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N E W - E N G L A ^^ D 

listorical aiii) l^cnc;i[o5ic;il XUgislcr. 





rxwNTEo BY David Clapp & Soy. 



•V S9737'S 




(^^-c^v^^ /U^t^-^--€n^ i/y^^^yc^i^i^!^ 

John- V7akd Dea>7, A.M. (Editor), Jeremiah Colburx, A.M., 
Lccius R. Paioe. D.C, William B. Trask, 

Edmvni) F. Slavtek, a M., Henuy H, Edes, 

Hemit F. Watep.s, a B. 


• llliistraiions: 

1. Portrait of Reir Adm. HENRY KXOX THATCHER, U.S.X. [to face pige 5 

2. Petition for Groton Plantation, page 'l-i. 

3. Answer to the petition incorporatinu the town, 2i. 

4. Autojrraphof the Rct. Thomas Welde, pai;o 39. 

5. Autograph of William Hilton of York, page 40. 

6. Autograph of William iliiton of Charle-tuwn, ]iage 4L 

7. Autograph of Enfign William Hiiron, page 40. 

8. Autograph of Amos Hilton (iTil-So^i, page 46. 

9. Autograph of Amo? Hilton (1764-96), page 46. 

10. Autograph of Amoi; Hilton ^ITSfS-oO), page 46. 

11. Autograph of Jolm Perkin?, pngc SI. 

12. Autograph of Dea. Thomas Perkins, page 81. 

13. Autograph of Capt. Thomas Perkins, page 81. 
I. Memoir of Reap. Admiral Henrtc Knox Thatc!£er, U.S.N 

Geo. Henry Preble, U S.N. - 

II. Thachek's Record op Marriages at Miltov, Com, by Edward D. Harris, F.sq 
III. EARLi- History or Groto>:. By Ron. Sa?nusc A. Crern\lsi:D. . . ' . 

lY. Moxtresor's Journal of an Expedition on Snow Shoes in 17G0 from Qi;eei:c 

Com. b}' G. D. Scull, Esq. . 

V. 7?rv. T'TOMAH W:;:l:.k's LEirER,lo43. Com. bv i]^7/'/ia//i i?. TVa.sA;, Esq. . 
VI. Tke Dover Settlement and the Kiltons. Com. by John T. Hassam, A.M. 
YII. Lraintree Recouls. Com. by Sanmel A. Bates, }^,5q, ..... 

YIII. Sabin Family. By the Rev. Amoji Ti^us, Jr. . . 
IX. Marriages in West Springfield. {Continued.) Com. by Mr. Lyynan H. Bagg 

X. Rev. Tkomas V^elde's Lnnocency Cleared. CoTn. !)y G. D. Scull, Esq. 
XL Peed OF Gov. Bellingham, Com. by )t';///f:7n j5. rm//:, Esq. .... 
XII. Capt. John Gekrish's' Acciunt Book. Com. by Fra?:/c iV. Hackeft, A.M. 

XIII. Longmeadow Families. {Cortin-ned.) V,om. })y WiUard S, Alhn, A.M. 

XIV. LettePv OF Roger ^Villiams. Cora, by WilUam B. Trask, Usq^. 

Bv Hear Adm. 




XV. Notes and Qieiues : 

Notes. — Boston Physicians, 78; Winship, Kendall, Rayner ; Woburn Second 
Parish, 79; Boodey; Knox M:msion ; letter of John Wcntworth, SO; PerKins; 
Prentice Gcnealogv ; Dawson's Notes on Westchester County, N. Y., 31 ; Col. 
John Montresor, lui .Sl-83 

Queries. — Genealogical Queries, 81 ; Brown ; Willard. 82; Withercil: 
ton; Butler; Drake, Rogers ; Waterman; Bardweil; Day, 83 . . ' . 

Replies. — Warner, 83; Clark; Scotch-Irish Manuscripts ; Lee and Walker 
- • ■. ^ Arms, 84; Alden; Robert Pike, 85 

Historical and Genealogical Intelligence. — Talcott's Genealogical Notes. 85 ; 
Thomas's Genealogical Notes; Tovrn Histories in Preparation ; Genealogies in 
Preparation. 86 '. . 

XVI. Societies and tkeir Proceedings : 

New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 87; Rhode Island Historical So- 
ciety, 83; Nova Scotia Historical Society; New Brunswick Historical Society, 89 S7-89 

XVII. Necrology of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society : 

Hon. E. R.edington Mudge, John W. Brooks, 90; Rev. Christopher Cashing, 

D.D., Ebeu Wright, 91; Rev. James R. Cu.-hing, 92 ... . . 90-92 

XVIII. Book Notices 92-104 



XIX. List of Recent Plblic.vtions 
XX. Deaths .... 


%)xt ^eiv-33tu3{;ui(I Tustoriral «iiul Genealogical Jlegisitcr» 

Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form tiie scattered and decaying record-- of the 
domestic, civil, literary, reiiaious and politicid life of the people of the United Sta'tes, •■iud particu- 
larly of New England, i.-, published quarterly by the New England Historic, Genealogical Sociotv. 
Boston, on the tirst dav of Januarv, April, July and October, at S3 a year in advance, or 75 c'5. 
a number. Each number contains not less tha7i 93 octavo pages, wittj a portrait on steel. Aadrcss, 
John Ward Dean, Editor, IS Somerset Street. Boston, Mass'^. 

Hf* Entered at the Post-Office at Boston, Massachusetts, slp- seooud-class raail-mattcr. 


John Ward Dean. A.M. (Editor), Jeremiah Coi.bvrx, A.>!. 
Liens Li. Paige. U.U.. William. B. Trask, 

Edmund F. t^L.4.FTi:i;, A M.. Hhnky II. Eoes, 

IIlm;y F. Wateks, A B. 


*»* lUustraUons : 

1. Portrait of Rev. SAMUEL OSGOOD, D.D., LL.D. {to face page 113.) 

2. Mariner's Astrol:il)c. pa2:e I5L 

3. Mariner's Cru>5-Statf, p !gc 152. 

4. Zodiacal Ei'lienieris, page lo3. 

5. Fac-siinile of the Groton Petition, paire 169. 

6. Fac-siinile of tiie. Answer to the Petition, page 170. 

7. Fac-simile on tlio Endorsement of tlie Petition, page 170. 

8. The Mysterious Antngrapli, page 211. 

9. Gov. Winthroo's Endor^ementrpage 212. 
10. Mr. Thornton's underscoring, &c., page 213. 

I. Memoir of the Rev. Samuel Osgood. D.D.. S.T D. By Jayncs O. Wriqht, Esq. 113 
IL FiFTETNTic Annual Aduke-ss BEFORE THE New England Historic. Genea- 
logical Society. By the Piv<ideiit, Hon. Marshall P. WiUler, Ph.D. . . 122 

III. William Coddington and the Resistance to the Royal Loan in Lincoln- 

shire, 1626. Com. by the kite Z)nr('(/ A7n</, M.D 13^ 

IV. History and Causes of Ixcokrect Latitudes, 1-335-1740. By the Rev. iTi- 

iniind F. Slafter, A.yi lie 

V. Society for PKOMortNO and Propagating the Gospel in New England. 

By G. D. Scull, Esq. 157 

VI. Streeter Ge.nkalogy. By Fdicni'd D. Hat ris,lZ:^o. 161 

Vn, Long>ieado\v Fa?.ulies. "{Continued.) Coin. !>y WHlard S. Allen, A.-.L . 16.' 

VIII. Early History of Gkoton. No. II. BvtlieHon. Samuel A. Green, M.D. . 16/ 

IX. Constables. By Prof. Herbert B. Adar^.s, Ph.D. . 17^ 

X. Records OF the Rev. Samuel Parrls at Salem. Yil[,, 1G3S-9G. Com. 

by Samuel P. Foxcler, Esq 13/ 

XL Will OF John Blacklexch, 1671. Q^\T).\iy Vy'iUiain B. Trask, T.^r[, . . ib^ 

XII. Taxes UNDER Gov. An DRos. (Continued.) No. XL MarI:;oroagh, Mass. Cora. 

by Walter Lloyd Jeffries, A.B VJ\ 

XIII. NoTE.s AND Queries : 

Xotes. — Brown avid SuGvbarnc : Samuel Hunt. VJ'i ; Estes; Ward : nusst:v, 
194 - . . ■. . 15o-i:}i 

Queries. — Lad.]. 194: Peter Cooper ; Chri.v:::a N.uncs coraiion to boui Scxes . 

Robinson; Qo'.i, 19-3 ' . . ' ibl-jw: 

Replies. — Hovey; W[illiam] Rfatliljandj's Narration, 19o .... 10- 

Historical and GenealofficaJ Intelligence. — Winsor's History of the Unites] 
States; Magazine of American Hi-tory, edited by De Costa; 'History of 2ls: 
Mass. Reg'c ; Town Histories in Preparation; Genealogies in Preparation, 1G6 t9i 

XIV. Societies and their Proceedings: 

New England Hi-torie, Genealogical Society, 197; Maine Historical Society, 
198; Nova Scotia Hi.-torica' Society; Historical Society at Frederictun prcjios- 
ed; Rhode Island Historical Society, 199; New Haven Colony Historical So- 
ciety ; New York Genealogical and Biograpnical Society; Chicago Historical 
Society, 200; Virginia Historical Society; Kansas Historiail Society, 201; 
American Ethnological Society, 202 197-26". 

XV. Necrology of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society; 

Samuel F. Haven, LL.D., 20J ; Hon. John Bovd, 203 ; Rev. Eugene A. Ve^r> 
mile, D.D.; Charles H. Cleaveland, M.D., 201; Col. Albi?ence W. P'ltiiam. 
205; S.Whitney Phoenix; Samuel Tymms, F.S.A., 236; Hon. John P. Pat- 
nam; Thomas C. Wales, Esq., 207; Capt. Ambrose H. White; Samuel W. 
Phelps, Esq., 208 

XVI. Book Notices 20'> 

XVIL Deaths . 231- 

Z\xt ^InV'ignijlaua ^usitorical and iStncalogical ijcijiotcr. 

Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records ot^ 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and poh'tical life of the people of tiic United States, anu p'!- 
larly of New En^rland', is jiutilished quarterly by tlic New England Historic, Genc-alcg^--' -"^^ . 
Boston, on the hrst day of January, April, July and October, at S3 a year in udv;'.'.';-, ■' ■ 
a nuinbfT. Each number conrains not le-s than 06 octavo pages, with a portrait o;i ^icci. A • -■ 
John Ward Dean, Editor, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Ma8.s^. 

Cr Entered at the Post-Officc at Boston, Massachu,setts, as second-class mail-.T^i:^'- 


John Warp V)h\y, A.M. {E'U'or), Ji^hemiai;- C'tr.Bi kv. A.M., 
Lrcirs R. Paige, D.D., William B. Tiiask, 

Edmund F. Slafteu, A.M., Henry II. Edes, 

Henut F. W.^ters, A.B. 


•#* llluslrations : 

1. View of New Amsterdam in 1649 from Montaniis (^o fa^e vage 233). 

2. Seal of the Province of Xeu- Nerhevland, 1G23, pa^^e 236. 

3. View of the lite Protestant Reformed Dutch Church in A]i)any (removed 1SC6), rage 23S. 

4. Seal of the early Dutch Church of Fort Orange, page '23S. 

5. Wendell Arms, facir.g page 24:2. 

6. Autograph of Invert Jansen Wendel, the fir^t settler of the name, page 242. 

7. " Johannes Wendel of Albanv, page 2-1:5. 

8. '* Abraham Wendell oi Nev/ York^paire 2-iG. 

9. " John Wendell of Boston, Mass., page 248. 

10. '« John Wendell of Portsmouth, N. H., page 249. 

. 11. " Jacob Wendell of Portsmouth, N. H.,'page 2-50. 

12. ** Bartholomew Cheever, 1646, page 307- 

13. " Richard Cheever, 1699, patre 3U9. 

14. " Bartholomew Cheever, 1734, page 310. 

15. " William Dowues Cheever, 1747, page 311. 

I. Events Incident to the Settlement of New Netherland. By James R. 

Siamcood, Esq 235 

II. Wrndell Genealogv. With Tabular Pedifrree. Bv James R. iStanwood, Esq. 242 

III. Constables. (Concluded.) By Prof. Herbert B. Adams, Ph.D. .... 25o 

IV. Genealogy of Ezekiel Williams of New Haktiukd. N. Y. By Thomaa 

B. Seicard, Esq. . . - ' 277 

V. Letters of the Rev. John Eliot. Com. hy G. D. Sczdl, Esq. . . . 291 

YL Recori/3. ( Continued.) C:)m.h\ Samuel A. Bates, ^s^. . , 299 

VII. CoDENHAM, CoDNAM, CoDMAN. Bv Arthur A morij Cod?nan, Eiq. . . . SOI 
VIII. Thacher's Record of Marriages at Milton." (Continued.) Com. by Jld- 

tcard D. Harris, Esq 503 

IX. Descendants of Bartholomew and Richard Cheever. By John T. Has- 

sam, A.M. . 30 J 

X. LoNGMEADOW Families. (Continued.) Com. hy WiUard S. AHen, A.^1. . 313 

XI. Wentworths at Bermuda. By the Hon. /oA;i"ire?i('!cor^/?, LL.D. . , . 31-5 
XII. Additions and Corrections to the Wentworth Genealogy. By the Hon. 

Johi Weniicorth, LL.D 310 

XIIT. Note.s and Queries ; 

.Voif^5.— Edmund Quincy, 318: Rev. John Harvard; Thomas Carter ; Eph- 
raira Carter, 319; Nc-vburyport: Winslow ; Codnam ; Dolor Davis, 320. 

Queries. — Saunderson. — Saunders, 320; Col. David Brewer ; Bidweii; Waia- 
wright, 321; Elliott; Shorev ; Stedman ; Cobb, 322; Waterman; Pope; Dra- 
per; Genealogical Queries 323; Waldo; Russell, 324. 

Replies.— ^ah'm, 324; Alexander, 325. 

Historical and Genealogical Intelligence. — Poole's Index ; Narragansett His- 
torical Register; History of Augusta County, Va. ; Muzzey's Revolutionary 
Memorials, 325; Genealogies in Preparation, 325 ' 31S-3-'' 

XIV. Societies and their Proceedings : 

New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 326; Pilgrim Society; Maine 
Historical Society, 327; Canton Historical Society; Rhode Island Historical 
Society; Chicago Historical Society, 328; Virginia Historical Society, 329 323-329 

XV. Necrology of the New-Engl.vnd Historic, Genealogical Society : 

John A. Boutelle, 329; Rev. Edwin A. Dalrvmple, S.T.D. ; Hon. Har\ey Jew- 
ell, 330; Ebcnezer Ciapp; Lieut Strong B. Thompson, 331 ; John Jav Smlfu ; 
■ William E. Bricrht, 332 ; Capt. Bickfnrd Pulsifer ; Jacob W. Reed ; Hon. Oliver 
H. Perry, 333 ; Theodore A. Neal ; Hon. Charles F. Sedgwick, 334 ; Theo-h;iu3 
R.Marvin, A.M., .335; Gen. William Sutton, C. Fiske Harris, A.M., 330; Jo- 
seph E. Bulkley; Prof. Conrad Engelhardt, 337; Hon. John P. Heal v, LL.D.; 
James Morrison, M.D., 338 '. . 329-3.:9 

XVI. Book Notice-s 339-34 7 

XVII. List of Recent Publications 347-3-'^ 

XVIII. Deaths 3.50-352 

(O' Erratum.— On page 242 of this number of the Register, it will be noticed that the three foot- 
notes marked f, X and ^, should be transposed in their order of succession. 

New England IIistor[cal and Genealogical Regi.ster. — A complete ?et. r>.5 voinnjcs, 
1.^17 t:j 1881, in fine coQilIcion, in niiiabers, lor sale, price c>l'30. Apply to Juhu ^ . i)'-^''^ 
18 Somerset tstreet, Boston. 


John Wari- Dkw, A.M. (Editor), 
Lrcii s K. Paige. D.D.. 
Edmund F. ^LAFT^:l{. A M., 

Hknky f. ^^^\Tl 

Jr,RK-.'AH Cdi.RlRv, A.m., 

HhNHY H. El.F.S, 

i< A B. 


»* lllusiratwn: Portrait of Col. JOHN TliULL HEARD [to face pig e 0^2,). 
I. Memoir of Col- John Tkilt. Heard. By John T/teodorf Hertrd,'M.D. 
II. English Ballads AROUT >iEw England. Com. by G. D. Scidl, Esq. 

III. Walpole Assessment Rolls. Com. \)y James A. Ditpee^'Esq. 

IV. Descendants of Daniel Stone. By IVaterman Stone, E;-q 

V. John Browne of the Old Colony. By George M. Broirnr, E-q. 

VI. Documents of the Society fou Pkopacating the Gospel in Nkav Fngland. 

1. Rev. Thoinus Welde's Library. 2. Receipts and Expt-nses. Cam. by G. D. 

Scull, Esq 

Braintree Records. (Continued.) Com. hy Scimuel A. Bates^E^q. 
Burial Place OF Gen. Waldo, By the Hon. /a5^jt?/i IVii'^inmson 

Bellingham Sketch. By Charles Henei/ Tvicnshend, Esq 

Hayes Family of Connecticut. By the Rev. Charles W. Fiayei . 
Letters of Col. John Thomas. Com. by John S. H. Fogg, M.D. . 
Extracts from the Gerkish Papers. Com. by Frank IV. Hackdc, Esq. . 
Letter of Thaddeus Mason. Com. by John S. H. Fogg, M.D. 
Marriages in West Springfield. {Continued.) Com. by Lynian H. Bagg 

. Alcock. Family of ^^Iaine. By Dr. Charles E. Banks 

Petition of Jeremiah Mather. Com. by Williain B. Trask, Esq. . 





































CoL. Allan's Interview with Indian Chiefs. Com. by Feur E. Vose, E.sq, 

Rev. Thomas Weld. By the Rev. Thomas W. Davids .... 

Notes and Queries : I 

.Vcif^s.— Ccrton-Vuue Estate; Serse-nt, 407; Tercentarv of the Gregorian '\ 

Calendar, 40S. ' | 

Q?^er/fs.— Place; Mary Wadl., 403. | 

Replies. — Manskuseehoank ; Kent; Wendell Genealogy, 408. V 

Historical and Genealogical Intelligence.— Din^idu'w Vavijrs ; ProvlTioi.;! Li- ; 

brarv (>f Novi Scotia; Town Histories ia Preparation, 4U9; Genealogies in 

Preparation, 410 407-110 T 

Societies and their Proceedings: ( 

New England Historic, Geneaioizicul Society, 410; Boston Scientific Society; f 

New Hampshire Hi.'^torical Society, 411 ; Rhode Inland Historical Society, 412 : * 

Viririnia Hi!?torica! Societv, 413 410-41'«r 

Necrology of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society : 

Hon. Alexander H. Bullock, 413 ; Hon. Solomon Lincoln; Rev. Horatio Al- 
ger, 414; Rev. Lvman Coleman, 415; William C. Binnev, LL.B. ; Hon. Eii^ha 
R. Potter, 416; Rev. Henry W. Bellows; Hon. Ezra Wilkin.^on, 417 ; WiiHam 
Downing Bruce, F.S A.,4i8; Dr. George Smith; Alfred Mudge, Esq., 419; 
Hon. Robert S. Hale, 420 

Book Notices 

List of Recent Publications 


413--!: ^ 

420-4- 1 

42e-4n l 

4: I 

(tilt ^Uic-Cudlauil 2i{9tov!cal and (B^acaloijical ilcgi$tfr, 

Designed to gather up and place in a t^erinanent form the scattered and decnvinL' recoro <>: 
domestic, civil, literary, reliirious and political life of t!ie people of the United Statc<, .:n J par' 
larly of New En:xland', is published quarterly by the New England_ Historic, GeiicaH^eicai t^<y_ 
Boston, on the hrst day of January, April, July and October, at §:< a year in advance, » r ' ■ 
a numb'-r. Each number contains not less than"96 octavo pages, with a portrait on -reel, a . - 
John Ward Dean, E<litor, IS Somerset Street, Boston, Ma-js. 

Qir Entered at the Po^t-Olficc at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class muil-m:it:-r- 

tb- f 
■ f" 



. Committee m ^publtatbn, 
. 18 8 2. 








Historical and GENEALOGiCi\L 







5G-i "WASifiNOToy St. 


"v — ^ — — -^- -^ 

^ THE 



JANUARY, 1882. 

U. S. XAVY. 

Bj Rear Admiral Geo. Henry Preble, U.S.N. 

HENRY KXOX THATCHER, the son of Ebenezer and Lucy 
Flucker (Knox) Thatcher, was born in Thomaston, Maine, 
at MontpeHer, the seat of his grandfather Major General Henry 
Knox, May 2G, ISOG.* 

The following description of the Admiral's birthplace is derived 
from the pages of a local historian, j 

"In 1793 Knox sent workmen from Boston, under the superintendence 
of Ebenezer Dunton the architect, who commenced preparing and erecting 
a spacious mansion of three lofty stories, including the basement of brick, and 
surmounted by a fourth, central and cupola Hke, io the rocf ; together with 
stables, farm house and other out-buiidings to match. The work wa-; 
finished the following year * * * in a style of beauty, symmetry 
and magnificence, seldom excelled, and at that time said to be unequal- 

* Gen. Knox died October 25, 1806. See memoir of Henry Knox, bv Francis S. Drake, 
in the Reoistek, October, 1S80; also "Knox nrui his Home ia Tliomaaton, Me,," in 
Eaton's History of Tho:na;ton, vol. i. -p^^cs 20.5-225. 

The m.'-n-iajre of Admiral Thatcher's erandfatiier was thns announced in the ^^assa• 
chusetts Gazette, June 20, 1774; " La<=t Thur'-day was married, by the Rev. Dr. Cancr, 
Mr. Henry Kpjjx of ilvi, to^n [Boston] to Miss Lucy Flucker, second daughter of the 
Hon. Thomas Flucker, E.^q. Secretary of the Province. 

** B!e-t tho' she is with every human ffrace, 
The m;en en^'iif^ing, and i)t^witching face, 
Yet still a hi;.,'l^T beauty is her care. 
Virtue, the charm that "must adorns the fair; 
This does new i,'races to her air inspire. 
Gives to her !i;;s their bloom, her eyes their fire ; 
This o'er her cheek v.ith briirhter tincture siiows 
The lily's whitene-s and the blushin.: ro?e. 
• 0, may each b!:-s tho lovely piir surroimd. 

And eacii wirjLif'd liour with new deli.irhts be crowned. 
Lon.;? may th<-y thOM? exiucod pleasures prove 
That spring from worth, from conscan.-y and love." 
t Cyrus Eaton's History of Thomaston, &c. 


6 Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher, [Jan. 

led in any part of the commonwealth. The site chosen for this palace, as 
it might well be called, or chateau, as French travellers* and visitors de- 
lighted to term it, was well selected, nearly on that of the old fortress, with 
a deliglitful prospect in front extending eight or ten miles down that river, 
finely sheltered by forest on the north-east, and open on the south-west to 
the breezes which on the hottest days of summer seldom f^xiled to come 
with the tide to fan and refresh the balconies and corridors, arbors and al- 
coves of this tasteful and noble residence. At the present time [1865] the 
view from its roof, in which the villages of Thomaston and St. George lie like 
a map beneath the eye, is superb ; but the original grandeur and elegance 
of this residence can scarcely be conceived of, from what now [1865] re- 
mains of it. On each hand, a little back from the mansion, a range or wing 
of out-buildings extended east and west from it, inclining backwards from 
the so as to form, with the mansion in front, a crescent or segment of 
a circle— nine bnilflinn;s in each, commencing on one side with the cook 
house, and on the other with the mews or stable. These two structures be- 
ing built of brick, and [1865] still remaining in their places. The rest 
have been removed or taken down. * * * 

"• Eeautifully at the v/ater's edge sat this sumptuous villa as it first caught 
the eye and struck the lofty mind of Mrs. Knox, as she with her husband, 
children and retinue, first passed up between the sombre evergreens and 
dusky forests that shaded either side of the river, to take possession [1795] 
of her new abode on her ancestral domain. Pleased with so elegant a crea- 
tion, the romance of its site, and the contrast it presented to the surround- 
ing landscape, its new mistress, in conformity to the French taste. inibil>ed 
through her intimate friend, Mrs. William Bingham of PhiUidelphia, for 
some time a resident in France, named the mansion Montpelier." 

The General also erected on a sightly s[)Ot a large three story 
house, intended as a residence for Admiral Thatcher's father ; but 
it was unfinished at Knox's death, and was subsequently sold, taken 
down and removed. A fine avenue was to have been opened througii 
the intervening woods to keep the two residences in communication 
and view of each other. 

The remains of General Knox were at first deposited in a tomb on 
the grounds of Montpelier, but they were in 1860 removed by Lieut. 
Thatcher to the old. town cemetery, Thomaston, where they now 
repose. Having been urged to again remove them to a more sight- 
ly 8[)')t in the same cemeterv, where a public monument could be 
erected over them, Lieut. Thatcher, in a letter dated July 19, 1860, 
says : " My feelings revolt from the idea of again disturbing the 
ashes of my departed kindred, if it can be avoided. I have a sort 
of veneration for tlie modest old monument which my grandmother 
raised over her husband's tomb. Xevertheless, I should highly 
appreciate any efforts winch the citizens of our beloved old town 
might be wdlling to make to perpetuate the memory of a man who 
gave all the energies of his life to the great cause of establishing for 
us this model republic, and his latter days to the interests of tlie 

♦ The Duke de la Rochefoucault-Lmnooart, Louis Philippe, afterwards king of the 
French, Talleyruud and others, who visited it. 

1882.] Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher, 7 

town wliich he had selected before all others for his home ; and I 
cannot but feel a glow of pride that he is not yet forgotten by his 
townsmen and their successors." 

Admiral Thatcher received liis early education in the schools of 
Boston, and July 1, 1822, was admitted as a Cadet at tlie West 
Point Mihtary Academy. The records of the Academy state that 
he was "absent with leave, sick, from Nov. 23, 1822, to April 3, 
1823," when his resignation is recorded. Ilis predilection being 
for a sea life, he succeeded in exchanging his cadetship for a mid- 
shipman's appointment in tlie U. S. Navy, bearing date ]\Iarch 4, 
1823, when not quite seventeen years old. His first order was to 
the Washington Xavy Yard, where lie made himself useful in aiding 
to equip the so-called " ]Musquito ticet " of Commodore David Por- 
ter, designed to operate against the pirates, who to the annoyance 
of our commerce at that time infested the West India Islands and 
the Carribean Sea. His next service -was, from 1824 to 1827, on 
the Frigate Uniied States, the flag-ship of Commodore Isaac Hull, 
in the Pacific Ocean. In 1828 we find him serving in the ^Mediter- 
ranean, on board tiie Delaware, 74, the tlag-ship of Commodore 
William M. Crane. He returned in her to the United States to 
be examined for promotion, and March 23, 1829, being then about 
twenty-three years of age, and having been six years in the ser- 
vice, he was promoted to tlie orade of Passed Midshipman* while 
serving on board the Independence 74 at the Boston station. 

In 1830 the Xavy Kegister records him on "leave of absence." 
In 1831 we find him Acting ^Master of the Sloop of War Erie, 18, 
Master Commandant Lawrence Pousseau, in the West Indies. On 
Capt. Rousseau's detachment in 1832, he obtained a leave of ab- 
sence and returned home. On the 28th of February, 1833, Avhen 
about twenty-seven years of age, he was again promoted, commis- 
sioned a Lieutenant, and ordered to the Navy Yard at Boston. In 
1834 he was ordered to the Sloop of War Falmouth, under his old 
Captain Kousseau, attached to the West India Squadron, and re- 
mained in lier until she was paid off in 1836. In 1837, '38 and 
'39 he is registered as " waiting orders." In 1840, '41, as attached 
to the Frigate Brandy wine, Captain William Compton Bolton, in 
the Mediterranean. In 1842. attached to the Naval Rendezvous at 
Portland, Maine, under the command of Commander John Stone 
Paine. In 1843, Executive Officer of the Receiving Ship Ohio, 74, 
Capt. Joseph Smith, at B<jston. In 1844, on "leave of absence." 
In 1845, "waiting orders." In 1846, again attached to the Receiv- 
ing Ship Ohi(j at Boston. In 1847, " waiting orders." In 1848, 
on board the Sloop of War Jamestown, 20, flag-ship of Commo- 
dore A\ illiam C. Bolton, another of his old commanders, on the coast 
of Africa. In 1849 Commodore Bolton was transferred to the Me- 

• This tifle was abolished ou the r-i-or^'auizatioa of the navy in 1862, aud that of Ensign 
subsiimted for it. 

8 Rear Admiral Henry Knox ThutcJier. [Jan. 

diterranean squadron, and hoisted his broad pennant on the Frigate 
Constitution, 44. The Jamestown accompanied him to his new 
command, and Lieut. Thatcher remained in her as her executive 
officer until she was put out of commission in 1^S50, when lie was 
ordered to the Boston Navy Yard as an Inspector, where he re- 
mained until ordered to command the storeship Relief in 1852. The 
liclief was attached to our squadron on the coast of Brazil, and this 
was his last sea-eervice as a Lieutenant. 

In 1853 we find him well up on the list of Lieutenants (Xo. 25), 
and " waiting orders." In 1854-5 he was the executive officer of 
the Xaval Asylum at Philadelphia; and September 14, 1855, at 
the age of 49, through the action of the naval retiring board, known 
us " the board of titteen " — which put aside and dismissed many 
officers from the service — he was promoted and commissioned a 
Commander, jumping from Ko. 15 on tlie Lieutenants' list to 
No. 25 on the list of ninety-seven Commanders — an advance of 
eiyJiLij-seven numbers. Xotv;ithstanding his promotion he remained 
on duty at the Naval Asylum until ordered, in 1857, to succeed 
Commander Gansevoort in the command of the Sloop of War De- 
catur, 16."* The Decatur was attaclied to our squadron in the Paci- 
fic, and he remained in command of her until she was put out of 
conunission at San Francisco, Cal. On his return from this cruise, 
August, 1859, lie was again ordered to the Boston Navy Yard as 
its executive officer, and remained on that duty earnestly engaged 
in fitting out the vessels equipped from tliat station in the early days 
of the rebellion, until, in the first months of 18f)2, he was order- 
ed to the command of the Constellation, 24, a decked corvette at 
Portsmouth, N. IL, fitting for special service in the iNlediterranean, 
where the Secretary of the Navy in his annual report says : " Her 
presence and visits to the commercial ports of the Levant was con- 
ducive of good results." 

July 16, 1862, through the numerous resignations and dismissals 
of tliat exciting time. f and the re-organization of the navy by the 
establishing of a permanent retired list and the introduction of new 
grades into the service, he was promoted trom Xo. 9 on the list of 
commanders to a commodore (Xo. 16) on the active list, passing the 
interrni.^diate grade of captain, a clear advancement of fifty-one 
numbers. Desiring active service nearer the seat of war, and a 
command more in accordance with his new rank than the sailing 
corvette Constellation, he was relieved by Captain Stellwagen in 
July, 1863, and hastening home was ordered at once to the screw 

• An interesting account of the service of the Decatur in Puget Sound, written by Com- 
modore T. S. Phelps, U.S.N., cm be found in " The United Sei-vice," for Decemljer, 1881. 
It is entitled Reujiniicences of Seattle, Washington Terncorv, during the Indian war, 

t Th(; S'^cretary of the Navy in his Annual Report ^ay^ 2',2 ornccr? \v\'\ re-JL'ned their 
coinnii-sjons <jr were di-tni,s-ed tjie service. ! lie hue K'/ar Auniind Chitrles Henry Da\i-). 
prej^tnted to Harvard Colleu'e Library a carefully marked eo^^y of the Navy rvugister, show- 
ing ail ih«;se rcsiicuatii^ni and dismissals. 

1882.] Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher. 9 

eteara Frigate Colorado, 52, a first rate, preparing for sea at the 
Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. II. 

The Colorado \vas soon after ordered to the north Atlantic Squad- 
ron, commanded by Eear Admiral David D. Porter, and in her 
Commodore Thatcher commanded t'ne first division of Porter's fleet 
in December, 1864, and January, 18G5, in the attacks upon and final 
capture of Fort Fisher and its dependencies. Concerning tlie last 
attack Commodore Thatcher wrote : " I commanded the first divi- 
sion of the attacking fleet, and the attack terminated in the fall of 
that fortress (Fort Fisher) and all the surrounding works. Here, in 
January, 1865, the gallant 'Terry' and his command won im- 
mortal honor in his s[)lendid and succe-sfui assault on those works 
after the bombardment by the navy had disabled or dismantled nearly 
everv lar2:e mm on the forts. The rebels foiuzht ix^iHantlv with their 
small arms, but the bravery of the troops under ' Terry ' was too 
much for them. Col. Lamb, the rebel commander, evinced a hero- 
ism worthy of a better cause." 

Here was a generous appreciation of the military commanders, 
union and rebel, but not a word about iiimself. Kear Admiral Por- 
ter, however, in his official report to the Secretary of the -Savy, dat- 
ed January 28, 1865, fortunately supplies his deficiency. He 
says : 

" After such an ensjasferaent and success as this fleet has met with, I think 
It due to the officers engaged to mention those particularly who in my 
opinion deserve the commendation of the Department or merit promotion. 
* * * I trust that some promotions will grow out of this, if only to show 
the officers there is reward in store for those who do the fighting. 

" First and foremost in the list of commodores is Commodore H. K. 
Thatcher. Full of honest zeal and patriotism, his vessel was always ready 
for action, and when he did go into it, his ship was handled with admirable 
skill ; no vessel in the squadron was so much cut up as the Colorado ; for 
some reason the rebels selected her as a target. I believe Commodore 
Thatcher would have fought his ship until she went to the bottom, and 
went into the fight with the full determination to coiiquer or die. There is 
no reward too great far this gallant officer ; he has shown the kind of abili- 
ty naval leaders should possess, a love of fighting and an invincible 

After this victory, there being no further occasion for the large 
vessels to remain off Wilmington, they were sent north, and as a 
result of the recommendation and commendation of Rear Admi- 
ral* Porter, Commodore Thatcher was ap{)ointed almost immedi- 
ately an Acting Kear Admiral in advance <jf his regular promotion 
to that grade, and ordered to take command of the AVest Gulf 
Squadron, as the successor of Vice-Admiral FaiTagut, who after 

* Commo'lorc Thatcher's official report of the part taken by t!ic " Colorado," and of her 
officers and men on ^hore in tlie th>t and second attacks upon fort Fisher, can i>e found ia. 
full in the appendix to the Secretary of the Navy's Annual Report, Dec. 4,.LB(ia.. 


10 Hear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher. [Jan. 

the surrender of the forts at the entrance of Mobile Bay, had return- 
ed north in ill health. 

On reaching the Gulf, in consultation with iMajor Gen. Canhy, 
U.S.A., Admiral Thatcher says : "It was determined to make a 
combined movement against the city of Mobile and its defences, 
which were of immense strength and extent, covering a distance from 
east to west of eight miles, and mounting not less than 400 guns of 
the newest pattern and heaviest calibre." " After nineteen days 
work we succeeded in capturing the works, when the troops under 
Gen. ]\Iaury fled to the interior, leaving the city an easy prey. Be- 
ing summoned to surrender Ajjril 15, 1865, its mayor at once com- 
plied with the command, but the naval forces under Farrand (rebel), 
formerly a commander in the U. S. Xavy,* fled up the Tombigbee 
with his fleet, sinking two large iron-clad rams in his flight. Being 
closely pursued by us he concluded to surrender his entire command 
yet afloat, consisting of the ' Xashviile, ^ Morgan,' ^Baltic,' and 
'Black Diamond,' three of v.liich were powerful and superior iron- 
clads, well armed ; one hundred and twelve officers of these rebel 
vessels were also surrendered as well as their crews. 

"Mobile having been secured and recovered to the United States, 
preparations were immediately made for attacking Galveston. 
Whilst these were going on, rebel commissioners were sent to sur- 
render the state of Texas without further contest. The authorities 
of that state knew the fate of Alabama, and that our land and na- 
val force on the Gulf was at liberty to advance on them, and 
deemed prudence the better part of valor." 

Admiral Thatcher went immediately to Galveston in his flag-ship 
and took possession of the forts, manning them, without opposition 
from the enemy, with his blue jackets, and holding them until troops 
were sent from Xew Orleans by Major General Philip H. Sheridan, 
who had relieved ^Nlajor Gen. Canby. 

About this time rumors, which were soon after confirmed, reached 
the Gulf that Johnson and Lee had surrendered, and the war was 
vijtuHlly ended, t 

The Secretary of the Xavy , after the surrender of Mobile, addressed 
a complimentary letter, dated April 29, 18G5, to the Admiral, 
which he closes by saying : " I am happy in extending to you and 
those under your command, the congratulations of the Navy Depart- 
ment for this victory, which places in our possession, with but one 
exception, all the chief points of our southern coast, and bids fair 
to be the closing naval contest of the rebellion." 

On the second of June that one exception referred to, Galveston, 

• Ehenezer Farrand, lx>rn in New York, entered the U. S. Navy from New Jersey March 
4; 1823, the very day that admiral Thatcher did. When he left the service to join tiif cun- 
fed'.Tacy he ^tooll" six numljers above Thatcher on the list of commanders. He WiU> 
then a re-idf.-iit of Florida. 

t F"r Acti?iL' Hear Admiral That' hf^r's detailed reports of his command of the Wot 
Gulf Bif^ckadiii:: .Squadron, and of these transactioric, see Secretary of the Navy's Annual 
Report, Doc. 18oo, pages 358-392. 

1882.] Bear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher. 11 

was surrendered, and the supremacy of the government was once 
more establi:?hed on tiie entire coast, from Maine to and including 

After these transactions our naval forces in the waters of the Gulf 
were reduced, and the consolidation of the East Gulf Squrdron, 
commanded by Acting Rear Admiral C. K. Stribling, and the ^Vest 
Gulf Squadron under Thatcher, wai consummated, and thereafter 
the united force was known as the " Gulf Squadron,"' Acting Rear 
Admiral Thatcher remaining in command until May, 18G6, when he 
was relieved. On tlie 22d of June, immediately on his arrival north, 
he was ordered to the command of the North Pacific Squadron, in 
which situation he remained until relieved in August, 1868, hoist- 
ing his flag on the U.S. Steam Ship Pensacola. 

Soon after his order to the Pacific Station, on the 25th of July, 
1866, he was regularly promoted by seniority, and commissioned a 
Rear Admiral in the U. S. Navy, on the Active list, being then 
sixty years of age. On the 2()th of May, 1868, having been above 
forty-five yeais in the service, and being then sixty-two years 
of age, in compliance with the existing law, he was placed upon 
the retired list, but retained his command afloat for tlie full term of 
two years, or until the following August.* 

After his return e^ist in 1869, he was ordered to assume the du- 
ties of Port Admiral at Portsmouth, N. XL, which oflice he held 
until, from motives of economy, it was abolished in 1871. This 
was his last nctive service, and during the remainder of his retirement 
he lived at his residences in Winchester and Nahant, except a few 
months in the early spring in Boston — as vigorous in mind and 
body to within a few months of his decease, as he ever was. 

At the date of his death, April 5, 18S(), he was 73 years, 10 
months, 10 days old, and had been attached to the navy fifty-seven 
years. Twenty-one years eight months of this time were spent at sea, 
ten years and eight months on shore duty, and twenty-four years and 
six months unemployed ; but nearly twelve years of the " unem- 
ployed " time he was on the retired list. 

The following '' General Order " was issued by the Secretary of 
the Navy on the day following his death. 

Navy Department, 

Washington, April G, 1880. 
The Secretary of the Navy announces with regret to the Navy aiid the 
Marine Corps the death, at Bosloq, on the 5th instant, of Rear Admiral 
Henry Knox Thatcher, after an honorable and meritorious service of 
fifty-seven years in the Navy. 

Rear Admiral Thatcher was horn in Maine, May 2G, ISOG, entered 
tlie Navy as Midshipman ^larch 4, l^i'Io, reached the grade of Commodore 

* Tlie lav/ of retirciijorit at tli.u time read, " i^hall be retired when G2 years uf age or for- 
ty-five, years in tiie service." The law lias since been altered to read". " wl en sixty-two 
years old " — the Admiral and Vice-Adiniral being excepted from its provision^. 

12 Hear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher. [Jan. 

July 16, 1862. and was made Rear Admiral under the act of July 25, 1866, 
which authorized the selections for that grade of otiicers who had rendered 
the most ethcient and faithful service during the recent war, and who pos- 
sessed the highest professional qualitications and attainments. 

His most prominent service was in the North Atlantic and West Gulf 
Blockading Squadrons. As commander of the 2d division of the foi-mer, 
and of the Colorado, he participated in the first attack on Fort Fisher, 
December 24 and 25, 1864, and in the second attack, which resulted in its 
capture, January 13, 1865. 

As commanding officer of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, under an 
appointment as Acting Rear Admiral, he successfully coo[)erated with 3Ia- 
jor General Canby in the capture of Mol)ile. Apiil 8, 1865, Fort Alexis 
and Spanish Fort were captured, and on the 10th Forts linger and Tracy, 
which opened the way to the subsequent capture of 3Iobile, April 14. 1665. 

The Secretarj" of the Navj-, in acknowledging the reports of these ope- 
rations, extended to Actinia Rear Admiral Thatceier, and those under his 
command, and to Major Geneial Canby, the congratulations of the Navy 
Department for this victory, which placed in our possession, with but one 
exception, "all the chief points on the southern coast, and bid fair to be 
the closing naval contest of the rebellion." 

On the 4th of July, 1865, a surrender was made to Acting Rear Admi- 
ral Thatcher of the confederate naval forces serving in the waters of the 
State of Alabama. Soon after this the remaining points on the coast of 
Texas were surrendered, which put an end to naval conliict in that quarter. 

Rear Admiral Thatcher was appointed to command the North Pacific 
Squadron. June 22, 1866, and uhile so serving reached the age of 62 years, 
May 26, 1868, and in accordance with law was placed on the Retired List. 

In respect to his memory it is hereby ordered that, on the day after the 
receipt hereof, the flags of the Navy Yards and Stations, and vessels in 
commission, be displayed at half-mast, from sunrise to sunset, and thirteen 
minute guns be fired at noon from the Navy Yanls and Stations, flag-ships 
and vessels acting singly. R. W. Thompson. 

Secretary of the Navy. 

The funeral of Admiral Thatcher took place at St. Paul's Church, 
Boston, on Thursday, April 'Jth, the day appcjinted by the Governor 
as the annual Fast Day, at 11 o'clock, by request without military 
parade, but was attended by a large niunber of citizens and represen- 
tatives of various bodies of which the deceased was a member. Pray- 
ers were said at the Evans House at 10. of.) by the Rev. Dr. Isaac P. 
Lans'worrhy. The services at tlie chiux'h were conducted by his 
old friend the Rev. Dr. Thomas R. Lambert, of St. John's Church, 
Charlestown. By a special order of the Commandant, all the offi- 
cers attached to the Boston Navy Yard and Station who could bo 
spared from duty, as well as many naval friends resident in the city 
and suburban towns, were present at the church ; as were also the 
Kev. Dr. Samuel K. Lothrop, Dr. Charles D. Homans, Alexander 
Williams and others of the Society of the Cincinnati; the Rev. Ed- 
mund F. Slafter, John "Ward Dean :;nd others re{>resentin;^ the New 
England Historic, Genealogical Society ; Col. Francis J. Parker, 
representing the Loyal Legion ; the Hon. John B. D. Cogswell, 

1882.] Hear A^dmiral Henry Knox Thatcher. 13 

ex-PrcsiJent of the Senate ; Abbott Lawrence and many otlicrs in 
inilitaiy, naval and civic positions. The Horal offerings were few 
but of rare beauty, an anchor of lilies and choice flowers from the 
Cincinnati being tiie most noticeable and appropriate. The choral 
service was rendered by the choir of St. Paul's. The pall-bearers 
were Pear Admirals Green and Preble, Commodores Ellison and 
Ransom, and Col. Jones of the Marine Corps, representing the 
Navy; ex-]Mayor Frederic W. Lincoln, representing the Bunker 
Hill Monument Association ; ex-^Iayor Samuel C. Cobb, of the 
Society of the Cincinnati ; the Hon. ^larshall P. Wilder, President 
of the Xew Enghmd Historic, Genealogical Society, and S. C. 
Small, Post Commander of Post 14(^, G. A. R., of Winchester, 
and of the Elaine Veteran Association, of which the late Admiral 
was a member. The remains were temporarily deposited in the 
receiving tomb at Forest Hills. 

Col. J. Hempliill Jones, who was one of the pall-bearers, died of 
pneumonia in a week's time, the result of a severe cold caught or 
aggravated by his attendance at the Admiral's funeral [see Reg- 
ister, XXXV. 197] ; and by a singular fatality, the Colonel's bro- 
ther, coming from AVashington to attend his brother's funeral, died 
in less than a week after his return to Washington, from a similar 

Immediately that tlie death of xldmiral Thatcher was known, a 
special meeting of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati was 
called by the Hon. Samuel C. Cobb, Vice-President, to take action 
upon the sad event to the society of which he was the honored pre- 
sident. The meeting was called to order by Mr. Cobb, who made 
the following address : 

Brethren of the Cincinnati : TTe meet at this time to take note of a sol- 
emn and mournful event Henry Knox Thatcher, a vahied member of 
this Society for nearly thirty-seven years, died on the 5th inst. This 
is not the time or place to pronounce any eulogy on the life and character 
of the deceased. We wlio enjoyed the privilege of a personal association 
with him, and who are familiar with the distinguished record he has made, 
know full well how valuable was his life in all that constitutes a brave 
officer and a high-minded citizen. His name was borne upon the rolls of 
the navy as an active otncer for more than forty years, and those who shall 
read the story of his eventful career will learu how rich was our brother 
in the virtues which predominate in the man who is ever faitliful, diligent 
and fearless in the discharge of duty. The eldest grandson of one of the 
founders of our Society, Admiral Thatcher appears to have inherited many 
of the leading traits which distinguished his illustrious ancestor. His loy- 
alfy was of tliat grand and heroic type which makes it sweet to die in de- 
fence of one's country. His patriotism was of that resolute and uncom- 
promising character v.hich shames the arts of the politician. The purposes 
lor v/hich this institution was founded has liad no nohier representative. 
Honored by his coiuitry, resr»ected and obeyed by his brother otlit.-ers, beloved 
by his associates in public and private life, lie has had all that the great 
poet says should accompany old age. We shall miss from our councils his 

14 Bear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher, [Jan. 

practical wisdom and his earnest devotion to the interests of the Society, 
and it will be loner before the recollection of his dignified presence and his 
genial manners will be forgotten. * * * 

At the conclusion of Mr. Cobb's remarks, the following resolu- 
tions, prepared by the Rev. S. K. Lothrop, D.D., were adopted by 
a rising vote : 

" It having pleased Almighty God to take out of this life our esteemed 
associate and honored President, Henry Knox Thatcher, Kear Admiral in 
the United States Navy, we the members of tlie Society of the Cincinnati 
here assembled, desire to express our sense of his worth, and our own loss, 
in the following resolutions : 

Resolved, — That while we bow in devout submission to the will of the Hea- 
venly Father who is too wise to err and too good to do wrong, v/e deeply 
lament the death of one whom we have long known and honored, who for 
many years has presided over our Society with dignity and urbanity, and 
both as an officer and a member was ever zealous to promote its best inter- 
ests, to extend its usefulness, and to carry out the patriotic and beiicvolent 
purposes of its founders. 

ResolvecL — That we recognize with pride and satisfaction that our de- 
ceased friend, associate and president not only bore with honor while living 
and left untarnished at his death, the name of his grandfather of revolu- 
tionary fame and memory, — Henry Knox, — but by his own gallant deeds 
and brave and manly bearing in the service of his country, added new lus- 
tre and fresh laurels' to that^name with which hereafter in this Society his 
own will ever be associated with reverence and honor. 

Resolved, — That in his long career in the Navy of the United States, an 
accomplished seaman, a gallant officer, a wise and considerate commander, 
a loyal, brave, patriotic man, of calm, fearless courage, ready in the face of 
danger and of death to do his duty at all times atid at all hazards, Rear 
Admiral Thatcher has rendered services to his country at home and abroad, 
in peace and in war, that entitle him to be held in grateful honor and 

Resolved, — That in the private life and character of our departed friend 
we recall with pleasure his many amiable qualities, the frankness and sim- 
plicity of his manners, the kindness of his disposition, the quickness of his 
sympathy with whatever was good, noble and worthy, all that large, warm- 
beartetl benevolence and honesty, and that earnest, steadfast chri-tian faith, 
which made it a pleasure and a satisfaction to be associated with him. and 
will cause his memory to be long cherished among us. 

Resolved, — That a copy of these resolutions be sent by the secretary to 
the family of our late 'President, and entered upon the records of this 

In seconding the resolutions, ^Ir. Winslow ^Varren briefly eulo- 
gized the character of Admiral Thatcher, and Mr. Alexander Wil- 
liams followed with appropriate remarks, and a committee was ap- 
pointed to attend the funeral. 

At the quarterly meeting of the New Englan<l Historic, Genea- 
logical S(jciety, April 7, a committee was ap[)ointed, of which itear 
Admiral William Kogers Taylor, U.S.N., was chairman, to prepare 

1882.] Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher, 15 

resolutions to tlie memory of Admiral Thatcher, and at the motith- 
ly meeting, May 5th, 1880, Captain AVilliam A. Parker, U.S.X., 
in behalf of the committee, reported the following resolutions, pre- 
pared by the Rev. Thomas R. Lambert, D.D., for many years a 
chaplain in the navy, and a lifetime friend of the deceased. 

Whereas,-— \n tlie all wise ordering of Divine Providence, our honored 
associate, the late Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher, of the United 
States Navy, has heeu taken from among us. and his place on earth shall 
know him no more ; therefore 

12 e s oh' ed.-^T hat the New England Historic. Genealogical Society put on 
record a formal and at the same time heartfelt expression of our atl'oction- 
ate esteem for one who represented in our midst a name so revered in the 
past, and also in his own person and character gave it a new claim upon 
the reverent remembrance of those who are to come after us. 

Hesoh'ed,-— That as the name of Henry Knox has come down to us among 
those of the nohlest of our revolutionary heroes and patriots, so that of his 
grandson, Henry Knox Thatcher, will live among those in peace as a high- 
toned, loyal and virtuous citizen — in war as a bold seaman, a brave and 
gallant officer and a ft^arless defender ot his country's flag — honored in the 
service to whose highest rank he had so worthily risen. 

ResoJred, — That, as his fellow raem.hers. we personally have sustained an 
irreparable loss in the death of one who. by the extremely valuable gift of 
the Knox 3Ianuscripts, has rendered himself one of the greatest benefac- 
tors of this society ; one whose frank and kindly nature, large-hearted and 
generous impulses, and whose manly goodness, have won for him the most 
genuine affection and the deepest regret. 

Resolred,--Thai a copy of these resolutions be forwarded to the f;imily 
of our late associate, and be entered on the records of the society. 

Captain Parker in reporting the resolutions alluded feelinizly to the 
death of one of the committee appointed to draft them — Coi. Jones, 
of the U. S. ^larine Corps, who was also one of the pall-bearers at 
the Admiral's funeral. 

Remarks on the character of Admiral Thatcher were also made 
by President ^Marshall P. Wilder, Mr. Frederic Kidder, and Judge 
G. Washington Vv'arren, and the resolutions were adopted by a 
standing vote. 

At the aimual meeting of the Bunker Hill ^'.lonument Associa- 
tion following the Admiral's decease, June 17, 1880, Abbott Lav/- 
rence, Esq., offered the following remarks and resolutions : 

Mr. President: You have already fitly and eloquendy alluded to those of 
our numbers who have passed away since we last met. and whom we miss 
here to-<iay. Among them no one was held in higher respect and regard than 
our lamented friend and associate the late Admiral Thatcher. Born of 
heroic ancestry at Thomaston, Maine, on the 2<>th of May, 180G, lie early 
showed a love for the sea, and at the age of 17 entered the navy as a mid- 
shi[»man. The well earned rardc which is now so widely associated with 
his name, was conferred upon him in 1800. He was a brave and 
efiicient officer, highly respected wherever he held command. With him 
patriotism was an instinct rather than a duty, and in this spirit he was a 

16 Hear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher, [Jan. 

fearless and uncompromising unionist during the rebellion. He rendered 
important service in the battle of Mobile Bay, at the storming of Fort Fisher, 
and in the attack on Galveston. He was a man of strong convictions, 
steadfast purposes, incorruptible integrity; unsliaken loyalty. At our meet- 
ing a year ago 1 happened to sit next tlie gallant old sailor, bronzed and 
worn with service to his country all the world over, and I shall never for- 
get the marked interest he took in our proceedings. I rejoice, sir, that my 
own recollection of him will be indelibly connected w*ith tiiis anniversary. 
Let us pay his memory the tribute of honor and praise which it so justly 

At the close of ^Tr. Lawrence's remarks the followin;;:^ resolutions 
were unanimously adopted : 

Resolved, — That in the death of Henry Knox Thatcher, "Rear Admiral 
in the United States Navy, this Association has lost one of its most hon- 
ored members, and our country an able and gallant officer whose patriotism 
and devoted service in his profession, and wiiose loyal and noble character 
gave liira a distinguished place on tlie roll of our naval commanders, added 
new lustre to the revolutionary name he bore, and ensured him our grate- 
ful and lasting rememluance. 

ResoJced,—'V\vAt the secretary be instructed to transmit a copy of these 
resolutions to the family of Admiral Thatcher.''* 

These resolutions so summarize the character of Admiral Thatch- 
er, that taken in connection with wdi:it has been show-n of it in this 
memoir, there is notliing left to add, unless to say that he was God'a 
noblest work, an honest man, a firm friend, an agreeable messmate, 
a soinid disciplinarian, yet kind commander, a christian gentleman. 

He was an uncom})ro[nisin2: unionist, a competent and brave offi- 
cer, and higldy respected. His chief characteristic was prompt and 
unhesitating obedience to the orders of his superior officers, let the 
consequences be what they may.f 

^ly acquaintance with Admiral Thatcher commenced in 1842-43, 
when he was tlie executive officer of the U. S. S. Oliio in Boston 
harbor, and I a passed midshipman on board. I soon learned to 
make allowance for his eccentricities and to admire him for his ster- 
ling integrity. AVe were drawn to each other by being natives of 
the stmie state. I never was associated with him again on duty, 
but frequently met with him in the vicissitudes of naval service, and 
we remained good friends to the close of his life. I am glad to be 
able to pay this tribute to his memory. 

Admiral (then Lieutenant) Thatcher was elected, in 1843, a 
member of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati, as the suc- 
cessor of his grandfather ^Nlajor (icneral Henry Knox, who was one 
of the originators and founders of the Society, its first Secretary- 
general and the first Vice-President of the Massachusetts Society. 

♦ Proceedings of the Bunker Hill Monument Association, June !7, 18S0. 

t The story told of hirn in the notice of liis death in the Jioston Evening Tramcnpt, April 
5, 1880, about torpedoes and Farrai:iit at Mol>iie, is not true, as he wajs not in that litrht. 
The writer confounded liini with Rear Admiral James Alden, also a native of Maiue, 
whoso bravery was undisputed. 

1882.] Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher. 17 

In 1870 Admiral Thatcher was elected Vice-President of the 
Massachusetts Society, in place of Winslow Warren deceased, and, 
in 1871, on the death of James Warren Sever, was elected Presi- 
dent, which office he continued to hold until his death in 1880. 

While in command of the North Pacific Squadron he received a 
medal from the King of the Hawaiian Islands for services rendered, 
and was created a Knight of the order of Kamahameha I., which 
honors he was allowed to accept by a joint resolution of the Con- 
gress of the United States, approved January 11, 18G8. 

In 1872 he was elected an associate member of the Bunker Plill 
Monument Association. 

He was admitted Sept. 1, 1871, a resident member of the 
New England Historic, Genealogical Society, and ever after, until 
sickness prevented, attended its meetings and took a lively in- 
terest in its objects, becoming himself a life member, and proposing 
the names of his friends for membership. In 1873 he showed his con- 
tinued interest in the Society by presenting to it the manuscripts 
of Major General Knox, which in accordance with the condi- 
tions of his gift are now handsomely and strongly bound in tifty- 
five massive folio volumes and indexed.* The number of letters 
and documents in the collection is eleven thousand four hundred 
and sixty-four, in which are included sixty-six letters and docu- 
ments, either written or signed by Washington. 

He also presented to the Society a Large original drawing of West 
Point, made by Major L'Enfant for General Knox, which has 
been framed, and occupies a prominent position in the directors' 
room of the Society. | 

The Hon. Ebenezer Thatcher, the Admiral's father, was born in 
Cambridge, Mass., Oct. y, 1778, and gi'aduated at Harvard Col- 
lege in 1798. He studied law and commenced its practice in 
Boston in 1801 ; but soon removed to Newcastle, Me., and subse- 
quently to Thomaston. He was appointed in 1812 a justice of the 
Circuit Court of Common Pleas, and held the office till Maine became 
a state. xVt one time he held the commission of brigadier general. 
He resided afterwards in Warren, Mercer and Bingham, Me., where 
he died June 9, 1841, aged 63.; About 1803 he married Lucy 
Flucker, daughter of Gen. Knox. He was a son of Col. Samuel 
Thatcher, who was distinguished in the Concord and Lexington 
fights, April 19, 1775, as a captain in Col. Gardner's regiment, 
and was so wounded as to be crippled for life. Col. SamueP 
Thatcher was a great-grandson of Dea. SamueP Thatcher, an early 

♦ See tlie Rev. Mr. Slafter's Report on "The Knox 'Manascripts," published in the So- 
ciety's Procec'lin^?, Jan. 5, 1881, and in pamplilet form. 

t This drawing has been engraved on t-teel, and the engraving illustrates a History of 
West Point. 

t A memoir of the Hon. Ebenezer Thatcher will be found in Willi:5'3 Uistory of Lhe Law, 
the Courts and the Laicyers of Maine, pp. 396-9. 


18 Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher. [Jan. 

settler in AVatertown, admitted freeman of Massachusetts May 18, 
1642, throu!2:h SamiieP and Ebenezer.^ 

The okl family residence of the Thatchers was on land now in- 
cluded in that beautiful retreat for the dead, ^lounc Auburn.* It 
would have been appropriate to have placed tlie AdiniraTs remains 
at rest near tlie site of the old homestead, but he himself expressed 
no wish on the subject. They have found an equally beautiful 
resting' place on Lantana Avenue in Forest Hills Cemetery, where 
a handsome and appropriate monument has been erected over them 
by loving hands. 

Lucy Flucker Knox, the mother of Admiral Thatclier, and eldest 
daughter of ]\Iajor General Knox, who was the friend of Washing- 
ton and his Secretary of W/ir, was born in Philadelphia, Penn., in 
1780. She was a granddaughter of Thomas Flucker, the last Eng- 
lish secretary of the Massachusetts Bay Province, who, loyal to the 
crown, left for England on the evacuation of Boston. She died 
Oct. 12, 1854, aged 77. Ebcnezer and Lucy Flucker (Knox) 
Thatcher had eight children, viz. : 

1. Julia K., b. 1805 ; m. Rev. Oren Sikes ; removed to Bedford, Mass. 

2. Henrv Knox (the Adniiral), b. Mav 26, 1800; bapt. April 11, 1809. 

3. Charles, b. Feb. 1809; d. Oct 8, 1810. 

4. Lucy Ann, bapt. Aug. 3, 1810 ; she married Nyrum Leeson, and re- 

moved to Michigan, where she died. 

5. Mary Henrietta, b. 1811 ; m. Rev. George C. Hyde. She died at Tho- 

maston Aug. 30, 1853, leaving two daughters, Henrietta C. and Marv 
P. Hyde. 

6. Caroline F., m. Benjamin Smith. 

7. James Swan, bapt. Aug. 9, 1815; admitted to the bar. 1840; entered 

U. S. N., and as purser perished in the Grampus, March, 1843. 

8. Harriet Elizabeth, m. George B. Page, of Beigrade, Oct- 28, 1841, and 

died Feb. 18, 1847. 

Admiral Thatcher was the last grandson, and his sister, Mrs. Caro- 
line F. Smith, of Vineland, N. J., is now the only living grandchild, 
of Gen. Knox ; but a number of his descendants in later genera- 
tions are living. In 1843 the Admiral's brother, James S. Thatch- 
er, sailed from Norfolk in the U. S. Schooner Grampus, of which 
vessel he was Purser. She was last heard of on the 14th of 
March, when off Charleston, S. C, and is supposed to have been 
lost in some of the severe gales which occurred about that time. 

Dec. 26, 1831, Admiral, then Passed Midshipman, Thatcher 

* The pedigree and genealogy of Admiral Thatcher's ancestors can be found in Paige's 
History of Cambridire, Mas«., edition of 1^11, pa^^es 6G0-70. He says the Thatcher home- 
stead, which was occupied by Deacon Samuel Thatcher, the earliest American ancestor of 
the Admiral, was near the easterly corner of Mount Auburn Street and Coolidire Avenue, 
which until 17-54 was included in Watertown. Tne Admiral's ;,'rundfath«.-r Samuel inherit- 
ed this homestead, wiiich was sold by his heirs to Governor Gerry in 17'J3. Durinu the 
latter part of his life he resided on the westerly corner of Mount' Auburn and Brighton 

Eaton's History of Thomaston, vol. il. pp. 424-5, ed. 1865, has also a geneaiobT of the 
Thatcher family. 

1882.] Thacher'^s Record of Marriages at Milton, 19 

was married, bv the Kev. Josiah Peet, of Norridgewock, Me., to 
Miss Susan C. Croswell, a daughter of Andrew Croswell, M.D., of 
Plymouth, Mass., a graduate of Harvard in the class of 1798, of 
which Admiral Thatcher's flitlier was also a graduate. The mar- 
riage was a happy one, and Mrs. Thatcher with an adopted daugh- 
ter, ]Miss Susan Emerson Thatcher, the child of a sister, survives 
to do honor to, and to cherish his memory. 



Comraunicated by Edward Dovbledat Harris, Esq. 

A Register of Marriages in Miltox from 14 Sept. 1686, to 6 Sept. 
1727. By Rev. Peter Thaciier. 

(Taken out of a Volume of his Diarv, found ^mon? the papers of the Iste Rev. Dr. Peter 
Thac'her, of Boston, his great-grandson. Feb. 1803.) 

Sep* 14, 1686. Richard Hixson was maried to Margeret Wadkins 
both of Milton. 

17 Jan. 1686. Jonathan Gouliver was maried to Mary Robernson of 

Octo. 11, 1687. Thomas Smith maried to Mary Richards, y* man be- 
longed to Cambridge, y® woman belonged to Waymouth. 

Octo. 25, 1687. Nathaniel Stairns of Deadham was maried to Mary 
Raine of Waymouth. 

Octo. 28. Thomas Thair was maried to Mary Pool, y* man belonged 
to Mendam, y^ woman to Braintry. 

Nov. 18, 1687. Joseph Cortas of Dorchester was maried to Mary El- 
line of Milton. 

Dec. 6, 1G87. Samuel White was maried to Anna Biugley Both or 
Way mouth. 

Dec. 12, 1687. John Drake was maried to Sarah King both of Way- 

Feb. 14, 168 J. George Lion was married to Thankful! Badccck both of 

April 2.5, 1683. Thomas Fuller Juni'' was maried to Esther Fisher, 
both of Deadiiam. 

April 27, 1688. Dependance French of Braintry was maried to Re- 
beccah Fen no of Milton. 

May 9, 1638. Samuel Chapin was maried to Mary Ilobart both of 

June 26, 1688. Samuel Deerin was maried to Hannah Farebanks both 
of Deadham. 

Aug' 30, 1688. Nathaneel Wales was maried to Susanah Black both 
of Milton. 

Sept. 27, 1688. Ephraim Tucker was maried to Hannah Gouliver, 
both of Milton. 

October 3, 1688. M' Stand-fast Foster of Dorchester was maried unto 
M-^ Abigail Holman of Milton. 

20 Thachers Record of Marriages at Milton. [Jan. 

Nov. 2, 1688. Thomas Bacon was marled to Rebeccab Bugbej both of 

Dec. lo, 1G88. Nathaniel Wiet of Dorchester was maried to ]Mary 
Corbiu of New-Cambridge. 

Dec. 25, 1G88. Johu "VThiting of Wrenthem was maried to Mary Bil- 
ling of Dorchester. 

Jan. 10, 1688. Israel Nichols was maryed to Mary Sumner of Milton, 
y* man was of Hingham. 

John Paine was maried to Deborah Neall both of Braintrv, y^ were mar- 
ied y" 22 Jan. 1688. 

Jan. 22, 1688. Beujamine Neall was maried to Lidea Payne both of 
brain try. 

Feb. 10, 1688. Timothy Crehore of Milton was maried to Ruth Riol 
of Dorchester. 

Feb. 10, 1688. Charles Redman of Milton was maried to Martha Hill 
of Dorchester. 

Feb. 10, 1688. Thomas Lambe was maried to Thankfull Hill both of 

May 8, 1689. Ebcnezar "Weeks of Dorchester was maried to Deliver- 
ance Sumner of Boston. 

Nov. 25, 1689. Thomas Davis was maried to Abigail Wads worth of 

Dec. 13, 1689. Ebenezer Craine of Milton was marid to Mary Tol- 
man of Dorchester. 

March 25, 1689^j. Gregory Belcher was maried to Elizabeth Rnggles 
both Braintrv. 

June 25, 1690. Samuel Miller of Rehoboth was married to Rebecca 
' Belcher of Dorchester. 

John P^enno Juni"" of Milton was married to Rachel Xewcome of Braintry. 

John Man of Milton was maried to ... . 

Jan. 24, 169^. John Baxter was married to Iluldah Hay ward both of 
Brain try. 

May 2 4, 1693. Jonathan Elmes of Cytuate was married to Patience 
Spur of Dorchester. 

June M, 1693. William Basset was maried to Sarah S wetland both of 

July 6. 1693. John Staaple of Braintry was maried to Jemima Jewit 
of Dorchester. 

Octo. 30, 1693. Samuel King of Sutbury was maried to Abigael Clap 
of Milton. 

Octo. 31, 1693. Joseph Ilaughton of Lancester was maried to Jane 
Vose of ^lilton. 

Nov. 22, 1693. M'' William Blake was maried to M" Hannah Lion 
both of Milton. 

Dec. 25, 1693. Thomas Horton was maried to Susannah Keney, both 
of JNIilton. 

June 5, 1694, Samuel Spear of Braintry was maried to Elizabeth Dan- 
iel of Milton. 

[To be continued.] 

1882.] Early History of Groton^ 31ass, 21 


By Samuel Abbott Greex, M.D. 
Xo. I 

THE town of Groton lies in the north-western part of ]\Iiddle- 
sex County, Massachusetts, and is bounded on the north by 
Pepperell and Dunstable ; on the east by Tyngsborongh and AVest- 
ford ; on the south by Littleton and Ayer ; and on the west by Shir- 
ley and Townsend. The First Parish meeting-house — or " the tall- 
spired church " — is situated in 

Latitude 42' o^V 21 A" north, 
Longitude 71° 3-4' 4" west of Greenwich, 
according to tlie latest observations of the United States Coast Sur- 
vey. It is distant nearly thirty-one miles in a straight line from tlie 
State House at Boston, but by the travelled road it is about thirty- 
four miles. The village of Groton is situated principally on one 
long street, known as .Main Street, which was formerly one of 
the principal thoroughfares between Eastern ^Massachusetts and 
parts of X'^ew Hampshire and A'ermont. The AVorcester and 
X^ashua Railroad passes through it, and traverses the township at 
nearly its greatest length, running perhaps six miles or more within 
its limits. It is reached from Boston by trains on the Fitchburg 
Railroad, connecting with the Worcester and Xashua road at Ayer, 
three miles distant from the village. 

The original grant of the township was made in the spring of 
1655, and gave to the proprietors a tract of land eigh.t miles square ; 
though subsequently this was changed by the General Court, so that 
its shape varied somewhat from tiie first plan. It comprised ail of 
what is now Groton, nearly ail of Pepperell, Shirley and Ayer, 
parts of Harvard and Westtbrd, in ^lassachusetts, and a small por- 
tion of X'asluui, in Xew Hampshire. The present shape of the town 
is very irregular, and all the original boundary lines have been 
changed except where they touch Townsend and Tyngsborough. 

There were two petitions for the plantation of Groton, of which 
one was headed by ^Ir. Deane Winthrop, and the other by Lieuten- 
ant AVilliam ]\Iartln. The first one is not known to be in existence, 
but a contem[)oraneous copy of the second is in the possession of tlie 
Xew England Hi>to)'ic, Genealogical Society. The names append- 
ed to it vary in the style of handwriting, but they do not appear to 
be autographs, and may have been written by the same person. The 
answer to the petition is given officially on the third page of the 
pa})er, and signed by Eilsvard Ii.iwson, secretary of the colony, 
which fact renders it probable that this is the petition actually pre- 


22 Early History of Groton. [J 


sented to the General Court as the original one, after it had been 
copied by a skilful penman. This interesting document was found 
many years ago among the papers of the late Captain Samuel Shep- 
ley, by ]Mr. Charles AVoolley, then of Groton, but now of AValtham, 
and by him given to the Historic, Genealogical Society. It is written 
on the first page of a folio sheet, and the answer to it by the General 
Court appears on the third page of the paper. Near the top of the sheet 
are the marks of stitches, indicating that another paper at one time 
had been fastened to it. Perhaps the petition headed by Deane 
AVinthrop was attached when the colonial secretary wrote the deci- 
sion of the General Court, beginning, " In Ans"" to both theise peti- 
cons." The grant of the plantation was made by the Court of As- 
sistants on the 25th of May, 1655 — as a})pears by this document — 
though subject to the consent of the House of Deputies, which was 
given, in all probability, on the same day. In the absence of other 
evidence, this may be considered the date of the incorporation, which 
fact appears in no other record. 

In early times, as a rule, the proceedings of the General Court 
were not dated day by day, — though there are exceptions to it, — but 
the time of the beginning of the session is always given ; and in the 
printed edition of the "Records" this date," in the absence of any 
other, is frequently carried along without authority. For this rea- 
son it is often impossible to tell the exact day of legislation in the 
early history of the colony. 

A fac-simile of the petition, somewhat reduced, is given on the 
following page, and the answer on page 24. 

To the honored Generall Courte asembled at Boston the humble petion 
of Ys whose names ar here vnder written humbly shoeth 

That where as youre petioners by a prouideoce of god haue beene 
brought ouer in to this wildernes and liued longe here in : and being sum- 
thing straightned for that where by subsistance in an orchnarie waie of 
gods prouidence is to be had, and Cousiddering the a lowance that god giues 
to the sunes of men for such an ende : youre petioners request there fore is 
that you would be pleased to grant vs a place for a plantation vpoQ the 
Riuer that runes from Nashaway in to merimake at a place or a boute a 
place Caled petaupaukett and wabansconcett and youre petioners shall pray 
for youre happy prosedings 

William Martin 
Richard Blood 
Jon:s WITT 
Will 1*31 Lakix 
RrciiARD IIauen 
Timothy Cooper 
John La kin 
John Blood 
Matiiu farkington 
Robert Blood. 

1882.] Early History of Groton. 23 

24 Early Hlstorij of Grotoii. [Jan. 

The petition is written on the first paee of the sheet, and the an- 
swer to it is given on the third page, which runs thus : 

In Alls'" to both theise peticons The Court Judaeth it meete to graunt 
the peticone''s eight miles square in the desirtnl to make a Comfortable 
plantacon wch henceforth shall be Called Groaten formerly knowne bv the 
name of Peta{)awage : that ]\P Damforth of Cauibridge w'^ such as he shall 
Asossiate to him shall and hereby is desired to lay it out wi'h all Conveni- 
ent speede that so no Incouragement may be wanting to the Pcticone's for 
a speedy procuring of a godly minister amongst them. Provided that none 
shall enjoy any part or porcon of that land by guift from the selectmen of 
that place but such who shall build howses on theire lotts so given them 
once w4jin eighteene months from the tjme of the sayd Townes laying out 
or Townes irraunt to such persons ; and for the p'sent M"" Deane "Winthrop 
M'Jn'^ Tinker M' Tho: Hiuckly Dolor Davi*. W"\ Martin Mathew tfar- 
ington John AVitt and Timothy Couper are Appointed the selectmen for the 
sayd Towne of Groaten for one two yeares from the tjme it is layd out, to 
lay out and dispose of particular lotts not exceeding twenty acres to each 
howse lott. And to Order the prudentiall affaires of the place at the end of 
which tyme other selectmen shall be chosen and Appointed in theire 
roomes : the selectmen of Groaton giving 3P Danforth such sattisfactioa for 
his service & paines as they & he shall Agree ; 

The magist' haue past this wi'h reference to the Consent of theire breth- 
eren the depu^s hereto 

25 of May 1655. Edward Eawsox Secrety 

The Deputies Consent hereto William Torrey Cleric. 

^<u*^^ u^ y> M w ^^^/f^ y^ ^ ^<'txJ^ k^<^ ^fv\jy ^^^-y^^^^^z ^■ 

1882.] Early liisiory of Groton, 25 

The entry made in the General Court Records, by Secretary Eaw- 
8on, at the time of the grant, is substantially the same as his en- 
dorsement on this petition, thougli it gives some of the names 
appended to the other petition. It begins as follows : 

" In Ans' to the peticon of M' Deane Winthrop M' Jii° Tiiicker M' The: 
Hinckly &c & of Lieu Wm Martin Timothy Cooper &c The Court Judg- 
eth it meete to Graunt" etc. (iv. 204.) 

The record of the House of Deputies is also practically the same, 
though there are a few verbal discrepancies. It begins : 

"There beinge a pet. pTerd by M"^ Dean Winthrop ISV Tho : Hinckley & 
divers others for a plantation vpon the riuer that Runs from Xashaway into 
Merimacke called petapawage & an other* from some of the Inhabitants of 
Concord for a plantation in the same place to both which the Court returned 
this answer that the Court Thinkes meet to graunt " etc. (iii. 462.) 

The following letter from the Honorable J. Hammond Trumbull, 
whose authority in such matters is unquestioned, gives the mean- 
ing and derivation of the Indian name of the town. 

Hartford, Dec. 22, 1877. 

Mt dear Dr. Green, — PetaupauJcet and Petapaivage are two forms of 
the saaie name, the former having the locative postposition {-et), meaning 
"at" or "on" a place ; and both are corruptions of one or the other of 
two Indian names found at several localities in 2sew Eughmd. From which 
of the two your Groton name came, I cannot decide without some know- 
ledge of the place itself. I leave jou the choice, confident tiiat one or the 
other is the true name. 

"" Pootuppog,'' used by Eliot for "bay," in Joshua, xv. 2, 5, literally 
means "spreading" or "huhjing water," and was employed to designate 
either a local widening of a river makinij still water, or an inlet from a 
river expanding into something like a pond or lake. Hence the name of a 
part of (old) !Suybrook, now Essex, Conn., which v,as variously written 
Pautapaug, Poattapoye^ Potahauge^ and, later, Pettipaug, &c., so designated 
from a spreading cove or inlet from Connecticut River, Pottapovg Pond 
in Dana, Mass., with an outlet to, or rather an inlet from, Chicopee River, 
is probably a form of the same name.* So is "Fort Tobacco," Charles 
County, iNId. (the " Potopaco " of John Smith's map), on t!ie Potomac. 

But there is another Algonkin name from which Petaupauk and some 
similar forms nunj have come, which denotes a swamp, bog, or quagmire, — 
literally, a place into ichixh the foot sinks ; represented by the Chippevvay 
petoheg, a bog or soft marsh, and the Abnaki pott^pavg. There is a Pauti- 
paug (otherwise, Pootapaag. Portipaug, Pafnpogue, &c.) in the town of 
Sprague, Conn., on or near the Shetucket river, which seems to have this 

If there was in (ancient) Groton a pond or spreading cove, connected 
with the Nashua, Squannicook, Nisitisset, or other stream, or a pond-like 
enlargement or '•bulge" of a stream, this may. without nmch doubt, be 
accepted as tlie origin of the name. If there is none such, the name {)roba- 
bly came from some '• watery swamp," like those into which (as the '* Won- 
der Working Providence" relates) the first explorers of Concord " sunke, 
into an uucertaine bottome in water, and waded up to their knees." 

Yours tiuly, J. Hammond Trumbull. 


26 Early History of Groton, [Jan. 

The last sugg-estion tliat the name came from an Algonkin word 
signifying swamp or bog, appears to be tlie correct one. There are 
many bog meadows, of greater or less extent, in ditrerent parts of 
the town. Two of the largest, — one sitnated on the easterly side of 
the village, and known as Half- Moon ^Meadow, and the other on 
the westerly side, and known as Broad Meadow, each containing 
perhaps a hundred acres of land, — are now in a state of successful 
cultivation. Before they were drained and improved, they would 
have been best described as swamps or bogs. 

It is to be regretted that so few of the Indian words have been kept 
to designate towns and other places in Massachusetts. However mucli 
such words may have been twi^sted and distorted by English pronun- 
ciation and misapplication, they furnish now one of the few links 
that connect us with prehistoric times in America. " Nashaway," 
mentioned in the petition, is the old name of Lancaster, though it 
■was often spelled in different ways. Mr. Trumbull has rd^^o iiiven 
us some interesting ficts in regard to this Indian word, which I 
copy from an essay by him in the second volume of the '* Collections 
of the Connecticut Historical Society '' : 

" Nashaul' (Chip[pewa]. nassaiuaii and ashaichci), 'mid-vfay.' or 'be- 
tween,' and with o/tke or auk added, * the land between ' or • the half-way 
place,' — was the name of several localities. The tract on which Laucaster, 
in Worcester County (Mass.), was settled, was 'between' the branches of 
the river, and so it was called ^ Nashaway' or '•Nnshawake^ [naslunie' ; 
and this name was afterwards transferred from the territory to tlie river it 
self. There was another Kasliaicay in Conriecticut. between Qiiinnebau-j:; 
and Five-Mile Rivers in Windham county, and here, too, tlie mutilated 
name of the nashaue-ohhe was transferred, as Ashaicog or Assawog. to the 
Five-Mile River. JS^atcJuiug, in the same county, the name of the eastern 
branch of Shetucket river, belonged originally to the tract ' betweeu ' the 
eastern and western branches; and the Shetucket itself borrows a name 
{nashaue-tuk-ut) from its place ' betweeu ' Yantic and Quiuuebaug rivers." — 
Page 33. 

The town is indebted for its -name to Deane Vv'intlu'op, a son of 
Governor John A\ intluTjp and one of the petitioners for its incorpo- 
ration. He was born at Groton, Suffolk, in Old England ; and the 
love of his native place prompted him to perpetuate its na:ne in 
Kew England. He stands at the head of the first list of select- 
men appointed by the General Court, and for a short time was 
probably a resident of the town. 

A few years befjre this time, Emanuel Downing, of Salem, who 
married Lucy, a sister of Governor John Winthrop, h;id a very l-irge 
farm which he called Groton. It was situated in what was after- 
ward South Danvers, but now Peabody, on the old road leading 
from Lynn to I[)swich, and thus named — says Upham in his " His- 
tory of AVitchcraft " — " in dear remembrance of his wife's ancestral 
home in the old country" (I. 43). Downing subsequently sold it 
to his nephews John Winthrop, Jr., and x\.dam Winthrop, on July 

1882.] Early ITistonj of Groton, 27 

23, 1644, \ylien he speaks of it as "his farme of Groton." The sale 
is duly recorded in tlie Suffolk Registry of Deeds (I. 57). 

Groton in Connecticut — younger than this to\Yn by just half a 
century, and during the Kevolution the scene of the heroic Ledyard's 
death — owes its name also to the Winthrop family. Xew Hamp- 
shire has a Groton in Grafton County, which was called Cocker- 
mouth when first settled in the year 1766. Subsequently, however, 
the name was chani^ed bv an act of the leiiislature, in accordance 
with the unanimous wish of the inhabitants who approved it, on De- 
cember 7, 1796. Some of its early settlers were from HoUis, Xew 
Hampshire, and others from this town. Vermont, also, has a Gro- 
ton, in Caledonia County, which received its charter on October 20, 
1789, thouoh it was settled a short time before. The first comers 
were from Berwick, Maine, and of Scotch descent. Why the town 
was so called I am unable to say, unless it was that the fair fame and 
reputation of the one in Massachusetts had rendered the name aus- 
picious, Xew York, too, has a town called Groton, situated in 
Tompkins County; and Professor ]M. M. Baldwin, in an historical 
sketch of the place, published in the year 1868, gives the reason for 
so naming it. He says : 

" At first, the part of Locke. [Xew York,] thus set off was called Divi- 
sion ; but the next year [1818], it was changed to Groton, on the petition 
of the inhabitants of the town, some of whom had moved from Groton, 
Mass., and some from Groton, Conn., though a few desired the name of 
York."— (Page 8.) 

There is also a town of the name in Erie County, Ohio. 

In the middle of the last century — according to the Register, 
xxiv. 56 7inte, and 60, — there was a place in Ruxbury sometimes 
called Groton. It was a corruption of lireaton, the name of the man 
who kept the "Grey Hound" tavern in that neighborhood. 

Groton in England is an ancient place ; it is the same as the Gro- 
tena of Domesday Book, in which there is a record of the popula- 
tion and wealth of the town, in some detail, at the time of William 
the Conqueror, and also before him, under the Anglo-Saxon King, 
Edward the Confessor. A nearly literal translation of this census- 
return of the year 1086 is as follows : 

" In the time of King Edward [tlie Xhhot of] Saint Edmund held Gro- 
ton for a manor, there being one carucate and a luilf of land. Always [there 
have been] eight villeins and five bordarii [a rather higher sort of serfs ; cot- 
ters]. Always [there has been] one plough in demesne. Always two ploughs 
belotiging to homagers [tenants], and one acre of meadow. AVoodland for 
ten hogs. A mill serviceable in winter. Always one work-horse, six cat- 
tle, and sixteen hogs, and thirty sheep. Two free men of half a carucate of 
land, and they could give away and sell their land. Six bordarii. Always one 
plough, and oi;c acre of niea, low [l^elonLnng to these bordarii]. It was 
then \_L e., under King Edward] worth thirty shillings, and now valued at 
forty. It is seven furlongs in length and four in breadth. In the same, 

$S JEarly History of Groton. [Jan. 

twelve free men, and they have one carucate ; it is worth twenty shillings. 
These men could <xive away and sell their land in the time of the reign of 
King Edward. [The Abbot of] Saint Edmund has the soc, protection and 
servitude. Its gelt is seven pence, but others hold there." 

This extract is taken from the fac-simile reproduction of the part 
of Domesday Book relating to Suffolk (page 158), which was pub- 
lished at the Ordnance Survey Office, Southampton, in the year 
1863. The writing is peculiar and very difficult to decipher. The 
same entry is found, in printed characters, in the se(?ond volume of 
Domesday Book (page 359), published in the year 1783. The text 
is in Latin, and the words are much abbreviated. 

Some idea of the condensed character of the record may be gath- 
ered from the following transcript from the beginning of the account 
of Groton, in which the matter within the brackets is vrhat the Nor- 
man scrivener omitted : "Grotena[m] t[empore] r[egis] e[dvardi] 
ten[uit] S[anc.tus] e[dmundus] p[roJ man[erio]," etc. A caru- 
cate w^as a "plough land,'' or a farm that could be kept under til- 
lage with one plough. It is variously estimated at from twelve acres 
to a hundred. 

It is curious to note the different ways which the early settlers liad 
of spelling the name ; and the same persons took little or no care to 
write it uniformly. Among the documents and papers that I have 
liad occasion to use in compiling a history of the town, I find the 
word spelled in nineteen different ways, viz. : Groton, Grotton, Gro- 
ten, Grotten, Grotin, Groaten, Groaton, Groatton, Grooton, Gror- 
ton, Grouton, Gruughton, Growton, Growtin, Groyton, Grauton, 
Grawten, Grawton, and Croaton. From the old orthography of 
the word, or rather want of it, it may be inferred tliat formerly its 
pronunciation varied ; but at the present time natives of the t(jwn 
and those " to the manner born " {)ronounce It as if spelled Graw- 
ton. This method appears to hold good in England, as the Keverend 
Jolm W. Wayman, rector of the parent town, writes me, under 
date of August 13, 1^79, that "The local pronunciation is decided- 
ly Graw-ton. * The name of the parish is described in old records as 
Grotton, or Growton," I learn from trustworthy correspondents in 
the American towns of the name, that the common pronunciation of 
the word in each one of them is Graw-ton. 

The following paragraph is taken from the '' Groton ^lercury " of 
June, 1851, a monthly news[)aper edited by the late George Henry 
Brown, post-master at that time : 

" We have noticed amongst the mass of letters received at our Post Office 
the word Guoton spelled in the foll(;u'ing ditferent ways: Grotton, Graw- 
ton, Gratoii, Grotovvn. Groutown, Growtown, Growtan, Grouten, Grow- 
ton, Gratan, Grattan, Grewtoii, Grothan, Graten, Groten, Grouton." 

1882.] Montresor's Journal — -from Quebec across Maine, 29 

LT. joiiy :moxtresor'S journal of ax expe- 


Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of Oxford, England. 

^P'lIIS expedition across Maine had for its secret ouject, as Lt. 
jL Montresor mentions in a note in his MS. Journal, the " fixing 
the plan for tlie Junction of the Army at ^Montreal." In the fol- 
lowing year (17G1) the same othcer led another expedition into 
Maine " to the unexplored Lands between Canada and Fort Hali- 
fax on Kennebec River, with a party of Savages." This time they 
started from Quebec in June. Lt. Montresor kept a journal on 
this occasion, which eventually, in an imperfect condition, fell into 
the possession of Aaron Burr, wlio accompanied Colonel Benedict 
Arnold in 1775 across ]Maine with a detachment of 1100 picked 
men. Tlie journal was of much use to Arnold in guiding him 
through the wilderness to Canada, and was in 1830 published by 
the Maine Historical Society in the first volume of their Historical 

Journal of a march mideriahen in Winter on Snow- Shoes from Quebec the 
Capital of Canada to the frst settlements of Xeio- England on the River 
Ammerascaegin near Brunswick Fort, Bg order of his Excellency Briga- 
dier General Murray^ commanding his Majesty s Troops in Canada. 

January 26, 17 GO. I embarked from Quebec in Canoes with an escort 
of One Officer, two Sergeants and 10 Rangers, with verbal Dispatches from 
Brigadier General ^lurray to his Excellency Major General Amherst, Gen- 
eral and Commamler in Chief of all b's Majesty's Forces in North America. 
Crossed the river St. Lawrence and disembarked at Point des peres on the 
South shore, and there communicated my orders concerning the Route, 
unto the Officer of the Party : it beini:^ late I marched two miles into tlio 
woods and there encamped. Course South by East. Total of miles 2, 
weather good but extremely Cold. Produce small Evergreens and un- 

January 27th. Marched at Break of day directing my Course towards the 
River Ettecliemains, on crossing a road I was discovered by a woman to 
whom I told that I v/as steering for the concessions of the village of St. 
Charles, but believed I had mistaken the road. I continued my course as be- 
fore, and was again discovered on crossing another road by people in a sleigh : 
they seemed surprised at first to see my party, and on my approaching them 
they drove with all spet-d to the Village of St. Nicholas. Course South. 
Total of 2Jile3, 12. Weather bad. A great fall of Snow. Produce Hem- 
lock, Spruce, Birch, &c. &.c. 

January 28Lh. 3Iarcheu at Day-Break* — passed a large Desart that con- 
tinues its course to the River St. Lawrence, about 12 o'clock. Its breadth 
about 3 miles over. inc]u<liiig some small copses. At 4 o'clock in the af- 
ternoon passed over a large Beaver Pond, during which time I heard one 
hunter give a Yell, which was answered by another, supposhig them to 

30 Montrcsors Journal — -from Quebec acrosfi Elaine, [Jan. 

have been Indians and Canadians that had been watching: their sable traps, 
which they find at all times by placing them in a Line and blazing the 
Trees. Total of miles. 10. Course South. Weather severe. The Snov;^ 
being new fallen and light, which made the travelling dithcult. together 
with the multiplicity of logs, covered with snow, besides a great Quantity of 

January 29th. Proceeded on my march at sunrise, and about 10 
o'clock found that I had arrived near the Centre of the village of St. 
Charles, having struck one mile to the westward of the Church, an I as I 
could not conveniently continue my course without going through the vil- 
lage, I agreed to risque the passing of it and it would also answer the account 
I had given to the inhabitants at disembarking on the South Shore, that I 
was intended for '• the Concessions of St. Charles by order of the Gover- 
nor to settle the Taxes of the Corn-mills to be distributed to the distressed 
Acadiaus that inhabit the Lauds belonging to Madame Plan." Crossed 
the river Boyes or Durantaie, directed my course into the woods five miles 
distant and encamped at S. S. W. to avoid the settlements. Total of miles 
10. Weather favourable. Produce Birch, Beech, Firs, ]Maple, &c. c^,:c. 

January 30th. At break of day continued my March directing my Course 
towards the River Ettechemains, passed over at 9 o'clock a very high moun- 
tain which atforded an extensive view of the Saguenay and Cape Torment 
mountains. The travelling ditficult, occasioned by the Quantity of under- 
wood. Encamped six miles to the Eastward of the River Ettechemains. 
Course South. Total of miles 16, weather fair, but excessive cold. Pro- 
duce black birch, Spruce, Pines. Small cedar. Hemlock, &c. &c. 

January 31st. Marched 6 miles and arrived at the River Ettechemains 
at 10 o'clock (breadth 50 yards), from the River followed a S. S. E. course 
for 5 miles, and encamped near a Beaver Pond. Course the 1st C miles 
S., the next 5 miles S. S. E. Total of miles 11. The weather Cold and 
snow light. Produce Evergreens, &c. &c. 

February 1st. Continued my route as usual at Break of Day and kept 
our course to strike the River Chaudiere and to avoid going near the vil- 
lage of Nouvelles Basses, and if possible to arrive near the Forks of the 
River. Course South, weather severe and the travelling ditficult. Total 
of miles 13. Produce Birch, Maple and Evergreens, &c. &c. 

February 2nd. Began to march, the sun half an hour high, and directed 
my course to the westward of South. After continuing that Course about 
6 miles and passing through a large Indian Encampment of last autumn, I 
struck close upon one of the southernmost settlements of the village of 
Nouvelles Basses, where the whole party heard the yell of an Indian, and 
thinking soon to be discovered by our track, I directed my course Ea>t 3 miles, 
then South by West one mile and h Marched most of tiie night over some 
of the Barren lands — rather mountains — in a direction for the River, and 
guided myself by the evening star, as a v/estern course by the circle I had made 
must intersect the riv^er near a straight line. Marched this night 7 miles. 
I encamped within 2 miles and \ of the River. I was obliged to have the 
fire built with what loose wood and bou'dis that could be sot without cut- 
ting, as felling of Timber may be heard near two miles. Course variable 
as per above. Total of ]MiIes 19. Weather clear and extreamely Cold. 
Prt^duce Ma[;le, Spruce, Pine and Evergreens, &c. &c. 

February 3rd. Decamped at day Break and Marched 3 miles before I 
struck the River Chaudiere by a southern course and marched on it 14 
miles and encamped on the East Side, and observed several fresh tracks of 

1882.] Montresors Journal — from Quebec across Maine. 31 

Indian Hunters both to and from the West side. Course South. Total of 
miles 17. Weather tine. Produce Evergreens. IMaple, Beech, &c. &c. 

February 4th. ^Marched at break of Day and Continued the whole day 
on the river. Prodigious heavy travelling occasioned by the power of the 
sun thawing the crust on the snow. Passed the Fork forming the North 
and South Branch. I missed three of my party from fatigue 8 miles above 
the Falls. Encamped on the East Side. Course South by West. Total 
of miles 17. Weather moderate. Produce small white Birch and Ever- 
greens, &c. 

February 5th. I decamped at the dawn of day and proceeded still on 
the River Chaudiere running very serpentine and beginning to diminish 
very apparently in its Breadth. Course near South. Total of miles 10. 
Weather too open. Produce IMaple, Beech, Red Oak and young Cedars. 
A thaw, heavy travelling, the Snow shoes balling. 

February 6th. Continued this day's INXarch on the river, which began 
to be open from side to side. Depth of water 5 feet, which obliged me to 
march on its Borders which were ditficult to pass, for the Trees that had 
fallen and the great quantity of small craggy cedars that almost intercepted 
my Progress, together with the surprising meandering of this South Branch 
which greatly perplexed me. The land poor and stony. Passed through 
several ridges or Chains of mountains during this day's march. Course S. 
Total of miles 19. VV'eather moderate. Produce small cedars. Poplars, 
Birch and Evergreens, &c. &c. 

February 7th. I marched at day break on the west Bank of the river 
(it being very open, shallow and full of Reefs). The East Bank appear- 
ing very steep, the travelling ditlicult, as woods are generally very irregu- 
lar on Borders of Rivers, particularly on poor lands, as the greater part of 
this day's March has atlbrded us. After marching -4 miles I arrived on Lake 
St. Augustine or the Amaguntic Pond. I marched upon it directing my 
course S. W. to a point of Land projecting in the west Side of the Lake, 
3 miles from the South Branch, from thence proceeded S. by E. a straight 
line with the westermost Notch in a cluster or small range of mountains 
appearing very blue, and by supposition seemed to be about 20 miles from 
the South end of the lake, from this Point I marched One mile and en- 
camped on the opposite side near a Brook. The Mountains seemed to 
appear in One Chain almost semi-circular and the land began to rise per- 
ceptably. The first day that my Party fell short of Provisions. Course 
variable as above mentioned. Total of miles 8. Weather stormy and 
cold and the snow drifting. Produce black birch and Evergreens. 

February 8th. Proceeded at dawn of Day from the e^h^P: of the Lake 
immediately into the mountains, crossed over the Brook 3 times, 20 yards 
in Breadth. This Brook runs into the Amaguntic Lake. Course South 
for the whole day and encamped in the mountains. Total of miles 12. In 
distress for provisions. Weather severe. Produce large Black Birch, red 
Cedars and Maple with Evergreens. 

February 9th. On the day appearing I continued my Course through 
the mountains which were very steep. At 12 o'clock I ordered one of my 
party to climb up a lofty Poplar on the South .Side of a mountain to ob- 
serve how the xsotch bore, which was South. This is an Indian Custom 
very often necessary and frequently followed. From the N. part of this 
mountain a great extent of valley may be seen. Travelled over s.everal 
Brooks, the streams running Easterly, and our course South throughout 
Thursday. Total of miles 15. The weather very severe. Produce Black 

32 Montrcsor's Journal — -from Quebec across Maine. [Jau. 

birch. Dry Cedars, Maple, Spruce, Hemlock. I encamped at the foot of a 
mountain near a small brook and detached two hunters down it, without 

February 10th. At dawn of day continued my march through the moun- 
tains and at 12 o'clock cleared the Notch or Break, btill keeping a direct 
course which obliged me to pass over several steep ^Mountains during this 
Day's ]March notwithstanding there was a valley running Southerly covered 
with mossy Spruce, Pines and short Hemlock, which I did not venture to 
proceed on as it might alter my course upon clearing the Notch. I left to 
the Eastward a remarkable high sugar loaf ]Mountain, and marched 4 miles 
in the Bottom to a Beaver Pond \ a mile in length and a ^ in Breadth, its 
Borders covered with Evergreens. Marched along this Pond to a small 
Brook running from it Southerly, which was the Jirst proof of my having 
passed the height of land from which the N. and S. Streams take their 
course. Course S. by E. The weather moderate in the day but very cold 
at Night. Total of miles 16. Produce lofty mossy Spruces, Rotten Hem- 
locks and Evergreens. Party very faint for want of food. 

February 11th. Just before day I detached the orficer of the rangers and 
the best traveller (Imagining by this time from his account to have been on 
a Branch of the River Kennebec) to Fort Halifax to the Commanding olh- 
cer to detach a party with some Provisions for our Relief as mine were 
drove to great necessity owing to their own mismanagement. At 8 o'clock 
this morning I proceeded after them, following their Tracks which broke 
the path for us in the snow and greatly contributed to facilitate our Pro- 
gress, Continued on the same creek for the whole day. The Sun being 
powerful made the travelling very heavy. Two rangers of my Party of 
the o I missed on the river Chaudiere joined me. having left one man frost- 
ed past recovery : being capable of moving only on his hands and feet. 
Encamped on the AVest side of the Creek (30 yards in Brea<lth). Course 
South. Total of miles 10. Weather severe. Produce white Birch, black 
spruce and Hemlock, &c. The party shot small birds and eat them raw on 
the spot. 

February 12th. At dawn of day continued my March on the Creek 
whicli I found very serpentine and encreasing on its breadth, the Land fall- 
ing very sudden, many falls in this creek, the course to the westward of 
South to its mouth, that empties itself into a Pond or Lake called the Great 
Chaudiere, to the great disappointment of my Party that were in such P2x- 
pectations of being so speedily relieved. Upon arriving some distance on 
the Lake I heard the report of a Fusil, which I answered, suppoing it to be 
the otiicer of the Party and found it to be so, on arriving at an Island about 
3 parts over where he had kindled a fire. The weather very wet. Course 
on the Lake South. Total of miles 11. Produce Evergreens. The Party 
Broiled their mocassins and snow shoe strings and eat alder berries, 
which purged us violently. 

February 13th. I decamped at daylight and marched from the Island 
over the rest of the Lake 4 miles, a S. course towards a very sudden break 
to the Eastward of that chain or rid^re of ^fountains to the S. end of the 
Lake. I crossed the Portage to the little Chaudiere Lake 2^ miles, the 
ground sloping gradually (still oljserving the same course). On arriving 
on the Lake, I took the bearing of a Notch or Break in the ^lountains, 
whose dt.'ciivities lap one before the other, shewing the course of a small 
run of Water that 'tis said runs into the river Kennebec. 1 crossed the Lake 
being 2 Miles in Breadth, and proceeded on the carrying Place 2 miles 

1882.] Montrcsor's Journal — -from Quebec across jSIaine. 33 

more and encamped near a brook or Branch whose stream rose to the 
westward, between the 2 high mountains. The Course rather too much 
to the westward of South. The weather intense. Total of miles 10 J. 
Produce Black Birch, Spruce, Pine, small Cedars and Hemlock, &c. &c. 

February 14th. On daylight a[)pearing I decamped and without follow- 
ing the stream or rann;e of the mountains, I kept my usual directions South 
rather to the Eastward of it over a cluster of mountains, still attempting to 
strike that branch that ran into the Kennebec river, being certain that I 
had directed my course too much to the westward of the Route across the 
Portage. Marched through the Mountains 3 miles (the weather very 
severe) to a smidl spring running near ray Course, which I followed 9 
miles. Encamped 1 mile below a Steep fall, on the east side. My party 
were reduced so that they were scarce able to reach their Encampment, 
which I had formed always One hour before sunset. Several got sick eat- 
ing of alder Berries. Continued eating their Moccassins and Builet 
Pouches, snow-shoe Netting and strings. Course South by P^ast. Weather 
more moderate. Total of miles 12. Produce Beech, Ash, small Elms and 
Maple, &c. 

February loth. Before daylight appeared I detached the OlHcer and 
One Ranger (the best traveller) otfering a good reward to the latter, to pro- 
ceed immediately to the settlements at the Fort, to send us Provisions, 
as we were almost famished. Soon after I marched and continued on the 
River 4 miles to some Falls of water, from thence 5 miles to the next falls 
and encamped One ^ miles beyond. The land this day's march extremely 
good. Course S. by E. The weather more moderate. Total of miles 10 J. 
Produce Hickory, Oak, Maple and Beech, &c. Coming down the last 
falls shot a sable which had been with others devouring a drowned deer, 
part of which proved entirely sweet, we cut it out of the Falls with the 
Tomahawks, and satisfied 5 of us for one meal. The land very good and 
falling otF very sudden. "We eat the sable immediately. The party re- 
duced to eat their leather Breeches and raw Woodpeckers. 

February ICth. Decamped \ an hour before Day and Marched only 2 
miles on this North Branch before I arrived at Ammerascagin River run- 
ning to the Eastward of South, where the Branch empties itself into the 
River is 45 yards in Breadth and the River 60 yards. Observed a remark- 
able Reef very rapid on this River loO yards above the mouth of the North 
Branch. Tiie Land very gooil. particularly the level Lands and Bottom. 
Marched on th^ river 13 miles. Course Southerly. Total of miles 15. 
The weather severe, which set in with the new season. Every body ready to 
drop for food, began eating their Bullet ^touches and Belts. Produce white 
Birch ; white, red and black Oak, Beech, Ma[)le and Flickory. <Scc. 

February 17th. Marched before Daylight this day — passed several 
Reefs or Raplings (rather rapid) also several large Islands, the breadth of 
the River encreased to 200 yards. These Islands are extreame good lands 
producing large timber, good walnut, hickory. Beech and Elms. Encamp- 
ed on the East side, near a large Reef and nigh an old Indian Settlement 
called Roguemecook. Total of miles 24. Course S. by W. The weather 
very severe at night. IMissed three of my Party. 

February 18th. At Dawn of Day proceeded with ail dispatch. Marched 
this day by or 7 long Reefs. Two out of the three that I missed last 
night joined me, havirjg remained behind partly through fatigue and to 
assist a man much frosted and incapable then of marching. Encamped 

VOL, XXXI y. 4 

34 Montresors Journal — -from Quebec across Maine. [Jan. 

then on the East side. Total of Miles 16. The weather severe. Course 
Southerly. Produce white Birch, cl-c. &c. 

February 19th. At sunrise continued my journey. The nights and morn- 
ings extremely cold. Passed 2 or 3 long reefs at about 1 mile distance from 
cue another which are always open, owing to the Rapidity and Shoalness 
of the Water. Encamped on the E. side 1.^ miles to the Southwards of 
the great falls of Ammerascaegin River. These falls have 2 re2;ular 
ledges — the upper one 15 feet in height, the lower one 25. Tutal of miles 
14. The weather good. Course S. by E. Produce Evergreens, Maple, 
Beech, Pitch Pines and Cedars. 

February 20th. Proceeded on my march at Break of Day, the sun 
being powerful made the travelling become very difficult. At 1 o'clock 
after having travelled 9 miles, I saw 2 men marching towards me, which 
proved to be 2 Inhabitants sent out from the frontier house of the Town- 
ship of Topsham with some Provisions (by the Officer of Rangers that ar- 
rived there this morning), to the great joy of my Party. After refreshing 
themselves I marched on 9 miles more and arrived after it was dark at 
Topsham. One of the Inhabitants I sent back to relieve one of my Party 
frosted above the iireat falls of the Ammerascaeiiiu River. 

o o 

The 5 Difficulties I had to encounter in this undertaking, 17G0 — 
1st. The Knowledge of the Country, unknown but to Savages and those 
but few. 2ud. The Danger of the Enemy — the whole Country in a man- 
ner in arms against us. ord. The severity of the Climate — the rudest sea- 
son and in so inhospitable a Latitude. 4th. The want of Provisions, as 
nothing to be subsisted on but which must be carried on our backs. 5th. The 
extent and fatigue of the Excursion, being from the River St. Lawrence 
to the Atlantick Ocean. 

N. B. Together with the prospect I had before me of Lieut. John But- 
ler's having already failed in the attempt.* 

Sunday, February 24th. Arrived at Haverhill on New Berry river and 
remained at the Governor's. 

Tuesday. 2Gth. Halted. Wednesday, 27th. Arrived at Dr. Ames at 
Dedham, 16 miles. Thursday, 28th. Arrived at Hunts a Tavern at Re- 
hobuth, 38 miles. Friday, 29 ih. Arrived at Newport, 23 miles. Dismiss- 
ed my four horses and Guides and hired a Sloop for New- York. Saturday, 
March 1st. At 2 o'clock this morning set sail for New- York. March 3d. 
Landed on Lonjj Island three miles above Flushing, and arrived at New- 
York. Delivered Brig. Gen. Murray's Orders, given to me verbally in 
Canada, unto Major General Amherst, Commander in Chief of his Majes- 
ty's forces in North-america. Delivered my Dispatches to him in writing, 
article by article, which I Committed to Paper on my arrival into the Fron- 
tier settlements of New-England in order to refresh my memory. Not 
signed, as Brig. ^Murray directed me to give the Commander in Chief as 
exact an account of the whole state of the Garrison (Exclusive of his orders 
already communicated to me), as far as I knew. I wrote down several ar- 
ticles, jointly with his orders that I recalled to mind on my arrival at the 
. settlement at Topsham in New-Hampshire [Maine]. I siguitied of my own 
accord to the Commander in Chief that I believed the Garrison of Quebec 
would expect some tools from the Continent, which they would be in need 
of, particularly cutting tools, grind stont^s, &c. He replied that they would 
be supplied by the storeship from England. 

March 17tb. Delivered a letter to Capt. Jarvis of the Albany Sloop of 
♦ See Note at the end of this article. 

\ 697379 

1882.] Montrcsors Journal — from Quebec across Maine. 35 

war, for the Hon'ble Board of Ordnance, dated March 11, 17 GO, concerning 
my route from Quebec to this place, and that I should send them a Journal 
and Chart of the same by the next opportunity. 

March 2od. Gave the Commander in Chief a Journal and plan of my 
route to a scale of 8 miles to an inch. Distances computed. 

April 3d. Waited on the Com'r in Chief and acquainted him of my in- 
tention of setting out in a few days for Quebec, as Brig. Gen. ^Murray would 
expect me to return early (by the arrival of the lleet before Halifox). On 
which the ComV in Chief gave me the following verbal orders viz.. •' That 
you must remain here some time yet, as all my Dispatches for that district I 
shall send by you." 

April 7th. Wrote to Brig. Gen. Murray and enclosed my letters to 
Charles Paxton, Esq., By the opportunity of the Boston Post. 

April 9th. This day the Com'r in Chief gave me orders to hold myself 
in readiness to depart to Quebec in two or three days, if tlie Packet should 
Dot arrive at New- York, as he should not wait much longer. 

April 13th. This day was sent for by the Com'r in Chief, who acquaint- 
ed me " that 'twould not be long before he sliould dispatch me. and that it 
would be my best way to proceed by way of Boston as the best Port to set 
out from, and that Mr. Hancock would give me the proper assistance, and 
in case there should not be any vessels immediately iiound to Quebec, to 
proceed to Louisbourg where I might meet a ship of war bound up the 
River St. Lawrence. He told me that he had been speaking with Capt. 
Loring in regard to the building of boats for Quebec, and found 'twas too 
late and that there would be no great necessity, as when the fleet got up 
there would be a suthcienc}" of Boats, and for flat bottomed boats must be 
expected from England. And for vessels of the lighter construction for 
transporting the provisions that Brig. Gen. Murray must make use of the 
Cattle vessels from the Continent. 

April ICth. Received the Com'r in Chiefs dispatches for Quebec at 2 
o'clock. At 4 o'clock waited on him and received his verbal and written 
Dispatches to be communicated to Brig. Gen. Murray. At 6 o'clock set 
out for Boston. Rode 10 miles to the '• "White Horse." 

April 17th. Laid this night at Norwalk in the province of Connecticut, 
47 miles. 

April 18th. Laid at New Haven, 35 miles. 

April 23d. I arrived at Boston and waited on Mr. Hancock and signi- 
fied to him Mr. xVmherst's Instructions of his forwarding me immediately 
by the first vessel to Quebec. 

25th April. Wrote to INIr. Amherst and to the Chief Engineer [his 
father, Colonel James Gabriel Montresor, who was then in America]. 

April 28th. Set sail for Quebec, arrived this evening in Nantasket. 

30th. Set sail for Quebec from Nantasket. 

May Gth. I arrived this night at Louisbourg. 

14th. Set sail from Louisbourg for Quebec in Company with 11 other 
sloops and schooners bound for that place. Left at 4 o'clock in the morn- 
ing. The same evening arrived off Cape North. 

13th. This evening went on board the Schooner Success for Quebec 
with four of the recovered men of the 4.Sth which I took on board with 
arms and ammunition. 

15th. Passed through the Bird Islands in a fog. 

IGth. Arrived off Gaspee and within 8 leagues of Cape Rosiers. Be- 
calmed this evening. 

May 2Uth. Arrived at Quebec. 

36 . Rev, Thomas Welch's Letter, 1643. [Jan. 


The following letter from Lt. Moutresor to Capt. Hazen, throws a little 
light upon the failure of Lt. Butler's Expedition, alluded to above. 

Quebec. July 9th, 17 GO. 
Sir — In answer to yours I received this morning in regard to Mr. But- 
ler's conduct on his attempt of passing the country, I was told without my 
asking that he never was pursued by the Enemy as he represented to Brig- 
adier General Murray, was the cause of his return. My authors were two 
of his party then, afterwards of mine to New-EngUmd, Sharp and Green- 
ough. You signitie to me in yours, that you'd be glad to know his Crime 
from me, as I must aj^pear as an P^vidence asjainst him. I (thank God) I 
have no connection with him, and as to his Crime. Greenough is sufiicient, 
as he was present with him. For my part I can only aver that he was one 
of my authors and one should imagine that Mr. Butler would not contra- 
dict a foct so glaring, though I should be the last man to make that suppo- 
sition after being obliged to be acquainted with him so long a term as live 
weeks. I am your most humble servant. 

To Capt. Hazen. John Moxtresor. 


Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

THOMAS WELDE received in 1613 the degree of B.A. at 
Trinity College, England, where he was educated, and tint of 
M.A. from the same institution, five years after, in 1618. He was 
for a time minister at Terling, in Essex, "but not submitting to the 
cerem.onies, the place was too hot for him, and he was forced to quit 
it and go over to Xew England."* He arrived at Boston June 5, 
1632, and in Julv followin": took cliary-e as the first minister of the 
first church in Roxbury, Mass. In the succeeding November John 
Eliot was settled with him as a colleague. Mr. Welde, in 
1637, as one of the strong and persistent opposers of Anne Hutch- 
inson, distinguished himself, and in his preface to the second edition 
of AVinthrop's '^ Antlnomians and Familists Condemned," publish- 
ed under the title of "A Short Story of the Rise, Reign and Ruin 
of the Antinomians," endorses the views of the Governor. 

The body of the work just cited, as well as the preface which bears 
his signature, has been attributed to Mr. Welde himself, though he 
states distinctly in his address " To the Reader" that he found it in 
print. The question of its authorship has been discussed by J. 
AVingate Thornton, Esq., under the pseudonym of " Hutchinson," 
in the Historical ^Magazine, i. 321 ; ii. 170, and the Hon. James 
Savage in that periodical, ii. 22, as also in lils Genealogical Dic- 
tionary, iv. '156-473. ^Ir. Savage in the last work gives the result 

• Palmer's Calaray's Nonconformists' Memorial, i. 492. 

1882.] Rev, Thomas Welde's Letter, 1643. 37 

of a minnte typograpliical comparison of the " Antinomians and 
Familists " with the " Short Story," for the purpose of ascertaining 
whicli was issued first. That very little can be determined by such 
a comparison is evident from a collation of the typographical varia- 
tions in ten different editions of Bacon's Essays, edition of 1625, by 
William Aldis AVright, ]\1.A., printed on pages 420 to 428 of his 
edition of that work. The differences are numerous, and no two 
copies are exactly alike typographically. The ten copies have two 
different title-pages. Errors in copies with the first title-page are 
found corrected in those with the second, and vice versa. Mr. 
"VVrio;ht remarks conceruins^ these variations : 

"They throw light upon the manner in winch books passed through the 

press in Bacon's time The cause of these differences it is not dilHcult 

to conjecture. Corrections were made while the sheets were printed off, 
and the corrected aud uncorrected sheets were afterwards bound up indis- 
criminately. . . . Instances occur in wliich a sheet appears in three different 
stages ; one with two errata on one pa2;e, a second with one of the errata 
corrected, and a third with both corrected."* 

The same manner of printing no doubt was in use in 1644, and 
it is not surprising that ^Ir. Savage found some errors in the book 
with Mr. Welde's preface, which were not there as previously pub- 
lished. It will be remembered that the " Short Story " was not a 
reprint, but a reissue of the same work with a new title-page and 
additions. Mr. AVelue, in his address "To the Reader," preced- 
ing ^' The Preface " referred to, says : 

" I meeting with this Book [the first edition] newly come forth of the 
Presse, and being earnestly pressed by diverse to perfect it, by laying down 
the order and sense of this story, (which in the Book is omitted) Though 
for mine owne part, I was more slow unto it; not as ii' I think it contaiiis 
any thing but truth ; but because tlie names of some parties, that a(.'ted in 
our troubles, that huve, since that time, (I hope) repented, and so God hav- 
ing pardoned their sins in Heaven, I should have been loath to have re- 
\ived them on earth. But considering that their names are alr€?ady in print 
without any act of mine, and that the necessity of the times calls for it, and 
its requisite that God's great works should be made knowne ; I there- 
fore, in a straite of time, not having had many houres, have drawne up this 
follovring Preface, and prefixed hereunto, with some additions to the con- 
clusion of the Book. I commend thy selfe and this to the blessing of God. 

T. W."t 

The letter which follovrs, in this article, and now probably for 
the first time printed, was written in 1643, the year previous to 
the date of the two editions of Winthrop's book. 

In 1639, in conjunction with Kichard iNlather and John Eliot, ^Ir. 
TVelde wrote a metrical version (jf the psalms, these three having been 
appointe<l to that duty by the magistrates and ministers who had 

* Wri.-hff E lion's E^s.iv^ (Carnbrid^'c and London, 1802), p. 420. 

t So- tli-toncai Ma-aziiie, i. 321-324. 


38 Bev. Thomas Welde's Letter, 1643. [Jan. 

agreed to discontinue the use of the old version printed at the end of 
the Bibles. He was the author of " An Answer to W. K/s [William 
Rutherford] Narration of the Opinions and Practices of the X. E. 
Churches," 1G44. "He, with 3 others, wrote the Perfect Pharisee 
under Monkish Holiness," against tlie Quakers. Also, with Mr. 
Samuel Hammond, &c., was concerned in a tract entitled " A False 
Jew, &c., upon the discovery of a Scot, who first pretended to be 
a Jew, and then a Baptist, and was found a Cheat." His " Inno- 
cency Cleared" will be found in tliis number of the Pegister. 

In 1641 ^Ir. AVelde was sent, with Hugh Peters and William 
Hibbins, to England as agents of the Colony of Massachusetts, as 
will be seen by a reference to the Colony Records, I. 332. " June 
2, 1041. The Court doth intreat leave of the church of Salem for 
M' Peters, of the church of Roxberry for M' Wells, & of the church 
of Boston for ]\P Hibbens, to go for England upon some weighty 
occations for the good of the country, as is conceived." 

It appears to have been the intention of Mr. Welde and his com- 
panion Mr. Peters, to have returned home in the summer of 1643, 
but the ship coming hither so late in the season they dared not risk 
a winters voyage, but were content, as he says, " to tarry one six 
moenths longer." 

Eighteen days before the date of this letter, our Colony Records 
inform us (ii. 41) that "12 writings were dehv'ed my bro: Tyng, 
W^ came fro"" M' Peters & INP Wells." The same volume states 
(Oct. 1, 1645, page 137) that " the Cort thinketh it meete y' 'M' 
Peet" & !M' Weld being sent ov' as p'sons fit to negotciate for y^ 
country, haveing been long absent, desire they may und'stand the 
Co'ts mind y*they desire their p'sence here, & speedy returne." ]Mr. 
Hibbins had previously returned in 1642. (Drake's Boston, 253.) 
Hugh Peters was executed at Charing Cross in London, Oct. 16, 
1660. ]Mr. Welde settled in the ministry at St. Mary's church, 
Gateshead, in the county of Durham, where he officiated probably 
till his death, or very near it. 

The Roxbury Church Records (page 253) have the following 
entry, in the hand-writing: of the Rev. Samuel Danforth : " ?y[arch 
23 (60) m'" Thomas Welde, sometime Pastor to this Church, dyed 
in London." If this date, ^larch 23, 1660-1, is correct, the state- 
ment in the Nonconformists' ^lemorial that he was ejected, in 1662, 
must be erroneous. 

Mr. ^\'elde's letter was written at an important period in the his- 
tory of England, during the unquiet reign of Charles the First, 
when the condition of the kingdom was, as Mr. Welde expresses it, 
''upon the vertical point," and the lovers of their country, in both 
hemispheres, were suffering intensely in behalf of their native land. 

Capt. Stoughton, spoken of, was Israel Stoughton, who came 
home in 1643, but returned soon after and devoted himself energeti- 
callv to the interests of the Parliament. He served as Lieutenant 

1882.] Bev. Thomas Welch's Letter, 1643. 39 

Colonel under Rainsboro', and died at Lincoln, England, in 1615. 
Register, iv. 51 ; Hist. Dorchester, So. 

INIuch Honored, & Revereud, Fathers & Bretheren. 

Little did we thinke when we j/sented you w^^ o"" Last y^ we should Lave 
written any more letters, but that o'' owue p''sence should have saved that 
Labour, for we were resolved fully, tho: hiudred by Providence then, to 
have followed this sufner, as o"" letters did expresse. But God, in whose 
hands o'" times &, lives are, hath cast it otherwise at p'sent ; for this ship 
comiufj out so exceedinor late we dare not ventere o''owne& o'' wives healths 
& lives in a winter voyage. And the p'"sent condition of this kingdome, y^ 
is now upon the Yerticall point, together w^^ y^ incredible importunities of 
very many godly Persons, great & smale (who hapily conceive we by o"" 
p^^sence doe more good here, then we o^'selves dare imagine y^ we doe) have 
made us, after many various thoughts, much agitation, & consultation w'^ 
god, & men, vnwillingly willing to venter o'selves upou Gods Providence 
here, & be content to tarry one six moenths longer from yr & o'' churches 
most desired p''sence with whom o' hearts are, w^hout the least wavering, 
fixed; Things can not long stand at this passe here, as now, but will speedily 
be better or worse, If better, we shall not repent us to have bene specta- 
tours & furtherers of o'' Deare Cuntries good, & to be happy messingers of 
y* good newes thereof vnto you. If worse, we are like to bring thousands 
\v'^ us to you. 

If yr selves were here & favor all things as they stand, & hard all argura'^ 
on both sides, w^e p'"sume you would advise, at p^seiit, not to disert the cause 
of Christ, & discourage so many i 000'^^ at once, as will (say they) be weak- 
ned by o'" departure ; The greatest Venter is o' owne, but the Lord Jesas, 
whom we seeke herein, whose ©'"selves, tallents & lives are. is able to carry 
us on Eagles wings, by the helpe of yr praiers, above all dangers & feares 
& bring us sally into yr bosomes w*'"^ a blessing by y^ next Opportunity. 
A\'e humbly intreate y^ these letters, pervsed by y'' selves, may be sent to o"" 
churches, wanting time to write severally vnto them. 

The Passages of all the last newes, since Capt Stoughton came away we 
have sent to yr vewe together w'^ the I'er y' you may see what abundant 
cause you, all, have to power out yr soules, & sett y^ churches a worke also, 
for y° bleeding estate of yr deare native Country, & y' y^ wounded, sick, 
prisoned, starved, vndone condition of many 1000'^* of pretious Saints there- 
in, y* lie this day vnder the mercies of men as cruell as Devills theaiselves: 
Thus craving y'' praiers we take o'' leave, & cofriend you all £c his pretious 
Saints, w^ you to the rich blessing of God in Jes. Chr: & ever shall rest 


Lond..7^"25. 1643. 

m' Peters consented to this Wtv 
but 13 not in Lon. at the p''sent 
coming away of the ship. 
[Endorsed:] m"" Tho Welds letter < 

40 The Dover Settlement and the Hiltons. [Jan. 


Communicated by John T. Hass.vm, A.M., cf Boston. 

rpHE article entitled "Some of the Descendants of William Hil- 
Jl ton," published bj me in the Register for April, 1877 (xxxi. 
179), contained a brief account of William Hilton, w\\o came from 
London to Plymouth in New Ei\i]:land, in the " Fortune," Nov. 11, 
1621, and who died in York, !Maine, in 1G55 or 1()5(3. It was 
illustrated by a heliotype of his letter to John AVinthrop the young- 
er, dated Piscataqua, April 18, 1633, which gives a specimen of 
his handwriting. In the Mass. Archives (III. 237), there is a 
petition of the inhabitants of York, which 
was presented to the General Court in >* ^ 
1655, in the matter of the complaint of / '^ 
Edward Godfrey against the town of York, / 
and the following is a facsimile of his signature as it appears on 
that petition. 

That this William Hilton could not liave been the William Hil- 
ton of Newbury, afterward of Charlestown, who died in Ciiarles- 
town, 7:7: 1675, was conclusively shown in the article above re- 
ferred to. I further stated that tiieir relationship to each other was 
not as yet clearly established, and I expressed a doubt whether Wil- 
liam Hilton of Charlestown could have been the son of the William 
first above named. This question is at last settled by the discovery 
of the following petition, which ]\Ir. William B. Trask has jast found 
in the Suffolk Court files, and it is now certain that they were father 
and son. But tliis solution of the difficulty leaves William Hilton, 
senior, with two sons each named William ; for W^illiam Hilton 
of York was also his son, as appears by the following deposition,* 
which was printed in the Registeii, xxxi. 184. 

The Deposition of ^rajV/ John Davess aged 70 years, or y''abouts, & 
' Cap*^: Charles F[rost] aged 52 years or there abouts, these Deponents re- 
spectively testify, & Sayy' Wi!lia[m] Hilton now rescident in yorke, in the 
Province of Mayne, was Cofnonly known, & [repujted, to bee y* sonn of 
William Hilton Senior deceased, & formerly livefl in Yorke abo[ ] on 
y' Tract of Land, y' lyeth on the South, or South West side of y*" River [ ] 
yorke over against the fishing flukes, & next the Ferry, & further Sayth 

Taken upon oath in Court this 30'^: of May 1G83 : p Edw: Rishw[orth] 

Although it is unusual for two brothers to bear the same christian 
name, it is not an unheard of thing, and instances, though rare, 

• York Deeds, iii. 12o, 

1882.] The Dover Settlement and the Ililtons. 41 

are met with in the history of other fiimihes.* Perhaps documents 
may yet be brought to light which will explain this circumstance. 
The tbllowing is a fac-simile of the sio-na- y 

ture of AVilliam Hilton of CharlestoVn, ^^^^/'^'n^^T^^yfTTTV 
the petitioner hereinafter named. It was ^ 

affixed to the verdict of the jury in the case of John Giffixrd vs. John 
Hathorne, and was found by Mr. Trask among the papers on file 
in that case, which was tried at the Court of Assistants, in Boston, 
March 2, 1674. 

To the Ilonored Generall Court now assembled at Boston 
The petition of William Hilton 
Humbly sheweth 

Where as your petitioners father William Hilton came oner into New 
England about the yeare Anno: Doin: 1G21 : & yo^ petitioner came about 
one Yeare & an halfe after, and In a little tyme following settled our selues 
ypon the River of Pischataq. witli 3Ir Edw: Hilton, who were the first 
Inglish phmters tliere : W'' hauling much Intercourse with y^ ludeans by 
way of Trayd, & mutuall giveing &receauing, amongst whome one Tahanto 
Sagamore of Penecooke, for diuerse kindnesses receaud from your petition- 
ers father & him selfe, did freely giue vnto the aforesd William Hilton Sen- 
jor & William Hilton Juuio" six Miles of Land lijng on y^ River Penne- 
conaquigg, being a riuerlett runneing into the riuer Peuacooke to y*^ Eiast- 
ward, the sd Land to be bounded soe as may be most for y^ best accoitimo- 
dation of your sd petitioner his heyres & assignes. The sd Tahanto did 
alsoe freely giue to the sd father & sun, & to y' heyres for euer, Two Miles 
of the best Meddow Land lijng on the North East side of the River of 
Penuicooke adioyning to the sd River, with all y" app^'tenances, which sd 
Tract of Land c<; Meddows were given in the P'sence of Darby Fejld & 
seuerall Indems In the yeare 1636: At w'^h tyme Tahanto went with the 
aforesd Hiltous to the Laud', & y'"of gaue them possession, All w°''^ Com- 
monly is known to the Antient Inhabitants of Pischatq, & for the further 
Contirmation of the sd Gyft or grant, your petitione' hath a renewed Deede 
from the sd Tahanto, & since yo"" petitioner vnderstand' that y"^ bee many 
grants of Land* lately given y''abouts to bee layd out. And least any should 
bee mistaken in Chuesing y"" place, & y'by Intrench vpon yo"" petitioners 
right': tor preuenting v>''of 

Your petitioner humbly Craueth that his Grant may bee confirmed by 
this Court, & that ABC or any two of them may bee fully Impoured 
to sett forth the bounds of all the aboue mentioned Land', & make true re- 
turne y'of vnto this Hono'''^ Court, And your petitioner as in duty hee is 
bond shall pray for y""" future Well fayre & prosperity. 

Boston. June. 1. 16 GO. The coinittee haueing considered the contents 
of this pet. do not Judge meet y' the Court grant the same, but haueing con- 
sidered the [tetitioners grounds fur the app'baccon of tiie Indians grant, do 
Judge meet that 300. ace" of the said land be set out to y* pet^ by a comit- 
tee chosen by this Court, so as y' it may not p'judice any plantaccon. and 

* For a case in pr)int, :=oe the Reoi^tkr for Ocfof)er, 18S1 (xxxv. 372), in the artic!'^ on- 
titled "Thotnis riile ot Ne\vt)urv, Ma-s., 1'j:j7. H.i.s Err^'liali Ori^'ia and Coun'jctions," by 
the IIou. Robert S. Eule, LL.D .of iiiizibethtown. N. Y. 

42 The Dover Settlement and the Hiltons. [Jan. 

this as a finall end & issue of all futuer claimes by vertue of such grant. 
from y* Indians. Thomas Danforth 

Elea. Lusher 
The magists Approove of this Retourn Henkt BARinoLMEW. 

if theire brethren y^ depu'^ Consent hereto. 

Edw Rawson Secrety. 
Consented to by the Deputies William Torrey Cleric. 

[Endorsed] The petition of William Hilton ent'"^ w'^ y^ magis*' 31 May 
1660&x''pd eut. 

Tahanto' Deed dd out p m' Danf 
William Hiltons petitio Entred & referred to the Coniittee. 

But this petition is not interesting solely to the genealogist. It 
has even historical importance. In the Proceedings of the ^lassa- 
chusetts Historical Society for May, 1876, Dr. Charles Deane pub- 
lished some very valuable notes on a recently discovered indenture, 
dated Dec. 14, 1622, between David Thomson, of Plymouth, Eng- 
land, of the one part, and three merchants, Abraham Colmer, Nich- 
olas Sherwill and Leonard Pomery also of Plymouth, of the other 
part, for making a settlement on the Piscataqua River. In these 
notes he controverts this statement made by Hubbard in his History 
of New England : 

" Some merchants and other jjentlemen in the west of England, belong- 
ing to the cities of Exeter, Bristol, Shrewsbury, and towns of Plymouth, 

Dorchester, &c having obtained patents for several parts of the 

country of New England, made some attempt of begnunng a plan- 
tation in some place about Pascataqua river, about t!ie year ll]2o . . . Tliey 
sent over that year, one Mr. David Tiiompson, with Mr. Edward Hilton, 
and his brother, Mr. William Hilton, who had been fishmongers in London, 
with some others, that came along with them, furnished with necessaries 
for carrying on a plantation tliere. Possibly others might be sent after 
them in the years following, 1G24 and 1G2'> ; some of whom first, in proba- 
bility, seized on a place called the Little Harbour, on the west side of Pas- 
cataqua river, toward, or at, the mouth thereof; the Hiltons, in the mean 
while, setting up their stages higher up the river, toward the northwest, at 
or about a place since called Dover. But at that place called the Little 
Harbour, it is supposed, was the first house set up that ever was built in 
those parts. . . . Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. John Mason might have a 
principal hand in carrying on that design, but were not the sole proprietors 
therein," &c. (pp. 214, 21o). 

Dr. Deane shows that '' the first authentic information of Edward 
Hilton's presence here is given by Bradford, who says he contrib- 
uted, in 1628, £1 toward the Thomas Morton affair," and lays stress 
upon the fact that where applicants for a grant of land had been 
living in the country, or on the spot, for a number of years, more 
or less, such term of residence was usually cited In the patent as a 
consideration therefor ; but that the language of the Hilton Patent* 

3 O 

* This Patent was printcf! in the Reoistkh for Jnl^', 1870 (xxiv. 264). It bears date 
March 12, 1G29-30, and the livery of ^-eizia wurf July 7, 1631. 

1882.] The Dover Settlement and the Hiltons. 43 

is hardly that which would have been used if Edward Hilton had 
been here for seven or any considerable number of years. It is 
worded as follows : 

" For aud in coiisideracou that Edward Hilton & his Associates hath 
already at his and their owiie proper costs and charg-es transported sundry 
servants to plant in New England aforesaid at a place there called by the 
natives Wecanacohimt otherwise Hilton's point lying some two leagues from 
the mouth of the River Paskataquack in New England aforesaid where they 
have already Built some liouses, and planted Corne, And for that he doth 
further intend by Gods Divine Assistance, to transport thither more people 
and cattle, to the good incre^ise and advancem^ & for the better settling and 
strengthing of their plautacon," ikc. tic. 

He shows that William Plilton and his family had left Plymouth 
by 1627, and says that "if his brother Edward was then living at 
Dover, it would be natural to suppose that he joined him ; but, 
though he is subsequently found in that neighborhood, 1 believe he 
cannot be traced as having lived either at Dover Xeck or at Cocheco. 
Neither his name nor that of Edward is atiixed to the ' Dover Com- 
bination ' of 20 October, 1640." 

But this petition in the Suffolk Court files is newly discovered 
evidence, and reopens the case so far as the Hiltons are ctjneerned. 
It corroborates the statement of Hubbard as to the date of the Dover 
settlement. ^Villiam Hilton came in the "Fortune" Nov. 11, 1621, 
and was followed in the "Anne," July or August, 1623, by his wife 
and two children, one of whom was the petitioner. In the allotments 
of land in Plymouth in 1623, there was granted to him one acre 
Iving "to the sea, eastward "* and to his wife and two children three 
acres butting " against the swampe & reed-ponde." Hubbard says 
that the friends of John Lyfbrd, wdio came over in the beginning 
of the year 1624, and who was driven from the colony soon after 
with some of his adherents, affirmed "tliat tlie first occasion of the 
quarrel with them was the baptizing of Mr. Hilton's child, who was 
not joined to the church at Plymouth."! The stay of the Hiltons 
in Plymouth was a short one, a few months probably, less than a 
year at the utmost. William Hilton the younger says that "In a 
little tyme following" his arrival they settled on the Piscataqua 
Eiver "with Mr Edw: Hilton." 

While in England in 1873-4 I collected much genealogical ma- 
terial concerning the name of Hilton, but several very promising 
clews having failed one after another, I did not succeed in satisfac- 
torily establishing a connection with any of the numerous branches 
of the Hilton familv in Enirland. Bearing: in mind the statement 
of Hubbard that ^^^iiliam and Edward Hilton had been tish mongers 
in London, I went one morning to Fishmongers' Hall. This guild 

* Plymontli Colony Reforda, xii. 5 and G. 

t Hubtjard's Hiat. of New England, thap. xvi. 

44 The Dover Settlement and the Hiltons. [Jan. 

— -one of the oldest and ricliest of tlie twelve great companies — suf- 
fered severely in the Great Fire of IGGH, and many of its records 
were destroyed. I found the persons in charge indisposed at first 
to give me any information at all, evidently considering my request 
to look at their books a very suspicious one, hut after the ohject of 
my visit had been more fully ex[)hiined, the clerk, while stating that 
it was impossible to allow a stranger to see the records, very courte- 
ously offered to examine them himself, and reported after some 
search that he had found in only two instances the name of Plilton, 
"Pawle" Hilton in 1016, andEdward Hilton in 1621. lie pro- 
mised however to make further investigation and to send me the 
result. A few days afterward I received the following letter : 

Fishmongers' Hall, London, E. C, 19th Februarv, l<S7-i. 
Sir : 

On again searching the books, I am quite unable to trace any such name as 
William Hilton. I have gone back some years. The only names men- 
tioned are Pawle Hilton and Edward Hilton, the latter being admitted as 
Freeman in the year 1621, as stated by you. 

Yours truly, Per W. B. Towse, 

J. Wrench Towse. 
John T. Hassara, Esq., Castle and Falcon Hotel, 
Aldersgate St., London, E. C. 

The only Paul Hilton I could discover any trace of in Doctors' 
Commons was Paul Hilton of St. Helen's, London. His widow 
Eleanor was appointed administratrix of his estate, December lo, 
1656. On searching the records of the Parish of St. Helen's, Bish- 
opsgate, I found there the following entry : " Paull Hilton leather- 
eellers pentioner buryed y* 22*-' of IMay 1656." He certainly could 
not have been a fishmonger. As the list from which the clerk read 
in Fishmongers' Hall vras evidently from its appearance, although 
I did not have an opportunity of examininij it closely, a modern 
compilation from some earlier j>a[)ers or rolls, it is not. unreasonable 
to ctmjecture that '* Pawle " Hilton was a mistake of the copyist for 
AVilliam Hilton. We are then safe in considering that William 
Hilton and Edward Hiltcm were admitted Freemen of the Fish- 
mongers' Com{)any in 161<) and 1621 respectively. 

I have set forth the matter with this minuteness because I feel 
convinced that some future investigator who can bring such infiu- 
ence to bear as will give him access to the original papers and rec- 
ords of the Fishmongers' Company, may there obtain clews which 
will enable him to solve the question of the birth and parentage of 
William and Edward Hilton, and make a valuable contribuiion to 
the history of the English settlements on the Piscataqua. 

The answer of the General Court to this petition of William Hil- 
ton is to be fjund in the Mass. Col. Records, IV. (Pt.I.) 43(i. In 
the ]\Liss. Archives, XVI. 364, is the following petition, which was 
printed in the Kegister, xxxi. 191 : 

1882.] The Dover Settlement and the Hlltom. 45 

To the honored Gen": Court Now sitting in Boston tlie 18'\ ^fareh 108* 
The humble petition of James Russell Executo'' to his honored leather Richd 
Russell Esq^ to this honored Court is y^ whereas my honored tfather louir 
Since bouaiit of m"" William Hilton of Charlstowne A certain peell or tract of 
Land y'. was conveyd to y^ Said Fiilton by tahanto Indian Saggamoar of 
penny Cooke and Also Acknowledged & recorded, as Appears by Said 
Deeds in Court, w*^''. Still want the Confirmation of this Court to make y® 
Said Deeds Authentick, w*^^. is humbly requested from this Court y'. they 
wold pleas to conlirme y^ Same w*^^. will oblidge 

IV humble Serv' Ja: Russell. 

In Answer to this Petition this Court doth grant to m"" James Russell 
a Farme of a thousand Acres in lieu of the Lands sold by m"" Hilton to his 
Father provided it be laid out togither in some free place within the limits 
of Said Grant or in any otlier free place thereabouts. 

The ]Magist*'. have passed this with reference to the consent of their 
Brethren the dep'y\ March. 20^. 168i- 

20 mrch M. Samuel Nowell p order. 

The Deputs Judge meete to respite the Determination hereof untill the 
next Session of this Court. William Torrey Cleric. 

In the " Xotes and Queries " published in the Register for 
April, 1880 (xxxiv. 2()3), I asked for further information concern- 
ing a sloop stolen from York liarbor November 8, 1711, by a 
Frenchman and three Indians, and their pursuit by P^n-^ign Vrilliam 
Hilton of York with six of his company and six of the inhabitants, 
which resulted in the recovery of the sloop and the killing and scalp- 
ing of the Indians. 

Tiie following letter has recently been found by ^Nlr. Trask in the 
Suffolk Court files. The signature is an autograph, but the body 
of the letter and its 6uperscripti<m are in anotlier hand. The " other 
afFairer " here referred to may be that about which the inquiry w as 

Portsm*' x'^'y" 27'^ 1711 
May It Please yo'" Excell. 

Heare is with me five of y^: 8 Voiluntier y' Listed with me, when I 
was Down att Boston : three of them are Deserted : Viz": Sam'^ IlarrisDn : 
John Hayes: haue rec'^ the Countries allowance of provisions: Both att 
Xewichawanack : and York : I understand they are Both in Boston : Har- 
rison: Keeps att the windmill: Sam'^ Williams Keeps att Linn: John Hayes 
Is marryed in Boston I understand: thev haue Every one rec*^ mony of 
me in Listing in this Expedition vnder Collo". Walton : If yo" P^xcellency 
think ffitt to order they may be sent allong: I have writ to yo"" Excellency 
Concerning my other alfairer and am 

Yo' Excellencvs most Humble & obedient Serv" 

\^iSi'<^l^:it ■^'t^n^ 

To His Excellency Joseph Duflly E^j' C.-ijr Generail c^- Governor in Chief: 
In and over : her ^laj''"'" Province of ^Massachusetts Oc New hampsheire 


46 JBraintree Records, [Jan. 

The followlngr are fac-similes of the signatures of Captain Amos 
Hilton* (1741-1783), Captain xVmos Hilton' ( 1764-179l>) , and 
Captain Amos Hilton^ (1786-1850), mentioned in the article en- 
titled " Some of the Descendants of William Hilton," above re- 
ferred to. 

O^rrrxMi Mjt^ru .J^^^ 

1778. Port Louis, Isle of France, Nov. 22, 1789. 

Leghorn, Feb. 2, 1818. 


Communicated by Samuel A. Bates, Esq., Town Clerk of Eraintree. 

THE following records are copied from the original entries on the 
town book of Braintree. In the Register, vols. xi. p. 333 ; 
xii. pp. 107, 347 ; xiii. 213, will be found the earliest returns made 
by the clerk of this town to the clerk of the court of the countv of 
Suffolk, from the record in the custody of the city registrar of Boston. 

Solomon Curtis son of Deodatus Curtis and Rebeckah Curtis his wife 
was borne the eighth day of June: 16-43. 

Hanua Jewell Daughter of ToD:ias Jewell & Grizell his wife borue the 
27 day of the 12 month 1643. 

Peter Scott y* son of Beuiamin Scott & Hannah his wife was borne y** 
e^'^of March, 1643. 

Eliazer soone of Henry x\dams and Elisabeth His wife was Borne the 
5 Day of ye 6 month, 1644. 

Samuel soone of WilHam Alyes & marv His wife was Borne the 24 of 
the 12 month, 1616. 

Edmond Sheffield soone of Edmond Sheffield <Sb His wife Borne the 15 of 
the 10 month, 1646. 

Hannah Daughter of William osborne & Frizund His wife was borne 
the 24 of the 6 month 1 646. 

Elisabeth daughter of thomas willmott & elisabeth His wife was Borne 
the 4 D 2 m° 1647. 

Mary daughter of James Couve dc iMary His wife was Borne the 7^^ day 
of the 3 month 1647. 

Jasper soone of Henry Adams & Elisabeth His wife was Borne the 23 D 
of the 4 month 1647. 

Samuell soone of Henry Neale & Martha His wife Borne the 31 of the 
5 month 1647. soone of William Veasie & Elinor His wife borne the o[ the S 
month 1647. 

Elisabeth daughter of Thomas Thaire <Sc His wife borue 23 of 1 mo. 

1882.] Braintree Becords. 47 

Samuell the soone of George Rugels & Elizabeth His wife was Borne 
the 3 Day of the 11 month 1648. 

John soone of Edward Inman & His wife Borne the 18 of the 7 
month 1648. 

Henry soone of Henry Xeale & Martha His wife was Borne the 10 Day 
of the I'month 1649. 

Elizabeth Daughter of Henry Adames & Elisabeth His wife was borne 
the eleventh Day of the ninth month 1649. 11- 9* 49 

Ann ShetReld Daughter of Edmd Shetiield Borne the 1 Day of the 2 
month 1649. 

Bezaliell soone of William Osborne & Frizund His wife was Borne the 
eight Day of the first month, 1649. 8 1 49 

Abigail Daughter of Francis Gould and Roose His wife was Borne the 
18 Day of the 12 month 1649. 

John soone of Francis Eliote & ^Eary His wife was Born the seventeen 
Day of the second month 1650. 

Henry Adams And Elisabeth Paine were married the seventeene day of 
the eight month 1643. 

Joseph Adams and Abigai Baxter were married the second day of the 
ninth month 1650. 

Steven Payne and Hanna Bas were married the 15 of the 9 mo. 1651. 

Samuell Staples and IMary Boles were married the (30) (6) (52). 

Samuell Dearing <k Bethia Baxter were married 1647. 

Dr. John Morly & Constant Starr were married the 20 day of the 2 
month 1647. 

Daniel Weld & Ann Hide married the 30 Day of the 5 month 1647. 

Robert Permetter & Leah Wheatly were married the 13 Day of the 2 
month 1648. 

Edmond Quinsie & Joane Hoare were married the 26 Day of the 5 
month 1648. 

Moses Paine Buried the 2 Day of the 4 month 1643. 2. 4. 43. 

Henry Adames Buried the 8 Day of the 8 month 1646. 8. 8. 46. 

Alse wife of Daniell Weld Buried the IS Day of the 2 month 1647. 
/ Georg Ludkin Buried the 22 of the 12 month 1647. 
' Daniel Owen the sonne of Wilem Owen buried the 14 day 8 mo 1651. ■' 

Josiah Ales the sonne or Wilem Ales and Mary his wife was buried the 
(8) mo (30) 1651. 

Martha Nell the wife of Ilenery Nell was buried the (23) (5) (53). 

Sarea the daughter of Henery Nell and Martha his wife was buried the 
(16) (.3) (53). 

Hanna the daughter of Henerv Nell and Hannah his wife was buried the 
(20) (9) (51). 

Joseph Arnoll and Rebecka Curtis were married the (8) of (4) mo. 1648. 
Wilem Owen and Elizabeth Da vies were married the (29) of (7) (50.) 

Wilom Arnoll the sonne of Joseph Arnoll and rebecka his wife was born 
the 16 day of (I) mo. 1649. 

John I(olI the sonne of Edward IIoU and Hester his wife was born the 
(23) of (11) mo. 1650. 

Josiaii Alles the sonne of Wilim Alles and Mary his wife was born the 
(8) mo (20) 1651. 

48 Braintree Records, [Jan. 

Samuel Walsbe the sonne of David Walsbe and Haana his wife was born 
the (9) of (2) mo (51). 

James Yorke the sonne of James Yorke and Johanna his wife was borne 
the (14) day (4) mo. (48). 

Ruth Curtis dau^liter of Deudatus and Rebecka his wife was born the 
(8) (11) (1647). ^ 

Joseph Arnoll the sonne of Joseph Arnoll and Rebeka his wife was bora 
the (16) (8) (52). 

Hanna Adams the daughter of Joseph Adams and Abagall his wife was 
born the (13) of the (9) 0^^'5-). 

Submit the sonne of Alexsander Plumlj and Hester his wife was born 
the (8) (11) (53). 

Mary Allis the daughter of Wilom AUis and Mary his wife was born the 
{ro) (8) (53). . . ^ 

Sarra the daughter of Ilenery Nell and Martha his wife was born the 
(23) (5) (53). 

Mary the daughter of Francis Goole and Ros his wife was born (23) 
(10) (51). 

Martha the daugliter of Francis Goole and Ros his wife was born the 
(15) (8) (54). 

Hanna the daughter of Henry Nell and Hanna his wife was born the (2) 
(2) (51). 

Elisabeth Ruggles the daughter of George Ruggles and Elisabeth his 
wife was borne tlie (16) (12). 

Sarah Ruirt^les the dauirhter of Georcre Ruizdes and Elisabeth his witfe 
was borne the (29) (7). 

Mehetabell Ruggles the daughter of George Ruggles and Elisabeth his 
wiffe was borne the (16) (5) 1650. 

Isaac Sheilield the sone of Edmond Sheffield and Mary his wifTe was 
borne the (15) (1) 1651. 

Mary Shetheld the dauij^hter of Edmond Sheffield and Mary his witfe was 
borne the (14) (4) 1653.^ 

Matthew Shelheld the daughter of Edmond Sheffield and Mary his witTe 
was borne the (26) (3) 1655. 

Jonathan lloidon the sone of John hoidon and Susanna his witfe was 
borne the (19) (3) 1640. 

Hanna hoidon the daughter of John hoidon and Susanna his wifFe was 
borne the 2 m° 7th 1642. 

ebenezer hoitlon the sone of John hoidon and Susanna his wiffe was 
borne the 12 mo 7th 1645. 

nehemiah hoi'lon the sone of John hoidon and Susanna his wiffe was 
borne the (14) (12) 1647. 

hanna peniman the dauj^hter of James peniman and Liddia his wiiTe 
was borne the (26) (3) 1648. 

abig;iill peniman the dauirhter of James peniman and Liddia his wiffe 
was borne the (27) (10) 1651. 

Mary peniman the daughter of James peniman and Liddia his wiffe was 
borne the (29) (7) 1653. 

Samuell peniman the sone of James peniman and Liddia his vviffe was 
borne the 

Mary Saunners the danriliter of John Saunders and Mary his wiffe was 
borne the 12 mo 10th 1653. 

moses pavne the sou of IMoses payue and elisabeth his wiffe was borne 
the (16) (5) 1646. 

1882.] Braintree Records, 49 

Elisabeth payne the dausjhter of Moses payue and elisabeth his wiffe 
was borne the 6 mo ^^^ 1648. 

Sarah pavne the dausjhter of ]\Ioses payne and Elisabeth his wiffe was 
born the (oO) (11) 1650. 

raoses pavne the second sone of Moses payne and Elisabeth his wifTe was 
borne the (•l'i:>) (4) 1652. 

Mary payne the daughter of moses and Elisabeth his wiffe was borne 
the 12 mo 1. 1655. 

William payne the sone of moses payne and Elisabeth his wiffe was 
borne the 2 mo 1. 1657. 

mary nucome the daughter of ffrancis nucome and Rachell his wiffe was 
borne 1 mo 2. 1640. 

Sarah nucome the daughter of ffrancis nucome and Rachell his wiffe was 
borne the (30) (4) 1643. 

Judith nucome the daughter of ffrancis nucome and Rachell his wiffe was 
borne the (16) (11) 1645. 

peter nucome the sone of ffrancis nucome and Rachell his wiffe was borne 
the (16) (3) 1648. 

Abigail nucome the daughter of ffrancis nucome and Rachell his wiffe 
was borne the (16) (5) 1651. 

Leah nucome the daughter of ffrancis nucome and Rachell his wiffe was 
borne the (30) (5) 1654. 

mary Shed the daughter of daniel Shed and mary his wiffe was borne the 
1 mo 8th 1647. 

daniel Shed the sonne of daniel Shed and Mary his wiffe was borne the 
(30) (6) 1649. 

hanah Shed the daugh{;er of daniel Shed and Mary his wiffe was borne 
the 7'^ mo 7'M651. 

John Shed the sone of daniel Shed and mary his wiffe was borne the 1 
mo. 2. 1654. 

Elisabeth Shed the daughter of daniel Shed and mary his wiffe was borne 
the (17) (4) 1656. 

Zachariah Shed the sone of daniel Shed and mary his wiffe was borne 
the (17) (4) 1656. borne 

david walsbee the sone of david was borne the * 

Joseph adams the sone of Joseph addams and abigail his wiffe was borne 
the (24) (10) 1654. 

John addauis the sone of Joseph addams and abigail his wiffe was borne 
the 11th mo 12 1656. 

Joseph Saunders the sone of Martin Saunders an.d Liddia his wiffe was 
borne the 3 mo S'^ 1657. 

IMary Gatlive the daujzhter of Thomas Gatliye and prudence liis wiffe 
was borne (13) (12) 165o. 

Rachell Staples the daughter of Samuel Staples and mary his wiffe was 
borne the (31) (8) 1657, 

James Lovitt the sone of daniel Lovitt and Johanna his wiffe was borne 
the 5 mo 8th 1648. 

mary Lovitt the daughter of daniel Lovitt and Johanna Lis wiffe was 
borne the 1 mo 7'^ 1651. 

martha Lovitt the daughter of daniel Lovitt and Johanna his wiffe was 
borne the 4th mo 7th 1654. 

♦ Boru 29th 7 mo. 165.S. See Reoistee, xii. 102. 

50 Braintree Becords, [Jan. 

hanna Lovitt the daughter of daniel Lovitt and Johanna his wiffe vras 
borne the (30) (1) 1656. 

John Woodlande the sone of John Woodhmde and Martha his wiffe was 
borne the ('25) (I) 1G51. 

mary harbour the daughter of John harbour and Jael his wiffe w^as borne 
the 1 mo 1. 1655. 

hanna harbour the daughter of John harbour and Jael his wiffe was 
borne the (29) (11) 1657. 

mary Ellisson the dauijhter of Richard ellisvson and thamasin his wiffe 
was borne the (15) (6) 1646. 

hanna ellisson the daughter of Richard ellisson and thamasin his wilfe was 
borne the (24) (5) 1648. 

John ellisson the sone of Richard ellisson and thamasin his wiffe was 
borne the (26) (6) 1650. 

Sarah ellisson the daughter of Richard ellisson and thamasin his wiffe was 
borne the 10'^ mo. 4th 1652. 

Thamasin ellisson the daughter of Richard ellisson and thamasin his vriffe 
was borne the (1) mo 1. 1655. 

ellisson the daughter of Richard ellisson and * 

John downam the sonne of John downam and dorothv his wiffe was borne 
the (30) (7) 1644. 

Joseph downam the sonne of John downam and dorothy his wiffe was 
borne the (30) (2) 1645. 

John the sonne of John downam and dorothy his wiffe was borne the (1) 
mo (7) 1652. 

mercie downam the daughter of John downam and dorothy his wiffe was 
borne the (1) m (7) 1652." 

Susanna chapman the daughter of Richard chapman and mary his wiffe 
was borne the (25) (12) 1647. 

Hope chapman the sonne of Richard chapman and mary his wiffe was 
borne the (30) (11) 1654. 

mary chapman the daughter of Richard chapman and mary his witTe was 
borne the (30) (4) 1657. 

elisabeth downam the daughter of deerman downam and elisabeth his 
wiffe was borne the (15) (il) 1645. 

John downam. the sonne of deerman downam and elisabeth his wiffe was 
borne the (15j (12) 1647. 

haniia Yeasy the daughter of William Veasv and Ellin his wiffe was 
borne the (18) (1) 1644. 

Sollomon Veasy the sonne of William Veasv and Ellin his wiffe was 
borne the 3"^ mo 11th 1650. 

Elisabeth Veasy the daughter of \Viliiam Veasv and Ellhi his wiffe was 
borne the (13) (8) 1653. - ' 

Steevin payne the sonne of Steevin payne and hanna his wiffe was borne 
the 8th mo. 1. 1652. 

Sanmell payne the sonne of Steevin pavne and hanna his wiffe was borne 
the 4'*' mo. 10^'' 1654. 

hanna payne the daughter of Steevin payne and hanna his wiffe was born 
the (28) (11) 1655. 

Sarah payne the d i:ighier of Sieevin payne and hanna his witTe was 
borne the 0'^* mo. i. 1657. 

* Experience Ellbon born 2d 6 nao. 16o7. Ste R£g:stee, xi. 33i. 

1882.] Braintree Records. 51 

natlianiel Tliayre the somie of Richard Tliayre and dorotliy his wifFe was 
borne the 11'^ mo. 1. 1G57. 

Sarah Tomson the daughter of Samuel Tomson and Sarah his wifie was 
borne the y*-' mo. 27, 1657. 

Elannah Kingsly the dauixhter of Samuel Kingsly and Hannah his wiffe 
was borne the (27) (5) 1G56. 

elisabeth Kinir>lv the daughter of Samuel KiuitsIt and hannah his wiffe 
was borne the (22) (9) 1C.)7. 

Annah Tomson the daughter of m'" William Tomson and Annah his wiffe 
was borne the 1 mo 3. 1648. 

Dorotliy fflynt the daughter of M"" henry fflynt and margery his wiffe was 
borne the' (21') (5) 1642. 

Annah fHynt the daughter of M*" henry fflynt and margery his wiffe was 
borne the ll''' mo 7^^ 1643. 

Josiah Olynt the sonne of IMr henry ffivnt and margery his wiffe was 
borne the (24) (6) 1645. 

jMargrett fflynt the <<aughter of IsV henry fflynt and margery his witfe 
was borne the'(20) (4) 1647. 

Joanna fflynt the daughter of M"" henrv fflynt and margery his wiffe was 
borne the (18) (12) 1648. 

David fflynt the sonne of M' henry fflynt and margery his wiffe was borne 
the (11) (11) 1651. 

Seth ffivnt the sunne of ^M"" henry fflynt and margerv his wiffe was born 
the (2) (2) 1653. 

Ruth fflynt the daughter of M"" henry fflynt and margerv his wiffe was 
borne the (31) (11) r654. 

Cotton fflynt and John fflynt the sonnes of M"" henry fflynt and margery 
his wiffe was borne the (16) (7) 1656. 

Rachell eliott the daughter of ffrancis eliot and mary his wiffe was borne 
the (26) (8) 1643. 

hanna eliott the dauirhter of ffrancis eliott and marv his wiffe was borne 
the \V^ mo. 8th 1651.'^ 

John Saunders t!)e sonne of John Saunders and mary his wiffe was borne 
the (23) (U) 1657. 

Samuel Savill the sonne of William Savill and hanna his wiffe was borne 
the (30) (8) J 643. 

Beniamin Savill the sonne of William Savill and hanna his wiffe was born 
the (28) (8) 1645. 

hanna Savill the daughter of William Savill and hanna his wiffe was born 
the mo 11*'^ 16 47. 

William Savill the sone of William Savill and Sarah his wiffe was borne 
the (I7j (5) 165 

John Ame-> tlie sonne of William xVmes and hanna his wiffe was borne 
the (24) (3) 1647. 

Sarah Ames the daughter of William Ames and hanna his wiffe was 
borne the 1 mo 1 1650. 

Deliverance Ames the daughter of William Ames and hanna his wiffe 
was borne the \-l^^^ mo 6th 1653. 

hannah Xiles the daughter of John Niles and Jane his wiffe was borne 
the (16) (12) 1636. 

John Nlle^ the sone of John Nilcs and Jane his wiffe was borne the 4*^ 
mo. 1. 1638. 

Joseph Niles the sone of John Niles and Jane his wiffe was borne the 
(15) (6) 1640. 

[To be continued.] 

52 The Sahin Family of America, [Jan. 


By the Rev. Anson Titus, Jr., Weymouth, Mass. 

I. William* Sabin, the first progenitor, appeared in the town of 
Rehoboth, Mass., at the organization of the tou-n in lG-i3. When he came 
to America is not known, but tradition says he came from V/ales or the 
south of Enghmd, where he had found refuge in ihglit from France. He 
was a Huguenot, and was a man of considerable culture ; and possessing 
wealth, as is shown in the account of his estate and sjifts for the relievins; of 
the wants of those who sutfered from the ravages of the Indians. He was 
one of the leading spirits of Rehoboth in schools, church and in allairs at 
Plymouth. Who his first wife was we know not. but she died shortly after 
16G0. He married second, Martha (born Dec. 11. 1641, a twin sister of 
Mary), daughter of James and Anna Allen, of 3Iedfield, Dec. 22, 1663. 
Martha was a sister of Nathaniel and Joseph Allen, who married daughters 
by the former wife. He died about 16^7. His will was made June 4, 1685, 
and probated in Boston, July 17, 1687, during the a'Uninistrafion of Gov. 
Andros. The orirdnal will is on file in Boston. In it are mentioned 
sixteen of his twenty children. His children by first wife — all born in 
Rehoboth except two eldest, whose place is unknown: 

2. i, Samuel. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. , 1642 ; m first, Robert Millard, Nov. 24, 1663 ; m. 

second, iSnuiuel Howard. She d. Feb. 7, 1717. 

3. iii. Joseph, b. Zslay 24, 1645. 

. 4. iv. Benjamin, b. May 3, 1646. 

5. V. Nehemiao, b. May 2S, 1647. 

vi. Experience, b, June 8. 164S ; m. Samuel Bullin Aug. 20, 1672; d. 
wiihout issue June 14,1723. 

vii. Mary (or Mercy), b. May 23, 16.32 : m. Nathaniel Allen. Shed. Feb. 
27, 1674, leaving son Samuel. 

yiii. Abigail, b. Sept. 8, 1653 ; m. Josepli Bullin March 15, 1675 ; d, with- 
out is6ue May 1, 1721. 

\:k. Hannah, b. Oct. 22. 1654 ; m. Joseph Allen, of Medfield, Mass., No7- 
10, 1673 ; reraovfd lo Pomfrets Conn. ; had 12 children. 

X. Patience, b. Dec. — , 1655. 

xi. jERi-iiiAH, b. Jan. 24. 1657. Perliaps Jonathan, as a Jonathan is men- 
tioned as being in the Narraganset E.s:pt;ditioa, 1676. Biiiis's Hist, 
of Rehoboth, p. 1 17. 

xii. Sarah, b. July 27, 1660. 

Children by second wife : 

6. xiii. James, b. Jan. I, 1664-5, 

7. xiv. Jon\, b. Aug. 27, 1666. 

iv. Hezkk.'ah, g. April ?>. 1669 ; d. , 1603. 

xvi. Noah, b. Mtircii 1, 1671 , d. , 1604. 

xvii. MEJiTAiiLE, b. Mav 15, 1673 ; m. Juseph Bucklin July 30, 1691 ; li. 

Sept. 27, 1751. ' He died July 2S, 1729. 

xviii. Mart, h. Scf.t. S, 1675 : in. Dec. B, 16%, Nathaniel Cooper. 

xix. Sarah, b. Feb. Wk 1677. 

XX. Marg.^ret, b. April 30, ICSO ; d. July 10, 1697. 

2. Samuel^ Sabin {WlJllarn}). Lived in Rehoboth; m. ^lary }5il- 
lingtoii Nov. 20, 1660. He was a ser^rcant in Capt. Samucd Galiope'<5 
company "in crusade against Quebec," 16J0. He died ] 633. Cnildn-n: 

1882.] The Sahin Family of America, 53 

8. i. Samuel, b. Nov. 27, I6r.4. 

ii. Marcy, b. March 8. H>66. . 

iii. Sarah, b. Auir. 10, 1^67; m. John Kingslv July 1, 1686. 

9. iv. Israel, b. June 16. 1(,>73. 

V. ExpEFJENCE, b. Oct 5. 1676 ; d. Nov. -28, 1G76. 
vi. Mary, b. March 4, 1G78-9. 

3. JosErii' Sabin {WlUUini^). Lived in Eehoboth ; m. AYaitstill 
He tl. Aug. 10, IGOO. His widow afterwards m. Jarett Iiigrahani. 


i. Joxathax, b. July 12, 1674: m. Catharine , and had Jonathan, 

b. Aug. 6, 1703 ; pr(jl)al>ly removed to Newport, R. I., before 1707. 

ii. ^YAITST1LL, b. Oct. 23. 1676. 

iii. Abigail, b. x\ng. 16, 1678; m. Dec. 24, 1697, Stephen Randall, of 
Stoninaton, Conn. 

iv. Experience, b. March 14, 1681 ; d. May 13, 16S1. 

V. Joseph, b. Nov. IS. 1682; d May 8, 16S3. 

vi. William, b. Sept. 27, 1684 ; d. Dec. 7, 1707. 

vii. Hannah, b. Aug. 9, 1687. 

4. Benjamin' Sabfx {WiUiam^), Resided in Relioboth until 1675, 
when he removed to Roxbury, Ma>s. ; and in 1(386 was one of the thir- 
teen pioneers who settled Woodstock, Conn., and joined the same year in 
purchasing a large tract of land lying just south of Woodstock, Masbamo- 
quoit, the present town of Pomfret. He lived in Woodstock until 1705. 
when he removed to his new purchase. The town of Pomfret v/as not in- 
corporated until 1710, nor the church ori::anized until 1715, which accounts 
for his continuing his church relations in Woodstock after his removal. He 
died in Pomfret July 21, 1725, aged 80. He m. tirst. Sarah, daugliter of 
John and Rebecca Polly, of Roxbury, who was born June 2, 1(350 (a twin 
of Mary). He m. second, Sarah Parker. July 5, 1678, who died Jan. 22, 
1717—8. The will of Jolm Polly mentions *' the four motherless cbildreu 
of their daughter Sabin to have their mother's part." Children : 

i. JosiAH, b. in Rehoboth, Oct. 11, 1669; m. Rebecca Cheney, Rox- 
bury, Mass., June 18. 1706. They resided in Roxbury in 1730, and 
had two daughters, lie died in Pomfret, Feb. 22, 1715. 

10. ii. EuENEZER, b. in Refioboth Dec. 10, 1671. 

11. iii. Benjamin, b. in Reiiobotii Dec. 2, 1673. 
iv. MtmxABLE, b. in Roxbury Sept. 7, 1677. 

By second wife : 

V. Sarah, b. in Roxburv Aug. 1, 1670 ; m. Samuel Adams Jan. 6, 1705, 
(N. S.) 

12. vi. Neuemiah. b. in RoxDury Jan. 10, 1681. 
vii. Patience, b. in Roxbury May 3. 1682. 

13. viii. Jeklmiau, b. in Koxbury ^hirch 11, 1681. 

ix, Experience, b. in R )xburv Feb. , 1686; m. David of Med- 

field, Aug. 22. 170,3. 

14. X. Stephen, b. m Woo.lstoek May 30. 1689. 

15. xi. TiifOTHY, b. in "Wooistuck, , 1694. 

5. Neiiemiah^ Sacix {Wuliani^). Resided in Relioboth; ra. Eliza- 
beth Fuller, August 1. 1672. He was slain by the Indians June, 1C76. 

i. Elizabeth, b. May 10, 1673. 

ii. David, b. Xov. lO'. 1674 ; d. Feb. 4, 1674-5. 
>. iii. Daniel, nienriont-d in ReKoboii; r^ eord.- Feb. 7, 1689, a.s an orphan 3on 
ot Ncheiuiah.— Rlh--. lii.^c. of Heb'»!-'oth, p. 12-(. Daniel settled m 
VV'iridhaui, Conn . wisfrj lie lairricd Ah'iicuil Abbe, daughter of 
Obadiah, .March 18, 1701. lie died Nov. 9,' 1755. 

54 The Sahin Family of America. [Jan. 

6. James' Sabin {William'^). Resided in Reboboth; m. Oct. 18, 
1689, Abigail Brazier, of Charlestown, Mass., a daugbter of Edward, bom 
Dec. 18, 1GG4. Cbildren : 

i. Stephen, d. 18 June, 1690. [?] 

ii. Hezekiah. b. Jane 1. 1690. 

16. iii. Noah, b. Feb.24, 169l-'2. 

17. iv. Joseph, b. Julv 6, 1694. 

18. Y. James, b. May '22, 1696. 

vi. Abigail, b. Feb. 2. 1697-8 ; d. Feb. 12, 1698. 

19. vii. David, b. Feb. 8, 1698-9. 

viii. Martha, b. April 9, 1702 : m. Thomas Perry, Sept. 19. 1728. 
ix. Abigail, b. May 16, 1704 ; m. Benjamin French Jan. 7, 1724-5. 

7. John' Sabix (WiHiam^). Resided in Rehobotb until 1691, wben 
he removed to Pomfret, Conn. He was a '• leading military spirit,'' *• a 
bold and active pioneer." His military services were acknowledged by tbe 
colonial governments. Until 1715 his church connections were at Wood- 
stock. Vide Miss Larned's excellent History of Windham County. Conn. 
He m. Dec. 3, 1GS9, Sarah, daughter of Samuel Peck, born Feb. 2, 1669, 
and died Oct. 1, 1738. Maj. John Sabin d. Oct. 25, 1742. Children: 

i. Judith, b. in Rehoboth Ans:. 26, 1690 ; m. Joseph Leavens. 

20. ii. Hezekiah, b. in Pomfret Nov. 5. 1692. 

21. iii. John, b. in Pomfret Jan. . 1695-G. 

22. iv. Noah, b. in Pomfret Jan. 27, 1697. 

8. Samuel^ Sabin (Samuel,'' William^ ). Resided in Rehoboth ; m. 
first, Grace ; m. second, Ruth Read. Children : 

i. Isaac, b. Feb. 2, 1695. 

ii. Samuel, b. Au^;. 29, 1697. 

iii. Grace, b. April 5, 1699 ; m. Jeremiah Robinson March 27, 1718. 

iv. Experience, b. May 22. 1700. 

v. Patience, b. Oct. 3, 1704. 

vi. Ebenezer, b. Aunj. 1, 1705 ; d. Sept. , 1705, 

vii. Mercy, b. Aug. 19, 1706. 

By second wife : 

viil. Elijah, b. Feb. 9, 1722. 

9. Israel^ Sabin (Samuel^'' WiUiam}). Resided in Rehoboth, after- 
wards in Attleboro' ; m. May 20, 1696, Mary Ormsbee. Children : 

i. Sarah, b. March 26. 1697. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. March 31, 1698. 

iii. Samuel, b. Jan. 21. 1700. 

iv. Israel, b. Oct. 8, 1701. 

V. Jeremiah, b. Aus;. 26, 1703. 

vi. JosiAH, b. June 3, 1705, in Attleboro'. 

vii. Margaret, b. Feb. 5, 1706-7, in Attleboro'. 

\Iii. AVilliam, b. Oct. 14, 1708, in Attleboro'. 

ix. Eleazer, b. Feb. 21. 1710-11, in Attleboro'. 

X. Mary, b- June 15, 1712, in Attleboro'. 

10. Ebeneze'k' Saein {Benjamin,'^ William^), Resided in Wood- 
stock; m. Susanna . A Susanna Sabin was admitted to '• full com- 
munion" in Roxbury in June, 1G'J6. (ilec. Com. Rep. Roxbury Records, 
page 102.) He was Ensign in 1700 in expedition against Canada. He 
d. Sept. 18, 1739. Children: 

i. Ebenezer, b. July 8. 1696. 

ii. Joseph, b. Jan. 23, 1701. 

iii. Susanna, b. Aprils, 1704. 

23. iv. JosuuA, b. May 26, 1706. 

1882.] The Sabin Family of America, 55 

V. Mehitable, b. July 21, 1711 ; d. May 19, 1739. 
vi. Seth, b. Oct. 21, 1714. 

11. Benjamin^ Sabi.v {Benjamin,^ William^). Resided in "Woodstock, 
afterwards Pomfret: m. Elizabeth Davis, Nov. 4. 1700. Roxbury Records. 
She d. May IG, 1753. He d. Dec. 28, 1 750. Children : 

i. Benjamin, b. in Woodstock June 12, 1702. 

ii. Sarah, b. in Woodstock Dec. 21. 1703. 

iii. Elisha, b. in Woodstock May 16, 1705 ; settled in Dudley, Maes. 

iv. Peter, b, in Pumtret Sept. 15, 1707. 

V. William, b. Feb. 27, 1709. 

vi. Isaac, h. Aus;. 2, 1711. 

ix. Esther, b. Aug. 24, 1719 ; ni. John Wilson, Dedham, Mass. 

12. Nehemiah^ Sabix {Benjamin^ JVilliain^). Married first, Eliza- 
beth Boyden, of Medrield, 3Iass., where he resided until about 1716, when 
he returned to Pomfret: m. second, Ruth Cooper, Dec. 3, 1735. He died 
July 5, 1746. Children, by first wife: 

i. Abigail, b. May 15, 1703 ; m. John Parkhurj^c. 

ii. TuoMAS, b. Dec. 2, 1705 ; d. Aui^^ 6, I7u6. 

iii'. Sarah, b. Jan. 10, 1709 . ra. Bacon, and d. before 1746. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. June 5. 1711 ; m Jonatl^an Lyon. 

V. Nehemiah, b. Sept. 9. 1713, probably d. before 1741. 

vi. Mart, b. June 5, 1718. 

vii. Experience, b. Aug. 12,1720; m. Jonathan Kingsley. 

By second wife : 

viii. Sybil, b. Julv 18. 1736. 

ix. Lois,b. Dec. 21, 1733. 

X. Nehemiah, b. April 8, 1741 : m. Mary Rice May 12, 1763 ; settled in 
Tolland, Conn., where eight chddren were bi)rn, among them Elijah 
R., a Methodise clergyman, the father of Hon. Lorenzo babine. [See 
Register. 1879, p. 433. ] 

xi. Thomas, b. April 9, 1744. .. ^ . 

xii. Ebenezer, b. July 1, 1746. 

13. Jere^miah' Sabix {Benjamin,' WiUiani^). Resided in Pomfret ; 

m. Abigail . He d. Jan. 20, 1775, aged 90 years and 10 months. 

Children : 

i. Sauuel, b. Sept. 18, 1712. 

ii. Samuel, b. April 7, 1714. 

iii. Uriah, b. Aprd il, 1715. 

i7. Jeremiah, b. Feb. 17, 1717. 

V. Moses, b. Jan. 27, 1719. 

vi. Abigail, b. June 26, 1721. 

vii. Aaron, b. Dec. 14, 1723. 
vrii. Hannah, b. March 23, 17-25. 

ix. Hezekiah, b. Sept. 27, 1727. 

14. Stephen' Sabix (Benjamin,^ WiUiani^). Resided in Medfield* 
Mass., where he was selectman, town treasurer and schoolma-^ter. Married 
first, Elizabeth IMason, of Dedham, June 3, 1718, in Boston, by Samuel 
Sewall. She died Jan. 30. 1730. Married second, Susanna, widow of John 
Plympton. He d. in 1 737. Children: 

i. Sarah, b. Jan. 19, 1718-19: m. Richard Mann ; d. Jan. 18, 1748. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 7, 17-J() ; d. Jan. 13, 1744. 

iii. Patience, b. X'jv. 7, 1722; m. Simon Harding: d. June 11, 1751. 

iv. Phebe, b. April 15, 1725 ; d. May 23, 1745. 

V. Stephen, b. May 14, 1727 ; d. Aug. 19, 1744. 

vi. Abigail, b. Aug. 12, 1729 : perhap.s d. young. 

50 The Sab in Family of America. [Jan. 

15. Timothy' Sabix {Benjamin.^ WiUiam^). Resided in Pomfret ; 
m. tirst. Martha Johnson, Feb. 5, 1717, who died Oct. 2. 174"> ; m. second. 
Experience Hou2:hton, Oct. 14. 174(>, the widow ot William Ilouuditon. of 
Lancaster, Mass." Pie died May 9. 1780. Children: 

i. IIlldau, b. June 21, ITIO. 

ii. ^^ATUANiEL, b. May 18, 1721 ; d. Nov. 7. 1746. 

iii. TiMoTHr, b. Oct. il, 1723 ; d. Oct. 7, 1713. 

iv. IcHAHOD, b. May 25, 1720. 

T. MARTUA,b. AuL'. 30, 1728. 

VI. JosiAH, b. Feb.'b, 1730. 

Tii. Daniel, b. J:m. 31. 1734 : d. Oct. 17, 1743. 

viii. Sarah, b. May 4, 1737; d. Dec. 26, 1749. 

16. Noah' Sap.ix (Ja/fies.^ William^). Resided in Relioboth ; m. Jan. 
-, 1713-4, Ruth (Bliss) Walker, second wife and widow of Samuel 

Walker — a daiigliter of Samuel and Mary Bliss, born Nov. 11. 16S7. She 
had three chihh-en by Mr. Walker. He died , 1774. His will men- 
tions a wife Abisfail. Children : 

i. Noah, b. Oct. 28, 1714. [See Sabine's Loyalists, and Hist. Eastern 

Vermont, pp. 6 and 696] 
ii. TuCMAS, b. Dee. 16. 1716. 

iii. Raceel, b. March 2. 1718-19; m. Edward lledden, Rehoboi... 
iv. Sarah, b. Aug. 2, 1722, 

17. Joseph' Sabix {Jamcs,^ WilUam^). Resided in Rehoboth ; m. 
]Mary . He died about 1750. Children: 

i. Uriah, b. July 25. 172.3. 

ii. William, b. Jalv 3, 1728. 

iii. Mary, b. Aui:. 6, 1733. 

iv. John, b. April 30. 1736. 

V. Natuaniel, b. Aug;. 11, 1733. 

vi. Daniel, b. July 3l, 1741. 

18. Jat.ies' Sabix [Jamesr William^). Resided in Rehoboth; m. first. 
Hannah ; m. second, Dorothy . Children : 

i. Hepsibeth, b. Nov. 28, 1721. 
By second wife : 

ii. James, b. June 5, 1729. 

iii. William, b. Dec. 1.3. 1731 ; pr.Mbablv d. voung. 

iv. James, b. Feb. 17. 17.32-3. 

v. TnoMAS, b. Auir. 4, 1734 ; probably d. youn^. 

vi- Dolly, h. March 26. 1737 : d. in Providence, R. I.. Jan. 2. 1S30 ; unm. 

^ vii. Thomas, b. July 21, 1739 : d. Sept. 26, 1800. 

viii. William, b. July 1, 1741; d. Aug. 4, IdUO. 

ix. Vassel, b. Nov. 19, 1714 : m, Martha Freeman Nov. 22, 1768. 

X. Molly, b. , 1748; unru. 

19. David' Saijin" (James.^ WilUatn^). Resided in Rehoboth, and in 
winter 1736 and 7 settled in Ilardwick, Mass. ; m. tirst, Jael Peck, of At- 
tleboro', ^lay 19, 172o ; m. second, Mary Remington, October 21, 17^31. 
Children : 

i. NoAn, b. Aug. 3, 1730. 

••• t'^^' hvrins., b. Jan. 6, 1739. 
in. Thomas, ) ' 

iv. Mary, b. Nov. 21. 1736. 

v. LvDiA,bapt. Sppt. 21. 173^. in Ihirdwick, 

vi. David, bapt. 0>L. 19, 1710. la ihird'.viek. 

vii. Culoe, bapt. July , 1743, in Ilardwick. 

viii. Lucy, bapt. Sept. 14, 1746, in ilardwick. 

1882.] Th^ Sahin Family of America. 57 

20. IIezekiah* Sabin (JoJin,* William'^). Resided in Pomfret ; m. 
Zerviah, daughter of James and Elizabeth llo&iner. Children : 

i. Sarah, bapt. Sept 27, 1719 

ii. HEZEKfAH, b:ipt. Sept. 5, 1720 ; d. in New ILiven, Ct., March 7, 1791. 

iii. Hannah, b. >Iarch 13, bant. March 18. 1722 ; m. Gov. Nicholas Couke, 

of ProvulcDoe, Pw. I. [See Ra&riell Family, p. Ibdet seq.] 
iv. Charles, bapt. April 18, 1725. 
V. Jesse, bapt. Jan. 22, 1727. 
vi JoNATBAN, bapt. Aqo;- 17, 1729; d. young, 
vii, Zerviah, hapt. July 11, 1731. 
viii. Zebediah, bapt. Jan, 23, 1736. 

21. John' Sabix {John,^ WllUam^). Resided in Pomfret until 1730, 
then removed to the {iresent town of Franklin, Conn. ; m. fir.^t, Esther 
Deming, Nov. 19, 1719, who died May 25, 1728. He m. second, Hannah, 
daughter of Dr. Comfort Starr, of Dedbam, ^NEass., who died Sept. 1.3, 1757, 
Ho;ed 57. He was a phv^ician, and interested in church and military affairs. 
He died March 2S, 1742. Children : 

i. Ben.^jah, b. Sept 4, 1720. 

ii. John, b. July 26, 1722. 

iii. Jerush.\, b. Sept. 5, 1724. 

iv. Elijah, b. Auir. '26, 1726. 

V. Esther, b. April 7, 1728. 

22. Noah' Sabin {John^ Williarri), Resided on homestead of his 
father; m. Mary Williams, June 30, 1737. She died April 13, 1768. He 
died Aug. 7, 1759, Ciiildren : 

i, Noah, b. April 1, 1738. 

ii. John, b. Oct. 2.5, 1739: d. April 29, 1766, A physician. 

iii. Jonathan, b. Julv 28, 1742. 

iv. Sarah, b. July 10, 174.5 ; d. Oct. 26, 1745. 

V. Sar.aH, b. April 27. 1747. 

vi. Makv, b. March 31, 1749; d. June 7, 1750. 

vii. Mary, b. April 2, 1751. 

viii. Judith, b. June 4. 1753. 

ix. Lucy, b. N-n . 23, 1756 ; m. Ithamar May. 

23. JosHCA* Sabin" {Ehenezer,^ Benjamin,^ William}). Resided in 
Pomfret; m. Mar}^ , Jan. 22, 1734. Children: 

i. Abishai, b. Sept. 10, 1735 ; d. Feb. 4, 1782. A clergyman. 

ii. Susanna, b. Aug. 25, 1737. 

iii. Joshua, b. June 6, 1740 ; m. Ruth Wiswall, 

iv. Mary, b. May 6, 1742; d. Oct. 21, 1754. 

24. V, Sylvanus, b. Jan. 14, 1741. 

vi. PuETHENA, b. Jan. 6, 1717; d. Mav 12, 1754. 
vii. Lucy, h, Aul^. 9, 1749 ; d. March 17. 1752. 
viii. Walter, b. Feb. 12, 1752; d. Sept. 28, 1774. 
ix. Alice, b. April 20, 1751: d. Oct. 13, 1754. 
X. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 6, 1756. 

24. Stlvanus* Sabin (Joshua* Ehenczer,^ Benjamin,^ William}). Re- 
sided in Pomfret, and in 1774 removed to IMonson, Mass. ; m, Lucy, daugh- 
ter of Samuel and Elizabeth Wis wall, who was born December 29, 174'. . 
Children : 

i. Samuel, b. Nov. 17, 1769: d. Jan. 21, 1776. . .^..,,'f- 

ii. Lucy, b. April 3, 1771 ; in. Era.stus, Mon-^on, Mass. " ['' '.. 

25. iii. Oliver, b. March 0, n73. 'I ■ • i ;- 
iv. Polly, b. April 28, 1775 : m. Web'oer. -.,'-■,.;'. 

V. Ruth, b. May 30. 1777; in. Levi Burgess. Erieville, N. Y. . f 

vi. Walter, b. April 4, 1780 ; d. May 6, 1795. , . • , • : < 

VOL. XXXVI. 6 - . .. ' V ' ' ,, 

58 Marriages in West Springfield. [Jan. 

vii. Sylvanus, b. July 20, 1783 ; removed to Joliet, 111. 

viii. Joshua, b. Dec. 4. ITSO ; d. March 2, 1602. 

ix. Alfred, b. Sept. 17, 1789; d. at Sherburne. N. Y., AuiT. 31, 1872. 

X. Betsey, b. Au<^. 7, 1792 ; m. Simpson, Cazenovia, N. Y. 

25. Oliver® Sabin {S'llvamis,^ Joshim,^ Ehenezer,'^ Benjamin,- Wil- 
liam^). Removed from Moiison to Burlington, Oswego Co.. N. Y., in 1801, 
and the following year to Sherburne, Chenango Co., N, Y'. About 1825, 
removed to the town of Marshall, Oneida Co., N. Y''., where he died June 
5, 1846. He m. Jan. 2, 1800, Olive, born in ^Mansfield, Conn., March 3, 
1776, a daucrhter of Samuel and Abiijail (Porter) Upham. She died March 
24,1816. Children: 

i. LccY. b. Oct. 17, 1800 ; m. Seth Bass ; d. Aug. 19, 1857. 

ii. Alberto, b. May 13, 1802; d March 11, 1851. 

iii. Horace, b. Nov. 30, 1803 ; d. March 9, 1805. 

iv. SYLVAMs.b. July 22. 1805; d. Aug. 9, 1872. 

V. Statira, b. Oct. 29, 1806: m. Minor Button. 

vi. Jerusha, b. July 21, 1808; m. Loren Hewitt. 

26. vii. Almira, b. Jan. 26, 1810. 

viii. Orrilla. b. Nov. 28, 181 1 ; d. Aug 21, 1813. 
ix. Betsey, b. Oct. 15. 1813; ra. Justin Hungerford. 
X. Stephen Decatur, b. June 15, 1816; d. Sept. 7, IS74. 
xi. Oliver Perry, b. April 29, 1821 ; d. April 7, 1850. 

26. Almira^ Sabtn {Oliver.^ Si/h-aiius," Joshua,* EhenezerJ^ Benja- 
min,^ William^). ^Married June o, 1834, Anson Titus, born in Marshall, 
N. Y^, March 13, 1809. son of Billy and Judith (II nested) Titus. Reside 
iu Phelps, N. Y^, where they settled in 1835. Children : 

i. TnoM.\s Benton, b. in Byron, N. Y., March 2, 1835; resides in Sodus, 

xN. Y. 
ii. Mary Juliet, b. in Wolcott. N. Y^, Sept. 13, 1837: d. May 2, 1841. 
iii. Oliver Sabiv, b. May 13, 1843; residence Shortsville, N. Y. 
iv. Billy, b. April 4. 1845 ; killed at Spottsylvania, Va., May 12, 1864. 

27. V. Anson, b. June 21. 1847. 

vi. Susan Olive, b. May 5, 1849; ra. C. D. Carr. Phelps. 
vii. Albert Alberto, b. Feb. 16, 1852; d. Oct. 29, 1852. 

27. Anson^ Titus, Jr. {Almira,'^ Oliver,^ Sylvanus.^ Joshua.* Ehne- 
zer^ Benjamin^ WilUani^). A Universalist clergyman [and the autiior of 
this article]. At this writing, pastor in Weymouth, Mass. Married Dec. 
11, 1872, Lucy Tobie (h. July 16, J 851), dauijhter of James and Lucy 
(Tobie) Merrill, of New Gloucester, Maine. Children : 

i. Anson jJerrill, b. in New Gloucester April 8, 1675. 
ii. Marion Lucy, b. in Weymouth Nov. 20, IboO. 


Contributed by Mr. Lyman H. Baoo, of New York, N. Y, 

[Continued from vol. xxxv. p. 366.] 

These may certify that the following persons v/ere married at the Times 
affixed to their respective Names. 

Medes Champion and Lydia Farnham both of West Springfield June 3"^, 

Gaius Vanhorne of Springfield and Rachel Leonard of West Springfield, 
November 20''^ 1700. 

1882.] Marriages in ^Vest Springfield. 59 

Cap° Chillies Ferry and Miss Eunice Chapin both of West Springfield, 
Decern!)' 17'^ 1790. 

Oliver Morijjan of Wilmington and Theodosia Morgan of West Spring- 
field Fehruarv 3^ 1701. 

Reuben Kibby of Somers and Jerusha Smith of West Springfield March 
1, 1791. 

By me Joseph Lathrop. 

The Intention of Marriacre between Michael [Holmes ?] and Abigail 
Taylor both of West Spriugtield was entered April '2'd^ & published ye 24. 

Mr. Aaron White Town Clerk These certify that the following Persons 
were joined iu Marriage by the Subscriber at the Times prefixed to their 
Names, Viz. — 

1785, March 31. Joseph Smith to Iluldah Leonard both of Wt Spring- 

Octo' 24. Oliver Leonard to Abiah Warriner both of West Springfield. 

1790, Feb^ 10^. Moses Leonard to Fanny Leonard both of West 

Sept' 19. Martin Willsou to Katheriue Dewey both of West Spring- 

West Springfield April 27, 1791. Eliphalet Leonard Just. Pacis. 

Enoch Deane & Lucinda Bagg both of West Springfield were married 
April 13, 1791. 

Joseph Merrick 3"^ and Frances Leonard both of West Springfield were 
married April 20, 1791. By Joseph Lathrop. 

The Intention of Marriage between of West Springfield and 

Olive Allen of vferti entered May and published the 29*^ 1791. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Henry Dwi<iht and ^liss Lydia 
Day both of West Spriugtield was entered June the 25''"^ and published the 
26*^ 1791. 

The Intention of Marriage between Elder Jesse Whitman and Miss 
Cynthia Button both of West Springfield was entered and published June 
2G, 1791. 

The Litentiou of ^.larriage between Amos Green of Sharon in Vermont 
and Mercy Ba2"g of West Springfield was entered July 22'^and published the 
24^ 1791. 

The Intention of Marriage between Noadiah Adams of Suffield and 
^lary Bedortha of the 2*^ Parish in West Springfield was entei-ed July 22d 
and published the 24''"^ 1791. 

The Intention of Marriage between Elijah Ashley and Joanna Clarke 
both of West vSpringfield was entered & published August 27, 1791. 

The Intention of -Marriage between Lieut. William Tryon of Deerfield 
and Mi^s Hainiah Hopkins of West Springfield was entered August the 
27"' and published the 28^^ 1791. 

This certifies that the following named persons were joined in marriage 
on the Days of the Dates as affixed to their Names respectively viz. 

James Forbes of Granville & Peggy Stephenson of West Springfield, Oc- 
tober 14, 1790. 

Michael Holmes and xVbigail Tavlor both of West Springfield, May 'I'o, 

West Springfield Augt 1791. By me Jesse Wiijhtman. 

60; Marriages in West Springfield. [Jan. 

Jacob Bradley & Betty Elizabeth Day both of West Springfield the In- 
tention of Marriage between them was entered Septem'' 9^^ & published v* 

The Intention of ^Marriage between Enoch Cooper and Polly Leonard 
was entered Dec'' 3'^ and published the 4^^" 1791. 

The Intention of Marriai^e between David Ashley Jr and Eunice Brew- 
er both of West Springfield was entered January 5th and published the 8*^ 

The Intention of IMarriage between Samuel Partridge 2d of Fairfield 
and Caroline Adams of West Springfield was entered Jan. 17 & published 
the 22* 1792. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Pliny Bliss of West Springfield 
& Polly Shaw of Wilbraham was entered Jan^21. 1792 & published t^ 

Thomas Ely & Eunice Morley both of West Springfield the Intention of 
Marriage between them was entered Jan^ 21. & pul)lished the 22*^ 1792. 

The Intention of Marriage between George Chapin 2^^ of Springfield and 
Martlia Dav of West Springfield was entered February 4'^ and publi.'^hed 
the 8'^ 1792. 

The Intention of Marriage between Levi EI3' and Thankfull Smith both 
of West Springfield was entered P'ebruary 4^^ and published the 8'*^ 1792. 

The Intention of ^larriage between Asa Day of South Iladley and Lydia 
Tuttle of West Springfield was entered February 18th & published the 
19th 1792. 

The Intention of Marria::e between Mr. Solomon Todd & Miss Ruth 
Fish both of West Springfield was entered March 3*^ & published y® 4. 

1792 April 2. I do hereby certify that I have joined no Persons in IMar- 
riage for twelve months last past. Attest Justin Ely Justice of the Peace. 

The Intention of Marriage l^etween Walter Morley and Charlotte San- 
derson both of West Springfield was entered and published April 8th, 1792. 

The following Persons were married on the Day of the Date affixed to 
their respective Names, viz. — 

Ambrose Day and Polly Ely both of West Springfield ^May 5, 1791. 

Barnes Baird and Sally Pepper both of West Sprini^tield, May 26, 1791. 

Mr. Henry Dwight e<c; Miss Lydia Day both of Do September 12, 1791. 

Lt. Wili^'Trvon of Deerfield and Miss Hannah Hopkins of West Spring- 
field, Sept. 22, 1791. 

Jacob Bradley & Betty Eliz Dav both of West Springfield Octo" 11'"^ 

David Ashley Ju' and Eunice Brewer both of West Springfield Feby 2, 

Mr. Sam^ Partridge of Hatfield and Miss Caroline Adams of West 
Springfield Feby 21. 1792. 

George Chapin of Springfield and Martha Day of West Springfield, Feby 
22, 1792. 

Levi Ely & Thankfull Smith both of West Springfield Feby 23, 1792. 

Asa Day of South Hadley and Lydia Tuttle of West Springfield ^larcli 
8, 1792. Per me Joseph Lathrop. 

1791, 27 April Epa[)hras .Seymour of Hartford and Lucy Bliss of West 

20 July, Elder Jesse Whitman and Miss Cynthia Button both of ^'est 

1882.] Marriages 171 West Springfield, 61 

24 Octo^ Xoadiah Adams of Sutfield and Mary Bedortha of West 

22 Decemter Enoch Cooper Jr. & Polly Leonard both of West Spring- 

1792, 23 February, Thomas Ely and Eunice Morley both of West 

25 April, Walter Morley and Charlotte Sanderson both of West Spring- 

To Mr. Aaron White Town Clerk Sir, the above named Persons were 
married at the time prefixed to their several Names by your &c. 

West Springfield, 27 April 1792. " SyP Griswold. 

The Intention of Marriage between Stephen Lee of Westfield and Mercy 
Taylor of West Springfield was entered May 5^^ and published the G"^ 1702. 

Mr. Aaron White Town Clerk of West Sprin^^field 

These certify that there has not any Person been joined in Marriage by 
me the year past. West Springfield, Api-il ol, 1702. 

Att' f^lip^ Leonard Jus. Pacis. 

To Mr. Aaron White Town Clerk of West Springfield Sir, 
In the year past I have joined no Persons in Marriage. West Spring- 
field 30 April 1791. Attest, Justin Ely Justice of tlie Peace. 

Lovisa Merrick Ju"" Daughter of Tilly Merrick and Lovisa Merrick was 
born January 1792. 

Mr, Aaron ^Vhite clerk of West Springfield. These may certify that I 
have not the year past joined any Persons in Marriage. 

Attest Abr"' Pnirbank, Jus. Pacis, April 30, 1792. 

Elijah Purchase son of Jonathan Purchase &: Sarah Purchase was born 
May 'l6th 1791. 

The Intention of Marriage between Edward Stebbins 2d & Anne Taylor 
both of West Springfield was entered Mav the 25'^ and published the 2G. 

The Intention of Marriacre between Freeman Taylor of West Spring- 
field and Polly Poraroy of Northampton was entered May '1^)^^^ & published 
the same Day, 1702. 

The Intention of Marriage between Tilly Leonard & Sally McLutier 
both of West Springfield was entered June 2^^ c^ published the 3"^ 1792. 

The Intention of 3Iarriage between Ilenry Leonard & Olive Pemington 
both of West Springfield was entered .Tune 2 & published the 3, 1792. 

The Intention of Marriage between John Wilson Jun' of West Spring- 
field and Polly Wright of Wilbraham was entered June Gth and published 
the 9th 1792. 

Edward Lathrop son of Doct' Lathrop & Mrs. Anna Lathrop was born 
April 18, 1792. 

The Intention of ^Marriage between Ebenezer Ripley of Westfield and 
Sally Flower of West Springfield was entered June 13 & published y* \1^^ 

The Intention of IMarriage between Apollos Kent of vSutlield & Mary 
Stephenson of West Springfield was entered June 14 & published the 17th 

The Intention of Marriage between Oliver Ely and Patty Day both of 
West Springfield was entered July 3*^ and published the 8th 1792. 

The Intention of Marriage between Elijah Rust of ^Vesthamptou and 
VOL. xxxvi. G* 

62 Rev. Thomas Weldes ^* Innocency Cleared.'^ [Jan. 

Anna Miller of "West Springfield was entered Auijust 1st and published 
the 4"^ 1792. 

The Intention of Marriafje between Edward Upham Bliss and Islabel 
Chaffee both of West iSpringtield was entered September 3*^ and published 
the 9'^ 1702. 

The Intention of ^Marriage between James Farmer of Springfield and 
Prudence Farnam of West Sprin^^^tield was enterod September 29'^ and 
published the 30''^ 1792. 

Phebus PomroY of Northampton and Caroline Pepper of West Sprinof- 
jfield, the Intention of Marriage between them was entered October 5^^ and 
published the 6'^ 1792. 

The Intention of Marriage between Abraham Boid & Elizabeth Taylor 
alias Elizabeth McKinstry both of West Springfield was entered October 
G'^ and published the sanie Day 1792. 

The Intention of Marriage between Seth Leonard of West Springfield 
& Rebecca Smith of Chester was entered October 13"" and published the 
14th 1792. 

The Intention of Marriage between Apollos Miller of West Springfield 
and Mercy Sexton of South wick was entered and published October "J 7, 

The Intention of Marriage between William Pepper and Mary Colgrove 
was entered Octol)er 30'^ and published November the 3"^ 1792. 

Darius Smith of Westfield & f^lizabeth Colgrove of AVest Springfielil, 
the Intention of Marriage between them was entered Nov' 10'^ & published 
the same Day. 

The Intention of ^Marriage between Horace Flower and Artemisia ]Mc- 
Intier both of West Springfield was entered & published Nov. 10^'^ 1792. 

The Intention of 3Iarriage between Pelatiah Farington and Poi'iy 
Brackett both of West Springfield was entered Nov"" 17, and published the 
21, 1792. 

The Intention of Marriage between Lyman Bostwick of New IMllford 
and Rebeckah Bond of West Springfield was entered November the 23 
and published the 25, 1792. , i^ 

[To be continued.] ~, \ "^ 


Communicated by G. D. Socll, Esq., of Oxford, England, 

[Mr. Scull has sent us copious extracts from the papers of " The 
Society for Promoting and Propagating the Gospel in New Eng- 
land," which will appear in future numbers of the Register. The 
following documents are among the matter sent by him. — Editor.] 

Dear Sirs 

I received y" thankfully. A little before my receipt I had sent another 
much to the same purp )se fearing the first had miscarryed wherein I desired 
to know why New Englarid sticks itt was not in the least thought of mv 
heart to im[)Ute any thinge to y' neglect knowing right ueli yo"" abundant 
care and paines in y' great worke but fearing some obstruccon i;y reason of 
some ill affected spiritte as itt seemes to bee too true, but glade att my heart 

1882,] Rev. Thomas Weldes " Innocency Cleared.''^ 63 

y* yo' industry is coming to maturity. ^My dosire of paying raoueye heere 
was not to have itt donne upon M' Winthropes L're from New England 
but in case the wl;oole Court (whoe I conceived was to receive y^ moneye to 
bee here collected for the Indians good And to bee accomptable for itt how 
itt was disi)ursed) should signe a Bill and take itt as on theire owne Ac- 
compt And pay itt there with 1'2£ per cent advantaire as the manner is) to 
that very worke, in such a case I deemed not the least injurie could bee done 
to any, or give y^ lea>-t olience, hut however if you conceive itt not fitt. or if 
y* least impediment might but seeme to appeare I have done, better my 
debt perrish, then any shew of obstruction in such a buisnesse. S"" I most 
hartilye thank y'' for informing mee, what yo^ doe about the Contribucon 
for the Children, and for yo^ friendly ifaithfull and loving defence of mee 
and ]\P Peeters. as farr as yo"*" could before y^ Cornorarioti. God will Kecom- 
pence yo' love herein manifested, and I am confident will stirre upp others 
in like defence of yo"^ for the best men living (yo'' are sensible) may bee 
aspersed in publiqne buisnesse, doe his utmost best never so faithfully and 
fully to sliewe the like love and care, to preserve yo"" name when occasions 
requires as yo"^ have done myne. Glad am I that I have op{ortunitye 
hereby, to make my just defence to yo'"' and by yo* to the Corporation or 
to any others as occasion serves soe farre as may remove obstructions in the 
buisnesse which I leave to yo"" wisdonie to <loe as yo'^ see cause, that itt 
may appeare those guifts given for the good of Newe P^tigland were not in 
vaine. As for a peiticular and punctuail acco!nt)t (who gave and what and 
to what end and how r)aid) itt hath bene sent many yeares since to the Court 
of Newe England, whoe sent us thither aii<l betrusted us and itt hath bene 
cleared upp since, in soerauch, that lit aopeai-es all is [»aid. and farre moi-e 
then all, that (itte confesse'l) tliey are ranch in my debt and tiieire study is, 
how to repay mee, but take itt for prcoent. 

1. — Some of the Donors gave to a Coantrey stocke and to supply them 
with such things, as they there needeh tlii> was sent by Major Sedgwick y® 
first yeare wee came to the valine of tfive hundred [x^uml^, about Three 
hundred pound whereof wee pai I dovne (even ail wee had gotten) and y^ 
rest paid since, some of itt by brother Peeters and my selt>. and paid 
by the Countrey. M*" Pocockeonly twoe yt^ares since iia I if >rty p(Kindedne. 
but wee having nothinge left writt to the Countrey ami I ,-uopo.^e itte done 
ere nowe. 

2.— Others gave to the Colledge a^ul advance of learning which was paid 
(some little towarde y^ building of y" Colledge; p^r Bill, some to the Presi- 
dent for his gi-eate iahoure taken upon request of y^ fTeoflee-? of the Colledge 
(some laid out for Utensills for i\\<t Coihjdge by theire d-^sii'es as pewter. 
bra^s. Ironware, lynnen, some laid out in Bookes to supply theire Libiary 
and for erecting a schoole att Roxbury. besides twoe Schoilarshipps of o£ 
per unrmm, apiece settled for ever on the CoUeslge. 

3. — Some appropriated their Gifts to the Godly poore in New England 
which was sent accordingly, some to Mr {looker's disposing, some to m' 
Cotton's, some to Mr Syms, some to the elders of Cambridge and Roxbu- 
ry, some I sent myselfe to perticuler persons. 

4. — Some gave noe money but bookes to the Library, another fforty Gen- 
eva bibles to each Minister one, others gave some cloth woollen and lynnen, 
all which was sent witli directions, some gave publique tfaith bills, for which 
wee laid downe as much ready money as the bills procured and accounted 

5. — Some gave for preaching y® Gospell to y* natives, out of which 

64 Rev, Thomas Welch's " lunocency Cleared.^' [Jan. 

Twenty pounds per Annum is settled firmly by Indenture for ever for y* 
use whicli M"" Elliott hath had ever since hee sett upon that happie worke 
and Thirty pounds was sent since by Bill to receive. 

6. — There was about Ifive hundred pounds due from Newe Plymouth 
plantation to three Londoners which wee procured to bee given to the Bay, 
to whome itt was paid (as ^P Winslowe knowes) but itt never Came into 
our hands only one of the three refusing to give his share) Brother Peters 
and I were bound to pay him one hundred and Tenn pounds for his part, 
which not coming froui thence att the tyme the Bond expired wee were driv- 
en to pay out of our owne purses, after y^ Accompt was made upp, and are 
out of the money still. 

7. — Other moneys were given for transportacon of poore children in all 
Eight hundred and odd pounds) wliich was [laid for ttie same use for child- 
ren carrying in foure severall Shipps Seaven hundred pownds to M"" Down- 
inge and ^P Bourne the rest layd out for Apparrell, lynnen, woollen and 
for kee{>ii)g the Children some of them divers Monthes after wee received 
them before wee could gett tiiem Shipi All which both for receipts and dis- 
bursem*' I have given in my accompts upon Oath, which I Knowe was a 
way of God, and a finall meanes to clear innocencie, and avoyde strife and 
suspition for the future. And thereof I hope (yea and believe) such as 
knowe mee, and all others that are not resolved to Quarrel! (and truely if 
any bee soe, all can be said or donne is in vayne) will resc satisfied. What 
my paines, study, care have bene to discharge my trust, my fi>iends might 
see. I am sure my Conscience knowes, and how much I am like to bee a 
looser will not see (yet I blame not those Godly Soules there in New Eng- 
land but looke higher and sitt downe contented if any way I have bene 

S' this is all indeed more then all my tyme would give mee leave to write 
I leave itt to y"" wisdome love viz : to make what use itt deserves to shew 
itt any y' they may see, Cost in New England hath not bene cast away and 
what course 1 have taken and used to satisfie for tyme to come. 1 shall 
learue some points of wisdome I hope not to meddle noe more iu this. 

TJour ever iovinge 
Gateshead e respectful 1 friend 

January 2^ IC49. Tho: Weld. 



A just defence of m'' Weld & m*" Peters wherein 
their Sincere Litentions, and faithfid dealings, (con- 
cerning monies receive<l, for transfjorting poor 
children to N. Engl and other pious uses there, and 
how disbursed) are made known to y* world. 


with the reasons why it is now (after so many years revolu- 
tion) published, and not before. 

To silence the malitious, to sati:-;fie the Sober 

& to remove tlie oijstruction of y* contribution 

for propagateing the (ro.-pell to y* Natives iu 

New England. 

written by Tho: Weld. 

1882.] Rev. Thomas Weldes " Innocency Cleared.'' 65 

It is no woiuler to see the accuser of the Brethren still playing his old 
prancks, who having been a practitioner in this tra<le of his almost these 
GOOO yeers is now growne a master of this deviUish art and can doe it to 
purpose. iMany out of Mallice have too well learned Machiavels rule Calum- 
niare audacter, aliquid h;^rebit. Otliers out of weaknes, misinformation, 
misapprehension, and too much credulity, are too ready to speak eviil of 
things they know not. nor, endeed desire to know, before they asperse men 
and their actings ; w^^ certainely is a great breach of tliat Royall Law of love 
layd down by o"" Saviour, Matthew: 18. 15 and that holy coiriand of the 
Apostle Tit. 3. 2 to speak ev ill of no man viz w%ut certaine knowledge, a 
good call, in an irregular mafier, if these rules had been observed some men 
would not have been so free to traduce us in matters of trust for N Engl 
and in speciall about the transporting of poor children thitiier, of which we 
may say tliat if in any busines in the course of o'' whole lives wee were 
over-sollicitons, and circumspect it was in this, how we might discharge o"" 
consciences before God and men ; yet this we say also that of all the works 
that ever we undertooke we found this as the most troublesome and tedious 
to o"" selves so the most thanJdes from men. But who are wee ? that we 
siiold. for o"" best Endeavour, think to i:oe Wqq from Calumnies then o"" Dear 
Lord himselfe all his holy Apostles yea and all the blessed Saints even from 
Abell to these times ? No we wil huinnly lie downe at the feet of an All- 
wise Father and Comfort o"^ hearts in his acceptance of us and o*" worke, 
let men s{)eak their pleasure ; yet withall wee hold it o'" duty to clear o'' 
names, and tell the world what w^ee have received, and how Disbursed it, 
not onely in this one perticular, but in all other matters of trust for N. 

But why is this done now^ and not long agoe, when as its many yeers 
since the children were transported, and other monies Received for X. 

Its answered we thought we might altogether have spared this labour 
now having already done so much, long since, for the clearing our Inocency, 
for 1^ wee were rearly, in private, when any one, desired information to sat- 
isfie them, to the utmost, insomuch y' ve never knew any that inquired of 
us, but they did acquiesce in o"" answers: 2^^ When we understood that some 
did (heere and there) whisper against us, that would not come to o'' faces: 
and conceiving also, that more possibly might take otfence. then we were 
aware off: we took the best course we could, to remove such scruples: viz 
wee gott it {)rinted in one of the weeklv Occurrences (w*^^ ive knew would noe 
through many hands That if any deslrt-d to he fully satisfied in o"" receipts and 
disbursements for the poor childrens tran.^portation they might pleas to repair 
to M' Pococks shop at the plough in Watling street London and prase o^ ac- 
counts : wherefore a long time, we left them for that end, as divers can uit- 
nes. 3'^. Yet the last year (upon occasion of that ordinance for a General 
Contribution all over England, for the pro[)afrateing the Gospel to the Na- 
tives in N Engi) M' Edward Wiuslow (a cliief agent in that worthy worke) 
understanding from divers ministers (who used U) meet at Sion Colledge) 
the reason vvliy they were so slow in the furtherance of that contribution 
to bee, because they were unsatisfed in monies they had formerly collected 
for transporting children to New England and never knew how it was dis- 
posed and some went furiLer in blaming those that had been agents in that 

Now, M' Winslowe understariding thus much, wrot to M' VTeld at N. 
Castle, who presently wrote a ietier at large to sati=fie who"" it might cou- 

QQ Mev. Thomas Weldes " Innocency Cleared.^^ [Jun. 

cerne, how y® monies were flispo>ed. w*^^ letter ^V Winslowe himselfe car- 
ried to those ministers, comunicateJ it unto thera, and left it with them, 
who seemed much satisfied and had not to object (as wee were informed). 

Yet, now, after all this M"" Winslowe and y"" rest of the Gentlemen of N. 
Engl Corporation find (to their great griefe and troul)le) that there are 
still obstructions in that blessed and glorious worke (for so we may call it) 
both in y^ Citfy and Country, npoa this old Objection That they know not what 
became of the monies formerly gathered for N Engl and until they might 
knoic^ they should he loath to stlrr up others to contribute. 

Upon this double ground (viz: partly to clear o"" selves from any Imputa- 
tion : and partly to remove those rubbs out of the way whereat men stum- 
ble, in their Liberality towards one of the most excellent works that ever 
was done in y^ world: (I mean conveying y^ Glorious Gospel of Christ to 
the poor Indians who now worship the Divell) wee thou<iht God gives us 
a full call to tell y^ world what wee have received and how distributed such 
monies as were given for N. Engl into o"" hands, not onely for transporting 
poor children but all other uses : This (we say) is the reason why we did not 
publish this account before and why we do it now : Not before, because as 
we conceive we had done enough (in all reason) to satisfie all men that 
desire to be satisfied, and why we do it now, because we see the not doing 
of it is like to obstruct the carrying on the conversion of the poor natives in 
N. Engl, (a work of as much soul-mercy, and as much conduceing to lift up 
Christ his standard in the heathen world, as ever any was in d' times. 

The monies we received for N. Engl, were given for sundry ends and 
uses, transporting poor children thither : some for the good and benefit of 
the plantation in Generall: Others for pious uses in N. Engl, according as 
it pleased the donors. 

In all w*^^ we wil set down first, what was received and from whom — Sec- 
ondly, how disposed of by us, that o" actions may bee written with the beames 
of y® Sun. 

1. For y® monies we received for transportation of the children wee 
shall set it down as it was given in upon oath Feb. 4^^ 1645 to the Coiriittee 
of Accounts. 

— Received — 
Of M"" Walker, one of the Receivours ..... 

Of M'' Calamie the other Receiver .... 

(which we have under their own hands) 
Of the rest of the Parishes in London and out-Parishes (as may appear 

under the Clerks hands of y^ .several Parislies the 8ume of 
by Dr Holme ........ 

From Dedham in E^sex . . . . . 

From Yarmouth in Norfolk ...... 

From JSudbury in Suif(jlk ...... 

From Wrentham neer Yarmouth ..... 

















Total Same 832. 9. 5 

— Paid— 
To Emanuel Downing and Major Bourne (Mercliants, for transporting^ 

poor children into N. En;;! in three several ships (hired on pur- > 712. 10.0 
pose) as their own acquittance w^" we have to shew, doth tcstitie j 

More, to Major Bourne for 4'' more poor ehildrens transportation 
To Israel Stouffhton, ?j)('rchant, for two more children in his stiip 
To M'' Hutcherisoii at th*: Ant;'-ll in ('hiafjt-ide lor two more .■hiidren . 
To Mr ililliiird, uph(>al>terer, t'urniiill London for an addition of six "I 
bed-s for y*= children at sea . . . . . / 







1882.] Rev. Thomas Weldes '^ Innocency Cleared.''' 67 

For all charo;es in CoUectina; y* monies in Citty and Country, bringinir j> 

the Children to<;ether from all parts of the Citty and conveying y'" > 19. 19. 
to Gravesend etc. . . . . . . ) 

For cloathing guch ot the chikiren as wanted as also for diet for !Sun-"^ 
dry of them that wanted friends Inr ~ or 3 niontlis before they went ) 
to the Ship and Physiek and tendance for some of tliem tiiat lell j 
sick ....... J 

Engaged for 3 poor children more, also for their cloathes, diet and oth- \ 20 
er necessaries for tliem ..... , . . 

33. 19. 2 

Sume 832. 18. 2 

When this account was given in upon oath Major Bourne beino; then in 
London hearing of it, went, to the Com"^ and testified his Receipts, as 
above said. 

The parents and friends also of some of the poor ciiildren (for their 
benetitt in N. Kngl) coiTiittevl to o'' trust some finall sums, as followeth. 

For Mary Audlev . . £1. 0.0 Edward Morgen . . £2.10.0 

JohnLittlefield . . 2.10.0 Judith Michels ... 2. 0.0 

John Stiles . . 2. 0.0 2 Copelands £2. another £2 4. 0.0 
John Emery . . . 2.10.0 Mary Stamings — paiish 

for a poor child 1. 0. 

—in all 17. 10. 

Of all w^** pticular sums, and every childs Name for who tlie money was 
laid downe, we sent expres word to the -ALiiristi-ates in N Kngl, and desired 
the children might have the Benetit of it there, and charged o^elves with 
so much in o'' accounts to them. 

The parish of Terling in K^>ex sent Mr AVeld also. o£ for Thomas Beck- 
with, one of the poor children sent over, for which he paid him there, when 
his time was neere out £6. 5. as his acquittance shews. 

Besides these contributions from the parishes in a publique way (w'^'^were 
within cocfnizance of the Com'^* of ar'counts, that Renowned Noble Lady 
Armine gave into M"" Weld's hands 30£ for transporting poor children : w^*^ 
were sent by 3Lijor Bourne in a ship soon after y*^ rest. 

More than what is here st-t down (we {»roffss sincerely) we know not 
of one penny, that ever came into o' hand.> in a Fuoliijue or private way 
for this use. 

Object". — But ther were some of the children that were admitted into 
the number, aiid promised transportation, yet afterward were denied. 

Answer. — O'' promise to such as presented children to us, was still ondi- 
tionall that so far as the money would extend they shold be transported 
and not otherwise, but when the monies were all expended (as you have 
seen) we had no further power. 

Objects — But some of the children after they were accepted and shipped 
for the voyage, yet sent back to y' friends and parishes. 

Answer. — True — ther were about 5 or sent back from Gravesend, 
while they stayed for a winde, but it was upon discovery of some noysom 
and infectious diseases (before concealed from us) w*^*^. those children had 
upon them that t;ie umlertakers and masters of y® Ships feared the passage 
miiilit endanger their own lives and infect the rest, so tiiat they neither 
would, nor dared to venture to carry them : CL that this is so, we have it 
to shew under the hands that sent them back. 

68 liev. T/iojnas Welde's ^' Itinocency Cleared^ [Jan. 

Objec°. — But we gave it out, that we would go w^^ y® poor cliildreQ to 
N. Engl. 

Answer. — True it is, we expressed o'' resolution so to have done, but you 
know that neither you, nor wee are our own to dispose, but (as o' selves soe 
all o' waies) are wholly in that hand that ^\vaye>^ the sceptre in heaven: 
Hence the Apostle shar})ly reproves such as (even in lesser matters then 
these) were absolute and j)ereinpi',iry in their resolutions & did not refer 
all their goings and doings to his will, James 4. 13, 14, 15, therefore, that 
none might think we did equivocate, or had mentall reservations, when we 
so expressed ^''selves, we do heir (each of us for o^^elves) in y^ fear & pre- 
sence of Go.d, deliberately aliirm, that as we came from N. Engl w'^ a full 
purpose to return, so we firmly held that same resolution wlien we express- 
ed for y* voyage until providence itppeared clearly to o"" consciences to stop 
us in o' way. more then once or twice : in o'" ful intentions and preparation 
for y® voyage putting such cros bans in o' way that (indeed) we could not 
with good conscience i)!-eak tliorow fhem. 

2. Other monies were given (as above said) for the Benefit of the Plan- 
tation in Generall without reference to this or that use, viz 

Of Alderman Andrews 50£, of M"" Haiijfbton £20 
Of Alderman I hamber.« I'Oi, Captain Juckson '4.0£, 
Of M^ Dixson !0£, D^ (t,jrdun 5£, M^ Hunt I0£ . 
Of M-- Rich Hill 10£, M=- Butcher £5, W 3£ 
M^ IJeidy 5£, (V Player 5£, M"- Pe ise l£. M=- Ju^h ff)ot 5£ 
M"" Birnon 5£, M"" Sitarkie, •2£. M™ Wil-^jn l£ . 
M*- fct.tllam l£. JM^ Lee i£. a lady in m:\rk Lane 3£ 

iM"" Reinon, nuniHter. sent fruui Lmcolu*' 57£ I2s, M"" John Weld minister 18 75. 12. 
M"" llutchent^'m in )>u^'^ique iaith bills . . . 13. 10. U 

M- Lystie5£, m'- Haria(-kenden3£ . . . . . 8. 0. 

The Executrix of Mr. Good wine of Beilolt in Essex (given by his will) 50. 0. 
Major General Skippen . . . . .' . 10. 0. 















Suuie 329[?j2. 

All which wee sent to N. Engl, a' themselves well know by IM.ijor Sedge- 
wick in y* year 1G44 and gave in ,</ accounts to y^ magistrates there speci- 
fying each donor's name, and their sr .-cL-iot was sent us untier the hand of the 
auditor Geneia'] w'^'^ v/e have to slvc we. 

3. A third .^ort of Gifts were for jjvtjus uses in n. Eng^ viz Some, for the 
advancement of Learning in the Coxledge and schools: some for y* Godly- 
poore : and others towards the conversion of y® natives &c tic. 

— Received — 

Of y*- Renowned Lady y® La: A;imine who gaue ont of pious zeal 20£ 
per annum for ever for y* preacher m y^ poor Indians in n. Engl: wh hath 
bene ever since and is yeerly pai€ for y^ use of M*" Eliot (a painful and 
faithful! servant of Christ in y* worke). 

Of y^ Ilonore<l Lady y" La: ]\loul-ham who (out of Christian desire to ad- 
vance good learning) gave an 100£ to be improved in n. Engl: in y^ best 
way for y* help of some poore Sc!w>lar, or scholars in y^ Colledge, & to be 
settled for y^ use : w'^^ beini: given in upon account to y^ State there, & y^ 
pious desire of y*^ Lady -igniii'd: ihj-x settled 10£ per annum for ever U{)Oa 
two poore Scholars in y'' Colledges »>£ a peece. 

Of Mr Bridges (a man very emiiuient for Pietie) who bequeathed to y* 

1882.] Bev, Thomas Weldes " Innocencij Cleared:' 69 

Coll. in n. Engl. 50£ w*^^ was paid us in wollen cloath; but when it was 
about to be sent, we received order from j*-' Governour & Trustees of y® 
Coll. to pay it to alderman Addams in Loudon, for so much rec*^ in n. 
En<rl of M"" Sparrowhawke for y"^ use of y^ Colledge. So we paid that 50£ 
to him & received his acquittance. 

Of y^ same Gentleman 2o£ more, w^^ he also bequeathed to the poore iu 
n Engl & appoiiited y' Mr Hooker, Mr Simes Mr Peters & ^I"" Wells should 
have y^ trust of disposing of. and accordingly we sent s^[?] to M"^ Hooker & 
as much to Mr Simes to distribute <?b o'selves sent y® rest according to o"^ 

Other gifts were given for y^ godly poore in n. Engl by some citizens 
and some others, as wollen & linnen cloath, cloathes, shoes &c. all w''^ we 
sent over to the Governour & others to see disposed accordingly. 

More given in monie by M'" Greenhill to y^ Coll. . . . 7. 0. 

Mr Ilolbeach ISchoolmaster in Essex 20£, another unknown 2£ 10. . 24. JO. 

]Mr Geo. Glover ■2£ for 2 bookes, rars Glover iO£ ... 12. 0. 

Mr Richard Andrewes to y-^ po<->re . . . . . 5. 0. 

A Gentlewumnn (who desires her name might be concealed) to y® Coll "> 50 
& other pious uses in N. E. . . . . . / " ' 

Sume 98. 10. 

To M"" Ovie in London upon bill charged on us by the Trustee? of the) 

Coll. for so much rec^ of him in n Ensb for y^ use of the Culledge / 
To Mr Clarke alsij upon hill, for y*^ same use .... 
To goods sent fur by y^ Trustees of y*-' Cull for p-sent use, viz. brasse,) 

peauter, iron ware, table cloathes &c &c . . . / 

In boukes sent over by request to y*^ Coll Library . . 

For transporting; bookes given by ray L<)rd Judge S' John and Mr Sansom 
Fur binding 90 Geneva bib.les aiven in sheets to n Engl. 
To D"" Ames his two Sonns in y*-" Col by request .... 
Towards y«^ transporting two poore n. Engl people into n Engl. 
Towards y*? erection of a Gramar schole in Kuxbury and some bookes to it 
To the Godly poore m Cambridge in n Engl .... 

To the poore of Roxbury & S')me others .... 

To Mr Shearly, merchant, in London for so much reC^ by his appoint™* ) , .^ ^ ,-v 

in n. Engl, fur a stock for y^ poore & other pious uses . > . • 

Sume 216. 2.7 
























Thus it clearly appears (& we afnrme it as in y^ p/sence of God) y' we 
are so farr from gaining by ought we rec'^ fur N. Engl (w"*^ thing o"" very 
soules doe loath and abhorr) y' (as you see) wee have disbursed for pious 
uses more then we ever rec"^ in England upon y' score to y^ value of 
£117.12.2 besides other considerable sums & paym^* w""^ we think not 
fitt to mention : or else the Court in n Engl would never have done (as 
upon o"^ accounts given in to them they have done) acknowledged (under 
M*" DuncoQ your Auditour Generalls hand) themselves iu o"' dei)t, many- 
scores of pounds & signed bills for repaym^ 

We have now, but two things humbly to desire, 1'* y' all well minded 
peojde would not be so ready to censure men <S: their actions (as some have 
dealt by us) before they have good ground for such censures. 

2^ that (this stone of offense being now, rowled away) tliere may be 
no obstruction, either in good peoples contributing, or in godly ministers 


70 Deed of Gov, BelUngham to John Davenport, [Jan. 

exciting their people to contribute freely to this glorious worke on foote for 
ready then millions in England to embrace it when its heald out unto them, 
houlding fourth the L** Jesus Christ to those wofull soules y* now sitt in utter 
darknes & goedowne to hell by troopes for want of light who heare are more 
It will be no greife of heart to you (deare brethren) in time to come to re- 
member (you doubtlesse in y"" hower of y'' dissolution, a marvilous comfort 
to consider) y' you have bene happy instruments, in Gods hands to advance 
y® kingdome of y"" deare Lord & pull poore heathen soules out of the very 
mawe of y' Great Devourer: & to see this ac't of the lost soule-mercy in 
the world standing on your accounts in y® glorious day of Chr: who if he 
will, then take notice of the least corporail mercy (even one cup of water 
given, in love to any of his poore thirsty saints) can he possibly forgett such 
an act of pure love as this of yours, as shall redound to many thousands of 
soules, to save them from the bottome of hell ? who by y"" meanes, may, one 
day, come to meet you in y^ highest heavens *&; blesse god for you c^c wspf?] 
you to all eternitie. Tho: Weld, 




Comraanicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

^r^ilE deed here given in full is from the original ''Fourth Book 
J- of the Records of the Notary Publick of the Massachusetts 
Colony of New England," a fragment of which was recently found 
among the Suffolk Court papers. On the left hand margin of this 
manuscript book, page 168, is pinned a slip of paper, in a contem- 
porary hand writing, of wdiieh the following is a literal copy : 

" The attest of m"" Davenports originall deed from m"" Belliugham writ 
upon the back side of said originall is as followeth. 

This within written deed together with what is here Indorsed being 
brought to me the vrider written Notary by the hands of m'^ John Daven- 
port onely sonne of the within specified John Davenport And at the re- 
quest of said John Davenport the sonne, Recorded in pac^e 1G8, fourth 
booke of the Records of the Notary Publick of the Massachusitts Colonic 
of New Engl, the 6^*" of ffebr 1G72 p R. II. not: publ Colonial prx-dict." 

These Notarial Records have lon^r been sou^iht for. The findinix 
of this fragment answers in part a query made by Mr. John T. llas- 
sam in the Register for July, 1877 (xxxi. 331), and again in a 
communication entitled ''Missing Records," in the Boston Evening 
Transcript, Nov. 5, 1881. The deed is as follows : 

Co all ^-l3rir4tta]l people to whom this present writing shall come 
Richard Beilingliani of Boston in the ^lassacluHctt.s Colonic of New Eng- 
land Esq' and Penelope his wife sends greeting XUlOtl) PtC That wee the 
said Richard Bellingham and Penelope my said wife for & in consideration 

1882.] Deed of Gov, Bellingham to John Davenport. 71 

of the sume of tenn shillings and for diverse other good causes & considera- 
tions vs therevnto moveing i)cli3C voluntarily & freely given graunted enfe- 
offed & confirmed. And by these presence doe give graunt eufeoffe & con- 
firm vnto m'John Davenport sen. his heiers & a-sigues ^ pnUCCU of ground 
in Boston aforesaid, The one end thereof bounded with the street or high 
way P]ast the other end with the new erected fence & land of me the said 
Richard Bellingham (of w*^'' this land hereby granted was a part) w^est. 
One side with the garden of m"" Humpbery Davie South, the other side 
bounded with the garden of Robert Howard in part & the gardin of John 
Hull w*^^ is in the possession of Humpbery Hodges in part North, iiCO 
IiaUr JjOllI pOSSCGSr iUiJCn't nnti nUOP the afore granted premisses 
and all and every part thereof as before bounded with the appurtenances 
priviledges & commodities thereof & therevnto belonging as aforesaid vnto 
the said John Davenport his heiers & assignes To the onely proper vse & 
behoofe of the said John Davenport his heiers & assignes for ever in such 
large & ample sort mann' & forme as wee the said Richard Bellingham & 
Penelope my said wife may graunt convey & assuer the same, ^Utl wee the 
said Richard Bellingham and Penelope my said wife doe hereby covenant 
and graunt for vs & ower heiers That the afore graunted prem.isses with all 
& every the appurtenances & privileges thereof as aforesaid vnto the said 
John Davenport his heiers & assignes, against vs & our heiers, wee shall & 
will w^arrant <Sc for ever defend by these presents j:n lUltUCJGSC wiiereof 
wee the said Richard Bellingham and Penelope my said wife haue herevnto 
put our hands & seales the sixth day of September in y* yeare of our Lord 
one thousand six hundred sixty nine Annoq Regni Regis Caroli secundi 
xxj°. Richard Rellingham (his seale) vppon a labell, 

Penelope Bellingham (her seale) vppon a labell, 

Indorsed thus, This within written deed was signed sealed & delivered 
with possession given &c. in presence of Edward Woodman Edmond 
Eddenden Ita attest p Robert Howard not; publ. This was acknowledged 
by the within named Richard Bellingham Esq*" & Penelope his wife to be 
their act & deed vppon the xvj'^ day of the 7^^ month Anno Dni. 16G9 be- 
fore me Samuel Symonds. 

The originall of this next afore goeing deed being brought to me the 
vnder written Notary by the hands of m^ John Davenport onely sonne 
of the aboue specified John Davenport, And at the request of said 
John Davenport the sonn here recorded the 6'^ day of tfebr^ 1672. p 
Robert Howard not : publ. colonial pra^dict. 

The Rev. John Davenport, orrantee in the above deed, was born at Coventry, co. 
Warwick, in 1597. He was of Mertun ColleLre, Oxford, and of Magdalen Collei^e, 
and was made V'icar of Sc. Stephen?, Colman street, London. In 1633 he fled to Hol- 
Innd to escape persecution, but returned to Encrland ; embarked (or New Enirland, 
arrivinj; at liostoa in the Hector, June 'J6, 1637, settled at New Haven, Ct.. April 
14, 1038, removed to Bo'Jtijn in 3Iay, 1667, and was installeti the Uth of December 
following, as pastor of the First (church in B,»ston ; died in Bi)Ston ^ylarcii 15, 1069- 
70. The ministry of Mr. Davenport lasted about fitty-two yeare, namely, nearly 
twenty years in England, thirty in New Haven, and ahout two in Bi^^ton. His only 
child John, horn in London, came with his parents to America in 1037, was made 
freeman at New Haven, .May 15, 1057 ; marrieil Nov. 27, 1003, Abi<;ail, dauL'hter of 
the Rev. Abraham Pierson, the first Rector of Yale Collei^e. He removed t(j Boston 
in 1008, was Ke^^ister of Probate from Jan. 31. 1075, to August 17, 1076, and died 
Boon after. His will is on file at the Sutfolk Ke:^istry of Probate, but is not on rec- 
ord. An abstract of the will is appended to this article. 

The second John, the Register of Probate, had six children, viz., John ; Elizabeth, 

72 Deed of Gov. Btlllngham to John Davenport. [Jan. 

•who married Warhara Mather, JuJue of Prohate at New Haven ; John, ai;:ain (the 
Rev. John, of Stamford, Conn., formerly of East Hampton, L<^ng Island) ; Abraham, 
died yountr; Abiijail, Avho married Kev. James Pierpont, of New Haven, and Mary, 
married iirst to Nathaniel Weed, afterwards to Mr. Wade, both of New Harcn. 
See Register, ix. 116-150, and The History and Gcneohxfy of the Davenport Family, 
New York. 1851 ; and Supplement, Stamford. Conn.. IST6. 

On the lOth of June. 1693, the estate described in the above deed was sold by 
Abigail Davenport, widow, and administratrix ot the estate of her husband, John 
Davenport, late of Boston, merchant — as he is styled in this instrument — deceased, 
with John Davenport of New Haven, clerk, James Pierpont of New Haven, clerk, 
lately the husband of Al>igail Pierpoint, deceased, and Elizabeth and Mary Daven- 
port — then called spinsters— all children of ttie said John Davenport deceased, who 
was the son of the <i;rantee, Rev. John Davenport. In consideration of the sum of 
170 pounds current silver money of New England, paid by Robert Sanderson, .sen., 
goldsmith, Henry AUine, carpenter, and Joseph Uridi^ham, tanner, all of B(3Ston, 
deacons of the First Church in Boston, as trustees for said Church, this property, 
granted by (tov. Richard Reilingh;ira and Penelope his wife, to the Rev. John Dav- 
enport in 1669, WHS sold tiiem. Witnessed by Samuel Bishop and Isaac Jones, and 
acknowledired by the grantors, June 20, 1693. Entered July lltli of the same year 
pf Joseph \Ve!ls, Clerk. 

Power of Attorney given to Jeremiah Dummer, <r<">ldsraith, to deliver over said 
property to the trustees mentioned, June 20, 1693. Suffolk Deeds, Lib. xvi. fol. 133- 

In this deed the land is described as follows : 

" All that certain ^Messuage or Tenement with the appurtenances and 
land thereunto belonginf:: Scirtuate Ivino; and being iu Boston afores*^ bein;^ 
butted and bounded on the East end with the Streete or Highway leading 
from Prison Lane up to the Common or Traynins: field, on the West end 
with land heretofore appertaining to Richard Bellingham, Escf deceased 
(of which this land here by granted was once a part) on the South side with 
the Garden and land of the late Humphry Davie Esc^'dec"^ iu the present Ten- 
ure and occupacon of Gabriel Barnou Merch' and on the Northerly side in 
part with the Garden of Robert Howard dec'^ now appertaining to the said 
Gabriel Barnou, and in part by the land of the late John Hull Esq*" dec^" 

Abstract of the Will of Mr. John Davenport, 1676. 
John Davenport of Boston, To my wife 40 pounds, besides what was her owne 
•when I married her. For my children. I leave it to my wife & overseers, oneiy i desire 
y' my sonn John may bee a Schollar if the Estate will beare it. M'' Humtrey Davy 
& m"" Anthony Stodder to be overseers, m"" Jones & m"" Bishop overseers of ray Es- 
tate att New Haven. Silver plate in y^ howse, I leaue my wife two thirds of it for 
her vse, & as fbr my bookes in my Study I irive vnto my son I^atine, Greek & He- 
brew & y*^ manuscript w''^ was his grandfathers &" some English bookes w^'^ is ne- 
cessary &. y remainder of the bookes' vnto my wife ^Children. 31 October 1676. 

Joh: Dace'port. 
In presence of 
Sam' N\ illard 

Henry Holden who deposed 
Nov' 13. 76. Adin'" granted unto m" Davenport 


Jn'^ Davenports declared minde 1676. 

Inventory of the estate rendered 19. 10. 1676. Amt. £. 136; 12: 06 
The bookes vallewed by m^ Ja: Allen & m-^ Sam" Willard, £90. 

1882.] Capt, John Gerrish^s Accoiuit Booh. 73 



Communicated by Frank W. Hackett, Esq., of Portsmouth, N. H. 

]MOXG the valua])le papers belonging to ^Irs. Timothy Ger- 
rish, of Kittery Point, Me. (now in her eighty-fourth year) , that 
relate to the history of the early settlements upon the Piscataqua, 
there deserves to be mentioned a small and neatly kept book of ac- 
counts, evidently in the hand-writing of Captain John Gerrish, of 
Dover, that records some if not all of his business transactions at his 
saw-mill at Bellamies Bank in 1686-7. This little book, of fifty-sLx 
leaves, without a cover, contains entries on nearly every page, all 
legibly \yritten by the same hand. It preserves the names of no less 
than one hundred and forty individuals, for the most part citizens of 

The first entry is "An acount of y*' Masting Agust 9^^^ 1686," 
giving measurements of masts and "Boesprits." Next is an " ac- 
ount of tobaco an mony acount," beginning with "R.W." [Kichard 
"Waldron ?] , who is charged with " i cut x tobaco ;" after which comes 
a long list of charges for liquor, scored in qts. and pts. "will. Ar- 
ington had i qu burnd Liq' :" and Jno Willy was " pay*^ 2 qu L 
for bringing up his oxen " at Oyster River. 

There was work at Madbury, probably upon a bridge. This is 
" Mr. Davisses crew Madbery worke." 

Jiio Dugles Jno Tomson The Dovtds 

Rich Matune Rich. Millar Franc: Small 

Rich Cany Benj Cotton - Ro: Euons Jun'" 

Trustrom Herd Jno Russell Jo: Twomly 

"Will Aringtou Clem Short Jno Cook 

Sam Couer Denis Black will 

Saiu Small Sam: Barton Jno Dunking 

Benj: Nason Tho Roberts Baker Nassou 

Vy'ill Tasket Jefrys Jenkings Jno Davis his Man 

Ileiicry Rice Jno Twomly 

An " acount at oyster Riuer abought haye," with charges for 
oxen "hailing haye," is followed by further accounts for liquor. 
Then there are charges for miscellaneous goods, including " i payr 
ehues to Benj Nasson," and " i payr french sols to frank small;" 
alec "i New barell to m*" Lord & i New barell to Grenland." 

The food and drink of a certain set of men appears under the 
head of "act whithall Liq' del." A memorandum of service is as 
follows : 

"hired will Sanders for 30' p month until y^ Last of feburary next 10' 
of y* holl in Mony: y^ R'^st in goods as we J^ell others for mony to beijin 
y'^ first of No. 1 <)>>(). Bluk will came No: 0'^: 86 Jno Dunken com No: 
12: 8G lienj: Xasson com 23: No: 86 Joseph Barnot came : Dessem : 
8''^ Jeremy Tibeta . 2U'^ Dessem." 

74 Capt. John Gerrish's Account Booh, [Jan. 

Interspersed in other tobacco and liquor accounts are to be found 
charges for "Xayles (both "sing" and "doubell," as well as " tak " 
and "clabord" — Xayles) for " viniger," " shuger," " yds ozenbrig"," 
"french hell shues," "pipes," "stirips," "oyle," "skaines silke," etc., 
which shows that some sort of "store" was kept at tiie saw-niill. 

In November, 1686, and in the winter of 16<SV, work was done 
"aboun-ht ye Bridire at Laiii Riuer." The followin^^ is a list of the 
men employed at Lamprey Eiver : 

Jno Dugles Rich: Canny Jno wiiiget 

Ro: Tomson Rich: ]Mattim Jno Tomson 

Petter Tomson Richard Hilton Ezekill wiutworth 

Sam Shaw Jno Church Siil wintworth 

Sain peas Jeremy Gilman The Downs 

Ben Cotton Jno Russel Tho Makings 

Spot Denis ed hilton 

Jno. hillton Jno wodget wintrop 

Sam. his Bro. hilton will hilton 

We find Captain Gerrish making certain payments which he en- 
tered under the head of " Disburstments for the Prouince." 

Pd m* wodly Mony 05 00 

Pd m' godyar Mony 05 00 

Pd Ditto for expens 01 00 

Pd Ditto 

Pd 10- to y^ westward \ qO 10 

tor ye JiiUidenses j 

Pd 5' to Capt Stilman 00 5 

Pd 11°^ of Bords 

Pd Lord [?] 10£ Mony 
Among other names not heretofore mentioned will be found (some 
of them several times repeated) those of—Charles Adams, Jeremy 
Burnam, Benj: Barnard, Benj: Bikford, Hump, chadborn, Phill 
cauerly, Gorg chesly, Phillip chesly, Tho chesly, Jno dark. Ed : 
coffin, Peter coffin, Trustram Coffin, James Dauis, Jos. Dauis, 
Jams Derry, Denis Downing, will durgen, Capt Euons, Ed Euons, 
Tho Edgerly, Daniell furbyr, Sam furnel, Mark Goyles, Moses Gil- 
man, Moses Guttensby, will hely, Tho Ilanscom^ Tho Hanson, 
Timothy Hanson, Tobyas Hanson, Nat Hill, Jams Hugings, Ro 
Howard, Joseph Jones, M' Jonson, Jno Knight, ed Lethers, Pet- 
ter Masson, Joseph Meder, Harry Meredy, Jno Mitchill, Petter 
Noys, M"" Thos Paine, will Partridg, Jno Pitman, Joseph Pitman, 
Nat. Ran, Benj: Rawlens, Sam Rawlens, Joseph Roberts, Samp- 
son [negro], ed Small, Jno Shaply, Jams Smitli, Clem Short, 
Bar: Stevenson, Arther Stent, Xath: Stephens, Ed. Taylor, Jams 
TvOmas, Rich Tomson, Jona: wotsen, eld wintworth. Pall wint- 
worth, Jno Wood sen% Jno wood jn , Jno woodman. 

I have taken pleasure in copying the book entire, and have pre- 
fixed to the copy an index of names. The MSS. I have deposited 
with the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, where I 
venture to hope it may be found useful for future reference. 

1882.] Longmeadoic Families, 75 


Communicated by Willard S. Allex, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from vol. xxxv. page 359.] 

Col. Jonathan Plale, son of Jonathan and Lydia Hale, was married .Time 
13, 17G'j, to ^lary Keep, dau2;hter of Samuel and Mary Keep. They had 
110 children. Col. Jonathan Hale having served his country and town in 
the several capacities of a military officer, a justice of the }>eace, a .•select- 
man, town clerk and treasurer, he died March 9, 1806, and left his estate 
to his brotliers' and sisters' children. 

Lieut. Hezekiah Hale, son of .Jonathan and Lylia Hale, was married 
July 10.1709, to Miriam Bliss, daughter of Aaron and Miriam Bli^s. He 
died ^nly 26, 1813. aired 73. His widow Miriam Hale married Gad Col- 
ton, Esq., April 3, 1816, and died July 8, 1831, age 73. 

\_Parje 142.] Nathan Hale, son of .Jonathan and Lydia Hale, was mar- 
ried April 26. 1778, to Mrs. Salome Robbins, widow of Samuel Robbins of 
Canaan, and daughter of the Rev. ]\Ir. .Jonatlian Lee of Salisbury. Conn. 
Their children — Eliza, born Feb. 18, 1779, <lied Jan. 11, l-^Oo.* Lydia, 
born April 4, 1781. Nathan Metcalf, born Feb. 12, 1783, went to South 
America about 1810. Clarissa, born Jan. 8. 1786. Harriet, born Feb. 
22, 1788. Jonathan Lee, born May 31, 1790. Caroline, born Oct. 10, 
1795. Lydia was married to the Rev. John Keeo of Blanford, .June 2, 

John Hale, son of Silas and Hannah Hale, was married Nov. l'>. 1792, 
to Eunice Colton, daughter of Closes and ILmnah Colton of AViliiraham. 
Their children — Silas, born Dec. 11. 1793. Rhilanda, born Feb. 2, 1796. 
Hannah, born Aug. 10, 1798, died March 15, 1843. John the nither died 
Sept. 14, 1737, aged 74. 

Elam Hale, son of Abuer and Martha Hale, was married to Elizabeth 
Pease, 1798, daughter of Emery Pease, Esq., of Somers. Their children — 
Elam, born Aug. 2, 1801. p:]iza, born March 15.. 1807, died Jun. 19. ISOS. 
Elizabeth the mother died March 10, 1827, a^^e 60. Elam Hale died Feb. 
15, 1830, aged 61 years. 

\_Page 143.1 David Hale, of Longmeadow, son of Abner and !\Iartha 
Hale (page 140) was married May 5, 1808. to Rebecca Wool worth, daugh- 
ter of Azariah and Rebecca Wool worth. Their children — Eliza, born Feb. 
14, 18o9. David Burt, born Sept. 1, 1811. Rebecca Coolev, born June 
3, 1813, died Sept. 26, 1814. Rebecca Field, born Sept. 4, 'l815. Solo- 
mon, born Au^. 29, 1817. Henry, born August, 1819. Fannv, born .July 
2, 1825. Franklin, July 15, 1822. 

Chauncy Hale, of Longmeadow, son of Abner and Martha Hale, was 
married Nov. 27, 1810, to Lois Lomis. Their children — Charles Backus, 
born Feb. 21, 1812. William, born March 29, 1,^15. Lois . [ Va- 
cant to page 146. 

John Hancock, of Springfield, was married Nov. 19, 1713, to Anna 
Webb. Their children — Marvv born Feb. 2'2, 1716. John, born Mav 20, 
1717, died Feb. 6, 1770. Anna, born July 14, 1719, died June 21, 
1740. Abel, born Jan. 19, 1721, died Nov. 29, 1807. Abner, born Aug. 
9, 1722. Jonathan, born Aug. 4, 1724. Mabel, born Feb. 2, 1726, died 

76 LongmeadoiD Families^ [Jan. 

Nov. 10, 1806. Thomas, born May 10, 1727, died :\rarch 4. 1804. Jabez, 
bom July 29, 1728. William, born Oct. 26, 1729. Experience, born 

Nov, 2, 1730, died Sept. 7, 1780. Daniel, born , died July 18, 17S4. 

Abigail, born Jan. 12, 1734. jMercy, born An^. 25, 1735. The families 
of the sons, see in paries succeeding this. Mabel was married Jan. 12, 

1749, to George Cooley. and after his death to Capt. Joseph Ferry, Nov. 
29, 1797, and died in Sprini^field Nov. 10, 1806. Abigail was married 
Oct, 19. 1752, to Jabez Cooley. Mercy was married Sept. 18, 1755, to 
David Bonner. Anna the mother died July 6, 1771. 

John Hancock, son of John and Anna, was married Nov. 22, 1744, to 
Mary Kilborn. Their children — John, born Oct. 4. 1745, died Nov. 14, 
1745. John, born Feb. 14, 1747. Mary the mother died. John Han- 
cock the father was married again. July 11, 1754, to Abigail Terry. Their 
children — Marv, born Sept. 1, 1755. John, born Aug. 16, 1756, died June 
14, 1759. Moses, born Dec. 20, 1759. ' Hulda, born Aug. 27, 1760. 
John, born Oct. 28, 1701. Caroline, born May oO, 1763. Lucy, bora 
Aug. 2, 1764. Freegrace, born . John Hancock the father died Feb. 

6, 1770. 

[Page 147.] Abel Hancock, of Springfield, son of John and Anna 
Hancock (page T16), was married March 13, 1748, to Eunice Parsons. 
Their children — Eunice, born Oct. 21, 1749. Abel, born Sept. \\, 1751. 
Sabra, born July 23, 1755, married to Martin Warriner, Oct. 5, 1780. 
Piercy, born May 3, 1760. Naomy, born Oct. 10, 1764. Abel the father 
died Nov. 29, 1807. 

Jonathan Hancock, of Springfield, son of John and Anna Hancock, was 
married to Susanna Thompson, published March 1, 1755. Their children — 
Roxylana, born [March 22, 1757. Ruth, born April 24, 1759. Naomy, 
born Oct. 14, 1764. Lewis, born May 9, 1767. Jonathan, born Julv 27, 

Thomas Hancock, of Longmeadow, son of John and Anna Hancock, 
was married Nov. 16, 1749, to Jemima Wright, daughter of Benjamin and 
Mary Wright, of Chicopee. Their children — Jemima, born ^lay 24, 1750. 
Diademia. born March 2, 1753. Anne, born Jan. 14, 1756. Elijah, born 
June 24, 1758, died of the small-pox. Jonathan, born Feb. 19. 1761, died 
June 21, 1780. Tliomas, born Nov. 21, 1763. Sarah, born June 4. 1768. 

Eunice, born March 26, 1772. Jemima was married to Wright. 

Diademia was married to Nathaniel Warriner, of Wilbraluim. Anne was 
married to Major Joseph Parsons, of Elnfleld, April 19, 1779. Elijah died 
in the revolutionary war. Thomas the father being reduced, was a pauper 
of the town of Longmeadow several years, and died March 4, 1«04. Tho- 
mas the son, with his mother and his family, removed into the state of New 

l^Poge 148.] William Hancock, of Springfield, son of John and Anna 
Hancock, was married to Hannah Long, of Windsor, published ?.larch 14, 

1752. Their children — William, born 31ay 14, 1753. Oliver, born May 

7, 1755, died .June 9, 1759. Cloe, born Sept. 22, 1757. Oliver, born Dec. 

8, 1759. Zachariah, born Nov. 30, 1761. Meribah, born S«'pt. 19, 1763. 
Alpheus, born Nov. 15, 1765. Hannah, born Dec. 24, 1768. Elizabeth, 
born Aug. 20, 1774. 

Jabez Hancock, son of .John and Anna Hancock, was m;irri(;d Nov. 29, 

1750, to Uachel ^Vriglit, daughter of Benjamin and ^lary Wright, of Chic- 
ope. Their children — Abner, born April 24, 175L Jabez, born Nov. 2v), 

1753. Freelove, born .June 7, 1756. Rachel, born Oct. 30, 175S. Lori- 
Da, bora lilarch 18, 1761. Rosanna, born Aug. 4, 1763. Loranda, bora 

1882.] Longmeadow Families, 11 

April 12, 17G6. Pliebe, born May 31, 17G8. UriaK born April 18, 1772. 
Gad, born Sept. 4, 1774. Btithsheba, born July 25, 1777. P'reelove was 
married July 9, 1778. to Stepiien Chandler, of Longmeadovr, son of Ste- 
phen and Mary Chandler. Rachel was married April 11, 1778. to Samuel 
Kibbe. Jabez Hancock the father, with the greater part of his children, 
removed to the town of Paris, state of New York. 

Daniel Hancock, of Longmeadow, son of John and Anna Hancock, 
was married to Lucy Long, of Windsor, published October 12, 1754, 
Their children — -Abiel. born Dec. 5, 1755. Lucy, born Oct. 26, 1757. 

Abiel, born Sept. 27, 1761, died June 24, 1820. Lucy . Lucretia, 

born Feb. 12, 1764. Sybel, born Sept. 7, 17 66. Lovisa, born vSept. 28, 
1768. Daniel, born Dec. 24, 1770. Azariah. born 1773. Ariel, born 
1779. Jonathan, born . Daniel Hancock the fother died eJuly 18, 1784. 

\_Page 149.] William Haiicock, of Enfield, son of William and Han- 
nali Hancock, was married to Triphene Chandler, daughter of Stephen and 
Mary Chandler. They were published Jan. 3, 1778, were married Jan. 21, 
1778. Their children — a still-born child, Nov. 16, 1778. Triphene, b. Feb. 
14, 1780. Mary, b. Feb. 22. 1782. Triphene the mother died May 10, 1784. 
William Hancock the father was married again May 2(], 1785, to Margaret 
Cooley, daughter of Aaron and Ruth Cooley. Their children — Roswel. b. 
March 28, 1786. Orra, b. March 16, 1788. Tirza, b. Jan. 7, 1790. Wil- 
liam, born July 10, 1792. Moses, born July 11, 1795. Margaret, born 
Jan. 16,1798, died Jan. 8. 1816. William Hancock died by cutting his 
own throat with a razor May 27, 1803. 

Alpheus Hancock, son of William and Hannah Hancock, was married 
June 1, 1785, to Abigail Steel, daughter of Sarah and Aaron Steel. Their 
children — Aaron, born July 22, 1785. Abigail, born Nov. 15, 1787. Ase- 
nath, born ^Nlarch 3, 1790. Harris, born June 23, 1792. Hervy, born 
Aug. 24, 1794. Hervv. born April 11, 1797. Amanda, born Feb. 24, 
1800. Hermon, born Jan. 29, 1802. Herskil, born March 11, 1804. 
Hart, born Oct. 8, 1806. 

Azariah Hancock, son of Daniel and Lucy, was married Dec. 23. 1792, 
to Ruth Burkit. She was born Oct. 14, 1769. Their children — Michael, 
born May 8, 1793. Lucy, born July 13, 1795, died Aug. 20, 1796. Lucy, 
born June 17, 1797, died Oct. 18, 1798, George, born Jan. 10, 1800. 
Lovice, born Aug. 17. 1802. Daniel, born April 14, 1805. Esther, born 
Feb. 7, 1809. \_~Vacant to page 152.] 

John Hills, th.e first of the name in Longmeadow. He was married to 
Deliverance Craw. They lived in North Bolton, where it is supposed their 
children were born. They removed to Longmeadow about the year 1760, 
and settled on a hwm. purchased of Israel Phelps. Their children — Mar- 
garet, who was married to Joseph Stephens. John, who married Cloe 
MillinfTton. Jacob, who married Love Pease, daughter of Cummins Pease. 
Deliverance, wlio was married to Joseph Pierce, Aug. 27, 17G0. Isaac, 
who married Abigail Kini/, daughter of Benjamin King. Joseph, who mar- 
ried Eunice Kibbe. Stephen, died. Stephen, died. Hulda, who was mar- 
ried to King. Anne, who was married to William Brooks. Re- 
becca, who was married to Ebenezer Pease, son of Cummins. Mary, who 
was married to Isaac Kibbe, of Enfield, son of James. Moses, who was 
m.arricd to ^lary White. Tlie families of Jacob and ]Moses, see liereafter. 
The families of the other sons are not here known, as they settled in remote 
parts. John Hills the father died Dec. 4, 1782. Deliverance the mother 
died Sept. 3, 1786. 

[To be continued,] 
. VOL. XIXVI. 8 

78 Letter from Roger Williams ^ 1656. [Jan. 


Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

THE following letter of Mr. "VYilliams, which is printed from a 
copy without any address, is not found in the published col- 
lections of the Xarragansec Club, of Providence, R. L, nor among 
the additional letters appended to the Rev. Dr. Dexter's edition of 
the newly discovered tract by Williams entitled, "Christenings make 
not Christians." Reference to some of these Rhode Island troubles 
is made in the Register, vol. viii. pp. 293, 362. 

Neighbors Providence 6. 6. b^ (so called) 

Being sent for this "Weecke to Warwick aboate composing a contro- 
versy betwne some English and the barbarians there came in where I 
lodged in the evening very ansry George Palmer, speaking much of his 
being Wronged aboute Roger Mories daughter, And hee added that since 
Pautuxit men had dealt soe w^ him, hee would discover there dealings ci:c. 
and turning him selfe to mee before divers AYittnesses ; hee tould mee that I 
was in place and ought to looke to such things, and further saide after that 
if I would not ; hee was resolved to make them knowne to the Goveruo' at 
Boston, you know hee will not spare speaking, and hee spake very much 
of many things ; But especially these ; &: first that some of you knew of, 
and concealed a longe time a Buggery committed by Richard Chasmore one 
his heifer and that others of you healpt and furthered his escape ; The sec- 
ond that some of you make a trade of selling powder and shotts to the 
barbarians, all w'^'^ hee would prone, ether lieere or at Boston : I doe con- 
fess I was and am in a straight what to doe in these cases ; you know my 
dutie and my danger in neclecting ; and wee all know the p'sent agetations 
betwne the Matacusetts and vs, concernig your selues ; w*^^ renders the 
matter difficult ; I thought fitt in the first place to acquint yo"" selues, 
w^ the passages ; by whose answer possibly I may receiue some light, how 
to proceede : I desire to bee guided by the oneiy. wise ; and to be yo"" Lov- 
ing Neighbo' Roger Williames. 

The Copie of a letter compared before me 

Ri Bellingham Dep* Gov' 
p me Ri Wayte. 6— 1— 16|f 

[Endorsed :] m' w°" letter to charge pautuxit men. 



Boston _ Phtsicians. — The following extracts from old newspapers may interest 
some medical antiquary. iS. A. Green. 

On Friday last died here, aged about 53 Years, Dr. William Davis, a Gentleman 
much improv'd and greatly belov'd among us, a skili'ul Physician k Surgeon, and 
was had in Rsteem for his strict Piety, VV'e hear his Funeral will be to Morrow. 
[The Boston Gazette, or Weekly Journal, March 18, 1746.] 

1882.] Notes and Queries, 79 

Yesterday died here in advanced Age, Dr. Lawrance Dalhonde, a noted and skil- 
ful Physician among us. [The Boston Gazette, or Weekly Journal, November 25, 

Yesterday departed this life, Doctor William Clarke, a Physician of principal 
Note in tliis Town. Lie was a Gentleman of extensive Learning; of great Kuovr- 
ledge in his Profet^sion. and Success in his practice. He was ea<y in his Manners : 
humane and benevolent in his Temper : a Lover and Encourager of Arts and In- 
dustry : a tender Husband, a ijood Master, and a steady Friend, flis Death is uni- 
versally lamented. [Bjston Post- Boy &, Advertiser, June 9, 1760.] 

Saturday Morning last departed this Life, afcer a lingering Indisposition, Dr. 
Thomas Asion, in the 71th Year of his Age. [The Massachusetts Gazette, and 
Boston News-Letter, August U, 1766.] 

Wednesday Morning died of a paviletic Disorder. Johx Clark, Esq., of this Town, 
Phj'sician, af:;ed 70 Years. His Remains were decently interred on Saturday last. 
[The Boston Gazette, and Country Journal, April 11, 1763.] 

WiNSHip, Kendall, Rayner. (Com. by W. B. Trask, Esq.) — Ephraim Win- 
ship late of Cambridge tfarms. dec'^ intestate, y« 19^*^ of Oct. 1696 & adm^ beiniz; 
granted to Eliza : y^ Relict Widow of s'^ Ephraim Winship who afterwards Married 
with Joseph Peirce of Wattertuwne, who after his Marriage with y^ s^^ admistr* 
proseeded to a further admist'^ as topayin;z of debts &c. 

His Hon'^ ffither in law m'" fl'rancis Kendall at \\'(joburne demands that his son 
in law Ephraim Winshep in the time of the tbrmer Warr Caled Phillips Warr, came 
to his hous for shelter for fear of the Indians, because his liueing was then in y^ 
Woods Remote from Neiirhbours, and he brought with him his Antient mother in 
law Reigner a Widow [Mary, widow of Samuel Rayner] of Whome he was to take 
Care, & that y^ s'^ ffraiices Kendall did keep y- s'^ Widow Reigner for s'i Ephraim 
Winship with provetians more y'^ A Yeare and halfe ; at Eight pounds p'' leare & 
halfe comes to 12'^. 

Mr. Kendall makes a statement which is given in the same instrument, with a 
date, Feb. 20, 1700. 

" what I giue in my Will is nothin:]:; worth till I am dead, y* is an antient law, as 
ould as paul he teaches vs so much law — nuw it harh pleased god to lengthen out my 
life for more y- Eighty Y'ears. much bjnger y^- i exi'ecced."' 

From the original on tile at Middlesex Probate Office, East Cambridge. 

WoBURN Second Parish, now Burlington, Mass., 1774-1775. — Substance of 
minutes in the hand of Deacon Joseph Johns<jn. 

December 25, 1774. 

2 Cor. i. 24. This was the Rev. Mr. John Marrett's first text after his ordination 
in the forenoon. Ordained December 21. 1774. la the afternoon he preached from 
the same text. The heads are from the divisions of the verse. 

January I, 1775, New W-ar'-s Day. The Reverend Mr. Marrett's text, forenoon, 
Eph. Im. m3 ; the afternoon text, Jer. viii. 20. A New Year's Sermon, well adapted 
to the time. 

January 8. Mr. Marrett's text this day, Matt. xi. 28. forenoon. Afternoon text 
1 Cor. X. 4. 

15th day. Mr Marrett's text, Col. i. 27, 1. c. 

22d day. Mr. Cumminirs's text Act- xv. 18, and Heb. iv. 13. 

29Lh. The Rev. Mr. Marrett"s text this day, Rom. v. 21. 

February 5. The Rev. Mr. Murred's text, Ps. ii. 12; afternoon, I Cor. vi. 20. 

12th, afternoon. Job xxxv. 10, 11; in the forenoon, Ps. cxix. 59. 19th, Mr. 
Isaac Morrill, of \Vilmin:,ft .»n, preaf.'hed from Luke xix. 9, ail day. 26th, Rev. Mr. 
Marrett, forenoon, 1 Juljn v. 12 ; afternoon, Titus ii. 13. 

March 5. Rev. Mr. Marrett's text this forenoon. Acts xxvi. 18, last clause. 
Afternoon, from Ps. xxiv. 7, to end. 

March 12. The Rev. Mr. Clark, Le.'icington, preached, forenoon, from 1 Cor. xv. 
42, 13, 44. an'l 53 and 51 verses. In afternoon from Zepii. ii. 3. 

March 16. This day our yearly F;ist preached by Mr. Marrett in the forenoon 
from ii()Kea x. 12. Afternoon, from Ps. oviii. 12. 

I9th. Rev. Mr. Marrett preaclied from Hosea iv. 6. In the afternoon from Ec- 
clets. xii. 7. 

so ITotes and Queries. [Jan. 

26th. The Rev. Mr. Prentiss, of Reading, in the forenoon, preached from Ps. 
xviii. 23. Afternoon, Heb. xi. 14. 

29th. This day Mr. Cummings preached a lecture for Mr. Marrett, and took his 
text from John xx. 29. 

April 2. Mr. Marrett preached from John i. 29, Afternoon, after sacrament, 
from Luke xvii. 5. 

9th. Mr. r^Iarrett, Luke iv. 18. Ifith, forenoon. Acts xxiv. 25 ; afternoon, 1 Cor. 
ix. 24. 23d, forenoon, Ps. 1. 15; afternoon, 1 Pet. v. 6,7, 30th, the Rev. Mr. 
Penniman preached from Nahum i. 6. 

May 7. Mr. Marrett preached, forenoon. Lam. iii. 24; and Mr. Coggin, Job x. 
2. llth. Rev. Mr. Haven, of Reading Wood-End, preached, a fast, Ps. i. 15 ; after- 
noon, from Joel ii. 12. 14th, Mr. Marrett, Is. xliv. 8 ; afternoon, Is. ii. 3. 21st, 
same, Is. ii. 5, forenoon ; afternoon, Is. Ivii. 15. 2Sth, same, Matt. vi. 33, fore- 
noon ; afternoon, Heb, iv. 9. 

June 4. Rev. Mr. Marrett preached from 2 Cor. ix. 15, forenoon. Afternoon, 
from 2 Cor. xiii. 5. Mr. Wyeth, a lawyer, of Cambridge, preached. 

June 11, 1775. The Rev. Mr. Marrett preached this day. In the forenoon, from 
John X. 9, in the afternoon from Luke xii. 37. 

June 25. Rev. .Mr. Cummings preached from 1 Pet. v. 7, forenoon. In the af- 
ternoon the Rev. Mr. Prentiss, of Charlestown, preached from Numbers x. 33, 34, 
35, 36. 

July 2. The Rev. Mr. Prentiss, of Charlestown. preached from Ps. cxii, 7, In the 
afternoon tlie Rev. Mr. Marrc^tt preached from Heb. xiii. 14. July 9, the Rev, Mr. 
Prentiss, of Charlestown, preached, forenoon, from Is. xliii.2 ; afternoon, Mr. Mar- 
rett, from 1 Tim. vi. 6. 

July 16 In the forenoon Mr. Marrett preached from Ps. ciii. 13. Il the after- 
noon Mr. Prentiss, of Charlestown, preached from Ps. xci. 15. 

Lexington, Mass. Willum R, Cutter. 

BooDEY. — The Annals of the Boodeys (page 123) introduces Zechariah Boody as 
the emigrant ancestor, and gives a list of his children. The birth-date of the young- 
est, Azariah, alone is given, 15 Aug. 1720, The compiler evidently failed to search 
the records of Dover. N. 11., tlie home of the family, f(jr he ignores the existence of 
Moses Boodey, of Dover, and his marriage to Ruth \Vittum, 29 Nov. 1697, by Rev. 
John Pike. 

He also failed to ascertain the christian name of Zechariah's wife (Elizabeth). 
and the record of her baptism, with her children, Elizabeth, Charity and Mary, 31 
March, 1716-17, by Rev. Hugh Adams in the Oyster River parish. 

Her child Sarah was bapt. 7 Sept. 1718, and Azariah 10 6ept. 1721. 

Douer, N. H. J. R. Ham. 

Knox Mansion, Thomaston, Me. — The History of ThomastoD, Me., from which 
a description of the above mansion is quoted in this number {ante, p. 5), states 
that it was erected "at a cost of $50,000." This probably was the current re- 
port in Thomaston ; the late Hon. Lorenzo Sabiae found among the Knox Man- 
uscripts in the possession of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society the 
estimates and bills for this structure, and ascertained very nearly its cost. I do n<jt 
remember the exact sum, but it was considerably less than one halt of hfty thousand 
dollars. Even this sum makes it a very expensive dwelling for the time. Mr. Sabine 
confirmed hi-; conclusions by comparisons with the cose of other buildings erected 
contemporary with it. — Editor. 

Letter from John Wentworth to Gov. Shute. (Com. by William B. Trask, 

May it Please Your Excellency, 

Portmo. Sep^22, 1718. 
Inclosed is Express from Cap* Moody by which your Excellency will see 
that the Indians are Uery Itisi.'lent and therse no doubt but they intended Mischif 
but for this Winter I aui of Cap* Moody" opinion that they will not make war this 
Winter, but tlie Next Summer who ever lives to see it, we may expect a war, ex- 
cept your Excellency prevent 'em by sending a party into the E;isteru Country 
which must be the only way to Keep them our Friends, and allso Cover our New 

1882.] Notes and Queries. 81 

1 wrote M"" Boydle y^ last Post and aduised him of our adjournm*: to the second of 

I am Extremly well pleased that Your Excellency had soe Pleasant a Journey to 
Rhode Island. 1 take leaue to subscribe myselt 

Your Excellency's Most Obed' Humble serut 

J. Wextworth. 

Perkins. Old family Bible of John Perkins of Ipswich (1633-1651).— We are 
glad to learn that Dr. Georj^e A. Perkins, of Salem, lias in preparation the history 
and genealogy of John Perkins, of Ipswich, Mass., and of his numerous descend- 
ants. No one is better qualified, and we hope every one bearing the name or inter- 
ested in the subject will turnish him with all tiie information in their power. 

The old Bible is now, and always has been, in the possession of his descendants. 
It is known to antiquaries as the Geneva or ''Breeches-Bible." It was "Im- 
printed at liOndon by the Deputies of Christopiier Barker, printer to the Queenea 
[Elizabeth] most excellent Majestic. 1599." It has a number of quaint engrav- 
ings of the Temple, and at the end is *' The Boi>ke of Psalms collected into English 
Meeter by Thomas Sternhold, John Hopkins and others, with apt Notes to sing them 
withal." In 1708 it was owned by Elisha, a great-grandson of John, who thus 
wrote in it. 

" Elisha Perkins, his Great Bible, 
God give him grace therein to look. 
And when the Bell for him doth toll, 
The Lord have Mercy on his soul." 

It is now in the possession of Horatio N. Perkins, Esq., of Melrose Highlands. 
A fac-simile of his signature, made Feb. "25, 1635, and ^ 

one of his son, Dea. Thomas, of Toosfield, 168-2, as X/) £^„ /"^ A P' i 
one of the appraisers of tlie estate of Kev. William J (^ " '-l.^U>^r">e/^^K) 
Perkins, are given in the margin. | 

A facsimile of the ^ /» 2. 

autograph of Captain ______ j/P /'yT^ ^a ' P, ^^ 

Thomas Perkins, L gt.- ^^~77^->na^ y^ <W>^J^r^ A ^"^ 
grandson of the above ^ • ^r . U 

Deacon Thomas, is also given. He removed ^-^—-7^ >^ , 

in 1720 to Kennebunkport, Me. See Bradbu-C^ /6^,,/7/v^ >V^ /4^ ^ y,^ j 
ry's excellent hist, of Kennebunkport, p. 268. i^t*^' *" LX^ (/ ^^V/J ?^X/ 

Notices of the above, with many others of the name, may be found in former 
volumes of the Kegister. 

The Prentice-Prentiss Genealogy. — The collections of the late E. C. Prentiss 
of Brigliton, Mass., for a second edition with corrections and numerous additi<tns, 
have been copied and arranged from Mr. P.'s manuscript by Mr. Binney, the author 
of the first edition, published in 1852, now out of print. Mr. P.'s widow not being 
able to print it, is desirous of disposing <^f it and the papers to s<yme one of the 
Dame able and willing to publish it. Mr. B. ofil-rs to see it through the preso, if 
desired. It will make about 300 pages octavo. Communications can be made to 
C. J. F. Binney, Roxbury District, Boston, Mass., or to J. W. Dean, librarian of 
the Hist. Gen. Society, 17 Somerset Street. 

^ Westcdester County, N. Y. — Henry B. Dawson, Esq., of Morrisania, New York 
city, is contributing to the Westchisttr Times a series of articles reviewing the new 
edition of Bolton's Westchester County. The fir-t number appeared Nov. 12, 1881, 
and already live numbers have arjpeared. Mr. Dawson correet-s many errors in that 
work, and adds important historical facts omitted by Mr, Bolton and his editor. 


Genealogical Queries. — I would be very thankful for answers to any of the fol- 
lowing questions ; 

WooastQck, Branford, O.— What Rebecca (bom in 1675 or '6) lived in either 
VOL. xxjtyi. 8* 

82 N^otes and Queries, [Jan. 

of those towns about 1691? Isaac Bartholomew^ (born in Rixbury, Mass., 16 Sep- 
tember, 1766) moved from Bnmtord to Woodstock a!)out 1692: married Rebe-oca 

about 1691. They moved to Branford in 1701 and remained ; she dying there 

in 1738, JB. 6"2. Their tirsc two children were William. Mary Hiis parents' names), 
two named after themselves, and two next, Ebenezer and Elizaoeth (may have been 
her parents' names). 

Nichols. — \V hat was maiden surname of Sarah, first wife of Caleb- Nichols? They 
"Were married about 1650, lived in Stratford, Ct. When did she die? Which of 
his children was she mother of? Where did he marry second wife Ann, daui^hter 
of Andrew Ward, of Fairiield ? What was his mother's full maiden name? She 
was wife of Francis Nichols, of Stratford. 

Rich. — Who were the parents of David Rich? He was-born in 1694 or '5, tra- 
dition says on Cape Cod. First record of him found is in Wallingford, Conn., in 
1717. He died in Bristol, Ct., 4 June, 1748, in his 54th year. What was his wife 
Elizabeth's full maiden name? What were the names of the children of SamueP 
(son of Richard Rich, first of Eastham, ;Mas8.) of Easthara, Mass., 1706? He 
posssibly moved to Wrentham, Mass., that year. What was his wife's full maiden 

Rew or Rue. — "Who were the parents of John Rew? He married Hannah (Nor- 
ton) North, widow ot Samuel North, about 1685, in Farmington, Ct.. and died in 
Hartford, Ct., 1717. Was he same as is mentioned in Salem in 1668 as "John 
Reues," or was he son of Edward Rew, of Newport 1638. Taunton 1643, died 1678? 

Wakeley. — What was full maiden name of wife of James^ (son of Henry^ Wake- 
ley), of Stratford, Ct. ? He had son James b-.rn 28 Dec. 1688. 

Andrews. — Was not *' Mary." born 1697, daughter of Nathan Andrews, of Wal- 
lingford, Ct., same as "Mabel" Andrews who married Eiisha xlndrews of W. 
about 1720? 

Curtiss. — Who were the parents of Mary Curtiss who married Capt. Joseph Nich- 
ols, of Stratford, 26 Dee. 1704? G. W. Bartholomew, Jr. 

Austin. Texas. 

Brown. — " Brown " was one of the earliest settlers at Ipswich hamlet, now Ham- 
ilton, where he owned a large tract of land, and as his sons, of whom he had ten, 
successively reached the age of 21 years he gave each a farm, reserving the homestead 
for his youngest son Stephen, from whom we are descended. I can only ascertain 
the names of ei2:ht of the sons, viz., Nathaniel, Juhn, Simon, Adam, James, Tho- 
mas, Jacob and Stephen, 

There was always a tradition in the family that they were descendants ot Sir Ste- 
phen Brown, an English Baronet. It is said that Stephen sold the homcbtead and 
invested the money in a ship which he commanded. He afterwards resided in 
Charlastown, where he married Mary Barrow, said to have been a considerable heir- 
ess. Squire Brown, as he was called, a brother of the old gentleman, lived next the 
church in V^enham, a man of note, very much respected and very wealthy ; had 
no children. At his death his property was divided amongst the families ot Brown 
"with whom he was connected, of whom there were many. One of the family mar- 
ried a Story, who went to iiv5 in Mississippi and was in excellent circumstances. 
He came with his wife to visit bis relatives at Wenham. 

I wish to know who were the progenitors in England, and with what families of 
Brown they are connected in this country. M. B. Pratt. 


WiLLARD. — Can any one give me any information relating to Urania Willard, of 
Stockbridf^e, Mass., who with Ira, Seymour and Ruth his wife, also of Stockbridge, 
gave a quit-claim deed of land in Hartford, witli a mansion house upon it, to James 
Burton, June 10, I7d3? Ruth, wife of Ira Seymour, was a daughter of Dr. Eiisha 
and Ruth (Seymour) Smith, of Hartford, and she was married to him 2s'ov. 14, 1772. 
Dr. Smith had a daughter Urania, bapt. in West Hartford Sept. 30, 1739, living at 
the time of his death, 1754. Is not this the same person, having changed her name 
by marriage? John Willard, born in Wethersfield Aug. 20, 1694. who removed 
to C&naan, and afterwards to Stockbridge, married Margaret, daughter of Symon 
Smith, sister of Dr. Eiisha Smith, so there was already a connection between ttie 
families. Miss M. K. Tal^ott. 

133 Si(journey St., Hartford, Ct. 

1882.] Notes and Queries. 83 

WiTHERELL. — Daniel Loomis, of Colchester. Conn., born Feb. 20, 1709, married 
Hannah Witherell Oct. 7, 1731. She died March 1, 1779, aged 76. Can any one 
tell who was the father of this Hannah Witherell? Elias Loomis. 

Yale College, yew Haven, Ct. 

Kempton. — " Ephraim Kempton and Abigail Bolster, both of Uxbridgc, Mass., 
■were married Oei. 29. 1740.'" 

Can any one give me the ancestry and parentage of said Ephraim Kempton, or 
trace for me his ancestry to the Ephraim Kempton who with brother ^lanasseh and 
son Ephraim, Jr., came to this country in the ship " Ann," which arrived at Ply- 
mouth August, 1623? Alonzo Allen. 

Town Clerk's Office, Croydon, N. H. 

Peter Butler of Boston, son of Peter Butler of Boston, had, by wife Elizabeth 
Brown, daughter of Abraham Brown, sons Peter and John, born about 1691 or '2. 
Peter's first child was born 1731-2, in Marlborough. John's first child was baptized 
1727, in Ilopkinton. He was of Framingham, and died 17-i7. Were Peter and 
John brothers? Were they sons of the aforesaid Peter of Boston? Especially, 
who were John's ancestors? J. S. Russell. 

Lowell, Nov. 9, 1881. 

Drake — Rodgers. — In the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, April, 
1871, pp. 101, 102, a descendant gives the name of the wife of John Drake the em- 
igrant (who came to Boston in 1H30, and remc^ved to Windsor, Conn.) as f^liza- 
h^ih Rodgers. Slie was the great-grandmother of the writer, Matthew Rockwell, 
whose genealogical paper was dated 1731. Tfie Windsor church records say, " Old 
AVidow" Drake died Oct. 7-''\ 1681, at 100=^ yr: of age, having lived a Widow 22 
years." Can any one connect her with any Rodixers family? 

Dr. Stiles, in his " Genealogies of Ancient Windsor," states : " John Drake the 
emigrant was son of John Drake, one of the Council of Plymouth, a member of 
the original company established by Kinir James in 1606, for settling New Eng- 
land." Is this descent an established fact ? E. McC. Salisbury.^ 
~ JSew Haven, Ci. 

Waterman. —Daniel and Bethia Waterman, children of Nathaniel and Susannah 
(Carder) Wateriuc^.n, and grandchildren of "Col. Richard and Bethia W^aterman. 
Did these children reach maturity, and if so were they married? 

New Bedford, Mass. ~~ VVilliam Henry Waterman. 

Bardwell. — Who were the parents of Esther Bardwell, born 1723, and married 
Daniel Morton, of Hatfield 1713? Richard Bardwell, of Hatfield, was undoubted- 
ly her grandfather, but which of his four sons was her fatlier 1 have been unable 
to ascertain. VVilliam R. Hovvland, 

Worcester, Mass. 

Day. — Jeremiah Day, of Walpole, bom at Dedham Sept. 28, 1692, married, it is 
eaid, a Mary Willett. His children — Mary, burn May 11, 1722, and Jeremiah, born 
April 25, 1725 — are recorded in Dtdham. I wish to know tlie name and place of 
residence of his wife's father and the maiden name of her mother. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Addresa: Dayid F. Day. 


Warner Family. — In the "Early History of Brookfield, Mass.," published in 
the Register fur October (xxxv. 333-311), the names of John Warner and his sons 
Samuel and Nathaniel appear among the petitioners, in 1673, for the incorporation 
of the town. The ai^count of Samuel Warner's family, on page 338, is accurate as 
far as it goes; but it is iinjjerlect. His fir-t wife died at L'unstahie A;;ril 3. l6-:!3, 
and he married Mary iwailow May 4, lO.^i, by whom he liad Elmzar, b<^rn Ja^i. 
27, 1666, and Priscilla. See Middlesex Reg. of Deeds, and Fox's History of Duq- 
stable, p. 252. 

84 N^otes and Queries. [Jan. 

On attainins: his majority, thia younojest son Eleazar conve^'ed to his brother 
Richard, July 31, 1707. all his interest in the homestead of " our father " (Mid. 
Deeds, xiv. 590) and entered the service of liis country. lie was stationed at Brook- 
field, the scene of the disaster which befel his lather aud grandfather, and was 
successively sergeant, ensign, and lieutenant in the company commanded by 
Captain Samuel Wright. He was subsequently captain of militia, and held 
ofl5ce until he attained the age of three score and ten years. At tiie age of 
nearly thirty-seven, December 4, i7C'2, while yet in frontier service, he married 
Prudence, daughter of Thomas Barnes, a prominent inhabitant of Brooklield, 
and had ten children, all of whom lived to maturity. Ilis farm, on which he re- 
sided more than half a century, was in that part of Hardwick which is now New 
Braintree, and included a portion of the famous Winnemisset island and swamp, 
from which the Indians issued when they defeated Capt. Hutchinson and destroyed 
Brooklield in August, 1675. In this ancient stronghold of the Indians, about half 
a century after the destruction of Brooklield, Capt. Warner had a personal encoun- 
ter with one of that ill-fated race — possibly a descendant from some who were con- 
cerned in the outrage upon his ancestors. The Indian followed him from Canada, 
and laid in wait for him several days. At length they met in the forest and ex- 
changed shots in Indian fashion. Capt. Warner was unharmed ; but the bones of 
his antagonist are supposed to have mouldered in a " lily pond " near Ware River. 
This tradition I .had from my grandmother, Mary Robinson, who died August 7, 
1812, aged 8S, She was the eldest daughter uf Capt. Eleazar Warner, who died in 
New Braintree Feb. '2^, 1776, aged 90. L. R. Paige. 

Carnhridijeportj Mass. 

age and 

E (ante, xxsv. 38-4). — Mr. Allen writes that he has ascertained the parent- 
ancestry of Jonathan Clark. He wtis born at Medfieid, Mass., June 14, 
1700, being a son of Solomon and Mary Clark, and descended from Joseph^ Clark, 
of Dedham, Mass., by Alice his wife, through Joseph,- born at Dedham May 5, 
1642, and wife Mary Allen : and Solomon,^ above, born July 8, 1678. His grand- 
eon, Capt. Nathan,* son of John,^ went in 1787 from Franklin, Mass., to Croydon, 
N. H., on foot, with his pack on his back. 

Scotch-Irish Memorial and Records (ante, xxxiii.). — We are informed that the 
original of the famous Memorial of 1718, to Gov. Shute, taken from the files of the 
Massachusetts Secretary of State many years ago, and presented to Mr. .MaeCregor, 
of New York, is now in the possession of the New Hamp^^hire Historical Society, it is 
much faded and should be copied at once and printed. Tlie copy printed by the Rev. 
Edward L. Parker in his History of Londonderry, pp. 217-321, we are told has 
many errors. 

The records of the first Boston Scotch-Irish church are in the possession of Charles 
G. White, Box 2828, Boston, and are invaluable to those compiling the ijeneaiogy 
of Scotch-Iriish iiamiiies. 

Lee Arms (ante, xxxv. 279). — The arms found on an old piece of silver, which led 
to this query about Lee coats, it has since been found, are not Lee arms at all, though 
they nearly resemble a coat given by Burke under that name. They are W'aiKer 
arms, a Walker having come into the family by a previous marriage, from which 
our correspondent is not descended. Her interest in the query, therefore, no longer 

The query has drawn forth the following reply from another correspondent : 
Lee. — The arms concerning which inquiry was made in the July Register, name- 
ly, *' Argent a chevron between three crescents sable," are found in Burke's " Gen- 
eral Armory," 1851 ; but the family is not particularized. This is misleading. 
It has led to an explanation from the pen of Sir Bernard Burke himself, in winch 
he says it is a misprint, and intended to have been " Argent 3. fess l>etvveen three 
crCvScents sable." In other words, substitute sl fess for chevron, and the arms be- 
long to the Lees of Ditchly Bucks, which is one of several Kranches tiiat find their 
origin in the faaiily name Legh and Lee, High Leigh, Palatine of Cheshire, in the 
time of the Contjuest. W. H. Les. 

New York Citt/, 

1882.] JSfotes and Queries. 85 

Aldex {ante, xsxv. 384). — I have learned that John Alden, of Needhara, whose 
parents I wished to ascertain, was the son of Henry Alden, who is numbered 15 in 
" Alden Memorial." 

Book 27, p. 466, of SufFolk Co. Probate Records, shows that letters of adminia- 
iration on the estate of Henry (of Needham) were issued to John, of Needham, 
March 2. 1729. and speak of Henry as -John's father. In Book 28, page 53H. there 
is a memorandum of division of Henry's estate amoni^ his sons John and William 
and his dauL^hters Deborah Dunton and Susannah Alden, in 1731. 

Winsor's Dux'oury and the Alden Memorial locate Henry in Dedham, name his 
"wife Deborah, and say his son \Villiam was born Aug, 14, 1709. Needham was set olf 
from Dedham in 1711. Probably Henry was in that part of Dedham which becamo 
Needham — though it appears that land was granted him in Dedham at various 
times from 1700 to 1724. 

The Middlesex Co. returns of births, marriages and deaths, a copy of which is 
in the library of the Historic, Genealogical Society, show that Henry Alden of 
Needham was married August U, 1719, to Eliza. ''- Coller, of Natick. Henry'd 
children above named must have all been born befoi, ^ns marriage. The Need- 
ham town records show that Deborah Alden married Tti. ""si Dutton January 26, 
1726, and Susanna Alden married Thomas Kinch January ., 1734. Alden 's Me- 
morial says Henry (No. 15) died February, 1730. But letters were granted on his 
estate March 2, 1729. However, one date is probably in old style and the other in 

I now inquire : Who were the parents of Henry Alden, who had land granted 
to him in Dedham about 1700, eight acres ? The description of this land bounds it on 
one side by land already owned by him. He must have removed to Dedham from 
some other part of the state. I would like very much to learn his parentage and 
also the parentage of his wife. C L. Alden. 

Troy, N. Y. 

Major Robert Pike's supposed Yotage to England (Register, xxxt. 232). — A 

correspondent of The Villager, published at Salisbury and Amesbury, Mass., expresses 
in its issue of October 20, 1881, a doubt of the statement of Richard Smith and 
John Pressee in their depo^ition Sept. 27th. 1693, that '' in or about the y 1650 or 
51, we these deponants did arrive here in this Country : & Towne of Salisbury w'^^ o"" 
masf Maj'^ Robert Pike, w^'^ whome we y' yeare came from England." As Major 
Pike had been a resident of Newbury and Amesbury for thirteen years before the 
earliest of the-^e dates, it is evident, if the deposition be true, that he "made a 
voyage to England in 1650-51, of which we have no account." This 7'Ae Villa- 
ger s correspondent thinks improbable. On the 18th of June, 1650, he was appoint- 
ed by the General Court one of the C(.)mmissioners to keep the Norfolk county Courts 
for the ensuing year, and Oct. 30, 1651. he was appointed by the same body one of 
three commissioners to lay out the west end of the Hampton town line towards 
Exeter. Assuming that he was in the country at the dates of these two appoint- 
ments, he had a year and four months to make the voyage to England. Possibly 
the Salisbury or other records may reduce this period ; but till this is materially 
reduced we shall suppose that the voyage was possible. 

Historical and Genealogical Intelligence. 

Genealogical Notes of some New York and New England Families. — S. V. Tal- 
cott, E'*q., of Albany, N. Y., the veteran irenealogist, one of the early contributors 
to the Register, and the author of the "Talcott Pedigree," published in 1876 {ante, 
xxxi. 237), has ready for the press a volume of about five hundred pages, relating 
to New York and New Eni^land families. 

Thoseof New York are Benson, Beeckman, Bagart,Douw, Groesbeck, Hun, Lan- 
sing, Marselis, Metselaer. Oothout, Quackenbush, Schermerhorn, Ten Eyck, Viss- 
cher. Van der BoL'aert. Van Driessen, Van Dusen, Van Ness, Van der Poel, Van 
den Bergh, Van Sehaick, Vinhairen and Wendell, with Records of Births, Mar- 
riages and Deaths, copied from many old family Dutch Bibles ; also, a list of buri- 
als in the Dutch Church Graveyard, from 1722 to 1755, inclusive, taken from the 
original manuscript v(jlume, now lost, published by Mr. Talcott. in " Muusell's 
Annals," 8«;me years since, and a gl<j>s;iry of Dutch names. 

Those of New EnL^aml are Berton, Chester, Crow, Deming, Edwards, Eggleston, 
Filer, Gilbert, GocxJwin, Goodrich, Girard, Hamlin, HoUister, Uolyoke, Marvin, 

■86 ITotes arid Queries, [Jan. 

Mott, Pynchon, Rathbone, Reed, Russell, Shearman and Sherman, Treat, Welles 
End Wright. The notes relatint; to several of these families are quite full, many 
extending down to the present generation, while others are but short, and are in- 
troduced simply to show the intermarriages. 

It is desirable to obtain, before publication is commenced, a sufficient number (^f 
subscribers for the book to insure the compiler asrainst pecuniary loss. The sub- 
scription price will be five dollars per copy, payable on delivery of the book. If 
sent by mail, postage is added. It will be handsomely bound in cloth and printed 
in good paper. It is not contemplated to publish an edition much larger tlran the 
subscriptions will call for ; therefore, all who wish copies of the book are requested 
to send their orders as soon as they conveniently can. 

Gent:alogical Notes, No. III. By Lawrence Buckley Thomas, of New York. — 
This work now in preparation will contain revised pedigrees of Chfw, Lawrance 
and Thomas, register of births, deaths and some marriages at West River Quaker 
meeting in Maryland, 16G0-1600, extensive notes on the family of Lawrence or Law- 
rance, &G. &c. It will be illustrated with portraits and facsimiles. 

Town Histories in Preparation. — Persons having facts or documents relating 
to any of these towns, are advised to send them to the person engaged in writing 
the history of that tov/n. 

Attkborough, Mass. By the Hon. John Dairgett, of Attleborough. — Mr. Dag- 
gett published in 1834 a history of this town in a volume of 136 pages octavo. This 
work has long been out of print and now brings a high price. ^During the time 
that has elapsed since its publication, nearly half a century, Mr. Dagi;ett has been 
collecting material for a second edition, and now has it ready for press, much en- 
larged and improved, and brought down to the present time. It will be put to 
press as soon as a sufficient number (vf subscribers is obtained. 

Hancock, N. H. By the Rev. W. W. Hayward. — Mr. Hayward is collecting 
materials for his history of this town. His address is Plymouth, Mass. 

Medjield, Mass. By William S. Tilden. — Mr. Tilden has been engaged in collect- 
ing materials for this work for 07er a year, and the work when completed will be a 
trustworthy and authentic history of the town. The town was incorporated in 1650, 
having before been a part of Dedham. The book will make about 500 pages. 

Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
pish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all fi\cts of 
interest illustrating the family history or character be communicated, especially 
service under the U. S. government, the holding of other oiSces, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with dates and places of birth, marriage, 
residence and death. 

Cleveland. By Edmund J, Cleveland, of Elizabeth, N. J. — The geneaionry of 
the descendants of Moses Cleveland, of Woburn, Ma^.. an emigrant in 1635, is 
in preparation. All Clevelands or Cleavelands, in both the male and female lines, 
are requested to send without delay a full account of their ancestry and tamiiy rec- 
ords to the above-address. The same L^entleman is compiling the BibiiMgra[^ny of 
the Cleveland family, and desires all authors, wfio are members of rtie family either 
by blood or marriai^e. to favor him with complete lists of their published writings, 
including books and contributions to periodical literature. 

Dodge. ^ By Robert Dodge, No. 12 Wall Street, New York, N. Y.— The work 
will contain an account of Tristram Dodge and his descendants, with descriptive 
accounts of Block Itiland and Crow Neck, L. I. It will be published by subscrip- 
tion in an octavo volume of alx^ut 300 pages. Price .^3. 

Eaton. By Prof. Daniel C. Eaton, ui Yale College, New Haven, Ct.— Prof. Ea- 
ton has a history of the descendants of John Eaton, of Watertown, 1635, and after- 
wards_ of Dediiam, nearly complete, through five generations, and is collecting 
materials concerning later gen-^rati jns and preparing the same lor the pre-^. 

He has also a good collection <A' materials relative to descendants of the other 
settlers of the name in this country, and requests all sons and daughters of all ttie 

1882.] Societies and their Proceediyigs. 87 

Batons in this country to transmit to him such particulars of their own and their 
ancestors' families as they may be able. Circulars, giving full particulars, will be 
sent when requested. 

Seth C. Eaton, ^^^tafford Springs, Ct., Mrs. Philo B. Eaton of Buffalo, N. Y., 
and Miss Lucy E. Eaton, Dedham, Mass., are interested with him in collecting in- 
formation concerning the descendants o'i John Eaton of Dedham. 

Ensign, By Charles S. Ensign, attorney and counsellor at law, 21 Park Row, 
Room 3G, New York city. — Mr. Ensign has been long engaged on this work and 
has nearly completed it. 

Farley. By Randolph W. Farley, of Nashua, N. H. — Mr. Farley's work now in 
preparation is intended to include descendants of the several families of the name 
m America. Circulars stating particulars will be sent on application to the com- 
piler at Nashua. 

Gleason. By A. L. Gleason, of Lansing, Michigan. — Mr. Gleason, assisted by 
Joseph M. Gleason, of Louisville, Ky,, is collecting and compiling genealogical 
and other records of the early New England Gleasons and their descendants, and he 
would i^e glad to receive information or inquiries from all persons interested in the 
subject, or able to give information. 

Perhns. By George A. Perkins, M.D., of Salem. — It will contain the descend- 
ants of John Perkin-j, the emigrant, of Ipswich, Mass. See an^e. on p. 81, an account 
of the emigrant's family bible and autDgraphs of himself and two of his descendants. 

Prentiss. By the late E. C. Prentiss, ol Brighton, Mass. — His manuscripts are 
for sale, See aiite, p. 81. 


New-En'gland Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Wednesday, Sept. 7, 1881. — The first meeting of this society for the .sea- 
son was held at the Society's Hvjuse, 18 S )merset Street, this afternoon at three 
o'clock. The president, the Hon. .Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., being absent, the 
Rev. Increase N. Tarbux, D.D., was chosen president /^rc* tern. 

A communication from the board of directors annuunced that a legacy of cue 
thousand d':)llars had been received from the estate of Ebenezer Alden, M.D., of 
Randolph, and that the bequest had been properly acknowledged to the family ; 
also that notice had been received from the executors of Joseph J. Cooke, Esq., 
a resident member, that he had bequeathed to the society the sum of five thousand 
dollars in books to be purchased at auction from his library. 

Gen. Adin B. Underwood read a paper on " The Use and Possible Utility of Mid- 
dle Names." Remarks foUovved from several members. 

The Hon. Charles Cowley, who was appointed in May last (ante, xxxv. 387) a 
delegate to the centennial celebration at Spartansburg, S. C, of the battle of the 
Cowpens, reported that he did not arrive at Spartansburg in season to participate 
in the ceremonies, but that he was hospitably received there. His report contained 
much information about the present condition of the south, and the friendly feeling 
towards the north amons; those who fought in the confederate service. 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported 82 volumes and 160 pamphlets, as dona- 
tions in the months of June, July and August. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., reported memorial sketches of nine deceased 
members, namely ; Alexander Strontr, John S. Abbott, the Rev. James R. Cushin^, 
the Rev. George Sheldon, D.D., William E. Du Boie, Joseph J. Cooke, Charles \V . 
Tuttle, Ph.D., the Hon. Nathan Clifford, LL.D., and Alden J. Spooner. 

October 5. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder in 
the chair. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., a committee appointed by the directors, reported 
a series of resolutions on the death of President Garfield, which were adopted by a 
standing vote. 

The Rev. A. B. Muzzey, of Cambridge, read a paper on " Lafayette," relating 
chiefly to Lafayette's visit to the United States in 1821-5. Remarks followed from 
several members. 

Jeremiah Colburn reported resolutions on the death of Charles W. Tuttle, Ph.D. 
Remarks were made by several gentlemen, and the resolutions were unanimously 

BS Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

The librarian reported as donations during September 42 volumes and 719 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the correj^ponding secretary, reported the accept- 
ance of" the membership to which the}' had been elected, trom Gen. Henry W Ben- 
ham, of New York, as correspondinir. and Prof, flerbert B. Adams, of Baltimore, 
Aid., and Waterman Stone, ot Provivieuce, as resident members. 

The historioiirapher reported memorial sketches of two deceased members, John 
J. Smith, of Philadelphia, and John \V. Brooks, of Milton. 

November 2. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder in the 

A committee to nominate officers for the nest year, consistinir of the Rev. Dr. 
Tarbox, the Rev. ilenry A. Ilazen. the Hon. JSathaniei F. Safford, Charles Carlton 
Coffin and Elbridge H. Goss, was chosen. 

The Rev. Edwin M. Stone, of Prcjvidence, read a paper entitled " Reminiscences 
of Marblohead, by an Old Neighbor." The recollections of Mr. Stune extended 
back nearly half a century, to the year lS3-i, when lie was settled as a clergyman in 
the neighboring town of Beverly. Remarks followed from several gentlemen. 

The librarian reported that 20 volumes and 84 pamphlets had been presented in 

The corresponding secretary reported letters of acceptance from the Rev. Charles 
W . Hayes, of Westtield, N. Y., as a corresponding, and Charles A. Jones, of Boston, 
as a resident member. 

The historiographer read memorial sketches of the Rev. Christopher Cushing, 
D.D., the Hon: Enoch R. Mud-e, Theodore A. Neal and £ben Wri-ht. 

John Ward Dean, the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, 
Jeremiah Colburn, Henry H. Edes and Henry F. Waters, were renominated as the 
publishing committee for 1631-2, and were unanimously elected. 

December 1. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder in 
the chair. 

William B. Trask, a committee appointed by the directors, reported resolutions 
of respect to the memory of the late Hon. Charles Hudson, vice-president of the 
society, 1859-01. Remarks were made by several members, and the resolutions 
"Were adopted. 

Frederic H. Viaux read a paper entitled " Famous Lafaycttes," being brief 
sketches of distinguished male and female ancestors and relatives of Gen. Laiayette. 
(A full abstract was printed in the Boston Evening Transcript, Dec. 10, iJiSl.) 
Remarks followed from several members. 

The librarian reported 59 volumes and 82S pamphlets presented in November. 

The corresponding secretary reportci letters of acceptance from William U. Egle, 
M.D., of Hurrisburg, Pa., as corre.-^ponding, and Nahum Capen, LL.D., of Boston, 
and David Jillson, of South Attleboroutrh, as resident members. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of eight deceased members, the 
Rev. Edwin A. Dalrymple, S.T.f)., honorary vice-president for Maryland, the Rev. 
Eugene Anthony Vetromile, D.D., Caleb Fiske Harri.s, the Rev. Horatio Alger, 
S. Whitney Phcenix, Samuel F. Haven, LL.D., the Hon. John Boyd and the Hon. 
Solomon Lincoln. 

Rhode-Lsl.wd Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, March 8, l&Sl. — A stated meeting was held this evening 
at the society's cabinet in Waterman Street, the president, the Hon. Zaehanah 
Allen, LL.D., in the chair. 

The Hon. Amos Perry, the secretary, announces! that more than one hundred let- 
ters addressed to the late United States Senator Elisha Mathewson, between IbOO 
and 1845, by prominent citizens ot different parts of the country, had lately been 
presented to the society. 

The Hon. William P. Sheffield, of Newport, read a paper on " The Narragansett 
Sachems." Remarks followed from several members, and thanks were voted. 

Tuesday, March. 22. — A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in the 

Charles W. Parsons, M.D., read a paper on " The Medical School formerly exist- 
ing in Brown L'niversity, its Pnjfe.-^sors and Graduates,"' which has since been pub- 
lished as No. 12 of Rider's "Rhode Island Tracts" {ante, xxxv. 298). Remarks 
followed from Chief Justice Bradlee and the president, and thanks were voted. 

1882. J ., Societies and their Proceedings, 89 

Saturday, April 2. — A special meetino; was held this evening. 

Prof. Moses Coit Tyler, of Michii^an University, read a paper on '• The Litera- 
ture of the American Revolution.*' Kemarks followed from Prof. William Gum- 
mell and the Hon. Abraham Payne, and thanks were voted. 

Tuesday, April 5. — A quarterly meeting was held this evening, President Allen 
in the chair. 

Reports were submitted by Sidney S. Rider in behalf of the library committee, 
and Isaac A. Southwick for the committee on building and grounds. 

The president announced the death of Prof. Jeremiah Lewis Diman, D.D., and 
Prof. Gammell read a carefully printed minute, which was entered on the record. 

Tuesday, April 19. A stated meeting was held this evening, Prof. William Gam- 
mell, LL.D., in the chair. 

The Hon. Zachariah Allen, president of the society, read a paper on the ** Events 
of May 17 and 18, 1812, in the Dorr War." Remarks followed from several mem- 
bers, and thanks were voted. 

Tuesday, May 3. — A stated meeting was held this evening. 

The Rev. John G. Stockbridge, D.D., read a paper on '* The Reception in Eng- 
land of the News of the Defeat of Lord Corn wall is." 
Remarks were made by several members, and thanks were voted for the paper. 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, Saturday, August 20, 1881. — A meeting of the executive committee 
was held this day at 12 o'clock. 

Letters were read and donations announced. 

The committee in view of the rapidly approaching Yorktown Centennial Com- 
memoration, voted to urge all persons throughout the state in possession of objects 
of historic interest, relics, manuscripts, diaries, old letters, portraits of persons dis- 
tinguished in the annals of Virginia, &c., which they are disposed to present or 
loan to the society, to forward such articles to Mr. Brock, the librarian, for exhi- 
bition at the society's rooms. Westmoreland Club House. 

Friday, Sept. 9.— A meeting of the committee was held this day. 

Donations were announced and letters read. Among the letters was one from 
Henry Stevens, F.S. A., the veteran hibiiophiie, and former owner of the Dinwiddle 
Papers, in which he says : " There can be no question about it. These papers are 
beyond price to Virginia. They must place the mother of presidents on a histori- 
cal footing higher and surer than ever before, and that, too, just at the time when 
BO many of our Revolutionary heroes were bred, tutored and drilled for the grand 

Nova Scotia Historical Society. 

Halifax, N. S., Thursday, Oct. 31, 1881.— A stated meeting was held this eve- 
ning, the Rev. Dr. G. W". Hill in the chair. 

Valuable donations were announced by the librarian, J. T. Bulmer. 

The Rev. George Patterson, D.D., read a paper on Nicholas P. Olding, bom in 
London, England, 1751, died in Halifax, April 6, 1845, aged 94, one of the leading 
lawyers of Nova Scotia in his day. 

Lieut. Governor Archibald next read a paper on the ** History of the Govern- 
ment House." Remarks followed from the presiding officer and other members. 

New Brunswick Historical Society. 

St. John, N. B.j Friday, Nov. 25, 1881. — The seventh annual meeting of this so- 
ciety was held this evening, the president, J. W. Lawrence, in the chair. 

A committee consisting of A. A. Stockton and the corresponding secretary was 
appointed to procure an act of incorporation. 

The following gentlemen were elected officers for the ensuing year : 

President — J. W. Lawrence. 

Vice-Presidents — A. A. Stockton and James Hannay. 

Recording Secretary — Clarence Ward. 

Corresponding Secretary — J. Herbert Lee. 

Treasurer — D. P. Chisholm. 


ITecrologij of Historic^ Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Librarian — Georcre 0. Lawrence. 

Siandin(; Committee— 6. C. Miles, D. Waterbury, W. P. Dole, R. C. J. Dunn 
and W. J. Whidng. 

The president read a paper on the coming '* Centennial of the Landing of the Loy- 
alists," which is to be celebrated in May, 1883 {ante, xxxv. 187). 


Prepared by the Rev. Ixcrease N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The Hon. Enoch Redtngton Mudge, a life member and benefactor, was born in 
the town of Orrington, Me., March 2'2, 1812, and died of apoplexy at Swampscott, 
Mass., on Saturday, October I, ISSl. He was admitted to this society February 11, 

His father was the Rev. Enocli Mudfre, a native of Lynn, Mat's., and was born 
June 28, 1776. His mother was Jerusha Holbrook, of VVellfleet, Mass., and was 
born September 18, 1775. His father is said to have been tlie first native-born 
Methodist minister in the United States. From sume fragments of his writings 
preserved in the book of the Mudge Genealogy, he must have been a man of a good 
measure of refinement and culture. His life was the changing life of a Methodist 
itinerant, and his children, of which he had a large family, were made subject to 
the inconveniences of these frequent removals. 

The subject of this sketch was the younirest son of this household, and at the aire 
of fifteen, after such an education as he had been able to pick up in the various 
schools with which he had come in contact, a place was found for liim in tiie bank- 
ing house of S. & ^L Allen, of Portland, Isle., and he thus commenced that busi- 
ness career in which by degrees he grew to be one of our chiefest merchants and 
manufacturers. It would be impossible within the limits here afforded even to name 
the business enterprises and connections by which he rose to his standing as one of 
the very foremost men of the city of Boston. He was not merely a man of great 
wealth and business success. lie was a cultured gentleman, whose presence would 
help to grace almost any assemblage. He was a memher of the Massaciiusetts 
senate in I86G. 

Mr. ]Mudge was descended from Thomas Mudge, who came from England and 
.settled in the town of Maiden, Mass., in 1657. There was also a Jarvis Mudge, who 
came to this country as eirly as IHSS, and after a brief stay in Massachusetts went 
to Connecticut, anil died in New London in 1653. He is believed to have been an 
older brother of Thomas. This Thomas settled, as we have said, in Maiden, and 
the line down from him was throuirh (yeor(je Mudfje. who was born in Eniiland in 
1056; through l)ea. Juhn, born in Maiden October 15, 1685; John, born in Maiden 
December 30, 1713: Nathan, born in Lynnfield Sept. 21, 1756; Ftcv. Efiuch, huvn 
in Lynn June 28, 1776. Enoch Redington was therefore of the seventh generation 
from Thomas the founder. 

Mr. Mudge was united in marria2:e to Caroline A. Patten May 9. 1832. From 
this marriage there were seven children, two suns and five daughters. His son 
Charles was killed in the b;ittleof Gettysburg, and three of his daui^bters have died, 
leaving his son Henry Sinford, living at the west, two married daughters who re- 
side in Boston, and his wife, to survive him. 

John Wood Brooks, Esq., a benefactor and life member, admitted Dec. 8, 1870, 
was born in Stow, Mass., Aug. 2, 1819, and died in Heidelberg, Germany, Sept. 
16, 1881. 

His father was Henry Brooks, born in Stow, July 4, 1794, and his mother was 
Sarah Wo(m1, born in Stow Feb. 13, 1791. His early education was received in tiie 
common schools of Stow, from which he was transferred to the academy in Stow, 
and afterward to the academy in Concord. He stu<iied civil engineering with the 
late James Hayward, who was engineer of the Boston & Maine Uailroud. After 
finishing his studies he was soon called to the superintendence of the Auburn & 
Rochester Railroad, in New York. Developing, as he did, unusual wisdom and 

1882.] Necrology of Historic^ Geyiealogical Society, 91 

energy in this great branch of business, he at length became chief Manager of the 
Michigan Central Road, and made a success of the whole enterprise, far beyond the 
expectation of men ^\ilen he entered upon his work. Few men among us have been 
more efficient in tliis department of enter[)rise than was he previous t » the breaking 
down of his health. For several years he has been completely laid aside from pub- 
lic lalwrs and cares. In his beautiful home at 2^1ilton he has been compelled to 
keep himself entirely free from the excitement of his earlier years. 

Mr. Brooks was married April 21, 181'2, to Charlotte Louisa D.nan. daughter of 
the well-known Rev. Paul Dean, so long one of the ministers of Bjston. Their 
children were two sons and a daughter. One i^f the sons, Walter D.. of the firm of 
Lockwood & Brooks, died suddenly three or four years since. The other son, John 
M., and the daughter Ella Cora, with the wife, survive. 

Mr. Brooks was descended from Tliomns^ Brooks, who came from t/indon in 1036, 
and settled in Concord, Mass., and died there May -21, 16^7, through Joshua," Tho- 
mas,^ Luke.* Nathan^ and Henry, ^ who was fatlier of John U'.^ Mr. Brooka was 
therefore of the seventh generation from the founder. 

The Rev. CnRisxopnER Cushixg, D.D., a resident member, admitted February 16, 
1867, was born in South Scituate, Mass., May 3, IS-JO, and died at Cambridge, 
Mass., Oct. 23, 188 L 

Dr. Gushing was of the seventh generation from Matthew^ Gushing, of Hingliam, 
1638 ; the line of descent being thruu2:h John.- f.orn 1027, who settled in SciTuate ; 
Joseph,' 1677 ; Joseph,"* born about 1712, a graduate of Harvard Collei::;e in 1721 ; 
George,* 1736; George,* 1776; and Christ )pher.'' May 3, 1820. Since the removal 
of John son of Matthew from liingham to Scituate, the home of the family has re- 
mained steadfast in the latter place. _ He entered Yale College in 1840, and was 
graduated in due course in 18-14, having maintained throughout riis college life a 
marked character as a scholar and thinker. From Yale he^passed directly to his 
theological studies and was graduated at Andover in 1347. He was ordained Feb- 
ruary 27, 1849, as pastor of the Edwards Church in Boston, where iie remained for 
two years. He then accepted a call from the Congregational Church in North 
Brookfield, Mass., to be colleague pa'^tor with the venerable Dr. Th. m-is Snell, who 
had then been pastor of the church fifty-three years. He remained at N )rth Brook- 
field until 1803, having been sole pastor after the death of Dr. Sneii in 1862. He 
was then chosen Boston Secretary of the American Congregational Union, which 
office he held until 1877. Upon his coming to Boston to enter up .'n the duties of 
this office, he became one of the associate editors of the Congrfjjalional Quarterly. 
In 1874 he became the owner and editor of the Quarterly, and devoted hi.=5 best pow- 
ers to make it an exceedingly valuable periodical. This publication ceased in 1873. 
During the last three years of his life Dr. CushiuiJ: has been laid aside mostly from 
active labors by the subtle disease which preyed upon his stren^^rh. His mind re- 
mained clear and -.ictive to the last. He was a man of penetrating intellect, emi- 
cent as a logician, and of a strong incisive stvle as a writer. 

He was married Sept. 23, 1847, to Mary Frances Choate, of Derry, N. H. The 
wife and a daughter Mary Frances Gushing survive. Two sons died in the former 

Mr. Gushing received his title of S.T.D. from Amherst College in 1871. 

Eben Wright, Esq., a life member and benefactor, was born in Haverhill, N. H., 
Sept. 16, 1819, and died at Charleston, S. C, April 1, 1^81. He was admitted a 
member of this society Dec. 30, 1^71. x\i the time of his death he was of the firm 
of Wright, Bliss & Fabyan, 190 Summer Street, one of the largest basiuess houses in 

His father was John Stratton^ Wright, a life member of this society, of whom a 
necrology was printed in the Reoister, vol. xxx. p. 117. 

Tracing the line backwards beyond the fiicts already given, the fither of John 
Stratton'^ was Eiienezer,* who was born in 175.5. The father of f>>enezer* wad 
Moses,* born in 1727. descended through Ben oni,* Elizur-^ and Samuel* from Deacon 
SainueF Wright, ol Springfield, .Ma-s. (See Register, iv. 355.) 

The name of Eben \\'riiiht first appears on the Bo.-te>n Directory in 1819, and at 
that time iiis hcune was in Chestnut Street. A year later (1850-51) he was of the 
firm of \Yright it Whitinan, and their |)Iace of i)usiness wns et-ta'>iished f(;r a time 
at 150 Congress Street. The nauie Wriirht in this firm stood ft.»r John S. «t Eben. 
Id the year 1864 the name of the firm appears as J. S. & E. Wright <fc Co., and the 

92 Booh Notices, [Jan. 

flace of business was 140 Devonshire Street, and at a later date at 69 Franklin St. 
n 1875 he first appears as of the firm of Wright, Biiss & Fabyan. The business 
relations of this house were very extensive, and Mr. Wright at the time of his death 
"Was possessed of large wealth. The estimated value of his property was $1,500,000. 
He was never married. 

The Rev. James Royal Cushing, a correspond ins: member, admitted Sept. 13, 1840, 
Tvas born in Salisbury, N. H., Nuv. 24, 1800. His father was Mr. Theodore Cash- 
ing, of whom a memoir will be found in the " Memorial Biographies '' of this soci- 
ety, Vol. 1. pp. 227-31. The Rev. Mr. Cushing's studies for the ministry were 
prosecuted at Bangor Theological Seminary, where he was graduated in 1828. Ue 
died at Tilton's Corner. East Haverhill. Mass., June 11, 1881, aged 80. 

After closing his studies at Bangor, he was employed for a few months in Boston 
as city missionary, when he accepted a call from the Consrregational Church in 
Boxboro', Mass., and was ordained there August 12, 1829. Four years later he be- 
came an agent of the American Tract Society. Subsequently, from 1835 to 1844^, 
he was pastor of the C;)ngregational Church in the East parish of Haverhill, Mass. ; 
from 1844 to 1854, pastor at Wells, Me. From 1854 to 1861, he was stated supply 
at East Taunton, Mass., and for seven years more he served in the same capacity 
at North Rochester, Mass. He preached also in other places ; but his public labors 
in the ministry ceased for the most part in 1873, since which time he has been living 
at East Haverhill, in the family of his son James R Cushin^g, Jr.. where he died. 

Be leaves two sons and a daughter, another daughter having died in early life. 


The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 

King's Moiintain and lis Hemes : History of the Battk of King's Mountain, Octo- 
ber 7, 1780, and the events which led to it. By Lyman C. Draper. Cincinnati : 
Peter G. Thomson. 1881. [8vo. pp. 612. Price .$4. Published by subscription.] 
Of the various campaigns of the revolution, nearly all have had more space de- 
Toted to them in history than those conducted in the southern states. Campaigns, 
indeed, these latter can scarcely be called, so destitute were they of systematic or- 
ganization and continuous plan ; and tiiey are well summarized in Greene's letter 
of May 1, 1781. to Washington, where he says : •' We fight, get beat, and fight 
again." The King's Mountain battle was fought before Gen. Greene's transfer to 
the southern department, and is a thoroughly representative engagement. Impor- 
tant as this victory undoubtedly was, its isolated petition, with no direct connec- 
tion with other movements of the war, deprives it of much of tiie historical signifi- 
cance which might otherwise attach to it ; and there is at first sicrhta conspicuously 
defective sense of proportion in bestowing more than six hundred octavo pages* on 
an account of the crushing of a mere recruiting expedition by a few bodies of coun- 
try militia, who did nothing to follow up their advantage. 

But Mr. Draper's history justifies this minute treatment, if any volume can, by 
the remarkable thorf)nghnes8 with which the work has been performed. Alter an 
examination of its painstaking unfolding of details, it is not difficult to believe that, 
as the author tells us, it is the result of forty years of labor, including long and 
"Wearisome journeys through the southera states to obtain personal interviews 
with the survivors of the engagement. It is scarcely possible, also, to speak in too 
hi^h praise of the author's careful references to ail pos.-ible sources of information, 
printed and manuscript ; not only in his foot-notes, but in such references as those 
at the end of cha[)ters 5 and 6. In his appendix he has brought together the orig- 
inal official orders and reports relating to the battle. 

It was during the first attempt of Cornwallis to push northward from S<3uth Car- 
olina that this bo<Iy of several hundred men under Colonel Ferguson, while on its 

• Only a single pajre is given to tliis ensagement in Heniy Lee's " Memoirs of the war 
in the southern department of the United States," puijlisbed'in 1812. 

1882.] Booh JSTotices, 93 

way back to rejoin the main arniN' at Charlotte, was literally surrounded on the bare 
summit of the inconsiderable knob known as Kini^'s ^luuntain, and almost as 
literally" cut to pieces. The tangle of condictini; statements as to the number en- 
gaged on each side is almost inextricable. Mr. Draper, atter careful investi£:atian, 
is inclined to hold that Ft'r2;uson's men numbered abuut 800, of whom 157 wei-e 
killed.* The attaekini^ force seems to have numbered about 900, f of whom only 
28 were killed.! De Peyster, not only in his sketch publibf.ed in IbOO, jupt referred 
to, but in his article of little more than a 3-earao:o,§ is of the opinion tbatthe attack- 
ini^ party was proportionally larger. It is interesting to norii-e that this slauirhter, 
in some respects as picturesque as the Lookout Mountain battle, was a bloody en- 
counter of Americans with Americans — scarcely a man beyond the higher ofiBeers hav- 
ing come from over the ocean. The king's troops were partly " Provincials," or loyal- 
ists from New York and New Jersey, and partly Carolinian loyalists whom Colonel 
Ferguson had just recruited from the immediate neighborhood. The men who at- 
tacked them were brave, but comparatively undisciplined mountaineers, comprisinij 
a few hundred from south-western Vir;.;inia, and more than 200 from what after- 
wards became Tennessee; the remainder being from the hill country of North and 
fcjouth Carolina. 

Mr. Bancroft, in his tenth volume, published in 1874. says that this victory. " in 
the spirit of the American soldiers like the rising at Concord, in its efiects like the 
successes at Bennington, changed the aspect of the war.*"!! This is doubtless true, 
so far as it served to discourage the southern loyalists from rising ; and as a result 
of it Cornwallis withdrew his army into South C'arolina again. But these moun- 
taineers had no plan of campaign, and after their victory the little army melted 
away, most of the men returning at once to their homes. iSo also the large capture 
of prisoners they had taken melted away, only about 130 being in possession of the 
American army when Gen. Greene took command in December. " Thus upwards 
of six hundred men who would have told in exchange were lost to their captors. "«[ 
What the result would have been had this success been vigorously followed up, and 
the victorious forces combined with tiie other sourhern troops, can only be a matter 
of conjecture. As it was, it can hardly be considered of direct, controlling impor- 
tance, as afiecting the final catastrophe at Yorktown. Johnston, the latest historian 
of Yorktown, is clearly right in stating that "* the King's Mountain aifalr " '' only 
postponed the occupation of North Carolina until re-intbrcements could reach the 
British camp.'"** 

Allusion has been made to certain elements of picturesqueness in the King's 
Mountain battle. Mr. Draper's treatment of the subject has done full justice to 
these details. In fact the book may be said to be crowded with incident ; and 
this, while certainly contributiuir to the interest of the story, most certainly does 
not help in establishing for the reader a clear historical perspective of the affair. 
The historical student, after finishing this volume, will read with pleasure the con- 
cise but clearly developed sketch of the engagement, by Mr. De Peyster, already 
alluded to,tt though it is difficult to see wiiat necessity exh■^ts, after the publication 
of Mr. Draper's book, for the expanding of this sketch into a volume, as is there 

Mr. Draper has been known as a careful historical student through a long life, 
devoted not indeed to the publishing of books but the collecting of material. With 
this volume he breaks his long period of preparation, and is prepared, it is under- 
stood, to follow it with other works on early American history, which, it is to be 
hoped, will show equally with this his painstaking accuracy. It should be added 
that this work is equipped with an excellent index, though why the numbers of the 
pages should be wholly omitted from the table of contentd, it is not easy to under- 

[By William E. Foster, A.M., of Providence, R, l.\ 

* Drapcr'.s " Kina^s Mountain, p. 301. 

t Compare De Peyster's " King's Mountain," Historical Magazine, March, 1869, p. 193. 

t Draper's '* Kind's Mountain," p. 
J '^Tl " ' 

The affair at King's Mountain,'" by J. W. De Peyster, Magazine of American History, 
De'c. 1880, p. 401-2;L 

II Bancroft's " United States," v. 10, p. 340. 
II Greene's •' Life of Nutfuuuu.'l Greene," v. 3. p. 78. 

** '* Tlie Yorktown Cumpaitru and tlie Surrender of Cornvrallis, 1781," by H. P. Johnston, 
New York, 18«l. p. 23. 
ft Magazine of American History, Dec. 1, 1880, p. 401-23. 


94 Booh Notices. [Jau. 

Reports nn the Estate of Sir Andrew Chadwick and the recent Proceedings of the 
Chadwick Associalion in reference thereto. By Edmund Chadwick, Chairman, and 
James Boardman, Secretary and Treasurer of ihe Chadwick Association. With 
Appendices, chiefly reprints of official documents. To which is prefixed the life 
and history of bir Andrew Chadwick .... by John Oldfield Chadwick, F.S.S., 
F.R.G.S. London: Simpkin, Marshall & Co. Manchester; Tubhs, Brook <fc 
Chrystal. New Yurk : Charles L. \Vo<jdward, 76 N<assau Street. 1681. [SmaU 
quarto, cloth, pp. xiv.-+-300. With portrait, illustration and folded pedigrees. 
Price $11.] 

This book is valuable to societies like ours, because the anxious inquirers for im- 
mense estates in England merely awaiting claimants, can find a quietus by a perusal 
of " the potency of Ihe Statute of Limitation," as presented in Appendix S, p. 290 
et seq. On p. 118. " it will be seen that from the fact of the property having been 
disposed of and held for twelve years, no claimants can now come forward and dis- 
turb the present holders." Many references to modern changes in the laws are 
mentioned, which make the want oi' timely vifjilance on the part of remote ancestors 
a bar to the recovery by their descendants. 

The illegality of associations which provide that its shareholders shall divide the 
spoils with a successful claimant, is declared by the counsel of this association (page 
286) " to be ' maintenance' in its worst aspect, as pronounced by Lord Campbell 
in Sprj'e vs. Porter." 

The chapter on copyhold tenure is interesting, and the exemplification of its use 
is seen to advantage in this case ; future genealogists will have less trouble to dis- 
cover the changes in ownership of land, when the American method of record is 
adopted in Great Britain, for which arrangements are now being made. 

The details of this case are of special importance to those who have paid for its 
investigation. Sir Andrew Chadwick (born in 1684) was a man whose blood no 
decent person would like to inherit ; " the accident of his informal will has alone 
rescued his name from oblivion." (p. viii.) 

He belonged to the b(j<3y guard of Queen Anne, and the author has no doubt that 
he was selected on accouni of his physique, in which he takes a great pride, as a 
chief characteristic of the Chadwicks of England. It is evident that his animal pro- 
pensities, combined with suspicion of others and great secretiveness, made him any- 
thing but the pattern of knighthood. W^hen he was knighted (from the dates either 
side of his record, supposed to be in 1710) he was so near a nonentity that the 
•word Chadwick upon the page of the original record book shows ail that was 
known of him or his ancestors in the Colleire of Arms. He was connected ia 
some way with the lotteries to raise part of the revenue for the government, and 
probably in this position " feathered his nest." In 1718 he married the daughter of a 
London apothecary, and after his death she found he had appropriated her father's 
stocks. He was a strange compound of pomp and meanness ; he bought showy 
horses and a carriage before such conveyances were common ; but he lived adjacent 
to the pest-house field, which had been used as a place of interment for thousands 
who died of the plague, and was in close proximity to booses built for lepers' 

He treated his wife shabbily, and provided handsomely for a bastard daughter 
•who lived opposite tto him in one of his own houses ; beside which he left to the 
notorious Betty Chudleigh one hundred guineas for a ring to wear in remembrance 
of him. The person with whom he was most intimate, and to whom he leit most 
of his personal estate, asserted that he was a bastard, and this taint was quite freely 
dispersed among his near relatives. The fifth codicil of his will, on page 56, gives 
a specimen of his snarling ways. When he died .■<*20,000 in money was found se- 
creted in various parts of his house, and he had 2387 oz. of plate, but be allowed 
everything to run down about his house. 

After the book had been written it was found that his birth occurred several years 
earlier than was supposed, and this fact materially aifects the value of the early 
part of the book. 

The aasumption that all the Chadwicks are consanguineous is carried to a 
foolish extent. The author could learn from Edmund's book on the names of 
places, that such saints as Chad and Brice gave names to places which long after- 
ward became descriptive personal names, as designating the location of tamilit-s, 
end finally became patronymics of the chief family in possession. Because a tamily 
name is Saxon it di^es not prove the family to be of Saxon blood, and it would 
thke a vivid imagination to connect the well-authenticated family of Chadwick of 

1882.] Book Notices, 95 

Healey, whoFc family documents and history reach back only to 1450 or there- 
abouts, with the saintly Chad (A. D. 669;, or the Martial Cerdic (A.D.519), or 
even with 8ir Andrew Chadwick of 1710. 

The Chadwick pedi2:ree of the family referred to is given on page 297, and is one of 
the best-evidenced pedigrees in the Colle;^e of Arms, supported % a series of family 
deeds and authentic documents. An attempt was made in 1613 to attach another 
family of Chadwicks to the Healey family's pedigree, in this way : When Richard 
St. George, Nurroy King of Arms, made his visitation in Lancashire in 1613, he 
made a note for further inquiry, but the page was subsequently tilled up with ap- 
parently legal and heraldic authority, but not authenticated and subscribed, and 
altogether fabulous. It was probably the handy- work of John Wither, in the in- 
terest of Dr. John Chadwick, who was chaplain to King Charles I. Col. John 
Chadwick of the Nottingham family had been supposed to Be a connecting link with 
the family in Lancashire, but his pains-taking and well informed son Charles Chad- 
wick, F.8.A., assisted by J . C. Brooks, Esq., Somerset Herald, failed completely to 
find consanguinity. 

A few words perhaps should be said on the question of the armorial bearing 
which liberally embellish the book. It is well known that the grr.nts of arms in 
England specify to whom they shall descend from the original owner of the 
*' paten," thus: In i52'J. 13 Henry VIII., Thomas Wriothsley, Garter, ordains, 
devises and assisrns a crest to William Coffin of Haiden, co. Derby, '* for him and 
his posterity with due difference." King Richard 11. grant^id a crest in 1390 to 
Thomas, £ari Marshal and of Nottinixham, "to the said Thomas and his hetrs.'' 
Norfolk, £ari Marshal, through bir I>aac Heard. Garter, and George Harrison, 
Clarenceaux, granted, in 1804, to Isaac Coinn of N. E. birth, " Armorial Ensigns 

proper to be borne by him and his descendants and by those of his late father 

with due and proper dirierence." In 1417 Henry V. instituted the otfice of Garter 
King of Arms, and issued a writ to the sheriffs of the different counties forbidding 
all manner of persons henceforth to bear any arms not derived from their ancestors, 
without license from himself, or the officers of arras, excepting such as had borne 
arms at Agincourt. Arms borne previous to this time c^vued prescriptive rx^n^ \ 
but even these rights require proof of descent or inheritance from an ancestor in ac- 
tual occupation of the arms, and not assumption only, as in this book. A furtljer 
weakness in Sir Andrew's case, and the English and xlmerican persons of the name, 
who hoped to be heirs to his estate, is that if the remote ancestors had been Arrni- 
aers^ having fallen from their high e-^tate and become yeomen, the right would have 
been lost under the rulings of Sir William Dugdale. 

The ofEcers of this association are entitled to great credit for the thoroughness and 
impartiality with which they have investif^dted the Chadwick genealogy and the 
claims to the Chadwick estate ; as well as for the candor with which they have re- 
ported the truth to their members. The book makes a handsome volume. 

[By John Cofjin Jones Brown, Esq., of Boston.] 

History of Cecil County, Maryland, and the early Settlements around Chesapeake 
Bay and the Delaware River, with Sketches of some of the old families of Cecil 
County. By George Johnstone. Elkton : Published by the Author. ISSl. 
[8vo. pp. 548. Price .§3 in cloth, or §3.75 in sheep library binding. Address 
the author at Elkton, 2ild.] 

This work is another valuable addition to the history of Maryland. One more 
county takes its place in printed form, and goes upon the record that may be pre- 
served so long as ink and jjaper endure. The history of this county has been faith- 
fully, laboriously, and wc jud^e accurately portrayed by Mr. Johnstone. Beginning 
with the early explorations of Capt. John Smith in the waters of Cecil County, the 
author recites the attempt to establish a trading post on Palmer's Island near the 
mouth of the Susquehanna River, before the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. 
An interesting sketch of I^rd Baltimore and his son Cecil Calvert, the second Ix)rd 
Baltimore, precedes an account of the early settlements upon the Delaware River, 
and then we have a narration of the events pertaining to the first permanent settle- 
ment in the county, ihe troubles l^etween the Dutch and the English are told in 
a very interesting manner. 

Cecil County appetirs to have been created by proclamation of Governor Charles 
Calvert in 1674, and a c.iurt house was erected in 1692. It would ap[>ear that the 
only colony of Labadists which was ever established in the United Estates were liv- 
ing upon Bohemia Manor nearly two hundred years ago. The romantic story of 

96 Booh ^Notices, [Jan. 

George Talbot and his wonderful adventures is told in an interesting manner. The 
efforts of tue various reliiriuus denominations — the Quakers, Episcopalians and Pres- 
byterians — to estahli-;n themselves are fully set forth. One ot the chapters gives us 
the best account of Mason and Dixon's Line \ve ijave ever seen, containing a de- 
tailed account of the running of this boundary, so interesting to historians and 
politicians. Tlie era of the revolution is vividly skeiched and ttic part taken there- 
in botli by patriots and loyalists. Cecil County was also an arena lor the opera- 
tions of the armies of the war of 1810, as it had been during the revolution. Tlie 
subsequent growth and prosperity of the county is traced in a ciear manner ; the 
march of progress has left its imprint on the territory in various ways, and the in- 
troduction of steam has wonderfully assisted internal intercourse and transporta- 
tion, and enhanced the value of commodities. The volume closes with an account 
of some of the more prominent families in the county. An excellent map is at- 
tached, which adds much io the usefulness of the volume. \V"e wish we could say 
as much for the index. It is extremely meagre, and is of very little use. Tiic booii 
on the whole is well worth the reading by tliose who are interested in general his- 
tory. The citizens of Cecil County ought to value it highly, for it is a work of 
great labor and research, compiled without the aid of the early colonial and county 
records, and has perpetuated for them a history of their county which a century to 
come could not have been compiled. All antiquaries will derive much pleasure and 
information from the perusal of the pages of this book. 
[By Daniel T. V. Huntoon^ Esq., of Canton, Mass.] 

History of (he Town of Gilsum, New Hampshire. From 1752 (o 1879, iciih Maps 

and Illustrations. By Silvanus IIayward, A.M. [Motto.] Printed for the 

Author by John B. Clark, Manchester, N. 11., 18S1. [4to. pp. 468.] 

We are happy to note a rapidly increasing interest in the matter of publishing 

town histories, and an improvement in the arrangement, style and typographical 

appearance of those recently issued. In order to write a good work of this kind a 

person must have a taste for this species (jf labor and a large amount of patience. 

Such works require also accuracy, completeness, method, brevity, and the utmost 

impartiality. When a work combines these requisites, its value can hardly be 


A careful examination of the volume before us will convince the reader that a 
large am(junt of labor, patient research, care and pains has been expended in its 
compilation. It bears throughout decisive m;irks of faithfulness and a peculiar fit- 
ness of the author for such efforts. Mr. liayward is a native of Gilsum, which adds 
one more advantage to those already mentioned. Besides a local pride in having 
a perfect work, so far as can be, he has had every facility in gathering up the 
fragments which help to make a comph te town history. It is pleasant to find in 
one volume so faithfully recorded so much material as is herein contained. It is 
a labor of five years or more, and the results are now made public. The volume 
contains -ifiS pages, divided into three parts, and 38 chapters, and is well illustrated 
by 50 heliotype portraits of leading citizens of the town, views of residences and 
noted places, with three maps explaining the various localities, rivers, roads, &c., 
prepared by the auth(;r expressly lor this work. 

Part I opens with the natural hi^tory of the town, then treats of the charter and 
proprietorship, the part her citizens bore in the revolutionary war, the war of 1812, 
and the war of t!ie rebellion. Next follows an account of the different cemeteries, 
a jist of burials in the same, an official record, its ecclesiastical and educational 
history, its libraries and lyceunis, industries, census returns, &c. 

Part 2 contains topograpliical and bioirraphical information, with the location of 
the residents through jut the seven districts. This is an original idea wiih tlie au- 
thor and an exceedingly gcKjd one, worthy of imitation, exhibiting a vast amount 
of personal effort. Tiien follow short sketches of prominent and prufeseional per- 
sons, accompanied with portraits. 

Part 3 has nearly two hundred pages of closely printed family registers, alpha- 
betically arranged, many of them very full. They will be appreciated by those in 
any way connected with the families here represented, and will be a valual)le aid 
to future genealogists. We hope the example .'^et in this work may stimulate 
other t')wns to gather up their items oi hist-^ry and have them placed in book form. 
Many uf the New Hamp-hire towns have given to the public excellent local histories, 
hut riieie is room i^r uiMre. It is to be iioped that other towns may L>€ as iurtu- 
nate iu its historiographer as that of Cilsum. 

1882.] Book Notices. ^7 

The book is a handsome quarto volume, admirably printed on good paper, with 
large and clear type. Last, but notof the least importance, it has what manj' town 
histories have not, a complete index, a most valuable adjunct to any book. 

[By Bradford Kingman, Esq., of Brookline, Mass.] 

Organization of the Virginia Historical Society; Officers and Members: With a 

List of tis Pubiications. [Seal.] Richmond, Va. : Published by the Virginia 

Historical Society. 1681. [8vo. pp. 23.] 

We are glad to notice the activity shown by the Virginia Historical Society in 
prosecuting the objects for which it was organized. The " Old Dominion " is rich 
in historic memories and abounds in documentary materials for bittory. "We are 
therefore pleased to witness a determination, by the society and ita members, that 
no effort shall be spared to gather up and pret^erve its ancient documents and rec- 
ords. The recent acquisition of the Dinwiddle Papers, and the securing of the 
Fcrvices of Mr. Brock as curator and librarian, have already been noticed in the 
Begister (xxxv. 386,369). 

The executive committee, to whom the matter wae entrusted, have been success- 
ful in greatly enlarginc^ the membership of the society among those interested in 
its object, both in Virginia and in other states of the union. The fee is iitty dollars 
for lite membership, or five dollars a year for annual members. There is no en- 
trance fee. It is not required that contributing members shall be residents of Vir- 
ginia. Life and annual members are entitled to receive without charge all the 
future publications of the society. Several valuable works are announced as in 
preparation, among which are the " Letter Books of Gen. Alexander Spotswood," 
1710-22; and the " Records of the Administration of Lieut. Gov. Robert Dinwid- 
dle," 1752-57. 

History of the Discovery of the North-west. By John Nicolet, 1634. With a Sketch 
of his Life by C. \V. Butterfield, Author of " Crawford's Campaign against 
Sandusky," *' History of Wisconsin," in " Historical Atlas of the State," 
" The Washington-Crawford Letters," " History of the University of Wiscon- 
sin," etc. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co. 1681. [8vo. pp. 113.] 
This monograph touches a question of interest to students of early American his- 
tory. John Niculet was a man of energy, strong parts, and a genuine lover of ad- 
venture. He came to New France in 1618. Samuel Champlain, cherishing high 
hopes in him, sent him among the natives to learn their language. He resided 
among the Algonquins about two years, then among the Nipiseings and Hurons some 
ten years. It may have been that he returned to Quebec about the time of the 
change in the mode of government, in 1627, but if he did he returned and was with 
the natives during the years Quebec was held by the English, 1629-1032. He re- 
turned to Quebec in the summer of 1633. conversant in the languages of the Algon- 
quins, Hurons and Nipissings, acquainted with savage habits and modes of living, 
receiving in his intercourse with them traditions of the past, and was altogether such 
a man as Champlain desired to carry forward his own spirit and aims, and with a 
far-seeing mind to attach the various Indian tribes to the interests of France. 

The author follows the Hon. Benjamin Suite, Ottawa, Canada, in the opinion that 
Nicolet disajvered the North-west in 1634 and 1635, instead of five years later. 
This opinion is sustained by a series of extracts from the Jesuite Relations, and the 
Registres des Trois Rivieres still extant. John Nicolet, the interpreter and c^ommis- 
eary of Champlain. is not mentioned by Bancroft, nor by Gen. Smith in his history 
of Wisconsin, while Dr. J. G. Shea did not place his explorations as early by five 
years, and Parkman in his earlier editions says his voyage was " as early as 1639." 
Mr. Parkman in his later edition follows Suite. Mr. Suite's article upon this 
question is found in " Melanges D' Histoire et de Literature,''' Ottawa, 1876, pp. 
426, 436, This monograph is valuable since it embraces data upon the point in 
question, and notes as to where other data may be found, though these references 
are not as full as they might have been. For instance, it makes no reference to the 
recent English translation of Champlain'' s Voyages with historical illustrations, 
and a Memoir by the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, published under the auspices of the 
Prince Society. The valuable foot-notes of this later volume by Mr. Slafter are 
almost as important as the text itself. He had probably not seen it. Mr. liatter- 
field quite conclusively shows that at no earlier time, nor at a later one, could Nico- 
let have been absent from the settlement to have made this tour to the great north- 
west. The document, said to have been the last which Champlain wrote and ^>er- 
hapa the only one extant in his own handwriting, was written August 15, 1635, 

98 JBooJc Notices, [Jan. 

to Cardinal de Richelieu, in which he depicts in glowing terms the possibilities of 
New France. May it not have been inspired by the recent return of Nicolet? Chnin- 
plain died the foUowin:; Christmas, and Nioolet was drowned in October, lt)4"2. 
This volume also enforces the idt-a that Nicolet had nothins: to do with the Jesu- 
its, being solely in tlie employ of the Society of the Hundred Associates. 
[By the Rev. Anson Titus, Jr., of Weymouth, Mass.\ 

BibUography of Charlestown, Massachusetts, and Bunker Hill. [Mottoes.] By Jame3 
F. HuNNEWELL. Boston : James R. Osgood and Company. 1680. [Svo. pp. 100.] 
This is, we believe, the first attempt to give the bibliography of a town, and the 
success which has attended this first eiFort is certainly encouraging. In collecting 
materials for it Mr. Ilunnewell has gathered a library of Chiirlestown liteiature 
which may be considered a marvel of completeness, for most of the works whose 
titles he gives in the book before us are on his own shelves. The works were writ- 
ten by natives or residents ol Charlestown, or they were printed there. The ar- 
rangement is chronological, which enables us to trace the development of the lite- 
rature of the place. 

" One reason, and not a minor one, for the production of this work," Mr. Ilun- 
newell states, " is a renewal of what the writer has advocated for certain iil)rarie3 
with which he has been associated, the claim of the importance of placing and ])re- 
serving on their shelves all proper aids and illustrations to Local History pertinent 
to the position or purposes of the collection. And he offers this work as a suggestion 
— not a model — of something that seems still to be needed for many towns. The 
acquisition of what such lists may contain need not be, even now, excessively dtfS- 
cult ; for although when attempted by a single person it may be one of those eilbrta 
nearly enough impossible to be exciting and interesting, when undertaken by a hun- 
dred persons, each of whom supplies even a single book or pamphlet, a large ag- 
gregate can be formed by small individual sacrifice or contribution. Pamphlets 
that, scattered separately, may be of moderate interest or value, often become, when 
put together, like the signatures of a complete and important book. And signa- 
tures like these are every year becoming more scarce. Through the country the 
omnivorous junk-dLaler has drawn his net, and the waste-basket received its vic- 
tims. And yet the old closets, drawers, or boxes, may still yield things desired.'' 

The suggestions of Mr. Hunneweli are excellent. The New England Ilisioric, 
Genealogical Society has attempted to some extent to do for ail the towns in New 
England what is here recommended for the several towns ; but they have not the 
facilities for doing it which residents possess. The custodian of e\ery town-library 
should begin at once to collect every book, pamphlet, handbill, shop card, order of 
exercises, programme and broadside of every description relating to the town. 
Such a collection would be of great service not only to those who should undertake 
to write the history of that town, but to many others in various ways. 

Pioneer History of Milwaukee, from 1840 to \Q\Q inclusive. Vol. 2. By James S. 

BrcK. [Seal.] Milwaukee; Symmes, Swain & Co., Book and Job Printers. 

1881. [Svo. pp. 383.] 

The first volume of Mr. Buck's History of Milwaukee was issued in 1870, and 
•was noticed in the Register, vol. xxxi. p. 243. It contained the annals of that])l;ice 
from its first American settlement in 1833 to the close of the year 1840. The {jresent 
volume, after giving important facts and documents relating to that peri-.Kl, obtained 
since the issue of the first volume, continues the anmdb froui 1840 to the close of i»45. 
It is filled with valuable matter relative to the history of one of the most important 
cities in the west, is illustrated by portraits and views of old buildings, and has a 
good index. Mr. Buck was a pioneer settler of the place whose history he records. 

Yorktown Centennial Illustrated , October, 1881 Published by the Photo-Elec- 
trotype Co., 63 Oliver Street, Boston. [Folio, pp. 16 Price 25*'cts ] 
Plan of the Sieye of Yorktown. From a Surcey by Major Schaslian Bnuman 
of the New York 2d Reyiment of Artillery, Three dags after the ^Surrender of 
Cornwallis. Reproduced fjy the' PhotoFlectrotype Company, 63 Oliver Street, 
Boston, Mass. [1881. Broatlside, 29 in. by 18 in. For sale by the Photo-Elec- 
trotype Company. Price 25 cts.j 

The *' Yorktown Centennial " is an illustrated paper 'jot up principally for the 
use of vi.-itors at the centennial celebration of the surrender of Cornwalfis in Octo- 
ber last, and contains en^^ravini^s and historical matter coneernin;; thesie;^e of York- 

1882.] Booh JSFotices, W 

town and the actors in it. It is worthy of preservation, especially by collectors of 
centenary literature. 

The " Plan of the Siege of Yorktown" is a fac-similc of Major Bauman's map, 
photo-electrotyped Irom a copy in the possession of the New Enu:!and liistorie. Gen- 
ralogii'^al Society. The New York Historical Society and the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania have tine copies of the oriirinal enj^ravino:, and other Ct)pics are to be 
found in the possession of lihraries and individuals ; but the engravinir i"? considered 
scarce. It was published in l7s-2, beini; en2;raved by K. Scot, of Philadelphia. A 
reduced fac-simile is ^iven in the " Yorktown Centennial,'' noticed above. 

Education. An International Magaziiie, Bi-monthly, devoted to Science, Art, Philos- 
ophy, Literature and Education. Thomas W. Bicknell. Conductor. _ Boston : 

New England Publishing Co. New York : August Brentano, Jr., Lnion Square. 

London: Trubner & Co., 57 and 59 Ludgate tlill; Thomas Laurie, Stationers' 

Hall Court. Paris: IL Ix? Soudier, 19 Rue de Lillie. I^ipsic : 3 Konigstrasse. 

[8vo. about 100 pages a number. Price 75 cts. or $4 a year.] 

At last we have a maijazine worthy of the grand subject it espouses, and a credit 

to the originators. It has been commenced none too soon, and wc hope that it will 

meet with tliat success whieli it richly deserves. In a literary point of view it 

will rank with any on this side the ocean or the other. 

It numbers among its contributors on the cast side the Atlantic such names as 
John Russell, F.E.LS., FTl.H.S., London; Prof. S. S. Laurie, A.M . F.R.S.E., 
Edinburgh; Prof. J. H. Seeley, author of Eece, England; William Jolly, 
A.M., ILM.S., Scotland ; James Washintiton Bell, Leipziir, Etc. : while on the west 
side we have writers of equal ability in John Eaton. Ph.D., LL.I)., Commissioner 
of U. S. Bureau of Education ; John D. Philbrick. LL.D.. of Boston; William T. 
Harris, LL.D , John M. Gregory, LL.D.. Hon. J. AV. Patterson. LL.D., Prof. 
Maria Mitchell, and scores of others, male and female, well wortliy of mention, 
did space permit. Indeed it would seem that this review is m(jre than any other in- 
clined to give to woman a chance to tell what she knows in the higher realm of 
thought. Judging from the 'articles before us, the ''honors are easy " between 
her and him. she ho'ding, of course, the "' queen." 

An interesting {i:'At\.\VQ oi Education \% the steel engravings of distiniiuished edu- 
cators, living and departed. The latter arc often accorap<inied by a biograp.hieal 
eketeh of the life of the subject. We hope the enterprisini: conductor will not stop 
until he ha.s thus embalmed a host of educational authors with whom we would 
gladly become acquainted. 

The work was connuenced in September. 18-^0, and eight bi-monthly numbers have 
now been published. We have read a large nun\ber of the articles in the last five 
numbers, and have found them thouiriitfui and exhibiting vast learning and research. 
Judging fri;m present prospects, he who for ten years takes and reads Education, 
will have at the end a '* liberal education!" 
[By Georye T. Litthfidd, Esq., of Boston.] 

Around the Hub. A Boy's Book of Boston. By Samuel Adams 

Boston: Roberts Brothers. 1881. fl2mo. pp. 267, Profusely illustrated. Price 


Mr. Drake has had marked success in his efforts to interest his readers in the in- 
cidents of our p:ist history, and in the persons and places C'.>nnected with them. His 
" Landmarks of Old Boston.'' " Hist(;ric FieMs and Mansions of .Nfiddiesex,*' and 
" Nooks and Corners of the New England C<rast," have made his lame and merits 
ae a writer so fimiliar to the readers of the present day, that there is no nee<i to in- 
troduce him to them, ncjr to point out his excellencies of style and matter. His pre- 
vious publications, though intended for older people, have found many readers 
among the rising generation ; and they will learn v/ith pleasure that he has writ- 
ten a book about Boston intended especially for them. 

?ieio England Historic, Genealor/ical Society. Report of its Heraldic Committee on 

the Question. Was John Levtrett a Kniyht? Boston: David Clapp & Son, 

Printers. 188L [8vo, pp. 22.J 

100 Booh Notices. [J 


uable Introduction, and has appended a useful note on the British orders of Knight- 

The conclusion at which the committee arrive, after full investiiration of the sub- 
ject, ought to settle the question in the minds of all candid people. *' Upon the 
whole," they eay, "the committee are of opinion that the supposition thnt Gov. 
Leverett was ever knighted \s not established by any evidence known to the com- 
mittee. There is nothing even plausible which can be found to give color to such a 
claim, and the evidence that the committee have obtained is whollv aszainst it." 

The letter of Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., D.C.L.,6ept. 29. 1881. is to the 
eame effect, fie writes me in relation to the royal letter : " The cxplanatiou 1 would 
Buggest is that Williamson was notoriously a careless man, and that this was one 
of his blunders. It seems absolutely certain that Leverett never was knighted, or 
there would be evidence of the fact in other quarters." 1 ought to have stated in 
the editorial remarks in the October Register that Col. Chester arrived at his con- 
clusion independently of Mr. Tuttle. He had of course read the letter of Mr. Tut- 
tle .some months before, hut he did not remember when he wrote me that 2*lr. Tuttle 
had referred to the carelessness of Secretary Williamson, nor that he had sugijeeted 
that the address was a blunder. My letter of August 25, ISSO, merely asked Col. Ches- 
ter to ascertain whether tliere was any record in London of the letter printed in the 
Massachusetts Historical Collections, xxxii. 223, without referring to Mr. Tattle ; 
and his reply was the letter from which I quote. 

*'■ Decies Repetita Placthit:'— Picturesque Rhode Island. Pen and Pencil Sketches 
of the Scenery and History of its Cities, Towns and Hamlets, and of Men who 
have made them Famous. By Wilfred H. Munro. Providence: J. A. k R. A. 
Keid, Publishers. 18^1. [4to. pp. 304.] 

This is a lively and picturesque description of the state of Rhode Island, designed 
principally for the many vi-^itors to its seaside retreats, and for those who wish a 
general view of its prreent status. Each town is taken up separately, and historical 
and descriptive accounts of the several towns are given, with fine pictorial illus- 
trations of public edifices, ancient buildings, scenery, etc. Large plans of the 
cities of Providence and Newport, and maps of the state of Rhode Island and Nar- 
raganset Bay are given. 

Its typography is of a high order, its engravings well executed, and its binding 

[By the Rev. Anson Titus, Jr., of Weymouth.] 

Memoir of Samuel Stehman Haldeman, LL.D., Professor of Comparative Philology 
in the University of Pennsylvania. By Charles Henry Hart, Historiographer of 
the Numismatic and Antiquarian Socit-ty of Philadelphia With an Appen- 
dix. Philadelphia. 1881. [Royal 8vo. pp. 26.] 

Mr. Hart has here added another to the many valuable memoirs of distinguished 
persons that he has prepared as historiographer of the Numismatic and Antiqua- 
rian Society. This memoir was originally .printed in the Penn Monthly for August, 
1881. The appendix contains a list'of the .scientific publications ot Prof. Haldeman, 
filling several pages, also a list of the literary honors which lie received. 

Thomas Corwin, A Sketch. By A. P. Russell, Author of Library Notes. Cin- 
cinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1831. [12mo. pp. 128. Price $1. Sent by mail 
post-paid on receipt of price.] 

The life of Thomas Corwin, the famous western orator and statesman, ie written 
by one who knew him well and admired his genius. It " abounds in anecdotes 
and illustrations of the m'jst entertaining character. Though small in bulk, it is 
more extensive and elaborate than anything that has before appeared relating to 
the great orator." The book is very readable. It has a newly engraved portrait, 
said to be a striking likeness. 

Reminiscences of the War of the Rebellion, 18QI-5. By J. Albert Moxroe (Late 

Lieutenant Colonel First Rho<le Island Light Artillery). Providence : N. Bangs 

>V illiams & Co. 1681. [Fcp. 4to. pp. 78. Price 50 cts. to non-subscribers.] 

This is the eleventh number of " Personal Narratives of Events in the War of 

the fi<;bellion," several of the previous numbers of which series have before been 

noticed by us. They consist of papers read before tlic Rhode Lsland Soldiers' and 

Sailors' Historical Society. The society deserves much credit for iia labors in pre- 

1882.] Book Notices, 101 

Fervin:^ the'record of events in so important a portion of our national history. G)l. 
Monroe served in Viivginia with the ariuy of the Potomac. His narrative is quite 

A Poetical Ephtk to George Washington, Esq., Commander in Chief of thp. Armies 
of the Uniltii States of America. By Rev. Charles IIenrv Wuarto.v, D.D. From 
the Original Manu-cripc Ijclonging to D-wid Fulsifer. A.M "With an Ap- 
pendix.^ 15 ision : Printed for David Pulsiter. i'or sale by A. Williams & Co., 
283 Washington Street. ISSl. [l-2mo. pp. 106.] 

The original manuscript, from which the epistle to Gen. Washington is here 
printed, was imported from Enirland by Mr. Pulsiter about a quarter of a centur}"" 
ago, and exhibited at a meeting of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 
April I, 1857. The poem was anonymous, except that the title-page stated it to be 
by "A Native of the Province of ^Jaryland." There were no indications tiiat it 
had ever been printed. In the report of that meeting in the Historical Magazine, 
vol. i. p. lo4, an extract was printed, which led Col. Thomas Aspinwali in tlie .'^ame 
work, p. iS3, to call attention to a London edition of the work, also anonymous, re- 
printed from an Annapolis edition of 1779 ; and in the same volume, at p. 22 1, the 
present bishop of Iowa, the Rt. Rev. William Stevens Perry, D.D., LLD., furnished 
the name and other particulars of the author, the Rev. Dr. Charles H. Wliarton. 
Subsequently, t<) identify the liandwriting of the manuscript, Dr. Perry loaned 
Mr. Pulsifer several letters of Dr. Wharton ; and they with the manuscript were 
referred to a couimittec of this society, who reported S?pt. B, I8fi5. that the manu- 
script was evidently in the handwriting of Dr. Wharton, the author. (Register, 
xix 375 ; sx. 89.) 

Mr. Pulsifer's appendix contains an account of tlie author, besides interesting and 
Taluable documents, relating to Washington, from various sources. He gives copies 
of the facsimile ^Vashington memorial tablets at the state-house in this city. 
When these tablets were placed there they were suppo.^ed to be memorials of the 
father, uncle and aunt of John Washington, the eujigrant ancestor of (ien. Wash- 
ington ; but Col. Chester has since proved (Register, xxi. 25-35) that Lawrence, 
Robert and Elizabeth Washington, whose memory these stones perpetuate, did 
not bear the supposed relationship to tlie father of our country. 

Vir.k''s Floral Guide. James Tick. Rochester, N. Y. 1882. [Bvo. pp. 124. Price 

The " Floral Guide," which Mr. Vick, of Rochester, i.-sues annually, appears 
with its usual proinfjtness this year. It contains two elegant colored plates of flow- 
ers and fruits, and more than one thousand illustrations of the choicest flowers, 
plants anii vegetables, with directions for growing them, it is printed in German 
as well as English. 

A Record of the Descendants of Capt. George Denison of Stonington, Conn. With 
Notices of his Father and Brothers, and !Some Account of othtr Denisons who set- 
tled in America in the Colony Tunes, Prepared by Joux Denison Baldwin and 
William Cliet. Worcester: Printed by Tyler & Seagrave. l!-81. [8vo. pp. 
423. Price $5 ; by mail, $5.26. To be obtained of the Hon. William Ciift, 
Mystic Bridge, Ct.] 

Philip Hunton and his Descendants. By Daniel T. V. Huntoon. Canton, Mas- 
sachusetts: 1881. [8vo. pp. 113. Price ,$1.50 in cloth, $1.25 in paper.] 

The Candee Genealogy. With Notices of Alli'^d Families ofAllyn, Catlin, Cooke, 
Matlerij, Newell, Norton, Pgnchon and Wadsworth. By Charles Candee Bald- 
win, M.. A.., Secretary of the Historical Society at Cleveland, Ohio Cleve- 
land. Ohio: Leader Printing Company. 1682. [8vo. pp. 240. Price $3.50 in 
half Turkey or half American Russia. Address the Author, 1204 Euclid Aven- 
ue, Cleveland, Ohio.] 

Paine Genealogy. Jpsicich Branch ; including a Brif History of the Norman Race, 
(to which all Families nf " Paine'" brlong), from its Origin until the Conquest 
and the Crusade in which Hugh de Payen servf.d. By Albert W. Paine. Ban- 
gor, Maine : Printed by O. F.Knowles & Company. 1881. [8vo. pp. 184. Price 
$1.50, or .$1.59 'us mail. To be obtained of the Author, Bangor, .Me., or U, II. 
Carter, 3 iJeacon Stieet, Boston, Ma.-s.j 

Genealogical Notes of the Paine Familij of Worcester. Mass. By Nathaniel Paine. 

Privately printod. Albany: 1878. [8vo. pp. 27. Fifty copies only printed.] 

VOL. XiiVl. 10 

102 Booh Xotices. [Jan. 

Paine Family Records. Vol. 2, No. 4. October, ISfll. 8vo. Published qnarter- 
1}', each number 24 pages. Price $1 a year. Address LI. D. Paine, M.D., the 
editor, 20 West 30ch 8t., New York, N. 1'.] 

Genealogy, Bioyraphij and History. Genealogy of the S^.agrave Family, from 1725- 
18SI. as descended from John and Sarah- S'-nyrave, who came from England. 
With Several Appendices, containing Genealogical^ Biographical and Historical 
Memoranda relating to the Families inentioned in the Record. By Daniel t!E.\- 
GRAVE. Worcester: Printed by Tyler & Seao;rave. 1881. [8vo. pp. 55+38. 
Li(nited edition. Price $1.50 in cloth, or $1.25 in paper. For sale by the Au- 
thor, 442 Main St., Worcester, Mass.] 

Genealogy of One Jane of the Hopkins Family, descended from Thomas Hopkins in 
Providence, from Wil to \(}92. By a Dkscendant. [Mottoes.] For Private Dis- 
tribution. Providence : J. A. & R. A. Reid. 1881. [Sui. 4to. pp. 82.] 

Memorial of the Descendants of the Hon. John Alden. By Ebenezer Aldev, M.D* 

Randolph, Mass. : Printed by Samuel P. Brown tor the Family. 1867. 

With Supplement to 1860. [S\-o. pp. 184. Price $1.50 in paper, or $1.75 in 
cloth. To bo had of the Rev. E. K. Alden, D.D., 1 Somerset Streetj'^Boston, 

Some of the Descendants of Jonathan Fahcns of Marblehead. By George A. Per- 
kins, M.D Salem : Printed for the [Es.sexJ Institute. 1881. [8vo. pp. 26. 

To be purchased of the Institute.] 

Family Gathering on the French Homestead in Dunstable, Mass., October 8, 1879. 
[V^iew of Homestead.] Printed for Private Circulation. [&vo. pp. 24.] 

Preliminaries to a H'story of the Cowley Family, including the Cooley, Collcy. Coley, 
Galley, Cawley, Cayley, Culley, (Jurley. Cowles and Wtllesley Branches. Lowell, 
;Mass. : Franklin Printing; Company. 1«81. [12mo. pp. 35. Addre.'^s the Rev. 
Edward Cowley, 106"52i Street, New York, N. Y.] 

The Coffin Family, its Armorial Bearings and Origin of the Name. With .4/ber- 
type Illustrations from the Forbes Lilh. Manuf. Company. By Jony Coffin Jones 
Brown. Boston : Press of David Clapp & Son. 1881. [8vo. pp. 8.] 

Thomas Hale of N'^wbury, Mass. His English Origin and Connections. By the 
Hon. Robert S. Hale, LL.D. Elizabethtown, N. Y. [Boston : 1881. 8vo. pp. 8.] 

Go/den Wedding. Fiftieth Anniversary of the Marriage of Jrsse Sadoyer and 
Elizabeth Goodell, F-jhruary 11, 1869, B-lcidere, Illinois. With Notices of the 
Family since 1839. Utica, N. Y. : Roberts, Book and Job Printer, 60 Genessee 
Street. 1869. [8vo. pp. 12.] 

Pedigree of Elhry of the United States of America. Arranged by Harrison Ellery 
from his Memorials of the Ellory Family, in manuscript. Boston : 1881. [Broad- 
side, 27 in. by 41 in. Print 224 in. by 35 in. Price .$1.50 mounted on cloth, or 
$1 unmounted. Address the Author, No. 1 Central \Vharf, Boston, Mass.] 

The Dcnlson family, to which the first of these books is devoted, was prominent 
in civil and military affairs in the early days of New England. Daniel Denison, of 
Ipswich, was a mtigi'^trate and major general of t'ne Massachusetts colony, and his 
brother, Capt. George Denison, of Stonin'j;t)n, Ct., served under Cromwell, was 
wounded at Naseby, and performed higii military and civil service after his return 
to this country. The greater portion of the families in this volume are descended 
from Capt. George Denison, and do honor to their ancestry. The authors of this 
book have been engaged many years in collecting materials for it. They have suc- 
ceeded in making a very thorough and accurate w>)rk, embracing much biographi- 
cal and historical matter. The work is arranged on the plan used by Nathaniel 
Goodwin, of Hartford, Ct., and it is well inde.^ed. The index to the Denisons ia 
on a new plan, the christian names being alphabetically arranired under the several 
generations. Use will determine whether this is an iriipr(jvem»;nt. 

Philip Hunton, the earliest person t() whom can be traced the Huntoon family in 
this Country, settled in Exeter, N. H., as early as 1089. There are two different 
traditions as to the country in which this family originated, one that it is of French 
Huguenot extraction, and the other that it is of English origin. The first tradition 
is tfie most common, an'j we think it the mo-t probable ; though Mr. Huntoon finds 
the name Hunton in England, both as that of a [>ari«!h and a fimily, .is early a.s the 
thirteenth century, and gives gojd reasons for f)elieving that the Englisli n;ujie was 
of Sixon origin. But the pronunciation of the mime am-jng tfie descendants of 
Philip indicates, we think, that his family was French. The name is always pro- 

1882.] Booh JSTotices, 103 

nounced Hiintoon, and most of the family now spell it so. The pronunciation 
of the French final syllable ton by our New Eni^Umd people of the last century was 
toon, with the accent on that syllahle. iiiiuto;)n is so accented, and so was Bretoon, 
as pronounced by our irrandfathers, in Cape Breton. Mr. iiuntuon prchxts to his 
genealogy articles on the Huntoons ot Eni^land and V^irginia, and also on the ori:;in 
of the name. The work is well arranged, well indexed and handsomely printed. 
It is arranged on the plan now used in t1ie Register, the advantages of which plan 
are shown in vol. xxiv. pni:e 79. W^e recommend the book to those who intend to 
print genealogies as a model in every respect. 

Zaccheus L'andee, the ancestor (jf the principal family, whose record is preserved in 
the next buok, was horn about 1()40. and settled in New Haven as early as 1670. He 
died in 1720, and his gravestone and that of his wile Rel)ecca are stiil standing in 
West Haven, Ct. Mr. Baldwin has found no person of the name anywhere who is 
not descended from Zaccheus. About half of the Volume is devoted to the Candees, 
and the rest is given to tlie other families named on the title-page. Tiie book is care- 
fully prepared and arraniicd on a modihcation ol the Goodwin plan, whicli tiie Kev. 
John A. Vinton used, it is well printed, and is illustrated by a view of the house 
of Samuel Candee, s*m of Zaccheus, and lac-similes of the above-named gravestones. 

The fourth b;>ok before us contains the descendants of William Paine, who came 
to this country from England in lt)35. and settled at [pswich, Mass. Many subjectd 
of interest will attract the reader in variinis parts of the book ; such as the histo- 
■rical notes on Normandy and Scandinavia, ttie interesting facts relating to the name 
in the time of the Conquered', and in that of Henry VHL., the facts produced to 
C(jnnect the American family with that of Huuh de f'ayen, the new facts ia tlie ear- 
ly years of the Massachusetts cohmy atid concerning the settlement of \\'e>tern 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New York, and ttie new facts and theories about 
the witchcraft heiesy. Besides this, many incidents in the biography of persons of 
■the name in different centuries add a zest to the narrative. The author gives six 
generations of the descendants of Sir Thomas Payne, knight, of Market Buswortb, 
who was probably born in the early part of the titteenth contury. He supposes a 
William Paine of the sixth generation in this family to be tlie Iijswich settler. Ihe 
principal evidence seems to be the coat-ot-arms used by this family. We place lit- 
tle reliance as evidence upon arms used in New England. Tiiey may be usetul, 
however, as clues, particularly wiien traced to colonial days. William Paine of Ip- 
swich was a prominent man in his day, and the author iias been very euceess.'ul in 
■his researches into Ids history. The work seems to be carefully compiled, and the 
plan of its arrangement is simple. It is well indexed and handsomely printed. 

The Paine family of Worcester is descended from Steptien Paine, wiio emi:^rated 
•from Norfolk county, England, in 1638, and settled at ilingham, Mass., but finally 
removed to Rehoboth. It was prepared tor tiie "Paine family Record,'' from 
which a small edition has been reprinted for private circulation. It is quite full as 
to the history (jf the emigrant and the genealogy of tfie Worcester branch. Ic is 
handsomely printed, and is illustrated with photograph portraits and other iiius- 

The Paine Family Record, which has been noticed by us several times, appears 
regularly tilled with matter relatinir to the Paine I'amily. The last work first ap- 
peared in its pages, and the author of the work preceding it first gave, through the 
Record, s<jme of the results of Ids researches to the public. 

The Seagrave family is descended from John and Sarah Seagravc, who, according 
to tradition, sailed for New England in the early p:irt of the last century with their 
children. The father is sail to have died on the p^issaire. The mother is found at 
'Boston in 1732, where a daughter was baptized March 25. Mrs. Seagrave fiad three 
other children. E4lward the eldest son, and the only one known to have left issue, 
settled at Uxbriiige, Mass. Thence his descendants have sf^read out \nU) vari^jus 
parts of the country. The families are fully traced and clearly arranged. The 
appendix c<mtains documents and other matters iuteresting to persons inheriting the 
name or blood. Trie index is not so full as we sriouid like. 

The Hopkins family recorded in the book whose title we give, is descended from 
Thomas Hopkins, -aw early .>^ettler at Providence, R. I., and one of the signers of the 
compact, July 27, 1610. (J,>v. Stephen Hopkins of Rho'fe Island, a si^'tier of the 
Deelanuion of Inde{)endence, and Commodore £>ek Hopkins of the Revolutionary 
Navy, were of this family. The 1> )ok, wiiich is well printed, contains much bio- 
graphical as well as genealogical matter. Tire index i» gxjd, 

Tl»e Aiden Memorial is by Ebene/.er Aldeu, M.l)., whose memoir appeared in the 
Register lor October la^t (xxxv. 309-13). The Memorial was first published in 

104 Booh jVotices. [Jan. 

1867; but in October. 1869, a supplement of 20 pai^es was added which has not 
been noticed b}- us. It contains tiie result of later researches, and adds much to 
the value uf the work. 

The Fa bens ixenealoi^y was prepared for the eighteenth volume of the Historical 
Collections of the lv<sex Institute, and has been reprinted from us pages. Dr. Per- 
kins has done his work, in his usual satisfactory manner. 

The (jJathering of the French family at the old homestead in Dunstable in Oc''> 
ber, I97y, seeuis to have been a very interesting occasion from the account of it now 
before us. The literary exercises do credit to the family. 

The pamphlet on the Cowley family c >ntains hi>«torical and geneali\gical matter 
of interest to persons ui' the name. The author requests those bearing any oi' the 
several surnames on the title-page to send him genealogical data for tlie larger 
work which he has in preparation. 

The Cortin and Hale pamphlets are reprints from the Register, and their merits 
are known to its readers. 

Jesse Sawyer, born at Plymouth. Vt..May24, 1796, who«e golden wedding was 
celebrated in 1869, was a descendant of the sixth generation from Thomas^ Siwyer, 
who settled first at Rowley, Mass., but in 1617 removed to Lancaster, through I'ho- 
inas,^ born 1619, Elias,^ born 16,^7, Elisha,* burn 1720. and Tliomas,* his father, 
born at .Sterling September 7, 1757. Tiie pamphlet contains, besides the literary 
exercises at the re-union, accounts of the ancestry arid descendants of Mr. Sawyer. 
His eldest son is the Hon. Lorenzo Sawyer, of San Francisco, Cal., formerly chief 
justice of that state, and now Cnited States circuit judge for clie ninth circuit. 

The tabular pedigree of thu Ellery family is a work of much labor. It includca 
all the heads of families from the t(nuKler William Ellery. The Curapiler has been 
fortunate in finding many obituaries of the family ; five of members in the second 
generation being here printed. We are glad to see that in almost every case he 
has given the [parentage of those who have intermarried with the family. From 
a note attached to the pedigree, we learn that he hopes at some time to print a com- 
plete genealogy of the family, illustrated with all the old family portraits. The 
seal represented in this pedigree is taken from a power of attorney dated }darch 
27, 1708, which Mr, Ellery has given to this society. 

The Evelyns in America: Compiled from Family Papers and other Sources, 1608- 

180.5. Edited and Annotated by G. D. Sccll Printed for Private Circola- 

tion, by Parker and Co., Oxford. IS81. [8^o. pp. viii.-f 392.. Illustrated by 
portraits, views and maps.] 

We have just received from the author a copy of this valuable work. We reuret 
that it did not arrive in season for a suitable notice in this number, but it will be 
more fully noticed in the next. 

The volume contains a reprint of the Memoir and Letters of Capt. W. G. Evelyn, 
noticed in the Regtster, xsxiv. 216. to wliich are prefixed accounts of Capt. Geor^jre 
and Mr. Robert Evelyn, who were prominent in the early days of .Maryland and 
Virginia. The appendix, be-ides other matter, contains valuable documents pre- 
served in the Evelyn, Montre.sor and Harcourt families. 

We would notice as p-articulariy valua!)le some autobiographical papers of Col. 
John Montresor. wliose Journal of an expedition on snow shoes fri.>m Quebec; to the 
Atlantic coast, Mr. Scull has copied, from the original in the p (SseN^ion of the fam- 
ily, for this number of the Register (pp. 29-36). Col. Montresor. the eldest son of 
James Gabriel .Montresor, v.-as born in (.iihraltar April 6. 1736, and died in L tmlon 
June 26, 1799. He sailed for America with Gen. Braddock December 24, 17.)i. and 
served as engineer in the army here nearly twenty-four years, leaving America Oc- 
tober 19, 1778. Considering tiie important services he rendered, it is singular that 
80 little is known of bim in this countrv. 


Presented to the New England Historic, Gene.vlooical Societt, to Dec. 1, 

I. Publications icrilten or edited by Members of the Society. 

Memorial of Henry "Wokott, one of the Fir-t Settler.-, of Win^lsor, Connecticut, and of 
Some of his De-condant-. By Samiifl Woleott. Printed f-^r private di>tritMition. New 
York : Aubou D. F. Randolph and Company. ]«31. [Kuyal -Ito. pp. xviii.-r4-3J j 

1882.] Hecent PuhUcatio7is. 105 

Address at the unveilinir of the Statue of Colonel Williim Prescott of Bunker Hill. June 
17. ISSl. Bv Rohert C. Winthrop. Cambridge; John WHsoa 6c Son, University Press. 
18SI. [Svo.'pp. 33] 

Montlilv Reference Lists, issued by the Providence Public Library. Providence, R. I. 
July, Au-ust. iSbl. Nus. 7, 8. 

Memoir of Samuel Stetiman Haldeman. LL.D., Professor of Comparative Philolo,:;y in 
the University of Pennsylvania. By Ctuuies Henry HLait. . . . Reprinted from the 
Penn Monthly for Aug. 18SL With an Appendix. Philadelphia, ISSL [&vo. pp. 26.] 

Memorial of Ehenezer Alden, M.D. Commemorative sketch by Rev. Increase N. Tar- 
box, D.D. Funeral address. [Svo. pp. 24:.] 

Report of the Council of the American Antiquarian Society made April 27th, 1S31, with 
remarks upon Revolutionary Orderly Books in pos>ession of the Society. By Nathaniel 
Paine. Worcester : Privately printed. ISS). [8vo. pp. 47.] 

The Bristol County Directory, containing a classifled list of the professions, trades, mer- 
cantile and manutaoturiu!^ pursuits. , . . Compiled and published bv Dean Dudley & 
Co. 188L [Svo. pp. 192.] 

Documents relating to the Colonial Historv of the State of New Jersev. Edited bv Wil- 
liam A Whitehead. . . . Vol. L 1687-1703. Newark, N. J. : Daily Advertiser' Prim- 
ing House. ISSL [Svo. pp. 550.] 

The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut from May, 1762, to October, 1767, in- 
clusive. Transcribed and edited in accordance with a resolution of the General Asserni)ly. 
[Seal ] By Charles J. Hoadly, State Librarian. Hartford : Press of the Case, Lockwood 
and BrainardCo. 1831. [Svo. pp. 693. J 

Vol. XL No. 3. Bulletin of the National Association of Wool Manufacturers, founded 
Nov. 30, 1884. 1881. [Se;d.] Edited by John L. Haves, LL.D. Boston : Office No. 95 
Milk Street. 1831. [Svo. pp. 2834-23.] 

Obor Amraergau in 1875 and 1830. By William Stevens Perry, bishop of Iowa, Private- 
ly prmted. [1831. Svo. pp. 19.] 

An account of the Manuscripts of Gen. Dearborn as Massachusetts Commissioner in 1838 
and 183 J, for the sale of the Seneca Indian Lands in the state of New York. Read before 
the Albany Institute October i2th, 188 J. By Henry A. Homes, LL.D., Librarian of ti.e 
State Library. Albany : Weed, Parsons and Company, Printers. 1331. [Svo. pp. 11. J 

Antiquarian and Genealogical Papers: The Hassam Family. Descendants ot Wililam 
Hilton. Ezekiel Cheever and some of his Desceii'lants. Boston Tavern'*, with some sug- 
gestions on the proper mode of Indexing the Public Records. Notes and Queries conceru- 
iug the Hassamand Hilton Families. [3vo.] 

Pioneer History of Milwaukee from 1840 to 1846, inclusive. Vol. 2. By James S. Buck. 
[Seal.] Milwaukee : Symes, Twain & Co.. Book and Job Printers. 1831." [Svo. pp. 383-] 
Oration delivered before the City Council and citizens of Boston in the Boston Theatre 
on the one hundred and fifth anniversary of the Declaration oi American Independ- 
ence, July 4, IbSl. Bv George WashiniTtop Warren. [Seal] Bo-ton: Printed bv order ' 
of the City Council, MDCCCLXXXI. Independence of the U. S. CVI. [Svo. pp. 62.] 

Early Chicago. Fort Deartjorn. An Address delivered at the unveiling of the memo- 
rial tal>let to mark the site of the Blockhouse, on Saturday afternoon. May 21, 1881, under 
the auspices of the Caieago Historical Soeiety, to which have been added notes and an ap- 
pendix bv Hon. Jidiu Wentworth, LL.D. . . . [Seal] Chica^^o Printing Company. 
1831. [Svo. pp. 98 ] 

A Poetical Epistle to George Washington, Esq., commander in chief of the armies of the 
United States of America, by Charles Henry Wharton, D.D., from the original manuscript 
belonging to David Pul.-ifer, A.M. . . . with an appendix. Boston : Printed for David 
Pulsiter. For sale by A. Williams & Co., 2S:j Washington Street. 1881. [Svo. pp. 1li6.] 

A Glimpse into the Past. By Henry Phillips, Jr., A.M., Ph.D. Philadelphia : Reprinted 
from the Penn Monthly for August, 1831 [Svo. pp. 12.] 

Supplement to the Revised Statutes of the United States. ...... Vol. I. Leg- 
islation of I87-1:-188L The 43d, 44th, 45th and 46th Congre>-ses. Prepared and edited by 
William A. Kichard.-on, one of the Jiid:i;es of th'; Couit of Claims. Washington: Govern- 
ment Printing Othcc. 1831. [Large Svo. pp. 515.] 

A Contribution to the study of Fractures and Dislocations. Read before the N. H. Medi- 
cal Societv, June 24, ISSL By John Randolph Ham, M.D. , of Dover. Concord: Evans 
& Sleeper, Printers, Capitol Street. ISSL [Svo. pp. 9 ] 

In Memoriam. William E. Dul>ois, Assaver of the United States Mint and Curator of 
the Cabinet. Philadelphia: Privately Printed. ISSL [Sq. Svo. pp. 8.] 

Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration. Compiled from material in pos=:e?sion of the 

Massachusetts Bureau of Statistics of'l/ibor. . . . Bv Cirroll D. Wriirhr, Chief. Boston : 

Rand, Avery & Co., Printers to the Commonwealth, 117 Franklin St. 1831. [Svo. pp. 173] 

Address at the Eighteenth Session of the Pomological Society held in Boaton, Majs , 

VOL. IXXVI. 10* 

lOG Recent Publications, [Jan. 

Sept. U, lo, 16, 1831. By Marshall P. Wilder, President of the Society. Published by 
the Society. 18SI. [8vo. pp. 32.] 

The Assassinated Presidents, Lincoln and Garfi'-ld. A memorial address at Centre 
Church, Ci-a\vford>vil[e, Indian 1, the day of Presiilent Lincoln's luneral, April 19, 18io. 
Also a memorial add:ess at the Court Hou^e, Cr iwfjrdsville, Indiana, the ilav of President 
Garheld's fnneral, Sept.. 2o, ISSl. By Jo^.'ph F. Tutrlc, Presi lent of Wahadi Colle-e, 
Crawfjrdsvdie, Ind. : Review Steam Bjok and Jo:) Printers. 1861. iSvo. pp. I.s.] 

A Discourse on the death of James AlM-ani Garfield, President of the United Srates, de- 
liverc'l in Pawtuckot Church. Lowell, and aUo m the Centre Ciiurch, Dracut, Mass., Sept, 
25, 1881. Bv the llev. Elias Nason, A.M.. pastor of those churches. Boston, Mass.: 
Moses H. Sai-ent cSc Sons. 1881. [8vo. pp. 16 ] 

Psalm xxxvii. 23 The steps of a .i^ood man are ordered by the Lord. A Sermon by 
the Rev. C. D. Bradiee, . . . Sunday, Scot. 2), 1881, the fir=t Sunday after the de.uh of 
Hon. James A. Garfield, LL.D., Pre^5ident of the United States. Boston: Press of Nathaa 
Sawyer & Son, 70 State Street. 1871. [Svo. pp. 21.] 

In Mcnioriam. James Ahrain Garfield, Pre-ident of the United States of America, shot 
July 2, 1881. Died Sept. 19, l.s8l. A Sermon preaclied Sept. 25, 18S1, by Murrimer Blake, 
pastor of the Wiuslow Charch, Taunton, Mass., and printed by request." [8vo. pp. 8.] 

II. Other Pnl'lications. 

Onr Dead Pre-i'Ient : a Sermon preaciicd in the Westminster Concrregational Church, 
Providence, R. I., Sundav, Sept. 2-5, 1881, by Augustus Woodijury. Providence: Si ;ney 
S. Rider. 1881. [8vo. pp. 19.] 

Hope in Sorrow : a Sermon preached in the Beneficent Congregational Chnrch, Snnday 
m rning, Sept. 2-5, 1881, by James G. Vose, D.D. Providence : Sidney S. Rider. 1881. 
[8vo. pp. 17.] 

In Memoiiara. Hon. James A. Garfield, the twentieth president of the United State.s. 
A discourse ^>v the Rev. Thom is H. Robinson, D.D., Sept. 25, 188 L. Published by request. 
Harri--bur^:;, Pa.: Telegraph Prmting and Binding E-tab!i?hment. 1S81. [8vo. pp. 16.] 

The Presidtmt's Death : a Discourse delivered in the West Church on Sunday, the 25th 
of Septemi)er. By C. A. Bartol, Boston : A. Williams & Co. 1881. [8vo. pp. 18.] 

The D >ath of President Garfi.'ld, its disappointments, compensations and lessons. A 
sermon preaciied Sabbath mornmir, September 2.5, lb:?!, by Gcorire S. Chambers, pa>r(>r of 
the Pine Street Presiiyterian Cirurch. Marri;l>nrg. Pa. Putdi^lied by request. Harris- 
burg : Lane S. Hart, Priiiter. 1881. [Svo. pp. 2!'.] 

A Sermon commemorative of the Life and Pul>lic Services of Jaraos Abram Garfield, 
President of the United States, preached in ttie Cnnirregationai Churcii At Litchfijld, Co:m., 
September 2-5, 1881. By Rev. Allan Mc Lean. Printed liy request. Hartford, Conn. : The 
Case, Lockwoo.l & Br.unard Co. Pii:it. 1881. [8vo. pp. 12.] 

A Sermon suggested by the Death of President Garfield, and delivered in the ordinary 
course of religious service in the first Parish Mveting-House, Ipswich, Mass., September 
2.5, 1881. By" Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, P..stor. Boston; Lyman Rhod.s & Co., Printers, 
75 Essex Street. 1881, [8vo. pp. 16 ] 

Vol. I. New Seri^^s. Part 2, Proceedings of the Americnn Antiquarian Society at the 
semi-annual met-ting hold in Boston, April 27, 1881. [Seal.] Worcester: Press of Charles 
Hamilton, 311 Main Street. I8:il. [8vo. pp. I19-3J2.] 

One hundred and tifty-first Anmaal Report of the directors of the Redwood Library and 
Athenenm, Newport, R. I., to the proi)rietors, su'omitred ^Vednesdav, Sept. 2o, 1881. New- 
port: Davis & Fitm.m, Book and Job Printers. 1881. [Svo. pp. 22.] 

Alexander Hamilton Vinron. A memorial sermon preacheii at Emmannel Chnrch, 
Boston, Sunday ev-Miinir, M.iy 15, 1S31 , and at the Church of the Holy Trinity, Phil.ideiphiu, 
Sand ly morning, M.iy 2^, l'^81. By IMiiliips Brooks, Rector of Trinity Church, Boston. 
Bostori : A. Williams &c Company, Old Corner Boo'<?tore. 1831. [8vo. pp. 46.] 

Religious History of South Hampton, N. H., with an appendix. Exeter, N. H. : The 
News Letter Steani Job Print. 1881. [8vo. i)p. 84.] 

History of the Town of Sniithficld, from its organization in 1730-1 to its division in 1871. 
Compiled in accordance with the votes of the to»vns of Smithfieid, North Smithficl'i, Lin- 
coln and Woonsocker, II. I. By Thomas Steere. Providence, II. I. : E. L. Freeman & 
Co., Printers to the Stite. 1881." [8vo. pp. 23 J.] 

Proceediriirs of the Wyoming Hi-torical and Geological Society at the annual meeting 
held February 11th. A.b. 1^81, at Wdkcs-Barre, Pa. ^Publication number Two. Wilkes- 
B.u-rre, Pa. Robeit Baur, Book and Job Printer, Stationer and Binder. 1881. [8vo. i)p. 58.] 

An Address at the reopenin'j: of Pardee H dl^ Lafayette College, Nov. .30, 18^0. Bv Fran- 
cis A. March, LL.D., ProtVss(jr of tiie Er.gli-h Langnai:e and of Comparative PhiloloLry ia 
Lafayette College. With an appemlix containing a report tjf other addrt=-es and the gene- 
ral proceeding.-, of the day. Easton, Pa. l'«8l. [8vo. pp. 42.] 

The Study of Anatomy Historicallv and Leirally Considered. . . . By Edward Mus- 
BCy Hartwel'l, M..\., Fellow of the Johns Ilopkin.s" Umv.-r-ity, Bakiinore. Repiiiited from 
the Journal of Social Science. Boston: Tolmau and White, Printers, 383 Washington St. 
1881. [Svo. pp. 37.] 

1882.] Becent Publications. 107 

The two hundred and fortv-third Annual Record of the Ancient and Honorable Artil- 
lery Co., Ma>sachuscrt<. [Seal.] lSSU-81. Sermon hv Rev. Robert Coilyer, ot" New 
York. Boston : Alfred Mudge and Son, Printers, 31 School St. 1831. 8vo. pp. lo3. 

Memorial of the dedication of the Public Latin and Eni:;lish Hi^rli School House, with a 
description of tlie buildini?. [Seal] Boston : Rockwell and Churchill, City Printers, 
No. 3y Arch Street. 1881. ^ [8vo. pp. 108.] 

Proceedin:rs of the Grand Lodge of .M tine at its sixtv-«econd Annual Communication 
held at Portland Mav 3, 4 and .5,1881. Vol. X. Part'lIL [Seal.] Portland : Stephen 
Berry, Printer. 1881. [8vo. pp. 909.] 

Exercises at the Celebration of the seventv-fifth anniversarv of Amica!)le Lod^e, 
F. V. A. M., June 10, 1880. Cambridge, Mass. : Press of W. F. Brown and Company, 218 
Franklin Street, Boston. 

Proceedings of the Bunker Hill Monument Association at the annual meeting .June 17, 
1881, with the address of the Hon. Robert C. W'inrhrop at the inaugurariou of the Statue 
of Colonel Willi.un Prescott, and a notice of Oscar De Lafayette. Boston : Bunker Hill 
Monument Association. 1881. [8vo. pp. 74.] 

The Co-Operator, a Monthiv Journal devoted to the propagation of Co-operative Princi- 
ples. Vol. I. Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 0, 6, 7. New York, 1881. 

Public Document No. L Tliirty-ninrh Report to the Legislature of Missachusetts re- 
lating to the Registry and Return 'of Births, Marria,'es and Dt^ths in the Commonwealth 
for the year ending i)ecenilier 31, 1889. Boston : Rand, Avery & Co., Printers to tiie Com- 
monwealth, 117 Franklin St. 1881. [Svo, pp. 121-fclxxii.] 

Second Annual Report of the State Board of Health, Lunacy and Charity of Massachu- 
petts, 1880. Supiilcment containing the Report and papers on Public Healtli. Bo-*ton : 
pLand, Avery & Co., Printers to the Commonwealth, 117 Franklin Street. 1881. [8vo. pp. 

Memoir of Benjimin Peirce. By Robert S. Rantoul. From Historical Collections of Es- 
sex Institute. Vol. xviii. Salem: Printed for the Institute. 1881. [Svo. pp. IG] 

Di.-semination of Seed'. An Essay read at a meeting of the Essex Institute. Thursday, 
Julv 7. 1881. By Mary N- Plumer. ' (From Bulletin of Essex Institute, Vol. xiii.) Salem: 
Printed for the Institute. ISSl. [8vo. pp. 29 ] 

The Sinkin:r Fund. By George Morgan Browne. Second edition. Boston: Roberts 
Brothers. 1880. [8vo. pp. 19.] 

Minutes of the seventy-second annual meeting of the General Association of the Con- 
gregational and Presbvterian Churches of New Hampshire, held at Manchester, September 
13, 14 and 1-5, 1881. Eiirhtieth Annual Report of the New Hamp-hire Home Mis;ionary 
Society. Concord, N. H.: Printed by the Republican Press Association. 1831. [8vo. 
pp. To.-] 

Journal of the fifteentli annual session of the National Encampment Grand Army of the 
Republic, held ar Indianapolis, Indian t, June l.5rh and iOth, 1 ;8l. Philadelphia:' Merri- 
herd :k Lippert, Printers, 5Jl Ciie^tnut St. 1831. [8vo. p[). 733-8-58.] 

Volume I. Number I. The Utah Review. Rev. Theoi^hilus B. Hilton, A.M., Editor. 
July, 1881. Salt Lake: H. Palmerston, Publislier. S2 per annum. [8vo. pp. 31.] 

Official Register of the Officers and Cadets of the U. S. Military Academr, West Point, 
N. Y., June,^18Sl. [r2mo. pp. 39.] 

First Supplement to the Catalogue of th*^ Ptih'ic Librarv of the City of Ta-inton, Mass., 
together witii a clas^iried index. "Esta!)!i>lied 18 ;6. [Seal.] Taunton, Mass.: Issued by 
the Library. Press of C. A. Hack & Son. 9 Union Block. 1881. [8vo. pp. 69.] 

Annual Report of the Governor and Treasurer of the Northwestern Branch of the Na- 
tional Home for disabled volunteer Soliiicrs, for the fiscal year ending June 30. 1881. 
[Seal.] National Home Jol) Printing Office, Milwaukee County, Wis. [Svo. pp. 20.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Chanter of Maine at its fifty-si vth A^nnual Convocation, held at 
Portland, Mav 3, l«8l. Vol. VI. Part III. [Seal.] Portland: Stephen Berry, Printer. 
1881. [8vo. pp. 412.] 

Circulars of Information of the Bure in of Education. No. 3. 1881. Proceedings of 
the Department of Superintendence of the National Educational Associat'on at its meeting 
at New York, Fob. 8-lU, 1881. Washington: Government Printing Oifice. 1881. [8vo. 

Essex Institute Historical Collections. April, May, June, July, August. September, 1881. 
Volume xviii. Salem, : Printed for the Es.-ex Institute. 1881. [8vo. pp. 81-240.] 

Historical Sketcli <jf the Fir>t Pre-bvtcrian Church, Fort Wayne, Indiana, with early 
rcniini.-ccnce- nf the place, by J. L. Willatns. Read before the"con'_'rc-ation October 15, 
1881. Tiie M-mi-centeuuial of its organization. Dailv News Printing Hou-e, Fort Wavne. 
[8vo. pp. 28.] 

Centennial Anniversary of the incorporation of the Town of Goshen, Mass., June 22, 

108 Hecent Pahlications, [Jan. 

1881, including addrcs«e«:, poems, letters and other m:itters relating to the occasion. Pub- 
lished by request. Reading Chronicle Job Print. ISSl. [Svo. pp. 63. j 

Sketch of Edward Coles, second Governor of Illinois, and of the slavery strugirles of 
1823-4. Prepared for the Chicago Historical Societv. By E. B. Washburue. Chicago: 
Jansen, McClurg and Company. 1882. [Svo. pp. 253.] 

Riogniphical Sketch of Lyman C. Draper, LL.D., secretary of the State Historical Soci- 
ety of V\'iscoTi>in, l)y Prof. Riismus B. Anderson, of the Wisconsin University. From the 
•' Illustrated Historv of Dane County, Wis." Cincinnati: Peter G.Thomson, Printer. 1881. 
[Svo. pp. 31.] 

Catalogue of the Lil)rary of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Vol. V. (Third 
Supplement.) Piepared bv Daniel S. Durrie, Liluarian, and Isaliel Durrie, Assistant. 
Madison, Wis. : David Atwood, State Printer. 18SI. [Svo. pp. 58-5 ] 

Collections of the Maine Historical Society. Vol. VIII. Portland : Hoyt, Foirg and 
Donhani. 1881. [8vo. pp. 511.] 

In Memoriam. Edwin R. Purple, born 1831, died 1879, New York: Privately printed. 
1881. [Fol. pp. 12.] 

Contributions to tlie History of Ancient Families of New Amsterdam and New York. 
By Edwin II. Purple, with a biographical sketch of the author, and additions and emenda- 
tions to the work. By Samuel S. Purple, M.D. New York: Privately printed. 1881. 
[Fol. pp. 13S.] 

Collections of the New York Historical Society for the year 1877. Publication Fund Se- 
ries. New York : Printed for the Society. 1878". [Svo. pp. 531.] 

Abstract of the Proceedings of the twenty-fifrh annual meeting of the Haverford .\lumni 
Association, held in Alumni Hall, sixtli nionth 29rh, 1S81. Oration bv Henry Wood, 
Ph.D. Philadelphia: Grant, Faires & Rodgers, Printers. 1881. [Svo. pp. 34.] 

No. XIV. Worcester Town Records from 1753 to 1765. Edited by Franklin P. 
[Seal.] Worcester, Mass.: The Sucietv of Antiquity. 1881. U. S A. C. V. [Svo. pp. 

Constitution, By-Laws and List of Members of the Society of California Pioneers since 
its organization, as revised May, 1881. Organizcl August, 1850. San Francisco: Pub- 
lished Ijy order of the Board of Directors. 1881. [12mo. pp. 91.] 

Twelfth Annual Reunion of the Association of thu Graduates of the U. S. Military Acrid- 
emv at Wc-t Point, New York, June 6, 1881. East Saginaw, Mich.: E. W. Lyon, Pub- 
lisher. 1881. [Svo. pp. 169+8.] 

Transactions of the Licerarv and Historical Societv of Quebec, se^sioas of 18^0-81. [Seal.] 
Quebec: Printed at the " Morning Chronicle" Office. 18S1. [Svo. pp. 144.] 

Farragut. Mr. Choate's address made at the requesc of the Farragur Monument As^o^^ia- 
tion on tne occasion of tlie unveiling ot the St Ganden's Statue, May 25, 1851. New York : 
Evening Post Steam Presses, 208 Broadway, cor. Fulton St. ISSL. [Svo. pp. 19.] 

Obituary Record of the Graduates of Dirtmouth C«jllege and the associated institutions, 
for the year ending at Commencement, 1831. Hanover, N. H. : 1881. [Svo. pp. 24:.] 

Dolor Davis. A sketch of his life, Avith a record of his cnrlier descendants, by Horace 
Davis. Printed for private distribution. 1881. [Svo. pp. 46 1 

Proceedings of the New England Methoilist Historical Society at the first annual meet- 
ing, January 17, 1881. [Seal.] Boston Society Rooms, 36 Bromfield St. 1881. [Svo. 
pp. 24.] 

The life and services to Literature of Jones Vcrv. A memorial meeting Tuesd;iy, Dec. 
14, ISS'J. [From the bulletin of the Es^ex Institute, vol. xiii. ISSl.] Salem: Printed for 
the Essex Institute. 1881. [Svo. pp 35.] 

Fifty-third .\nnual Catalocrue of the teachers and pupils of Chauncv-Hall School. No. 259 
BoyL-tou Street (near DartnVouth), Boston, IhSO-lbSl. Containing also sketches of part of 
the school work and of the gcnend management. Boston: Davici Clapp & Son, Printers, 
664 Washington St. 1881. [12mo. pp. 125.] 

Discourse commemorative of John M. Pinkerton, for twenty-one years a deacon in Mt. 
Vernon Church, Mo^tijn, i\w\ pre>ident of the Brxird of Tru.stees of Pinkerton Academy, 
Derry, N. 11., delivered in M<junt Vernon Church Sunday morning, Feb. 20, 1881. By 
Rev. S. E. Heriick, D.D., pastor of the church. Boston: Printed tjr the trustees of ttio 
Pinkerton Academy. 1881. [Svo. pp. 28.] 

Annaies du Bilyliopldle, Nuniere 1, Juillo*. 18S1. .Beige: Nouvelle Serie, Tome Premier. 
[Seal.] Bruxelies: Chez Fr. J. Oliverier, Libraire 11 Rue des Paroissieus, 1S81. [Svo, 
pp. 16, 16.] 

Proceedings of the Mo^t Wor^hiofid Grand Lod-je of Ancient, Free and Accepted Ma'-on.s 
of the Couuuon wealth of Ma.v-achu-L-tts. . . . Spucuil C(jminuiucation, May 10, issl. {Quar- 
terly C<inirnunic..tio!i June 8, 1881. . . . Bostun : Press of Rockwell & Churchill, 39 Arch 
Street. 1881. [Svo. j.p. 79.] 

United States Geological Exploration of the fortieth parallel. Claroaco King, Geologist 
in Charge. 

1882.] . Deaths. 109 


James Abram Garfield. 
On the lOth of S3ptcinbcr, near miJniicht. JaiiK^s A. Garfield, twentieth Presi- 
dent of the United States, died at the Franklyn Cottage, Lonir Branch, from the 
effects of a pist.d shot fired at him by an assassin at the railroad station in Wash- 
ington, on the ^d of July, as the President was entering to take the train. The sud- 
denness of che sliock, together with tlie rank and high character of the victim, caused 
a sympathy to be felt for him fn)m all parts of the civiiized world ; an i thousands 
of all nations, animated by a high admiration and regard for the distinguished 
qualities of the sufferer, hoped inost earnestly to the last that he would recover, 
especially as it had been demonstrated early in the case ihat no vital organ had 
been injured. Bat it was not to be. Medical skill was baffled. The prayers of a 
nation availed notliing. The ways of Providence are inscrutable, and one of the 
best Presidents who ever filled the office drew his last breath after eighty days of 
patient sufii^ring. He 

" Had borne his faculties so meek, had been 
So clear in his great ofSce that his virtues 
Shall plead like angels trumj)et-ton<:ued, against 
The deep damnation of his taking-oif." 
The long suspense was over on that September night. The hopes and fears and 
doubts of an anxious world were ended, and rJie end was death. The nation, 
putting on its mourning g.irb, paid its last sad and sorrowful tribute to one whose 
fame no calumny can tarnish, whose memory no error can obscure. Tins iiu;e it 
was not alone the otiicer respected, but the man beloved, who was mourned ; many 
regard the death of this excellent man as if it were a personal loss ; and this grief 
is felt alike in all parts of the country. 

President Garfield was the ninth in descent from Edward Gar6eld (or Gearfield as 
the name was commonly spelled in hisday), who settled at Watertown, Mass. He waa 
perhaps one of \Vint!iroj)*s company who came over in 1630. His s .ri, E Iward Gar- 
lield, Jr., was a seU'Ctmim ot Watertown in I63S, 1653 and 1662. The line pi'ocseds 
frum him through Benjamin, Thomas, Thomas, S domon, Thomas, Abraham and 
James Abram. All of this line remained in Watertown and the neighboring towns 
until Solom<;n Garfiebl, tlie President's great-grandfather, removed to Cherry Val- 
ley, Otsego County. New Y^Tk, with his son Tiiomasand the rest of his family, soon 
after 1785, where he died from the effects of a fall in 1^07, aged 64. He had been 
a soldier of the Revolution, and his brother Abraham had fought at Concord 
April 19, 1775, side by cide with John Huar, ance;-tor of the Senator, It is a 
singular coincidence that Senator Hoar, who presided over the convention which 
nominated him, and Secretary Sherman whom he so earnestly supported in that con- 
vention, and whose ancestors •^\<o came from Watertown, were both distant rela- 
tives of the late President. Thomas Garfield, eldest son of Solomon, was born at 
Westminster, Mass., March 19, 1773. He trrew up at his hxther'a new home at 
Cherry Valley, married there, and his s )n Abraham, father of the President, was 
born there in 1799. Abraham Garfield married Eliza Ballou, February 3, I8'il, 
and settled at Orange, Cuyahoga Cninty, Orrio, where their son James Abram 
was bjin Xuvemher 19, 1831. The father died in IS33 in humble circumstances, 
and the son. obliged to help his widowed mother, by the most indDmitable persever- 
ance and industry worked on a canal and at farm labor, and finally earned his way 
to Williams College, wliere he was graduated in 1856. He was af)p^>inted a teacher 
and subsequently President of Hiram Eclectic Institute, Ohio. He married Lucre- 
tia Kudulph. November 11, l."^58. ami had six children. He was chosen state Sena- 
tor in 1859, but 8>on after t!ie war breaking out he commanded the 42d Ohio Vol- 
unteers in eastern Iveatucky. By his \ietory over Marshall he won the rank of 
Brigadier General, and tliat of Major General" for his gallantry at Chickamauga in 
1863. Soon after this he was called home to take a place in the lower house of Con- 
gress, where he remained for ei^rhteen years. He was elected Senator in IbbO, but 
before taking his seat was elected President, and was inaugurated at Washington 
March 4, 18^1. 

The name of President Garfield stands high on the roll of public men. He 
represented in the Great West those noblest (]ualitie^ of New En^rland character 
derived fnjm his ancestry — iutl.-xible honesty even at the sacrifice of personal gain, 
and purity (.)f life bijth public and private. Such lives as his the country cannot 
a{r»rd to lose, tor they are the j)illars, the supports, the examples and the guides 
that make us the natim^ that we arc — the great example of self-ti:overnment to the 
world, and the model for future ages. In estimating the life and character of the 

'110* Deaths, [Jan. 

late President, two sinr!;ular fact's are presented. The first is that in all the various 
departments of puhlic life he watj called upon to fill, his record waa incmplete. 
Just as he was winnini; hiijh honors as teacher, college-president and schitjar. the 
rebellion hroke out and his dut}- led him to the army. Here he was un-adually 
securinii; for himself a splendid military fame, wb.en his state called him home and 
sent ta Conirress. Here again hewasal)out to finish his admirable legislative 
record by a service in the Senate, when the people chose him President. And ia 
this last great office he was just giving evidence of a brilliant administration when 
he was foully murdered. Fate seemed dL'termined never to let him finish what he 
had commenced. Yet, t'lougli his career was Iragmjntary and broken, how glori- 
ous it all was. From beginning to end, in every phase of life. lv)!ry or lowly, he 
was in every sense a hero. Heroic in his desperate struggle with poverty as he 
kindled fires and swept rooms, worked on the canal or as a carpenter, to earn his 
way to colleire. Heroic as a soldier, when as an untrained general with 1500 men 
he defeated Humphrey Marshall, a veteran of the Mexican war with twice as many ; 
and again at Chickamauga, where he left the defeated Rosccrans under shelter to 
join the victorious Thomas on the field. Heroic as a statesman, when with voice 
and vote in Congress and at home he perilled his hopes of future ativancement by an 
unyielding opposition to the Greenback heresy, doing more than any one man to 
save Ohio and the \rest for honest money, flow it thrilled his hear<?rs wiien in his 
speech at Faneuil Hill on this question m 1879, in reply to the remark, '" But we 
can't afford it," General Garfield flashed out with lightning eloquence the words, 
*' Yes, my friend, you can — but it costs sometrixg to be honest!" Golden words 
that ought to be inscribed wherever a legislature meets to teaeh men their duty. 
Yes, it does cost something. It costs tlie noblest and the firmest efforts to resist 
temptation, yet how many of us, publicly or privately, refuse to pay that debt, 
and so fall by the wayside. Again heroic as a President, wiicn he dared to stand 
forth against some of the njosc powerful influences of his party for civil service re- 
form. And finally heroic in his b ave struggle with the august and solemn reaper, 
the " unrelenting Death." Surely the life iy'i this many-sided hero is for this na- 
tion a moral and a poem, a lesson and a hope ! 

The second fact presented in Garfield"s life is his remarkably well-balanced 
character. \Ye are led to believe from his record that he was as fine a sclidar 
as statesman, as brave and skiitul a soldier as he was honest and fearless in politics, 
as kind and virtuous as a son, husband and father as he was loyal and fiithful as a 
patriot. And as he was in the relations of these different walks of life so well 
poised, so was he in each separately. As a scholar accomplished without pedantry, 
as a soldier gallant and skilful without rashness, as a public man ambitious with- 
out conceit, as a statesman wise, prudent and honest without bigotry, as a patriot 
true and loyal without vindictiveness, and as a christian humble and piou-< witiiout 
intolerance. As a domestic man he was kind, tender and loving. In social life he 
was genial, agreeable and attractive, winning friends and keeping them, yet 
without yielding to the temptations that usually beset public men. Senator Dawes, 
who knew him so intimately in the lower house of Congress, says of him ; " He 
was conscious of great powers carefully trained, but he lacked confidence to take 
hold of new tilings. His mind did not work quickly though it did surely. Always 
feeling the ground under every step he took, he never ventured his foot where he 
could not, by some process of reasoning however slow, satisfy himself that he knew 
what was under it. His first reruark to a long-tried friend on takinghis hand after 
the Chicago Convention was — 'I fear I am no man for this place. I have felt that 
I could reasonably count on six years more of labor and study and growtti in the 
new and larger Oj;portunity already secured to me in my accustomed field ; but this 
is an untried sphere to me, and Idread the experiment.' " And yet, with all this 
modesty and self-distrust, how brilliant was his too short administration! The 
funding of the public debt, the exposure of the Star Route plunderers, and tfie fear- 
less stand he took in defence of the rights of the executive branch of the government. 
Will always make his presidency memorable. Tiie Xew York World, a'DeuD'-ratic 
paper, frankly calls him •' the ablest President sme3 Jotm Quincy Adams." It may 
be added that he excelled even Adams in one respect — he was more kindly and ap- 
proachable ti) the people, lie has been more aptly and frequently compared with 
\\ ashington and Lincoln. Yet Washington was of hii:h birth, while Garfield sprang 
from humblene.-s and ptn'erty. The eloscbt ccMiiparisOn is with Lincoln, and here a 
number of singular coineidences present themselves. Both came from humble life, 
botii were named .\braham, hot i were emintntly self-made men, both were in Con- 
gress, both were Presidents, both were true yet mai;naaimous f)atri(.ts, both per- 
illed their lives in the bervice of their country, and both were causelessly :iud cruelly 

1882.] Deaths. - 111 

a.^sHPsinated. But Garfield was superior to the Great Emancipator in intellectual 
ability and refinement ; and his death is the m^rc cruel hecause Lincoln fell in time 
of war and as a supposed enemy to the South, while there was no cause whatever 
for the infamous killiniz; of Garfield ; and f)r this, and lur his c^reat abilities and 
virtues, he has been mourned throu:;hout the world to a ixrenter esrent than any 
ruler who ever lived. The ixraceful acts of t'je good Queen Victoria in sendini]^ a 
wreath of flowers which went with the dead henj to his grave — a widow's tribute 
to a widow — in orderini; tlie English Court into mourninii;,and in requestiniza copy 
of his photograph, tell the story of his fame and loss in Eui^land better than 

On the 2fith of September. 1881, the pilent, deserted streets of Boston, festooned 
for miles with funeral emblems, so desi^late in their mournlulness, spoke their 
sad requiem for the good man gone. The solemn faces of many seemed to speak 
of a personal loss, and indeed the people felt it keenly. The Rev. Dorus Clarke in 
his resolutions in reference to the event pvessntcd to this society, justly says that 
" President Garfield touched the popular heart at more points than any man in our 

And 80 this beloved President is borne to his long home basely murdered. 
" Murder most foul as in the best it is. 

But this most foul, strange and unnatural." 

As we gaze upim his pictured likeness, with its pleasant, nenial yet firm and in- 
tellectual expression, the quick instinct within our hearts tells us he w;is a man to 
honor and to love. The kindly, ijentle, patient sufferer is at last at rest. 

Yet nestled in the warmest corner of our heart of heart'^, he lives and there will 
live while honor and reiiard for a worthy life too early ended hold their accustomed 
sway over our better nature. Death cannot reach him there. 
" His life was gentle, and the elements 

So mixed in him that nature might stand up 
And say to all the world — This was a man." 

He was buried at Cleveland, Ohio. Sept. 26, 1881. 
[By O. B. Slebbins, Esq., of South Boston, Mass.] 

Cogswell, Francis, at the house of his the " Heart and Crown," whom he 
son, George Wallinirford Cogswell, at believed to have compiled and pub- 
Gojdwin, Dakota Territory, October lished the first edition of that famous 
2-2, 18S1, in his 92d year, lie was book. We put little faith in this story, 
born at Dover, N. H., 10 April, 17!)0, however. Mr. Eliot was one of the 
and was son of Col. Amos and Lydia heirs of the "Heart and Crown" 
Baker Cogswell, of Dover, N. H., in estate at the corner of W^ashington 
the line (jf Nathaniel,'* John,^ Wil- and W^ater Streets, 
liam-and John.^ His motlier had a pri- 
or husband, Capt. Samuel Wallingtord Hart, Jehial Chester, died in Plainville, 
(father of the late Hon. G^y)X<^Q, of Hartford County, Ct., September 28, 
Kennebunk, Me., [I. C. I7i)5), who 1881. aged S9 years 8 mos. He was a 
was killed under Com. John Paul highly respected citizen of tliat town, 
Jones in the engagement of his ship much interested in historical research. 
Ranger with the British siiip Drake, and compiled a '" History of Buriing- 
24 April, 1778. Mr. CuLr^weil wn-s the ton, Connecticut," the manuscript of 
njiternal uncle of the Hon. John Went- whieh in 1875 he presented to the 
Worth, of Chicago, 111. New England Historic, Genealogical 


El!ot, John Fleet, died in Bost<)n, Aug. 

30. lS8l.a. 81 years 7 ms. He was a Kt3iBALL. Mrs. Abigail (Hilton), relict 

?<'n of Ephraim Eliot, of Bostim (Reg. of Andrew Kinibnll, at Sandwich, 

xxiii. ,3:]<.>), by his wile Elizabeth Fleet. N. H., November 27, 1^81, in her 97th 

llis lather was a graduate of Harvard year. She was born at Sandwich 26 

College in 1780, and auth(jr of " His- June, \l^o, and was rlauiibter by hia 

torieal Nutiees of the New North Re- last wife of Jeremiait Hilton, a s.ildiur 

liirioijsSoeietvof B ston " (8vo. 1822). of the Revolution, who married first. 
Mr. Meet h:m>e!f had mueti anticiua- 
rian ta-te. and contribnred to the RtG- 

is'int (aA,/r', xxvii..3ll-.0) an arrieh-on _... 

" Mothei- Go'.^.-"s Melodies, lie was settlers of .";und\\ i<;i), N. H 
a great-grandson of Thomas Fleet of 

Sarah ]i>ek(.'t. ar, 

d seeon.i. .At.i^aii 

ilunkin:;. .Mr. Hi 

itoii w.if a natKi- of 

Exetrr. N. H,.and 

was one of the first 




Randall, Piiiil King, died in Nor"^'ich, 
N. Y., August 2(5', 18S1, a-ed 58. He 
•was a 8iin of Charles^ (John.* John,^ 
John,3 John,"- John^) Randall, and 
was born in Norwich Ftbruarv II, 
18-J3. liis mother. Abigail, daughter 
ot Cieorge and Edith (llaxton) King, 
was his father's third wite. In early 
life he engaged in teaching, but sub- 
sequently studied medicine and form- 
ed a partnership in Do Ruyter, N. Y., 
with Ur. Whitford as a druL^gist. He 
removed from thence in lt?.>l to Og- 
densburg,and thence to Syracuse. In 
1855 he removed to Boston as general 
agent of the Great AVcstern and .Mich- 
igan Central Railroads. In 1875 he 
resigned the position. Subsequently 
he returned to his native place, where 
he resided till his death. In 1879 he 
publi-hed a Genealogy of the Randall 
Family, which is noticed in the Regis- 
ter (xxxiii. 375-6). 

Stanley, The Very Rev. Arthur Pen- 
rhyn D.D., Dean of Westminster, 
England, the leader of the Broad 
Church party, died at the deanery. 
July 18, 168''l,aged 65. He was the 
second son of the Rt. Rev. Edward 
Stanley, D.D., bishop of Norwich, by 
his wife Catherine, daugliier of the 
Rev. Oswald Leycester, and was born 
at Alderley, Cheshire, whde his father 
was rector of tlmt parish, December 
13, 1815. He entered Rugby School 
in his fourteenth year, and remained 
there, under Dr. Thomas Arnold's 
care, until 1834. He then entered 
Baliol College, Oxford, gained th 3 
Ireland scholarship, and, in 1^37, the 
degree of bachelor of arts. He took 
a first class prize in classics in 1837, 
the Latin essay prize in 1839, and the 
prizes for English essay and theoloiiy 
in 1840. This year also witnessed his 
electiun as tutor in the University Col- 
lege, Oxford, of which he had heen a 
fellow since 1838. He remained here 
for twelve years, being Select l-'reach- 
er in 1845 and '46, and secretary of the 
Oxford University Commission from 
1850 until 1852. Other honorable ap- 
pointments came in the following 
order: Canon of Canterbury. 1851- 
185« ; Regius professor of ecclesiasti- 
cal history at Oxibrd, 185r)-lbf)4 \ Ca- 
non of Christ Church and cfiaplain to 
the bishop of I^mdon, 1858-1864, be- 
sides being honorary chaplain to Her 
Majesty and the Prince of Walts, and 
deputy clerk ui the clos'.t. January 
9, 1^61, he was installed dean of West- 
minster. In February, 1»71, he re- 

ceived the degree of doctor of laws 
from the University of St. Andrew's, 
of which he was elected lord rector in 

Dr. Stanley's entrance into the lite- 
rary world occurred in 1837. during 
his college life, when his Ncwdiiruto 
prize poem, " The Gypsies,'' was pub- 
lished. In 1844 his admirable and 
affectionate '* Lite and Letters of Tho- 
mas Arnold, D.D.,'' appeared. His 
later publications have been numer- 
ous and vaiual^le. The results of his 
tour through the Holy Land in 185-2- 
53, were given in the work entitled 
'* Sinai and Palestine in Connection 
with their History." In the former 
year he accompanied the Prince of 
Wales on his Eastern tour, and in that 
year appeared " The Bible : lis Form 
and Sub>tance." His literary produc- 
tions have been mainly of a theologi- 
cal or religious character. 

He has also been a frequent contrib- 
utor to the reviews and magazines and 
to works of the encyclojioi'Jic sort, liis 
last labors were in cooperation with 
the committee for the revision of the 

A devout adherent of the established 
church, he was always ready to recg- 
nize tlic efTjrts of scientists in tijcir 
search for truth. Men of all sects and 
creeds were welcomed at the deanery, 
and there were often gathered in 
friendly conversation representatives 
of widely divergent lines of thouijiit. 

By his encouragement Col. Chester 
was induced to undertake his great 
work, the transcription and annota- 
tion of the " Wotmiiister Abbey lieg- 
isters." pul'lished in 1^.76 (<ee Ri^gis- 
TER, XXX. 479). in the preface to this 
work gratitude is expressed lor •• nu- 
merous Courtesies, general sympatiiy 
and cor<iial encouragement." 

In 1878 he visited this country and 
was warmly received by our people of 
all ranks. 

He married on December 22, 1863, 
in We.^tminster Abbey (see Ciiester's 
Rciji^ttrs, page 58), Augusta-Frcde- 
rica-Elizribet.ti Bruce, daughter of Tho- 
mas, earl of Elgin and Kilcardine. 
She died Marcfi 1, 1876. uiuversally 
beloved and lamented. >he was hu- 
ried in Henry VH.'s Charal, West- 
minster .\bbe\', and beside her tiie re- 
mains of the dean now repose. 

Wentwortu, Chester, at Elkhart, Ind., 
6 Augu-c. 1881, a_a^d 60 years, in line 
of Jiorrii,^ Edward,^ Benjamin,^ Paul- 
and William.^ 






Historical AND Genealogical 



VOL. XXXYI. ~AP RIL, 1882 



: BOSTOi^ : 


564 WASHiycTON St. 




M ''■ -'^ 




1 / 




APEIL, 1882. 


By James Osborve Weight, of New York City. 

IT is seldom that one who has been an important factor in the 
progress of religion and art is aUowed to begin and end a life of 
usefuhiess with the same amount of trust in his fellow men, yet 
none, of the many who liave had personal association with the sub- 
ject of this sketch, but will bear prompt testimony to tlie marvellous 
simplicity of character and trusting confidence which lusted through- 
out the sixty-seven years of Dr. Osgood's life. 

Few indivMual lives have illustrated so well the growth of this 
country, none have sliown a greater appreciation of its many bene- 
lits, or fought for them more nobly with heart and voice. 3Iany a 
strong arm has been raised in deience of tiiis nation, and many 
purses which seemed to defy the ordinary attacks of charity, have 
been opened by the irresistible influence of a voice which never failed 
to reach its audience, not only from its sonorous tones, but because 
the patriotic mind, unselfish in its tendency, carried conviction to 
its hearers, and bade them forget self for tlie general good. 

Born at Charlestown, ^lassachusetts, on the thirtieth day of 
August, 1812, Dr. Osgood lived during tlie most eventful period 
of the nation's social growth, experiencing alike the crude eil^jrts of 
the young Republic, and the more weighty influence of a nation 
that, during its first century of history, li^ ed during tlie [)urifying 
influences of a great internal strife, to emerge in a spirit fully alive 
to the better feelings of mankind, grateful for the past, and trusting 
in the future. 

Dr. Osgood was the twelfth child of Thomas Osgood and Han- 
nah Stevens his wife. His father was descended from Christopher 
Osgood, who came over from Hampshire, England, in the '' ^lary 
<i .lolin," to Massachusetts, in lHo4, and settled in Andover. I5oth 
p^trents u'ere meml)ers of the Orthodox ConL:rfgati(jnal Churclu but 
111 l^li) they seceded from their original taitii and joined in tlie 


114 Hev, Samuel Osgood. [April, 

foundinfir of Harvard Church, Charlestown, to which in 1818 Rev. 
James Walker was called as pastor. Thomas Oisp^ood died in 1818, 
leaving his family in limited circumstances, his son Samuel being but 
8ix years old, and thus early the boy was made to comprehend the 
necessity of self-reliance. 

Possessed of more than ordinary ambition, and neglecting no 
opportunity of acquiring knowledge, he entered the Charlestown 
Free School for boys at the age of seven. Here he received a care- 
ful and thorough preparation, gaining several medals. He left the 
Free School at the age of fourteen, and acting under the advice of 
his pastor, the Rev. James Walker, he abandoned the prospect of a 
mercantile life and commenced a course of studies which shoulil ena- 
ble him to enter Harvard. These studies were pursued largely by 
himself, though he frequently recited to a young medical student — 
Willard Parker, now the distinguished surgeon of New York — and 
so rapid was his progress, that in two years, at the age of sixteen, 
he entered college. At first his morbid sensitiveness seemed to be 
an effectual barrier to any sort of progress ; but as his ambition led 
him into competition, which could but end favorably in the case of 
60 conscientious a student, he soon found confidence and friends. 
This confidence, once assured, enabled him to follow his bent with- 
out hesitancy, and absorption in the multifarious branches of study 
open to such a persistent reader, placed him at once in the front rank 
amoniT his fellow students. Tlie versatilitv of Dr. Osorood will be 
best shown by his principal college performances, which include a 
Dialogue from the Greek, a Mathematical Oration on the Arch of 
Equilibration, an Oration on Individual Influences (spoken at the 
Exhibition, May 1, 1832), the '^ Oratio Classis " and Valedictory, 
July 17, and the Commencement Oration, "the Lot of the Portrayer 
of Passion," August 27, 1832. 

After graduating. Dr. Osgood entered the Divinity School, where, 
after most assiduous effort in the cultivation of his voice, he ac- 
quired that clear enunciation which has become fimiliar to so many 
thousands since then. A Xev York paper of February 6, 1858, 
after a critical account of the then famous Church of the Messiah, 
speaks particularly of the voice of its pastor, " his tones come clear, 
gentle, and perfectly modulated, across the long aisles and crowded 
pews, as if lie were close beside the listener ; this, the effect of fine 
vocal organs in the speaker, is to the hearer an absolute luxury." 
, Theodore Parker, writing during a severe sickness, under the 
date of September 14, 1859, " with a pencil, on my back, and for- 
bidden to talk," recalls with almost boyish satisfaction the good old 
days of the Divinity School, and reminds his old companion of the 
happy meals at Harvard round the commons table. " We have sat 
among famous men since then, but neither you nor I have heard 
much better talking than used to be set agoing at that rough [)ine 
table. . . . When we first met I well remember that you had a bet- 

1882.] Rev. Samuel Osgood. 115 

tcr knowled^-e than I of the more spiritual metaphysical system 
which Cousin so olo4iiently set tortli." Tliut Theodore Parker was 
not ak)ne in his estimate of that culleg-e symposium, is abundantly 
proven by the address of Dr. Bellows ^before the Goethe Chd). April 
21, 1880, in which the speaker referred to his " okl college com- 
panion ■' as '' a youth of great purity of character, of great intel- 
lectual force, and" of rare penetration', he graduated third in a class 
[1832] characterized by unusual brilliancy.*' Of this class proba- 
bly no member entertained a more sincere regard for Dr. Osgood 
than the Rev. Charles T. Brooks the poet, who at the close of a 
short biographical sketch of his friend in the Harvard Begister, 
May, 1880, adds the following lines : 


A heavy shadow falls upon my heart; 
And, as I look on thy {'arniliar face, 
Dear Mother Harvard ! where it pictured lies 
Forever in the world of memory, 
The shadow of that cloud of sorrow dims 
Its wonted lustre : and thy aged ehns 
.' Send forth a moan of sadness to my ear. 

For one is gone from earth with whom I walked 

Beneath their shade in many an hour of thought, 

Calm contemplation and companionship. 

A deeper shadow now han js o'er ti:e scene ; 

Yet frum behind—thanks be to God [—there gleams 

A brightness that reveals a world of ligl^t 

Above all clouds, where in a purer realm 

Dwell ail the seekers and the sons of light, 

Before the tace o( that Eternal Luve. — 

That sun whose orb behind all shadow- glows. 

Farewell, then, for a time, true-hearted friend ! 

Farewell, brave sehular ! though the golden bowl 

Is broken at the well i»f eartliiy life, 

The eternal flaunt of Truth at <Tod"s right hand 

Springs up to slake thy thirst fur evermore. 

Leaving the Divinity School in 1835, Dr. Osgood preached in 
several towns of Xew P^ngland, including Scituate, Keene and Au- 
gusta, and occasionally in Boston. After a service which he con- 
ducted in King's Chapel, Boston. ^NJarch f], l-'^SG, he writes in his 
Diary, "I read the ghjrious Liturgy; there is a holy unction in 
every word of the Church service." Less than a month :initv, he 
occupied the pulpit of Dr. Channing (on April 3) in the Federal 
Street Church, where he was afterwards mnrried. After a brief 
ministration in the AVest, preaching at Cincinnati and Loui>ville, in 
183G-37, wdiere he also edited the " Western Messenger," with the 
Rev. James Freeman Clarke, he accepted a call to Nashua, N. PL, 
where he continued four years, ];eing called to the Vv^estininster 
Church of Provi(lence, R. L, in 1^41. Two years later. Dr. Os- 
good married (May i' 1, 1^43) Kllcn Ibr-well .^^l^]r.r•k, of B'.)Ston, 
the daughter of tluj late (ieorg'^ and .Mary Hm-wl-II Murdoch, and 
grand-niece of Mrs, Susannah K'jw.^on, the autlioress of "Charlotte 

116 Hev. Samuel Osgood. [April, 

Temple" and other niisccllaiieous wrltln«:^s. After a successful min- 
istration of seven years in Westminster Church, during whicli time 
two daughters, Agnes Ilaswell and Bertha Stevens, were burn, 
Dr. Osgood was called to the Churcli of the Messiah, Xew York, 
the scene of his chief labors, as the successor of Dr. Orville Dewey. 
Here, at the head of a large and inlluential congregation, his life- 
work commenced in earnest. Constantly busy, yet fully capable 
of performing every routine in his calling, he seemed 'to be ubiquit- 
ous. Sermons and lectures without number, charming and uften 
brilliant essays, put forth as well to help the efforts of a young 
magazine strugghng into existence, as to supply the demands of in- 
fluential papers, now (1854) visiting the West to look into the 
affiiirs of Autioch College, and occasionally running down to his 
newly acquired (1857) country home, the home which furnished so 
much needed relaxation and strength in after life, beautiful AVald- 
stein ; nothing was t<K) formidable to attack, and success seemed to 
follow every etfort. It was in this year that he received the degree 
of S.T.D. from Harvard College; that of LL.D. being given him 
fifteen years later (1872) by Ilobart College. 

Declining a call to the South Congregational Church in Boston 
(Dr. Huntington's) in 1855, he continued his labors in Xew York 
with increasing assiduity, where in 1^50 his youngest daughter ]\Ia- 
bel Gray was born. 

In addition to the mass of published sermons and addresses, he 
edited the Xew Hampshire Book in conjunction with C. J. F^^^l in 
1841 ; translated from the German of Ulshausen ^* The History of 
our Lord's Passion," 18o9 ; and " Human Life, or Practical Eth- 
ics," from the German of De AVette, 1842. His ''Studies in Christ- 
ian Biogra[)hy "' first appeared in Xew York, 1851; ''God with 
jNIen " was published in Boston, 1853; the "Hearth Stone'' went 
through several editions, New York 1854 and 1875, the last being 
revised and enlarged ; and a sinular success followed " ]\Iile Stones 
in our Life Journey," the first edition being put fortli in 1855, the 
enlarged edition in 187(j, both published in New York. "Student 
Life" was issued in 18<)0, and "American Leaves" followed in 
18G7. In 18<)2 the collection of Hymns, iScc, entitled " Clu'isiian 
Worship and Book of Ves[)ers," was pul)lished, meeting witli most 
cordial approval, but at the same time being looked upon with mucli 
6us[)icion by many. Its com[)iler3 were Drs. Osgood and Fark^y. 
Dr. James Walker in a letter to the former writes : " Your collec- 
tion for Christian Worship, a copy of which you were so kind as to 
send to me, I have looked over with nuich satisfaction .... I am 
glad you are not afraid to Ijc devotional, come what may." It was 
for this Service Book that Bryant wrote his " Mother's Hynm.'' 

All this was Init a tithe of the literary labors of Dr. Osgood, His 
untiring pen sticmed never to be still. From 185b to FS7(5, over 
eeventy articles appeared in " Harper's Monthly " alone, while the 

1882.] Rev. Samuel Osgood. 117 

pages of the Xorth American Review, Bibliothecn Sacra, Atlantic 
^Monthly, Christian Examiner, Church Eclectic, Xew York Quar- 
terly, the International Keview, ^lonthly Keligious ^lagazine, 
Appleton's Journal, the Putnam and Knickei'hocker ^Magazines, and 
the Christian Inquirer, Providence Journal, Independent, and New 
York Evening Post, have received graceful contributions, ah\ays 
written with the same thoughtful care, none in bitterness, but ever 
tending to confirm his trust in the goodness of human nature, and 
though with evident respect for the traditions of the past, pressing 
forward with all eufncient zeal to the promise of the future. 

Probably no event of Dr. Osgood's life called forth such unstinted 
applause as a speech made on the occasion of the Testimonial jvlcet- 
ing to the memory of James Eenimore Cooper, held in Xew York 
February 25, 1852. The speakers included Daniel AVebster, AA'ash- 
ington Irving, William CuUen Bryant, George Bancroft, G. P. R. 
James (the novelist of "solitary horseman" fame) and others. 
Although not invited to speak in presence of so distinguished a com- 
pany until nearly the end of the meeting, the impromptu etrbrt was 
described in a contemporary report as " the electric speech of the 
evening," and so impressed ]\Ir. Webster that he sent his warmest 
congratulations to Dr. Osgood on the following day, with an earnest 
invitation for more fre<{uent intercourse. 

His many friends, from whom every act of his life brought sym.- 
pathy and moral help, were chosen from no destructive element, 
though the well-known liberality of his opinions made him popular 
with all. On the contrary he seemed to select conservative minds 
for companionship, not as a worldly minded man putting up a shield 
against possible harm, but rather with an intuition born of an admi- 
ration for those who "watch and wait." The revered poet William 
Cullen Bryant, the distinguished statesman Charles Sumner, tiie 
brillianr journalist George Kipley, and the acute historian George 
Bancroft, were equally his friends, and others, no less distinguished, 
had early in his life broken down tlie barriers of mere courtesy to 
hold closer communion each with the other. 

The historian, writing under date of ^^ovember 4, 18C3, revels in 
the generosity of his friend's last address, " Our Life-School as 
Theologians," delivered bt-fore the Alumni of the Theological School 
of Harvard University, and says, " There is life and sustenance in 
what you say, meat and drink for a full grown man, instead of 
worthless negation, a generous sympathy with the great and o;ood 
of all time, who have seen in man something greater than himself;" 
and later on (June 5, 1875) he thanks him for his " continuinn^ 
friendship which I trust will cease only with life." The journalist 
pays many tributes to his "earliest, mn-t highly honored, and n'.ost 
tenderly loved friend," and writes, " I have always deeuievl it a sig- 
nal privilege of my life to hold even an humble [jlace on tiie roll of 
friendship at the head of which stood the names of President Walkcr,. 

VOL. XXXVI. 11* 

118 Rev, Samuel Osgood, [April, 

Bryant and Bancroft:" the statesman writes on January 2, 18<)0, 
" not to play the critic, but because I was truly impressed by your 
beautiful speech." 

Probably- no one entertained a more appreciative res^ard for Dr. 
Osgood than A\'il]iam Cullen Bryant. At Roslyn and at '' Wald- 
stein " the two friends interchanged thoughts surrounded by the same 
influences of the life so dear to both, each seeking relief from the never 
ending duties of their respective callings, communing together be- 
neath the blue sky, to the music of the rustling of many leaves. 
The poet, writing from Roslyn June 10, 1875, says: "I want to 
see you . . . and hear some of the good talk which you always bring 
with you, such as Cicero heard from his friends at his villa of Tus- 
culum, such as Cowley delighted in at his retreat of Chepstow, and 
such as ^Milton celebrated in his Elegy on Lycidus." 

These tributes are but an infinitesimal part of the many kind 
words and deeds enjoyed by Dr. Osgood throughout his life. It was 
not from public men only that he derived sympathy and sustaining 
strength. The thousands that heard his patriotic speeches, the 
silent devotion of the multitude who Sunday after Sunday thronged 
the Church of the Messiah, lend even c^reater testimony to the 
hold on men's hearts which may be acquired by one whose public 
spirit and kindly fellowship made critical opinion and partisan ad- 
miration equally acceptable. 

At the threatened outbreak of the war, when strong men, drunk 
with passion urged desperate means, his voice was raised to pacify 
rather than inflame, but when division came, no patriot threw great- 
er weight into the scale which justified the north. His sermon on 
the Sunday of the departure of the famous Seventh Regiment , de- 
livered from a pulpit draped with the national flag, while the street 
in front of the Church of the ^Messiah resounded with the rattle of 
artillery and the tramp of marching feet, will never be forgotten by 
those present, and until the close of the bloody strugirle he never 
failed to predict the certain triumph of the north. His patriotism 
was not confined to its New York influence, it was carried to his 
Fairfield retreat, where to this day the huge rock, partly covered 
with vines and surmounted by a rustic pulpit, bears on its only ex- 
posed face, " God and our Country, 18G2,"' and the villagers recall 
wi*;h pride and afifection the influence which sent recruits to the field, 
and kept those at home cheerful with faith and hope. 

On the occasion of Lincoln's funeral, a memorial service was held 
by the congregation of the Church of the ^^lessiah (who were then 
building their new edifice on 34th Street) at the Church of the In- 
carnation, striking from its originality, and exciting much favoral)le 
comment. Three years later the new Church was consecrated, but 
in the mean time the arduous labors of its pastor, no longer sustained 
by the fearful excitement of the struggle, which had ended as he 
predicted, told on his strength and forced him to take the rest so 

1882.] Bev. Samuel Osgood, 119 

much needed. Tendering his resignation on tbe 16th of ]\Iarcb, 
1869, he sailed for Europe after six weeks of preparation. Land- 
ing in Irehmd, after a passage which had ah'eady lent much strength, 
his activity of mind and body forced him to make some u>e of 
his new experiences, hence his " Letters from Abroad,*' which 
appeared in the Evening Post throughout 1869 and part of 1870. 
At first the novel appearance of Ireland's professional beggar pained 
and distressed the American, who failed to find in his meuiory a 
counterpart seeking unearned wages in the new world. This seemed 
immediately the result of bad government, and England received 
the usual cuflf for her oppression of the meek, patient and long-suf- 
fering inhabitants of the Emerald Isle. This, however, was a first 
impression, and though many injustices were stored up in his mem- 
ory, subsequent events taught the sympathetic traveller that Eng- 
land's greatest minds and kindliest hearts had failed to remove the 
cravings of a people born to unrest. Here, with his usual charity 
and broad-church sympathies, almost before the communicated mo- 
tion of rolling waves had been replaced by a steadier gait, the pas- 
tor, with his instincts strong within* him, ministered the last rites 
to a poor Catholic, whose poverty prevented the attendance of the re- 
sident priest. ''' Dust to the dust whence it was and the spirit unto 
God who gave it," was received by the sorrowing mourners with 
every evidence of appreciation. 

Continuing" his travels throuiih Eniii-land. Germnnv, Austria, Italv, 
Switzerland and France, Dr. Osgood had opportunities of associating 
with the great mmds of the day. In England his intimacy witli 
Archbishop Trench and Dean Stanley served to ripen the fond- 
ness, which never positively latent, had not yet declared itself as in 
favor of the historical Mother Church. The adherence of the Eng- 
lish race to its tradition of Church and State, striking in its unques- 
tioning devotion, and turning with pity to the already large follow- 
ing of restless minds who sought nororietv in nevver fields, had its 
eflfect upon the man who in 1836 spoke of '"the glorious Liturgy " 
with such admiration. xV little later he writes in his diary: ''At 

Berlin my interview with Dr. Dorner confirmed my decision 

I find great comfort in a belief which is but the development of the 
dim feeling of many years." 

On his return to America In 1869, Dr. Osgood immediately en- 
tered the Protestant Episcopal Church, where until his <ieath he wns 
not only an active spirit, but a positive Infiuence. He was called 
to Trinity Church, San Francisco, and to the Cliurch of St. John 
the Evangelist, Xew York, but accepted no permanent charge of a 
parish, though lie preached constantly in the prominent pulpits. 

The pleasant memories which he left in the Unitarian Church v^^re 
hap[)Ily alluded to by tlie Kev. AVllliarn 11. Alircr, in his Historical 
Address at the Centennial Celebration of the Church of the ^Messiah, 
March 19, 1875, who said: 

120 Hev. Samuel Osgood. [April, 

" Of Dr. OsfTood and his work I can speak in no terms but those of re- 
spectful appreciation and personal friendship In witlidrawing from 

the Unitarian denomination and joining the Episcopal Church, he has not 
been alienated from his old friends, nor embittered against their beliefs and 
methods. His thought and fellowship are too humane and vrorld-wide for that. 
His portrait hangs in our chapel, and his name is on one of our communion 
cups. And, in return for his kindly expressed interest . . . we assure him of our 
reciprocal feeling, and hope every happiness for him in his chosen sphere of 
activity. As long as congregations shall worship within these wails, a 
proof of his taste will greet their eyes in the happy mottoes with which he 
adorned the buildino^, and the light will stream on them throuiih his gift in 
the rose window above the choir." 

Dr. AYildes, in the memorial address given at the Seventh Church 
Congress, Providence, R. I., Oct. 25^ 1881, pays to his brother 
clergyman the following tribute : 

" In this city, the field of his youthful ministry in another Christian body, 
I perhaps need dwell the less upon distinctive features of mind and 
character, securing honor to their possessor, and honoring whatever place 
might be accorded him in the fellowship of thoughtful, spiritually earnest, 
and well-furnished men, who, like the children of Issachar, ' had under- 
standing of the times.' If, diligent student and ripe scholar as he was, his 
gifts were more in the line of broad and elegant culture than of the imme- 
diately practical ; if out of all studies, whether in literature, aesthetics, or 
problems philosophical and social, he craved occasion, more grateful to him- 
self, for an admitted critical faculty, for the ready word and the untiring 
graceful pen, it is to ije recorded of Samuel Osgood that in all he sought olter- 
ings for the Master. Taking Orders in this Church after long and conspicuous 
service in another connection ; in all high contideuce in her historic claims, 
and in all intelligent and conscientious reception of her truths of life and 
duty, his true heart never withheld itself from loving recollections of the 
ties of other days. The sweet grace of charity, the otTspring and compa- 
nion, may I not say, of his earlier no less than of his later faith, was never 
far away from his walk and conversation. Tenderly recalling all that our 
brother and friend was to us of the Executive Committee — his almost 
invariable presence at its meetings ; his genial greetings ; his large under- 
work — as is the German phrase — for the welfare of the Congress ; his 
not infrequent and eloquent utterances from its platform; his well con- 
sidered and always manly assertion of its value to the Church ; the spiritual, 
too, so greatly the aim in his thinking and living ; the faithful so marking 
bis journey to its close — we bless God for memories of faith, love and 
noble service linked to the name and life of Samuel Osgood." 

The ever busy mind and pen continued as usual to take up the 
prominent questions of the day for discussion. It is doubtful if any 
ten years of his life bore such good fruit as the last. His Centen- 
nial articles on Coleridge, Spinoza, V<^Itaire, Rousseau, his memo- 
rial addresses and orations on The Renaissance in America, Bry- 
ant, Crawford, Burns, Frederick Denison Maurice and others, liis 
innumerable reviews ; contributions to the Church and State, 
Churchman, Christian Register, &c., his articles on social topics in 
the New York Times, proved how active the mind continued. 

1882.] Rev. Samuel 0-sgood. 121 

Ilis last work, die Oration upon AVilliam Ellory Channini;, de- 
livered before the Xew York Historical Society little more th<..a a 
week before his deatli, is sufficient j)roof that the orator had lost iione 
of his art, and the man none ot" his kindliness. 

Probably the one great influence whicii continued this life of use- 
fulness till within two years of the allotted "three score and ten,'* 
was the strength and rest acquired at the country home, that for 
years afforded a refuge when enforced confinement demanded a re- 
turn to the pure air of tiie fields and hedges. Day by day and year 
by year tlie home he had chosen in Fairfield, Connecticut, grew in 
beauty. Originally rouuh and unkempt, with many a huge boulder, 
presenting barren spots in a fair landscape, '' Waldstcin " soon emerg- 
ed in all the glory of caret\d cultivation, until it became one of the most 
beautiful homes in the state. Every visit of its owner during the 
winter, and the five months residence in summer, brought some im- 
provement, until it became a perfect storehouse of pleasant memo- 
ries. The giant elm remembered as a sapling, tlie thicket of rose- 
bushes covering the former desert of rock, the blasted trunk draped 
in clustering vines, all testified to the loving hands that had guided 
and helped through every stage. Here it was that his neighbor 
Jonathan Sturgcs, of honored memory, became his intimate friend 
and associate, especially when the improvement of Fairfield needed 
wise counsel and energetic measures, and here it was that Dr. Os- 
good chose his last resting place on earth, buying a lot overhanging 
the running stream at Oak Lawn Cemeterv within a mile of his 
home. A rough gi-anite monument had but just been erected to 
mark the spot, when death overtook the christian to whom the 
scythe-bearer brought no fears. The situation recalls the beautiful 
lines of John Anster : 

" If I might choo-se where my tired limbH shalllie 
When my task here is done, the Oak's green crest 
Shall rise above my grave — a little mound 
Raised in some cheerful village cemetery. 
And I could \u<h that with unceasing sound 
A lonely mountain rill was murmuring by 
In music thnjugh the lonj; soft twilight hour. 
And let the hand of her whom I love best 
Plant round tl)e bright-green i^rave those fragrant flowers 
In whose deep bells the wihl l>ee loves to rest. 
And should the robin from some neighboring tree 
Pour his enchanted S')nii; — Oh ! softly tread, 
For sure if augiit (^f earth can sootiie th.e dead, 
He fctill must love that pensive melody." 

The position of Dr. Osgood in tlie world of letters and religion 
has little comparison with any of his associates in either. Possess- 
ed of a liberal s[)irit, without a trace of ec^otism, yet withal tirm in 
his convicti(jns as developed, he w-ndd Iiave dra\vn all extremes to- 
gether in an etfort to attain the general good. At his funcTcd, which 
took place at St. Thomas Church, Xew York, the pall-bearers were 

122 Pi^esident Wilder' s Address. [April, 

selected from the most honored representatives of the Episcopal, 
Presbyterian and Unitarian Churches, among- whom were liis old 
friend Dr. Farley, the venerable Dr. Adams, the Rev. Mori^an 
Dix, President Barnard, Drs. Washburn, C. C. Tiffany and Tuttle. 

He was for thirty years an influential member of the New York 
Historical Society, and for ten years its Domestic Corresponding^ Sec- 
retary ; also Corresponding^ Member of the Wisconsin, Massacliusetts, 
New Eno^land Historic Genealoirical, and Rhode Island Historical 
Societies, a member of the Century, Union League, Goethe and Har- 
vard Clubs, in the last of which he was the first President. The 
London Association for the Reform and Codification of the Law of 
Nations, the International Code Committee of America, and other 
progressive associations, enrolled him a chosen member, and numer- 
ous others sought his influence through the medium of honorary 
membership. At the time of his death, wiiich occurred in Xew York 
from acute cons^estion of the lumis induced bv heart disease, after an 
illness of only thirty hours, 14th of April, 1880, he was engaged in 
preparing a work on the Renaissance in America, which was to 
include an elaboration of his memoirs of Channing, Bryant and 

Such is the brief outline of a successful life. The resolutions of 
the different churches and societies to winch Dr. Osgood belonged 
bear better testimony to the esteem in which he was held by all with 
whom he was associated. The kindly tones of his voice are stilled in 
death, but the remembrance of his virtues will live in the hearts of 
a multitude who have listened to his teachings, and have felt the 
influence of his earnest w^ork. 

" And, truly, he who here 
Hath run his bri;j:ht career, 
And served men nobly, and acceptance found, 
And borne to Xx^zh.i and riirht his witness high, 
What can he better crave than then to die, 
And wait the i&sue, sieepini^ under 2;rouud? 

Why should he pray to range 
Down the Ions: age of truth that ripens slow, 
And break his heart with all the baffling change 
And all the tedious tossing to and tro ?" 


Delivered at the Annual Moetin;? of the New E.vgland Historic, Genealogical 
Society, January 4, 1882. 

Gentlemen of the Society : 

Fourteen years have elapsed since you conferred upon me the 
presidency of this Society, and now for the fifteenth time you have 
expressed your united desire that I should continue to discharge the 

1882.] President Wilder's Address, 123 

duties of tliat office. Tliis honor could have been bestowed upon, 
and would have been highly appreciated by some one much better 
qualified than myself; but my heart is in your cause, and I cheer- 
fully place at your disposal any aid or strength that I may be able 
to render. 

Happy am I to receive this renewed expression of your confi- 
dence and respect. Devoutly thankful am I that the lives of so 
many of us have been preserved to another anniversary, and that 
we meet once more to concert plans for the prosecution of our noble 

I most heartily rejoice in the continuance of the lives of so 
many of the immediate officers and committees — the working men of 
our Society — only one of the more than forty having been re- 
moved by death the past year. During the fiiteen years of my ad- 
ministration more than four hundred members have ceased from their 
labors, and have gone to receive their reward. During the past 
year, as far as we can learn, thirty-nine members have joined 
them in that better land where friends shall part no more. The 
average age of those who have died during tiie last seven years is 
over seventy-one years. Among those, who have been taken from 
us, are many entitled to special remembrance; but as the historio- 
grapher, the Kev. Dr. Tarbox, has so appropriately spoken of them 
in his reports, 1 refrain from further allusion except to repeat some 
of their names. 

Of those more especially devoted to historical studies or distin- 
guished in official lire, we may mention the following : 

The riou. EoBERT S. Hale, LL.D., Honorary Vice-President for New 

The Kl'v. Edwin A. Dalrymple, S.T.D,, Honorary Vice-President for 

The Hon. Charles Hudson, of Lexington. 
The Rev. Leonard Bacon, D.D., of JS'ew Haven, Ct. 
The Kev. William C. Fowler, LL.D., of Durham, Ct. 
Ebenezer Clapp, Esq., of Dorchester. 
William Lawton, of Nev/ Ptochelle, N. Y. 
The Kev. Alexander H. Vinton, D.D., of Pomfret, Ct. 
Charles W. Tuttle, Ph.D., of JJuston. 
The Hon. John Boyd, of Winsted, Ct. 

The Hon. Nathan Clifford, LL.D., Justice U. S. Supreme Court. 
Samuel F. ILwex, LL.D., of Worcester. 
The Hon. Solomon Lincoln, of Hingham. 
The Hon. ILvrvey Jewell, of Boston. 

Those who have contributed to our building and library fund are 
the following : 

Ebenezer Alden, ]\LD., of Randolph. 
• . Capt. Ambrose H White, of Boston. 
• Col. Henry Smith, of Boston. 
Alexander Stroncj, of Boston. 
John W. Brooks, of Milton. 
Eben Wright, of Boston. 

124 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

Thomas D. Quixcy, of Boston. 

The Hon. Enoch R. Mudge, of Swampscott. 

"William F. Weld, of Boston. 

Albkrt Tikkell, of "Weymouth. 

jNIixot Tihrell, of "We_vmoiith. 

Samuel Dowxer, of Boston. 

And of those who have made bequests in their wills : 

Ebexezer Aldex, M.D., of Randolph. 
Capt. Ambrose II. "White, of Boston. 
Joseph J. Cooke, of Providence, R. I. 

Especially would we bear in grateful remembrance the name of 
Dr. Ebenezer Alden, who, from the second 3'ear of our organiza- 
tion, has taken a lively interest in the objects and welfare of 
this Society, and has manifested it by his late bequest of one 
thousand doHars, and his further benefactions should the assets of his 
estate be commensurate with his hopes ; and whose life h;is been so 
beautifully portrayed by the historiographer, in a commemorative 
sketch in the last number of our Register. 

Distinguished as many of those were who have been removed 
from us the last year, we cannot refrain from a brief notice of our 
former vice-president for Connecticut, the Rev. Leonard Bacon, 
D.D., LL.D, who, within a few days, has so suddenly passed 
away. Truly a great man has fallen ! a true New England man ! 
the eloquent preacher and profound theologian — the learned scholar 
and able historian — the clear-headed teacher and elfective debater — 
the sotmd philosopher and wise counsellor — whose Christian charac- 
ter and excellence in all the relations of life have left an impress on 
the age that will be long remembered. 

Another former vice-president, who represented ]\Iassachusetts in 
this society, has been taken from us this year, the ILm. Charles 
Hudson, who has made important contributions to the historical 
literature of Xew England. 

From our list of honorary Vice-Presidents of the past year, we* 
have lost the Hon, Kobert S. Hale, LL.D., of the state of Xew 
York, a fine classical scholar, an able jurist and an irreproachable pub- 
lic man ; and the IJev. Edwin A. Dalrymple, S.T.D., of 2\Iaryiand, 
an eminent sch<-)lar, who was much interested in historical matters, 
and with whose presence we were honored not long ago. 2s or 
can we omit to mention again the name of Charles Wesley Tuttle, 
Ph.D., our immediate associate, whose ability as a writer, and 
whose liistorical researches and. excellent character, will ever be 
dearly cherished })y all Avho knew him. 

Thus one after another we sail down the stream of life. ^lany 
of us have long since passed the bounds alloted to man, — have 
climbed the hill of life and are descending to the sunset line. vSoon 
we shall reach the valley below ; but let us not be sad nor disconsolate. 
No, No ! — with cheer of mind and heart of hope, let us toil on 
joyfully in the glorious truth that — 

1882.] President Wilder s Address, 125 

*' the soul of our mould is immortal. 

. . Un^'ithereci, unwasted by season or time ! 

Where the spring- time eternal shall open its portal, 
And welcome us, too, to a happier clime." 

The year which lias just closed has been one oFthe most remarka- 
ble in the history of our country lor the general health of the })eople, 
the unexampled prosperity of all branches of connnerce and industry, 
and the general increase of population, wealth and power. 

One year ngo I congratulated you on the then auspicious condition 
of our country, as mnnifested by the peaceful election of another 
President of this Great Kepublic, — an event everywhere regarded in 
confirmation of the stability of its government, of friendly relations 
between the several states of our Union, and a determination to 
maintain it as the best government on earth. 

But amidst these evidences of general prosperity, and the manifes- 
tations of divine favor, our beloved chief magistrate was stricken to 
the ground by the hand of an assassin. The people, from one end of 
our land to the other, stood aghast ! The great heart of the nation 
for a moment ceased to beat, and the heavens seemed to be veiled in 
blackness I But when reason resumed her thrime, we reflected that the 
act was that of a wretched miscreant, that assassination was as old as 
sin, and that our republic was still safe. In tlie words of our mur- 
dered President, "God reifrns, and the Government at AVashingtoa 
still lives : " 

Yes ! Our orovernment, the stronn:est and best the world has ever 
known, still lives ! Garfield has fallen ! and we all mourn the loss of 
one with such brilliant prospects of usefulness to our country. His 
administration was brief, but one which gave great promise of good, 
and his name will be inscribed on the star-spangled banner of Ame- 
rican genius, among those illustrious men who are entitled to the 
respect and gratitude of the civilized world. His name will be 
gratefully remembered when the m(»numents now being erected to his 
memory shall have grown hoary with age ! 

Presidents may be murdered ! Presidents may die ! Generation 
after generation mav pass away, but the principles of civil and reli- 
gious freedom which illumined their lives shall live to advance the 
cause of human right, and to enkindle in the hearts of mankind the 
love of virtue, loyalty and justice, whicli shall carry out the grand 
design which Providence has to elevate this nation, as an example of 
the capacity of a people to govern themselves. 

The cloud that overshadowed us was indeed dark and foreboding, 
but it had a silver linincr. Often have we seen, in the dealin^fs of 
God with this nation, that 

" Behind a frowninjij Providence, 
He hides a smiling face." 

God has ever been merciful and gracious to this people. He 
knows what is best for us, and instead of ansvrering directly the 
VOL. xxxvi. 12 

126 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

millions of prayers which ascended to his throne for the recovery of tlie 
President, he sent his blessincr in another form, bv unitinix the hearts 
of our people in stronger bonds of sympathy and love, — the North 
and the South, the East and the West, clasping hands over the grave 
of Garfield, — tlius giving promise of making us a better people, a 
people whose love of union and freedom shall be the almoner of un- 
told blessings to the nations of the earth. 

History often repeats itself. The sacrifices of martyrs and the 
death of saints have often been blessings in disguise, the record of 
whose lives confers blessings on mankind while the world shall stand. 
From Calvary down through the ages of the past, the examples and 
teachings of the Great Conqueror of sin and death, and of those who 
have given their lives for His sake and tlie cause of humanity, have 
come down to us as the heralds of freedom and salvation to the 
world. Thus while the stars and stripes were floating triumphantly 
over the conquest of the Rebellion, Lincoln falls ! But the glorious 
work of emancipation goes on ! Garfield falls ! But the govern- 
ment stands ! an enduring monument of the patriotism, virtue and 
wisdom of those w^ho founded it. It was indeed a mournful day when 
he fell — a day, which, in his own words over the murdered Lincoln, 
" will be sadly memorable as long as this nation shall endure, which 
God grant may be till the last syllable of recorded time, when the 
volume of human history shall be sealed up and delivered to the 
Omnipotent Judge." 

In connection with the memories of those who have been taken from 
us, I desire to state that a Memorial Volume, containing biographies 
of forty-three deceased members of this Society, who died previous to 
1853, was issued early in the year — a volume of great interest, embrac- 
ing as it does memoirs of some of the most distinguislied men of their 
day. And it now gives me great pleasure to state, as will be seen 
by the report of the Committee, that the second Memorial Volume 
has been completed, and is nearly ready for distribution. This con- 
tains biographies of forty-five members. These memoirs are pre- 
pared with great care by competent writers, among whom are found 
many distinguished persons. And I desire here to express to tlie 
Committee who have had in charge the preparation of these volumes, 
our sincere thanks for their gratuitous labors, and the judicious man- 
ner with which they have discharged their duty. 

The plan of these memorial biographies of our deceased members 
looks forward to a distant future, and we anticipate that every year 
will add one or more new volumes to the series. The fund which 
was established for the purpose and the income from the sale of the 
volumes, will secure their annual or semi-annual pul>lication down 
through many generations. Fifty years hence, we shall have seventy- 
five or a hundred volumes of the choicest i)iography contained in any 
consecutive work in the land. A hundred volumes such as we have 
already produced will contain biographical sketches of more than four 

1882.] President Wilder s Address, 127 

thousand of the leadinfr and influential men of New Eniihind in all the 
great departments of life — in history, in letters, in science, agricul- 
ture, manufactures and commerce. A historical society, \vitli aims 
as broad and generous as this, does not embalm the memory of a 
single class alone, but of ail classes, those ^vhose virtues and exam- 
ples have adorned every rank and department of human society. It 
is to be hoped that all our members will avail themselves of the 
opportunity thus offered of placing upon their tables, from year to 
year, these invaluable publications. They cannot be read by our- 
selves or by others ^vithout oficring noble examples for imitation, 
and without inspiring the heart with higher and better as])irations. 

By the Reports which will be submitted to-day, it will be seen that 
our Society is in a working, progressive, and healthful condition ; 
and, what is very gratifying, we have been favored with several, 
though not large, bequests during the past year. These give evi- 
dence of an appreciative interest in the objects of the Society, and 
we confidently hope they will lead others to do likewise, for we 
must not disguise the fact that we need inmiediate funds for the 
better prosecution of our work. 

Not only the study of local and family history, but the production 
of works in these important departments, has been making extraor- 
dinary progress in Xew England during the last few years. It has 
been our aim from the beginning to encournge these studies and these 
undertakings. Every new book produced in this line of study can 
hardly fail to lift into light hitherto undiscovered facts that enter into 
the fabric of another. The accumulations of the past are prolific 
factors in the work of the future. Our library, rich in material, 
and growing better every day, has always been open to our members, 
and to others who come with proper recommendations, to facilitate 
and encourage their work. Xot a few are availing themselves of 
these opportunities. And every year we are seeing more and more 
of the rich fruitage of our generous policy. During the last year 
forty-eight hound volumes m\(\ fiftij-elght pdrnpldets , whose authors 
are members of this Society, have been presented as gifts to our 
library. This is not a small harvest for a single year. There are 
doubtless others tliat have not yet reached us. The titles of the 
volumes thus placed in the library are given in our quarterly 
Hegister, and classified as having been written by members of the 
Society. AVe antici})ate that the works produced by our members, 
and coming to our hands, will increase in number year by year, 
while the vast work of writing the family and local history of 2se\v 
England goes slowly but surely forward. 

In my address last vear, 1 set forth [)retty fully the pressing im- 
portance of enlarLicd acconnnodations for our library. I desire to- 
day ttj reiterate what I then said, and most respectfully refer you to 
my views in our published proceedings of l<"!)bl, which I ought not to 
repeat here. But I will say, that I hope and expect that during the 

128 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

coming year fiddltions will be made to tlie buildinix? wliicli will give 
lis the accommodations which we require. AVe liave ample area of 
land for an additional structure to be connected witli this, 2:ivino; us 
all the space we need for our books, engravings, manuscripts and 
antiques, whicli are badly accommodated in their present crowded 
condition. I think fifteen thousand dollars will be sufficient to com- 
plete the desired enlargement. And, gentlemen, I cannot but li(>pc 
that some liberal member, among our wealthy associates, of which 
we have many, will volunteer to add this structure, to bear his name, 
and to be a memorial, telling the story down through all coming 
generations, of his wisdom and generosity. 

The past year, like its immediate predecessors, will be memorable 
in the annals of our country for the commemoration of important 
events, the developments of genius, the increase of population, 
wealth and power. ^' Each of these anniversaries," says Gov. Long, 
"pays common tribute to a common origin, a common ancestry and 
a common training, to which we are all alike indebted." Delegates 
and members of this Society have been present or have taken part 
in many of these, of which record wdll be made. 

On the 11th of ^Nlay, 1881, the one-hundredth anniversary of 
the battle at Cowpens was celebrated with appropriate ceremonies 
and observances worthy of the important occasion — a battle which 
w^ill ever be remembered for the signal victory of our troops under 
the command of the daring Morgan, and as the precursor of that more 
glorious one which was followed by the surrender of the British 
army to the allied forces of America and France at Yorktown in 
the succeeding autumn. 

Among the celebrations in our own city, especially to be noted. 
was the ceremony of unveiling the statue of Col. William Prescott, 
on the 17th of last June, on Bunker Hill, where, one hundred and 
gix years before, the first great battle of the American Revolution 
was fought. The occasion was marked by appropriate demonstra- 
tions, and by a large representation of civic and military bodies 
which did honor to the memory of that valiant officer who did 
such noble service on that memorable day. But the distinguish- 
ing feature of the occasion was the oration of our beloved citizen 
Kobert C. Winthrop, President of the Bunker-PIill Monument Asso- 
ciation, in whose veins flows the blood of John Winthrop, the first 
Governor of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay — one not less illustri- 
ous in the annals of literature, history and the councils of this nation. 
Most generously did ]Mr. Winthrop do honor to the memories of 
Prescott, ^\^arren, Putnam, Pomcroy, Stark, Knowlton, Peed and 
other heroes who fought valiantly on those consecrated heights — 
and to Dr. George E. Ellis, "to whose inspiration we primarily owe 
this statue in the very front of our noble monument." 

The most j^frand celebration of the vear was that of the one-hun- 
dredth anniversary of the battle at Yorktown, the surrender of the 

1882.] President Wllder's Address. 129 

British army by Lord Corcwallis, Oct. 19, 1781 — the hist grand act 
which closed the drama of the American Kevohition and gave to the 
workl the first great tree and independent nation on earth. This was 
signalized not only by national demonstrations of gratitude and joy 
in which most of our states were tally represented, foremost in which 
was our beloved commonwealth with Gov. Lon^,- at its head, but bv 
Foreign Legations and Commissions, and by a convoy of ships of 
war from the French Republic, with representatives of that govern- 
ment in the lineal descendants of the immortal Lafayette who was 
engaged in that battle ; also by a delegation from the German empire 
— heirs and representatives of the bold and brave Baron Steuben, 
for w-hose valuable services, military discipline, and his espousal of 
the American cause, the nation will ever owe a debt of gratitude. 
We rejoice in the remembrance of the inestimable blessings which they 
helped us to secure, and which we have enjoyed ; and we pray most 
sincerely tli^t the French Republic may reap wdtli us a portion of 
the rich harvest for which their fathers and our fathers sacrificed their 
lives and fortunes — the right to think, speak, and participate in the 
enjoyment of civil and religious freedom. 

Fortunate indeed that Mr. Winthrop, whose historical research and 
knowledge are so ample, was secured as the orator of the occasion : and 
more fortunate still that he was able to perform that patriotic service for 
our country, a service which will constitute a glorious story of Bunker 
Hill the first, and Yorktown the last, great battle of the American Re- 
volution, and will carry his name down with these precious memories 
through coming time. Xo American, no son of any other soil, could 
have sketched with greater propriety or more generous and yet truthful 
pen, the momentous events which had transpired and which had culmi- 
nated in the victory at Yorktown. With what a kind, conside- 
rate and Christian spirit does his soul fiow out ! " No anathemas 
shall escape me on this auspicious day ! We are here to revive no 
animosities, resulting from the war of the Revolution or from any 
other ^Ya^, remote or recent ; but rather to bury and drown them 
all deeper than the plummet ever sounded." How kindly does 
he speak for our mother land : " We can entertain nothing but 
respect and admiration, while I hazard little in saying that for the 
continued life of her illustrious sovereign the American heart beats 
as warmly this day as if no Yorktown had ever occurred, no inde- 
pendence had separated us from her imperial dominion." 

On the 8th of last Au;:^ust the First Parish in Hinfrham celebrated 
the two-hundredth anniversarv of the buildinfr of the meeting-house,, 
which still stands as a memorial of the piety and patriotism of the 
good people of that ancient historic tov/n, so renowned for the intel- 
ligence and integrity of her sons. Hingham was the birthplace of 
Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, who by order of Washington received the 
surrender of the British forces at Yorktown. Hingham is the home 
of our associate member Gov. John Davis Long. In her sacred soil 
VOL. xxxvi. 12* 

130 JPrestdent W{Ider''s Address. [April, 

repose the remains of my lamented predecessor, as president of this 
Society, John Albion Andrew, and of our worthy associates, Albeit 
Fearing, and Solomon Lincoln the historian of the town, over 
whose graves we would strew bright and fragrant flowers as emblems 
of eternal bloom in the paradise above. And may I not add, as the 
representative of the Wilders, for whom I had the honor to speak, 
that Ilingham was the home of Martha Wilder, who landed there in 
1638, who is believed to be our first ancestor, and from her, and 
Thomas and Edward, have descended the numerous families of our 
blood in Xew England. 

Nor would we omit to place on our record a remembrance of 
the celebration of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the 
settlement of Cambridiie, which occurred on the 28th of December, 
1880, too late to be noticed in my last address. Col. Thomas 
AV. Higginson, a member of this society, was the orator of the day. 
It was a most interestino; occasion, where the labors of our vener- 
able associate the Rev. Lucius K. Paige, D.D., the historian of 
Cambridge, were gratefully acknowledged, and who still lives to 
grace our meetings with his presence. 

Amono^ the c:reat events in our citv were the o-rand exhibitions of 
the ^lassachusetts Charitable ^Mechanic Association, and the New- 
England ^lanufacturers and ^Mechanics Institute, both held in their 
magnificent new buildings on the Back Bay, which only a few years 
ago was submerged by the daily tide. The Massachusetts Cliarita- 
ble ^Mechanic Association comes down to us from a former century 
— an institution which has ever exerted a most salutary and powerful 
influence not only on the industrial interests but on the social and 
civil condition of our city and state — whose first President was Paul 
Kevere, that true xVmerican, one of those that planned and executed 
the most daring project which characterized the times — the throw- 
ing over of the tea in Boston harbor — and who was despatched by 
Gen. AVarren on his " Midnij^ht Ride," immortalized bv Long- 
fellow's poem, to give notice of the march of the British troops 
for Concord on the 19th of April, 1775. Xo less than 230,000 
persons, as numbered by the turnstiles, and from whom was re- 
eived over $100,000 fur admission fees, attended the late exhi- 
bition of this xVssociation — whose magnificent building occupies t\NO 
and a half acres of land, and <ivhose floor space for exhibition covers 
an area of about seven acres. 

Not less in importance was the grand exhibition of the New-Eng- 
land Manufacturers and ^lechanics Institute, organized for the 
purpose of improving the manufacturing and mechanical interests 
of New England, whose monster building covers four and tliree- 
fourths acres, whose floor space gave an area of over eight acres, 
whose cost was about $350,000, and whose turnstiles represented an 
attendance of nearly half a million of persons. 

And last, yet ever dear in my ov/n associations, was- the ccle- 

1882.] President Wilder's Address. 13JL^ 

bration of tlie eighteenth anniversary of the American Poraolo- 
gical Society in this city, in September hist — an event i*-klcli. will 
ever be gratefully remembered, not only for the presence of the 
distingLiished pomologists and scientists of our country, but as the 
one which inspired tiie muse of our beloved poet Whittier in the 
beautiful hymn, written for the occasion and subsequently incorpo- 
rated into the Proclan:iation of our Governor for the xVnnual Thanks- 
giving. This Society is not only national but continental, embracing 
the British Dominions and having more than fifty vice-presidents and 
as many fruit committees located in the various states, territories and 
districts of our vast domain. It is truly American, being the first 
national one of the kind of which we have any record, and it^ first 
president still lives and has now entered on the thirty-second year 
of his administration. So great has been the progress of pomology 
in America under the stimulus of this and other kindred associa- 
tions, that a traveller, in whose opinions we have confielence, de- 
clares that the United States of America is far in advance of any 
nation on the globe in the science of fruit culture. 

Many other celebrations of cities and towns of New England have 
occurred in which our members have been concerned, but which I 
have been unable to attend. These anniversaries are full of interest 
and contribute largely to preserve the history of those by-gone days 
and memorable events which have made New England what slie is, 
which have elevated her as a great city set on a hill, the liglit of 
whose principles has penetrated the darkest portions of the globe, 
whose sons and daughters have gone forth as heralds of salvation to 
the distant isles of the sea, whose homes have been the corner stones 
of our temple of liberty, and whose churches and schools shall forever 
ring out in glorious chimes, the sweet songs of Freedom, Justice, 
Truth, and Good Will to Men. 

The surveys of Geographical and Geological Societies, the explora- 
tions of archcpologists and the researches of historians, in our own 
and in other lands, are constantly brinii:ino: new information in 
regard to the antiquity and locality of our progenitors, and of the 
customs of ages long gone by. To some of them I referred in my 
last Address, which I will not repeat here, but I may add a few 
words as to their progress. And first I desire to offer congratu- 
lations to the Archaeological Institute of America, Prof. Cliarles 
Eliot Norton of Cambridge, president, on the success of their 
explorations and discoveries in ^Mexico on this western hemis- 
pbere, and at the island of Assos in the Greek Archipelago. Jjy 
the recent report of this association we learn that the work at Assos 
has been steadily going on, witii results of constantly increasing in- 
terest. The survey of the site of this ancient city and its neighbor- 
iiood reveals the existence of many ruins not before observed. Be- 
sides the work which has been done on the famous Tem{>le of Assos, 
the floor of which has been cleared, an exact ground plan has been 

132 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

obtained and the fallen blocks measured, so that the elevation of the 
temple is known. Investigations on the lower plateau of the Acro- 
polis and the plain beneath have also been made, which give confi- 
dent expectations of results hardly inferior in interest to tliose which 
have ah'eady been secured. The explorations and examinations in 
Mexico are assuming important features, of which we shall be ad- 
vised hereafter. 

The surveys in the Rocky Mountain region and the explorations 
of the ruins of Xew Mexico, Arizona, the San Juan region, Yuca- 
tan and Central America, are furnishing most important information 
in regard to the conditions, customs, arcliitecture and the ditferent 
gradations of development from Indian to civilized life. 

The report of ^Inj. Powell, just published, affords a large amount 
of additional information concerning the ruins of the San Juan and 
its tributaries, the Cliff Houses, and the ancient Pueblos of that 
region. By these reports, which are from time to time published by 
our Government, we learn more of the life and customs of the 
American aborigines far back in the centuries of the past, more of the 
various periods and stages through which they have passed from their 
primitive condition to civilization, and which, as is remarked, ''may 
lead to the recovery of some portion of the lost history of our race." 

In this connection I may also state that I have received letters 
from my friend, that enterprising and enthusiastic archieologist Dr, 
Augustus Le Plongeon, whose communications in regard to his 
explorations and discoveries in A^ucatan, have, from time to time, 
been published under the supervision of Mr. Salisbury, Jr., in 
the issues of the American Antiquarian Society. In a recent 
letter he writes me that his discoveries have exceeded his most 
sanguine expectations. "I have discovered," he says, "among 
the ruins of ^layapan, the gnomon used by the astronomers of 
that city ; also a complete ^lasonic Temple, with symbols and 
hieroglyphics. [Of this Dr. Le Plongeon has spoken in his late 
lecture in Xew York.] I have found the portraits of the found- 
ers of cities, and interpreted the meaning: of certain ornaments that 
had been misunderstood by other travellers. I have ascertained that 
the key discovered to the ancient ^laya alphabet is the true one; 
a,nd by its means ^Irs. Le Plongeon and myself have been aljle to 
read the names of the founders, and those of the cities. I have 
found that this alphabet contains letters and characters beiongincj^ to 
:.he Egyptian, Etruscan and Chaldean alphabets ; also that the ^laya 
language is akin to all the ancient languages spoken by men in age3 
long gone by. ]My studies have caused me to believe that the found- 
ers of the first Chaldean monarchy were ^Maya, and probably the 
people \vho colonized Egypt and brought civilization to tliat country. 
You must remember that the Egyptian priests always [)(;inted to ti)e 
A' est wlicn asked concerning the birthplace of their ancestry. In 
tiie work which I am about to write concerning Yucatan, I hope to 

1882.] President Wilder's Address. 133 

be able to give in the shape of coincidences so many facts as to leave 
no dou'^t in the minds of intelligent people that, the cradle of the 
civilization of the world was the American continent. I advance 
no theory ; I merely bring facts face to face, leaving each of my 
readers to form their own o[)inions." 

Vse should also record the fact that the fate of the Jeannette, on 
her Arctic expedition, has been at last ascertained, she having been 
crushed by ice in latitude 77""' north. Two of three boats, with the 
survivors, have been heard fi-om, but the fate of the other is unknown. 
These various expeditions in search of more knowledge of the globe 
■which we inhabit, are noble illustrations of the daring enterprise 
and bold adventures of the present age, in search of any thing 
which may add to our present stock of geographical or scientific 

I have often spoken to you of the wonderful developments of the 
present century, but my pen fails to keep our record abreast with 
tiie progress of the age. And now, as we are treasuring up, by our 
numerous Centennial Anniversaries, a record of the important events 
and discoveries which have occurred within the last hundred years, 
let us for a moment recall to mind some of those wliich we, and 
others now living, have witnessed in our day. This period has been 
more distinguished for its marvellous discoveries, stupendous achieve- 
ments, and great advance in science, intelligence, and christian 
benevolence, than any which has preceded it for a thousand years. 
To apply this remark to our own country : — 

A hundred and six years ago, the people of the American colonics 
were the subjects of the British Crown. Xow they are the loyal 
citizens of the strongest and most prosperous republic of the 
world I 

A hundred years ago, the constitution of the United States had 
not been written, and it is only one hundred and one years since 
the government of our own blessed Commonwealth was organized. 

A hundred years ago, what are now the great central states west 
of Pennsylvania and New York were scarcely known on our maps 
except as territories. Then our Union consisted of only thirteen 
states ; now it embraces thirty-eight, almost treble its original num- 
ber, — and its boundary extends from ocean to ocean and from zone to 
zone, with a population which has increased in this period from 
four millions to over fifty millions of souls ! 

Although the power of steam had been known far back in the 
centuries, it is within the recollection of some when there was 
not a steam carriage, a steam boat, steam mill, steam printing-press 
or steam plough, not a loom or peg driven by steam, not a reap- 
ing or mowing machine, not a cast-iron [)Iough, and not a sewing 
niachine to grace the bouduir of the family home, in our broad land I 

A hundred years ago, John Fitch had not plied his little steamer 
on the Delaware at Philadelphia, and it is within the present century 

134 President Wilder s Address, [April, 

that the waters of tlie Iliulson were first ruffled by Fulton's steam- 
boat, the Cleremont, on its passage from New York to Albany. It 
is less than sixty years since steamers plied between Providence and 
New York. It is but fiftv years since the first steamship crossed the 
Atlantic to New York or to Boston, — now these wonders of the deep 
plough oceans and rivers by thousands : not a day in the year in 
which they do not arrive or depart from our ports, being scarcely less 
numerous than the sea-fowl that skim tlie waters by their side ! 

It is only fif\y-six years since the first railroad in xVmerica was 
built by Gridley Bryant, in Quincy, Mass., in 1826, tlie financial aid 
being furnished by our Col. Thomas H. Perkins. Fifty-two years 
ago, 1830, there were but twenty-three miles of railroad on this 
continent, — now multiplied to nearly one hundred thousand miles, 
about seven thousand of which have been built during the last year ! 

It is only about thirty years since the project for a railroad to the 
Pacific was first brought to the notice of the public, and it is less 
than thirteen years since the Union Pacific Pailroad was opened, 
that great highway for the nations of the world — all honor to the 
memory of Oakes Ames and his worthy associates ! 

Fifty years ago the grain crops of our country were not considered 
worthy of a place in the statistics of our nation ; now multiplied into 
more than two thousand millions of bushels — our annual crop — a 
crop sufficient to give nearly two bushels to every man, woman and 
child on the globe ! 

It is only fifty years since the first locomotive for transportation 
of passengers in this country was built by Peter Cooper, the venerable 
philanthropist, now living in New York ! 

One hundred years ago Samuel F. B. Morse had not been born, 
and it is less than fifty years since he completed the first electric tel- 
egraph in the United States — now used throughout the world — and 
suggested in a letter to the Secretary of the Treasury the project of 
the Atlantic Telegraph. It is only about sixteen years since the first 
Atlantic cable, working successfully, was laid across the ocean by 
the bold enterprise and indomitable energy of Cyrus W. Field, both 
sons of this commonwealth, and to whom, more than to any 
other men, the world is indebted for these blessings of our age ! 

It is less than ten years since the Telephone became the medium 
of vocal intercourse in the manifold interests of commerce and daily 
business life. It is only a few years since the speaking Telephone 
was introduced into this city, that little mysterious agent through 
whose ear men fur and wide may converse, as with a friend sitting 
by their side. It is only six years since experiments with electric 
light were brought to puljlic notice here — the electric light, which 
turns night into day, and by its revivifying rays forces vegetation to 
continue its growth without the solar heat or peep of day ! 

One hundred years ago Daguerre had not seen the light of day. 
It is less than fifty years since he made known publicly his wonderful 

1882.] President Wilder s Address. 135 

invention, by wlilch, with a single ray of light, he could imprint on 
the pjicre the likeness of yourselt* and all around you, and which may 
yet paint on the canvas, in prismatic changes as bright as those which 
tint our fruits and lowers ! 

It is only thirty-five years since the use of ether, that heaven-sent 
messenger for the relief of pain during surgical operations and other 
human suffering, was first publicly made known by Dr. AV. T. G. 
Morton at the Massachusetts General Hospital in this city ! 

Nothing is more astonishing than the manifold and multifarious 
issues of the press. When Franklin worked with his rude liand-press, 
where now are the spacious rooms of the Boston Daily Advertiser, 
he printed ovAy ^'iQ\y \\\\x\i\vG^ co\n^io^ tixe JS'ew England C our ant in 
a day, — now the modern press throws off fifteen thousand in an hour, 
or more tiian one-hundred thousand in a day. Then there was not a 
maa:azine Dul)lished in New Enoiand ; now, to sav nuthino^ of the 
millions of books, they may be numbered by legion ! 

It is within the recollection of many present when the postage on 
a single letter was twentv-five cents for over four hundred miles, 
— now reduced to three cents, and to one cent for a postal card, to 
any part of the United States, of which cards more than a hundred 
millions are issued annually ; and, what is remarkable, our postal 
stamps exceed in number those of any other nation in the world ! 
!More marvellous still, the postal correspondence of the United States, 
which in 1790 was less than one-third of a million, has in ninety 
years increased to more than one thousand millions, as will be seen 
by the report of the Postmaster-General for the last year. 

It is not a hundred years since there was not a historical, mission- 
ary, temperance, agricultural or horticultural society on this conti- 
nent ; now they may be counted by thousands, all working in their 
several spheres under the power of association — the great motive 
power which drives the engine of progress and improvement in this 
present century ! 

Twenty years ago our nation was submerged in the greatest civil 
war ever known in history — the foul stain of human bondage still 
clinging to her skirts. Now its happy millions recline together in 
peace and safety under the shade of our American tree of Liberty 
— all rejoicing; in the blessings of union and universal freedom — 
Frekdom for all ! Freedom forever I 

But I must not prolong this strain of thought. Time would fail 
and your patience would be exhausted, were I to enumerate but a 
tithe of the educational, scientific, industrial, sanitary, charitable and 
reformatory institutions which have been established in our own New 
Kngland during the present century ; for the insane, the blind, deaf 
and dumb ; for the prevention of cruelty to animals and to children, 
and the numerous forms for relieving human suffering and the promo- 
tion of the hap{)ines8 of mankind. Nor will I attempt to portray the 
acquisitions and glory of the present age. It clamors to know more 

136 President Wilder' s Address, [April, 

than the generations whicli have preceded it, more of the mysteries 
of nature and of the agencies which keep this wondrous world in 
action. Man is eager for progress ; his eye is not satisfied with see- 
ing, his ear with licaring, nor his hand with feehng. His soul is ever 
thirsting, longing, for more and more of the ineffahle knowledge 
which surrounds the throne of heaven. Xo disappointment or failure 
shakes his hope or dampens his ardor. On he moves, — 

♦'From seemins^ evil still educing good. — 
And better thence again, and better still, 
In infinite progression." 

Science proclaims her triumphs over nature. Genius seizes on 
the discovery, and enterprise, ever on the wing, catches the first 
glimpse of progress, and flies with telephonic speed to make known 
throughout the earth anything that may contribute to the eleva- 
tion and happiness of our race. Mountains are tunnelled, conti- 
nents canalled, the globe enclasped with iron sinews, scarcely less 
numerous or sensitive tfian the arteries of the human system, through 
and over whicli the d;dly news, the tide of humanity, tlie ceaseless 
throb of industry, the pulse of commerce, and the thoughts of mil- 
lions, course for the benefit of mankind. Every year l)rings forth 
new developments by which the elements of nature are made subser- 
vient to the use of man ; and ere the golden trumjiet of progress 
lias ceased to vibrate on our ear, we hear the shrill bugle-blast 
in the distance heralding another and still greater iiuprovement soon 
to come. 

These are some of the wonders which we have witnessed during the 
present century ! But why m:u-vcl? They are but the opening of 
that great book of nature which is constantly unfolding to us some 
of the benevolent designs which God has in store for the educa- 
tion, elevation and happiness of- the human family. I would not, my 
friends, always be singing the same song, or harping on the same 
theme ; but when I reflect upon the grand developments in oi'ir own 
day, and especially in our own land — so young in the history of na- 
tions — a land so rich in everything that pertains to material resources 
and power, the first great national defender of human right, and on 
which Providence has bestowed such signal blessings — I feel that 
it is not my song; it is ''The Lord's song*' in a new land. 

A^'hile we would not exult in the greatness and glory of our na- 
tion, we wouM faithfully transmit to future generations some record 
of its continued growth, and the development of its material re- 
sources under the inliuence of our free instituti(jns, — the free school, 
that bulwark of our national strength — the pul[}it, the almoner of 
christian civilization,' the principles of which nuist ever con-^iitute 
the basis of self-government and the highest hopes of tlie human 
race. These, together with the reduplication of our population, 
are among the wonders of the world. We have but just passed the 
centennial of our existence as an independent nation, which at its 

1882.] President Wilder s Address. 137 

bef'inning embraced onlj about four millions of souls ; now we have 
more than fifty millions, and still the tide of humanity is surging 
over our land. But who can tell wliat its swell will be when ano- 
ther century shall have elapsed, or before some now living shall 
have passed away ! Should there be a decennial increase of less than 
twenty per cent., or less than two per cent, a year, there will tlien 
be more than two hundred and fifty millions of people in our bor- 
ders. But what shall then be the condition of this now free llepub- 
lic? What its limit or its power ! With a country so vast in terri- 
tory, so varied in climate, so fertile in soil, in whose mountains are 
buried treasures of inexhaustible wealth, and with every element for 
the support of hundreds of millions more — or to stretch the eye of 
faith still further, when the Dominion on our north, enual in extent 
to our own, shall become one with us, in interest and in destiny, 
and shall be filled with an enlightened and industrious population — 
then ! Oh then I who can tell us what the harvest shall then be? 

These predictions may seem exaggerated, and our hopes visionary, 
but with continued union, peace and prosperity, the training up of 
the rising generations in the principles of piety, patriotism and phi- 
lanthropy, — in family discipline, in private virtue and official integ- 
rity, — our country will go on prospering and to prosper, rising 
higher and higher in the scale of human acfjuisitions, and rejoicing 
in the arts of peace and the enjoyments which flow from christian 
civilization, ^o people have ever before taken upon themselves such 
mighty responsibilities for the welfare of the human race ; and to no 
nation is the world so much indebted as to this favored land of oura, 
for the blessings of civil and religious freedom, which were first 
planted on these shores. How prophetic were the lines of Bishop 
Berkeley, written a hundred and fifty years ago, concerning the future 
greatness and glory of this land : — 

"There shall be sun? another eolden Age, 
The rise of Empire and of Arts, 
The Good and Great inspiring epic Rage, 
The wisest Heads and noblest Ilearts." 

We would not always be philosophizing on this subject, but every 
year brings to our view such wonderful acquisitions, we are compel- 
led as it were to pause and inquire — What next? Should the num- 
ber of our discoveries, the mao:nitude of their importance, the pro- 
gress of invention, and intellectual power, be compared with the 
acquisitions of the last fifty years, who can describe the grandeur 
of our nation on the panorama of the globe? When I look forward 
to the possibilities and probabilities in the future of our liepublic, 
its extent of territory, its amazing resources, the daring enter[)rise of 
its people, all united in the bonds of fraternal regard, I feel the 
force of Mr. Gladstone's words lately uttered by me in another place 
— " The American Republic has a territory fitted to be the base of 
the largest continuous empire ever established by man. I am proud 


138 William Coddington. [April, 

of America and her physical capacity." Glorious words indeed, 
but not more glorious than they are prophetic of the future greatness 
of our American Eepublic ! 

Thus may our country go on in the fulfilment of its divine mis- 
sion — our prayers ever ascending to the God of nations that he 
would preserve us from discord and disunion — and as star after star 
shall be added to the constellation of our national banner — not one 
fallen or lost — so may tliese sister states, to the end of time, be 
clustered together in a union of sympathy, interest and love — a 
union with hearts to cherish and hands to defend it, — a union on 
whose shield shall ever be inscribed, in letters of living light, those 
great principles which have mnde us what we are — Liberty, EquaLt- 
iTY, Justice, and Faith ix God. 

Let us then take fresli courage, and press on in the prosecution of 
our noble work ; treasuring up every thing which may pertain to the 
history of our native land and the advancement of the human race ; 
and althouirh our heads mav become bald, our locks whitened bv the 
snows of age, tlie eye dim and the cheek furrowed, the step feeble 
and the blood coursing more slowly in our veins, yet the heart shall 
warm with undying gratitude to the Giver of all Good, for the 
blessings which he has bestowed on this favored land of Liberty, 
Progress and Power. Let us work on cheerfully, hopefully and 
joyously — filling up time with duty to God and to man — so that the 
sunset of our lives shall be radiant with the hopes of a glorious 
to-morrow, so that the record we may make shall leave 

No sting in the heart of memory, 
No stain on the wing of time. 


Resistance by iini axd others in Lincolnshire to the Royal 

Loan, 162G-7. 

Coramanicated by David Kino, M.D., of Nevrport, R. I. 

IN a letter by William Coddington, governor of Rhode Island, to 
Gov. Leverett of Massachusetts, in the year 1674, we find nar- 
rated some particulars of his life. Speaking of Ins early days in 
1627, in Boston, Lincolnshire, he says: "We persecuted not but 
stood together for the public good." "I was one of those many 
Lincolnshire Gentlemen that denied the Royal Loan, and sufiTered 
for it in King Charles the first Days." This circumstance occurred 
ten years before the celebrated trial of Hampden. Desirous of illus- 
trating this fact in Coddington's life, I requested my excellent friend 
B. Beedham, Esq., of Ashford House, near Kimbolton, England, to 
explore the subject by means of the State Calendars. Mr. Beedham 
was very successful, as will appear from the following exposition, 
now presented for the first time to the readers of the Register. 

1882.] William Coddington, 139 

vij° Marcij 1G26 at Lincoln. 
The names of such Coinissioners as refused to lend his ma^'^ any mony 
in his tyme of necessytie, or to enter bond for there appearance at the Coun- 
sell bord, according to the instruccons. 
S' John AVray Barronett 
S'" Willm Army" Barronett 
S' Thomas Grantham Knight 
Sir Edward Ascoug^ 

Willm Anderson Esq' ., ■>*' 

"Willm Tharrold Esquier ' .-»,i^.; 

S'' Thomas Darnell 

S' Anthony Irbie Knight refused to lend, but did enter bond for his ap- 
pearance at the counsell boarde the xxiij*'^ of this instant March. [This 
entry is crossed out with a pen in the original, but is still legible.] 

[Indorsed in contemporary hand] 
Loaue in Lincolneshire 
Refractorie p'sons 
vij° Marcij 1626 

Notes. — The orifrinal'is found in vol. 56 for the reiirn of Charles I. of the State 
Papers, Doniestic Scries, and is numbered 39 in thatvoiame. In the printed Calen- 
dar the first date is given as March 6, but in the original it is thus, vij"^, which is 
clearly 7. 

The old print, as to date, 7th March, 1G26, is, of course, accordin.or to our reck- 
oniD?, 1627, the year then beginning not until 25th March. 6a in the printed Cal- 
endar this document appears under 1627. 

Att Lincoln 9 March 1626 

John Whitincfe, raaior of Boston, beinge formeily called before his ma" 
Commissioners, & by them required to ayde his ma"^ in this w^ay of loane, 
and havino^e refused, was ao-aine called before vs whose names are vnder- 
written, and demanded if he still contynued in the same mynde, an- 
swered he did. And that he would not lend any mony in this kinde, And 
beinge told by the Commissioners that such as refused & contynued in that 
mynde, incurred his ma'' highe displeasure ; Nevertheles he still refused ; 
And beinge required to become bounde by obligacon to his ma''*^ in the 
Some of thfty pounds for his appearance before the Lordps of his ma^' most 
hoble privie Counsell at Whitehall the xix*^ day of this instant, alsoe re- 
fused to be bounde. 

Edward Tilsou, Alderman of Boston havincr* as much sayde vnto him as 
was sayde to the Mayor, refused to lend the Kinge so small a Some as xx*, 
or to so enter bond for his appearance. 

Atterton Howghe of Boston refused to lend or enter bond for his appear- 
ance, & sayde that if he suifered, he did obey. 

Edniond Jackson of Boston refused to lend, or enter into bond for his 

Beniamea Diconson of Boston refused to lend or enter into bond for his 

1 liomas Leverett of Boston refused to lend or to become bounde for his 
Jip[" iruiice. 

l-''n,;ts Lowe of Boston refused to lend, or to enter into bond for his 

1 l»"tn;is Tooly of Boston refused to lend or to enter into bond for his 

140 William Coddington. [April, 

John Coppyn of Boston refused to lend y* small Some of xx.* or to enter 
into bond for his appearance. 

Willm Coddington of Boston refused to lend, or to enter into bond for his 

Willm Condy of Boston refused to lend the small some of xx* or to en- 
ter into bond for his appearance. 

Kichard Westland of Boston refused to lend or enter bond. 

[In marpiliu, opposite Richard] 12 in Boston refused. 

Thomas Godfrey of Grantham esquier refused to lend or to become bounde 
for his appearance. 

Christopher Hart of Tattershall refused to lend or enter into bond for his 
appearance ; bycause he sau* so many emynent men refuse. 

Thomas Bedle of Tattershall refused to lend or enter into bond for his 

[An entry of two lines erased, and now quite illegible, and in margin] 
Aveland consents by M' Jo. Turrold of Morton esqr to pay xl'. 

John Wyncopp of Kirkby vnderwoode refused to lend, or enter into bond 
for his appearance. 

Willm riarbie the elder of Billinsborow refused to lend, or enter into 
bond for his appearance. 

Williii Diconson of Billingborow refused to lend or enter into bond for 
his appearance. 

John Diconson of Billingborow refused to lend or enter into bond for 
his appearance, but sayth that in the way of a pliament he will give any 

[An entry of ten lines erased, and in margin] consents. 

[A similar entry Erased, and in margin] submitts &; consents 

Edward Chamberlayne of tlblkington refused to lend or to enter into 
bond for his appearance. 

Thomas Walcott of Walcott gent, refused to lend or enter into bond for 
his appearance. 

[An entry of three and a quarter lines erased and in margin] consents 
& conformes himself. 

Edward Chamberlayne of Newton refused to lend or enter in bond for 
his appearance. 

Nehemiah Rawson of Revesbie refuseth to lend or enter in bond for his 

All these men abouewritten had as much sayde unto them seve- 
rally, as is sett downe to be saide to the Maior of Boston. 

[On another sheet, but part of the same document.] 

x" marcii 1C26 

S' Thomas Darnell of Appleby Barronett beinge asked by the Com- 
missioners if he contynued in the same mynde he was for not lending** his 
ma'*® mony in his tyme of necessytie, refused to lend any, & beinge told that 
8uch as refuse doe incurre the Kings hlghe displeasure, he answered, he 
hoped he should have the liberty of a subiect to dispose his mony & estate 
at his pleasure. And beinge require*! to enter bond for his appearance be- 
fore the lords of his ma" hoble privie Counsell at Whitehall the xxij'^ day 
of this instant march. Refused. 

Jarvase Scroope of Cokerington esqr beinge required in the same man- 
ner to lend. Refused ; And did enter bond for his appearance at the coun- 
sell boarde the xxij'^ day of this instant march. 

1§82.] William Coddington. 141 

Willm Skjnner of Thornton colleclge Esq refused to lend, or enter into 
bond for his appearance. 

John Broxholme of Barrowe esquier refused to lend or enter into bond 
for his appearance. 

Thomas Harvie of Kirton in holland refused to lend or enter into bond 
for Ills appearance. 

Thomas ffranklin of Kirton in holland refuseth to lend or enter into bond 
for his appearance. 

Robert Roe of Algarkirk refused to lend or enter bond for his appear- 
ance. And is dismissed of the travnd band, & pressed by the Earle of 
Rutland to serve in the warres w*^' the Kinge of Denmark. 

Matthew Ivirk of Algarkirk refused to lend or enter bond. 

Robert Palmer of Algarkirk refused to lend the Kinge any mony, or en- 
ter bond for his appearance. 

John Pakie of Sutterton refused to lend, or enter bond. 

Daniel! Maior of Sutterton refused to lend, or enter bond. 

Wilim Ilowson of Sutterton refused to lend, or enter bond. 

Richard Tunnerd of Sutterton refused to lend, or enter bond. 

John Randall of Sutterton refused to lend, or enter bond. 

Abraham Metcalfe of Sutterton refuseth to lend, or enter bond. 

Josias Sympson of Sutterton refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

Hughe Hewetson of Sutterton refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

Thomas Baker of Sutterton refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

John Baker of Sutterton refuseth to lend or enter bond. ' 

Robert Picklield of Sutterton refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

John Browne of Sutterton refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

Willm Ambrose of Sutterton refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

Thomas JeofFrey of Gosberton refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

AVillm Howett of Donyngton in Holland refuseth to lend or enter bond". 

Josua Cust of Pinchbeck refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

Willm Harvie of' Pinchbeck refuseth to lend or enter bond, and beinge 
remanded vppon his alleagance to appear before the lords of the counsel] 
at Whitehall on the xxij^ of this moneth ; Refused. 

James Rawlins of Pinchbeck (gardian for the heires of Nicholas Gaunte) 
refuseth to lend, or enter bond. 

Tirringham Norwoode of Spaldinge Esquier refuseth to lend or enter 
bond for his appearance. [In margin, opposite this name] This man is 
BUS[»ected to have diswaded the contry. 

John Welby of Moulton esq sent his refusall by his servant Robert 
Wei by. 

John Mason of Moulton refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

Thomas Welby of fframpton refuseth to lend or enter bond, and was 
comanded to appeare at the counsell boarde at Whitehall the xxij'^' of 
this instant March. Refused. 

Thomas Palmer of Holbech refused to lend o"" enter bond. And was Com- 
anded to appeare at the counsell borde the xxij'^ of this instant march. 

Joell Stowe of Holbech refused to lend, or enter bond and was Comand- 
ed to appeare at the Counsell boarde at Whitehall the xxij"" of this, instant 

Richard Parke of fileete refused to lend or enter bond, and is Comanded 
to appeare at the Counsell boarde the xxij**^ of this instant March. 

Kdwarde Cogges of fileete refused to lend or enter bond and is Comand- 
VOL. xixv. 13* 

14:2 William Coddington. [April, 

ed to appeare at the Counsell boarde at Whiteliall the xxij^ of this instant 

Thomas Beckett of flleete refused to lend, or enter bond and is Comand- 
ed to appeare at the Counsell boarde at Whitehall the xxij*"^ of this instant 

Theophilus Hurableton of ffleete refuseth to lend or enter bond, and is 
comanded to appeare at the Counsell boarde at Whitehall the xxij^'^ of this 
instant March. 

Willni Watson of ffleete refuseth to lend, or enter bond and is Comanded 
to appeare at the Counsell boarde at W^hitehall the xxij'^ of this instant 

Willm Palmer of ffleete refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

[Two lines erased and in margin opposite] he consents & submits. 

Richard Gun of Sutton St. James refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

Euben Parke of Sutton Lutton refuseth to lend or enter bond. 

68 refuse. 
S*" John Wray 
S'' Thomas Grantham \- Gatehouse 


S'' Kdward Aschough 

S' William Army° ] 

S' Thomas Darnell j 

William Anderson Esq and )- ffleete 

The Maio' of Boston I 

Alderman Tilson J 

William Tarold Esquier ] -.^ t, i 

^- 1 TT r r Marshalsey 

^Norwood Esq' j -^ 

[Indorsed in contemporary hand] 

Notes. — The answer of John Diconson is worthy of notice. He would give nothing 
in this illei,^\l way, but whatsoever a Parliament might impose he would willingly 
pay. The commi.ssioners for the loan, several of whum themselves refused payment, 
and suffered imprisonment on account of their refusal, would gladly repeat this 

There is no parish of " Sutton Lutton " either in Lincolnshire or elsewhere ; the 
clerk evidently has made a mistake. Besides Sutton St. James, there are in Lincoin- 
ghiie three puri.-hes ; Sutton St. Edmunds, Lon:^ barton or Sutton St. Mary's, and 
vSutton iji the Marsh. There i.s also the hamlet of Sutton Bourne in the parish of 
Long Sutton. 

The uncommon name here written Wyncopp Ls still found in Lincolnshire under 
the form of Whincup. 

Alterations must have been made in the original after the "68 refuse" .wa3 

The " trayned band" was equivalent to the militia of the present day. John 
(iilpin was •' a train-band Captain," at one time, we know. Poor Robert 
Roe fared badly, beino^ "' pressed " into the King's .\rmy. The (jatehuuse, liie Fleet 
and The Marsnalsea were well-known prisons to which the»e gentlemen were com- 
mitted. This Copy is literal, ut course, and the punctuation (or absence of it) in 
the original is adhered to. " Holland " is one of the three " Parts " into which 
the county of Lincoln is divided, the other two being Kesteren and Lindsey. 

May it please your Lo^^ 

At my being at Glocester I certifyed y"": Lo^^ of our proceedings then 
in the Loane to his Ma*'^: and return'd the names of such Gentlemen as 
then refus'd to subscribe or lend, and though at that place we had inditier- 
ent successe with the inferiour sort; scarce any denying but such as wee then 

ISS2.'] Henry and John Rolfe, 143 

inford y'. lo^': of yet in other parts of that Shire wee found many tliat did re- 
fuse. I cannot say that the example of the first refifsers occasioned the 
den vail of others for wee could not discouer any combination or plott, but the 
miiubers were great ; and the most eminent of them wee haue charg'd vppou 
their alleagiance to be ready to appeare ^Yhensoeaer they shall he call'd. a 
h'st of which as likewise the bonds shall be sent vp witii all conuenient speed. 
Since that time we linde the refusers not only to multiply in numbei'S, but 
to be farr more refractory than the former ; insomuch as they refuse to sub- 
scribe, lend or to be bound to appeare before the Councell to answeare their 
contempts. Their names I haue sent here inclosed and referre them to y^• 
\o^^ whither the denyall of the gentlemen at first or their impunity hitherto, 
haue more occasioned the obstinancy of soe many, and imboldned the inferi- 
our ranks to make such peremptory refusalls, I must remitt to y': Lo^': 
lodgments, only I thiuke it my duty to offer one thinge to y"" considerations. 
That if ther be not some instant and speedy course taken with such as haue 
soe bouldly denyed, whither the seruice which remaines to be done may not 
suffer (I will not say totally) in a great part of what otherwise might be ex- 
pected, howsoeuer I shall continue in the same course and will endeauour all 
good wayes and meanes that may conduce to his rvla^'*^': ends. I haue imparted 
to the Coiiiissioners and others his Ma''-': gracious acceptance of their la- 
bours, and haue sent y''. lo^^': a List of such as haue been most industrious 
in this seruice in the seuerall diuisions. I shall humbly desire y^: lo^^^ to 
signify y'": pleasure to me concerning these dangers that I may proceed ac- 
cordingly with the rest. Soe I remaine euer 

Att y°'. loPP' seruice 

Teuxbury "W. Northampton 

March. 2 

[Addressed] To the right Honorable the Lords of his Ma*"^': most Hon- 
orable Privy Councell these 

[Indorsed] Lre from the Earle of Northampton concerning the clothiers 
generall refuse. [In another hand] The Clothiers generaly refuse. 

State Papers. Domestic, vol. 56 of Charles I. Original. 


By Henry Rolfe, Esq., of Boston. 

AMONG the early emigrants from England to America were two bro- 
thers, Henry and John Rolfe, and a sister. As is the case with most 
of the New England immigrants, we find no record of when or where 
Henry and his wife Honour, with probably two or three children, lauded. 

1. Hexry^ Rolfe's name is on the list of the proprietors of the lands 
of Newbury in 1612 ; and he died early in 1613. AVe find no record of his 
being admitted a freeman, perhaps owing to his early death. His wife died 
at the house of Thomas Blanchard in Charlestown in 1650. They ha<i : 

i- Ann, b. about 1C2G in England ; m. first. Thomas Blanchard, two child- 
ren ; m. second, Richard G;i.rdner, of" W'oburn, ten children. 
ii. Hannau, b. in Erii^iand ; m. Richard Dole in 1047. 

2. iii. JouN, b. in En^iland probably. 

3. iv. Benjamin, b. 1038, in Newbury. 

IM Henry and John Rolfe. [April, 

Both daughters of Henry and Honour Rolfe left a numerous posterity, and 
the descendauts of Hannah live on the old Dole homestead. For the de- 
scendants of Ann. by her last husband, see '* Descendants of Richard Gard- 
ner," Boston, 1858. See also Wyman's Charlestown, i. 91 and 3'J9. 

2. JoHN^ Rolfe {^Henry'^) married in 1G56 Mary Scullard, and lived a 
short time in Newbury, then removed to Nantucket, and thence to that part 
of Cambridge now Arlington. He bought the "Cook Mills" of Edward 
Collins, attorney for the daughter of the former owner, who- had gone back 
to England. The deed to him is witnessed by his brother Benjamin, and 
his brothers-in-law, Ricliard Dole and Richard Gardiner. He died in 1681 
in Newbury, at the house of his brother. He had : 

i. Mary, b. Nov. 2, 16r)8 ; d. Dec._ 10, 1658, in Newbury. 

ii. Mary, b. Jan. 16, 16.39-60, in Newbury. 

ill. Rebecca, b. Feb. 9, 16()l-62, in Newbury ; m. William Cutter. 

iv. John, b. March 5. 1663-4. in Nantucket. 

V. Samuel, b. March 8, 1665-6. in Nantucket. 

vi. Sarah, b. Dec. 2, 1667, in Nantucket. 

vii, Joseph, b. March 12, 1669-70, in Nantucket. 

viii. Hannah, b. Feb. 5, 1671-2, in Nantucket. 

ix. Benjam[n, b. Feb. I, ur/3-4, in Cauibrluge ; ui. Margaret Holland. 

X. Henry, b. Sept. 26, 1673, in Cambridge. 

xi. MosES. b. Oct. 11, 1681, 13 days after his fi\ther's death ; m. Mary Hale 

in New Jersey, where all the boys settled. Of the ^^irL-", except Ke- 

becca, I find no trace. 

3. Bexjamin' (Bcnrt/^) married in 1C59 Apphia Hale, daughter of 
Thomas Hale, of Newbury, and settled on the homestead. His second son, 
Rev. Benjamin, was killed by the Indians in 1708 at Haverhill. They had: 

i. John, b. Oct. 12, 1660; m. Dorothy Nelson in 1689-90. 

ii. Benjamin, b. Sept. 13, 1662 ; m. Mehitable Atwater in 1693-4. 

iii. Hannau, b. , 1664-65 ; m. John Wliipple. 

iv. Apphia, b. March 3, 1667; m. John Jepsjn. 

V. Mary, b. Sept. 16, 1669. Died young. 

vi. Samuel, b. Jan. 14, 1672-3 : ra. Martha Jepson. 

vii. Mary, b. Nov. II, 1674. Died young. 

viii. Henry, b. Oct. 12, 1677; m. Hannah Tappan. 

ix. Elizabeth, b. Dec 15, 1679: m. Eieazer Putnam. 

X. Nathaniel, b. Nov, 12, 1681 ; m. xVnna Tappan. 

x'l. Abigail, b. May 5, 1684 ; m. Nathaniel Baardman. 

xii. A daughter, b. , 1635. 

JOHN^ RoLFE, brother of Henry, "came in 1038 from Melchet-Park, 
CO. Wilts, in the snip Confi'lence, aged 50, with wife Ann and daughter 
Esther and servant Thomas Whittier," as per Savage, voL 3, p. 571. TSee 
also Register, xiv. 335.] Pie settled in Salisbury ; and from his will we 
learn that he had three daughters. His wife died in 164:<3 or '-±7, and he 
died in 1GG4. He had : 

i. , b. in England ; m. -f^ing. 

ii. Esther, b. in England; in. John Snundere. 

iii. Sarah, b. ; m. first. William Cottie, and second or third, John 


The sister of Henry* and John* Rolfe, as we learn from their wills, 
married Thomas Whittier, of Haverhill, but as the records of that town 
call his wife's name " Ruth Green," she must have been either a half sister 
to Rolfe, or a widow (Green) when she married Whittier. John Rolfe in- 
his will expressly rsames two of Whittier's sons as my " sisters sons." The 
writer will be phrased to hear from the descendants of Ann' Rolfe and of 
the daughters of Jolm^ Rolfe. 

1882.] Incorrect Latitudes. 145 





By the Rev. Edmund F. Slaptek, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

n^'^HE progress of geography, as a science, has been dependent, 
-1- in all its stages, upon that of astronomy. The latter, the purest 
and most exact of all the sciences, advanced at first but slowly, and 
was many weary centuries in coming to its present state of perfec- 
tion. Climates, their peculiar products both in the animal and 
vegetable kingdoms, the shadows cast by objects in the sun noted at 
different hours of the day and at different seasons of the year, the 
length of the longest and the length of the shortest days, their ad- 
vance, culmination and recession, were the chief elements at first for 
determining the relations of the earth to the heavenly bodies. About 
six hundred years before the coming of Christ, Thales described 
the earth by dividing it into zones. Parallels of latitude were in- 
troduced by Eratosthenes, but the graduation into degrees of latitude 
and fractions of a degree was invented by Hipparchus, a century and 
a half before the Christian era. The principles, on which these 
lines or divisions were determined, were thus understood at an early 
period, but. practical difficulties were encountered which it was not 
easy to overcome. Extraordinary errors in that rude stage of the 
science were introduced, and somedmes perpetuated for many cen- 
turies. An error of more than two degrees in the latitude of Con- 
etantinople, the ancient Byzantium, crept into the geography of 
Ptolemy, composed about a hundred and fifty years after Christ, and 
remained uncorrected for more than fourteen centuries. In 1594: 
the latitude of London was found to be fifteen minutes less than it 
had been computed to be and laid down on the maps ; and the city 
was consequently fifteen geographical miles further south on the ter- 
restrial globe than had hitherto been supposed. Anterior to 1664, 
the most distinguished astronomers differed as to the latitude of 
Paris, the widest variation being not less than sixteen minutes. In 
the reign of Louis XIV. the map of France was revised under the 
direction of the government, and was so much abridged at many 
points, that the king facetiously upbraided the royal surveyors for 
depriving him of an important part of his kingdom. 

»» hile the discovery and correction of such errors as these in the 
Last, on the continent of Europe, and in Great Britain, were going 
forward, the voyagers, explorers, and the chroniclers of our early 

146 Incorrect Latitudes, [April, 

history, were placing upon record the latitude, according to their 
best means of ascertaining it, at numberless points, from the Grand 
Banks, the capes and bays of Newfound hmd, the Gulf of St. Law- 
rence, the borders of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the Bay of 
Fundy, the coast of New Enghand, and along the Athuitic shores 
stretching down to the inlets and estuaries of our Suuthern States. 
To the student of our earhest history it is a question of great inter- 
est, and likewise of some importance, to know whether tliese records 
are trustworthy, whether they can be implicitly relied upon, or, on 
the other hand, whether they are erroneous, and, if they are errone- 
ous, to what extent. Fortunately we have to-day the means at our 
command of determining this question witli absolute precision. Until 
within the last few years, certainly until within the memory of the pre- 
sent generation, it has been impossible for any scholar of our early 
history to test the accuracy of these recorded latitudes. But this diffi- 
culty no longer exists.' Charts emanating from tlie office of the 
United States Coast Survey at Washington, and from the Admi- 
ralty Office iu England, have been constructed after the most care- 
ful and scientific surveys, made by authority of government, 
under favorable circumstances and by the most skilful and experi- 
enced engineers. By collating the early recorded latitudes with 
these charts, or others carefully copied from them, it will not be 
difficult to determine with exactness where and to what degree errors 

We propose therefore to exhibit on the following pages a colla- 
tion of these latitudes with the modern charts just referred to, in 
cases sufficiently numerous, taken at different points and at different 
times, and by differeni hydrographers and surveyors, to show not 
only whether errors exist, but if so, whether they are uniform or 
vary by any fixed and determinate laws. 

We proceed therefore to give, in the following references, first, 
the name of the ])lace whose latitudes we have collated ; second, the 
early latitude with its source ; third, the true latitude and the author- 
ity on which it rests ; and, lastly, the amount of the error, if any be 

Akticosti, a large island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, north-west 
end, Lat. 50^, as given by John Alp!ionse\ 15^:2, Hakluyt's Voy- 
ages, Vol. ill. p. 292.. True Latitude 49^ 53', according to the 
Admiralty Charts, Captain H. W. Bayfield o^ tho. Koyal Navy. 
Error, 7 minntes. 

Advocate's Harbor, Bay of Fundy, Lat. 45^ 40', Cham-' 
plains Voyages, 1613, Otls's Trans. Prince Society ed., Vol. ii. 
p. 25. True Latitude 45^ 20', Admiralty Charts, Captain P. 
F, Shortland, Koyal Navy. Error, 20 minutes. 

> Instrnments and mctliods are at the present time so perfect, that, if one skilled in tha 
gcience were blindfolded and carried to any point on the ^'lobe, he would be able, in the space 
of a few hours, to determine bis position within a hundred yards. 

1882.] Incorrect Latitudes. 147 

Bangor, !Maine, Lat. 45° 25', Champlains Voyages^ 1()13, 
Prince Soc. ed., Vol. ii. p. 46. True Latitude 44° 45', Charts 
of United States Coa^t Surveij. Error, 40 minutes. 

Boston, Mass., Lat. 42° 10', John Dunton's Letters, 1686, 
Prince Soc. ed., p. i}>Q>. Lat. 42° 30', John Josseh/ns 2^ew Lng. 
Rarities, 1672, Tuckerman's ed., p. 33. Lat. 42° 30', ''Alma- 
nack of coelestial motions for tlie Year of the Christian Epocha, 
1681, by Joh}i Foster, Astrophile. Calcuhited for the Meridian 
of Boston in ^New-Enirhmd, where the Arctick Pole is elevated 42 
Degrees & 30 Minutes."' True Latitude 42° 21', Charts of 
United States Coast Survey. Error for the first, 11 minutes; 
for the second and third, 9 minutes. 

Brant Point, ^larshtield, Mass., Lat. 42° 45', Champlains 
Voyages, 1613, Prince Soc. ed., Yol. ii. p. 76. True Latitude 
42° 5', Charts of United States Coast Survey. Error, 40 

Bkyon Island, entrance to Gulf of St. Lawrence, Lat. 47° 30', 
Jacques Cartier, 1535, Brief Recit, D'Avezac, ed., p. 45, verso. 
True Latitude 47° 4:b', Admiralty Charts, Capt. Bayfield. 
Error, 18 minutes. 

Cap de La IIeve, Xova Scotia, Lat. 44° 5', Champlains Voy- 
ages, 1613, Prince Soc. ed., Yol. ii. p. 10. True Latitude 44° 
11', Charts of Ilydrographic Ofiice, United States. Error, 6 

Cap des Monts nostre Dame, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Lat. 49°, 
John Alphonse, 1542, Plakluyt, Yol. iii. p. 292. True Latitude 
49° 18', Admiralty Charts, Captain Bayfield. Error, 18 

De :\Iont's Island, St. Croix River, Maine, Lat. 45° 20', 
Champlains Voyages, 1613, Prince Soc. ed., pp. 33, 34. True 
Latitude 45° 7', Admiralty Charts, Capt. Shortktnd. Error, 
13 minutes. 

Elizabeth's Island, Cuttyhunk in Yineyard Sound, Mass., 
Lat. 41° 10', Gabriel Archer', l'6{)2, Purcha's Pilixrims, Yol. iv. 
p. 1649. Bartholomew Gosnold's Letter to his father, Sept. 

' In the last part of Foster's Almanac for 1681, the followin;:^ note is introduced : *• The 
Reader is desired to take notice that our Latitude iiere in Boston, hitherto reputed to iie 
42 ffr. 30 min. is hy tictter Observations found not to exceed 42 gr. 2i m. of ivhich you may 
expect the certainty by ti.e next opportunity." Mr. Fo>tL'r a graduate of Harvard 
College in the cla-s of 16'J7, a fam<>us school-master of Dorche-tcr, and t'ue thst printer in 
Boston. He was -tvled an " iniri-nious Mathematician and Printer. " Vide Srbl'i/s Har- 
vard Graduates, \o\. ii. p. 2'li. Mr. Fo;tt.'r died in 1'>S2. and his Almanac tor yeitr, 
which he left iiicr)nipletc. ilid not give the ia.tifude of Boston. The same latitude, 42^ .'iO', 
continued to be given in the Almanacs until 168o. when it was stared to be 42^21'. Afrer 
the year IfiSfS, however, it fell hnck to 42° 30'. But in IGL'O, in Harvard's Ephcmeris or 
Almanac by H. Newman, the latitude of Cambridge, where it wa'^ publi>h('d, i^ giv.^n as 
42° 27'. B'ut the same year, in the Almanac of .John Tully, the latitude of Bostr)n is still 
given as 42° 30', and so rontinucfl tiU 17(d. Mr. Tully died in 1702. In 17<'7, Nathaniel 
Whittemorf's Almanac make> the latitude 42° 2o'. In 1710 Th'.nias Kubic's P^wlieineris 
gives the hiiituih: of Boston 42' •_'4 . In 17:^7 Nailianiei Ames's Almanac ha> the latirude 
42° 2-5', and continu':S to give the same for many subsequent years. In Thomas Sahiioa's 
Geographical Grammar, published in 178-5, the latitude of Boston is given as 4Z^ 25'. 

148 Incorrect Latitudes, [April, 

7, 1602, Lat. 41° 20', idem, p. 1G4G. True Latitude 41° 25'. 
Krror, first, 15 minutes. Error, second, 5 minutes. 

Gloucester Hakbor, Mass., Lat. 43°, Champlains Voyages^ 
1613, Prince See. ed., Vol. ii. p. 115. True Latitude 42^ o'o', 
Charts of United States Coast Survey. Error, 24 minutes. 

Irondiquois Bay, Karontagouat^ in Lake Ontario, east of the 
Genesee Eiver, N. Y., Lat. 43° 12', Relation de LWhhe de Gal- 
linee^ 1669, Decouvertes des Franeais de L'Amerique Septentrio- 
nale, par Pierre 2Iargry, p. 126. True Latitude 43° 14', Charts 
of United States Survey of Northern Lahes. Error, 2 minutes. 

Isle of Hares, River St. Lawrence, Lat. 48° 3', John Al- 
phonse^ Roberval's Expedition, 1542, Hakluyt, Vol. iii. p. 293. 
True Latitude 47° 54', Admiralty Charts^ Capt. Bayfield. Er- 
ror, 9 minutes. 

Isle des Coudres, River St. Lawrence, Lat. 47° 45', John 
Alphonse, in Roberval's Expedition, 1542, Hakluyt, Vol. iii. p. 
293. True Latitude 47° 26', Admiralty Charts, Capt. Bay- 
field. Error, 19 minutes. 

Isle of Orleans, River St. Lawrence, north-eastern end, Lat. 
47° 20', John Alphonse, in Rober.vars Expedition, 1542, Hukluyt, 
Vol. iii. p. 293. True Latitude 47° 2', Admiralty Charts^ Capt. 
Bayfield. Error, 18 minutes. 

Isle of Moniiegan, coast of ^Nlaine, Lat. 43° 30', Capt. John 
Smithy Description of New England, 1616, Veazie's ed., p. 19. 
True Latitude 43° 46', Charts of United States Coast Survey. 
Error, 16 minutes. 

Kennebec, mouth of the River, coast of Maine, Lat. 43° 40', 
JPierre Biard, Relation des Jesuites, 1616, Quebec ed., p. 36. 
True Latitude 43° 44', Charts of United States Coast Survey. 
Error, 4 minutes. 

Mount Desert, Bar Harbor, Maine, Lat. 44° 30', Champlaiiis 
Voyages, 1613, Prince Soc. ed.,Vol.ii. p. 39. True Latitude 44° 
23', Charts of United States Coast Survey. Error, 7 minutes. 

Kauset Harbor, Easthani, Mass., Lat. 42°, Champlains Voy- 
ages, 1613, Prince Soc. ed.. Vol. ii. p. 81. True Latitude 41° 
49', Cha)ts of United States Coast Survey. Error, 11 minutes. 

Plymouth, ^lass., Lat. 41° 37', Jossehpts Voyages, 1675, Vea- 
zie's ed., p. 122. True Latitude 41° 59', Charts of United States 
Coast Survey. Error, '22 minutes. 

Quebec, Canada, Lat. 46° 30', Le Grand Voyage dv Pays des 
Hvrons, Gabriel Sanard, 1632, p. 57. True Latitude 46^ 49', 
Admiralty Charts, Capt. Bayfield. Error, 19 minutes. 

» Gallinee says lie tr^k tho latitude arec le bmton de Jacob. Ji!Col)'6 Sraff wns one of the 
names given to tlie Cr«;ss-stiiff. Peihaji* the iroi.d Father chose this rather than the nioie 
nsual appellation out of re-[)ect to tlie Patriarcli. It wa'^ sometimes retiderf-d iu Latin, 
Radius astronoinicus, and iii the Fren(di, Ray nautirjue. The close approximation to the 
true latitude in this instance was doubtless a mere accident, as will appear iu the eequel. 

1882.] Incorrect Latitudes, 149 

RossiGNOL, Liverpool, N"ov\a Scotia, Lat. 44^ 5', Champlarii's 
Voyages, 1613, Prince Soc. ed.. Vol. ii. p. 10. True Latitude 
44^ 3', Charts of Hydrographic Office, United States. Error, 
2 minutes. 

Richmond's Island, ]Maine, Lat. 43^ 34', Josselyn's Voyages, 
1675, Veazie's ed., p. 154. True Latitude 43^^ 32', Charts of 
United States Coast Survey. Error, 2 minutes. 

Salem, ]\lass., Lat. 42^ 35', Jo^selyns Voyages, 1675, Yeazie's 
ed., p. 129. True Latitude 42^ 31', Charts of United States 
Coast Survey. Error, 4 minutes. 

Saguenay, entrance of River, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Lat. 48^ 
20', John Alphonse, in RobervaFs Expedition, 1542, Hakluyt, 
Vol. iii. p. 2i>3. True Latitude 48^ 7', Admiralty Charts, Capt. 
Bayfield. Error, 13 minutes. 

Saint John, Xew Brunswick, Lat. 45^ 40', Champlairts Voy- 
ages, 1613, Prince Soc. ed.. Vol. ii. p. 30. True Latitude 45^ 
16', Adrniralty Charts, Capt. Shortland. Error, 24 minutes. 

Saco River, Maine, Lat. 43^ 45', Champlains Voyages, 1613, 
Prince Soc. ed., Vol. ii. p. 67. True Latitude 43^ 26', Charts 
of United States Coast Survey. Error, 17 minutes. 

Sequin Island, coast of M;une, Lat. 44°, Champlain's Voy- 
ages, 1613, Prince Soc. ed.. Vol. ii. p. 60. True Latitude 43'^ 
42', Charts of the United States Coast Survey. Error, 18 

Stage Harbor, Chatham, Mass., Lat. 41° 20', Champlains 
Voyages, 1613, Prince Soc. ed.. Vol. ii. p. 130. True Latitude 
41° 4U', Charts of United States Coast Survey. Error, 20 

Strait of Canseau, Xova Scotia, Lat. 45° 45', Champlain's 
Voy^tges, 1613, Prince Soc. ed., Vol. ii. p. 155. True Latitude 
45° 21', Charts of English Hydrographic Office republished by 
United States. Error, 24 minutes. 

Seven Isles, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Lat. 50° 30', John Al- 
phonse, 1642, RobervaFs Expedition, Hakluyt, Vol. iii. p. 292. 
True Latitude, most northerly point, 50° 11', Admiralty Charts, 
Capt. Bayfield. Error, 19 minutes. 

Trinity Harbor, Newfoundland, Lat. 49°, Richard JV7iit- 
bovrne's Voyages, in Purchas Pilcrrims, 1625, Vol. iv. p. 18^4. 
True Latitude 48° 22', Wilso7is Charts of the Coast of JVorth 
America, London, 1880. Error, 38 minutes. 

Wiers, New Hampshire, Lat. 43° 40' 12", Survey made under 
the direction of a Committee appointed by the General Court of 
Massachusetts, 1652. ^^ide Xew England Historical and Genea- 
logical Rcui'^tor. Vol. i. p. 312. True Latitude 43° 36', Survey 
by Prof. E. T. ^^"ln>Ly.' Erroi-, \ nuH.aU 


* Tho liuinvi" of tiic AVic-rs not Iiaviii:^' bt.'cn rlctcrminrMl by ilie United States CoMt and 
Gcudetic Survfv, we arc happy to give tlie latitude on so good authority as that of Profcs- 


150 Incorrect Latitudes, [April, 

In the collation of the latitudes oriven above, it will be ob:5erve(l 
that variations have been found in every case examined, and that 
they follow no uniform rule. The early latitudes sometimes exceed 
and sometimes fall short of the true latitudes. The averai^e varia- 
tion as tested by these collations is over fifteen minutes, the smallest 
being two and the largest forty. The cases here reported have been 
investigated without reference to any probable error, whether large 
or email, and we are sure that a wider collation would reveal the 
same inexactness. 

It is obvious, if a cartographer of two hundred years ago, resid- 
ing in London, or Paris, or Berlin, had proposed to himself to 
construct a map of our Atlantic coast, and to fix the situation of our 
principal towns according to the latitudes given by the best au- 
thorities then existing, his work would have presented many extra- 
ordinary and surprising features. Our ancient Plymouth would no 
longer rejoice as the magnum oppidulum in Cape Cod Bay, but 
would have been fixed on the heiglits of South Buston, and the little 
Pilgrim colony would have been surprised and perhaps annoyed to 
iind itself in such close proximity to its Puritan neighbor. Glou- 
cester Harbor would no longer have been the jewel and ornament of 
Cape Anne, but would have exchanged its cool breezes of July and 
August for the softer and less invigorating atmosphere of Cohasset. 
Salem would have lost its excellent harbor, and have built its stately x 

mansions on the serrated and picturesque shores of Beverly Farms. 
Bangor would have retreated to the nortli at least forty-five miles, 
and have spread out its lumber yards on the flats of ^lattawamkeag. 
St. John, New Brunswick, would have abandoned its splendid har- 
bor, and have nestled under the frowning cliffs of Campobello, on 
the chilly little island now occupied by Eastport. Boston, follow- 
ing one authority, would have lloated down the bay and moored 
itself at Scituate Harbor, while by another authority, it would have 
gone to the north and have made a lodgement on the rocky penin- ^^ 

8ula of Marblehead. 

In the face of such excessive inaccuracies the inquiry naturally 
arises as to the origin of the errors. They were clearly not acci- 
dental. The general principles on which latitudes were determined, 
if we except some minor disturbing causes, were as well understood 
at that time as at the present moment. But the instruments em- 
ployed were inadequate to their purjiose, and have long since gone 
into disuse. In these we shall probably find the chief source of 
most of the variations. A brief description of the processes neces- 
sary for taking latitudes will elucidate the cause of the errors, and 

Bor Quimby, whose name alone would be sufficient, even if he were not at this time con- 
nected with the U. S, Coast and Geodetic Survey. He haiJ taken the latitude of a pon.t 
not far from the Wiers, and by a close e5timation he adds. " I do nut think it can difTi.T one 
minute," which is of course suiiicieatly for our orcsent purpose. — Ms. Ititer of Prof. 
Quimby, Dec. 23, 1831. 


Incorrect Latitudes. 


at the same time will not be an unimportant, and, perhaps, not an 
uninteresting page, in our early history. 

The first step in taking latitudes was to determine the meridian 
altitude of the sun.'* The instrument generally used for this pur- 
pose, down to nearly the middle of the eighteenth century, was the 
Mariner's Astrolabe, but another instrument was sometimes em- 

i^ninnec's ^strolaljr. 

ployed, of which we shall presently speak. The astrolabe consisted 
of a disk, or circular plate of brass or bronze, from five to seven 
inches in diameter. It was divided into quarters, and the upper 
quarter on the left was subdivided into ninety spaces representing 
degrees, which were duly numbered, as may be seen in the engraved 
illustration which we here give.^ Attached to the face of the disk 

» Observations were sometimes made for this pui-pose upon well known stars, which were 
practicable, if tlie observer had likewise a table of their declination, but in practice this re- 
sort was at that period exceptionai;Ie. 

• The illustration here given is fiora an old work on navii^ation, issued in London in 
1622, and rt.'pri;-t.nt- ill a rude engravin;^ the Astrolabe tlieii in common use. Others more 
elaborate were soirK'times made. In some all tlic quarters of the cirfic were graduated, but 
this was proiiably to lmvc ornament and tiai^h to the in>trtunc'nt. Sometimes: a table was 
attached to the diopter for determining the declination of the sun, but as the table soou be- 
came incorrect, thii attachment was of little importance. 


Incorrect Latitudes. 


was a moveable index or diopter turning on a pivot in the centre. 
On each end of the diopter was at^xed a small plate, or pinule, 
pierced with holes or notched with narrow slits to serve as sights. 
A handle consisting of a simple ring or hinge was attached at the 
zenith point, by Avhich it was conveniently suspended for use. 

In taking the altitude of the sun, the operator, holding the astro- 
labe in his hand, suspended it so that it should hang plumb or per- 
pendicularly to the horizon. lie then directed the index or diopter 
to the middle of the sun at noon, or to one edge of it allowing for 
the distance to its centre, so that the same ray of light might shine 
through the two sights on the pinnies of the diopter at the same 
time. The diopter would then point to the degree of the sun's me- 
ridian altitude indicated on the outer rim of the astrolabe. 







5 o 

m ri f iT i ri 


The other instrument to which we have referred, sometimes used 
in taking the altitude of the sun, was the Mariner's Cross-statf. It 
consisted of two square rulers of w^ood, of very hard and compact 
fibre. The longest of the two, denominated the staif, was usually 
about twenty-seven inches in length, and was graduated into ninety 
degrees. The other piece, called the transom, was about nine inches 
in length, and had in the centre a square aperture through wliich 
the staff could pass freely from end to end. In taking the altitude 
of the sun with this instrument, the end of the staff, marked with 
90, was brought to the eye, while the other end pointed to the hori- 
zon. The transom was then moved until the end of it came into 
exact range with the middle of the sun, or to one edge allowing for 
the distance to the centre. The degree on the staff, cut by the edge 
of the transom at that moment, was the altitude of the sun. Our 
illustration is from an old drawing issued in London in 1G22. 

If the observations by either of these two instruments were made 
when the sun was at the equinoctial, the ahitude in degrees thus 
taken, subtracted from 90^, would give the latitude. But if the 
6un, in its apparent course through the ecliptic, were either north or 
south of the equinoctial, then the next step was to ascertain the sun's 


Incorrect Latitudes, 


declination. This was taken from a table calculated for every day 
in the year. As this required a bulky document, it was usually con- 
densed so as to occupy but two pages by employing a Zodiacal 
Ephemeris, of which we give a drawing below, taken from an old 
Treatise on Cosmography, dated London^ 1594. 

It consisted, as may be seen, of numerous concentric circles, on the 
outer rim of which are displayed the signs of the zodiac, each covering 

Zotriacal iipf)cmccis. 

thirty degrees, duly graduated and numbered. On the inner rim, in 
exact correspondence, are represented the months of the year, divid- 
ed into spaces representing days, likewise graduated and numbered. 
By this instrument it was easy to find in what sign and degree the 
eun was on every day tliroughout the year. This was ascertained 
by holding a slender silken thread at the centre of the instrument, 
and extending it through the point indicating the day of the month, 
on the inner rim, for which the declination of the sun was desired, 
carrying it to the outer rim of tiie circle^ where it would rest upon 
the degree of the si^^n of the zodiac which the sun had reached on 



154 Incorrect Latitudes. [April, 

that day. Opposite to the degree thus found, in a table calculated for 
the purpose, occupying but a single sheet, was set down the decUna- 
tion of the sun for the day sought, in degrees, minutes and seconds. 

Having thus found the declination, if the sun was nortli of the 
equinoctial, it was to be subtracted from the sun's altitude, or, if 
the sun was south of the equinoctial, it was to be added to the sun's 
altitude, and the remainder or sum, as the case might be, was sub- 
tracted from liO^, which gave the latitude sought. 

Such were the instruments employed and such the method of tak- 
ing the latitude two hundred and fifty years ago, and indeed down 
to 1731, when the invention of Hadley's quadrant introduced a 
new method, and gradually superseded the old instruments.'' The 
reader has undoubtedly observed, not only that the probabilities of 
error were numerous, but, that with the ficilities which then existed, 
it was impossible for the navTgator or explorer to determine the lati- 
tude with any degree of exactness. The following sources of error 
are especially notable. 

Both the Astrolabe and the Cross-staff were graduated only to de- 
grees. The disk of the former instrument was usually from five to 
seven inches in diameter. Long experience proved that a larger 
disk could not be successfully used by the explorer and navigator, 
on account of the jostling motion given to it by the wind or the 
movement of the ship at sea. Owing to the small size of the in- 
strument, the space occupied by each degree would, therefore, be 
considerably less than one tenth of an inch, and to graduate it to 
minutes it would be necessarv^ to divide the minute space of less than 
one tenth of an inch into sixty divisions, wdiich would be practically 
impossible. While therefore the operator in taking the altitude of 
the sun could get the degrees with some certainty, what he put down 
as the fraction of a degree, or minutes, was an absolute and sheer 
guess. To determine to Ti'hich of the sixty parts the diopter or in- 
dex pointed, when the whole space w^as less than a tenth of an inch, 
was a process too delicate to be undertaken with any hope of success. 
In the old journals the minutes are usually written in fractions of 
a degree, as one-fourth, one-third, one-half, two-thirds or three- 
fourths, but sometimes translated into minutes, and given as fifteen, 
twenty, thirty, forty or forty-five minutes, but very rarely in any 
numl)er of minutes not represented by these general fractions. It 
is highly probable, indeed nearly certain, that the early navigators 
and ex[)lorers did not suppose that their statements of latitude \vould 
be interpreted with any degree of exactness as to minutes. They 

' Tlie principle involved in the rcflectin? quadrant, commonly known as Hadley's Quad- 
rant, was di.Sfi;vored by Sir r-a;ic Ncwtun, and, after his death, which occurred in 1727, 
a dc-criptioii of it was found in his h md-writin^' aiTion;,' hi') papers, fladiey extnbitcd hii 
inveiitK-n at a meeting of the Kuyal Society in 17-U. About tlie same time Thomas G«;(!- 
frcy. i)\' I'ljila.!-';.hi:i, itivcntcd a >imil;ir in-truriient. Tli-.- Iloval Si.-ci'.ty (Jccidi d tliat I^.:], 
Hadley and Goilfiey were itidepcn<ieiit4nvent(jrs. Tlie invention of tliis instrument m irUs 
an era in ol^taiiiing trustworthy results in astronomical observations. Aft.-r its introduction 
it was possible fur manners to take tlieir latitude with nearly absolute exactness. 

1882.] Incorrect Latitudes, 155 

were at best but <ruesses, as they and doubtless all others at that 
period knew, with no i^round or pretension whatever of certainty. 

But another not unimportant source of ei-ror is found in tlie old 
method of taking the sun's declination. The zodiacal ephemeris, or 
diaixram then in use, of which we have given a drawing in the pre- 
ceding pages, was not graduated to minutes, and consequently there 
was an inaccuracy as to the exact point of the sun in the zodiac at 
the time of taking the latitude. But a still greater error arose from 
the tables used in connection with this instrument. These tables 
were not calculated annually, as is customary at the present time," 
but were only renewed once in about thirty years. Owing to tlie 
precession of the equinoxes, which changes the equinoctial points at 
the rate of about 50" each year, these tables were constantly becom- 
ing inaccurate, and when used several years after the date of their 
calculation, as they often were, they furnished an important source 
of error in obtaining the declination of the sun. 

Ko account was taken or correction made, at the early period of 
which we are treating, for the Dip of the Horizon, for Refraction 
or for Parallax, sources of error of minor importance compared with 
the larger ones to which we have referred,^ but nevertheless of 
considerable s^ravity in workins: results, and carefully corrected bv 
all navigators and surveyors of the present day. 

The method of taking the early latitudes which we have described, 
and the instruments employed, Avere in universal use. Xo better 
method or better instruments were known in any part of the world. 
The latitudes recorded by the explorers of that day in whatever 
quarter of the globe, if collated and tested, would be found subject 
to the same inexactness. It is undoubtedly true that in cities, wliere 
structures could be erected for the r ccommodation and use of larger 
instruments, somewhat greater exactness might be secured.^'* But 
these were exceedingly rare, and of course never practicable for the 
use of the roving navigator or the itinerant explorer. 

The result of these investigations leads us to three important con- 
clusions, which we may state as follows : 

I. The early latitudes are generally trustworthy to within a 
single degree. 

8 These tables are now found in the Astronomical Ephemerides, or Naaticai. Alnnanac«. 
They are issued annuallv, under the ailthority of povernriient, by Germany, Spain, Pcnta- 
gal, France, Great Britain and tlie United States. The French beijan the publication nnder 
the title of tlie Connai'iance des Temps in 1G79, and have continued it to the present time. 
The Briti.-h Nautical Almanac was begun in 1767. The American Ephemeris has been pub- 
lished regularly since ISoo. 

8 The^c and some other minor sources of error were known to exist at an early period, 
but their relations were so complicated and subtle that a correct knowledge of their quanti- 
tative value in astronomical calculations has only been approximately determined at acom- 
parativfly moiiern date. 

*o Edward Wright, in 1591, took the latitude of London by observations of the " Pole 
Star," with a br.iss quadrant of six feet railius. It was found to be 51° 32', which is very 
nearly c(;nect. As no allowance was at that time made for refraction, the accaracy of the 
result must Lave been in part accidental. 

156 Incorrect Latitudes, [April, 

II. The minutes or fractions of degrees, as set down by writers 
anterior to tlie middle of the eighteenth century, are never to be re- 
lied upon, and are never correct except by accident. 

III. The annotations of the learned commentators upon the lat- 
itudes recorded in the journals of our early navigators and explorers, 
in all cases in which they attempt to identify places, within the limit 
of one degree, by the latitude alone, cannot properly be cited as 

It is to be remarked that some of the more recent writers, by col- 
lating with government surveys, have become aware of the discrep- 
ancy, at least in the cases which they have examined, but none of 
those, whose works have come under our own observation, seem to 
have been clearly aware of the extent of tlie errors or of their true 

If the latitudes of the early navigators had been determined with 
as much accuracy as is attained by the observations of the present 
day, some interesting historical questions might be definitely settled, 
and some not very decisive controversies might have been avoided. 
In such an event the Pye Bay of De Laet would probably not have 
been made identical with waters about ]\Iarblehead.'^ If the lati- 
tude of the little French colony on Blount Desert, swept off by Sir 
Samuel Argal in 1613, were surely at 44° 20% controversy would be 
cut short as to its exact location.'^ If AVeymouth's v: ater in g place 
were clearly fixed in latitude 43° 20', several literary skirmishes 
would not have occurred, ^^ and if Whitson Bay were really in 
latitude 41° 25', we should no longer doubt whether ^lartin Pring 
passed the summer of 1603 in Plymouth Harbor in Cape Cod Bay, 
or in the little haven of Edgartown on the eastern borders of the isl- 
and of Martha's Vineyard.'* But more than this, if the triumphs of 
science had been earlier, if the old latitudes had been taken with 
exactness, we should have been able to trace the course, on sea and 
on shore, of the intrepid and inmiortal explorers, who first penetrat- 
ed our northern waters, Davis, Frobislier, Barents, Hudson, Hore, 
Gilbert, Roberval, Cartier, and the rest, with the enthusiastic satis- 
faction which certainty always imparts to historical investigations. 

It would have been far more gratifying, we confess, if this inves- 
tigation had led us to the conclusion, that the old latitudes were al- 
ways correct. The haziness and doubt, however, which have so long 
brooded over the subject, have, we think, been cleared away. And 
it will doubtless be admitted, that the certainty that the old latitudes 
were always wrong is next in importance to the certainty that they 
were always right. 

" Cf. Collectinrvs Xew York IThtorical Society, ii. s. vol. f. p. 292. 

" Cf. Pierre Biard, Kclntiou-; des Jt-suites, (Quebec ed., vol. i. p. 4-5. 

" Cf. Collect>ons Maine JU.'itorical Sociedj, vol. v. pp. 309, 344 ; vol. vi. pp. 293, 300, Me- 
morial of Pop/mm Celebration, p. 301. 

'* Cf. New England Historical and Genealogical Register^ vol. xxxii. p. 76. Amtrican 
Biography, by Jeremy liclkaap, D.D., vol. ii. p. 128. 

1882.1 Society for Propagating the Gospel. 157 


By G. D. ScCLL, Esq., of Oxford, England.* 

^^HE Society for promoting and pro})agating the Gospel of Jesus 
JL Christ in X^ew Enghmd, was incorporated by act of Parliament 
die Veneris 27'^ July, 1G49." The act sets forth that "whereas 
the Commons of England assembled in Parliament have received 
certain intelligence, by the testimonial uf divers faithful! and godly 
• Ministers, and others in Xew-England, That divers the Heathen 
Natives of that Country, tl\rough the blessing of God upon the pious 
care and pains of some godly English of this Xation, who preach 
the Gospel to them in their own Indian Language, who not onely 
of Barberous are become Civil, but many of them forsaking their 
accustomed Charms and Sorceries, and other Satanical Delusions, do 
now call upon the Xame of the Lord, and give great testimonj^ of 
the power of God drawing them from death nnd darkness, into the 
life and light of the glorious Gospel of Jesus Christ, which ap{)ear- 
eth by their diligent attending on the Word so preached unto them, 
with tears lamenting their misspent lives, teaching their Children 
what they are instructed in themselves, being careful to place their 
said Children in godly English Families, and to put them to Eng- 
lish Schooles, betaking themselves to one wife, putting away the rest, 
and by their constant prayers to Almighty God morning and eve- 
ning in their families, expressed (in all appearance) with much De- 
votion and Zeal of heart : All which considered, we cannot but in 
behalf of the Xation, represent, rejoice and give glory to God, for 
the beginning of so glorious a propagation of the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ amongst those poor heathen, which cannot be prosecuted 
with that expedition and further success as is desired, unless fit instru- 
ments be encouraged and maintained to pursue it, Universities, 
Schooles, and X'urseries of literature setled for further instructing 
and civilizing them. Instruments and Materials fit for labor and 
clothing, with other necessaries, as incouragements for the best de- 
serving among them, be provided, and many other things necessary 
for 'so great a work : the furnishing of all which will be a burthen 
too heavy for the English there (who although willing yet unable) 
having in a great measure exhausted tlieir Estates in laying the 
Foundations of many hopeful Towns and Colonies in a desolate 
"Wilderness : and therefore conceive ourselves of* this Xation bound 
to be helpful in the promoting and advancing of a work so much tend- 
ing to the honor of Almighty God. Be it therefore I\!nacted, and it is 
hereby Enacted by this present Parliament, and by the authority 

• See page 62 of the present volume of the Register. 

158 Society for Propagating the Gospel. [April, 

thereof, That for the furthering so good a work, and for the pur- 
poses aforesaid, from hencefortli there shall be a Corporation in Eng- 
land consisting of sixteen persons (viz) a President, Treasurer, and 
fourteen Assistants : And that AVilliam Steel Esq : Ilarhert Pel- 
ham P]sq : James Sherley, xVbrahara Babington, Robert Houghton, 
Richard Hutchinson, George Dun, Robert Tomson, William Mul- 
lins, John Hodgson, Ed^Yard Parks, Edward Clud, and Richard 
Lloyd, Thomas Ares, John Stone, and Edward AVinslow, Citizens 
of London, be the first sixteen persons whereof the said Corpora- 
tion shall consist," &c. &C. 

The Corporation were restrained from purchasing or acquiring 
any lands or tenements in England or Wales, exceeding the yearly 
value of Two Thousand Pounds. Provision was duly made for the 
appointment and election of officers, the receipts and expenditures, 
and for carrying out in America the object for which the Society 
was incorporated ; and the act thus concludes : " The Corporation 
within mentioned, desire all men to take notice. That all such whom 
God shall stir up to contribute to help forward this great work, may 
repare to Coopers Hall in London, where the said Corporation sitt 
and there if they please at any time may have the sight of their 
bookes, how the Moneys collected and received for the use above 
said, are from time to time disposed and improved, according to the 
true intent and meaninij of the said Act." 

At the first meeting of the sixteen members of the Corporation, 
William Steele was elected their President, and shortly after the fol- 
lowing letter was addressed by " the Corporation to ye Deputys," &c. 

Worthy S' 

The Corporacon for promotinge y' Gospell of Christ amongst y* 
Indians in New-P^ngland being informed of yo'' great paines and care in fur- 
thering y* Contributions and Subscriptions of the well affected to this worke 
in yo'^ Ward, And having present occasion of disbursem' for provisions to 
bee sent by a shipp nowe designed for New-England aforesaul doe thereof 
desire that such moneys as are in yo"" liands may bee sent to M"" Richard 
ffloyde dwellincje in Clieapside att the sio^ne of the Meremayde between 
Milkes streete and Woode Streete being Treasurer for the said Corporation 
(according to yo' former directions) And y' yo" vvoulde please as soone as 
possible may bee to perfect y® Colleccon in yo' ward as aforesaid to the end 
wee may bee enabled (according to the Trust committed unto us by the 
Parliament to Act in some proporcon suitable to the Carryinge on and pro- 
moteing so good a worke, And in soe doinge yo'' will riot only bringe 
Glory to God but oblidge us of the said Corporation whoe are 

Your very loving tfriends the Corpo- 
racon above menconed and signed 
Cooper's Hall. in our names by 

"William Steele, Presd*. 

The commissioners [of the United Colonics] who represented 
the Corporation in New England were [in 1652] Ro: Ludlow, 
Simon Bradstreet, Wm: Hathorne, John Cullick and John Ast- 

1882.] Society for Propagating the Gospel, 159 

wood, -vvho signed [and William Bradford and John Browne who 
did not sign] tlie foHowing letter (undated)* "fFor the Right wor- 
epf'^ Edward Winslow Esq' These P'sents, To be communicated 
to the Honno'ble Corporation, Appointed for the Advancement of 
the Gospell amongst the Indjans in New-England." 

Much honnored Gents 

The Coiiiissioners tliat mett at Pljmoiith not having the ministers 
accompts present, as they ordered and expected comitted the writing to 
yo'^, as also the receipt of accoiripts & transferring the same to so many of 
us as could meete at Boston. S" wee Received yo" of the !'• of may 1G52 
as also we understand of y* letter to M"" Rawson w^^ the bills of Lading and 
goods to y* some of one luindred sixty two pounds, cifjht shiUin2;s two pence 
with a Casque of Hatts : for the Iron work prepared by M'^ Bell wee have 
no notice of it, nor understand what is become of the same. Wee rejoice to 
heare that God hath brought in anything for the Carying on of the work 
of God amongst these poore Indians, which are now gathering into a church 
as yo"^ will more fully understand by M"" Elliott as also from ourselves or 
some of us by the first opportunity for M' Butcher. ^Yee hope the minis- 
ters will write to liira according to yu'' desire for 3Ir Willjams and his atlirm- 
ations about the Iridian worke we suppose he he hath not binn in these 
parts where the most of God appeareth amongst them, and if there were no 
more but live or seven wrought uppon in sinceritye (with the many civilized) 
it were a great worke, this wee can say, the worke of God (as wee are in- 
formed and believe) goes on comfortably amongst them, which we should 
not Affirme were it not so, as yo"^ shall more pticulary understand wee hope 
by the next Mr Eliots brother mentioned in the accompts is one who ac- 
companieth his brother in the worke and overseeth their buildings, fenein^s, 
Catle &c he hath hitherto had but twenty pounds per annum but now de- 
mandeth thirty pounds v/hich wee think he may now deserve the worke being 
much greater many coining in dayly to the Imbracing of the Gospell, what 
wee have Given out of the goods sent over by yo"* to the ministers Schoole- 
masters or best deserving men wee have sent the accom.pts heere inclosed 
which are not so Expre>se as wee desired wee doubt not but the ministers to 
whom wee leave the disposeing of particulars, now understanding what wee 
expect will be Carefuil to give heereafter. There is one other minister M"" 
Pierson who hath taken some paynes in the worke, he lives at Bran ford 
neere New-f laven. There is twenty-eight pounds charged to account which 
is for au Indian w^hose scull and Jaw bone was broke by the fall of a peece 
of timber as he was sawing the meeting bowse, sorely bruised and wounded 
lying senseless many dales for which Cure the Chirurgeou hath twenty 
pounds and his diett and attendance eight pounds he is, as Mr Elliott saith, 
no looser by this Afhiction there being great hopes of his Convertion and 
hath dilligently followed that Imployment ever since, for yo' allowance of 
forty eight pounds to M' Winslow wee readily Concurr in the same and for 
. the other hundred pounds wee have made the Collonies Debtors for the 
same and have it ready in hand to disburse, as the worke shall neede, there 

• The commissioners of the United Colonics met at New Plymouth, Sept. 2, lGo2, it being 
the first I'hur^day in that ni<jtith, the day of tiie annual nicftir?. llicre were seven com- 
missioners prtsent at this si's-ion, but hve only signed the IcticrOr answer of the commis- 
sioners. This answer, printed in the text, is entered in full on the record of the session, 
with the date Sept. 10, 1652, attached to it.— See Plymouth Colony Records, x. 37a-9.— 

160 Society for Propagating the Gosjoel. [April, 

are some of the goods sent over which are not so usefull for the Indians as 
M"" Rawson will more fully Infornae yo"^. so leaving yo"" and the good worke 
of God in your and our hands to his blessing that is able to doe above what 
wee Cann ask and think, — wee Renaaiue, 

Sirs [signed]. 

The first President of the Society or Corporation, William Steele, 
Esq., was a Judge of the English Courts, and to Richard Lloyd 
or ffloid, the temporary^ treasurer, Henry Ashurst succeeded to that 
office. In a few years after its establishment, the Society languished. 
After the restoration of Charles II. it was revived, through the zeal- 
ous exertion of the Hon. Robert Boyle, son of tlie first Earl of Cork, 
and he procured a new charter. 

King AVilliam granted a charter June 16, 1701, to a new Society 
for the Propagation of the G(^spel in America, and the first mission- 
aries set sail for Boston April, 1702. They travelled and preached 
from ^lassachusetts to North Carolina. Tiie Society celebrated 
the third jubilee of its foundation, June 16, 1851, in London, 
which was attended by numerous ministers and others. 


The records of the Commissioners of the United Colonies were printed in 1859 
by the state of Miissachueftts. as part of the Plymouth Colony Records, and were 
ably editc^l by David Pulsifer. A.M. The record of the session of lGo'2 lias l^een 
already referred to. The records of several other sessions contain matter relating 
to the Society for Promotini; and Propairating the Gospel in New England. 

On the record of the session held Septeml:>er 5. 1650. at Hartford, are, I. A let- 
ter from the corporation dated London, March 24, 1649, signed by ^Villiam Steele 
as president ; 2. The answer of the commissioners to the corporation ; 3. Their let- 
ters to Mr. Winslow alone and to ^Messrs. Pelhamand Winslow jointly. — Piym. Col. 
Bee, ix. 16-2-7.^ 

On that of Sept. 4. 1651, at Xew Haven, are letters from William Steele, 
the president, and Mr. Winslow, dated April 17, 1651, and the rej^Iies of the commis- 
sioners to both.— /6«V/, 192-9. 

On that of Sept. 1, 1653, at Boston, a letter from Mr. Winslow, dated May 2, 
1653, is referred to, and the answer, Sept. 24, 1653, is entered in full. — lOid, x. 104. 

On that of Sept. 7, 1654. at liartNird, are, 1. A letter iVom VViiliaui Steele, presi- 
dent, dated Feb. 18. 1653 ;* 2. The coiinnissii^ners' reply, dated Sept. 25, 1654 ; 
3. Their letter to Mr Eliot, dated Sept. 18, 1654 ; 4. Letter to Mr. Mayhew, same 
date.— /6i</, x. 118-24. 

On that of Sept. 6, 1655. at New Haven, are, 1. A letter from William Steele, pre- 
sident, dated March 21. 1654 ; 2. The commis.«i oners' answer, dated Sept. 15, 1655 ; 
3. Their letter to Mr. Kawson, same date ; 4. Their letter to Mr. Eliot. — Plyrn. Col. 
Eec.x. 135-4 L 

On that of Sept. 4, 1656, at New Plymouth, are, 1. A letter from William Steele, 
president, dated Sept. 15, 1655 ; 2. A letter from John Hooper, clerk of the corpo 
ration, rei^uesting a list of the names of the commis>;ioners of the United Colo 
nice annually, and stating that the last Narrativef concerning tfie progress of the 

• A letter to the Governor of Massachusetts, dated Feb. 14, 1653-4, signed \>y William 
Steele, president, is j)rinreil in the Plymouth Colony Records, x. 431-3; from, the original 
in the Ma-sachiisetts Arehivcs. 

t " A Late and Further Manifestation of the Proirres? of the Go=pel amomrst the Indians 
in New Enj^land," London, lu!o, was pul)lished by the corporation. It is nprintcd in Mass. 
Hi.»t. Coll.,xxiv. 2fil-87. 

"Tear? of R. pentance " 1653 (M. H. C, x:^iv. 197-260) was nlso published by the cor- 
poration ; and " Strcn2;th out of Weaknesse " (M. H. C.,xxiv. ) 19-96) contains letter^ from 
rs\'w England addressed to it. 

1882.] Early Streeters of Massachusetts. 161 

Indian work sent to the corporation had been printed ; 3. Letter from "William 
Steele, president, April 13, ItijG; 4. The commissioners' answer, dated Sept. 15, 
1656; 5. An invoice of goods desired by the commissioners; 6. An acquittance 
to the corporation ; 7. A list of persons in the Indian work, with their salaries. — 
Ibid, X. 150-67. 

On that of Sept. 3. 1057. at Boston, are, 1. A letter signed John Hooper, clerk, 
dated April 11, 1G57 ; 2. The commissiuners' answer, dated Sept. 19, 1(357 ; 3. Or- 
der for payments from the Indian stock. — Ihid, x. 18-1-90. 

On that of Sept. ^, 165S, at Boston, are, 1. A letter signed John Hooper, clerk, 
dated April 3, 1(558 ; 2. Two letters in reply from the commissioners, dated Sept. 16 
and 18, 1658 ; 3. An account of expenditures.— i6/rf, x. •200-207. 

On that of Sept. 1, 1G59, at Hartford, are, 1. A letter signed John Hooper, clerk, 
dated ^lay 7, 1659 ; "2. Tlie commissioners' answer, dated Sept. 7, 1659 ; 3. An 
account of receipts and expenditures. — Piym. Col. Rcc, x. 215-'J0. 

On that of Sept. 6, KiHO, at New Haven, are, 1. A letter signed John Hooper, 
clerk, dated April -28, 16(J0 ; 2. The commissioners' answer, dated Sept. 10, IGGO ; 
3. An account of receipts and expenditures. — Ibid, x. 239-46. 

On that of Sept. J, 1G61, at Plymouth, are, 1. A letter from John Hooper, the 
late clerk, dated May 18, IG6I, informing the commissioners of the dissolution of 
the Corporation, and expressing a hope tlrat it would be renewed and confirmed by 
the king ; 2. Address of the commissioners to the king to be presented with a copy 
of the New Testament in the Indian lan:j:uage; 3. Letter to Richard Hutchinson 
and William Ashur>t, dated Sept. 12, IGGl ; 4. Account of receipts and expendi- 
tures ; 5. A bill of exchange, Sept. 12, IGGl, on Hutchinson, Ashurst, or other per- 
son impowered to dispose of money collected in England for propagating the gospel 
among the natives in New England; 6. A letter to Mr. Usher, dated Sept. 13, IGGl. 
— ]bid, X. 255-65. 

On that of Sept. 4, 1GG2, at Boston, are, 1. Letter from the new corporation, 
dated May 15, 1GG2, signei.l by Robert B.»yle, governor : 2. The answer of the com- 
missioners, dated Sei)t. 10, ltiB2 ; 3. Account of receipts and expenditures ; 4. A 
bill of exchange, Sept. 12, 1G()2, on Robert Boyle, governor ; 5. An account of the 
utensils for printing belonging to the crjrporation, Sept. 1, 1G62. — Ihid, x. 272-Sl. 

On that ot Sept. 3, 1063. at Boston, are, 1. A letter signed by Robert Boyle, gov- 
ernor, dated April 9, 1663 ; 2. The commissioners' ansvver, Sept. 18, 1663 ; 3. An 
account of receipts and expenditures ; 4. A bill of exchange on Henry Ashurst, 
treasurer of the corpi)ration, Sept. 19, 1663. — Ibid, x 290-7. 

On that of Sept. 1, 1664, at Hartford, are. 1. A letter signed by Robert Boyle, 
governor, dated March 7, 16G3-4 ; 2. The an-wer of t!ie commissioners, Sept. 16, 
1664; 3. Account of receipts and expenditures. — Ibid, x. 313-18. 

On that of Sept. 5, 1672. at Plymouth, are, I. A letter of the commissioners, dat- 
ed Sept. 9, 1672, in reply to one from the corporation dated March 20, 1671-2 ; 
2. Order for payments from the Indian stock. — ihid, pp. 351-6. 


By Edward Doubleday Harris, Esq , of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

NO attempt, so far as the writer knows, has been made to show 
the relationship between the early tamilies of the name of 
Streeter. The various records that have been consulted throw but 
little light on the subject ; perhaps further investigations may 
substantiate the conjectural lines herein indicated. 

Savage names Stepi/ex Stkeeter, of Gloucester in 1G42, 
afterwards of Charlestown, and .-opposes that Samuel of Concord, 
and Stephcx of A\'atertown, were two of his sons. 


162 Early Streeters of Massachusetts. [April, 

Barry is authority for a Stephen at ]\ruddy Eiver in 1679, and 
Bond tor a Henry at Watertown in 1687. 

1. Stephen^ Stkeeter, the elder, was a shoemaker, a resident of 
Gloucester in 1642 and perhaps earlier, and later removed to Charlestown, 
where with wife Ursula he united with the church 21 March. 1G,j2. His 
will was dated 10 June the same year, and the inventory was taken on the 
24 July following. He, '' in the first place," commended '* unto Richard 
Sprague . . . daughter Hannah to bee educated and provided for as his owne 
childe," and his " youiige cbilde Rebecca unto the care and education of 
Charles Chadduche'' (Cluidwick of Watertown). His house m Charles- 
town was given to wife Ursula *' during her life," and at her '• decease to 
go to three sonns Stevens, Samuel and John." His " movables" and 
*'all the rest of the stock" to be divided between daughters Sarah. Rebec- 
ca when she shall be eighteen, and his " other daughter or daugliters " (?). 
The widow Ursula married 13 Oct. 1656 or 7 in Charlestown, Samuel Ho- 
sier, who died July 29, 1665, remembering her and her children by Streeter 
in his will, but apparently having left no issue himself. She speedily mar- 
ried for her third husband "William Robinson, of Dorchester, who died o 
July, 1668, naming her and her daughter Mary Streeter in his will ; and 
not to be dismayed by her bad luck in husbands, sought a fourth, GrifFin 
Crafts, of Roxbury, who took her 15 July, 1673. having, if the church 
records be correct, buried his wife Alice only in March of that year. She 
probably died his wife, for he died in 1690, leaving a widow Dorcas. The 
children of Stephen and Ursula Streeter were ; 

2. i. Stephen. 

3. ii. Samuel. 

iii. John, of whom nothing is known except that he was living in 1654, 
unless his existence in 1669 can be conjectured fruro the receipt ot his 
brother Samuel of that date. 

iv. Sarah, living in 165-2. 

V. Hannah, b. in Charlestown 10 Nov. 1641, commended to the care of 
Kichard Sprague. He died in 166S, leaving ample estate and nu- 
merous beneficiaries, but as he fails in his will to name her, she may 
have died or been married. 

■vi. Rebecca, " the younfre clnlde,"" commended to Charles Chadwick. He 
died in 1G81, and his will does noc name her. 

vii. Mary, perhaps burn after her father's death, certainly living in 1668, 
to be remembered in her step-father Robinson's will. 

2- Stephen^ Streetek, certainly the son of Stephen^(l) and Ursula, 
presumably the eldest, probably in 1652 approaching maturity, is afterwards 
learned of in Watertown with wife Deborah in 1667. He was of Muddy 
River in 1679, and as late as 1681, when, with wife Deborah (not Rebec- 
ca, as Barry read the record), he sold land in Charlestown, formerly his 
father's, to Richard Russell. The phraseology of this conveyance satisfac- 
torily establishes his identity. He removed immediately afterwards to 
Cambridge, and died there in 1689. Wyman states that his wife died at 
Cambridge, April 7, 1689, but it is more likely to have been tiie young 
child Deborah that died, for '• Deborah Streeter, Sr." was admitted to full 
communion in the Cambridge Church 13 July, 1701, and a Deborah, per- 
haps the same, married at Camlnidge, 10 August, 1704, Samuel Sears, of 
Wrentham. No will or administration papers of Stephen or Del)orah are 
on record in Middlesex. The children of Stephen and Deborah Streeter 
were : 

1882.] Early jStreeters of 21assachusetts, 163 

i. Stephen-, b. in Watertown 20 June. 1667. 

ii. Sarah, b. in Watertown '2 Oct. 1669 (not 16T9, as Bond gives it). 

iii. Rebecca, b. in Cambrid::e 3 Sept. 16S:?. 

iv. Deborah, b. in 0\mnrid_^e 25 Sept. 1685 ; probably d. 7 \pril, 16S9. 

V. Joseph, b. in Cambridiie 18 Sept. 16S7. 

tI. Benjamin, b. in Cambridge 25 Nov. I6S9 ; d. 23 April, 1690.* 

3. Samuel' Streeter. son of Stephen^ and Ursula (perhaps the sec- 
ond son), was certainly livinfj in IGG'J, for on 18 June that year he acknow- 
ledged the payment of the fourth part of the value of the house and lands 
left by his father Stephen. "Wyman states, with what authority does not 
appear, that this Samuel was of Concord, and Barry found there one Sam- 
uel and wife Mary, who had children : 

i. JuDAH, b. 1666. 

ii. Eleazer. b. 166S. 

iii. John', d. 1667. 

iv. John, b. 1671, (See Xo. 7.) 

Diligent search in Concord town and church records fails to confirm Bar- 
ry, and it is not impossible that the family lived in Sudbury. Nothing of 
this Samuel appears on records of Probate or Deeds in Middlesex. 

4. Samuel Streeter. parentasfe not ascertained, probably son of Ste- 
phen^ {Stephen}) and Deborah of Cambridge, and perhaps born at I\Iuddy 
River between 1670 and '80, — not impossibly son of Samuel (o) and Jlarj 
(of Concord?), — lived near enough to the Cambridge church to go tiiere for 
the baptisms of his children, but does not appear as a land ov/ner in Mid- 
dlesex. He resided in or near C. until 1706 or after, and many years 
latert was with wife Mercy (who may not have been the mother of his 
children) in Framingham, where his will was dated 23 April, 1751, and in 
which be is styled yeoman. He escaped careful Barry's notice. His iden- 
tity with the Cambridge man is established by his will. It names wife 
Mercy, sons Stephen and Samuel, and daughters Sarah Evans, Susanna Dil- 
lon and Deborah Belknap, the children of daughter Mercy Healy deceased, 
two children of his daughter Elizabeth Frisel deceased, Jemima Streeter 
the daughter of his daughter Mary (?j. and his wife's daughter Elizabeth How. 
The will was presented for probate 18 Nov. 1751. Mary Streeter, 27 Jan- 
uary, 1746, conveyed land in Marlboro' and Southboro' to Jonathan Brig- 
ham. The children of Samuel Streeter were : 

i. Mary, bapt. at Cambridge. 2 Feb. 169G-7 (see father's will), 

ii. Sarah, bapt. at Cambridire, 2 Fen. 1696-7 ; m. Evans. 

5. iii. Stephen, bapt. at Cambridge, -4 Sept. U'.9S. 

6. iv. Samuel, bapt. at Cambridire, 7 Jan. 1699-1700. 

v. Mercy, bapt. at Cambridge, 14 May, 170-1: m. William Ilealev. of 

Hopkinton and Framingham. and had William, bapt. Sent. 1T26 ; 

Mary: Phebe. b. 30 Jan. 1730-31 : Oliver, b. 5 Xov. 1733; Lily, 

b. 11 xVov. 1736: Dorcns, born 18 May. 1738. 
vi. Susanna, bapt. at Cambridge, 28 April, 17(i6 ; m. Dillon. 
vii. Deborah, named in will ; m. Jedidiah Belknap (son of Abraham, b. 

4 November. 1709), and had Deborah, b. 31 Julv, 1732; Ebenezer ; 

Mary, b. 16 Jan. 1734 ; Hezekiah ; Jedidiah, b. 29 Aug. 1737 ; Eiiz- 

• Others between 1670 and 16.S3 may have been born in Maddv River, but I have found 
t30 record of tlicm, !ea<i< us to bt-lieve tliat the Benjamin, who died 23 April, 169'>, 
was .sf^n of Hi nrv (.Sircecherj of Watertowii and Ch;irIc.-to\vn, apparently only !.ccau56 
Henry's Hcnianiin v;i\< .driven to the care of " Cane of Cainb'idirc for 1-3 year's," in lfi7S. 

t Aii^'ti^t .3 1. 1717, .S.antjcl "^rreeter, ';f Atrleboro', l»ou:::ht land in Sudl.ury of J. Wil'.ard. 
He mav hnvc [,• en Saini-cl H), !)ut more likely to have been this man wandered to Attle- 
bon.' iifrcr leavir.:: Cariibriuge, and then from thc-^c to Sudbar>', and auenvards to his soa'j 
in Framuigham, close by. 


(■■■ . 

164- Early Streeters of Massachusetts. [April, 

abetb, b. 8 Feb. 1739 ; Stephen, bapt. 4 Oct. 1747 ; Joseph, bapt. 
21 May, 1750. 
viii. Elizabeth, named in will, m. Ebenezer Frizell, of Framingham, and 
had Elizabeth, b. 26 Dec. 173G ; Sarah, b. 8 June, 1740. 

5. Stephen Streeter (4. iii.), son of Samuel (4), bapt. at Cambridge 
4 Sept. 1G98, early settled with bis brother at Framingbam, where he had 
wife Katherine, and with her owned the covenant there Feb. 7, 1725. He 
purchased 1 July, 1729, his brother's estate in F. Barry gives him child- 
dren, born in Framinjrham : 

i. Esther, b. 13 Jan. 1721-5 ; m. 28 Feb. 1744, Josiah Haven. § 

ii. Stepuex, b. 14 Feb. l72r>-7. 

iii. Abigail, b. 15 Jan. 172^9. IP 

iv. Elizabeth, b 9 Jan. 1729-30. 

V. John, b. 14 Feb. 1731-2. I 

vi. Ursula, b. 9 Nov. 1733. _^ 

vii. Adams, b. 31 Dec. 1735. 

6. Sa:\iuel Streeter (4, iv.), son of Samuel (4), bapt. at Cambridge 
7 Jan. 1690-1700, early settled at Framingbam, where he married 27 July. 
1719, Experience Haven, and with his wife owned the covenant there 14 
May, 1721. lie sold, 1 July, 1729, his place in Framingbam (he then of 
Hopkinton) to his brother Stephen. In 1747 he was dismissed to church 
in Sutton. no])kiiiton records furnish the births of most of his children, 
but the list may be incomplete. 

i. Joseph, bapt. at Framinixham, 14 May, 1721. 

ii. Experience, b. 15 April, 1728. ^- 

iii. Samuel, b. 9 July, 1730 ; was perhaps the same Samuel who m. Joan- 
na Morse, anil was uf Sturbridge. 

iv. Rebecca, b. 24 Xov. 1732. 

V. James, b. 17 Oct. 1734. 

vi. Susannah, b. 4 Feb. 1736-7. 

vii. Daniel, b. 23 March, 1739; m. at Sturbridge, 16 April, 1761. Mary, 
dau, of Nathaniel and Hannah (Kinij:^ Jones, and .settled at Ciiarlton, 
and had onlv Hannah, b. 20 Dec. 1765. He d. at Spencer, 28 March, 

viii. Jonathan, b. 2 July, 1741 ; was with wife Abigail of Charlton, and 
had with otliers, Ilannali, b. 25 Nov. 1761 ; Hannah, again, b. 15 
March, 1765. 

ix. Mercy, b. as Barry tells, in 1743. -^ 

7. Jonx Stiieeter, perhaps, as supposed by Paige, a son of Stephen 
(2), but not impossibly son of Samuel (o), was of Cambridge, where he took 
for wife, 9 A]>ril, 1700, Mary Whetcomb, and owned the covenant there 29 
Dec. 1700. After the baptisms of three children in the CambridL^e church 
he disappears from the records, and nothing further is heard of liim unless 
the John of Rehoboth was the same man. If, as supposed, Stepiien the 
father went to Attleboro' from Cambridge, this son may have gone with 
him, and from tliere got into Rehobotli, the next town, but this is ail con- 
jecture. The children of John and Mary Streeter were : 

i. Hannah, b. 26, bapt. 29 Dec. 1700. 

ii. Mary, b. 29 March, hapt. 12 April, 1702. 

iii. John, b. 6, bapt. 16 April, 1704. 

and perhaps 

iv. Elizabeth, bnnt. at Rehoboth, 19 May, 1706. 
V. James, bupt. at Rehoboth, 4 May, 1707. 

1882.] Longmeadow Families, 165 


Communicated by Willard S. Allex, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
Continued from page 77. 

Jacob Hills, of Enfield, son of John and Deliverance Hills above, was 
married April 7, 1763, to Love Pease, daughter of Cunimins and Eliza- 
beth Pease, of Enfield. She died March 10, 1830. Their children— Ja- 
cob, born Dec. 23, 17G3. Sarah, born Oct. 14, 17 Go. Love, born Dec. 
17, 1767. Stephen, born May 29, 1770. Elizabeth, born May 2G, 1772. 
Hannah, born Nov. 27, 1774. Jedadia, born Jan. 11, 1777. Solomon, 
born March 7, 1799. William. Deliverance. 

Moses Hills, son of John and Deliverance Hills above, was married Dec. 
26, 1772, to Mary White, of East Windsor. Their children — ]Mary, born 
Aug. 12, 1773, married to Oliver Hills Jan. 14, 1790. Moses, born March 
9, 1775. Theadocia, born Sept. 1, 177G. married to Daniel Green August 
15, 1793. Aaron, born July 23, 1778. Miriam, born March 18, 1780. 
David, born July 14, 1782. Esther and Solomon, born Oct. 1, 1784. Solo- 
mon died Feb. 20, 1785. Calvin, born Feb. 8, 1788. Sarah, born Jan. 2, 
1790, died Nov. 5, 1792. Ichabod, born May 7, 1792. Solomon, born July 
11, 1796. Moses Hills the father with his family removed from Long- 
meadow [Pcfffe 153] Sept. 27, 1804, to the state of New York, and. he 
died at the town of Somers Nov. 20, 1804. She died March 10, 1838, 
age 89. 

Jacob Hills, of Longmeadow, son of Jacob and Love Hills, v/as married 
to Naomy Bishop, daugliter of Samuel and Mary Bishop, of Wilbraham.. 
Their children — Jacob, born July 14, 1790. Naomy, born Sept. 3,1792. 
Samuel Bishop, born April 4, 1795, died June 4, 1828. Mary, born July 
24, 1797. Roxelane, born Nov. 27, 1800. Solomon, born April 27, 1803. 
Luther, born Nov. 22, 1805. Naomy the daughter was married July 24, 
1808, to Jonathan ]\Iarsh Cooley, of Somers, son of Luke Cooley. 

Oliver Hills, the son of Joseph and Eunice Hills, and grandson of John 
and Deliverance, was married Jan. 14, 1790, to Mary Hills, daughter of 
Moses and Mary Hills. Their children — Polly, born June 3, 1792, died 
Jan. IG, 1814. Sally, born Aug. 27, 1794. Patience, born April 7, 1797. 
Lucina, born April 5, 1799. N. B. The first was born in Enfield, the sec- 
ond and third in Blanford, INIass., the fourth in Dorset, Vermont. Oliver 
Hills and his wife parting, she brought her children to Longmeadow. 

\_Page 154.] Ephraim Hun, of Longmeadow, son of , was mar- 
ried Nov. 25, 1788, to Mitty Lathrop. daughter of Thatcher and Mehitable 
Lathrop. She was born Dec. 20, 17G5. Their children — David Lathrop, 
b. Nov, 5, 1789. Ephraim, b. July 31, 1791. Submit, born Jan. 19, 1794. 
Roxe, born June 8, 179G. Cyndona, born Feb. 10, 1799. Cyndona, born 
Sept. 21, 1801. Sophrona, born April 2, 1804. Erastus, born Nov. 11, 

S^Page 155.] John Keep, of Longmeadow, one of the ancient inhabitants 
of tlie town of Springfield, in the part thereof called Longmeadow, and was 
the ance-jtor of all the Keeps in this j)art of the country. The record and 
iraditiouid accounts of him and his family are as follows. John Keep was 
married Dec. 31, 1GG3, to Sarah Leonard. She is supposed to have been 

VOL. XiXVl. 15* 

166 Longmeadow Families. [April, 

the daughter of John Leonard and born Dec. 13, 1645. Their children — 
Sarah, born Dec. 5, 1G66. P^lizabeth, born Nov. 15, 1668, died Sept. 1675. 
Samuel, born August 22, 1670. died August 23, 1755. Hannah, born 
June 8, 1673. Jabez, born December 11, 1675. John Keep the father, 
his wife and their child Jabez, were slain by the Indians March 26, 1676, 
as they with other neighbors and a guard of men were passing from Long- 
meadow to Springfield town to meeting on the Lord's day. They were 
fired upon a little northward of Pacousick Brook. The man was mortally 
wounded, but it is said he kept his horse until he arrived at the town of 
Springfield. The woman, his wife, it is said, sprang from the horse upon 
the tiring of the Indians, and was carried away by them to Iladleii^h and 
killed. From tradition the guards are faulted as cowardly by the following 
sentence. Seven Indians, and one without a gun, caused Capt. Nixon and 
forty men to run. Sarah, the eldest daughter, was married Jan. 17, 1683, 
to Benjamin Parsons, supposed to be the son of Dea. Benjamin Parsons, of 
Springfield. They settled and had a family in Enfield. Hannah, the 
youngest daughter, was married Oct. 16, 1690, to El>enezer Miller, son of 
Thomas and Sarah Miller. They had a family in Springfield. The fam- 
ily of Samuel the son followeth this. 

2d Generation. Ensign Samuel Keep, of Longmeadow, son of John and 
Sarah Keep above, was married Feb. 27, 1605, to Sarah Colton, daughter 
of Capt. Thomas Colton and Sarah his wife. Their children were — a name- 
less infant born Feb. 17, 161*7. John, born June 22, 1698. died July 28, 
1757. Samuel, born Nov. 12, 1700, died Nov. 9, 176 L Sarah, born Aug. 
23, 1703, died Nov. 4, 1767. ' Jabez, born March 10, 1706. Elizabeth. 
born May 22, 1709, died July 29. 1720. Jemima, born July 17, 1711. 
Josiah, born Nov. 30, 1713. Abiah, born Dec. 17, 17i.5. Stephen, born 
Oct. 26, 1717, died Jan. 15, 1790. Eunice, born ^Larch 11, 1720, died 
Dec. 23, 1739. Matthew, born Oct. 3. 1722. died June 29, 1758. The fam- 
ilies of the sons, see pages 156 and 157. Sarah the daughter was married 
Jan. 4, 1728, to Dea. Daniel Chandler, of Enfield. Abiah was married 
June 9, 1737, to Jonathan Wright, of Windsor. Jemima was married Sept. 
13, 1731 [Pac/e 156], to Isaac Griswold, of Killingworth. Jabez was 
married to Sarah Leonard, and settled at a place called Westford. lie is 
said to have had sixteen children. Sarah the mother died June 20, 1754. 
Ensign Samuel Keep the father died Aug. 23, 1755. 

John Keep, of Monson, son of Ensign Samuel Keep and Sarah his wife, 
was married to Abigail Mun, of Colchester. Their children — John, born 

. Elizabeth, born . Jabez, born . Elizabeth, born . 

Abigail, born . Sarah, born Sept. 27, 1733, died Dec. 3, 1814. Eu- 
nice, born . Simeon, born . Mary, born . Caleb, born 

. Seth. born . John Keep the father died July 28, 1757, and 

was buried in the burying yard at Brimfield. Abigail his widow died 
Oct. 5, 1787, and was buried by her husband. Iler age, 87. Sarah mar- 
ried Stephen Collins. Stephen CoIHljs died P^eb. 11, 1819. 

Samuel Keep, of Longmeadow, son of Ensign Samuel Keep, was mar- 
ried Jan. 15, 1736, to 31ary Culton, daughter of John and Joanna Colton. 
Their children — ^lary, born Nov. 6. 1736, died July 22, 1816. Mary the 
mother died Feb. 15, 1737. Samuel Keep the father was married again 
March 8, 1738, to Sarah Bemen, daugiiter of William and Hannah B»:^men, 
of Enfield. She was born ]\Iar<:h 6, 1818. Their children — Samuel, l.'orn 
May 26, 1739, died Oct. 20, 1823. Sarah, born Feb. 1741, died Oct. 23, 
1740. Eunice, born Sept. 17, 1743, died Oct. 4, 1807. John, born March 

1882.] Early lUstorij of Gvoioyu 167 

10, 1749, died Sept. 3. 1784. Sarah, born March 17, 1753. died Nov. 0, 
1838. ^Nlary the daui^hter was married June 13, 1765, to Col. Jonathan 
Hale, and died July 22, 181 G. Eunice was married Dec. 22, 17G8, to Fes- 
tus Cohen. Sarah wa^ married April 25, 1776, to Medad Stebbins ; after 
his death, to Lieut. Noah Stebbin.^, of Wilbraham, Oct. 13, 1808. The 
family of Samuel the son. see page 158. John had a public education, 
graduated at New Haven College, A.D. 176!), was settled in the ministry 
at Shetlield June 1<\ 1772. He was married to Hannah Rebecca Robins, 
daughter of Rev, ^Mr. Rol»ins, of Dranford, and died without issue. Sam- 
uel Keep the father died Nov. 9, 1761. Sarah the mother was married to 
John Hale, son of Thomas and Experience Hale, Dec. 2, 1762 (page 138), 
and died31ay 11, 1810. 

[To be continued.] 


Bv Samiel Abbott Gkeex, M.D. 

[Continued from pa^'e 28.] , 

No. 11. 

ri^HE daily life of tlie founders of ^lassachusetts would be to us 
-B- now full of interest, but unfortunately little is known in regard 
to it. The early settlers were a pious folk, and believed in tlie lit- 
eral interpretation of the Scriptures. They worked hard during six 
days of the week, and ke[)t Sunday with rigid exactness. The 
clearing of forests and the breaking up of land left little leisure for the 
use of pen and paper ; and lettei-writing, as we understand it, was 
not generally practised. They lived at a time when printing was 
not common and post-offices were unknown. Their lives were one 
ceaseless struggle for existence ; and there was no time or opportu- 
nity to cultivate those graces now considered so essential. Ivcligion 
was with them a living, ever-present power ; and in that channel 
went out all those energies which with us find outlet in many differ- 
ent directions. These considerations should modify the opinions 
commonly held in regard to tlie Puritan fathers. 

The sources of infornration rehiting to the early lustory of Gro- 
ton are few and scanty. . It is only here and there in contemporane- 
ous pa[)ers, that we hnd any alhisions to the plantation ; and from 
them we obtain but glimpses of the new settlement. The earliest 
document connected with the town after its incorporation is a peti- 
tion now among tlie Shattuck ^laiuiscripts, in the possession of the 
New Enghmd Historic, Genealogical Society, which contains some 
interesting facts not elsewhere given. All the sigruxturcs to it are 
in the same hand-writing as the body of the ditcumcnt ; but tliose of 
the committee signing the report on tlie back of the petition are 
autographs. The report itself is in the hand-writing of Joseph 
Hills. The document is as follows : 

168 Early History of Groton, [April, 

Bos^ 16: 3m°: 1656 

To the Right Wo''^ the Go u /no' the vro''^^ Deput Go/no'and Magistrates 
with the "Worthy Deputies of this Ilono''^ Court 

The humble Peticon of Certeiu the intended luhabitants of Groten, 

Humbly Sheweth 

That yo"" Peticon" haueing obteined theire Request of a Plantacon 
from this honored Court, they haue made Entranc therevppon, and do 
Resolue by the Gracious Assistants of the Lord to proceed in the same 
(though the greatest Number of Peticon" for the Grant haue doclyned the 
work) yet because of the Remoteness of the place, c<; Considering how heavy 
and slowe it is like to be Carried an end and with what Charge and ditfi- 
culties it willbe Attended yo' Peticon" humble Requests are 

1 That they be not nominated or included in the Country taxes vntill 
the full end of three years from these p/nts : (in which time they Account 
theire expenc will be great to the building a house, procureing and main- 
taining of a minester tVcc, with all other nessessary Town Charges : they 
being but few at present left to Carry on the whole worke) and at the end 
of the term, shall be redy by gods help to yeald thei' Rates according to 
thei' Number & abillitie & what shall be imposed, vppon them 

2 That they may haue libertie to make Choyce of an other then M' 
Danford for the Laying out their town bounds because of his desire to be 
excused by reason of his vrgent ocations otherwise, and that they be not 
strictly tyed to a square forme in theire Line Laying out 

So shall yo' Peticon" be incoridged in this great work, and shall as duty 
bindes pray for yo' happiness and thankfully Rest 

yo' humble Servants 

Dean Wixthropp 
Dolor Davis 
Will. Martin 
Jn**. Tinker 
Richard Smith 
Robert Blood 
Jn**. Lakix 
Amose Richenson 

In Ans. to this Peticon wee Conceiue it needful! that the Town of Gro- 
ton be freed from Rates for three years from the time of their Grant as is 

2^ That they may Imploy any other known Artist in the room of M' 
Danfort as need shall be. 

3** That the forme of the Town may A little varie from A due Square 
According to the discrecon of the Comitte. 

21. 3^ m^ {bQ) Daniel Gookin . 

Joseph Hills 
John Wiswall 

The Deputyes approue of the returne of the Coniittee in answer to this 
petitio & desire the Consent of o' hone'*^ magists. hereto 

"William Torrey Gierke 

Consented to by the magists 

Edw^ard Rawson Secret 

[Endorsed for filing:] Grotens Peticon | Entrd & x' secured p*^ 8 | 1G56 

18S2.] Early History of Groton, 169 

'^^■■y<rs ^' 

c ^ 

■A; a-Ja^^K^KJ- 


170 Early History of Gorton. [April, 


The next document, in point of time, connected with the history 
of Groton, is a petition to the General Court from John Tinker, 
one of the original selectmen of the town. It is dated October, 
1659, and preserved among the ^lassachusetts Archives (CXII. 
120) at the State House. In this petition Tinker makes some 
indirect charges against his townsmen, of which the real nature can 
now be learned only by inference. It would appear that they had 
taken land in an unauthorized manner, and their proceedings in 
other respects had obstructed the planting of the town ; and that he 
felt aggrieved in consequence of such action. Evidently the new 
plantation did not prosper during the first few years of its settle- 
ment. The petition reads thus : 

Boston To the Honr/*^ Gen'^'^ Court Assembled at Boston 

3 m° The humble Petition of Jn** Tinker 

1659 Humbly Sheweth that 

With vnfained Respect to the good and welfare of Church and Com- 
onwealth yo'' Petitioner hath indeauored to answer the expectation and 
desires of this hono'"'^ Court and the whole Countrey In erecting setling and 
Carying an End the Afaires of Groaton, Granted and intended by this 
hono'"'^ Court for a plantation, which notwithstanding (all in vaine) it Con- 
tinueth vnpeopled and soe Like to remaine vniess by this hono'^'^ Court some 
wise and Juditious Coniitte be impowered to order and dispose of all 

1882.] Early History of Grotom 171 

things there about, after which no doubt it will goe on and prosper, which 
is the humble desire and Request of yo'. Petitioner that soe it may be, 
and that yo"" Petitioner be admitted and appoynted faithfully to declare vnto 
and informe the said Cofnitte, 1 what hath allredy bin done, 2 what 
are the Grounds and Reasons wherfore it Reraaineth at the stay it doeth. 
being so much desired by so many and such Considerable persons as it is, 
and 3 what hee Couceuieth needful! to the further Confirming what is 
done according to Right to every person & Cause, and the setleing such 
due order as may incoridg the Carving on of all things to a prosperous 
effect, viito which yo'" Petitioner shall redyly adress hiraselfe, as willing to 
submitt to the good pleasure of this hon''^ Court & such Authorized by 
them for such due satisfacon for all his Care time cost & paines in and 
about the said plantation as shall be thought meete and humbly begging 
the good fauo"" of god to Rest vppou you shall ever Remaine to the hono'"'^ 
Court and Country 

IV humble Serv* Jn". Tinker 

The comittee having prsed this peticon, do Judge y* it wilbe very con- 
venient that a Comittee of 3 : or more meet persons be nominated & im- 
powred to Examine the pticulars therein mencconed. and make returue 
of w' they find to the Court of Eleccon. 

Thomas Danforth 
Anthony Stoddard 
Roger Clap 

21. (8) 59. The Depu' approue of the ret. of y^. Coinitee in answr: here- 
to & haue Nominated ]\P Danforth M"" Ejihraim Child Cap'. YAv< : Johnson 
to be their Committee desireing o"" Ilono"^ magisis [consesit] hereto 

William Torrey Cleric. 

Consented to by y^ magists Edw Raw^son Secret 

It would appear from the writing on it that Tinker's petition 
was referred by the General Court to a special committee, who recom- 
mended tliat the whole matter be considered by another committee 
with larger powers, who should report to the Court of Election. In 
accordance with this recommendation, ^Ir. Thomas Danforth, Cap- 
tain Edward Johnson and Ephraim Child were appointed such a 
committee. I have given their names in the order in which they 
are mentioned in the General Court Records (IV. 324), and not as 
they appear in the approval of the committee's return on the peti- 
tion. The original report, made eighteen months afterward and 
signed with their autograph signatures, is now among the Shat- 
tuck ^Manuscripts in the possession of the Xew En^dand Historic, 
Genealogical Society. It is dated May 23, 11)1)1 (" 23 (3) 1G61 "), 
and bears the official action of the House of Deputies and of the 
Magistrates. Edward Rawson, the colonial secretary, made his en- 
try on the paper, ]\Iay 29, IGGl. In copying the document I have 
followed the General Court Records, as this version of the petition 
contains fewer abbreviations and contractions. The record-book has 
been paged differently at three separate times ; the paging marked 
in red ink has been taken in this copy. The '' Comittees Iveturne 
ah* Groaten Sc Courts ordr " are as follows ; 

172 Early History of Groton. [April, '♦nU 

"VTee whose names are subscribed being Appointed & impowred by the 
Generall Court in octobe"" IGo'J for the examination of the proceedings 
about Groten phintation & the Intanglements that haue obstructed the 
planting thereof hitherto=hauing taken pajnes to travajl vnto the sajd phice 
& examine the Records of forme'' procee<lings in that place as also the Ca- 
pacity of the s'^ place for the enterteining of a meet noumber of persons 
that may Carry on the affairs of a Toune, doe App'hend (according to w' 
Information we haue had) that the phice will Aifoord a comfortable accomo- 
dation for sixty familjes at least that may subsist in a way of hnsbandrv = 
And for such familyes as be there already planted w'^^ are not aboue four 
or five acres* wee doe not finde theire Interest in such lands as thoy claime 
is legall &; Just nor yet consistant w'*' tFie Courts ends in their graunt of the 
sajd plantation. 

And for the further encouragement of such as haue now a desire &c doe 
present themselvs as willing to plant themselves in that place, 

Wee craue leaue humbly to leaue our poore app'"hentio!is w^'^ this Hon- 
ored Court as followeth 

1 That the old planters Sc their Assignes whose names are John Tinck- 
er Rich : Smith. W'^^ Martin. Ri: blood Rob' Blood ^ Jn" Lakin that they 
reteine & keep as theire propriety, (of such lands as they now clujme an 
Interest in) each of them only twenty acres of meadow twenty acres for 
the house lott ten acres Intervale land & tenn acres of other vplands c^ 
that the same be sett out by a comittee so as may not ynequally prejudice 
such as are or may be their Xeighbo" 

2 That the neere lands & meadows, be so diuided as may accomodate at 
least sixty familjes & for that end That the first diuision ot lands be made 
in manner following viz* such as haue one hundred <& fifry pounds estate be 
allowed equall w^^ the old planters alioue & that none exceed Oc that none 
haue lesse then tenn acres for theire house lott & tive acres of meadow two 
& a halfe acres of Intervale & two & a half of other lands for planting 
lotts in their first divission & that none be admitted to haue graunts of 
lotts there but on Condition^ following viz* 

1 That they Goe vp. w'^ theire familjes w'^'in 2 yeares after theire 
graunts, on penalty of forfeiting theire graunts againe to the Tuv/ne vi; so 
many tenn shillings as they had acres Graunted them for theire houselotts 
& that the like Injunction be putt vpon those aboue named as old planters. 

2 That ail towne charges both Civil & Eccleasiasticall be levyed accord- 
ing to each mans Graunt in this first diviiion of lands for seuen yeares next 
Ensuing Excepting only such whose stocks of catle shall exceed one hun- 
dred <^- fifty pounds estate. 

3 That the povrer of Admission of Inhabitants & Re2:ulating the atlliires 
of the sajd place be referred to a comittee of meete persons Impowred by 
this Court thereto, Vntill the plantation be in some good measure (at least) 
filled w'*" Iidiabitants &, be enabled regularly & peaceably to Carry on y* 
same themselves 

4 That this Honoured Court be pleased to graunt them Imunitjes [from] 
all Comon & Ordinary Country charges not exceeding a single raie or a 
Rate & a half p Annu for three yeares nex' ensuing. 

• The word " acres " occurs at the or;d of a lino in the manuscript records, and appears . 
to be an intcriiolutiun. The ^en-e (1'K> nut requi.e it, and tiie ori-inal ctuy in the library 
of the .New En;.'l;iiid Iii>toiic, Genealogical .'^uciety docs nut contain it, though the print- 
ed edition of the General Court Keeoids gives it. 

1882.] Uarli/ Illstonj of Groton. 173 

5 That in Graunting of lotts children liaiie theire due Consideration \\^^ 
estates theire paren^' gi^ii^S securitje to defray y^ charges of the place as is 
before p'"mised. 

. _ Tno Danforth 


P>HK. Child 

The Court Approoves of & doe Confirme the returne of the Comittee 
& doe hereby further orde'' Ot Impower the aforesajd Comittee for the ends 
aboue mentioned vutill meete men shall be found amongst such as shall 
Inhabit there & be approoved of by a County Court 

(General Court Records, iv. 371.) 

The next document, in point of time, found among the Archives 
(I. 21) at tlie State House and relatino- to Groton, is the following;' 
request for n brandmark, which was wanted probably fur marking 

The Humble Request of Joseph Parker to the Honoured Governo'' the 
Honourd magistrates & deputyes. Humbly Requests in behalfe of the towiie 
of Grawton that the letter GR may bee recorded as the brand mark 
belonging to the towne I bein^:^ Chosen Counstible this year make bolde to 
present this, to the Honoured Court it being but my duty, in the townes 
behalfe thus Hopeing the Honored Court will grant my request I rest yo"" 
Humble Servant JosEi'ii Parker 

Boston: 3V^: may: 1G6G 

In answer to this motion the Deputies approue of the letters GR to be y® 
brand marke of groaten William Torrey Cleric 

0"" Honor'"'^ maLjists consentinge hereto 

Consented by the magists Edward Rawson Secret^ 

During this period the town was paying some attention to the 
question of marks for trees as well as for cattle. At a general meet- 
ing held on IMarch 5, 1(5(35-(:)G, it was voted that there should be 
trees " marked for shade for cattell in all common by wayes : " 
and furthermore that "the marke should be a great T."' From 
various expressions found in the early town records, it would seem 
that the country in the neighborhood was not densely wooded when 
the settlement was first made. At a meeting of tlie selectmen held 
in the winter of KJGO, an order was passed for the preservation of 
trees, but the writing is so torn that it is impossible to copy it. At 
another meeting held on January. 13, 11)73-74, it was voted that 
all trees of more than six inches in diameter at the butt, excepting 
walnut and pine, growin^r by the way-side, should be reserved for 
public works, and that the penalty for cutting them down, without 
authority, should be ten shillings a tree. 

At a general town meeting on December 21, 1G74, leave wa3 
granted to William Longley, Jr., to cut down three or four trees 
standing in the r(jad near bis farm and sbadliiL: his corn, upon con- 
dition that he give to the town the same number of trees for mend- 
ing the highways. 


174 Constables, [April, 


By Herbert B. Adams. 

IX tlie library of the ^I issicluisetts Historic il Society tliere is a 
sin ill black letter voliimo, bearins: the imprint of London, 1G14, 
and entitled "The Dvties of Constables, Borsholders, Tytliinii-men, 
and such other lowe and lay Ministers of the Peace — by "WilliMni 
Lambard of LIncoInes June, Gent." By the same author and in the 
same library there is another work imprinted in London, 159 6, and 
entitled " xV Perambulation of Kent: Conteining the Description, 
Hystories, and Customes of that Shvre," written originally in the 
year 1570 and first published in 157(3. The latter work bears upon 
the reverse of the fly-leaf the name of Adam Winthrop, and upon 
the reverse of the title-page a Latin ode by Winthrop in praise of 
Lambard. t Scattered through tlie work are many annotations and 
curious scraps of writing in AVinthrop's hand. This very book was 
brought to America by the first governor of ^Massachusetts, who was 
well read in the laws of England, like his fither and like his schol- 
arly descendant, the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, who presented the 
above volume to the Historical Society, of which for many years he 
has been the honored president. if Through John Winthrop it is 

* This paper was read before the New England Historic, Genealogical Societv, Feb. 1, 

t Adam Winthrop speaks of Lambard as a *' student of the common Lawe? — barrister — 
■wise, learned and religious, as appereth by this booke." A few years aso. from a kind of in- 
herited family interest in Lamlnird. the"^ Hon. Robert C. Wintlirop, wlien vi.-itiiig Seven 
Oaks, Connty Kent, noted the exi-tence of a monument to •' the old perambulator of Kent, 
and ' tlie fitner of County Histori ms,' " (See Proceed in crs of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, 1870-6, 197.) Ltmbard died at Greenwicii near the seat of tliat ancient feudal ma- 
nor, so famous in Euirli-h eoloni d charters, which describe how lands are to tje held of iiis 
Majesty, " as of his maiieir of East Greenwicli in the County of Kent in free and Common 
Soccage and not in Capite nor by Kniglites service." (See (-"Ivmouth Laws, 7-5. Compare 
with Rec irds of Massachusetts, i. 4.) In the Xouvelle Biographic Genirale there is an ac- 
count of LaniWard, based upon Nichol'.s Life of Lambarde and Bridsman's Legal Biblioqrn- 
phy. Fri-m this aecount it appears that our autlior was born in Lori'lon in 1.53'), and 'be- i 
Aug. 19, 16 )1. He was a jusiice of tlic peace in tiie county of Kent, 1-579, and, by reason 
of his special knowledire of le^'al antiquities, finally liocame Master of the Rolls, nr keeper 
of the archives of En-'land, through the fivor of Queen Elizatieth. He com.piled v;iri.;us 
learned works, some of which we have found in Baltimore: a collection of Saxon laws en- 
titled Archaionornia, sive de [)ri5cis Angiorurn logibus lihri (Pealtody Libr.) ; Eirenareha, 
or Duties of Justices of the Peace (>Li>-s Hi-t. Soc.) ; P.mdi'eta Rotuiorum ; Archcion (or 
High Courts of Justice in England, to be found in the Md. Episcopal Lil)r.) ; Perambula- 
tion of Kent. Tlie hitter work is the corner stone of tiie loeal history of England. Lmi- 
bard was collecting materials for the upbuilding of this work when he heard that Camden 
was engaged upon the same great task. Lamhard discontinued his own researches, hut 
they weie afterward (1730) publi-hed as a Dietionarium Angli^e Topographicum et Histo- 
ricum, which is a truly monumental treatise, although iucomj)lete. Lambard de-ervcs 
great reverence, for he was the founder of the modern science of local hi^-torv which has 
grown to such grand proportions in P^n^lish Town and C<junty Histories, and in Winsor's 
Memorial Hi-tory of B<jston. Local history is the best tound.ition for national history. 
Mr. Edward A. Freeman, in an adiLcss to the Somerset-hire Archaeological and Natural 
History Society (Proct'cdimrs, bW, vol. xxvi.), said *' the proper way of studying local 
history " was "as a contril)ution to general history." 

X The Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, in the tir>-t Volume of tlie Life and Letters of John 
Winthrop, 41-3, de-cribes this v:duable work with particular reference to the manuscript 
notes by his ancestor. A copy of this book was brought over to this country by one of the 

1882.] Constables, 175 

not improbable that the influence of AVilliam Lambard crept into the 
earl}' local legislation of Massachusetts. At all events, this latter 
treatise which describes the freest of English Counties or the customs 
of Kent, whence the freehold land tenure of almost every English 
colony in America was derived, and the former essay on Constables, 
which describes the parish institutions of the mother country at the 
time the Puritans came over, are both historical monuments deserv- 
ing not only watchful guardianship, but scientific attention. 

The writings of AVilliam Lambard rei)resent the most advanced 
state of English knovrledge in the sixteenth century concerning the 
origin of municipal institutions. The work contains many errors 
and numerous incorrect etymologies, but these are faults of the time 
rather than of the man. Practically Lambard was the transmitter 
if not one of the fathers of English Institutional History. After 
him, in the reign of James I., came Lonls Bacon and Coke and the 
now forgotten Dr. Cowell, commenting on the laws and Institutes 
of England, as handed down by Granville, Bracton, Britton, Fleta, 
Fortescue, Littleton and others. In 'the reign of Charles II. ap- 
peared Sir Matthew Hale, with tlie first regular History of the Com- 
mon Law. . For a century after Hale there was no really monu- 
mental treatise on English institutions, with the exception perhaps 
of Spelman's works and Dr. AVood's Institutes, until the year of the 
American Stamp Act (T7G5) when Blackstone's Commentaries were 
first published. Like all his predecessors, Blackstone w^as practi- 
cally and necessarily a compiler. \Vhatever he had to say regard- 
ing the municipal institutions of England, concerning Constables, 
Tithingmen and Justices of the Peace, he extracted from older wri- 
ters like Dr. Burns and AMlliam Lambard. Thus our monumental 
author of the sixteenth century has been built into the very founda- 
tions of English Institutional History. Since Blackstone there 
has been reared u[)on the basis of his work and that of his pre- 
decessors, a History of English Law by Reeves, the publication 
of whose treatise began tlie year American independence was 
acknowledged by Great Britain (11>^?)). During the present cen- 
tury, the Institutional IIi.>tury of England has been greatly advanced 
by the writings of Palgrave, Kemble, Thorpe, Sir Henry Elaine, 
Stubbs and Freeman, all of whom owe much of their ins[)iration to 
the historical science of Germany. From impulses proceeding from 
German scholars and from the new school of English historians, have 
sprung the recent Ameiican studies in historical juris])rudence, the 
essays in Anglo-Saxon Law by H<;nry Adams, Henry Cabot Lodge, 
Ernest Young and J. Laurence Liughlin, the Placita Anglo-Xor- 
mnnnica, by Melville ^I. Bigelow, and the recent lectures by O. W. 
Holmes, Jr., on The Common liaw. 

early settlers ofPatuxet (Plymouth), who appears to have rcmf)ve(] to Rhode Inland. This 
copy, through the eocrt >y of Mr. Wins(jr, \v;ix horroweij l»y the writer of thi> i).iper rVoiu 
the Library i f Harvard College, and ted to the discovery in Baltimore i)y Mr. Ail^ert S. 
CiK>k of a tliird copy of the sclf-s;ime edition (159 J), whieU through tliC generosity of Mr. 
Cv>ok \o DOW ia our possession. 

176 Constables. [April, 

Along this line of march, over old roaJs iuto new fields, xVmerlcan 
Institutional History will one day advance. It is the purpose of a 
little company of graduate students at the Johns Hopkins University 
to reconnoitre the ground.* They are now studying upon cooper- 
ative and, to some extent, upon representative principles, the local 
institutions of their respective states or sections of country. A few 
students represent ]Mu'y land ; others Virginia, the CaroUnas, Ken- 
tucky, D-'laware, Pennsylvania, Xew Jersey and New .York. 
One man has entered tlie field of Oliio ; others, that of Michigan 
and the Xorthwest, where English institutions were planted upon 
French soil. A student from Cmada will investigate the Anglo- 
French institutions of his Province. The writer of this monograph 
is studvinir the oris^in of the town institutions of Xew En^-land, and 
presents the f-dl'.jwing research upon Constables as a contribution to 
the main subject. 

The importance of the Petty Constable as a connecting link be- 
tween Xew England Towns and Old English Parishes has never yet 
been recognized. To trace the origin and development of the con- 
stabulary office and to show its exact process of transition from the 
old ct)untry to tlie new is the object of this paper. Besides Lambard 
and the old time authorities, we have utilized the resources of mod- 
ern historical science, the Statutes of the Realm and of the Englisli 
Colonies, together witli certain hitherto unpublished manuscripts 
brought over to X'ew England by Jonas Humphrey, who settled in 
the parish-town of Dorchester, Massachusetts. According to the 
traditions of his fauiiiy, he was a constable in AVendover, County 
Bucks, in England. An official warrant and a list of constabulary 
duties, preserved by this faithful officer, are the best possible sources 
of information as ta the character of the constable's office at the time 
of the Puritan migration. 

AVe are indebted for copies of the above-mentioned documents to 
the eminent anticpiary of Dorchester, who lately pre[)ared for pub- 
lication the Suffolk Deeds (Boston, 18'^0), ^^Ir."' William B. Trask, 
a descendant of Ca[)t. William Trask, one of the old planters of 
Salem. AVhile utilizing in the body of this monograph many facts 
derived from the Humphrey manuscripts, we shall append the same 
in full, as they are likely to prove iin interesting contribution to tlie 
history of our local institutions. Mr. Trask's letter, giving a brief 
account of Jonas Humphrey and of the manuscripts themselves. 
will constitute the best preface to their separate perusal. These 
documents will clearly show that the duties of constable were not 
only more honorable, f)Ut also far better understood in Humphrey's 
day than in the time of lilackstone. 

The latter, in his very inadequate account of constables, says : 

• Richard Frothini:Ii;un, in his work on tiie Ri-^e of the Repn.t)lic of the UnitL-d States, 
26. sjiys, *' I have not met with a volume, or even an esaay, on the growth of the munici- 
pal system in the UuitcU States." 

1882.] Constables. 177 

" Considering \^•]lat manner of men are for the most part put into these 
offices, it is perhaps very well that they are generally kept in igno- 
rance" of the extent of their powers.* This observation, which 
has been quoted over and over again, as though it were an infallible 
precept of the Common Law, and which even finds honorable men- 
tion in the last edition of the EnclycopaHlia Britannica, in the article 
on "Constables," may perhaps account in some measure for the gene- 
ral disrepute and comparative obscurity into which this ancient office, 
once dignified and well known, has now fallen . Time was when 
the best men of an English parish held in rotation the office of Pa- 
rish Constable. Xo one was permitted to decline the responsibility 
of village headship, except women, who were allowed to furnish 
substitutes. In an old book entitled " English Liberties," published 
in London, 1719, it is said, "The Petty Constable is chosen by the 
people of the Parish. . . . The Petty Constables ought to be hon- 
est and able Men both in Body and Estate, and not of the meaner 
Sort ; and therefore it hath been held that they ought not to be cho- 
sen by the House or Custom, if not fit to execute the Office. But 
'tis now ruled, That a Custom for the Inhabitants to serve by Turns 
is good ; so if it happen on a Woman she must provide one to serve 
the Office. "t 

In attempting to reconstruct the liistorical idea of the office of con- 
stable, we cannot rely with any degree of confidence on Blackstone, 
for the constabulary office had evidently begun to degenerate even 
in his day; and, as we have already iuiplied, the learned judge him- 
self, in his enumeration of constabulary duties, merely quoted from 
older writers like Lambard, who were better informed. Xeither can 
we rely implicitly iq^on Lambard or Lord Coke, for both of these 
early authorities fail to explain even the origin of the constable's 
name. Coke in his Institutes, following Lambard, says, "Consta- 
ble or cunstable is compounded of the Saxon words cuninge per con- 
tractionem kinge, and stable, id est columen, quasi columen regis, 
anciently written cuningstable.":}: In other w^ords. Lord Coke seri- 
ously maintains that the Constable, etyraologically considered, is the 
support or mainstay of the King. Such an unwarrantable deriva- 
tion of the name constable represents the fantastic, unscientific phi- 
lology of the sixteenth century, inherited from the mediaeval monks ^ 
who explained the origin of words with even more originality than 
did Home Tooke or Noah Webster. 

As a matter of fact, the term constable was introduced into Eng- 
land through the Norman-French Connetable, old French Conesta- 
ble or Cunestable. The word is derived from tlie Low Latin Con- 

* Blackstone's Commentaries on the Lau-s of England (Judge Cooley's ed.), i- 3oo. 

t En:,' Liltertics or the Fre;;-l>.')in Subject's Iiilieritatice. contairiinLT M ii^na Charta, 
Charti de Forcsta, ^n E i-tly, of Ju-ticcs c^r" tlie Plmci.', Corouors, Coii.-tab!cs, Cliurcli- 
wardeiiri, OvoiM'cr.s (jf the Poor, Surveyors of the Highways, &c. Compiled tirat by Henry 
Care ... In the Savoy, 1719. 

J Coke, Institutes, Part iv. cup. xvii. 

VOL. XXXVI. 16* 

178 Constables. [Apnl, 

stabuliis (comes strthuU, or count of the stable). It is a word 
comiii')!! to all tlie Koniance languages, altliouirh in somewhat vary- 
ing forms. It appears in the Provencal, in Italian, in Spanish and 
in Portuguese. Both the Latin and the French forms were early 
imported into England. In ]\Iagna Carta we have Constahulartus. 
In the Polls of Parliament frequently occurs the form Conestable. 
The institution itself, as understood by the Xorraans and the peo- 
ples of Southern Europe, was akin to the Byzantine comes stahuli 
and the classic Master-of-IIorse. Undoubtedly the office had its 
origin in menial service in connection with the royal stable. Pri- 
marily a constable was a hostler. The constabulary office belongs 
to a nexus of court institutions, like those of chamberlain, cup- 
bearer and steward, which are of immemorial antiquity and common 
to both Aryan and Shemitic monarchies. 

We shall discuss the whole sul)ject of the institutions of the lioyal 
Household in a special paper on the Origin of the ^Modern Ministe- 
rial System, but, in this connection, would merely remark that the 
name constable suggests a certain Byzantine influence surviving in 
the office itself, as the name of Caesar survives in the Russian Czar,* 
and the German Kaiser, or ns the idea of the classic Imperator sur- 
vives in modern emperors. Undoubtedly at a very early date Teutonic 
kings and dukes had their ministerial officers, their hostlers of hi^rh 
degree. The Franks liad their Marschalk (from ^lar, a horse, and 
Schalk, a knave or servant), an institution surviving in France to this 
day, in two forms, (1) I\Iarechal de France, (2) ]Marechal fer- 
rant, or shoer of horses. The Lon^bard kings and dukes had tlieir 
]\Iarpaliis. The Saxons had their Horsethegn or Staller. Of neces- 
sity such offices would exist in the equine establishn^ent of every 
Teutonic chieftain. It is highly probable that an old Germanic in- 
stitution was baptized by a Latin name, Constabulus, just as a Ger- 
man military leader becomes a dux or duke. Classic titles, Byzan- 
tine trappings and court usages were introduced into the royal house- 
holds of almost every Teutonic king or count ; but while thus clothed 
upon with a Latin name and oriental dignity, mediaeval consta- 
bles owe their historic origin to menial service. In the Soutli Ger- 
man town of Heidelberg there stands in a good state of preserva- 
tion an ancient feudal stable, built of old red sand-stone, and known 
as the Marstall. It is now used as a riding-school for University 
students ; but it is a good surviving type of the original horse-stalls 
whence the ^larslials of Saxony and of France, the Earl Marshals 
and Lord High Conatables of England, rode forth to glory and 

* The notion that tlie wonl Czar was a corrnption of Casar, was formerly unquestioned, 
but Crt-asy, in his Phitt'onu of ItiterniTrional Law, I'iG, and in his History of th<.' O-to.i'iti 
Turks, i, 341, s;iy-: it is an Orii'iita!, po.-siljiy a Tartar word, nicaniu:: sov< reign nJor. 
He tliiiiks th<.' Uii— ians acquired itthrou;,-!i the Sehivoni(; traii.-Iation of the liiljl'..'. Bar >[r. 
Edward A. Frei-man, in his recent leetur^.'S l^etore the students of the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, on tlie Historical Geography of South-Eastern Europe, came to t'lC rescue of the 
old etyniol()<ry, -ayiti:^ that he liad been assured by a Slavoaic friend of undoubted auihor- 
ity, that tlie old derivatioa is the correct one. 

" 't^.; 

1882.] Constables, 179 

The office of the Lord High Constable {Constahularius totlus 
A.))gUm) came into prominence a?' an hereditary office in the person 
of Miles of Gloucester in the reign of Stephen (1135-1154), al- 
though probal)ly long before this constables had existed in every 
royal town and castle, in every earldom and upon every great mano- 
rial estate. Of course the office diminished in dignity the nearer it 
approached the common people. Among the subject Saxons existed 
a lowly office known by various names, as Tithingman, Borhs- 
Ealdor, Elder of the Pledge, Head-Borough, or Borough-Keeve, 
upon whom the shadow of the Xorman name of constable was soon 
to fall, as the itmhra nominis Homani had fallen upon many old 
Teutonic institutions. AV^e cannot dwell at length in this connec- 
tion upon the office of the Lord High Constable ; suffice it to say, 
he was the representative of the King in all matters pertaining to 
armies and castles. He provided for all the King's horses and all 
the King's men. He mustered the roval forces and saw to it that 
every vassal sent his proper quota of armed men and horse. If an 
expedition was to be undertaken into foreign parts, the Lord High 
Constable provided means of transportation and served as kind of 
Inspector-General. He, in conjunction with the Earl Marshal, took 
cognizance of all offences committed during the foreign campaign, 
and decided all questions relating to the disposition of prisoners and 
booty. From the exercise of such functions arose Courts Martial 
and ^lartial Law. 

According to Lambard and Blackstone the lower constal)ulary 
office was drawn from that of the Lord High Constable, ^' as it were 
a very finger from that hand." Blackstone differentiates the lower 
office into the High Constable of the Hundred and the Petty Con- 
stable of the town or parish. On the authority of Spelman, he says 
Petty Constables were " first instituted about the reign of Edward 
III.* We have looked througrh the statutes beloniriuix to this reii^n 
and fail to find any sufficient ground for the above statement. It is at 
best rather a loose way of describinir the origin of an institution to 
refer it to '' about the reign " of a Kin^: who reigned for fifty years 
(1327-77). As to the origin of High Constables, Blackstone is more 
precise. He ascribes this institution to the Statute of Winchester, 
13 Edward I. (12'S5), when it was enacted that ^' in every hundred 
and franchise two' constables shall be chosen to make the view of 
armour." t xVlthough Blackstone and all the host who f)llow him 
are wrong on this point also, for the Constable of the Hundred is 
much older than the Statute of ^Winchester, yet in this 
is interesting to observe that the latter office appears to be intimate- 
ly related to the militia system of which the Lord High Constable 
was tlie admiiil-^tratlve lica'l. By the Statute of Winchester, every 
man in England wa^ tu "have in his house harness for to keep the 

* Blackstone, 35.5. Compare Limbard. 
t Stubbs, Select Charters, 474. 

180 Constables. [April, 

peace.'' All men from fifteen to sixty years of age were to possess 
arms and armor according to their estate, the highest requirements 
being " an hauberke, an helme of iron, a sword, a knife, and a 
horse;" and the lowest, simply a bow and arrows. The Constables 
were to make a " view of armonr " twice a year, and report all de- 
linquents to some justice of the peace, who in turn reported them to 
the King in Parliament. This mode of procedure has its exact 
counterpart in the presentment of delinquents in arms and armor 
before the Plymouth and ^lassachusetts General Courts. 

Other curious parallels between constables of old England in the 
thirteenth and of Xew England in the seventeenth centuries are the 
requirements in the Statute of Winchester that the above local offi- 
cers shall report defaults in the highways, in watch and ward, and in 
bringing matters to justice ; but the following is especially note- 
worthy : Constables '* shall present all such as do lodge strangers in 
uplandish towns for whom they will not answer." The records of 
Plymouth and Massachusetts colonies are full of such enactments ; 
for example in Massachusetts it was ordered " that the cunstables 
should inform of new comers, if any be admitted without license." 
It had been enjoined by the General Court that " no towne or person 
shall receive anv stran^-er" without the allowance of maoistrates.* It 

.'CD ~ 

was ordained by the town of Xewi)ury, ^Nlass., that no one should 
be admitted as an inhabitant without the consent and approbation of 
the bodv of freemen resident in that town.t It has been thou^-ht 

1 o 

that such restrictions upon new comers were marks of Puritan intol- 
erance. They were sitnply revivals of old English law. J The Stat- 
ute of Winchester is said by Canon Stubbs to be '^ a monument of 
the persistence of primitive institutions working their way through 
the substratum of feudalism and gaining strength in the process. "§ 

For earlier outcroppings of the institutions of the Constable of the 
Hundred, and the Constable of the town or parish, we have only to 
turn back to the Assize of Arms.jj 36 Henry HI. (1252), whereby 
in every township one or two constables, according to the number of 
inhabitants, and in every hundred one chief constable {capitalis 
constdhulariiis) were to be appointed. At the summons of the lat- 
ter all men sworn to arms were to muster from their respective hun- 

♦ Mass. Col. Rec, i. lOB, 241. 

t Coffin, History of Newbury, 23. 

X Be>iUt's the evidence on tins point in the St;itnte of Wincho^tor, see also the Writ of 
1233 for tliC C'jn^ervation of tiie peace {Da forma pads conservanda) : Item nullus hospi- 
tetur ali'iiieiii e.Ktraiienm ultra unara nocterii nisi po;>it invrnire pleu'iosde tideiitate et ([uod 
nullum (lamniim evcniet per cum, ct respondeat pro eo sicut pro uno de faniilia sua. — 
Stubbs, .Select Charters 3(J2. 

Compare with the above the following extract from the MS. Town Records of Plymouth, 
Oct. 29, 1GG8 : " Ordered by the Town, that the Selectmen shall henceforth have power to 
require any that siiall receive any strangers, so as to ent(;rtain them into their houses, to 
give security unto them to .-ave the Town luinnlcss from any dania^re that may accrue unto 
them l)y their entertainmeut of such as afore-aid." It \vas likewi-e a:,'reed that John 
Evenscjii 1-e lurihwith warnei] to depart the town with all convenient speed! 

^ Stubl)S, .Select Charter.^, 470. 

IJ Stubbs, Select Charters, '6T1. 

1882.1 Constables. 181 

drecls and follow his behests in whatever rehited to the preservation 
of the King's peace. Whoever were found under arms and not 
deputed for the above purpose were to be arrested. If they refused 
to allow themselves to be arrested, then the constables of the hundreds 
and of the towns were to levy the Hue and Cry upon the offenders 
and pursue them from town to town {de villa in villam) until they 
were finally taken. We are here very evidently on the historic track 
of ancient Saxon customs. We are at once reminded of a law dat- 
ing back as far as the time of King Edgar (957-975) concerning 
the pursuit of a thief: "If there be present need, let it be made 
known to the hundrpd-man, and let him [make it known] to the 
tithing-men ; ani let all go forth to where God may direct them to 
go : let them do justice on the thief, as it was formerly the enact- 
ment of Edmund. — We have also ordained : if the hundred pursue 
a track into another hundred, that notice be given to the hundred- 
man, and that he then go with them."* There appears to be some 
connection between tlie llundredman of the days of King Edgar and 
King Ednumd (941-9-4G) and the Constable of the Hundred in the 
days of Henry HI. There surely is some relation between the 
Saxon Tithingman above mentioned and the Norman Petty Consta- 
ble. Although there is a gap of three hundred years, yet the bridge 
between these Saxon and Norman institutions is natural and un- 

When the Normans made the conquest of Saxon England they 
found the country self-governed. The whole land was minutely 
subdivided into so-called Hundreds, or Wapentakes, and Tithings. 
The origin of these local divisions is of very great antiquity. They 
root in the military institutions of the ancient Teutons, whereby kin- 
dred warriors were mustered by tens and hundreds. The Hundred 
was the institutional multiple of the Tithing. But in many cases 
the Hundred was the long Hundred of six score, and it appears that 
the Tithing was sometimes known as Dozeine (Dizaine-lU), for ex- 
ample in the Year Books of Edward IH. It seems probable that 
the Hundred may have frequently contained twelve Tithings, and that 
there was some connection between these twelve local units and the 
judicial re{)resentation of the Hundred by twelve men, although in 
the Shiremout and Ilundredmoot the Tithing, Town, or Parish was 
represented directly by its Reeve, or Constable, and four best men. 
Undoubtedly b(jth the Tithing and the Hundred were originally per- 
sonal in their composition. Ten or more warriors made a Tithing, 
and ten or more Tithings constituted the Hundred, of which possi- 
bly a type survives in the militia company of one hundred men, for 
there is no break between the military institutions of ^ledviieal and 
Modern England. When a Teutonic Host, or army, settled down 
by kith and kin in local precincts bearing the names of families, then 

♦ Thorpe, Ancient Laws and Institutes of England, i, 259, 2G1. 

182 Constables. [April, 

Titliings and Hundreds gradually became territorial in character, 
varying in size according to the amount of land occupied. In the 
more thickly settled parts of England Tithings and Hundreds are 
much smaller than in the more sparsely settled regions. Naturally 
with increasing population the numerical divisions would not re- 
main constant. There are cases known where a Tithing contained 
as many as eighty men. The point was that there must be at least 
ten heads of families in order to constitute a Tithing, Town, or 

Doubtless for a long period the Saxon Tithings and Hundreds 
sent their full quota to the muster of the Host, but gradually public 
demands diminished until finally, in tlie reign of Edward HI., only 
one man-at-arms, equipped and furnished for sixty days, was re- 
quired from each parish, although, if occasion demanded, the quota 
was increased. The requirement was always made of the Reeve 
and four best men, as representative of the town or parieh. It is 
interesting to note that, down to modern times, English parishes 
kept each their suit of "town armour," usually in the parish church, 
for which reason the arms were sometimes called " church armour." 
or "church harness." In the parish records of Kingston-on-Thames, 
is an item of thirteen shillings, four pence, paid in 1(J03 '' To James 
Allison and four others, for carrying the armour at the coronation." 
Here is perhaps the idea of military representation of the town by 
Reeve and Four. In the parish records of Fulliam, ^Middlesex, 
there is the following inventory of parish armor : " Anno 1583. Note 
of the armour for the parish of Fulham, viz. Fulham side only. 
First, a corslet, with a pyke, sworde, and daiger, furnished in all 
points, a gyrdle only excepted. Item, two hargobushes [arque- 
buses, German hahenhuechse, or gun with a hook, or forked rest], 
with flaskes and towch boxes to the same ; two morryons [helmets 
without visors] ; two swords, and two daigers, and two hanglesses 
unto two swords : which are all for Fulhame side only. All which 
armore are, and do remayne, in the possession and appointment of 
John Pulton or Xorthend, being constable of Fulham-syde the yere 
above wrytten." 

The local institutions of England developed from military germs 
implanted in the village community system of immemorial antiquity. 
The above example of town armor in the keeping of the constable 
is only a historical survival, suggesting the original martial charac- 
ter of the entire community. AVe must regard the local settlements 
of our Saxon forefathers as the permanent encampment of a Teti- 
tonic Host, by Ilundreils and Tithings, or I)v com{)anies and squads, 
under the command of Hundrcdmon and Tithingmen, who mustered 
their respective quotas from local precincts, and who, in the ml'l-t 
of agrarian pursuits, served as watchful sentinels, ever ready to 
arouse a peaceful population to arms. With the Saxons the ob- 
ject of wars and forays was to secure a better footing for peace. 

1882»] Co7istahhs. 183 

When the war or expedition was over, it remained the dnty of the 
Hundrednien and Tithingmcn, as local watchmen and police magis- 
trates, to keep the peace. Hence arose the civil functions of officers 
once pnrely military. The Saxon system of AVatch and AVard, 
•which is the germ of our modern police system, the Courts of the 
TithinsT and of the Hundred, wliich are «T:erms of the town meetin2:3 
and General Courts of Xew England, — these institutions, together 
with Petty Constables and Justices of the Feace, were all the out- 
orrowths of militarv befrinnin^rs. The ancient Tithini2:man became 
the Parish Constable, the kee[)er of the village peace and of the town 
armor, whose chief duty, as late as the time of the Tudors, was '' to 
prepare the muster of his district, which the constable of the sliire 
would embody in the array of the county, to be in turn marshalled 
in the army of tlie realm by the high constable of England."* Pal- 
grave says the mailed leader of the Hundred became a rustic peace 
officer, f But constables and their developed type, the modern 
policemen, are more interesting historically than justices of the 
peace, for the former represent the actual survival of a more or less 
military power in the midst of civil society. Constables may be 
plain men in civic garb, but let these quiet sentinels of slumbering 
towns and viTiages but give the alarm of approaching danger. The 
whole community springs at once to arms. The entire town, if 
necessary, becomes a constable's watch. The alarm will quickly 
spread from hamlet to hamlet, and from shire to sliire, until the 
whole people becomes again an armed host, a Landsturm sweeping 
peril from its borders. The American Revolution sprang from 
town meetings in the Xorth and parish meetings in the South, both 
warned by constaljles. Tiie great armies levied by both sections of 
country during our kite civil war, were but the u[)rising of tlie old 
militia spirit still lurking in our local institutions. And even the 
military system of Germany, with its power to draft the entire male 
population, must be regarded only as a more perfect development 
of primitive Teutonic institutions of a martial chara(*tcr. 

The Normans reconstructed England upon the basis of existing 
local institutiims. The Hundred and t!»e Tithing were both retain- 
ed, the latter, however, under the name of innumerable Townships 
and Parishes into which ancient Tithings had grown. The fact that 
Tithings arc not distinctly mentioned under that name in the Domes- 
day Book is not of such importance as GneistJ and other writers 
have alle^j^ed, for an oriicinal ^J'ithinnr of inhabitants verv natu- 
rally adopted some local name derived either from a leading family 

* The Parish in Histon-, 29. By a hereditary High Churchman. London, 1871. 
t^rrave. Eiii:ii-h Commonwealth, i. 201. 

*, VeruMlrunu'-rccht, i. .51, oO. Rut compare Palcrrave, Enir'i'^h Comnionwenlth 
ii. cxxi., where he show^ that territorial Titti'< existed in thi- rciirn ot Hiinv III. iVl\C,- 
72). and, indeed, as early as the reign ofAthel-tan (925-941). In the Rolls oftlic Itinerary 
of Devoni^liii-e, 23 Henry III., occur such entries us " Thedinga Ue Hcrticuiube," t'jiokea 
of as synonymous with the " Villa do IlcrticumUe." 

184 Constables » [April, 

or from geograplilcal surroundings. But the old name of Titliing 
lingered on, in connection with local names, in very many English 
counties, in Gloucestershire and AYorcestershire, and " in all coun- 
ties south of the Thames (except Kent and Cornwall) where they 
answer to the townships of other counties.''* Tithings still exist in 
the south-west of England, in Somersetshire and Wiltshire. ]Mr. 
Edward A. Freeman, the English historian, during his recent visit 
to Baltimore, informed us that he lived in the Tithing of Burcott, 
"Wells, County Somerset, which Tithing used to tax itself for local 
pur[)oses before the recent Poor Law and Highway Act. 

There can be no doubt as to the substantial identity of the insti- 
tutions of Saxon Tithingman and Xorman Petty Constable. In 
the liolls of Parliament belonging to the time of Henry VL (1422- 
61), these officers are spoken of synonymous, " Chescun Conestal)le, 
Tithingman, ou chief Plegge, de chescun Ville ou Hamell." The 
coexistence of the (^Id and new names may be thus explained. The 
head-men of the more important Tithings became known as Petty 
Constables, whereas in the vills and hamlets of less importance, 
although in the same neighborhood, the old Saxon Tithingmen re- 
mained. In some places they were called Chief Pledges, Elders of 
the Pledge or B(jrhs-Ealdors (corrupted in Lambard's time into 
Borsholders), Head-Boroughs, Borough-Reeves, Third-Boroughs 
and the like. "In some shires," says Landward, "where euerie 
Third Borow hath a Constable, there the officers of the other two 
be called Third-borowes."! In a special treatise on the duties of 
the Justice of the Peace, Lambard says: "To be short, euery Con- 
stable, petie Constable, Tithingman and. Borowhead, be Conserva- 
tors of the Peace by their offices within the limits of their Hundreds, 
Towns, Tithings and Boroughs. And by the same reason our Bors- 
holders in Kent and their Thirdborow in AVarwickshire be Conser- 
vators also within their Boroughs. For Borowhead, Borsholder, 
Tythingman l)e three seuerall names of one selfesame office, and doe 
signifie, the cliiefe man of the free pledges within tlie ]3or(jw or 
Tything."J Free Pledge or Frank Pledge is only a corruption of 
the Saxon Frlth-Borh or Peace-Pledge. It was the personal Tith- 
ing, the Tenmannetale of Y'orkshire, (^v ten men wdio were boimd 
together, under the authority of the Tithingman, to kcc[) the peace. 

The Saxon Tithingman and the Norman" Petty ConstaIj>le were 
both elective officers. They were the Selectmen of their neighbor- 
hoods. The Petty Constable, so called to distinguish him from the 
High Constable of the Hundred, continued to be elected by his Tith- 
ing, Vill, or Parish, down to recent times. He was elected in one 
of two ways, either in the Vestry-Meetinii^ of the Parish or in the 
Court Leet (German Leute) or pcjpular Court of the ^lanor. The 
Tithingman, Gercfa, Keeve, or Constable, appears to have acted as 

♦ Stahbs, Constitutional History of En^'land, i. 8G. 
t Lainbanl, Duties of Constable?, 8. 
X Lambard, Eirciiareiia, li. 

1882.1 €o7istahles. 185 

the agent of the Lord of the ^lanor, or of the Town, in regulating 
the Tithing and keeping the Pe;ice-Plec]ge of the httle cumnniniry, 
but " he seems," says Palgrave, " to have been usually nominated 
or el'ected by the tenantry, who chose hiui by the presentment of 
the Leet Jury ; at least, such was the general custom after the Con- 
quest, a custom 'which was recognized as a part of the traditionary 
Common Law, and to which we may assign the same antiquity as 
to the other portions of the system."* Sir Thomas Smith, an old 
English writer contemporary with the fathers of Xew England, says, 
" Constables are commonly made and sworn at the Leets, — chosen 
thereto by the homage : and they keep that office [though usually 
an annual one in England] sometimes two, three, or four years, 
more or less, as the Parish doth agree. "'f The connection between 
Parish and ^Manorial institutions is very close and sometimes confus- 
ing. The Court Leet appears to have been a kind of popular po- 
lice court for the town or parish over which a Lord had jurisdiction. 
The Leet was the common people sitting in judgment upon itself; 
it was a judicial survival of the primitive 2\tn Gemot or Town 
Meeting of the Saxon Tithing. The Vestry, or Parish Meeting, is 
only another civic form in which this ancient local institution has 
perpetuated its vitality. In some Parishes the Petty Constable was 
chosen at the Vestry fleeting instead of at the Court Leet, but what- 
ever the local custom in regard to the election of the constable, he 
was required to warn and be present at all Parish Meetings, and, 
before the time of Archl)ishop Laud, frequently presided over Parish 
deliberations. "The Parish makes the Constable," said Selden, 
"and when the Constable is made, he governs the Parish.''}: There 
can be no doubt but that the Petty Constable, like the ancient Sax- 
on Tithingman, was once the chief man of his neighborhood. 
Toulmin Smith says the Constable " formerly took precedence of the 
Churchwardens in Parish affairs. lie long ranked as the first man 
of the Parish. "§ 

We must regard the Parish and the ^lanor as institutions super- 
imposed upon primitive Village Communities, Tithings, Townships, 
Hamlets (or Vills) of the Saxons. Mr. Pearson is inclined to be- 
lieve that " the Tithing in many parts of England was the basis of 
the manor, the lord becoming the natural president of the Tithing 
Court, as he bought U{) the land or received the service of the free- 
holders by voluntary transfer. "|j The Church, too, built upon ex- 
isting foundations. Pagan villages like Totteridge (the ridge of 
Tuisco or Tutoj, AVednesbury (the borough ofA\'odan), Torring- 
ton (the town of Th<jr}, became Christian Parishes. 1[ Mr. Pearson, 

♦ Palcrrave, Eni'li-h Commonwealth, i. 67, 81, 82, 12t. 

t Sir Tlioinns Siiiitli, Conunonwcaltli of En^^Mand (1621), Book ii. cap. 25, quoted in Toul- 
min Sinitli's ** I'ari-h," 12). 

+ Scl<l<'n, T,.lk, " Peoplf." 

^ Touimin .^niith. The Pari.>li, 121. 

II Pear.'«on, Uiiitoiital Maps of England, 52. 

H "The Parish in History," 6. 


186 Constables, [April, 

in the preface to his Historical ^laps, says the priests adopted the 
secular divisions which they found ready to their hands. He lias 
shown in his maps the territ(r,-i:il identity of many ancient Saxon Tith- 
ings with modern English Parishes and Townsliips. He says, "Ten 
families constituted a tithing, the self-go vernino- unit of the state, 
which is now represented among us by the parish, and ten tithings 
were a hundred, whose court administered justice among the little 
communities themselves.'** Pearson has shown that the Hundreds 
of Devonshire contain on the average about ten Parishes each, a 
strong argument tor the historical identity of these civic units with 
the original territorial Tithings in Devonshire of which Palgrave 

Most important for this line of inquiry is a principle of the Com- 
mon Law which has been repeatedly enunciated in England, to the 
effect that wherever there is a Constable there is a Parish or a Town- 
ship. f " A separate Constable," says Toulmin Smith, "is an un- 
questioned criterion (^i'i the separate recognition of a Parish. The 
fact of having a Ct)nstable has always been the necessary incident of 
a Parish or Vill."± Chief Justice Hale observed on this poin.t : 
" One Parish may contain three vills : the Parish A may contain 
the vills xV, B, C ; that is, when there are distinct Constables in 
every one of them : but if the Constable of A doth run throuiih 
the whole, then is the whole but one vill in law."§ The term Vill is 
the Norman equivalent of the Saxon Tun, Town, or Tithinfr. 
Blackstone says, " Tithings, towns or vills are of the same signifi- 
cation in law." II The Parish often embraced several of these petty 
local divisions. In the time of Edward IV. some Parishes in Corn- 
wall are said to have prospered so much as to have become divided 
into as many as twelve or fifteen par^s, each treated as a Vill by it- 
self. Dou!)tless an original Tithing of inhabitants took up m<jre 
and more waste land as circumstances required, and, doubtless, with 
an increasing population, colonial hamlets sprang up, electing their 
own Tithingmen, becoming independent, or remaining more or less 
united under the comprehensive name of some one leading Tithing, 
Town, Parish or ^Manor, like the Villes or Parishes composing a 
New England Town.^ 

It is an interesting fact, which has never yet been emphasized, 
that the origin of New England towns is closely connected with 
military and constabulary institutions. As the Saxon Tithings and 
Hundreds began in the local settlement of armed bands, keeping 
corporate watch and ward, so originated the first "Wards" of Ply- 

• Pearson, Hist, of En;::land during the early Middle Ajres, i. 250. 

t Gneist, Self-Governrnt-nt in En^Mand, 81; Fischel, The English Constitution, 323. 

+ Toulmin Smith. The Parish, IG, 120. 

6 Wiildion V, Roscarriot, 1 M<jd('rn Rep., 78, quoted bj Toalmin Smith, 120. 

II Bl.ick^-tone, Corjimcntaries, i. 114. 

II 'I'lie muitipliciitioii of Villus or Pari'-hes within oritrinal town limits may be seen in a 
case like Newton, ikjw a city, l>ut once a town einhracing Newton C'-ntre, Newt'Miville, 
West Newton, Newton Upper P'alis, Newton Lower Fails, AuburndaJe, Newton Corner, Ike. 

1882.] Parris's Record of Deaths at Salem Village. 187 

mouth Colony. It should not he ignored thnt the first landing in 
New England was not that of missionaries or defenceless exiles upon 
Plymouth Kock, hut of armed men exploring Cape Cod, "with 
every man his musket, sword, and corslet, under tlie conduct of 
Captain Miles Standish." Undoubtedly the motives of the invaders 
were peaceful, but they came with arms in their hands, actually 
equipped with "armor" and "coats of made," with " curtlaxes and 
short swords." There are repeated references in the Pilgrim Jour- 
nal to the "armor" which they wore. They say, " We marched 
through boughs and bushes — which tore our very armor in pieces." 
When the explorers came upon a heap of buried Indian corn, the 
record says " we set our men sentinels in a round ring, all but two 
or three, which digged up the corn," of which the company took 
away as much as they could carry, " for we were so laden with ar- 
mor that we could carry no more." This corn the Pilgrims after- 
ward paid for when they found the owners, but their original pro- 
cedure is very remarkable. The setting of a cordon of sentinels for 
three men to dig corn was a state of armed peace worthy of the an- 
cient Saxons. When the explorers thought they were approaching 
an Indian village, they confess " v/e lighted our matches [match- 
locks] and prepared ourselves." Of course they did. They were 
Englishmen believing in self-defence. Every step of their advance 
was marked by cautious military measures. One night a great 
noise was heard. The sentinels called, "Arm! Arm!" The Pil- 
grims bestirred themselves and shot off a couple of muskets and the 
noise ceased. The next day a real attack was made by the Indians. 
Again the little company flew to arms. Captain Standish had a 
flint-lock ready, and " made a shot," and after him another. He 
told the rest "not to shoote till the} could take full aime." Some of 
the company ran out from the barricade " with coats of malle on, & 
cutlesses in their hands," to get their guns from the shallop, which 
secured they " let tlye " among the Indians " and quickly stopped 
their viidence." Thus "it pleased God to vanquish our enemies and 
give us deliverance."* 

fTo be continued.] 


Copied for the Register from tlic Church Records br Samuel P. Fowler, Esq., 
of Danvers, Mass. 

1688. " Persons departed by death in Salem Village." 

June 24. Eliz. wife to Nathaniel Putnam ... 60 

JSov. 2L Ruth wife to Abr. Walcott . . . . 37 

• ThC'-e details and nianv more of a similar chararter may ho found in Youn:r's Chron- 
iele.-^of rhfj fiigriins (or Dexter's Mourt's Rclatiouj and in Bradiord'a History of PiymouiU 


Parris's Record oj Deaths at Salem Village, [April, 






























Natlianiel Shelden, son to W" vSheldeu, well on monday, 
sick tuesdav, distracted on thursdav, and so continued 

till friday lie died . '. . . 10^ Willkins a very naughry man died very hopefully 52 

Sam^ Fuller at meeting at ye Sabbath well, before tues- 
day speechless and died this day J an hour before I 

came ...... 27 

Lydia, wife to John Willkins . . . 22 
Tabitha, daughter to James Smith, well and dead in 

four days . . . . . 15 

ISly Negro lad . . . . . 14 

Sarah, daughter of Aron TVay ... 2 

Kebeckah, wife to Henry Willkins ... 40 

Job Swinnerton ..... 88 

John Bishop killed with ye Indians ... 18 

Mary, wife to Sam' Brayford ... 32 

Thomas, son to Thomas Haines ... 1 

Benjamin Hoi ten ..... 33 

Rebekah, wife to John Shephard ... 37 
Nicholas Reed, Edward Putnams man killed with y* 

Indians . . . . . . 18 

John Coomes ..... 25 

Thomas Putnams child, not quite two months old . 00 

Thomas, son to Ezekiel Cheever ... 6 

Godfrey Shelden, killed by y® Indians . . 24 

Daniert:iliot son. born 26 of April 1689 . , 2 

Thomas , killed at Casko . . . 18 

Edward Crocker, killed at Casko . . . 19 

George Bogwell, killed at Casko . . . 16 

Benjamin Hutchinson, born 31 August last . . 00 

Jacob Phillips, of y^ Small pox ... 13 

Pricilla, daughter to Benj. Willkins . . 12 

Elizabeth, daughter to John Shepard at Capt. Putnams 3 

Sam' Lanes daughter, eighteen davs old . . 00 

William Sil)Iey . . ' . . . 37 

Berijtimi[i Stacey's son, ix<yoA almost three months . 00 

William Shelden, cut his knee pan by a fall about 2 weeks 80 

John Putnam daughter born 15 Feb. last . . — 

Daniel Willkins, bewitched to death . . 17 

daughter to Ann Douglass by witchcraft I doubt not 

John Andrews, of a consumption at Cambridge . 16 

William Tarl)ell, soldier at y^ Eastward . . 21 
Two children daughters, dead within half an hour after 

birth ...... — 

*' 21. William son to Sam' Kea, nine days sick and two years 

old last April ..... 2^ 

Nov. 21. Elizabeth, daughter to Thomas Preston . . 13 

" 28. Martha Newbury widow .... 37 


































— , 







1882.] Will of John BlacMeach,\(^ll, 189 


Sarah, daughter to Thomas Putnam, boru 26 of Dec. last 6mo. 
xVbortive daughter to John Wallcott lived not au hour — 

Elizabeth wife of Timothy Aldeu of Groteu omitted 

before . . . • • <'0 odd 

" 27. Ruth daughter to Job Swinnerton and buried the 28 inst. 
being the Lords day, and ye corps carried by ye meet- 
ing house door in y*" time of singing before meeting 
in y® afternoon, and more at y^ funeral than at y* 
sermon ...... 28 

Jan. 13. Edward Byshop, 3 years old 5^^ of March next . 3 

Feb. 3. Jacob, only son to Jacob Fuller well yesterday and dead 

this day ...... — 

Mar. 17. JNIrs. Mary Putnam widow .... 69 

A Negro Woman of said Putnam a few weeks ago 

A child of said Negro Woman a little after ye death of 

its mother ..... — 

Son of Joseph Pope stillborn ... — 

Son, to Jonathan Putnam 

Francis Nourse ..... 77 

Son, to John Hutchinson born Sept. 2^ last . . 3mo. 

Ruth Daughter to Henry Willkius . . . 6 

Gershon, son to John AVilden 14 years old last October 14 

Wife to John Martin not sick a fortnight . . 26 

Note by Mr. Fowler. — Mr. Parris makes no record of the death of his wife 
Elizabeth Ptirris. She died July 14, 1696. "' au^'d a'l'jut 48 years.'' She was buried 
in the Wad-worth burial irround in Danvers, wliere can be seen a gray slate-stone 
at the head of her grave bearing the tullowing inscription, with the mitiais of Sam- 
uel Parris at the buttom. 

" Sleep precious Dust, no stranger now to Rest, 
Thou hnst thy longed wish, wrhin Abraham's Brest, 
Farewell Best Wile, Choice Mother, Neighbour Friend 
We'll wail the less, for hopes of the in cue end."' 

S. P. 

Mrs. Parris was an estimable woman. See my account of her, published in the 
Danvers Mirror^ July 24, loSO, under the title " Salem Witchcratc." 

















CONN., 1G71. 

Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

^pHE following is copied from the Fourth Book of the Records of 
JL the Notary Publick of the Massachusetts Colonic of New Eng- 
land, pages 91, 92. 

John Blackleaeh and wife, in conjunction with Samuel Z^tLaverick, 
on the 27ih of Fel»riiary, 1()31:, sold the territory of " Wiiiesemet " 
to Kiciiard Bellingham. He was an inhabitant of Salem previous 
to March 6, lGo5, at which date he was made freeman. About 

VOL. XXXVI. 17* 

190 Will of John BlacIdeach.lQll. . [April, 

tliat time, with liis wife Elizabeth, he was admitted a member of 
Salem church. In 1636 he was a Deputy to the General Court. 
The town of Salem, in 1637, granted him 300 acres of land, but 
subsequently, in 1638—9, as he had " not sufficient ground to mayn- 
taine a plough" on the before granted quantity of land, "the towne 
for the furthering of his endeavours in plowing and for his incour- 
adgement therein," made him an additional grant. 

In 1669 his efforts for the conversion of the Indians are men- 

Mr. Blackleach died at AVethersfield, August 23, 1683.* 

In the name of god Amen, I John Blackleach of weathersfeild in the 
Jurisdiction of Connecticut doe make this my will and testimeut, tirst I Re- 
signe my Soule and all that is Caled mine into the hands of god my Cre- 
attor, beliueing that in and through the free and by mee vndeserued grace 
of god in and by ray blessed Saviower & Redemer Jesus Christ, I shall 
obtaine Justilication, euerlasting life & a JoyftiU Kesurection, I now being 
hvml>led, and vnfeinedly SorrowfuU for all my Sinns of Omission <S: Com- 
mission, first I doe giue and bequeath to my now wife Elizabeth all my 
Estate either lands goods or Cattelles (my debts being paid & funerail ex- 
pences) duringe her naturall Life, intreting her as she is able to hel;ie tljem 
most which are & shall be most dutifull to her & please her best, Solomaa 
& marie haue had least yet, therefore Consider them the more in Caues 
they be dutifull. & whereas I purchased lands of m' John Russell & of John 
Hubbard formei'ly lyinsr & being within wethersfeeld aforesaid, &■ in the 
Jurisdiction thereof, which I alsoe Recorded at hartford & made it ouer to 
my wife dureing her naturall life, & to ower Children, after ower death, 
my true intention therein was to ex[)resse my loue & Care to pruuide for 
my Said wife & to that end Recorded my act, but touching my Children, 
my intention was not to limit either my Selfe or wife So farr, (in the Said 
act record) but that it might for resonable Causes be altered to SuiTie one 
or more of them as might by us or ether of vs, be Judged meet upon due 
Consideration, now I doe will & bequeath to my Sonne John a duble por- 
tion of inheritance in the Said lands & to his heires, & because my Sonne 
Bennony & my Daughter Elizabeth haue had a portion each of them alrea- 
dy, & Solomon & ^larie but litle. therefore to Solomon & ]Marie my <,"hild- 
ren, in Cause they outliue mee & my wife, I giue twise So much as to Ben- 
nony & Elizabeth, if any of my Children die without issue, I desire it may 
be that his or their part, shall be the inheritance of the rest liueinge & to 
their issue, I doe further intreat my wife & Children that whereas I doe 
owe somethinge to m' Simond Linde, to m' John Hull & one or two more 
I purpose to pay them if I can, but if I doe not I intreat them to Sell some 
Land & to pay my debts, but in Cause they doe refuse Soe to doe, & that 
my power be Soe abated by any former Act that I cannot doe it I hope it will 
for tlie future instruct mee. & other parents to be well advised in their act- 
tings in cause my aforesaid wife doe outliue mee I doe desire shee may be my 
executor & my administrator if by aduise shee Soe accept of it, or either to 
be executor or administrator I doe pur[)Ose to Record this my will but with 

• See Savn;x(-'s Dictionary, I. ISO; Suffolk Dcfd?, Liber I. pp. 1-5, 25. 337; Felt's An- 
nals of Salem, the rir.-t and ^ccoIlll editions; and Collections of the Essex Institute, Vol. I.; 
Connecticut Colonial Kecoids, Vol. II. pp. Ill and 2-50. 


Taxes under Andros. 


this Caution that in Cause I See meet to make another will then the later 
to be in effect, dated in Boston tlie 16 of August one thousand Six hun- 
dred Seauenty and one: 

Sealed and delivered and 
published in psence of 

Robert Howard not publ 
Coloinoe massachusitt 
Jeremiah Howard 

By me Jonx Blackleach 
Seinor j his ) 

I seale j 

Entered at the request of 
said Blackleach the 22 of Aug 1671 
p Robert Howard not publ. 



JVb. XL 

[Continued from vol. xxxt. p. 127.] 


Deacon Edward Rice for 

persons and estat 
Jacob Ric for 

person and estat 
Thomas Barns for 

person and estate 
Increas Ward for 

person and estate 
Daniel Rice for 

Person an estate 
Thomas Beman for 

pessen and estate 
"Widow Plunt for 

person and estat 
Alexander Steward for 

person and estate 
Nathan^ Oak for 

person and estate 
Joseph How for 

person and estate 
Richard Barns for 

person and estate 
Joshua Rice for 

person and estat 
Edmond Rice for 

person and estate 
Samuel Ward for 

Persons and estat 
John Brigham for 

persons and estate 
Thomas Brigham for 

persons and estate 































00 05 09 
















Samuel Goodenow for 

person and Estate 
James Taylor for 

person and f>state 
Richard newton 
Moses Newton for 

persons and estate 
William Johnson for 

person and estate 
Jonathan Johnson Sen' 

for person and estat 
Jonathan Johnson Jun'" 

for person and estate 
Eleazer How for 

person and estate 
Robart Unjon 
Samuel Brigham for 

person aiid estate 
Isaac How for 

persons and estate 
Widow Ward 
Joseph Wait for 

Ensign Rice for 

persons and estate 
John Barret for 

persons and Estat 
John Bowker for 

person and estate 
John Barns Sen' for 

persons and estate 




























































Taxes under Andros. 


John Mathews for 

person and estate 
Abraham How for 

person and estate 
Daniel How for 

person and estate 
Deacon Ruduck for 

persons and estate 
"William ^V'ard for 

persons and estate 
John Woods sen"" for 

persons and estate 
Peter Goulden 

for person and estate 
Nathan^ Johnson for 

person and estate 
"William Kager for 

persons and estate 
John ffay for 

person and estate 
John Newton Sen"" for 

persons and estate 
Isaac woods for 

person and estate 
Samuel Wheelok 
John Bellows for 

person and estate 
Isaac Bellows for 

person and estate 
Eleazer Bellows 
Joseph Newton for 

persons and estate 
Zechariah Fharez for 

person and estate 
James Woods for 

person and estate 
Nath^ Joslin Jun"" 
Nath^ Joslin Sen' for 

person and estate 

Daniel Newton for 
00 03 04 person and estate 00 03 06 

Josiali How for 
00 0Q> 02 persons and estate 00 05 03 

Thomas Bruse Sen'' for 
00 03 11 4 persons and estate 00 OD 06 

Thomas How for 
00 11 02 person and estate 00 07 06 

James Sawyer for 
00 05 07 persons and estate 00 04 11 

Henrie Bartlit 00 00 06 

00 06 10 4 Obadiah Ward for 

persons and estate 00 07 10 4 
00 03 05 Samuel Stow for 

person and estate 00 03 11 4 
00 04 10 William Pope 00 01 OS 

Christo Porteniial 00 01 08 

00 08 00 John Johnson tor 

person and estate 00 05 08 
00 04 04 Abiel Bush for 

person and estate 00 03 04 
00 11 05 Thomas Bruse Jun^ 00 01 08 

John Bruse 00 01 08 

00 04 00 xVbraham Williams 
00 01 08 for persons and estate 00 00 03 

John Mahiard Jun'' 
00 03 11 for person and estate 00 04 06 

Isaac Amsden for 
00 02 08 person and estate 00 04 00 
00 01 08 Cap' Kerley for 

persons and estate 00 07 10 4 
00 05 01 John Mainard Sen^- 

for persons and estate 00 11 00 4 
00 02 09 Thomas Martin for 

persons and estate 00 07 02 
00 05 06 William Taylor for 
00 03 00 persons and estate 00 07 11 4 

00 05 05 

The Sum totall of the whole is 
The whol Number of the Males is one hundred and five 
The Names of the Constables are 
William Ward and John Hay 

By us Joseph Rice Commissioner 
Henrie Kerlie 
Nathaniel Joslin Sen"" 
(Select) John .Mainard Sen' (Men) 
Obadiah Ward 
John Wuo 1-, Sen' 
Isaac Amsden 
John Barns Sen' 
Abraham Williams 

19 03 03 4 


Signed p' y' Commission' 
Henrie Moodie 
Sam'^ Phippa 
Joseph Rice 
James Knapp 
■ Jamo:; Con^'^'^ 
John Cummincs 
John Whitmore 
John Mors 

1882.] Notes and Queries. 193 

John Bacheller 
Stephen hall 
[Endorsed] Tho: Greenwood 

Marlborough Rate 5 Sep* 1688 

£19 3 3 

jlhn^kj j ^^^^^^^' 



Brown and Sherdurne. — Andrew Sherburne, a pensioner of the navy of the Rev- 
olution, in his .Memoirs published in Providence in 1831. mentions a visit to that 
place in January, i^3l, and says : " I was highly gratified in the company of friend 
Moses Brown, who is over tour score and ten ; his faculties seem as bri<rlit as if he 
was but sixty, . . . told him that it would be a gratiiication it he would place his 
name upon my book. ' yes,' said the old patriarch, and wrote, ' 2^Ioses Brown, 
aged 92 years, 3 months and 25 days,' in as fair a hand as is generally written. 
I had the curiosity to write as follows, viz. : ' X descendant of Chad Brown, the 
father of John Brown ; wlio was the father of James : who was the lather of the 
second James ; who was the lather of the present Moses Brown, who has now great- 
grandchildren.' " 

This Andrew Sherburne was born at Rye, N. H., Sept. 30, 1765. and was after- 
ward of Oneida County, New York, where he had sons and daughters. He men- 
tions many of his family relations and connections, among others, his brothers 
Thomas, Samuel, George and John, and his eigiit sisters ; and states that his tatiier, 
born 1739, was Andrew Sherburne, the son of Dea. John Sherburne of Portsmouth, 
N. H., who traced his pedigree to one of the earliest settlers of that place. 

J. G. White. 

_ Samuel Hcrst. — The following extract from a manuscript genealogy of the Ger- 
rish family has been copied for the Kegistek by W". S. Jameson, Esq., of Port Gam- 
ble, Washington Territory : 

Sir William Pepperell was married in Boston Feb. 2lst, 1722, to Miss Mary 
Hurst, and died at Kittery, Me., July 6th, 1759. Lady Pepperell had a brother Saa> 
uel, of whom the following rcmarka!)le circumstance is related. He was walking 
down IvOng Wharf. Bjst on, Jan. 14th, 1727, when he suddenly fell dead, as was 
supposed. Bat was buried alive, as was afterwards ascertained. About three 
weeks after Mr. Hurst was buried the tomb was opened for the purpose of intering 
some one of the family, when to their great horror they found that he had broken 
open his cofan and had made his way to the door of the tomb, where after eating 
the flesh from iiis arms and legs, he starved to death. The substance of the above! 
gathered from an old colored woman by the name of Molly Miles, during a conver- 
sation I had with her in the spring of 1826, when in the 107th year of her age. 
She was very intelligent, and lier memory was apparently unimpaired. She says 
it wns very ali'ecting to Lady Pepperell, and was hushed up as much as possible in 
the family. 

Molly was born in Col. William Pepperell's family at Kittery May 9th, 1719, 
and was broui^ht up in the family of his son Sir William. She related many pleasant 
anecdotes of both Colonel and Sir William. She .=ays Col. P. was a very large, port- 
ly man, that the young folks would get his small clothes and draw them on over a 
hogshead, and they would meet around and button. In speaking of Sir ^Villlam'8 
dt^th, she said it lja[)rtened ordy a.';<iut seventy years aiio. Mrs. Miles died in tho 
alms-house at Elliot, Maine, March 7tli, 1827, aged one hundred and seven ytars 
and ten months. Siie retained her mental liicuities to the last, walked with a firm 
ste]), and perfectly erect, had not a wrinkle in her face, and could read the smallest 

194 N'otes and Queries, [April, 

print without spectacles in lS-25. She walked thirty miles in four days apparently 
without fatigue. — F'ro/n a Manuscript Genealogy of the Gerrisk Fa/nily, by Andrew 
Gerrish, Esq., 18-J8. 

EsTES. — The following: entries were copied some years ago by R. C. In^rahnm, 
librarian of the Free Public Library, New Bedford, from an old bible which 
passed throuffh his hands. 

" Richard Estes, His liook, Boht at Sea of Thomas Edwards, 9mo 1084, the 11th 
of ye 7 ni'^ Cam from ye Downes, the *J7th of the 9th rao ARiued at Boston, the llth 
of ye 10™"^ aRived at Piscattaqua, Each S'^ Dayes Being ye fifth of ye week. la 

** Richard Estes His Book, Boht by him at Sea ye 9 mo lfiS4, of Thomas Edwards, 
m*of S*^ Shippe, Coled y^ Sarah Coming, Came In Piscattaqua the 11''^ of the 10 
month, 16S4." 

Weed. — The "History of Amesbury " states, p. 157, that the wife and three 
children of Nathaniel Weed died in one day, July 4, 1706, of " throat distemper." 
D. ^V. Hoyt, in the Amesbury " Villager " of Jan. '26, IS8-2, prints a letter which 
shows that they were killed by Indians. This Indian massacre of 1706, whereby 
nine or ten persons were killed or carried away, is also mentione<;i in the '*■ Journal 
of the Rev. John Pike," of Dover, published in the '' Proceedings of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society," September, 1875, vol, xiv. 143. 

fiussEY. — The following record has been copied for the Regtster by Winfiekl S. 
Dennett, Esq., librarian of York Institute, Saco. Mo. Mr, Ilu'^sey, w!io made the 
record, Mr. Dennett states, was an inhabitant of the " Pool " (Fletcher's Neck) in 
Biddeford, Me., one of the first settlements in'that part of the country. He has de- 
scendants now living there. 

Paul Hussey, Father of Christopher Hussey Born June 23 17-30 

Died Dec. 30 1^03 
My Mother, Hannah Hussey . . . Born Feb. 25 17-29 

Died Feb. 28 1804 
I, Christopher Hussey .... Born Nov. 8 1769 
My Wife, Eunice Hussey . . . Born Nov. 21 1771 

We wtis married .... Nov, 27 1794 

Our Daughter Sarah .... Born Nov. 12 1795 

Our Son Paul ..... Born Aug. 30 1797 

Our Son John .... Born Aug. 2 I.-jOO 

Our Daughter Sarah .... Died Jan. 23 1310 

Her son Christopher .... Born Jan. 22 1810 

Our Son Paul njarried to Polly Goldthwait . Jan 26 1S21 

Their Son William ... . Born Oct. 20 1821 

Our Son John married to Sarah Tarbox . . Nov. 29 1821 

Paul's Daughter Eunice . . . Sept. 24 1823 

Paul ...... Born Feb. 9 18-27 

Martha ..... Born May 9 H29 

Our Son Paul ..... Died Dec. 10 1832 

A copy of the record written by Christopher Hussey Born Aug. 11 1769. Died 
May 31 1834. 
Eunice, wife of Christopher Died Jan. 7 1851. 


Ladd. — Nathaniel Ladd. son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Giiinan) Endd, married 
Catharine Oilman, dau. of Erlward (jilinan, of Exeter, N. II. I'heir children : 

1. Nathardel, b. ; m. Anna Hilton. 2. Daniel, b. . 3. E Uvard, b. 

June 22, 1707; m. Catiiarine Thing. 4. Josiah, b. May 19, 1713 ; m. Sarah Morse. 
5. Elias, b. ; m. Ann Gilnian. 

His wife died and lie married Mrs. Mercy Hilton, \vid')W of Dudley Hilton and 
daughter of Hon. Kin-lev and Elizaheth (Dudley) Hall. Children hv sec tnd wifo : 

6. Paul, b. Marcli 6, 'l7l9; m. Martha Fulsufu. 7, Love, b. Murch 0, 1719. 
8. Dudley, b. ; m. Alice Hurley. 9. Mary, b. . 

1882.] Ifotes and Queries, 

Can any of your readers inform me the date of his first and second marrlan^e ? "Who 
Daniel (2), Love (7), and Mary (9), married? Also the date of birth ot Daniel, 
Nathaniel, Elias, Dudley and 3iary? There is a tradition tiiat Nathaniel had three 
Other wives. I^ this true? If so, will s une one give me their names, and the child- 
ren, if nny, he had by each ? Any other facts in regard to thia family will ba re- 
ceived with pleasure. Warre^' Ladd. 

New B til ford. 

Peter Cooper, Savage s;iys, was of Rowley in 1B43. and may have removed to 
Rehoboth, tlu're buried 28 Feb. 1678. Who were his descendants, and wht-re did 
thev settle ? Edward D. Harris. 

159 Remsen St., Brooklyn, iV. Y. 

Christian' Names common to both Sexes. — In Fuller's " History of "Warwick, 
R. I.," page Cr2, tiiere is an example given of the use of a male prenomen (Philip) 
for a female, and a female prenomen ( Kliza) tor a male. I would like to ask to what 
extent this practice prevailed in the early days of New England. 1 am inclined to 
the belief that prenomens are the outgrowth of civilization, and that they were 
often family names. And further, I suepecc that the distinction of gender in the 
nora is of more recent origin than the use of a first name itself. We have 
many examples of family names being used as the first names for both sexes without 
change of spelling. Toe name of Sidney is one in point. An example of family 
names when used as christian names which also indicate sex, is found in James 
and May. 

If this subject has not been discussed, or the history and principle upon which 
first names have originated and been develooed. I would be pleased to have you call 
attention to the matter in your Notes and Queries. J. M. Toner. 

615 Louisiana Avenue, Waskinrjlon, D. C. 

[See Register, xvi. 16, for an extract from Rev. Thomas Fuller's " Holy and Pro- 
fane State,*' in which '* Francises and Phiiii^ci, names agreeing to both sexes," are 
spoken of.] 

Robinson. — Geor^re Robinson died in Needham, Mass.. in August, 1726, aged 
about 70 years. Information is desired with regard to his ancestry, family, etc., "by 
Maryviile, Mn. Dr. 11. E. Robinson. 

Colt.— I desire information relative to 'he family of Colt, in Georgia or South 
Carolina. I fiarticularly desire to trace a Rebecca Ann Colt, born about 1745. 
Barminrj Rectory, Maidbtone, Eng. - T. W. Cars. 


Hovev. — SavniTP in hi" dictionary gives Rebecca, dauiihter of Robert Andrews, 
as the wife of Daniel Hovey (of Ipswicii. 1637), and m-trier of his ciuldren. 
Finding iiotliini; to the contrary in the will ot Rol/ert Andrews. 1613. in which 
he releis to •• i^on Daniel Hovey's child,"' 1 followed the same theory in the brief 
notice of Daniel ilovey in the Register for last October, p. 3.39, but I now find 
in the Essex (.'ounty Probate records, vol. 2, p. 714. a letter from Daniel Hovey, 
Senior, to the: Court, cmcerning his life's brotlier Thomas Andrews, the school- 
master of Ip-wich, dated September 27, 1683, in w'lich he says he had six sons 
and one dauiriiter by Ab/fjail, the sister of Mr. Andrews, whom he matched with 
more t!>an forty years a^o. and five of which sons were then living, viz. : Daniel, 
John, ThumaH, Joseph and Nathaniel. Henry E, Waite. 

** An Answer to "W. R.'s Narration " (antf^, p. 3S). — The author of the " Nar- 
ration " vtas William Rutkband, not William Rutherford, a^ printed (»n the page 
referred to. William B. Trask. 

196 I^otes and Queries. [April, 

Historical and Genealogical Intelligence. 

A New IIistort of the United States. — The fourth volume of the " Memorial 
Hi.^tnry of Bo'^ton," completing the \Turk, has been published, and the editor. Jus- 
tin Winsor, A.M., librarian of Harvard University, enc^iiraired by the success 
which has attended it. has announceda new '* llistury of the United State.-,"* on 
the f^ame plan, under his editorial supervision. Jsuuie of the principal autlvjrs of 
the former work will contribute to this. To thes^e will be added writers of aV'ility 
in different sections of the union. The work will make ei^ht quarto volumes of the 
size and appearance of the Memorial History. 

The Magazine of American History. — This magazine, which has attained a 
high reputation under th.e management of its founder and first editor, John Austin 
Stevens, Esq., and which we have had frequent occasion t(^ notice in the Kegister, 
has been delayed in its issues this year l:)y a chauLce in its editors, Mr Stevens retir- 
ing with the January number, and the Rev. Dr. B. F. De Costa assuming editorial 
charge witli the number for February. We are glad to learn that the ^ervlces of 
so cotupetent a successor to Mr. Stevens have been obtained. Dr. Do Costa is well 
known to the readers of the Register by the learned contributions which he has 
made to its pages. His many and able contriKmtions to the historical literature 
of America have also been brought to their notice by us as they a[)peared. Under 
his management, we anticipate That the interest and value of this excellent raaga-!;ine 
will be fully sustained. Prof. Henry P. Johnston of the New York free College, well 
known as a historical writer, will assist Dr. De Costa. 

The work is published monthly at ;>^5 a year, postage paid, by A. S. Barnes k Co., 
New York city. 

The History of the 27th Regiment Mass. Vol. Infantry during the late War. 
*— W. P. Derby, of Springfield, Mass., is preparing a hi.-tory of this regiment which 
will be ready for press in about two mouths. This rei:iment it is said stands 
first in marks of service of the sixty regiments of infantry that left the state. Per- 
sons having facts or documents bearing upon the history of this regiment, are re- 
queste<l to forward them to the author. The book will be an octavo of from oCH) to 
600 pages, illustrated by official maps from the War Department, and heliotyoes of 
its leading officers. Price in cloth, ,$3 ; full library, ^4 ; half mor. $5. 

Town Histories in Preparation. — Persons having facts or documents relating 
to any of these towns, are advised to send them to the person engaged in writing 
the history of that town, 

Woodstock, Conn. By Clarence W. Bowen. — Mr. B owen is collectinsr material 
for the history of this town, and any information about the town, or re.iarding Jam- 
ilics who have lived in the town, will be gladly received. Address office of '" The 
Independent," 251 Broadway, N. Y. ' • , 

Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the .several names are advised to fur- 
nish the eojnpilers of the=e genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information wliich they think will be useful. We w.juld sugire-Jt tiiat all iitcts of 
interest illustrating the family history or character be communicated, e?pe>;ially 
service under tiie U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation Irom 
college or professional schools, occupation, with dates and places of birth, marriage, 
residence and deatli. 

Folsom. By the Rev. Jacob Chapman, 7 >Hddle Street, Exeter, N. H. (Regis- 
ter, XXX. 231 ; xxxiii. 248.) — This work will be put to press as soi.n as the author 
receives orders for a sufficient number of copies to meet the additional expense of 

Smcijfr. By .Amory Carter, of W<jrce^ter, Ma=s. — Mr. Carter, who is a dc-cend- 
ant of Thomas Sawyer, an early settler of F^owiey and Lanea.-ter (Rli;!;T!::^i. axxv. 
104), is now engaged in preparing a history and genealogy of the iawyer family. 

1882. J Societies and their Proceedings, 197 


Xew-England Historic, Gexealogical Society. 

BdsIoti, Mass., W'edripsday, January 4, 18S-2. — The annual meeting: was held at 
the Si)ciety's II«>u>:e. IS Souit-rset btreer. this utternunn, at three o'clock, the presi- 
dent, the lluti. .Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., in the ciiair. 

The recording {Secretary, UuviJ G. Ilaskins, Jr., read the record of the proceed- 
ings of the December meetini^. 

The Rev. Henry A. IlazenT for the nominating committee, reported a list of offi- 
cers and committees tor the year 1882 ; and the persrons nominated were unanimous- 
ly elected, viz. : 

President.— Won. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D.. of Boston, Mass. 

Vice-Presidents. — Hon. Israel Washburn, LL.D., of i\«rtland. Me. ; Hon. Jo- 
seph B. Walker, A.B., of Concord. N. H. ; Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D.. of Benning- 
ton. Vt. ; Hon. George C. Riehardson, of Boston. Mass. ; Hon. John R. Eartlett, 
A.M., of Providence, K. L ; Hon. Marshall Jewell. A.M.. of Hartford, Ct. 

Honorary Vtct-Presidmts. — Hon. Rutherford B. Hayes, LL.D., of Fremont, 
Ohio; William A. Whitehead, A.M.. ul Newark. N. J. ; William Duane. of 
Philadelphia, Pa. ; Hon. Wdliam A. Richardson. LL.D., of Washington, D. 0. ; 
Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, 111.: Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., 
of Crawfordsville. Ind. ; Lyman C. Draper, LL.D., of Madison, Wis. ; Rt, 
Rev. William S. Perry, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport, Ljwa ; Rev. William G. Rliot, 
D.D., LL.D., of Jic. L<juis, Mo.; Rt. Rev. William 1. Kip, D.D., LL.D., of 
San Francisco, Cal. 

Correspondiny Secretary . — Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, 

Recording Secretary. — I)avid Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M , of Cambridge, Mass. 

Treasurer. — Benjamin Barstow Torrey, of Boston, Mass. 

Historiographer. — Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D.. of Newton, Mass. 

Librariaa. — John Ward Dean, -\.M., of Boston. Mass. 

Directors. — Hon. George C. Richardson. Boston; flon Nathaniel Foster Safford, 
A. B., Milton; Hon. Jam^^s W.Austin, A.M., Boston; Cyrus Woodman, A.M., 
Cambridtre ; J. Gardner White, A.M., Camhridire. 

Directors ej-oJlno.—Uun. Marshall P. Wihler, Ph.D , Boston: Rev. Edmund 
F. Slafter, A. -M., Boston ; David G. Haskins, Jr., A.M., Cambridge; Benjamin 
Barstow Torrey. Boston ; John Ward Dean. A.^L, Boston ; Rev. Increase N. Tar- 
box, D.D., Newton ; John T. Ha.s^am, A.-NL. Boston; ilenrv Edwards, Boston ; 
Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Boston; Hon. Thomas C Amory. A.M.. B^)<ton ; Wil- 
liam B. Tra-k, Boston; Frederic Kidder, Melrose; Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., 
Boston; William H. Whitmore, A.M., Bo.^ton ; Albert H. Hoyt, A.M., Cincin- 
nati, 0.; ivcv. Caleb D._ Bradlee, A.. ^L. Boston ; James F. Hunnewell, Boston; 
Hon. John Cumminiis, W^oburn ; John Foster. Boston. 

Committee on Finance. — Henry Edwards, Boston, Chairman; Hon. Charles B. 
Hall, Boston ; Hon. Samuel C. Cobb. Boston; Hon. Alvah A. Barrage, Boston; 
Addison Child, Boston ; Benjamin B. Torrey. B^jston, ei-nfficio. 

Committee on Publication.— John Ward Dean, A.M., Chairman; Rev. Lucius R. 
Paige, D.D., Cambridi^pj Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., B^-ton ; Jeremiah Col- 
burn, A.M., Boston ; William B. Tnisk, Boston ; Henry H. Edes, Boston ; Henry 
F. Waters, A.B.. Salem. 

Comrnilti e on Memorials. — John Ward Dean, A.M.. Chairman; Rev. Henry A. 
Hazen, A.>L, Auburndalc ; J. (Gardner White, A..^L, CambridL'e ; William B. 
Trask, Boston ; Daniel T. V. Huntoon. Canton ; .Vrthur M. Alger, LL B., Taunton. 

Committeeon Heraldry. — Hon. Thomas C. Amory, A.M., B >ston. Chairman; 
Abner C.Goodell, Jr., A.M., Salem ; Au^ubtus I'. Perkins, A.M., Bjston ; George 
B. Chase, A.M., Boston ; Walter Lloyd Jeliiies, A.B., iiostoa ; John C. J. Brown, 

Committee on the Library.— John T. Hassam, A.M., Boston, Chairman; Willard 
S. Allen, A.M , Boston ; Jeremiah Colburn. A. .NL, B^-ston ; William B. Trask, 
Boston; Dcloraine P. Corey, Maiden; John Ward Dean, Boston, ei-ojjicio. 

Committee on Papers and Essays. — Rev. Dorus Clarke. D.D., Chairman; Rev. 
Incre;Lse N. Tarbox, D.D., Newton; Ptcv. David G. Uiskins, S.T.D., Canibnd"-e ; 
TOL. ixivi. 18 

198 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

William C. Bates, Newton ; Charles C. Coffin, Boston ; Rev. Artemas B. Muzzey, 
A.M., Cambridge ; Kev. Henry A. Hazcn, A.M., Auburndale. 

Col. Wilder havins:, for the fifteenth time, been elected president of the s^iciety, 
proceeded to deliver his annual nddrc^^s, which is printed in fall in this number of 
the Register {ante, pp. 120-38). 

Committi'fS were appDinted to prepare resolutions of respect to the memory uf the 
following; vice-presidents of the s jciecy recently deceased, namely, on Kev. Edwin 
A. Dulrymple. S.T.D.. of Maryland, the Kev. Edmund F. Shatter and John Ward 
Dean, A.M. ; on tiie Hm. R .here S. Hale, LL.D., of New York, the Hon. Nathan- 
iel Safford and J. Gardner White, A.M.; and on the Rev. Leonard Bacon, D.D , 
LL.D., uf Connecticut, the Rev. Henry A. Hazen and the Kev. Increase N. Tar- 
box, D.D. 

The followinir annual reports were presented : 

The Kev. Edmund F. Slafter, the eorrespondina: secretary, reported that fifty-one 
resident and ten correspond in 12; members have been added to the society durini^ 
the year. He also refioried the usual correspondence relating to hi>torical suljeets. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarliox, D.D., the hiscoriograpiier, reported the numt>er of 
members who have died during the year, as tar as known, to be h>rty, and that tlieir 
average age was seventy years, nine months and lour da\"s. .Memorial sketches of 
deceased members have been prepared and printed as promptly as the space at com- 
mand would allow. 

Benjainin B. Torrey, tlie treasurer, reported the total income for the year to be 
$3,540.73. and tlie current expenses ."<3..530.38, leaving a balance on hand of ,><10.35. 
The receipts for life-membership were .^300.00, making the present amount of the 
fund .s'.i.747.74. Th.e amount of the fund for the support of the librarian is 
$12,763 13; of the Bradbury Fund, <2.500.00; of the Tov,'ne Memorial Fund, 
§4.95l.'J4; of the Frir^tow Fund, .<l,OoO()0: of the B^md Fund, ^777.71; r.f the 
Cusliman Fund, ,>^C6.27 ; and of the Sever Fund. o.OdO.OO ; making a total for the 
several funds, in the hands of the treasurer, of ,^37.806.7'J. 

John W. Dean, the librarian, reported that 563 volumes and 2,833 pamphlets had 
been added to the library during the year, of which 511 volumes and 2,69U pamph- 
lets were donations. The library now contains 17,159 volumes, and 54,.i3l 

Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., chairman of the library committee, reported important 
additions to the society's collections of state, county, town and tamily histories. 
The limited funds j)iaced at the committee's disp(.»>al have been judiciously expended. 
More money is greatly needt-d for the purchase and binding ot books. 

John W. Dean, chairman of the publishing committee, rept;rted that the Regis- 
ter to January, 1832, and the annual proceedings for 1881, had been i.ssued under 
their charge since their last report. 

The Kev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., chairman of the committee on papers and essays, 
reported that nine papers had been read before the s(jciety during the year. 

J. Gardner White, secretary of the committee on memorials, reported the com- 
pletion of the second volume of Memorial Biographies printed at the charge of the 
Townc Memorial Fund. 

Thanks were voted to the president for his address, and the publishing committee 
were directed to print the address, with an abstract of the other proceedings. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Mondau, Feb. 27, 1882. — A special meeting to commemorate the .seven- 
ty-fifth anniversary of the birth ol' the poet Longfellow, who was born in Portland 
February -Jl, 1807, was held this evenini;, the lion. W. G. Barrows, vice-president, 
in the ciiair. Many relics of the Longiellovv family and mementos of the }> oet him- 
self were displayed in the library. The exercises took place m Reception hall. 

Judge Barrows opened the meeting by an appropriate address. On motion of E. 
H. Elwell the following telegram was sent to Prof. Longfellow : 

Portland, Feb. 27. 
To II. W. Longfellow, Cambridge, Mass. : 

The members of the Maine Historical Society, assembled with friends to honor 
your 75th birthday, send greetings and congratulations. 

11. W. Bryant, Rec. Sec'y- 

Later ia the evening the following reply was read : 

1882.] Societies and their Proceedings. 199 

. Carabridcre, Feb. 27. 
H. W. Bryant, Recording: Secretary Maine Historical Society, Portland, Me. : 

Your telegram received. I return cordial thanks to tiie meiubers o'i the society, 
and am ^jratet'ul for this si;^nal mark of their remembrance and rtizard. 

Henry NV. Longfellow. 

James P. Baxter read a poem, " Laus Laureati." At the clo8e, amid the ap- 
plause of the audience, he placed a crown of oak leaves g-.ithered from " Deering'g 
woods,'' upon ti)e bust of Li)ngfellow. 

Papers were then read by tlfe Rev. H. S. Burra<re, of Portland, on " Lonfrfellow 
and his Paternal Ancestry ;'' by the Hon. William Goold. of Windham, on " Gen. 
Peles Wadsworth ;" by E. H. Ehvell, of Portland, on ■'The Portland of Long- 
fellow's Youth ;" by Prof. Alpheus S. Packard, D.D.,on " Longlell()W as a Stu- 
dent and Profesj^or at Rowdoin Collesre ;'' and by the Hon. George F. Talbot, of 
Portland, on "The Genius of Lonofelluw." 

Owing to the lateness uf the hour, the following letters which had been received, 
were not read : From the Hon. James \V . Bradbary, of Augusta, the president of 
the society ; from the Hon. Israel Washburn, Jr., enclosing a poem; from Prof. 
John S. Sewall, of Bangor ; an<i from Mr. Looirlellow hiuiself. The last was_ sim- 
ply a note to his classmate, Mr. Bradbury, the president, regretting iiis inability to 
be present. 

The interest in these exercises was shared by every risident of his native city. 
Among those present were Mrs. ]\Iary L. Greenieaf, of L'amln'idge. anti Mrs. Anne 
L. Peirce, of Portland, sisters of the f)'>et. Alexander Longfellow, his brother, and 
William P. P. Longfellow, of Boston, iiis nephew. 

Judire Barrows's address, Mr. Baxter's poem and the several papers were printed 
in full in the Portland Advertiser Feb. 28, 1882. 

Nova Scotia Historical Society. 

Halifax^ Jan. 5, 188-2 — A meeting was held this evening in the Legislative Li- 
brary, the Rev. Dr. Hill in the chair. 

Mr. Hannay read a paper entitled *' Who was Lebel?'' About 1S27, a large 
Stone bearing the inscription, " Lebel, 1013," was found in Lower Granville. N. S. 
It has excited mucli curiosity, and has been made the subject of a poem by Mr. W. 
Arthur Calneck. Mr. Hannay arrives at the conelusion, from variou.s documents 
which he cites, that the Lehel of 1643 was William Lebel, a man of business in 
Paris, who resided awriile in Acadia; and that the stone was only a memorial 
placed above the gate or door of Lcbel's dwelling to mark the date of its erection, 
a frequent custom there at that time and even now: 

In the discussion that followed tnis paper, it came out that Mr. Hannay had over 
twelve hundred manuscript pages of matter relating to the French occupation of 
Acadia, translated into English. It was voted that a committee of live be appointed 
to report at a future meeting upon the value of the manuscripts, and also a plan 
for securing tlic cuoper;ition of tiie government of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and 
Prince Edward l.^land in publishing the complete documentary history of Acadia. 
Gov. Archibald, Dr. Hill, W. D. Harrington, T. B. Akin and J. T. Bulmer were 
chosen this comuiittee. 

Propored Historical Society at Fredericton, N. B. 

Fredencton, New Brunsicirk. Thursday, Dec. 2*2. IS81 . — A meeting of some of 
the leading citizens of Fredericton. the capital of the prc>vince of New Brunswick, 
to take measures for forming a historical s.jciety in this city, was held at 4 o'clock 
thi.s afternoon in the council chamber, .Mr. Fisher, mayor of the city, in the 

J. T. Bulmer, correspotidinir secretary of the Nova Scotia Historical Society, ad- 
drci^sed the meeting on the advanta<:es derived from such s.^cieties.and gave a glance 
at the work done Ijy them in Nf>va Scotia and in the several United States. 

It was voted to take immediate steps to form a historical society, and Hon. J. J. 
Eraser. George E. Fenety, G. H. Luijrin and A. Archer were appointed a commit- 
tee to draft a constitution to be reported at a future meeting. 

Rhode-Island Historical Society. 
Providence, Tuesday, Nov. 15, IB-^L— A stated meeting was held this evening, 
the prcbident, the Hon. Zachariah Allen, LL.D., in the chair. 

200 Societies and their Proceecliiig'^, [April, 

Claudius B. Farnsworth. of Pawtneket, read a paper on " The Burial Grounds 
of Rhode Lshind." Remarks followed from geveral members. 

Nov. i29. — A stated meetini^ was held this eveninir, Pre'^ident Allen in the cliair. 
Hon. Abraham Payne read a pvperon '" The Separatists of Windham County, 
Connecticut, " wliicli was followed by remarks from several members. 

Dec. 13. — A fortnifjhtly meetinir wa<: held this evenin:;. lion, Zieliariah Allen, 
the president, read a paper on " The Fraud perpetrated on Uuguenots who settled 
in Riiode Island.'' 

Dec. 31. — A meetin!? was held this evening, at which Henry C. Dorr read a paper 
on '' Providence Plantations: Hindrances to their Growth and Development." 

New Hatex Colont Historical Society. 
OlJicers for 1S8-2. 

President— Ke^ . E. Edwards Bearsdley, D.D. 

Vict-Pres2d€nt — Thomas R. Trowbridge, Esq. 

'Ireasurer — Natiian Peck, Esq. 

Secretary — Thomas R. Trowbridge, Jr. 

Dircrtors~?ixA'<,. Simeon E. Baldwin, James M. Hoppin, Johnson T. Piatt, E. 
H. LefEngwell ; Henry Trowbridge, Esq , Henry L. Hotchkiss, Charles Henry 
Townscnd. E-^q., CharUs Dickerman, Charles L. English, J. Attwater Barnes, 
James Ct. F^nglish, Getjri^e Petrie, F. E. llotchkiss, Charles Peterson, Joseph B. 
Sargent, E. H. Bishop, Eli Whitney. 

New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 

Officers for 18S2. 

president— Henry T. Drowne. 

Vice-Presidents — Eilswi^rth Eliot. M.D., James Grant W^ilson. 

Correspondinrj S^:crctary—\\c\-\r\ R. Stiles, M.D. 

Recording Secretary — Alrick H. Man. 

'J'reasurer — <3corgf^ H. Butler, M.D. 

Librarian — Samuel Burhnns. Jr. 

Registrar of Ptdiyrees — William Remsen Mulford. 

Ejcenitive 'Co!nnattee—E.\Uys(jvi\\ Eliut, M.D., Alexander I. Cotheal, Gerrit H. 
Van Wagenen,, Frederick l>. Thompson. 

Comrnnlee on Biographical Bibliography — Charles B. Moore, Alrick H. Man, 
Thomas Henry Ed?ali. 

Rooms of the Society, Mott Memorial Hall, No. 64 Madison Avenue, New York 

Chicago Historical Society. 

Chicago, Nov. 15, 1881. — The annual meeting was held in the Society's Hall, 140 
-42 Dearborn Av., the Hon. Isaac N. Arnold in the chair. 

In behalf (jf the Hon. E. B. Washburne, who had been asked by the .society to 
write a sketch of Edward Coles, second governor of Illinois, he presented the i^oci- 
ety a copy of that valuable work. 

The president was requested, by a vote of the society, to ask Edward Coles, E^q., 
of Philadelphia, to di posit in the fire-proof vault of this society the original letters 
and other documents wliich formerly belonged to his father, and had been referred 
to and copied by Mr. Washburne. 

President Arnold made his annual report, and the followinir facts were elicited : 

During the past year 818 bound volumes and 2,910 unbound books and pamphlets 
have been added to the library. These, with the collections since May, 1877. make 
an aggregate of 6.0.'iB brjund volumes and 18,754 unbound books. In addition to 
these, rare and valuable maps have been collected, amonir which are many old 
French maps of this country procured by the Hon. E. B. Washburne in France; 
all of which have been bound into a larire volume. 

During the year nine papers have been read by the following persons : Mcs-rs J. 
Y. Scammon, E. B. Washburne (2), H. C. Van Schaack, E. A. Otis, E. G. Ma.wn, 
\\. h. Hammond, John Wentworth and J. D. Caton. 

Last summer fourteen large quarto volumes of manuscripts, which had been pre- 
pared by the librarian, were bound, making a total of 26 volumes of manuscripts in 

1882.] Societies and their Proceedings, 201 

the librar}'. Most of these are letters, many of which are of great historical inter- 
est and value. 

KespeetiniT the financial condition of the society, the president reported that the 
Gilpin fund amounted to S^'J^''^'-^-^^, and in a few years the income frum it would 
beciiine availaijle. The eiiht citv lots bequeathed to the society by tlie late Lucre- 
tia Pond, of Petersiiam, Mass., iiave been sold fur .< 13.500, and in accordance vvith 
the will of Miss Pond, the income frum tins will i)e used to purchase historical 

The membership fees are suflGcient to defray the current expenses of the society. 

The prc.-ident also, in appropriate terms, alluded t») tlie decease ot six wormy mem- 
bers of the society during; the pa^t year, and said suitable resolutions of regret and 
respect were spread upon the society's records. 

After the report of the treasurer and trustees of the society's funds, which cor- 
roborated the president's report, an election was held, and the following persons 
were elected to the offices named : 

PresidpTit — Isaac N. Arnold. 

First Vice-President — Thomas Hayne. 

Second Vice-President — E. 13. ^Vashbu^ne. 

Secretary and Librarian — Albert D. liager. 

Treasurer — Henry H. Nash. 
• Executive Committee, to serve four j'ears — Mark Skinner and D. K. Pearsons. 

For unexpired term made vacant by the death of George F. Rumsey, John 

Notice was given that President Arnold would, at the next meeting of the society, 
deliver a eulogy on the late William B. Ogden. 

Hon. William F. De Wolf was tlien introduced and read a very interesting paper 
on his " Recollections of Eminent Men," after which the meeting adjourned. 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Pichmond, Friday, Nov. 18. 18S1. — A meeting of the Executive Committee was 
held this day, Mr. Curry in the chair. 

Donations were announced and correspondence was read. A letter from Dr. 
Richard C. M. Page, of New York, offered the society the following valuable por- 
traits : 

I. Col. John Page, the ancestor of the distinguished Virginia family of that 
name, painted in 10*30 by Sir Peter Lely. 

"2. Mary Mann, wife of the Hon. .Matthew Page, a member of the Council. of 
Virginia in the reiirn uf Queen Anne. 

3. Mann Page, tlieonly child of the Hon. Matti)ew and Mary (Mann) Page who 
survived infancy ; taken at the age of five, holding a red bird in his hand, lie also 
became a memlier of the council. 

4. C(jl. Archibald Cary, of " Amptill," James River, Va., a sterling patriot of 
the revolution, known as " Old Iron." 

5. Mary Randolph, daughter of Col. Richard Randolph, of " Curls," James 
River, and wife of Col. Cary. 

The offer was thankfully accepted. 

Nov. 25. — A meeting of the committee was held this day. 

Donations were announced and correspondence was read. Among the d<:.nation8 
was a curi JUS ancient vellum document fi/rmerly belonging to the Hon. Peter Lyon, 
a native of Ireland, who w:'.s president of the Viri^inia iupreme Court ot Aj.'peals 
Bt his death in August, 180'.). at the age of seventy-hve. it was presented by his 
great-great grands(jn, James Lyons ot Ricliuiond. A letter from Thomas M'Clee- 
mann of Pliiladelphia, Pa., gave an account of the original court record book of 
Surrey county, Va., l>eginning in 16o2, which he had arranged to have copied for 
the society, *' It seemed to me," he wrote, " that the criminal trials and i)unisli- 
ments mentioned in it would give a better and more vivid picture of the period than 
could otherwise be obtained." 

Meetings were also held Nov, 4 and 11, and Dec. 2, 1881. 

Kansas Historical Society. 
Topeka, Tuesday, Jan. 17, 18S2. — The annual meeting was held in the Senate- 
jaml>€r at 8 o'clock this ei 

TOL. xxxvr. 18* 

202 N'ecrology of Historic^ Genealogical Socletij. [AprH, 

Dr. Ricliard Ci»rflle\^ delivered the annual addres*^. His subject was " The Con- 
ventidn Epoch in Kansas History." Remarks -svere made by the president and 
ex- Gov. Robinson. 

Judi^e Franklin G. Adams, the secretary, then read hi^ annual report. [The an- 
nual addret-? is printed in toll in tlie Topeba CommoJiw^alth, Jan. 18, and the secre- 
tary's report in that paper Jan. 24. 188*2 ] 

P. I. Bonebrake, C. K. IloUiday. J. S Waters, F. G. Adams. C. W. Blair, J. 
Slotter, T. D. Thacher, James Smith, Henry Booth, M. M. Murdock. S. N. Wood, 
N. iS. Goss, J. S. Flmery, B. F. Simpson, J. M. Harvey, Georire W. Martin. E. G. 
Ross and John C. McCoy were chosen members of the board of directors for two 
years, in place of tho^^e whose term of office expires. 

The treasurer's report was read, and a committee was appointed to audit it. 

Jud^e Emery presented a circular from the Chicago ilistorical Society, asking 
this society to cooperate in celebrating at New Orleans on the IHth of April, the 
two hundredth anniversary of the discovery of the mouth of tlie Mississippi, with a 
petition for signatures asking congress to take steps for such a eelebration. It wa.s 
voted to cooperate with other societies in this matter. 

Directors' Mrcting. — A meeting of the board was held after the society adjourned, 
at which the following standing committees were appoiute'l : 

Eaecutive Commillce. — J. P. St. John, P. I. Bonebrake, James Smith, F. P. 
Baker and Col. Holiiday. 

Committee on Legislatinn. — P. I. Bonebrake. A. H. Horton and John Francis. 

Committee on ]S'onu nations. — C. K. Holliday, S. N. Wood, G. W. Martin, Gov. 
Robinson and Major Inman. 

AMEiiiCAN EinxoLor.icAL Society. 

New York, Thursday, feb. 23, 18S2. — The annual meeting of the society was held 
this evening, and the following officers were elected for 16S2 : 

President — Alexander I. Cotheal. 

Vice-Presidents — Charles E. AVest, LL.D., and Charles C. Jones, Jr., LL.D. 

Corresponding Secretary — Charles Short, LL.D. 

Recording Secretary — T. Stafford Drowne, D.D, 

Treasurer — Alexander L Cotheal. 

Librarian — Henry T. Drowne. 

Executive Committee — George H. Moore, LL.D., Asa Bird Gardner, LL.D., and 
Henry T. Drowne. ^ 

A learned and interesting paper was read by Professor Charles E. "West, on the ^ 

*' Birthday of Christ and Roman Chronology." » 


Prepared by the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Societj. 

The historiograplier would inform the society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Rkgister are necessarily brief in consequence of the 
limited space which can he appropriated. All the facts, however, he is 
able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in 
more extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift 
of the late William H. Towne, A.]M., is provided. Two volumes, printed 
at the charge of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by a 
committee appointed for the purpose, have been issued. They contain 
memoirs of all the members who died from the organization of the society 
to the close of the year 1.^.35. A third volume is in [)ress. 

Samdel Foster Havev, LL.D., of Worcester, Mass., a correspondins; member, 
admitted March 30, 1855, was lK)rn at Dedham, Mass., May 28, 1800, and died at 
Worcester, Mass., Sept. 5, 188 L 


1882.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, 203 

Mr, Hnven ^vr^s descended from Richard Haven, of Lynn, ■who was there soon after 
the first English settlement of the town. The tirst of the twelve children of Richard 
and Susanna Haven was horn in Lynn in 1G45. Ttie father of Mr. Haven was Hon. 
Samuel Haven, of Dedhain. 

The euhject of this sketch was graduated at Amherst College in IS'26, in a class of 
twent3^-five, of whom only four or five are now living. Among his class-mute>; were 
Rev. Robert E. Pattison'. D.D., President of Watervi He College (now Colby Uni- 
versity), Rev. Chauncey Colton, D.D., President of Bristol College and Professor 
of Sacred Rhetoric in Kenyon College, and Dr. Artemas BuUard. 

For forty-three years Dr. Haven served as the honored Librarian of the American 
Antiquarian Society of Worcester. At the semi-annual meeting of the society last 
April, in consequence of rapidly failing health and strength, he resigned his office, 
and his resignation was accepted in accordance with his wishes. In this connec- 
tion, Dr. George E. Ellis, after referring to the wide variety of valuable papers 
which he had prepared arid read at different times before the society, eaid : 

" His familiarity with the contents of our rich and unique library, its books, man- 
uscripts, relics, maps, coins, portraits and other pictures, has been so extended and 
intelligent, that we might well conceive of him as permanently seated at his patient 
desk, with an outlook on its walls and shelves and making a catalogue of its trea- 
sures. Its collections have so largely grown under his administration, that he has 
had opportunity to form a deliberate acquaintance with them. He has twice, in- 
deed, superintended the disposal of the whole on shelves, in the alcoves and in the 
cabinet — once un the removal. from the old hall, and again on the enlargement of 
the present one. Now that so admirable a portrait of him hangs on the wail, he 
will never be otherwise than present and active there, at least, to all who are now 
members of the society." 

The Hon. Jonx Boyd, A.M., of West Winsted, Ct., a resident member, admit- 
ted May II, 1875, was born in Winsted March 17, 1799. He was son of James and 
Mary (Munro) B.)yd. He was, in his remoter ancestry, of the Scotch-Irish stock, 
his earliest American ancestor coming to this country in the early part of the last 

The subject of this sketch was graduated at Yale Coileire in the year 1821. Some 
of the prominent members of his chiss were Dr. Thomas Winthrop (.'oit, President 
of Transylvania University, Dr. John Ripley Adams, and Dr. JSathaniel B>n]ton. 
He was united in marriage, May 17. 1^^3l, to Miss Emily Webster Beers, of New 
Haven, Conn. She died Snv . '2o, 1S4-2. He was a::ain married December 10, 1643, 
to Mrs. Jerusha (Rockwell) Hinsdale. He studied lawand was admitted to the bar 
in 1825. From 1830 to lh35, he represented the town of Winsted in the (leneral 
Assembly. For 'several years he was countv commissioner. He was town clerk for 
many years, and Jud^re ot Probate for fifteen years. He was also state Senator, and 
for three years Secretary of the State of Connecticut. For a long course of 3-ear8 he 
has been one of the prominent manufacturers of Winste<i. 

Mr. B<3yd is the author of a finely arranged and excellent book of some 640 pages, 
entitled '• Annals of Winchester, Conn." Seldom does one meet with a work of 
this kind which is more intelliirently executed than this. 

In connection with tlie death of Mr. Boyd, the Connecticut Courant recalls a 
pleasing historical incident, showing how '• Mr. Boyd rescued from destruction a 
portion of the duplicate charters which Captain Joseph Wadsworth had saved Irom 
falling into the han<l8 of Sir Edmund Andros on the night of Oct. 31, 1(387" The 
account is pre-^erved in the fourth volume of the Connecticut Colonial Records, 
and is as follows : 

" In 1817 or 1818. while Mr. Boyd was preparing for college at the Hartford 
grammar school, he boarded in the family of Rev. Mr. Flint of the South Church. 
Coming in one day from school, he noticed on the workstand of Mrs. Bissell. the 
doctor's mother-in-law, a dingy piece of parctiment, covered on one side with black 
letter manuscript. In answer to his inquiries Mrs. Bissell told him that having 
occasion for some pastel)oard. her friend and neighbor .Mrs. Wyllys had sent her 
this. Mr. Boyd proposed to procure for her a piece of pasteboard in exchange for 
the parchment, to which Mrs. Bissell consented. It was not. however, until six or 
eight years had elapse<i that Mr. Boyd examined the parchment with care, when 
for the first time he learned what its c mtents were." 

This was a portion of one of the skins on which the duplicate charter of Connec- 
ticut was written, and wiiich, restored to its place, now hangs in the rooms of the 
Connecticut Historical Si>ciety. 

Mr. Boyd died at his home in West Winsted, Conn., Dec. I, 1881. 

204 I^ecrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, [April, 

The Rev. Eugene Anthony Vetromile, D.D., a life member, had in his life-time 
a "varietl and peculiar history, lie was born at Gallipoli, Italy, Feb. 'Z2, 1S19. lie 
was the son of Pett-r Paul Raphael Vetromiie, and the name of his mother was 
Maria Anthonia Margiotta, a native also of Gallipoli. 

More than forty years aj;o he came to this country. lie was graduated as D.D. 
at the Catholic College at Georgetown, D. C, in 1S4S. lie was noted as a linguist, 
and was well known as a missionary travelling among the Indian tribes of this Cijun- 
try. In his way he was a kind of modern John Eliot, so great was his interest in 
all that pertained to these forest tribes. He translated the bible into fourteen of the 
Indian languages, or idioms, as they may more properly be called, and undertook 
large plans of labor for their benefit. He gave himself in a special manner to the 
tribe of Indians called the Abnakis. He published a book in ttieir language, called 
'* Indian Good Book,"" designed to instruct them in a simple way in what would 
be for their best good. He had a deep interest also in the Penobscot and Passa- 
maquoddy Indians, t^ome time before his death he gave over to the Interior Depart- 
ment at Washington his large accumulations of manuscript pertaining to his stu- 
dies into the languages of the North American Indians. Tbese manuscripts are 
regarded as verj^ valualjie, throwing much light upon obscure subjects. He trav- 
elled in the b!a>t and in the Holy Land, publishing the results of liis researches. 

More than twenty years ago Father Vetromile was, for a time. ct)unected with 
the College of the Holy Cross at Worcester, as Professor of Astronomy and Natural 
Philosophy. This fact seems to suggest the breadth of his culture, for primarily he 
was a lin^aiist. He was a man also of a truly larire-hearted and generous spurit, 
giving freely to various charitable institutions, providing dowry to Italian girls, 
and leaving in his will money to the widows and orphans of the Passamaquoddy and 
Penobscot Indians. 

He was a member of many learned and scientific societies. He was admitted a 
resident member Feb. 15, IbG'J. and njade himself a life member in l5*7l. 

After all his wanderings he died at last, in Italy, in his native place Gallipoli, 
Aug. 23, 1851, at the age of Cr2. He expressed a desire that his body might be bu- 
ried among the Passamaquoddy Indians. 

Charles Harley'' Cleateland, M.D. (Aaron.® Aaron,* Col. Aaron,* Josiah,^ 
Jo«iah,'* Moses^), a corresponding member, admitted Feb. 8, 1Sj9, was born in Lel>- 
anon, X. IL, August 29, 1817; married in Waterbury, Vt., l»44. Amelia P. At- 
kins ; died in Memphis, Tcnn., Deo. 1863. A grandson to a brotiier of Moses 
Cleaveland, the founder of Cleveland, Ohio, and in honor of whom that city wa3 
named. Physician and author. Graduated from the Medical Department of Dart- 
mouth College in 1813, having, previous to entering college, eng^jged in mercantile 
pursuits. Commenced practice of medicine at Waterbury, Vt., August 10, 1843, 
which place he left in July, 1853. He was Professor of Materia Medica and The- 
rapeutics in the Eclectic College of Medicine. Cincinnati, Ohio, 1.^54 ; and one of 
the editors of the College Journal until 18G0, when in its place he published the 
Journal of Rational Medicine until 1863. Entered U.S. Army as surgeon, and died 
in that service at Memphis, Tenn., in December, 1863. 

He was an earnest active man in whatever he undertook. Published his Pro- 
nouncini; Medical Lexicon, first in 1855 (of which there have been issued twenty- 
five editions to 1881), many pamphlets, a Yearly Piiysician's Pocket Memo- 
randum. Wrote frequently for the journals before editing one of his own. The 
following are the titles of some of his works and contributions : Amylene, Alpha- 
betical N'(;tes on Materia Medica and Tiierapeutics. Are Mercurials Anti-Syphili- 
tics ? Alkalies, Oxides, Anti-Miasmatics. Causes and Cure of dis<_';tses of the Feet, 
Cancer of the Breast. Classification of Materia Medica, Carbuncle and Feruncle, 
Emetics, Dysentery, Diphtheria, Chloroform in Delirium Tremen'^, On Chalybeates, 
General Ooservations on Fevers, Enteric Fever, Typhus and Enteric Fevers con- 
trasted. Intermittent Fever, Remittent Fever, Yellow Fever, Eruptive Fever, Scar- 
let Fever, Siuail-pox, Vaccination, lie-vaccination. Varioloid, Eruf>tive Fevers con- 
trasted. Inilammatory Fevers. Miliary Fever, Milk Fever, Hectic Fever, Puerperal 
Fever, On the inanaL'-ement of the Feet, Clntliing of the Feet, Frost liites. Chills, 
Exposure. Druwnin;:, .Medic-al Inhalations. Poisoning by Opium, Tincture V^eratrum 
Viride, Strychnia an<i its Antidote. Physiology of the r^louth. Uterine Hemorrhaire — 
Galvani-^iu. <ialvani-in in Cunstipatioii, Galvanism, its a[jiWicati ni as a remedial 
agent, Neural^^iaof the Teeth — Odontalgia. Neuralgia of the IJeart — Angina pect'>- 
ris. Neuralgia of the Coccyx cocciod<jnia, Tonics ; imponderable, a lecture delivered 
to the students of the Eclectic Colle;2;eof Medicine, Lead Poisoning. He was a mem- 

1882.] 2^ecrologi/ of Historic^ Gintalogical S'jciety. 205 

her of the American Ass iciation for the Advancement of Science. It is thought 
that he always regretted identifying himself with any school of medicine, Im-Hcv- 
ing it better to be of no sect, but to adopt the best thoughts and methods of all. 

Edmund J. Cleveland. 

Col, Albigence Waldo Putnam, a corresponding member, admitted Feb. 13. 1853, 
was born March 11. 1799, at " Maple Shade " (the old homestead), opposite Blan- 
nerhassitt's Island, and near Bclprc, Oliio. His father, Aaron Waldo Putnam, was 
the second son of Col. Israel Putnam, and was born at Pomfret. Conn. Col. Israel 
Putnam was the oldest son and aide-de-camp of Gen. Israel Putnam of the war of 
Independence, so that he was the great-grandson of Gen. Israel Putnam. 

The Putnam ancestor is John, who landed at Salem. Mass., in 1637 ; and in Eng- 
land and Wales the lines are said to be traced for a century flirther back. 

The mother of Albigence Waldo Putnam was the daughter of Judge Daniel Lor- 
ing, of Salera, Mass., whose hither came to the territory north of the Ohio in the 
year 1783, in com|iany with Col. Israel Putnam, Judge Lorinir, Col. Gushing, Maj. 
Rice, Goodale, Bradford, fleiskell. and other retired ofBcers of the Revolution, and 
.settled on the rich hody of land ten or fifteen miles below the Muskingum River, and 
named the settlement Belpre, or " Beautiful Meadow." 

Albigence Waldo Putnam was a graduate of the Ohio University (under Rev. 
Dr. Lindley). Prom Athens he went to Gallipolis. His mother wished him to study 
medicine, but his father thought that he had not the health or constitution, and it 
60 happened that an old friend of the family. Gen. Nathaniel Gushing, desired to 
engaue an intelligent, trusty, active young man as clerk in his retail dry-goods 
store at Gallipolis, and as the custcmiers averaged about six a day, Putnam deter- 
mined to review his studies in German. Spanish, Italian and French, Such indul- 
gences did not please his ** General ^lerchant," who complained of " dusty shelves, 
soiled goods, talked about industrious habits,'" &c. ; there was no mistaking the 
meaning. He said. '• Yow ouglit to study a profe.ssion." Putnam soon wearied of 
the clerkship, and obtained boarding in a French family, and perfected himself in 
that language. 

It was a good providence, and a cause of thankfulness then and ever, that ho 
became acquainted with Samuel Finiey Vinton, then commencing the practice of 
law at Gallipolis, and was indebted to him for the stud\' of law and the use of his 
extensive library. He read in his office and occasionally was examined by him. 
Having finished his studies in law and French, with Vinton and father Etienne, in 
1621 he was examined by the Judges of the Supreme Court of Ohio, and obtained 
licence to practise as attorney and counsellor. In 1822 his father and mother died 
within three days of each other of violent sickness and fevers then raging in the 
settlement. His older brother, William Pitt Putnam, administered upon the estate, 
and retained the homestead. Putnam then resolved to go out into '' the wide, wide 
world, and g:>tlier huriey and bee bread from every opening flower." He reached 
Port Git>son, Miss, (the home of his bachelor uncle Israel Loring), December 24, 
1822. He built an otSce in his uncle's yard, where he soon collected law books to 
the value of ,>$»'»00, afterwards increii.-ed to .sloOO. The first year he obtained a 
temporary licence to practice, and in due time from the Supreme Court. V\xq long 
he had tlie most profital>le collection business in the circuit, perhaps in the state. 
He became director in the first and best managed bank ever in operation in Missis- 
sippi, " The Bank of Mississippi." From this and some largo claims entrusted to 
him, he at one time had more than a half million of notes and protested bills of the 
Natchez and New Orleans branches of the United States Bank. His brother-in- 
law (Thomas Henderson), of Natchez, was cashier of the bank there. He had en- 
tered upon a busy and profitable professional career; his mind and heart were intent 
upon its duties, but still he was not greedy of gain. He was not a miser; he was 
the lawyer for the widow, the friend of the orphan. 

In April, 1825, he married Catherine Ann Eerier, eldest daughter of Col. George 
W. Lerier (son of General or Governor Jolin Lerier, of Tennes'^ee). He was visit- 
ing her aunt (Mrs. Daniel Vertner) at their lovely residence (" Burlington ") near 
Port Gibson, Miss. After accumulating a fortune in Mississippi, his health failed, 
and he moved to Tennessee in 1839, settled at " Waverley Place," a beautiful home 
within two miles of Nashville. He became very much interested in encouraging 
manufacturin^j; tstablishments. He struL'gled iiard to sustain an interest in hoiae 
industry, and his losses fjy surety and the like were $50,000. But possessed of a 
comfortable fortune, he devoted his leisure to literary pursuits, and was one of the 
founders, and for .several years president of the Tennessee Historical Society. Ha 

206 j^ecrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

was also the author of a work entitled, " The History of Middle Tennessee/' evinc- 
ing conpjdenible research among the fact? and traditions connected with the early 
settlement of this region. In this department Col. Putnam wa<^ an enthusiast, and 
his labors were abundant. His literary labors are so identitied witii the histor\' of 
middle Tennessee, as a scholar and accomplished man of letters, that he enjoyed a 
reputation which was recoirnized even beyond tlie borders of his adopted state. His 
christian virtues were of that iiigh order wliich mark the true disciple of Jesus, 
while in none of the relations of life did he fall short of liis duty, ile sustained a 
heavy loss of property by the war. and died January "20. 1809. mourned after as 
a man so worthy, a citizen so valuable, a scholar so profound, a Mason so true, and 
a Christian so steadfast. He was an Elder in the lirst Presbyterian Church of Nash- 
ville for thirty years. 

He left lour children, all daughters. Anson Nelson. 

Stephen Whitney Pbcenix. Esq., a corresponding member, admitted Aug. 15, 
1867, was born in the city of New York May '25, 1639, and died at his residence ia 
the same city, Nov. 3, IbSl. 

The father of Mr. Phoenix was the Hon. Jonas Phillips Phoenix, who was born Iq 
Middletown, N. J., Jan. I-l, 1T88. His mother was Mary (Whitney) Phcenix, 
daughter of Stephen and Harriet (Suydam) Whitney, who was born in the city of 
New York, April 5, 1810. 

The subject of this sketch was graduated at Columbia College in 1859. From the 
same institution he received the degree of A.M. in I8G-2, and of LL.B. in 1363. 
Since that time he has resided in New York, having had his summer residence 
(Harbor View) some years at Newport, R. I. 

Mr. Phoenix was descended from Alexander Phoenix, who was his first American 
ancestor upon these shores, and who settled in New I'ork in 1610. The line of de- 
scent from Alexander^ was successively throuirh Jacob,- Alexander,-^ Alexander,* 
Daniel,* and Jonas Phillips^ already named. He was therefore of the seventh gene- 
ration from his earliest American ancestor. 

On his mother's side he was descended from Henry Whitney, who was an early 
inhabitant of Norwalk, Conn., and who was interested in some of the ancient set- 
tlements on Long Island, especially about Southuld. 

Mr. Phcenix has interested himself to a very large degree in preserving the records 
both of his father's and motfier's families. The three large and costly volumes de- 
voted to the Whitney family of Connecticut are among our richest specimens of 
fenealogieal lore. Blessed with wealth, he has taken delight in doing honor to 
is forefathers, and spending his money freely in preserving their memorials. He 
has been alike industrious in (gathering up the facts pertaining to the Phoenix name 
and development on these western shores. 

Hardly any one in the country had made a larger collection of genealogical books 
and heljjs to genealogical study, for anything curious or vaiualde in this line he 
was ready to bestow almost any amount of money to possess himself of it. His 
large collection of books and manuscripts in this line he bequeathed, with ,$15,000 
in money, to the New York Historical Society, of which he was a life member. 
Bequests were also made to Columbia College, the American 2»Iusenm of Natural 
History, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in the city of New York. Colum- 
bia College receives the general books of his library, and probably half a million 
of dollars^ 

Mr. Phoenix was a life member of the New Y'ork Genealogical and Biographical 
Society, trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and corresponding member 
of several other .societies. 

Samuel Tv^fNfS, F.S.A., of Lowestoft, Suffolk, Enirhnd, a corresponding member, 
admitttd April 2. 1«52, died at Lowestoft April '29, "1871. 

Mr. Edwin C. Ireland, clerk ot the London S.>ciety of Antiquaries, has furnished 
OS with the following brief obituary of him, from th'e report of the Suffdk Institute 
of Archteolgy and Natural History, 1871--2, paire 4 : 

'* The society is reminded of the l(;^s it lias sustained in the death of its founder 
and late secretary, Mr. Samuel Tymms, F.S.A. From the year 1818, when the 
society was established as ' The Bury and West Sutioik Arch^euloaieal Institute,' 
until the year 1S67, Mr. Tymms acted as secretary and treasurer ; in that year 
failing health compelled hira to resign these ollices, but he continued to be the edi- 
tor of the Proceedings until the day of his death in 1871. A glance through the 

1882.] Necrology of Ilistoi'ic, Genealogical Society. 207 

earlier volumes of the Proceedings will show how much the interest of the socicty 
was enhanced by his laburs and researcli. In tiie first volume, out of thirty-ei>rht 

Eapers no less than eleven bear the signnture <_)f Samuel Tymms, and to tlie^e must 
e added the nones ot all the meetings. Besides the papers contril)utcd to the trans- 
actions of this society, Mr. Tyunns wrote a history of St. Mary's tMiureh, iJury St. 
Edmunds, and edited the vitlume of Bury Wills, published by the Camden Society. 
Mr. TymiJis left several voUnnes of n^tes. chielly extracts from papers and docu- 
ments bearing upon tlie history and antiquities of the county ; also a few antiqui- 
ties found at Stow, or in the neighborhood of Bury. These things were otlered to 
the society for purchase, and tlirough the liberality of some of the members the 
objects from Stow, &c., have been bought and placed^ in the museum : but the coun- 
cil having no comiuon fund at its disposal which it could employ in purchasing 
documents or papers, and the value of the MSS. being much beyond any sum which 
could be raised by a special subscription, the oiler oi purchasing the MSS. had re- 
luctantly to be declined. It is to be hoped that they may find a resting place in the 
library of our National Museum." 

Hon. John- Phelps Pl'tnam, A.M., a resident member, admitted Nov. 15, 1875, 
was born in Ilartf)rd, Conn.. March '21, 1S17. He was the son of George Putnam, 
born in llarttord. Conn., Septeml)er li, 1793, and of Ann bhepard. bora also in 
Hartford, Nov. 9, 179-2, It is often said that all the Putnams in this country are 
descended from John Putnam, who was ot Salem, Mass., 163-4. But Judge Put- 
nam, in conversation with the writer, claimed that this was not si>, and that he 
himself, though of the same family (Puttenliam) of England, traced his descent 
from a brother or near relative of John Putnam, of Silem. ]Mr. Putnam was 
graduated at Tale College in 1837, at the aget^f twenty, and among his distinguish- 
ed classmates may be mentioned Secretary Evarts, Chief Justice ^Vaite, Judge 
Pierrepont, and Dr. Andrew L. Stone, of San Francisco. 

He was united in marriage, Sept. 21, 1842, with Harriette Day, daughter of the 
Hon. Thomas Day, and niece of President Jeremiah Day, of Yale Cv)ile-e. 

His law studies were pursued at the Harvard Law School, where he received the 
degree of LL. B. in 1839. 

He also followed u[) his law studies in the office of the Hon. Sidney Bartlett. He 
edited several volumes of the United States Diue>t. He held for a time the ofnce 
of the Judu-e of Probate in the County of Sulfolk. He was in the Massachusetts 
house of representatives in the years 1851 and "52. In 1859, when the Superior 
Court was establisiied, he was made one of the judges, wliich office he has since 
held. The Boston Journal says of him : 

" Judge Putnam ha.s led a blameless, useful life, respected by the bar for his 
marked urbanity, and reiiarded by the whole community as a most worthy citizen. 
His literary tastes led him t'^ <ievote his leisure hours to congenial studies. He was 
a collector of coins and skilled in numi>matics In 1803 he was one of the Board 
of Commissioners for the annual examination of the United States Mint in Phila- 

Besides his prominent and honorable position as a lawyer and a judge, Mr. Putnam 
had a decided literary and artistic taste. For years he has been president of the 
Apollo Club. At his funeral in Trinity Church, tlie Club attended in a body, and 
their singing was one of the marked features of that occasion. He died m Boston 
January 4, 1882. He leaves a wife and two daughters. 

Thomas Crane Wales. Esq., a life member and benefactor, was born in Stough- 
ton, Mass., Nov. 10, 1805, and died in the city of Boston, Dec. 11, 1880. He was 
admitted to membership Dec. 10. 1870. 

His earliest American ancestor was Nathaniel" Wales, son of John^ Wales, of 
Idle, Yorkshire (IcPigistkr, xxxv. 72;, who came over in 1035 in the ship James of 
Bristol, and had f >r one of his fellow-passengers the famous Mr. Puchard Mather, 
who in the t(jllowing year heL'an his pastorate at Dorciiester. Mr. "Wales to(jk the 
oath of allegiance and was a freeman in 1037. The name Nathaniel has been 
a truly ancehtra! one in this family. The line of descent from the founder has been 
through Nathaniel,^ Nathaniel,'' Thomas.* Nathaniel^ and Samuel.^ 

The last naaied was the father of the subject of tliis sketch. He was born in that 
part of the ancient town of Braintree now known as StoULditon, June 19, 1700. He 
marrie<l Mary Crane, wlio wa> b ^rn in .Milton April 22, 1701. 

The boy Thomas Crane^ Wales, after receiving such education as was afforded by 
the town schools of Stoughton, was placed at the age of fourteen as clerk and helper 

SOS Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

in the retail shoe store of Mr. Araos Fitch, of Boston. After passini:: through some 
changes, in 1&'24, iit the a^e of 19, he went into the retail sa.)e trade for himself. 
In Ih26, December 7,"at the age of twentj-'dne, he ^vas united in marriage Avith 
Miss Mary Kchccea Holmes, daughter of iiarzillai llolmt'S. :She was the mother of 
his large family of children, four sons and seven daugiiters. iStie died in Jan. \r^7-2. 

As his business enlarged it was divided, and he took tlie wi'.ohf'ale dcpartiut-nt 
and relinqui.>-hed the retail trade to others. In 1837, in tlie time of the great tinan- 
cial depression throughout tiie country, Mr. Wales failed in business. He was able 
to pay, after a little time, ad borrowed mone}' and endorsed paper, and fifty per 
cent, upon other claims. In 1859 he had been so prospered in l>usiiiess that he paid 
off the other firty percent, on the old claims that were dead by the law of limitation. 
Jn 18G6 he had the pleasure of squaring the whole interest account in these tran.^ac- 
tions. An act so manly and honorable ought to be made known far and wide as a 
blight and shining txample. 

In the year 1825 Mr. Wales bought a pair of india-rubber shoes of a sailor wlio 
had brought them fr(nn JSouth America. He exhibited them in his store window, 
where tiiey were inspected by tlie pas.sers by as a great curiosity. This was the be- 
ginning of the india-rubber shoe business in Boston. From that time till his death 
he was connected in many forms and ways with this business. He was one of the 
largest owners under the Goodyear patents, worked by the Naugatuck Co. He 
owned also the Wales patent arctic gaiter. Business prospered in his hand. Seven 
of his children survived him. 

Gapt. Ambrose Haskell White, a benefactor and life member, admitted to mem- 
bership May 12, 18T1, was born Dec. 17, 1800, in Marblehead, Mass. 

llis parents, John \Vhite (born September, 1756. died Oet. 15, 1833) and Ruth 
Haskell (born September, 1757, died. August 21, 1808), were married September, 
1780. His father was a soldier in the Revolution, serving in Col. Glover's famous 
regiment, and crossed the Delaware with Washiuirton; lie also served again m tlie 
war of 1S12. this time upon the sea, and being taken prisoner !)y the British, lay 
in an English prison until the peace. The first experiences of the son were also 
connected with tiie war. Going to sea at the age of thirteen with his uncle Thomas 
Haskell, when off Cape Ann tlfe vessel was boarded by II. M. Sloop of War Dart, 
the officers of which supposed trie unoffending vessel to be a privateer. At the age 
of twenty-(;ne Mr. White was a supercargo, and soon became commander of a ves- 
sel at the age of twenty-two or twenty-three years. He followed a sea-farina: life 
for thirty consecutive yeans, twelve of whieh were in the Batavia and China trade, 
in wiiich his intelliireut-ol)eervation at that.eiu'ly perLjd of trade .with those coun- 
tries amassed a store of interesting recollections. 

In 1824 he became a resident of Newbuiyport. but after leaving the sea in 1846 
(or 1847) he removed to Boston and went into business as a Calcutta merchant, in 
■which he Continued until within a few years of his death, being associated with 
Is'athaniel Mayhew ; after whose death he was in partnership with Benjamin L. 
Allen — both of Boston. 

In 1834 Mv. White married Harriet, daughter of Oliver and Ruth (Lurvy) Spald- 
ing, of Newburyport. (Mr. Spalding, burn in 1782 in that part ot Chelmsford noW 
called Lowell, died in 1853. His wife, b^irn in Ame-bury. died Dec. 16, lf560. Tuey 
were married in, 1803.) Mrs. White died in Dorciiester, June 2. 1865. Two daugh- 
ters, Harriet K. and Emma b. White, survive, while a third, Caroline, died in 

Capt. White was a man worthy of the respect and honor in which he was held by 
those who knew him. He was of that school of integrity and ^terling manliness 
which is trained in the seafaring life, when; so many of the strongest traits of New 
England cliaracter have been formed. Somethini: of the genuine quality of the 
winds and tfie waves which he had learned to control, and of the free sunshine of 
the open sky. seemed to have been absorbed by him as by so many of those men wiio 
have lived close to tiie elemental forces of the natural world,— and a religion which 
was at the foundation of his character. 

He was a member of the Newburyport Marine Society, to which, and to the New 
England Historic, Genealogical :5ociety, the Marine S'jciety and Seaman's Friend 
Society of Boston, he left liberal bequests. He died in Boston June 3, Ibcl. 

Henry \\^ Fuote. 

Samuel WRicnx Puelps, Esq., a corresponding member, admitted June 8, 1847, 
was born at JJarbiehead, Mas3., July 24, 1811, and died on the St. John's River, 

1882.] Booh Notices. 209 

Florida. Sept. 12, lf^/9. The place of his residence in later j'ears was Sandusky, 
Ohio, where he owned and carried on a larire vineyard with such 8iK*ces?i that it was 
to him a pmiree of wealth. He was in Fhiri<ia at the time of his death, where 
he imd heiore spent several winters hecause of impaired health. His father — whose 
name was also Samuel Wrii^ht Piielps — was b )rn Nov. f>, ITS3. His wife was Har- 
riet Eliza Drake, daughter of Simon and L^ve (Muchmore) Drake, of Concord, 
N. U. She was sister of the late Samuel G. Drake, historian of Bjston. She was 
united in mnrriatre with Mr. Phelps April 19, 183H. 

Going b;ick to his remoter ancestors, his <rrandfather was Roger Phelps, born 
March I, 1761, and his great-grandfather, William Phelps, born in 1730; and if 
we could go back to the early New England days we should probably find that his 
first American ancestor came over in the Mary & John, in 1030, as one of the War- 
ham and Maverick Company. 

Mr. Pheli)s had but one child, a daufrhter named Martha Galusha, who was born 
March 30, 1S37, an<:l died at the age ot 30. Sept 5, 1867. This daugliter was beau- 
tiful and accomplished. The father had spared nothing in the way of her culture 
and education, and when she died life became to him somethinir very different from 
what it had been before. With an abundance of this world's goods, he was alone, 
"without wife or daugliter, and eniraired in an ineffectual search after health. 

Mr. Phelps went from Marblehead, his native place, in early life, with his fa- 
ther's family, in their removal to the new state of Ohio. They settled in flamilton 
County in the vicinity of Cincinnati. His hither first engaged in the business of 
distilling, but after some years this was given up, and father and son united in a 
firm for carrying on the stove and foundry business. This continued till the father's 
death, when Mr. Phelps became connected with some of the old firms in the hard- 
ware business. He retired from all ttiese forms of business about twenty-four years 
ago. Hisvine3*ard at Sandusky he undertook rather as a recreation than otherwise, 
but from his thorough business habits he turned it into a financial success. 


The Editor request.'^ persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added fur posui^'e when scut by 

The St. Clatr Papera. The Life and Public Services of Arthur Si. Clair, Soldier 
of the RevohUionanj War: President nf the Condnenlal Connress : and Gover- 
nor of the yorth-tces/ern Ternlorij: with his Correspondence and other Papers : 
Arranged and annotated by \S'illiam Henry Smith. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke 
&Co. 1881. 2 vols. 8vo. vol. i. pp. xii.-f-fiOO. Vol. ii. p. 4-|-fil9. Price $6. 
There is no denying that St. Clair has stood in the minds of the American people, 
both in his own day and since, for a very disappointing character, fie was unsuc- 
cessful at Quebec in 1776: he lost the post of Ticonderoga in 1777, to the unmea- 
sured dissatisfaction and dismay of the wh(jlc country; and in 1791 his army of 
defence was routed near the head waters of the Wabash, by the Indians, who were 
threatening the North-western Territory. T'his last disaster laid that whole terri- 
tory open to a four years' reign of terror, till the quieting of the .savages in 179.5. 
Appointed governor of that territory in 1788, he was in ciinstant disagreement with 
the judges, an<l his relations with the general assembly were frequently so strained 
a.s to obstruct the necessary communication.'- More than sixty years, however, have 
elapsed since his death, and the publication" i.>f these paj)ers putting uh in possession 
of fiar more accurate knowledge than we have hitherto had concerning him, makes 
it not improper to re-open the evidence. 

This ha.s been done by Mr. Smith, the editor of these volume*, which, as indicated 
above, include St. Clair'scurrespondence, oflieial papers, and other collateral papers, 
and minutes of the succe.-sive annual Sf.ssi«ms of the territorial government, 1788- 
1802.- Prefixed to the papers is a summarized record of St. Clair's whole career, 

» " St. Clair Pnfjcrs," v. i. p. 223. 

' Mr. Smith lias als j incorporated into the work portions of the valuable Harmar and 
Worthington papers, which throw no little light on the suijccu 

VOL. XXiVl. 19 

210 Booh yotices, [April, 

now for the first time nuthcntioally prepared. Mr. Smith's work reives evidence of a 
thorough study of the sahjects in all their l^arings. and renders the publication one of 
the roost important of recent contributi'^ns to American history. With great pa- 
tience and a reasonable free(iom from bias, he has pre«:ented the facts for candid 
consideration ; and he has well nigh vindicated St. L'lair from the most of what 
the public has had to urge in his condemnation, at the same time strikingly indi- 
cating the unremitting sinister tortune which attended him.^ 

His military career cannot here be examined, though this work invests it with 
fresh interest, and is, is tact, likely to awaken fresh controversy. The chief inter- 
est of these papers lies in the light they throw on the beginnings of government in 
the North-western Territory, ^ with wi)ich he was so thoroughly identitied as its 
governor during its first fourteen years. It should be remembered that the war of 
independence was fought to its close chiefly by colonists inhabiting the thin fringe of 
settlements along the Atlantic coast; and that when the treaty of peace in 1783 
gave to the just tled:red nation lands limited not by the Alleirhanies but by the Mis- 
sissippi,^ it was a wholly new conception, — almost a revelation. — to the larger part 
of the American people. Lord Bacon, in his essay on " Honour," was not lack- 
ing in his usual discernment in putting •' founders of states and commonwealths " 
" in the first place " Tlinse who laid the foundations of this territory, both in 
establishing the ordinance, and in administering the government under it. have no 
inferior claim to honor, though not of course to be compared with the founders of 
the original colonies. 

The ordinance of 1787 has had the f jrtune to be ascribed to more than one pub- 
lic man of tliat period. The chief, though undeserved honor, of originating its 
essential provisions was for many years given to Mr. Dane,'* a delegate from Massa- 
chusetts to the congress of the confederation. As recently as 1S5G it has been main- 
tained* that Mr. Jefferson was chiefly responsible for it. In 1876, however, Mr. 
W. F. Poole broui,Hit forward conclusive evidence® to show that the real originator 
■was Dr. Cutler, of Massachusetts, not himself a member of concrress. but person- 
ally interested in the settlements on the Ohio, and consequently bringing his influ- 
ence to bear on congre-s. What Mr. Poole has thus demonstrated will stand ; yet 
the result of Mr. Smith's investigations^ is to bring still another figure into promi- 
nence in connection with it, and this is St. Clair himself.^ He was at this very 
time president of congress, had been conversant with the successive movements 
towards this legislation, and, as Dr. Cutler's diary^ shows, had been in consulta- 
tion with him and others representinLT the interests of the settlers. An important 
part of the ordinance as adooted, Mr. Smith attributes to him.^'-* 

But he was to have a still more intimate connection with that territory. To him 
was almost immediately entrusted^^ the practical work of bringing this wilderness into 
the condition of a civilized community. To realize the almost incredible drudgery, 
financial loss, deprivations and personal misrepresentations which this involved, 

^ The injasticeof consress in neglectincr to allow his just financial claim is well known. 

* The whole of vol. 2 is concerned with this tome. 

3 By far the most lucid statement of the e.xrent and relations of the various parcels of 
land formin'JT this .great public domain i> to be found in H. B. Adams's monoirrapii on 
"Maryland's influence in founding a national commonwealth." (No. 1 1, Fund publica- 
tions, Maryland Historical Society.") One of the desiderata in our historical literature is 
certunly a" History of tiie territorial development of the United States." It is gratifying 
to know that this work is likely to be und«?rt;iken bv a New Emrland student of history. 

* See, for instance, Mr. Webster's " Works," v. .3, p. 2V2-r4. " 

* By Gov. Edward Coles, in his pamplilet on " The hi-torv of the ordinance of 1787." 

* " Dr. Cutler and the ordinance of 17b7," by W. F. Poole. First printed in the North 
American Review, April, 1876. 

' "St. Clair Papers," v. i. p. 118-36, where the facts in the ca,^e are discussed. See also 
V. 2, p. 603-17, where the proceedings in the congress are reprinted from original publi- 

8 Mr. Smith's treatment of the question of " authorship " is very satisfactory. He briefly 
indicates all the accessiiile information, a^ it relates to St. Clair.' Cutler, Dane, Jefferson, 
King, Carrhi^ton and others, but reaches this very ^ensiblc conclu-ion ; " Stirely there was 
not one, but many authors." (Vol. 1, p. 13 J.) For much that is of interest relating to the 
slavery question.'see v. 1, p. 121-23, 131-34, 205-6 ; v. 2, p. 313, 588. 

9 Dr. Cutler's diary and papers still remain unpublished, owing to reasons not very eat- 
isfactory, as Mr. Pfjole points out. {Xorth American Review, v. 122, p. 264.) 

'0 See V. 1, p. 131. 

" TIjc ordinance was passed Julv 27, 17H7; St. Clair was chosen governor Oct. 5, 1787; 
he formally took charge of the government July lo, 1788. 

1882.] BoohXotices. 211 

one must read the correspondence itself. Nor is there space to do more than glance 
at some of the points of issue between the irovernor and the various opposinix par- 
ties. St. Clair held that the ordinance itself prescribed the sources whence the ter- 
ritorial laws were to be drawn ; ^ moreover, when certain acts had been passed 
contrary to this view, lie secured legislation from congress authorizing repeal ;- in 
1795, on the revision of the laws, so well did he adapt the provisions of previous 
legislation and of the common law of England^ to the specitic purposes of the ter- 
ritorial systeni, that, in the language of a recent Chief Justice of the United states, 
*' it may be doubted whether any colony, at so early a period after its first establish- 
ment, ever had one so good.'"* His attitude towards the creation of new counties,* 
the establishment of new ofEces and the adoption of the state form of government, 
was one of wise-Conservatism,^ a trait not excessively common in border settlements. 
To his political wisdom and firmness, as we can now see (and as it was impossible 
that his contemporaries should see), the succeeding generations are indebted for 
the substantial foundations of their institutions. 

On the bitterness of party politics these papers throw unexpected light. The 
question of admitting Ohio as a state was discussed from the consideration whether 
it would be an accession to the federalist or republican side,^ just such a question 
in fact as the " Kansas-Nebraska " question fifty years later. Towards t he 
end of his administration, the opposition to Gov. St. Clair took on an almost 
purely political significance ; and his removal from office in IS02 was only a part of 
the general movement which resulted in the complete overthrow of the federahsts, 
and brought the Jetierson party everywhere into p )wer. " The very midsummer 
days of party pas-ion " were these — to use the editor's very apt expression^ — and 
his remark is abundantly borne out by some of the correspondence here printed. 
One of St. Clair's own letters^ w^ould well serve as an example. Nor was this the 
only respect in which Gov. St. Clair failed to exhibit the highest prudence ;^-' and 
no one is likely ever to claim for him genius of the hi::hest rank. Yet he was. as 
we can now see, in instance after instance, a most faithful and serviceable, though 
not a brilliant public servant. St. Clair deserved well of his country. His own 
day was indeed '' the day of small things" for that Norih-western Territory of 
■which he affectionately (and not improperly) styled himself " the father :'*^^ but 
"within its limits are now included the five powerful states, whose united popula- 
tion in 1830 comprised more than 11.000.000 of our total 50,000.000 ; and here are 
also situated eight out of the thirty-five cities whose populati(jn exceeds 50.0<}0. By 
the re-apportionment bill of the present year, these five states will have in ci>n- 
gress 74 representatives out of 3-25. Nor will it be forj:otten that, within a little 
more than twenty years, four presidents have been chosen from their limits. It 
is no less fitting than creditable that thes'^ valuable papers should have been given 
to the public through the agency and at the expense of the state government of 
Ohio, the earliest of the five to have a separate oriranization.^- 

By William E. Foster, A.M., of Providence, R. I. 

The Ecclyns in America. Compiled from Family Papers and other Sources. 1608- 
1805. Edited and Annotated by G. D. Scr,LL. Printed for Private Circulation 
by Parker & Co., Oxford, England, 1881. 8vo. pp. rs92. 250 copies only printed. 
The various papers that have been published through the instrumentality of Mr. 

Scull upon subjecta relating to our country, led us to look forward with pleasure 

^ " St. Clair Papers," v. 2, pp. 72-78. 

* "St. Clair Papers," v. l,p. 188. 

' St. Chiir was educated at the Universitv of Edinbarph. 

* Cfiief Justice Cha.-e. See hi.s " Preiirainarv sketch," prefixed to the " Statutes of 
Ohio and of the North-western Territory," 1833. Sec also " St. Clair Papers," v. 2, p. 
353-63. 1 » F 

6 See, for instance, v. 2, p. 477-79. 

6 See V. 2, p. 417-20, 482-83, .^50. 

' " St. Clair Pai'Crs," V. 1, p. 238. 

* Do, V. 2, p. 571. 

9 Do., V. 2, p. 599-001. 

>o .*<ee, for instmcc, p. 3r.>-78 of Judge Jacob Burnet's '' Notes on the early settlement of 
the Norti,-\vy-tern 'Krritory," a work ,'^cconJ only to there volume.-, perlnp.-, in it.s imjK)rt- 
ance a- rel;itiri^' to rli'- subject. Mr. Smith, who evervwtiere mentions I3arnet'.-> imo irtiality 
with the utni')>t if:ipecr, na.s quoted a part of this chapter from Earnet (6t. Ciair Papers' 
T. 1, p. 231-31), hut not all. 

" " St. Clair Papers," v. 2. p. 593. 

^' The typ<jgraphiail errors are not numerous, nor do they in general aff(>ct the sense. 
"Indum Territory," however (v. 2, p. 546), should plainly be " Indiana Territory." 

212 Booh Xotices. [April, 

toward the perusal of thii?, his latest compilation, and as we have read it, we could 
but thank him for furnishing to us so much information relating to the early histo- 
ry of our country. 

The volume opens with an account of Geori^e Evch'n, his arrival at Kent Island, 
his apparent support of William Claiborne, his subsequent usurpation, and his final 
.«ubserviL-ncy to tlie ;Lrovernuicnt of Maryland, in payment for wliich he receives the 
title of l^)rd of the Manor of Evelinton. The subsequent sad fate of the infanc 
settlement, owinir to his treachery and neglect, its revolt and submission to Lord 
Baltimore, form an interesting narrative, which lias been exhumed by Mr. Scull 
from the depositions taken in Virginia in lfi40, and which are still preserved in tlie 
State Paper Office in London. F*jilo\ving this we have a reprint of a " Descri[)tioa 
of the Province of New Albion," which was oriijinaliy published in 1618, and was 
in 1837 riprinted by that indefatiijable biblicjpiiile, Peter Force. 

TTie must incercstuig of all articles in the book to New Englanilers are the Letters 
of William Glanville Evelyn, from the fact that they were written by this young 
gentleman wiien he was servinir his country as Captain in the King's Own, during 
the early portion of the Revolutionary War. It seems indeed marvellous that ac 
this period of our existence as a nation, the old musty letters of an English coun- 
try house should add their contribution to the facts of history, and be placed side 
by side witii the old documents of our early patriots. The letters bring vividly to 
(►ur minds this hands^mie English youth, with his intense loyalty, iiis love of Old 
England, his strong prejudice against New Enf^land and America, and show how 
with the same devotion to country which nerved our ancestors, he walked tlie path 
of his duty to Lexington, Concord and Bunker Iliil. Little did lie imagine as he 
camped on Boston Common and indited tliese letters, so full of tender pathos and 
trusting love to the dear ones over the water, that a hundred years sliould pass 
away and those letters be read by the descendants of tho-e who were then about 
him, but for whose opinion and bravery he had the utmost Contempt. He was never 
to return. On the Irfth of October, 17T6, at tlie skirmish at Throg's Neck, he was 
killed while in the van of the assault, and his body buried in an unknown grave 
in the city of New Yi)rk. 

The letters of Colonel Harcourt, also written from America at a later period, 1776 
-7. are interesting, and furnisli material hitherto unattainable. 

The letters of Capt. John Montresor, who was an engineer in the service of the 
crown not only during the Revolution, but who was present at the takinir of Louis- 
bourg in 1758, and at Quebec the year following, are replete with valuable and in- 
teresting facts. This gentleman was appointed by Geor^re IIL chief-engineer of 
America in 1776. lie marched from Boston with Lord Percy towards Lexington, 
and was of service, if we may judge from his own statement, in securing the bridire 
across the Charles River at Cambridge, thus pYeventing the grenadiers and light 
infantry from being cut off by the American forces pursuing. He relates that dur- 
ing his residence in Bo.-ton he was twice in danger of being assas-inated by rebels, 
once by Doctor Cooper and once by Samuel Dyer. For nearly a quarter of a century 
this man aeted as an en^!:ineer, a profession in which his father bad seen distin- 
guished service before him. The readers of the Registek will remem!)er the very 
interesting account of \n< journey from Quebec across Maine in 1760, which was 
communicated by Mr. Scull to the January number of this magazine. 

Tlie only regret we exjjeriencc in re-ard to this book is its rareness. It will be 
impossible for tlie readers who are interested in historical matters to get a »\'^hx. of 
it, unless within the precincts of S(jme library. We trust that the benefit of Mr. 
Scull's researches will not be denied to the reading public, and that a trade edition 
■will be printed, for it is a pity that a compilation so replete with valuable historical 
memoranda should be within the reach of comparatively a few readers. 

By Daniel T. V. Huntoon., Esj., of Canto. 'i, Masx. 

Verrazano the Explorer : Beinrj a Vindication of kis Letter and Voyage^ xcith an 
Kxamination of the Mnp of tlieroni/no da Verrazano. and a Dissertation upon the 
Globe of Vlpius. To which is prefixed a Bibliography of the subject. By B. F. 
De Costa. New York : A. S. Barnes A; Co. IScO. Royal 8 vo. pp.82. With 
Portraits, Maps and Illustrations. 

It has passed int(; ^rericral history, into school books and cyclopajdias. that Gio- 
vanni da Verrazano, a Florentine naviirator, discoverer and adventurer " of good fam- 
ily," made a voyage to Nortri America while in the .service of Kinir Francis I., of 
France, in 1524, during which he mailed along the Atlantic coast and described Nevr 

1882.] Book jVotices, 213 

England. A letter irivinf,' an account of this voyage and describing the country 
visited, was first printed in Italian in 15j6. It was embraced in a collectiun of voy- 
ages published by Giovanni (or Giambattista) Ramusio, a distinguished Italian 
author, Secretary of the Council of Venice, ambassador and traveller, wlio died in 
1557. This letter described a voyage al<jng the Atlantic coast from latitude .31^ to 
50°. Accepted as authentic, as the relation of an actual voyage of discovery, it hac^ 
formed a part of early history, unquestioned in its genuineness, for a period of more 
than three hundred 3'ears, and Verrazano has been spoken of by all historians as the 
earliest French exolorer of our coast, and possibly the tirst to enter New York bay. 
In 1863 the late Mr. Buckingham Smith, while U. S. Consul to one of the ports 
near Madrid, and while engaged in investigations concerning early Spanish voy- 
ages to America, the results of which were published after his deatii in the elegant 
edition of his " Relation of Cabeca de Vaca;" discovered in the Spanish archives 
documents, which led him to hold serious doubts as to the authenticity of this nar- 
rative generally attributed to Verrazano. The results of his inquiries were emi)odied 
by Mr. Smith in a paper read before the New York Historical Society in 1664, and 
printed in that year. This was followed in 1671 by a paper read before the Ameri- 
can Geographical Society by Mr. J. Carson Brevoort, who took the opposite view 
of the subject, maintaining the genuineness of the Verrazano letter, and defending 
its authority with great skill, learning and ingenuity. Four years later the Hon. 
Henry C. Murphy, in a work devoted to the Voyage of Verrazano [New York, 
1875, 8vo. pp. 19S], gave his reasons for believing the letter a fabrication *' intro- 
duced by Ramusio into his collection without proper scrutiny." This fraudulent 
or spurious letter is by no one of these learned investigators attributed to Verraza- 
no, but to some one of his countrymen anxious to secure for Italy the glory more 
credibly belonging to Estevan Gomez, a Portuguese, who went as chief pilot with 
Magellan and has the credit of visiting the coast of Carolina in 1j'25. The above 
named monographs were reviewed in the Register [vol. xxs. p. I30j for January, 
18"/6, by the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, in which the various points brought under 
discussion to prove the spurious nature of the letter, were very understandin^ly 
stated, and the conclusions of Mr. Murphy emphatically endorsed. At this point 
in the controversy regarding the authenticity of the Verrazano letter, the author 
of the elaborate monograph under notice came forward with a mod'-st little six- 
teen page tract, so small as to have hardly been noticed but by the most pains- 
taking reader and collector, entitled " Verrazano : A Motion for the Stay of Judg- 
ment," reprinted from the columns of a local newspaper, and published anony- 
mously. From that time (1676), Mr. De Costa seems to have made this letter 
and voyage the subject of prolonged special investigation and study — not only 
by an examination of all sources of information in our own country, but by a 
diligent study of the treasures of foreign archives. As in his " Stay of Judg- 
ment " Mr. De Costa brings an acute insight and rare knowledge of early Ameri- 
can explorations to bear upon the subject, showing the weaknesses of the charges 
made against the letter, so in this last and more full examination does he carry out 
in the minutest detail tne careful scrutiny of the unprejudiced, impartial historian, 
but a historian who thoroughly believes in the true theory of his case. The essays 
making up this unique volume are as follows : I. The Letter of Verrazano ; II. The 
Voyage of' Verrazano ; III. The Verrazano Map : IV. The Globe of Vlpius. They 
have previously appeared in the pages of the Ma'jazine of A/mrican Hi.^tory, urA 
are therefore well kn^jwn to historical students, who will doubly prize them in the 
completed form in which they now appear. We need not go over in detail the 
ground traversed. It is sufficient to say that each chapter displays the ripe sciiolar- 
ship, patient investigation, faithfulness to detail, and abundant fairness and impar- 
tiality which have ever characterized whatever Mr. De Custa has trusted to public 
judgment. If all cannot agree with him that the voyage, and letter, ami map, are 
fully established and vindicated as historic realities, severally supported as true after 
the severest tet^ts, we are sure no unprejudiced, intelligent reader who has curefulh' 
followed Mr. De Co^ta througii pnires so abundantly lortilJed by :unj>le historic illus- 
tration and reference, but will say he has matic out a wonderlully tirong ca.-e, one 
which is an honor to historic inquiry, and up(jn which he may salely rest his claims 
to high recognition as a judicious, painstaking, careful and accurate interpreter of 
diflicuit historical problems. 

jMuch may be said in praise of the attractive style in which the work is issued, 

and the interesting illustrations that embellish it. The paper is heavy, the margin 

liberal, the edges uncut. There arc two portraits, four large maps, a map of the 

Vlpius globe of 1512, and five smaller lilustratious (maps,. aut<jgraphs, inscriptions^ 

VOL. XXXYI. 19*^ 

214 Booh N^otices. [April, 

etc.) in the text. The larger illustrations are very finely executed, and add greatly 
to the value of the work. As an Introduction we have a Bibliography of Venaza- 
no, wliich give^^ a very satisfactory resumi of the entire controversy, with complete 
references to all that lias been published irom 15.36 to ISbl. It ma}' be explained 
that in transcribing the title we use the date of the regular title-page (iSsO) rather 
than that ot the cover, which is ISSl, though as matter of fiict we believe the wark 
•was not issued until i8S-2. 

By Sa/nuel L. Board//ian, Esq., of Av gust a, Me. 

Memorial of H'^nry Wolcntt, one of the first Settlers of Windsor, Connecticut, and 
of some of his Dtscendants. By Samuel Wolcott. Printed for Private Dis- 
tribution. New York : Anson D. F. Randolph and Company. 1831. 4to. pp. 

One of the most sumptuous volumes to be found in the department of American 
family history and genealogy, is the Wolcott Memorial. The chief facts pertaining 
to the origin of the volume are as follows. Many years, since, J. Huntington Wol- 
cott of Boston, Frederick H. Wolcott of New York city, and Charles M. W'olcotC 
of Fishkill, N. Y. (brothers, nnd sons of Judge Frederick Wolcott, for^Lcrlyof Litch- 
field. Conn.), commissioned their kinsman, (leorge Gibbs. Fgf^., of New York city, 
to prepare a work ot this general character. He had commenced the task, had gath- 
ered to a Considerable extent the materials to form a book, when, removing to Ore- 
gon, the editorial care of the compilatioti was passed over to Rev. Samuel W(jlcott, 
i).D., now of Cleveland, Ohio. He had previously been the helper of Mr. Gibbs in 
the gathering of tb.e family records, and understood thoroughly the purpo:='es and 
aims of the proposed volume. Alter many years from the inception of the enter- 
prise, the work ntnv appears in such solid richness of paper, letter-press, family 
engravings and binding as makes it a delight to the eye and the mind. The delay 
has given time for the gradual embellishment and correction of the test, until the 
work is in all respects as nearly perfect as time, money, artistic skill and scholar- 
ship Could make it. Only 300 cojjies of the bootc were published, and none of tiiese 
were for sale. About sixty oi them have been given to the leading public libraries 
of the Country, and the otliers were set apart for individuals, generally of the fami- 
ly kindred. 

The work is very properly called a Memorial. It is not designed to be a full 
genealogy of the Wolcott family in America, and yet it is <iuite largely genealoiz;!- 
cai, and the lines whieh are traced are given with great exactness and care. Nor ' 
is it designed to contain a comjjlete and continuous family history. Some of the 
prominent members of the family, men who have h(morably filled tiigh public sta- 
tions, have their records presented with a good degree of fullness. Though the 
book is of large and generous prop(jrtions, yet tlie field to be traversed was so ex- 
tended that the narrative had, of necessity, to be limited and fragmentary. 

Henry Wolcott, the earliest American ancestor of the family, was one of the chief 
men of the Warham and Maverick company that came to tfie Ma>sachusett8 Bay 
in the opening' summer of IfiCU. and established itself first at Dorchester. The spot 
is yet pointed out in Dorchester vrhere Henry Wolcott had hi« home during the 
few years of his stay in that t.jwn. In 1635 the purpose was formed for the remo- 
val of the company froui Dorchester to Windsor, Connecticut, and during tiiat and 
the following year t!jis purpose was carried into effect. This Company numbered 
many honorable men, but no one among them was of higher family rank, accord- 
ing to English idea.s of dignity, than Henry Wolcott. Better, however, tlian mere 
rank was Ids truly n-jble ciiristian character, making him wortiiy to be the father 
of a high, strong, manly race. The generations from this founder which have trod 
the Anjerican mnl tiirough the two hundred and titty years that have uov/ pa-sed, 
have retained to a remarkable degree the strength, the dignity and force which char- 
acterized their early progenitors. 

A most notable man ot this stock in the early years, was Roger Wolcott, born 
in 1670, son of Simon and .Martha (Pitkin) Wolcott, and grandsijn of the founder. 
Simon Wolcott with his large family m'>ved from the west to the east side of Connec- 
ticut River, afterwards the town <jf East \Vindsor, in 16H0, when tlie bcjy Roger was 
only a year old. iJere every thing was new. For some years after this there was no 
scIkjoI or church on this territory, and the child grew to be a youth without (;ver 
attending school a day in his liie. Yet such were the home influences and sucii the 
native force and genius of the boy, that he rose by degrees to be one of the most con- 
spicuous figures on the New Efigland stage. Beginning with the humble but hoa- 

1882.] Booh Notices, 215 

orable office of selectman, he passed on rapidly to be justice of the peace ; represen- 
tative to the GeneiMl Assembly ; commissary of the Connecticut stores in the expe- 
dition against Canada in 1711; ineuiber of the Governor's Council: Judge of the 
County Court; one of the Judijes of the Superior Court : Deputy Governor of the 
Colony of Connecticut ; Chief Justice of the Superior Court; commander of the Con- 
necticut troops in tiie expedition against Cape Breton in 1745, when he received his 
commission as Major General of the Army ; and last of all he was chosen Colonial 
Governor in 1750, in his seventy-second year. Yet this man, passing througli this 
long gradation of offices and honors, was, in no sense, an office seeker, but rather a 
humble and devout christian, loving retirement and reliirious meditation ; rejoieing 
when the day at last came that he could lay aside these public trusts and enjoy the 
quiet of his home. Withal he was a writer upon the public topics of that day, and one 
of the subjects which engaged his pen was a plea f>)T the liberty of the Congrega- 
tional Churches as against the oppressive features of the Saybroo"k Platform. .More- 
over, he was a poet of no mean parts for tliat period. He wrote poems, long and 
short, in which he sliowed that ids ear was attuned to numbers. He died at the 
great age of eighty-nine. 

We have dwelt somewhat at length upon this man, for we regard him as one of 
the most remarkable personages of the early New England generations. 

lie was not only great in hmiself, but he was the fither of a noted family. 
Among his sons were Oliver Wolcott. member of the Continental Congress, and 
signer of the Declaration, as also Governor of Connecticut ; Erastus Wolcott, 
Judge of the Superior Court of Connecticut, and Brigadier General in tlie War of 
the Revolution ; and Alexander Woicott, a distinguished physician and surgeon, 
prominent by his services in the revolutionary army. One of the daughters. Ursula 
Wolcott, married Matthew Griswold, Governor of Connecticut, and a son of hers 
■was Kfjger Griswold. also Governor of the state, besides filling almost every high 
public otBce in the gift of the people. 

Coming down h) later generations, we have a second Oliver NVolcott, son of tlie 
first, Governor of the state, member <jf Congress, kc. The youn^rest brother of the 
hvst named was Judge Frederick Wolcott. who died at Litchfield. Conn., in lbii7, 
father of the three honorable iientlemen througii whose munificence we have the 
beautiful volume before us. We might mention other distinguished names, but 
we must forbear. p]nough has been said to show that this is not a work of vain- 
glory, but is the record of a family which, by its distinguished merits, is worthy of 
this rich setting. 

The ancestnil home of this family for several generations was, as already implied, 
at East Windsor. Ct., chiefly in that part of the t'>wn now known as South Windsor. 
The first Oliver Wolcott. son of Go\. Ri.'ger. removed to Litchfield, Conn., after he 
came to man's estate, and several of the honored persons mentioned in the forego- 
ing narrative, belong, by birth and education, to Litchfield. During this present 
century t!ie name has gone out, both f?<)m East Windsor and Litchfield, in various 
directions und to distant f);irts of the country. 

It is a noticeable fact tlrat while the Ellsworth family constituted the most hon- 
ored houseliold in that part of the ancient ^Vimlsor lying upon the west side of 
the Connecticut River, ttie Wohx)tt frimily held that position on the east side, where 
it was, for many years. intimat*^ly as-ociate<i with tiie Rev. Timothy Edwards and 
his large family, including his ilhistrious -on J(.inathan. Gov. Roger Wolcott and 
his children were parishioners of Mr. Edwards, and were among the most devout 
and church-going people of his large flock. 

By the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, DO., of ?ieu:ton, Mass. 

The Horticulture of Boston and Vicintty. By Marshall P. "Wilder. Bc>ston : 
Tolman & White, Printers. 1881. 8vo. pp."85. Privately Printed. 

The long life of our venerable president has been marked through its whole course 
by a scries of good works, the one fc.llowing the other as year succeeded year ; but 
it will be difhrult to p(jint out anything that he ha,s done where he has more suc- 
cessfully combined the utile with the duke, than he has in his late work entitled 
The Horticulture of Boston and the Vicinity ; written for the " Memorial History 
of Bo.'-ton." 

Here he has furnished us with a chronoljirical list of all the gardeners and of all 
the gardens frr>m Governor Endicot down, including so many famous names that 
one is inclined to disbelieve the oft-repeated assertion as to the starched and crabbed 
nature oi the pilgrims and those immediately succeeding them. 

216 Booh j^otices, [April, 

Winthrop, Blackstone, Dudley, Sewall, Hutchinson and Bowdoin, were all lovers 
and cultivators of choice fruits and flowers, and after them comes a loni; list of names 
that have been household words for the last four gener.uions in and around Bjston. 
It is fortunate also that we have ocular deraonstratijn of the truth of what we 
read, for Smibert, Blackburn and Copley were all lovers of fruit and flowers, and 
frequently introduced them into the portraits of the beauties of their times. 

The whole book, to those of ue who remember vividiy some of the best gardens of 
fifty years ar^o, is most interesting, and to future horticulturists will be of inestima- 
ble value. The style, too, is redolent with the freshness of the early summer morning, 
the beautiful sky, the velvet grass, the glint of running water, the growing fruits, 
and the enchanting flowers, are here brought before us as the work of a brain that 
has a vital enthusiasm for them, and that has worked for and among them with a 
real labor of love. 

I fancy many of us rise from the perusal of this work feeling as the poet Marvill 
did when he says — 

'* Ripe apples drop about my head, 
The luscious clusters of the vine 
Upon my mouth do crush their wine. 
The nectarine and curious peach 
Into my hands themselves do reach. 
Stumbling on melons as I pass, 
Insnared with flowers I fall on grass." 
By Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., of Boston. 

Chicago Antiquities, Comprising original Relations, Letters and Notes pertaining to 
Karly Chicago. EmhelUshed with Views, Portraits, Autographs, eye. By Hen^y 
HuRLBUT. Chicago: Printed for the Auttior. 168]. Svo. pp. 673. Price, $7.50. 
Address Miss ilattie Hurlbut, iiSo. Ann Street, Chicago, 111. 
The title "Antiquities" seems strange enough when we remember that it ap- 
plies to a city whose most remote antiquity is covered by a century, and our sur- 
prise broadens to a sDiile when we pass to the first illustration, which is no less 
than the picture of Mrs. Whistler, a venerable and sprightly lady of w8 years, who 
was still living (1875) in Newport, Kentucky. Mrs. W. was born in Salem, 31ass,, 
in 17c57. Her maiden name was Julia Person, tihe married, in 1802. Lieut. Wil- 
liam Whistler, of the U. S. Army, and when in 1803 his father, Capt. John Whist- 
ler, was sent with his company to build a fbrt (Fort l>earbjrn) on the present site of 
Chicago, the young bride of sixteen yrars accompanied the soidier-pioneers and was 
thus one of the first founders and settlers. A picture of Lieut. Whistler follows on 
next page, and a short sketch of the Whistler family, preceded however by a few 
Extracts of the early laws of the City, and a " City Register and Business Direc- 
tory for 1839 " forms a fitting prelude to the whole work. The author clearly states 
in the Introduction that he intends the " compilation of a series of pamptilets relat- 
ing to the early history of Chicago," and his whole work is so far from the usual 
stereotyped form of histories, and so almost audaciously unique in style and 
arrangement, that you must stop from time to time and remember that it is made 
in the west, and compiled with true western freedom, in order to appreciate its ex- 
cellent points. A vast number of old MSS. :Schedules. Lists of Names, Autographs, 
Sketches of eminent xMen and their families, Celebrated Indians, their Wars and 
Treaties, Portraits, Maps and Plates, all which, connected with a racy, running 
commentary from a free and easy pen, make up the body of the work, and furnish 
one of the most entertaining and at the same time valuable historical books yet pub- 
lished. It is executed in tlie best style of typographical art ; and best of all, thig 
great storehouse of historical and genealogical iidormation is rendered readily 
available by an excellent index, the lack of which has spoiled so many otherwise 
really valuable works. 

By the Rev. George M, Bodge, of Dorchester, Mass. 

Princeton Theological Seminary General Catalogue, I88L Trenton, N. J. : Wil- 
liam S. Sharp, Printer and Stereotyper. 1881, Royal 8vo. pp. 330. 
The Theological Seminary at Princeton, New Jersey, is only three or four years 
younger than that at Andover. The whole number of candidates for the ministry 
who have pursue*! their studies at this institution since its commencement in 
1812, has been 3164. To compass such a multitude of men, telling the places and 
dates of their birth, the colleges where they were graduated, their previous oc- 


1882.] Booh Notices. 217 

cupations, their subsequent places of settlement, their honorary de^rrees and the 
names of the olleges that conferred them, the dates and places of death for such as 
are deceased — this^is a task of the most enormous proportions. Yet this is what is 
ittempred in this weighty compend, and successfully accomplished. Not that every- 
thing is absolutely perfect. It is impossible that it should he so. But the work ia 
S3 grand in its propcjrtions. and so full and accurate in its details, tliat its issue' 
marks, in some sense, a new era in the way of catalogue making. There are some 
new features in this work. As it was deemed desirable to present the names of all 
who have been connected with the institution — even those whose stay was very 
short — the date pt)inting to each man is not the date of his graduation, but of his 
entrance or matriculation. The length of time each one was severally connected 
with the seminary, and whether or not he was graduated, is brietly indicated in the 
course of his record. 

We have had excellent <]:eneral catalorrues of some of our seminaries before this. 
The Divinity i?chool of New Haven pahlished one several years ago, remarkabl}' full 
and accurate. 1 he Union Theological Seminary in New York city has furnished 
one of a hi<:h order. Andover has had a credital)lc Triennial Catalogue in years 
past, and will have a far better one. it is to be hoped, when its present enterprise 
in this line is Completed. Auburn Seminary in New York is also at work upon one 
that will, without doubt, do honor to its compilers. The Hartford Theological Sem- 
inary has just issued a very good General Catalogue. But, at this writing, it must 
be conceded that this catalogue of Princeton bears the palm. And we can say this 
without saying that tiie system on which it is constructed is better than others. 
Upon this point we confess to some doubts ; while we cannot doubt as to the im- 
mense industry and patience by which this work has been done, nor its exceeding 
value to all wlio are engaged m lines of ecclesiastical investigation. 

By the Rev. Increase JS. Tarbox, D D., of Newton. 

Foxborough's Official Centemiial Record, Saturday, Jwne29, I3T8. Published by 
authority of the Town Centennial Committee. 1879. 8vo. pp. 248. 
The town of Foxborough completed, June 29. 1878, one hundred years of its mu- 
nicipal life, it is eminently appropriate and fitting that the words spoken on that 
day should lie preserved in a permanent form. The volume tx-fore us not only serves 
as a souvenir of that interesting event, but furnishes material which will some time 
be a basis for a good t^iwn history. Many valuable facts in regard to the past are 
here brought together, and much information hinted at, which can be developed 
and enlarged upon in alter time. 

This publication contains an account of the preliminary steps taken by the com- 
mittee to render the celebration a success. The names of the various sub-commit- 
tees, the order ot exercises, and a full account of all the incidents and accidents of 
the occasion. From the fiistorical address of the Hon. E. P. Carpenter we learn 
that the modern town of Foxboro' was carved from the towns of \Vrentham, Wal- 
pole, Stoughton and Stoughtonham, in earlier days the southerly division of the 
"South Precinct" of Dorchester. T'he struggles of the early settlers to provide 
religious and secular education are duly noted. The early land grants are defined, 
and the gradual irrowth of its indu.'>tries and manufactures vividly portrayed. The 
poet of the day, the Rev. J. T. Pettee, of West Meriden, Conn., gave a pleasing 
narration, in eas}-, flowing style, of local events, and the poem is well worth read- 
ing, as Horace would say, '* ten times repeated." Within the covers of this book 
is an address, delivered in 1877, by the gentleman who gave the historical ad- 
dress, in which the record of the soldiers during the Kevolution is displayed, and 
historic and traditionary light thrown where darkness before exi-tcd ; also a li.-t of 
those who iought for their c<juntry in the late rebellion is added. Untortunately 
no map or index is i^sued with this book— sad omissions, but there are illustrations 
which will preserve the form of many an old-time building, and the face of Charles 
James Fox, for whom the town was named, has been given a prominent place in 
the book. 

By Daniel T. V. Huntoon, Esq., of Canton, Mass. 

Annals ofKimjs Chapel, from the Puritan Age nfNciP England to the Present Day. 

By Henkv WiLDKK FoOTE. Jn Two Volumes. Volume 1. Boston : Little, 

Brown arid Company. 1882. 8vo. pp. xviii.-f-551. 

*' This Work," the Rev. Mr. Foote informs us in his preface, *' owes its origin to 
a series of atternoon discourses on the History of King's Chapel, given by the 

218 Booh JSFotices. [April, 

author in the course of his parish duty some j'ears ago, at a time when the ill- 
considered iconoclastic attempts to destroy the scanty remnants of former history 
surviving in Boston were directed against this historical ijuilding, and when i ■. 
seemed important to revive the knowledge of its place in our local annals." Thanks 
to the patriotic sentiment of the community, the attacks directed ai^^inst some of 
our most prominent monuments of the past have been loiled, and King's Chnpel, 
the Old South Church and the Old State House have thus far been spared to re- 
mind us of the times and doings of our fathers. Had they succeeded, even '' the 
Cradle of Liberty," the world-renowned Faneuil Hall, might have been in danger. 

Instead of complying at the time with the request of the parish to furnish copies 
of these discourses for publication, Mr. Foote wisely decided to make them the 
basis of a full history of the Chapel : and his researches during the intervening 
years have resulted in producing the most thorough, accurate and interesting 
history of an American clmrch which we remember to have met with. 

The first volume of this work, issued in advance of its companion, brings the an- 
nals of his parish down to the year 1747, the close of the rectorship of Roger Price. 
In it we have an account of the introduction of Episcopacy into Massachusetts, the 
stronghold of that Puritanism which had so long antagonized it, and a recital of 
the stirring events which this produced. The chief actors in the political and reli- 
gious aflairs of the province for more than half a century are necessarily brought in 
review before us ; and it is surprising t<> note how many new tacts illustrating the 
biography and history of New England the persistent research of the author has 
brought to light, from old documents, newspapers, letters, and other unfamiliar 
resources. These he has skilfully woven into his narrative, so that we read in his 
pages the very words of contemporary authorities. The illustrations, as well as 
the matter, have cost much research. The records of the parish show that in 1733 
there were in the Chapel the arms of the sovereign and those of seven distinguished 
personages connected with its history, whose names are given in the inventory. 
The original paintings have long since disappeared, bjit Mr. Foote has succeeded 
in obtaining for his pages the coats of arms of every person in the list. No pains 
have been spared to obtain portraits, autographs, and other appropriate illustra- 
tions, the lists of which take three pages of the book. 

The book is well printed and the engravings are well executed. 

Harlem {City of New York) : its Origin and Early Annals. Prefaced by Home 
/Scenes in the Fatherlands; or Notices of its Founders before Emiyration. Also 
Sketches of Numerous Families, and the recovered history of the Land-titles. With. 
Illustrations and Mans. By James Riker, Author of The Annals of Newtown — 
New York : Printed for the Author. 1881. 8vo. cloth, pp. xiv.-^636. Edition 
limited. Price ^5, or 5.24 by mail. Address James Riker, 80 Nassau Street, 
Room 2. 

This book needs nothing more to assure its sale among those interested in the di- 
rect local history which it covers, than the endorsement of Dr. B. J. Loi^sing, 
who says, " It is so rare in its contents and so helpful to seekers after genealogies 
and land titles in that section, that it must command wide public attention." Rev. 
Dr. Baird, the historian of the Huguenots, writes that he " cann^>t well express his 
delight with the noble work — a precious contribution to our xAmerican history." 
There are other points of special interest in this work, some of which give it a par- 
ticular value to genealogists who are not familiar with the method of Anglicizing 
patronymics in other tlian our New England ways ; in fact, some of them are as 
uncertain as English orthography, which has been well characterized as " a dead 
pull on memorv." 

Chancellor Walworth, in the article on the Delamater family, written with great 
care for the Register (vol. xix. pp. 41-47), could not master all the intricacies of 
such a changeable subject. He supposed Capt. I^aac Delamater was the pn-gt-ni- 
tor of all who bear the name in this country. It appears in Mr. Riker 's work, 
that Glaude le Maistre was father, not only of Isaac but of several otfier brothers 
and a sister Hester. Walworth says she married first, Moses l)e Craaf, and had by 
him one son, and that she married second, Moses La Conti. She really had but one 
husband, whose name, when used hv descendants from the Dutch, was tran.-lated 
from " Le Comte " into " De Graf]"." The name (jf du Puis Id.came Dci-cw in 
New York and vicinity ; in New England it became Dupee. Bensintch became Ben- 
8f)n ; Michiel Bastiaeiisen's son was known as Michielsen, and his son Roger Michi- 
elsea had children, some of whom took the surname of Reyer, others Michiel ; while 

1882.] Booh jS'otices. 219 

principles changed Pome names, a phonetic change marked differences in others; 
and this book is a valuable guide to the various changes from whatever causes, and 
appears to he clear as to consanguinity, however striking the ditlerence in family 

It would not he siirprisins: if Jean du Puis, the respected elder of the French 
Protestant Church in IJoston, was the son of Nicohis du I^uis of Harlem. His pater- 
nity has not been discovered, hut this liook records a son Jean, and we tind a person 
of that name here shortly after the death of Nicolas, arranging for the invitation 
of the Rev. Pierre Dailie from his parish in New York. 

A brief but intere^^tino; sketch of this beloved minister is given upon page 376. It 
appears that he preached in New York and vicinity for thirteen years before he was 
called to Boston. [le sold a house and lot on Broadway seven years after he was 
settled here. He frequently visited his old parishioners, the last time three years 
before his death. He was long remembered for his eloquence, excellence and 

The chapters on the movements of the Huguenots in Eur(')pe are very interesting, 
and the author's de>crif)tion of manners and customs in the new settlement have 
the flavor of Dr. Felt's description of the old times in Xew England. 

By John C. J. Brown, Esq., of Boston. 

The Cornmcmoralion Services of the First Parish in Hingham, on the Tico Hun- 
dredth Anniversary/ of the Bnilding of its Meeting House, Monday, August 8, 1831, 
Hmgham : Published by the Parish. 1882, Bvo. pp. vi. 4-169. 
The Early Keligiovs Customs of New England. An Address at the Two Hundredth 
Anniversary of the Bnilding of the Meeting House in Hingham, Mass., August 8, 
1881. By Edward J. Young. Cambridge : John VYilson and Son, University 
Press. 188-2. 8vo. pp. 18, 

The " Old Meeting House " in Hingham is the oldest house of public worship 
standing in New England. It was raided on the 26th, 27th and 28th of July, 1681, 
and the house was complete(J and opened for public worship January 8, 1681-2. On 
the 8th of August last the bi-centenary of its erection was celebrated in it by ap- 
propiate services. The book whose title is first given al»ove contains the exercises 
on this occasion. The principal address was by Prof. Charles Eliot Norton. There 
were also addresses by the Rev, E'hvard A. Horton, the Re\. Edward J. Y^oung, 
the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., His Excellency John D. Long, the Hon. Rob- 
ert R. Bishop, the Rev. Joseph Osgood, the Hon (jeorire B. Loring, the Rev. Eben 
Francis, the Hon. Thomas Russell, the Rev. Lewis B. Bates, and Mr. Hosea H. 
Lincoln. Prof. Norton is descended from the Rev. John Norton who was pastor of 
the church when the building was erected ; Gov. L >n:j: is a resident of Hingham ; 
Col. Wilder represented as president ttie New England Historic, Geneahjgical So- 
ciety, and Judge Russell the Pilgrim Society of Plymouth ; the Rev. Mr. Horton 
was recent]}^ pastor of this church ; the Rev. Mr. Osgood is pastor of another church 
in Hingham; and the Rev. Mr. Young, Mr. Bishop and the Rev. Messrs. P'rancis 
and Bates, as is also Col. Wilder, are descended from early Hingham families. 
Richard Henry Stoddard, a native of Hin^:ham, read a poem written tor this cele- 
bration. Other original poems were also read. The literary exercises were worthy 
of the occasion. A ni>table feature was the introduction, during the exercises, of 
the church music of varii)uH periods since the erection of the meeting house. The 
book is hand.-oraely printed, and is embellished with a view of the old meeting 
hou-'se and a portrait of the Rev. Calvin Lincoln, the senior pastor, since deceased, 
both heliotypes. 

The .«second work is a reprint of the Rev. Mr. Young's address, containing an in- 
teresting account of the religious customs of the past. 

History of the Town of Milford, Worcester County, Massachusetts. From its First 
Settlement to 1881. In' Two Parts. Part I. — Strictly Historical. Part H. — 
Bioirraphico-Genealogical Register. By Adin Ballou. Published by the Town. 
Franklin Press: Rand, Avery, & Co. 1882. Bvo. pp. xviii. -j- 1 15L Price in 
cloth in 1 volume. .<i, in 2 volumes, ,^'4.50 a set; in half calf or turkey morocco 
in one volume, ,<2.50, in 2 volumes, $7. Address J. H. Putnam, Milford, M;iss. 
We welcome the advent of every new town history as l>eing a valuable addition 

to the literature of the country, especially when prepared in a careful manner, and 

rendered attractive like the volume before us. 
This work is a handsome octavo, containing nearly twelve hundred pages. It is 

220 Booh J^otices, [April, 

divided into two parts and peventeen chapters. Tlie first part contains cvcrytliing 
of historical interest pertaining to the town, tVoui the date of the pnrcirase of the 
land of the Indians in 1662 ; it.s history while formini: a part of the town of Men- 
don, and its separation Irom that town and inc-^rporation into a distinct munici- 
pality in 1780; a complete account of ita officers, oriranizati »ns, institutions, soci- 
eties, educational and ecclesiastical history ; and a full representation of the part lier 
citizens took in the several wars. That of the Rebellion of Ictil i^ given in detail, 
OCCupyinL'' 75 pages. The rise and progress of her various industries ; her popula- 
tion at ditlerent periods, ^tc, are also to he found here. 

The sc'^ond part contains 669 pages of iSenealogical Registers of the earliest fami- 
lies, present residents and those who have gone oat to people i»ther localities. The 
whole is a valuable addition to the already numerous genealogical works, as well 
as an important aid to future compilers of family history. The lahor in tins <lepart- 
ment has been immense, occupying several years of time, and no tiiue or expense has 
been spared to render the work reliable and complete. 

There are 3U illustrations, mostly steel portraits, among which is a fine one of the 
author, and a maj-) prepared expressly for the work. 

The town contrilxited ^^4,000 for th.e publication of this volume, and it is to be 
congratulated upon having so faithtul a chronicler of her history. We hope ere 
loniT to see more of this class of town histories. 

By Bradford Kin(jman, Esq. ^ of Brookline, Mass. 

Report of /he Commissioner of Education for the Year 1S78. Washington : Govern- 
ment Printing Office. 1^*60. 8vo. pp. cc -f-730. 

■ For the Year 1879. Washington: Government Printing Office. 18S1. 

Bvo. pp. CCXXX.-I-737. 

These volumes, besides the report of the United States Commissioner of Educa- 
tion, the Hon. John Eaton, LL.D., contain appendixes of over seven hundred pages 
each, giving Abstracts of the Officitil Reports of the School Officers of States, Terri- 
tories and Cities, with Additional Information from Various Sources. 

for the bulk of the matter in these volumes Mr. Eaton has scattered his interro- 
gation points broadi'ast over the country, and. in due time, he has reaped the har- 
vest of valuable information gathered into the ponderous volumes before us. 

New York tells her story in fifteen pages, not counting a host of statistics, while 
" lovely " Wyoming tells her •' desolation." perhaps, in a page and a half. Massa- 
chu.'ietts, knowing more, it may be. and having more to say, is accorded eighteen fair 
pages, and so on through the long list of states and territories, and even a faint re- 
sponse comes from the latest born child Alaska, who is just beginning to talk 
educationally. It may be interesting to know that Alaska in l37iJ contained 9063 
inhabitants: :319 Americins, 17 foreigners, over 3000 eicii Indians and Aleuts, 1416 
Creoles, and '20') nationality not.i^iven. Four scho.ds are reported with over 200 
pupils. It is found that '' the children have good minds, and are susceptible of a 
high state of culture." It is impossible in our space to nauie a tithe of the topics 
upon which Gen. Eaton has presented valuable information lor the teacher, parent, 
supervisor, or any one interested in the great cause of education. 

In the Appendix, comprising twenty-four Statistical Tables, covering over 400 
pages, we have a vast amount of " facts in figures " that will take a person a month 
to read and stu<ly carefully. One excellent feature or the work we can commend 
highly. We reter to the obituary notices of eminent t<^achers who have died 
throughout the period covered by the reports. Mr. Eaton has given a 5:ummary of 
each book in a broadside of nearly a square yard, in which the cssenc*' of the whole 
subject is found. We notice that there is considerable improvement in tfie [^aper, 
the printing and the binding of the books, over the reports formerly issued by the 

This Educational Bureau is exerting in a quiet way, by its collection of facts 
and distribution of documents, an induence upon the cause of sound learning the 
maenitude of which no one can now guess. Gen. Eaton is now doing for the whole 
union wliat Horace Mann did for Ma.>-sachusett.s. We hope that Congress will heed 
his recommendations of an increase of the permanent fierce of the office, and that 
provi.vion will be made for the publication of 15000 copies of the commissioner's 
report for distribution by the Bureau. 

By George T. Littlefield^ Es^.y of Boston. 


Booh Notices. 



An .Autographic Puzzle. 

Bfifore the article with this title, giving the rengons of the Hon. Robert C. Win- 
thv(»p for readiiii; the mysterious auto<zraph, Tho : Ashley, was printed in the Octo- 
bev number of the Register (xssv. 3S5), the editor sent several impressions of the 

fac-simile in tiie mar- 
gin to Col. Joseph L. 
Chester, D. C. L. , 
LL. D., of London, 
with a request for his 
opniion as to what 
surname was intend- 
ed. Col. C. was in- 
formed that S{)rini^ 
had been suirirested, 
and that the end(jrse- 
ment of Governor 
\V i n t h r o p looked 
like Ashley, fie re- 
plied in a note dated 
" Kamsirate, Kent, 20 
Aug. 1881," but the 
letter did not reach 
Boston till the note 
of Mr. Trask was 
printeci. At Colonel 
Chester's sugirestion 
we did not print his 
opinion in the Janua- 
ry number, in order 
to give others a chance 
to express their views on the subject ixjiure doinir so. No opinion or suijijestion, 
however, has yet been received from anyone. Col. Chester still adheres to his 
opinion, lie writes, March 4, 1862 : '* My original conjecture has not been shaken 
in the least.'" 

Col. Chester writes in his first letter : " Your hierogh'phic signature is a puzzle. I 
have placed it in the hands of several experts, who say they can do nothing with it, 
but they invariably reject Spring and Ashley. I formed my own conjecture as to the 
name, but did not reveal it to either of thi^se to whom I sent the signature until t 
had their replies. Mv theory was that the name was Slainey or Slayney. I endorse 
a letter from Mr. H. W. King, honorary secretary of the K^sex Archtejlogical Soci- 
ety, for many years one of t!ie inspectors of the Bank of England, from which you 
will see that he and I differed in only a single letter, he reading the name Swainey. 
I then suggested Slainey. I enclose als* his reply to tliat."' 

Mr. King's first letter is dated " Leigh Hill. Leigh, E->ftx, 22 Aug. 188L" The 
following is an extract : "Limy opinion the name is 'I ho : Sw amy, or perhaps 
Swairu-y, if we read the N and E in monogram, or as ligatured; but I incline to 
iSwainy. I seem to have no doubc about the last four letters; but I stuck fast a 

long time at the two first After studying and considering a long while, 1 have 

concluded that the tall character is the firet letter, and that it is a long S, and that 
the figure of 8 work which precedes it is mere ornamental flourishing, and with 
[other flourishes] at toji and bottom put in to fill the sjtaces. The transverse dash 
which crosses the first three letters but is broken, caused me to hesitate at first, as 
it seemed from the break to belong to the tall character, and for a long while I 
thought it even possibly a tall E, but I now conclude it was a dash made%\'ith one 
stroke of the pen merely as the cross to the central letter A. If you notice the dash 
takes the curve of a single stroke, .... and the break made arises from an obstruc- 
tion, such as a knot in the paper now worn off. If I am right in concluding that 
this is nothing more than the cross stroke of a capital A, for as 1 read the siirnature 
the whole is in capitals, and that all the figure of ci flourishing is the ornamental tail 
of the taller ariyone might make in an eccentric signature, then tliere se<'iiis no 
difJicalty in reading the wc^rd Swainy or Swainey, with preference for the for- 
mer There is no ofjecti'in, howeveT, to the theoi-y that the N and E may be 

ligatured, because this is actually the ea,-e with the h and o in Tho 

"When stuck fiist over the autograph, as 1 was for a long while, I began to start 

222 Booh JVotices. [Ai .« 


a theory whether, for sccrot or political renson?, the signature was not in cyp 
for in euch case the eccentricity of the writing would have been necessary, ^.''^"g 
course, those who have the signature before them have an advantage over you^ ^'^'^Q 
me, as under a strong lens the crossin'x '>t the pen and other p ^ints may be ^tlp^V 
which cannot by any possibility bo in any printed tae-simile, iiuwever accuratt'^'^" 
reproduced in other respects." ^^' 

In Mr. King's second letter, dated "24 August, 1881," he writes: " My seconC^ 
venture was the very name you smuggest. I had regarded the pos^ibility of the name 
being Slainy or Slainey, but I abandoned it on the ground that there were too 
many tall lines for an L, unless a very eccentric one. Then 1 came to Swainy, 
though I felt it was an uncommon name, and one that I do not know that I ever 
met with, though it seems quite a possilde one. It seemed tome, that ligatured 
with the A it made a better W than an L. Before I had quite determined as to 
flourishinir of the initial S, I tiiouLrht that the dourishing might represent a very 
eccentric 13, and that the tall letter with the dash commencing from it might be a 
very elongated £, and that tiie whole name was perhaps Belainy. The name Be- 

lany is known to me That the name is cSwainy or Stainy I feel certain. It 

does not seem pussi )le to make anything else out of it. ... In favor of your con- 
clusion, I concede that Slainy is a more probable name than :^\vainy. I tind in 
Burke a Sir Stephen blaney or iSlany, Lord Mayor of London 1595, and there are 
Slaneys of Salop and Worcestershire. Slauey, the Lord Mayor, was of Stafford- 
shire, as it seems." 

Col. Chester, after the receipt of the October number of the Rkgister and reading 
Mr. Winthrop's reasons for thinking the name to be Ashley, wrote under date ot l4 
Oct. ISSl : '• I have been pursuing tiie investigation of the mysterious autograph, and 
am Sorry to say that the opinion of your experts does not airree with those on this 
side of the water. As 1 told you, 1 at once read tlie name Slainey. 3Ir. King read 
it Swainey, but yielded to my reading on further examination, i sent a copy to the 
best exfjert at the British Museum, a man of long and great experience, who wr-tte 
back : ' 1 am not €[uite sure, but I think it is Siayney.' The ^^entleman most fami- 
liar with the writing at the Will Otfice expressed the same opinion. 

" I tinally handed a copy to a gentleman who frequents the Public Record Office, 
askinfj him to show it to the exjierts there. I enclose you his post card received 
yesterday " [which reads ; *• All that I have shown the signature to are a-jjreed that 
it is " Tiio. Slaney.' There was, I see, at the time, a Slaney, governor of Newfound- 
land "J. 

" All these witnesses have been quite independent of each other, and every one of 
them said, after Ashley was sugirested, that it cannot by any possibility be Asnly 
or Ashley or Ashby. Stili we may all be mistaken and your explanation be the 
correct one." 

I am informed that when Mr. Winthrop's attention was first called to the fac- 
simile of this autograph published in the Register for July, IS-? I, he read it Stan- 
ley or Stainly, but when the original document was shown him and he found that 
his ancestor, the governor, to whom the letter was addre-sed, and who, he could 
not d()ubt, must have known his correspondent, had himself endorsed it " Mr. A-h- 
by," or '' Mr. Ashly,'* he felt that he cijuld come to no other conclusion than that 
this was the name of the writer of the letter. As this endorsement is material to 
deciding the question, I have had a fac-simile made, q 

which is given in the margin. In the original there is, "^-xJ^ 
at the rigut of the third letter in the surname, a taint ^^ 
line, not reproduced in the fac-simile, which may have 
been made with a pen, though more likely it is a slight 
blur from the letters before the ink was dry. If made 
with a pen it is probably a loop of the letter A. I will 

add that Mr. Winthrijp ha.s had forty years' e.xperience in deciphering the very 
difficult handwriting of his ancestor, and his reading ol the endorsement will be 
questioned by few. It should be borne in mind that in every other letter to (Jov. 
Winthrop which has such an endorsement, the name endorsed Ls that of the writer 
of the letter. It is possible, though I think hardly probable, that the governor 
did not know the writer. 

The original autograph ha.s been examined with a lens. There is no obstruction 
in the pajter to break the cross-line. T'hc pen seems t^) have been raised from the 
paper there. Tl:e ink is darker in parts of the signature where more ink was in 
pen. The cross-lines, are in dark ink, and so is the flourish at the bottom of the 
autograph, which appears to have been made last. 

,^;.] Booh ^''otices, 223 


Bradford's Manuscript History of Phjmonih Plantation and its Transmission 
-An our Turns. By Justin Winsor. Conrspniiding Secretary Ma«:sachusetts His- 

Bf'ical Society. Private p]dition, Seventy-Five Copies. Cambridge: John Wil- 
t'u'<.n and Son, University Press. 18S1. 8vo. pp. IS. 
^This is a reprint from the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society of 

paper read betl^re it !>y Mr. Winsor, Nov. 10, ISSl. It ,:iives a very intert'Sting 
nistor}" of the manuscript and " its transmission to our times." The reading pub- 
lic is much indebted to Mr. AVinsor for his pains in gatiiering together tliese tacts 
and placing them on record. In the Piegester for July 1855. October 1856, and 
January 1857 (is. 231-2 ; x. 353-4 ; xi. 44), Avill be found several articles on the 
discovery and recovery of this manuscript. This affair has caused some controversy, 
and Mr. Winsor has nimed to give an impartial account of it. 

I will take this oppt)rtanity to put un record a lew tacts bearing on this subject 
with which I am conversant. The late Mr. John S. Barry, while carrying the first 
volume of his History of Massachusetts throuah the press, had a number of proofs 
taken, which he placed in the hands of his friends for their corrections and sug- 
gestions. One copy was placed in Mr. Thornton's hands, one in Mr. Drake's, and 
one in mine. There were others who received them, aiuong whom I tliink were Dr. 
N. B. Shurtlcff and Dr. Charles Deane. On tlie afternoon of February 14, 1855,^ 
the late J. Wingate Th«^rnton, A.M., took up at Biirnham's book-store a copy of 
the Bishop of r3xford"s History of the Protestant Episcopal Church in America, 
which work he had never seen before. In it he found a Manuscript History of the 
Plymouth Plantation, quoted as being in the Fulham Library. In the quotatiotis 
he noticed some new tacts about the Pili:riiiis. He purchased the book and took it 
to his office, where he rt-ad it, and, as was his custom, underscored important pas- 
sages and made annotations. Tlie reference to the Fulham manuscript he not only 
underscored, but marked with double lines in the margin A photo-electrotype fac- 
simile of the note as it was marked when loaned to Mr. Barry, is here given : 

1 Ms . History of the Plantation of Plrmouth, &c. , — in the 
Fulham Library . 
■3 Ibid 

As Mr. Thornton then had in his hands Mr. Barry's proof of that portion of his 
history relating to t!ie Maytlower, he determined to draw .Mr. Barry's attention to 
this manuscript, when he called for his proof, so that lie miifht in his l)ook make 
some reference to it and its new facts. .Mr. Thornton was obliged to leave his office 
before Mr. Barry called, ami he left the book in charge of the late John 11. 
Sheppard, A.M., who occuf»ied the same office. 1 have several times conversed with 
Mr. Sheppard on the subject. He di'i not remember whether a note was left 
with the book or not, but xMr. Barry's attention was called to the manuscript; 
either by the book being open at the phice, or a paper being placed there. Mr. 
Sheppard also verbally called his attention to the matter. 

Ttiose who know Mr. Thornton best are convinced that if he had not been so anx- 
ious to do a favor to ids friend Mr. Barry, he would liave written to some corres- 
pondent in London, and a mere examinatitm of the manuscript would have revealed 
that it was the much sought History His discovery of the Trelawney pa})ers is an 
evidence of his persistency in following a clew. 

history of Sanbornton, New Hampshire, la Two Volumes. Vol. 11. Genealo- 
gies. By Rev. M. T. Runnels. Boston, Mass. : Alfred Mudge k Son, Printers. 
1881. 8vo. xiii.-rl032. 

The Historj' of Sanbornton has been for eoine years in preparation by the Rev. 
Mose.s T. Runnels, pastor of the Congrei^ational Church in that town. The second 
volume, containin-' ^enealo^Mcs, is first completed. It is a monuuiental work. The 
interest in family hi.-tory and g(.'nealoL::!i*al investiLcation, wliich has been so signally 
developed in tlie la'<t half century, and with which our society has had so much to 
do, has scarcely producid a more characteristic and notable volume. B )nds Wa- 
tertown is a classic in this department, and must remain so, although its honored 
author wouhl have iinjn'oVf.'d its method and structure if he had done his work a 
generation later. \v'\ mirrs ( 'liarh.-L two <JeriealoMif.^ rcfu'cscnts w«;ll the proirrep-s 
of twerity-tive y'/ir.~ in this field, and toi-ms anijther landmark. Fo those who 
have \ujt examined the .Sanbori-tijii (jenealo^ies it may st.-eia extrava<rant praise to 
Bet this volume in com[)arisoQ with the great works of' B<jnd and W'yuian. But we 
think it deserves such di.->tinction. It contains more than 1(X)0 solid, well-printed 

224 Booh Notices. [April, 

octfivo pai^es, devoted to the family history of a town whose life covers less than 
half the period of Uharlestown and Watertjwn, and the population of which has 
scarcely exceeded '2000 at any time. \7e think we are safe in saying that there was 
never a municipality the record of whose family life iias been so thoroui^hly made, 
from the beginning of its corporate existence to the dace of publication, as that 
which this volume irives of this hill-town of New Iiami)shire. It includes :23,065 
names, «>;rouped under '2-2b families, many of these including extensive and non- 
related branches. The family trom wiiicii the town witli great pro))riety derives 
its name is ttie most numerous, uecupyiniT 74 ]:^ages. and is f »ll)wed by the Mor- 
risons with 34 pages, the Smiths with -20 pages, the Taylors with Co pages, and the 
Clarks with '23 pages. Others, occupying ten pages or more, are Brown, Burleigh, 
Colby, Durgin, Gdman, llunkins, Lane, Piiilbrick, Prescott, Thompson and Tilton ; 
and there are ti)irty others which occupy five or more pages. Ttie location of resi- 
dences is carefidiy noted, and some space is given to personal characteristics and 
anecdote, generally witli judicious selection and brevity. 

The honest and thorough work which this volume represents is well attested by the 
two nidexes. The tirst is of persons, repeating alphabetically with careful reference 
every name found in the volume, and tills I'-'S payees, three columns to a page. The 
second is general, giving places and topics with minute fidelit}'. ^Vhatever the 
work contains uf any person, place or topic can be quickly found by any one who 
wishes to know. 

How all thi& can be sold for S3, or, with the forthcoming Volume I. for $5, is 
a mystery. It can be obtained of the author, or of Alfred Mudge & Son. 34 School 
Street, Boston, tlie printers, who have given the contents a clear and handsome 
dress. It ^hould have a wide sale. 

By Ihe Rev. Htnry A. Hazai, of Auburndalc. 

Tithingmen. By Herbert B. Adams. 8vo. pp. 23. 

This is a re!>rint of a valuable essay contributed by Professor Adams, of Johns 
Hopkins Ojllege. to the Proceedings of the American Antiijuarian Society (New Se- 
ries, i.. Part 3). in which is shown the origin of the office and the history of tne insti- 
tution in the Old and in the New \V(.)rld. '• More ancient than towns or jrarishes." 
it was a " patriarchal institution underlyini; ail local forms of Saxon sell-govern- 
nient." The tithingman of Massachusetts was, primarily, the head man of a 
neighborhood of ten tamilies. at least; possibly, not chosen in the town meetings, 
but elected by the inhabitants in their several precincts, as was provided for by the 
Act of the General Court in 1679. lie was not a collector of the tithes, it seems, as 
the name might imply, but a conservator of the peace, having an oversight of his 
particular families, in general, though empowered to act in other precincts, and to 
make report to an overseer regularly commissioned from the governor, of the delin- 
quencies and ill-beliavior of those under hiscliarge. The duties of this official appear 
to have bt-en distinguished from that of a constable in tiiat it had a more intimate 
control and oversight of families and the morals oi their respective neigliborhoods, 
having a greater li<jme power, more of the character of a fatherly inspecti(jn and 
guidance. The {H-imitive .^eature of this functionary is, probably, to most minds 
unknown. The office has become obsolete. lie is, as we may suppose, remembered 
more as a " coerser,"' or a kind o( Sunday police man, who was ex})ected to hxjk 
after the boys in the church, and their elders out of it, to stop travellers on the 
road and to prevent tlie infringement of .Sabbath laws and customs. It is well oc- 
casionally, as in the tract before us, to look inti> tlie origin of things, and see, under- 
lying, those great fundamental principles which were ad.)pted by our fathers for 
guidanr-e and action in their ancient municipal administrations. 

By Wi/ltam B. Trask, Esi/., of Boston. 

Irish Fcdiyrccs; or the Oriyin and Stem of the Irish Nation. By JonN O'IIaRT, 
Q.U.I , Felluw of the Royal Historical and Archaeological Association of Irelana, 
etc. Dublin: M. 11. Gill Sc Son, 50 Upper Sackville St. Ib81. Demy 8vo. 
pp. xsxvi.4 8()8-r3l. Sold in New York by I). & J. Sadlier, P. M. iiaverty, 
Scribner, Arm>trong Si Co. ; in Washington. D. C, by Daniel Brosnan, and 
Baltimore, Md., by John P. Des Forges. May be liad also f'njm the author, 
Biiig'^erid, Dublin, lrelan<i. Price PJs. Od. ; free by post, 13s. 6d. 
Mr. O Hart gives us in this wijrk the result of long-continued research in the 
field of Irifth Genealogy. Although he largely draws upon O'Clery's '' Irish 
Genealogies," and although the book is very largely a compilation of tables whose 

1882.] Boole mtices. 225 

credibility cannot alTvays be established, j'et it may be said that Mr. Ollart has 
done his work as well as it could be doue with the materials at his command, and 
the paijes everywhere abiaind with eviJenct's of his earnestness and sincerity. The 
study of Irish genealo_^y is surrounded with peculiar dillicuities. arising troui the 
inyttiical character ot n)any of the cliief sources of genealogical information, and 
the absence of early Irisn records wliose credibility can l)e de[)euded upon. This 
fact serves only to render Mr. O "Hart's attempt to accomplish what he could in this 
difficult field more praiseworthy; and that he has been successful in brini^ing to light 
many facts hitherto unknown, will win tor him the gratitude of those who best ap- 
preciate the nature and extent of the difficulties with wiiich he has been surround- 
ed. Tlie book must necessarily occupy a commanding position anion^r works on 
Irish genealogy, and altiiough it does not treat oi as many of the old families as we 
might wish, it abounds in valuable information respecting those which it brings to 
our notice. There are 331 of these, 35 of which are ot Anglo-Irish or Anglo-Norman 
extraction, and i?96 i^f Mde-^ian t)rigin. 

By the Rev. R. Randall Hoes, of iXew Rochelle, N. Y. 

Collections of the Maine Historical Society. Vol.Ylll. Portland: Hoyt, Fogg & 

Donham. 1681. [S^o. pp. 511.J 

This last issue is a valuable addition to the already valuable publications of the 
society. At the beginning we meet the genial face of the late Judge Bourne, which 
in itself is a most a[^pro[n'iate introduction, identilied as he will ever stand with the 
highest interests and achievements of the society. Next in order is an able and 
exhaustive article ou ttie " North Eastern Boundary," trom the pen of ex-Governor 
Israel Washburne. Tiien an interesting account of tiie military services of Col. 
Arthur JSoble, of Georgetown, at Cape Breton and Nova liscotia, 1745-7, l)y W illiara 
Goold, of Windham, ^de. Art. III. is a rich contribution to the Educationai His- 
tory of Maine, trom tlie liand of Dr. J. T. Champlin. II. W", Richardson's brief 
but excellent paper on the "• Pemaquid Country under tiie Stuarts,"' adds much to 
that important brancb of our local mstory. xMr. Gooid also contributes Art. V'., on 
Fort Halitax, on wiiicii subject he is a notable authority, and besides a sketch of 
Col. William Vaugiian, ot Uamariscotta. Art. VII., by John E. Godfrey, of Ban- 
gor, is an account ot that vast tract of country lying east and nortti of Pemaquid 
point, which was early known as JSorambegi. All the above is richly interspersed 
with valuable notes. The closing article ls made up of biograjjiiical sketclies of 
eminent members of the society lately deceased. A valuable volume indeed I and 
our only regret is that being so valuable in itself, it snould be rendered almost use- 
less to the student ot local history and genealogy, and for general research, by the 
lack of an indtx of names and places — a lack wnich in any work ot local history is a 
serious and unpardonable defect, especially inexcusable when it is published by a 
historical society. 

By the Rto. G. M. Bodge, of Dorchester, Mass. 

Shakspeare'' s New Map in Twelfth Niyht, by C. 11. Coote, British Museum. Lon- 
don, 1878. 8vo. pp. 14, and illustrative map. 

In the drama of the great poet bearing the title of Twelfth Night, there is men- 
tion made of a map theu popularly known as the new* map. In the passage referred 
to, Maria says of Malvolio, He does smile his face into more lines than are in the neiu 
map with the auy/nen/ation of the Indies. Act. III., Scene II. The commentators upon 
this play have generally referred this map t*) one to be fimnd in a translation of Lin- 
schoten s Voyages into the Eust and West Indies, published in London in 1598. Mr. 
Charles Henry Coote, of the map department of tne iintish Museum, has discovered 
another map, proiiaijly made by Edward Wrigiit, which he thinks to be the one re- 
ferred to by iSiiakspeare, and in this little brochure he sustains liis theory by inge- 
nious and plauftiljle arguments. The map in question has on it more than the usual 
number of rhumb-lines, has a fuller development of ttie Indies, and in the di^tant 
north has a representation of the discoveries ma<ie by the Dutcfi m 1501-15'JG, in 
the three voyages made by William Barents. To this latter characteristic <^f the 
map Mr. Coote refers anotfier pass;!ge in the same play, in whieh Fabian upbraids 
Sir Andrew Ague-cheek tor his apparent indifference to Olivia, and as a conse- 
quence of it he adds, You are now sailed into the nortli of my lady's opinion, where 
you will haii'j like an icicle on a Dutchman s heard, unless you do redeem it by 
some laudable attempt, either of valour or policy. 

A fac-simiie of this New Map was issuedj in IbrfO, by the Hakiuyt Society in con- 
VOL. XXXVI. 20* 

226 Booh Notices, [April, 

nection which the Voyasres of John Davis of Sundridge, bat nevertheless in a sep- 
arate cover. It is plausibly sugi^ested tliat the profusion of lines which may he 
?een on this luap, by any one who will take the trouble to examine it. naturally led 
the great poet to observe a ludicrous similarity bv'tween it and the smiling face of 
Malvolio. The btory of the late voyaire of the Dutchman, William Barents, and 
his trcsty winter at Nova Zembia, then fresh in tlie public mind, gave point anii 
effectiveness to the representation of Olivia's disdain, to which the stupid iSir 
Andrew is made to haug like an icicle on a Dutchmans' beard. 

Besides the very probal)le identification of the map referred to by Shakspeare, 
the reader of this pamphlet cannot fail to be reminded of the marvellous receptivity 
of the great dramatist's mind for all kinds of knowledge, and of the readiness with 
which he seized upon whatever was new, and made it serve and adorn his works. 

By the Rev. Eainund F. Slafltr, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

The Visitation of Yorkshire in the Years 1563 and 1561. Made by William Flower, 
Fsquire, J\i>rroy Kinc/ of Arms. Edited by Cuarles Best Xorcliffe, M.A., of 
Langton I^ndun : 18S1. Royal 8vo. pp. viii.-t-416. 
The Parish Rtf/isters of St. Thomas the Apostle, Lo7idon, containing the Marriages^ 
Baptisms and Burials from 1558 to 1751. Edited by Joseph Lemuel Chester, 
Honorary D.C.L. of the University of Oxford, and honorary LL.D. of Columbia 
College, 2sew York ; Editor of tlie " Westminster Abbey Kegisters,*' etc. Lon- 
don : 1881. Royal 8vo. pp. vi.H-190. 

"We give above the titles of the issuesof tiie Flarleian Society (See Register, xxiii. 
340 ; XXV. 97; xxx. 479; xxxiii. -265: xxxv. 300) tor the year 1881. The dues of 
this useful society are an entrance fee of h-alf a guinea and an annual subscription 
of one guinea. The society was organized in 1&69, and during the twelve years of 
its existence it has issued to its members sixteen roj^al octavo volumes, fourteen of 
them Visitations of different Cvjunties, one, Le Neve's Catalo^rue o^ Knights, and the 
other the Registers of Westminster Abbey. In 1877 a Register series was begun 
for those memliers who pay an additional fee of i)ne guinea annually. Five volumes 
of this series have been issued. The volumes of both series are thoroughly indexed. 
'i"he Visitation of Yorkshire for 1563-4, whose title we give first, we are informed l>v 
the editor, Mr. Norclitie, in his preface, completes the list of visitations of that 
county in print. Of the other visitations, that of 1530 was printed by the Surtees 
Society in 1863, those of 1581 and 161-2 Ijy Ji^seph Foster in lw75,and tiiat of 1664-5 
by the Surtees S'jciety in 1859. The editor of this volume rendered literary assist- 
ance on all of these but the first named. The present visitation is printed from a 
copy preserved by ^Ir. Flower, the herald who made it. After passing through 
several hands, it was purcha.-ed in 1738 by Thomas Norcliffe, Esq., of l^angton, 
Yorkshire, in whose family it has since rem lined. The editor, who is descended 
from him, ha^^ j)erformed his labor in a highly creditable manner. His annotations 
add much to the value y^i the work. A complete copy of this visitation is not found 
in the Briti^h Mu&eum. 

The next volume is given to us with the careful editorship of Col. Chester. In 
his preface he writes: " The earlier portions of the Registers of St. Thomus_ the 
Apostle are exceedingly defective, many of the entries being more or less illegible, 
and otliers ho[>eiessly so. The greatest care has been taken by tlie transcriber. Mr. 
J. Eedes, in deeyphering the doubtful entries, and in many instances they have been 
successfully determine 1 from voluminous extracts taken by the editor twenty years 
ago, since which date the deterioration of the earliest volume has been steadily going 
on. No stronLrcrarL'ument in favor of the enterprise of the Harleian Society in print- 
ing important Parish Rei^isters could be found than is atibrded by the gradual but cer- 
tain destrucri<jn, from natural causes, of this particular one, from which no process 
can rescue it." The name (jf the editor is suiBcient a.ssurance that this is a faith- 
ful transcript, and that everything has fjeen recovered which can be. 

The Congregational and Preshyterian Ministry and Churches of New Hampshire. 

By Henry A. Hazen. Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers. 1875. 8vo. 

pp. 73. 

The work before us, by a member of this society, is one of great lal>or. It is in 
two parts. In these the whole subject is presented under two dilTerent aspects, and 
is thus thoroughly compassed. 

In the first part the exhibition is made from the stand-point of the towns, which 
are taken in alphabetical order, with date of town ami church organization, suc- 
cession of ministers, &c. 


Booh I^otices, 227 

In the seo3nd part the names of the ministerg, about twelve hundred in number, 
are presented in alphabetical order ; with their places and dates ot birth ; their 
places of education, hoth coileire and seminary, with i,^raduatmi5 dates in each ; the 
time of their ordination ; the places of their ministry ; the dates of their death, if 
dead, and tiieir aijes at time ot decease. Few lists of this kind have ever beeu pre- 
pared with such exactness and care. The book is a small one, but the labor of mak- 
ing it was immensely great. Copies of this work may be had for one dollar by 
applying;: to Mr. C N. Uhapin, Congregational House, -Boston. The original price 
"was a dollar and a half. 

By the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D.y of ISewion^ Mass. 

Proceedings of the New England Methodist Historical Society at the second Annual 
Meeting, January 16, \S62. Boston : Society's Rooms, 36 Bromfield St. 1S82. 
8vo. pp. 32. 

The printed proceedings of this flourishing, though young, society at its first an- 
nual meeting was noticed in the Registkr for April, 1S81 (xsxv. 203). The 
pamphlet before us contains the proceedings at the second annual meetinir, with the 
reports of the board of directors, the corresponding secretary-, the librarian, the 
historiographer and the treasurer. The constitution and by-laws are appende<d. 
The prtsent membership consists of 168 resident. 42 corresponding, 1 life and 
1 honorary members. The report of the librarian, AYillard S. Allen, A.M., shows 
his efficienc3% the volumes having beeu increased during the last year to eight times 
the number in the library at its beginning, and the number of pamphlets having 
nearly trebled. There were in January last 43() volumes and 2,282 pamplilets. 

A Cruise along the Blockade. By Fraxe: B. Bltts. (Formerly Paymaster's 
Clerk United States Navy.) Providence: N. Bangs Williams & Co. J881. 
Fcp. 4to. pp. 37. Price 50 cents to non-subscribers. 

The twelfth number of the second series of " Personal Narratives of Events in the 
"War of the Rebellion,"' is now before us. This series of publicutions, which is de- 
voted to papers read before the Soldiers' and Sailors* Historical Society of Rhode 
Island, is [ueserving much matter which will be of service to the future historian 
of our late civil wiir. In the present issut', the author, 2\Ir. Butts, gives a livtly 
account of his experience with our blockading fleet on the Atlantic coast from 1863 
to the close of the war. 

The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia. Necrology for 1881. By 
Charles Uexry Hart, Historiographer. Philadelphia. 1882. Swo. pp. 19. 
This pamphlet contains the biograpliics of eight members of the Numismatic and 
Antiquarian Society, who died in the yeai 1881, namely. Col. Robert S. Swords, 
the Hon. William B. Lawrence, the Hon. John G. Palfrey, Mr. Joseph Sabin, Dr. 
Ferdinand Keller, the Rev. Dr. Eugene A. Vetromile, Dr. Samuel F. Haven, and 
the Rev, Dr. Edwm A. Dalrymple. The biographies are prepared with Mr, Hart's 
usual care and judgment. They are reprinted from the Proceedings of that Society 
for 1881. 

A Sketch of Charles Cowley. By D. A. Sullivan , Lfiwell : Printed for the Au- 
thor. 18S2, 18mo. pp, 59. 

Judge Cf.-wley, a prominent lawyer of Lowell, completed the fiftieth 3'ear of his 
age on the 9:h of January last. He received couirratulations on the occasi()n from 
his friends, among them Mr, D. A. Sullivan, connected with the Lowell Sun, who 

f)resented to him this sketch of his life. Judge Cowley's career as a journalist, a 
awyer, a naval judge advocate and an author, is narrated. Though primarily 
intended for private circulation, the author will furnish copies ot the pamphlet at 
25 cents each. 

History of the Uuhbell Family, containing a Gew^alngical Rfcord. By Walter 
UuiJBELL. Also Biographiciil Sketches, Deeds. Wili.^-, Inventories. Distribution 
of Estates, Military Commissions, Obituaries, and much Ancient Hi.-torical [n- 
formati(jn relating to the Family and Name. First Edition. New York : J, H. 
Hubljcll & Co., 407 and 400 Broadway, 18^1. 8vo, pp, xiv.-f-403. 

The Lihhy Family in America. 1G02-188L Prepared and Published by Charles 
T, LiuuY. Portlanil, .Me. : Printed by B. Thur-con vlt Co. 1882. 8vo. pp. 628. 
With blank Faindy Record appended". Price $5, or $5.24 by mail. Addresd 
Hoyt, Fogg & Donham, Portland. 

228 Booh J^odces. [April, 

The Eddy Family. Reunion at Providence to celebrate the Two Hundred arid Fifti- 
eth Anniversary of the Landing of John and Samuel Eddy at Plymouth, Oct. *29, 
1630. Boston, Mass. 18S1. ^bvo. pp. 265. 
Materials toward a Genealogy of the Emmerton Family. Compiled by James A. Em- 

MERTON, M.D. Privately Printed. Salem Pre^s. 1S81. 8vo. pp. 21d. 
Notes on the Ancestry of Maior \V/n. Roe Van Voorhis, of Fishhill, Duchess County, 
New York. By his Gi-andson, Elias W. Van Voorhis, of New Yorii City. For 
Private Distribution only. 1881. 8vo. pp, 239. 
A Genealogical Record of the Descendants of Moses Pengry of Jpswich, Mass.. so 
far as Ascertained. Collected and Arranged by William M. Pingrv. Ludlow, 
Vt. : Warner & Hyde, Bjok and Job Printers. 1881. 8vu. pp. IbB. 
Genealogy. Records of the Descendants of David Johnson of Leominster, Mass. 
Compiled by Kev. AVilliam \V. Johnson. Milwaukee: Printed by Godirey & 
Crandall. "l870. Svo. pp. 80+v. 
Concerning President Garfield's Ancestry. A Communication from the Rev. Ed- 
ward G. Porter. Read at the October Meeting of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society. Cambridge: John Wilson & :Son, University Press. 1881. 8vo. pp. 15. 
President Garfield's New England Ancestry. Read at the Annual Meeting of the 
American Antiquarian Society in Worcester, October 2\st. Is81. By Geokge F. 
Hoar. Worcester, Mass. : Press of Charles Hamilton. 1882. 8vo. pp. 16. 
Memorial of the Lives and Services of James Pitts and his Sons John, Samuel and 
Lendall, during the American Revolution. 1700-1780. With Genealogical and 
historical Apptndix. By Daniel Goodwin, Jr. Printed for Family and Private 
Use. Chicago : Culver, Page, Hayne & Co. February, 18S2. 8vo. pp. 63. 
Genealogy and Biographical Sketches of the Youngman Familij. By David YurNG- 
MAN. M.D., Boston, Mass. Boston : Press of George H. Eliis, lil Franklin iit. 
1882. Svo. pp. 26. 
The Humphrey Family of North Yarmouth, Maine. [ByJ Capt. James J. Hum- 
phrey. Old Times Olfice. Y'armouth, Maine. 1882. Svo. pp. 22. 
Ancestry of Capt. Ebtnezer Pope. Genealogical Notes. Elizabeth, M. J. Cook 

& Hali, Steam Printers. 1882. Svo. pp. 7. 
Genealogy of the Balkcom or Balcom Family of Attleboro\ Mass. Copied from 

Town and County Recurds, etc. Svo. pp. 12. 
Sketch of the Life and Times of Dr. David Ray. Boston': Printed for Private Cir- 
culation. 1881. bc[. 16mo. pp. 24. 
Paine Family Records. Edited by Henry D. Paine, M.D., 26 West 30th St., New 

York City. Published quarterly at ,$l a year. 
The Family of Puff'fr of Massachusetts. By W, S. Appleton. Boston : David 

Clapp & Sou. 18c;2. Svo. pp. 9. 
The Sahin Family of America. The Four Earliest Generations. By the Rev. An- 
son Titus, Jr.. NVeymouth, Mass. 1882. Svo. pp. 7+4. Price 25 cts. To be 
had of the author, South Wevuiouth, Mass. 
We Continue our quarterly list of genealogical publications. 

The voluuie on the Hab')ell itimily is devoted to the descendants of Richard Hub- 
bell, who died at Pequonnock, Ct..'Oct. 23, 1699, aged 71. The book gives first a 
historical account of tlie origin of the name and iaraily, followed by biogiaphic-al 
eketche.-s (if prominent individuals of the name, after which C(jmes the gentaloiry 
proper, being the record of ten gf-neiations. It closes with extracts fivjin records 
and miscellaneous matter concerning the Hubbells. It shows much research. The 
biographical sketches are interesting. They contain copies ot wills, letters, com- 
missions, and other documents illustrating the lives of the individuals, many of 
them bein:.c illustrated by portraits and autosz^aphs. The book is well printed and 
well indexed. The autlior is a native of Philadelphia, and a member of the dra- 
matic profession. 

The Libby Family is devoted to the descendants of John Libby, who was from 1635 
to 1639 in the employ of John Winter at Riehjiiond's Island, and afterwards >ettied 
at Black Point, now Scarborough, Maine. The author, who is now only in the 
twenty-first year ol his age, has been remarkably successful in tracing the numer- 
ous descendants of fiis emigrant ance'^t(jr and obtaining full and precipe deuiiis of 
their lives, during the coiisoaratively few years that he has been engaged in pre- 
paring this work. The work is clearly and Ojmpactly arranged, and the indexes 
are deserving of more than usual praise. There are lour of them, namely, of chrLst- 

1882.] Booh Notices, 229 

ian names, of surnames, of places, and of general matters. The index of christian 
names is particuhirly worthy ot" notice, as it gives tlie year of birth and the resi- 
dence of every person indexed, which will be a great saving of time to those who 
consult the book for particular persons. The ancestral reference-numbers at the 
head of the several families appear to be an invention of the author. Though this 
plan of referring to parentage and ancestry has probably advantages for some pur- 
poses, it does not appear to us so handy, for what is most often needed, as several 
others in use. Tlie work has evidently been a labor of love, and no })ains seem to 
have been spared in perfecting it. The author is content to bej^inthe family with 
his earliest known ancestor, and no attempt is made to attach him to any titled 
family in England. The book makes a handsome volume. There are twenty-seven 
portraits, many of them fine steel engravings, and others well-executed lieliotypes 
and litho;rraphs. 

The Eddy family held a reunion at Providence, R. I., on the 29th of last October, 
the quarter millenary anniversary of the arrival of their emigrant ancestors on these 
shores. Tl)e book before us contains the proceedini^s on that occasion, to which is 
appended a genealoLry of the family. The oration was by the Rev. Zachary Eddy, 
D.D.,of Detroit. It traced theoriginof the family, and glanced at the deeds of some 
of the most notable of the name. Addresses also w.-re delivered by others of the name 
or blood. The family is descended from William Eddye, A.M., vicar of St. Dunstan's 
Church, Cranbrook, Kent, England, a native of Bristol, and a graduate of Cam- 
bridge University. He was the father of John and Samuel Eddy, whose landing at 
Plymouth in 1630 was celebrated as above stated. The book is well printed, and is 
illustrated by tine steel and hdiutype p jrcraits and views, the irenealogical por- 
tion is by Robert Henry Eddv, of Boston, whose father, Caleb Eddy, commenced many 
years ago to collect materials f«»r a genealogy of this family. Since his death, the 
son has continued to make additions to tlie collection ; and has now embodied them 
in permanent form in the volume before us. We understand that an appendix is 
contemplated, which we hope will contain an index to the volume. 

Dr. Emuierton, to whose industry we are indebted for the next book on our list, is 
the author of the Silsbee genealogy, and was associated with Mr. Waters in com- 
piling the '• Gleanings from English Records about New England Families," both 
favorably noticed in the Register (xxxv. 407 ; xxxiv. 422).^ He has here given us 
the result of his investigations into the genealogy of his own family. He has evi- 
dently given much attention to the arrangement as well as to the collection of 
his matter ; and his explanation in the preface of his views on the former subject m 
worthy of study. The plan of the geneah^gy is based on that of Nathaniel Good- 
win, used in his 01cr>tt and Foote genealogies, which has been adopted by several 
Connecticut genealogists. The Rev. Mr. Vinton in his books improved this plan 
by indicating winch children were again mentioned as the heads of families, a 
great saving of time to the reader ; and by giving the line of ancestry at the head of 
each separate family as is done in the Register. Dr. Emmerton does not adopt the 
former improvement, but he does the latter, omitting, however, the numbers which 
indicate generations, and adding instead the consecutive numbers of the individuals 
in the line, thus enalding us to turn at once to the place of each ancestor in the se- 
ries. The author does not affix a number to tiie children of daughters as his pre- 
decessors have done. His ance-tral tablets, pp. I6o-202, and his index tablets, pp. 
209-10, are ingenious and useful. His index is full, and in one alphabet. The gene- 
alogical jxtrtion is interleaved for corrections and additions. A heliotype portrait 
of the author embellishes this handsomely printed book. We take pleasure in com- 
mending it to our readers. 

The emigrant ancestor of Major Van Voorbis, to whose genealoiry the next book 
is devoted, was " Steven Coorte of Vo')rhies, or Steven Koers, as written by himself, 
who emigrated to this country from Holland " in April, 1660, in the Spotted Cow, 
with his \\ile and seven children. He was '"a son of Coert Alberts of Voorhies, 
who resided in front of the villaire of i\i:QA or Hies, near the town Ruinen, in the 
province of Drenthe, in the Netherlands, the word " voor ' meaning in English, 
' before ' or ' in front of.' " The b.jok, though not intended to be a regular gene- 
alogy, contains much biographical and genealogical information concerning the 
family, in the collection of which much pains has evidently been taken. Fine por- 
tniits, views of buildings, gravestones and fac-similes of documents and signatures, 
embeili.-h the wurk and'ilkistrate its C(;ntents. A taljuiar pedigree gives the fami- 
lies descended from < 'oert .Alberts van \^yjv Hies, in the line of Major. Van Voorhis, 
to the author of this book. The work is an elegant specimen of typography. It is 
well indexed. 

230 Booh JSTolices. . ^ [April, 

The Pengry genenlo:^y is devoted to the descendants^ of Mo?es Pena:ry, who with 
his brother^Aaron early settled at Ipswich, Mass. Some of his de'^'^Midants now 
spell their name Piuirree : hut the author of this book, the Hon. \Villiam M>jrrill 
Pingry, A.M., of Perkinsville, Vt., ha.s not met with this spellinic before the 
year 1783. Mr. Pingry began seven years ago to collect materials lor thi.s ijenealo- 
gy ; and he has met with good success in gathering the records of his kindred in 
various parts of the union. An account of the descendants of Mtscs^ Pingree. a 
tresoyc of Moses, ^ by Daniel Pinirree. M.D., of Pin:j:ree Grove. III., is appended. 
The book is well compiled, and is embellished by several heliotype portraits. 

The Johnson genealogy gives the descendants o( David Johnson, who ah,»ut 1738 
married Mary Peters and settled at Leominster, Mass. The author of this book 
supposes him to be a son of Josiah^ Johnson, grands-in through William- of Ed- 
ward^ Johnson of NVoburn : but as there is no David in the family of this J'^siah 
in Poole's edition of the Wonder-Working Providence, p. cxlvi., we have doubts of 
this. Peters was an Andover family, and we should rather l0()k there for his ori- 
gin. Indeed, in Abbot's Andover, p. 35. we find Timothy^ Johnson, born about 
1631, who had a grandson David^ through Josiah," the supposed name of this Da- 
vid's father. The descendants of David appear to be fully traced. Some poems by 
the author, the Rev. William W. Johnson, of Grt-enfield, Milwaukee county, Wis- 
consin, are appended. The book has a satisfactory index. 

The two papers on the ancestry of President Garfield by Senator Hoar and the 
Rev. Mr. Porter, will interest many readers. President Garfield felt a deep inter- 
est in the history of his Massachusetts ancestors, and icwas primarily to gratify 
his curiosity, on an expected visit, durinu: the tour on which he had started when 
he received the fatal wound, that Mr. Uoar collected the facts embodied in his paper. 
Both his and Mr. Porter's papers give details never before published concerning 
the ancestry of the martyr president. Mr. Porter proves to our satisfaction that 
there was but one Edward Garfield among the settlers of Watertown ; and that 
Benjamin, the quintoye of the president, was a son of Edward Garfield who died 
June 14, 1672, '' aijjed abought 97,'' instead of being his grandson. The line of 
the president's ancestrn-s in the PtEcrsTER, xxxvi. 109, therefore needs correction. 
Both papers give autographs of his ancestors and views of their houses. 

_The next pamphlet, besides being an important contribution to the revolutionary 
history of our country, contains a genealogy of the descendants of James Pitts, a 
member of the Mas.sachu.setts provincial council, who with his three sons, named 
on the title-page of this work, rendered valuable service to their country in th-^ rev- 
olution, and in the troubles with the mother country which preceded it. Many 
facts and documents relatin:! to this subject are here preserved. The emigrant an- 
cestor of this family, John Pitts, a native of Lyme Regis, Dorset. England, and a 
son of Berwick Pitts of that parish, came to New England near the close of the sev 
enteenth century, and settled at Boston. He married Elizal)eth Lindall in 1697, 
and was father of James Pitts, the patriot, who married Elizabeth Bowdoin, sister 
of Gov. James Bowdoin. Ttie de.scendants of this family have proved themselves 
worthy of their ancestry. Tlie wife of Mr. Goodwin, the author, is a descendant in 
the fifth generation from the Hon. James Pitts. 

The Youngman genealogy is by the author of the article in the Register for Oc- 
tober, ISSO (xxxiv. 401), who has had the benefit of the article by "Slv. Brown in 
the number for January, 1881 (xxxv. 45), and has also made further researches of 
his own. 

The Humphrey family history was originally prepared for Capt. Corliss's masra- 
zine " Old Times," bat has been corrected, enlarged and reprinted from the paires 
of that periodical. The pamphlet gives a good account of the Humphrey family of 
North Yarmouth, Maine. 

The Pope pamphlet is by Frank L. Pope, of Elizabeth, N. J. It traces the 
ancestry of his grandfather, Capt. Ebenezer^ Pope, of Great Barrinirt(;n. Mass., to 
Thomas' (Seth,- John,^ Seth,"* Seth*) Pope of Plymouth, whose name first appears on 
the records there in 16.'] 1. Capt. Pope left a m^muscript irenealo^zy in In.s auto- 
graph commencing with his L'randf'ather's ctiildren, which Mr. Pooe, of Elizabeth, 
has been able by his researches to carry back to the emigrant ancestor. 

The Balcom pamphlet is by David Jillson, of Soutii Attleb>ro', Mass , the author 
of the Gillson or Jiilron Faiuily, and a valued contributor to the Rkgister. The 
family here recorded is descended from Alexander Lialkcom, who resi led at Provi- 
dence in the latter part of tiie .seventei'nth century. 

Dr. David Ray, whose lile is the subject of the next pamphlet, v/as born in Wren- 
tham, Mass., Sept. 7, 1742, and died at Otisfield, Me., Dec. I, 1822. This pam- 
phlet contains much concerning the early history of Otisfield. On the 125th anni- 




versary of Dr. Ray's birth, September 7, 1876, a meeting of his descendants was 
held at the old homestead in Otistield. An account ot" this meeting is here 
given, with a list of the descendants present, one of whom, Grintill Bl.ike llulden, 
of iNIilUton, Wisconsin, is the autlior of this pamphlet; and to another, John C 
Fernald, of Boston, Mass., the pamphlet is dedicated. 

Since oar last notice of the Paine Family Record (Register, xxxv. 108), ^ye have 
receive<l the numbers tor April, July and October, 1881, and January, 1*882, all 
filled with excellent matter. 

The next {vamphlet is a reprint, corrected and very muclfenlarged, of an article on 
the Puffer family which Mr Appleton contributed to the Regjstkr for July, 1863 
(xxii. 288-90). Like all the author's genealogies, this is carefully compiled. 

The Sal)in pamphlet is a reprint of the Rev. Mr. Titus's contribution to the Janu- 
ary Register, with a full copy of the will of William Sabin, the progenitor of the 
family, and other important additions. 


Champxey, George Mather, fell dead at 
the outer vestibule of the ^Voburn 
Public Library, January 4, 1882, aged 
59. lie was a srm of Benjamin and 
Rebecca (Brooks) C'hampney, of New 
Ipswich, N. IL, where he was born 
March 6, 1812. He was f )r many years 
in business at Boston, but since the 
completion of the Winn Library he 
has been its librarian, a position for 
which he was well fitted, 

Cobb, Jonathan Holmes, died at Ded- 
ham, Mass., March 12, 1582, aged 82. 
He was the oldest son of Jonathan^ 
(Nathan,* Nathan,^ Samuel,- Austin^) 
and k5ib!)el (Holmes) Cobb, and was 
born in Sharon, Mass., July 8, 1799. 
He graduated at H. C. 1819. He was 
town Clerk of Dedham twenty-eight 
years, and liegister of Probate for 
Norfolk County forty-five years. 

Dana, Hon. Richard Henry, LL D., died 
in Rome, Italy, Jan. 8, l^>^2, aL^ed 66. 
He was a son of Richard Henry'' Dana 
(Francis,'* Ricliard,^ Daniel,- Richard^ 
by his wife Ruth Charl.jtte Smith, 
and was born in Cambridge, August 1, 
1815, He was graduated at Harvard 
Colle2:e in 1837, and at its Law School 
in 1839, and was admitted to the bar 
in 1840. Mr. Dana was well known 
asone of the (jri;^inal free-soilers, and as 
one of tlie mo.-t active spirits in forming 
the free--oil party. He was a delegate 
to the Bulialo cjnvention of 1818, and 
a speaker in the republican movement 
of 1850-60. He was counsel for the 
defence in the several trials for the 
rescue of the slave Shadraeh in 1853, 
and was also engaged in the Anthoriy 
Burns case, 1854. In 1853 he was a 
Member of the Massachusetts consti- 

tutional convention, and from 1861 to 
1866 he was United States attorney 
for Massachusetts. He was the author 
of Two Years before the Mast, 1840 ; 
Ti'e Seaman's Friend. 1841 ; To Cuba 
and Back, 1859. He aNo edited Whea- 
ttm's Elements of international Law, 
1866, and Washington AUston's Lec- 
tures on Art, 1850. He contributed to 
the North, American Review, the Law 
Reporler, and American Law Review. 
He delivered at Lexington, April 19, 
1875, the oration on the one hundredth 
anniversary of the battle of Lexing- 
ton, which oration was printed in the 
Ri.GiSTEK, xsix. 367-80. He was also 
the author of many speeches on politi- 
cal and general topics. He was, 
through his father Richard H. Dana, 
the poet, a descendant of Mrs. Anne 
Bradstreet, the first American poetess. 
(See Register, viii. 318.) 

Gardiner, the Hon. Samuel B., " lOth 
L<jrd of the Manor of Gardiner's Isl- 
and," died at his residence in East- 
hampton, L.I., on Jan. 5, 1882, in the 
67th year of his age. 

Mr. Gardiner was descended from 
Lion Gardiner, who arrived in Boston 
in 1635. on his way to the mouth of 
tiie Connecticut River, in the Norsey 
Barque " Baclielor," of twenty-five 
tons, with his wife Mary, and Elizabeth 
Colet, their maid-.servant. During 
his stay in Boston the authorities took 
advantage of the opportunity of secur- 
ing his .'-erviccs in directing the com- 
pletion of the work on Fort Hill, Gar- 
diner having been a lieutenant under 
Fairfax and '* an engineer and master 
of W'^rks of fortification "' in the Lea- 
guers of the Prince of Orange. 




He also built the fort at Saybrook, 
and coiniiifinded it for four years. Af- 
ter completing: the terai of service 
with the Patentees Lords 6ay and 
Sele and Brook and others, he remov- 
ed to the isUind which he purchased 
of the Indians, by liim called the 
Isle of \Vio;ht, but since known as 
Gardiner's Island. This island, after- 
wards erected into a '' Lordship and 
Manor," has always descended to the 
eldest son, according to the law of pri- 

iiamuel B. Gardiner married his 
cousin Mary Gardiner, daughter of 
Jonathan Thompson, a distinguished 
merchant of New York, and for many 
years collector of customs for the 
port^ of New York. He left several 
children, and will be succeeded by his 
eldest son, David J, Gardiner, as llth 
proprietor in the ownership of the 
island. The property has been in the 
family 243 years. j. g. w. 

Gay, Willard, died in Norwood. Janua- 
ry 31, 1882. He was burn Jan. 3, 
1818, and was a son of Oliver and Ma- 
ry (Fisher) Gay. His descent from 
John Gav^ was through Samuel." Tim- 
othy,3 Timuthy,* Ichabod,* Oliver^ 
(his father), lie was postmaster of 
Norwuod from 18G1 until his death, 
and administered many estates. 

Green, 3Ii-s Sarah Ann, died at Newbu- 
ryport, Feb. 9. I882,a^ed68. She was 
born Nov. 19, 1813. After teaching 
private schools in Dover, N. IL, and 
Newbur^'port, she was, on the or- 
ganization in 1813 of tlie Female High 
School in Newburyport, chosen one of 
two assistants. Her connection with 
this school Continued until 1868, 
nearly the whole period of its separate 
existence, and this school v^'hich iiad a 
marked influence on frmale educati«;n 
in Newbury{jort, owed much of its 
success to her interest and efforts. 
About a thousand young ladies were 
under her instruction, many of them 
now mothers and some grandmothers. 
Since her retirement, as far as health 
permitted, she eni^nged in every <:ood 
work. She was sincere and truthful, 
never saying with the lips what was 
not in her heart. An obituary was 
printed in the Newburypurt Herald, 
Feb. 14, 1882. 

James, Dr. Thomas Potts, well known as a 
botanist, died at hi.s residence in (.'am- 
bridge, Mass., Feb. 22, 1^82, a^ed 78. 
He was a son of L'^aac^ (Griffith,' 
Evan*) James by his wife Henrietta.* 

(Thomas,=^ John,'^ Thomas^ Potts, 
and was born in Radnor, near Phila- 
delphia, Pa., Sept. 1, 1803. In tarly 
life h.e was prepared to enter Prince- 
ton College, but being P'revented by 
circumstances, he established himself 
in business in Pliihidelpliia. From 
youth he devvited his leisure to the 
study of cryptogamia, and at the time 
of his deatii was recognized as one of 
the two leaders in the scientific world 
in the knowk-dgo or mcv'^jes. 

On his retirement from mercantile 
pursuits he <1evoted himself to his sci- 
entific studies In 18()9 he removed to 
Cambridge, Mass., the f)rmer home of 
his wife, where l;e has since resided. 
When living in Philadelphia, he was 
for many years an ouicer in tfie Penn- 
sylvania Horticultural Society. He 
was the treasurer of tlie American 
Poraoloirical Society from its organiza- 
tion in 1818 till his resignation a year 
ago For a considerable time he was 
chairman of the committee of publi- 
cation of the American Philosopiiical 
Society, and was connected with other 
important societies. He was a devouc 
communicant in the Episcopal church. 
His uniformly gentle, courteous man- 
ner was very attractive, and thii>e who 
knew him will readily bear testimony 
to his admirable qualities of mind and 

He married Dec. 3, 1851, Mi^s Isa- 
bella, only surviving daughter of Sam- 
uel Batchelder, F-:q. (Register, sxsiii. 
367). His wife and -four children sur- 
vive. Mrs. James is the author ol' the 
"■ Potts Memorial,'' noticed in the 
Register for Aj)ril, 1874 (xxviii. 226). 
See Boston Eceninfj Transcript. Feb. 
27, Philadelpliia Public L^-jiger, March 
2, 1882, and the Pott's Memorial, page 

Marshall, Hon Nathaniel G., a mem- 
ber of the York county bar, died at 
York, xMe., Feb. 18. 1^82. aged 70. He 
was deejdy interested in antiquarian 
lore, was a member of the Maine His- 
torical Society, and. contributed iiisto- 

• rical matter to ne'W-inaf)ers, to tlie Reg- 
ister, and otiier periodicals. He was 
one of the most genial of men. 

Swan, ^Irs. Elizabeth Lawrence, died 
in Morristown, N. J., March 29, aged 
49 years, 9 months and 21 days, alter 
a loni^ illness. She was the \\ife of 
Dr. Charles Y. Swan, and onlydaugh- 

• ter of the late Dr. Joshua Gr-en, of 
Groton. Ma^sachusetts, and sisti-r of 
the Hon. Samuel A. Green, M.D., 
mayor of Boston. 

THE ^ 

HisTORiCxiLMD Genealogical 



VOL. XXXYI.— JULY, 1882. 





5G4 ""vVas/iingtox St. 




JULY, 1882. 


By James RixDQE Stanwood, of Boston. 

rpHE historical period at which we are to glance, embraces the 
X record of the early settlement of the Knickerbockers, descend- 
ing from that primitive time when the Province of New Nether- 
land flourished, where now stretch the great commonwealths of New 
York, New Jersey and Delaware.* It is illustrative of that inter- 
esting epoch, which commemorates a civilization that has now passed 
from among us ; of the peaceful days when the Dutch held rule over 
all that broad and fertile domain, which acknowledged the sway of 
the States General of Holland. 

The eventful tidings brought by Ilendrik Hudson of his discove- 
ries along the shores of America, greatly stimulated the maritime 
enterprise of the merchants of the Netherlands, who speedily sought 
and obtained legalized authority to trade with that region. This 
permission was granted by the States General (]March 27, 1G14), in 
an Octroy^ giving to the first discoverers '^ of any new courses, ha- 
vens, countries or places," by citizens of the United Netherlands, the 
exclusive right and privilege of making the first four voyages to such 
territory. At this period the United Provinces of Holland, their in- 
dependence achieved from the proud dominion of Spain, enjoyed a high 

• Van cler Donck, writing in l'>49 of New Netherland, says : " It is situate on the North 
side of America, in the latitude of thirty-eight and ono-haif degrees, or thereabouts. It is 
bounded on the North-east by Ne-.v England; on the South-west by English Virginia. The 
Coast extends mostly South-we>-t and North-east, and is sandy along-ide the Ocean. Tlia 
North-west region is "still partly unexplored. The South Bav'and South River, cilled hj 
many tlie second great river of New Netherland, lies in the latitude of Zb^ 1.5'. It has two 
lieigiits or capes, the North'irn, calleil Cape Mev, the Southern, Cape Cornells, and the 
Bay itself is .-ailed now Fort M v, now Godya Bay. In the t'e;ji;ining, before any men- 
tion \va> made of tin; English", after our people hadlirst discovered and explored the must 
Northerly Part of New Netherland, they erected an Escutcheon on Cape Cod, and took, 
possession. The Boundiiries, as we understand, e.\tead from thence to Cape Henlopen." 


234 The Province of yew yetherland, ['Tiily, 

degree of prosperity.* The leading cities, with their great wenltli rind 
commercial prestige, occupied influential rank in Europe, and assured 
to the youthful republic a prominent and respected position. The 
action of the States General was promptly availed of, therefore, by 
a number of the wealthy citizens of Amsterdam and Hoorn, who 
proceeded to despatch at once several vessels to the coast of Ameri- 
ca for purposes of discovery and trade. f 

Among the leading navigators who at that time visited our shores, 
tlie most prominent were Adriaen Block, Hendrik Christiaensen and 
Cornells Jacobsen Mey, who explored the region from Cape Cod to 
Cape Henlopen, and have left to our day their names impressed upon 
various points along that coast. J A few months after the passage 
of the Octroys the States General formally confirmed its action, by 
granting to The United JSFeio yetherlcnul Company^ as provided 
by that ordinance, the exclusive right to trade with the settlements 
along the coast of America fur a period of three years, on or before 
January 1, 1(315. Immediatelv thereafter, a building or block house 
was erected by Christiaensen for the use of the Company upon an 
island in the Pludson, just below the present Albany, to which was 
given the name of Fort Nassau, § and soon after a second trading 
post was built upon the lower end of ^lanhattan Island, which was 
the commencement of the subsequent settlement of New Amsterdam. 
The sources of trade with the Indian tribes skirting the coast proved 
abundant, and the returns remunerative to such a degree, that when, 
in 1618, tlie trading privilege of the New Netherland Company ex- 
pired, its exportation of valuable peltries from the country was very 

* The Seven Uniteil Provinces of Holland, orherwi?e st^icd the Northern Xethcrland?. 
dated their separate oriraiiization from the eelebrate<i compact formeil at Utrecht, in lo79, 
when the.v revolted from the rule of Philip the Second, of Spain, under the lead of Wil- 
liam the Silent. From that time until the revolution of 179t. they are to be considered as 
one nationality; e;ich province, hOAvever. was governed by its own laws, and held substan- 
tially the rights of a soverei<:n state, sendinir deputies to a general assembly at the Haizue, 
called the IStaies General, whkh was inve^t^d with supreme tea'islative power, and presided 
over by an executiv^i otHcer who was known as the Stadtholder. At this time Holland, or 
the Seven United Provinces, was compo-^ed of the divisions of Gelder, IloUand, Zealand, 
Utrecht, Friesland, Overyssel and Gro'e7iin(jen, together with the territory denominated the 
Country of Drent, and Dutch Brabant. 

t Among the tirst ves'^cls despatched for trading purposes to the Hudson, which the Dutch 
had already began to call the ^^auriiius, in honcjr of Prince Maurice, were the galleons Far- 
tune and Tiger, fitted out in 1612 by ilwee influential and enterprising merchants of Am- 
sterdam, Hans Honirers. Paulus Pelgrorn, and Lambreclit van Tweenhuy.^en, who entrust- 
ed theircommand to Hendrik Christiaensen and Adriaen Block, then ju-t returned from their 
joint voyage of discovery thither. Subsequently other merchants of Njrth HolUuid joined 
in the trade. The Tiger was accidentally burned while at Manhattan, in the fall of that 
year, whereupon Block set about building a small yacht out of the timber furni.>he<l by the 
forests. The vessel was named the Onmst (the itestless), and was launclied in the •spring 
of 1614, from the foot of what afterwards became Beaver L;ine. " This [)i )ncer craft," says 
De Laet the historian, " was 44;^ feet long, lU feet wide, and of alx)ut 16 tons burden." — 

X Block Island, at the mouth of Long Island Sound, derives its title from this persever- 
ing and indefatigable e.Kphjrcr, while the memory of Mey is perpetuated iu the cape which 
bears his name. 

ij" Fort Nassau," says Brodhead, " a trading house on Castle Island, on the west side 
of the river, was meant by rhe Dutch to combine the double purpose of a warehou-o and a 
military defence for the" rc.sid(-nt trader-. It was thirty-ix net ]ut.'j,\,\ r\stjiuy--i\ i'.i 
width," cnclon:d by a -torkade rifty-cii:lit tc t srniare, the whole surrounded liy'a moat 
eigljteeu feet in width. It was armed with two large guns and eleven swivcds or patercroes, 
and garrisoned by ten or twelve men. It was the lirst island »>clow Albany, and after 1630, 
was known as Van Rensselaer's or Patroon's Island." 

1882.] The Province of Xeic Xetherland. 235 

extensive, and it became importunate for a renewal of its franchise.* 
The prospect of obtaining this, liowever, was for a long time very 
doubtful, through reason of the reluctance of the States General to 
longer delegate to a corporation the substantial monopoly of atlairs in 
America, but at length the fierce Arminian controversy, which so 
violently agitated HoHand in 1618-1619, afforded the associated 
merchants an o})portunity to press their scheme with better chances 
of success. f 

The outcome of tliis celebrated ecclesiastical contention, resulting, 
as well known, in 1619, in the utter and complete overthrow of 
the Arminian element by the Calvinistic party, assisted very ma- 
terially the petition of the Belgian :j: merchants, as it involved the 
discomfiture and downfall of their most powerful opponent. He 
was John of Barneveld,§ the fearless advocate, the incorruptible 
patriot and statesman, the founder of the Dutch Republic. He ad- 
hered firmly to his advocacy of conservative political measures, as 
well as religious toleration, and at this period, as the liead of the 
party known by his name, was assailed by his enemies with the great- 
ert rancor. His unpopularity with the Belgian faction was greatly 
increased by his prominent identification with the Dutch East India 
Company, in whose behalf he strongly opposed granting a charter 
to a rival organization. These reasons, coml)ined with the ill-con- 
cealed hostility of the Stadtholder,j| who liated him bitterly, at length 
resulted in his arrest, protracted imprisonment, and final arraign- 

* Upon Jannan- 1, 1618, the Special Tradinir Licen-e granted in 1614 to Gerrit Jacob 
Wit.icn rui'l tv/elve other leadina merchants of the cities of Amsterdam and Hoorn, under 
the title uf tlie United New Netlierland Company, fur •• the exclusive ri-tht to trade with 
Hudson's Countrv," expired by limitation. It expressly forLade any other party from 
sailintt ont of tiie Provinces to that territory, within the time specitied, under pain of con- 
fiscation of ve-Sfl.- and car<roe>, and a fine of fifty thousand Xetnerland ducats to the bene- 
fit of the grantees of the chirter. It was a distinct act of sovereignty over the country be- 
tween New France (or Canada) and Virginia, which was called Xew Xetherland, a name 
which it continued to bear for nearly half a century. — O'Callaghan. 

t Tlie termination of tiie Spanish war and the ri-e of Arnuniani'^m. savs Mode]/, weie 
almost coutemj)oraneous. Party lines were sharply drawn by the Stadtholder and his foi- 
lower-i, who were opj-osed to the truce, and many bitter accusations made against tiiose 
who had favoixd i)eace, among which was the charge that they were in sympathy with the 
religious vitws formulated by Arminius, which were condemned as rank heresy \)\ the 
Calvini-t-. "There are two factions in the land," said Maurice, "that of Orange and 
that of Si)ain, and the two chiefs of the Spanish faction are those politiail and priestly Ar- 
minians, Uytcnbugaert and Oldenbarnevcld." 

* During the protracted struu'gle a;zainst Spanish persecution, made by the inhabitants of 
the Low Countries, Holland became the asylurn of a very large proportion of tlie promi- 
nent and wealthy traders of BeI_Mum. Thcyinfu^ed fresh and increased commercial strength 
into the country of their adoption, and acquired upon its soil trreat pre-n:;f^. To thc-e ex- 
iled Belgians belongs the origination of tlie plan for the foundation of the Dutch West India 

^ John of Barncvcld, Advocate of Holland, was the mo-t prominent figure of tlie States 
General, and the forcmoijt citizen of the Netherlands, a man who had no superic^r in >tate>- 
manship, in law, in the science of governnient. m intellectual foree and ability. Burti at 
Arner.sf'jort, in loir, of the ancient lujuse of Oldenbarneveldt, he had served his country 
strenuously from youth to old age, with an abiding force of duty, a st.adint^ss of pur[)0>e, 
a broad vi.^ion, a firm gra-p, and an opulence of resource, such as not one of hi-; eomi)atriots 
could even pi-erend to rival His history was virtually the history r)f the Dutch Republic, 
and witliijut hi"-: pre-iMiee and infiuMicc'the record of Holland, France, Spain, BritLun and 
Goruiany migiit have bc!! essentially nuy[\t\r<\."— Motley. 

(I Maurice, Prince of Orange, the son of William the Silent. He was an ambitious ^'cne- 
ral, and had acquitted himselt with great credit in the fierce struggle with Spain, just closed. 
He had opposed' the couelusioQ of the treaty of truce with that power, with all the strength 


The Province of Is'ew N'etherland, 


ment before the Synod of Dordtrecht,* wlilch pronounced hira 
guilty (May 13, 1619) of various acts inimical to the State, and 
sentenced him to the block. 

With the death of Barn^^veld, and the fliglit to voluntary exile in 
France of Hugo Grotius, his able and influential compeer, the pow- 
erful party which had followed his lead was temporarily disarmed, 
and its organized opposition to the charter asked for was suspended. 
Shortly thereafter, the persevering efforts of William Usselincx, 
united with the good offices of the Stadtholder before the States 
General, resulted in the grant of its franchise to the Dutch West 
India Company,! with the extraordinary privileges and immuni- 
ties asked for, and it was formally guaranteed the mercantile control 
of the American and African shores of the Atlantic. 

The Amsterdam Chamber,! to which had been assigned the inter- 
ests of Xew Netherland, proceeded to erect the territory into provin- 
cial dignity, and to initiate efforts towards 
its development. The Company's char- 
ter dated nominally from 1621, but it was 
not until two years later that it was con- 
firmed in legal corporate privileges. 
When, in 1623, all obstacles to its sway 
had been removed, it commenced in earn- 
est the attemj)t to colonize its new domin- 
ion, transporting many emigrants thither 
from France, Belgium and the German 
states, who sought the right of settlement 
under the liberal provisions of its charter. § The first arrivals were 

he could command, and upon its success arrayed himself at the head of the Orange party, 
and became Barneveld's irreatest enemv, notwith-tandini: the tact that he had owed his ele- 
vation to the otHce of Stadtholder laro-ely to the efforts of the Advocate. 

* The Synod of Dordtrecht convened at the Ilairue Nov. 13, 1618. and held one hundred 
and eighty ses>ions. It pronounced the Anninians "heretic>, schi;^matics, teachers of false 
doctrine," and declared them " incapable of tiilinj: any clerical or ac^idernical post." It fur- 
ther pronounced the Netherland Confession and Heidelburg Catechism to be infallible. — 

+ The charter esrablishing the Dutch West In<lia Company bears date June 3, 1621. The 
central power of this vast a>sociatioii wa<: dividL-d among five branches, or chami>cr«, estab- 
lished in the ditte'rent cities of the Netherlands, the managers of which were styled Lords 
Directors. Of these, of Am-terd:im was the principal, and to this was inirnsted the 
mana.irement of the affair'^ of New Netiierl Hid. Tlic remandiiir chambers were located re- 
spectively in the Meii-e, Noith Holland, Ze dand and Fri''-land. Ea'h of these ciiambers 
was u separate society, with mem'oL'rs, diiectois and vessels of its own. The combinid cap- 
ital of the Company was six millions of florins (about two and a half million dollars). 
Apart from the exelu>ive trade of Africa, from the tropic of Cancer to the Cape (jf Good 
Hope, and of the coast of America, frtjm the Straits of Magellan to the extreme north, the 
Company was authorized to erect fi^rts and flefences, to administer justice and pre-erve 
order, declare war and make peace, with the consent of the States General, and with their 
approharion, to appoint a governor or, and all other officers of the province. 
— O'Callarjlian. 

t At thi» period the Directors of the Amsterdam Chamber were Johannes de Laet (the his- 
torian) KilliaenVan Rens-elaer, Michael Paauw. Peter Eveitsen Hulft, Jonas Witsen, Hen- 
drik Haniel, Snmuel Godyn, and S imnel Hiommaert. The States General granted it a 
.«eal in 1623, with the armorial distinction-- of a Count. The seal was a shi'-ld i)earing a 
Beaver proper, suriiiounted by a Count's coronet, with the leu'''nd Sujillum Xori Bflrjii. 

^ Despite tilt; vehement f)rute.-,ts (jf Enijland's minister at the Hairue, agamst " any fur- 
ther settlements or occup;iti(jns by the Duteh on Hudson's River," the West India Compa- 
ny proceeded to transport colonizes thither freciy. The tirst comers were thirty families of 

1882.] The Province of Xeio XetJierland. 237 

Walloons, or French Protestants from the borders of Belgium, the 
majority of whom settled on Long Island. A few, however, ascend- 
ed the Hudson, and in 1623, upon the western bank of that stream, 
founded a trading settlement, to which, in honor of the Stadtholder, 
Prince Maurice, they gave the name of Fort Orange. This year 
may be considered to have been the first of actual colonization in the 
Province, the traders who had up to that time journeyed thither, hav- 
ing moved from place to place in their trathc with the Indians, and 
remained only temporarily in the settlement. 

Peter Minuit,* the first Governor General appointed by the West 
India Company to represent its authority, arrived at ^Manhattan in 
1626, and at once assumed the duties of his position. Until he 
came, the powers of government had been vested in a subordinate 
officer known as Director, of whom Adriaen Joris was the first, Cor- 
nells Jacobsen Mey the second, and AVilliam Yerhulst (^Minuit's 
immediate predecessor) the third. The province prospered greatly 
under his vii^orous and eneriretic control, t and the commercial im- 
portance of which it gave abundant promise might have lavishly re- 
paid the Company for the large outlay which had been necessary in 
its behalf, had not that corporation been subsequently most unfor- 
tunate in the policy it elected to pursue, through legislation which 
proved detrimental and embarrassing to the interests of the fertile 
dependency intrusted to its care. J 

In 1629 an act was passed by the West India Company, under 
the title of " Freedoms and Exemptions granted to all such as shall 
found Colonies in Xew Xetherland." It provided that any member 
of the Company who should colonize fifty adult persons within the 
period of four years, in any part of the province, should hold the 
title of Patroon,^ and enjoy the privilege of selecting any tract of 

'Walloons, inhabitants of the frontier between France and Belgium, extending from the 
Scheld to the river Lvii, many of which people, as they profe^^ed the reformed faith, liad 
sought asylum in Holland from the persecutions of Spain. Part of these colonists settled 
on Long Island, at the Waal-boght, or Walloons Bay, while the remainder founded Fort 

* Prtcr Minnif,of Wesel. in the Kingdom of Westphalia, arrived at Manhattan May 4, 
1626. " The name of Governor Minuit," .•«ays Valentine, " is furever identified with "the 
province, throuiih his purchase (May 6, 1626), of the entire i.-land of }»Ianhattan, now New 
York citv, covering an estimated area of twenty-two tliou.-and acres, for a che.-tful uf beads 
and trinkets given to the ImJians, of about the'vanie of sixty guilders, or twenty-four dol- 
lars. Henceforth the title Itecame vested in the West India Company." 

t The imports into New Nerhcrland in 1624 amounted to .S'I0,6o4, and the exports, sole-- 
ly of skins and fur-, to about. *ll,0'Ki. while seven years later (in 1631) the imports had risen 
to §"23,000, and tlie export> to 827.204. " It is computed," says Valentine, •* that the 
slothful and loose administration of Van Twiller caused a great unnecessary expense to the 
Company, the expenses of the proviiice between 1626 and 1644, over and above the returns 
received therefrom, aggreirating over .S200,00J." 

t The introduetion of the feudal system into New Netherland, through the famous cIvat- 
ter of ^^ Freedoms and Exemptiofis," granted June 7, 1629, was mo^t unfortunate for the 
future of the Company. The lands selected for each e>tate " might extend sixteen \m\v< in 
length, if confined to one side of a navigaijle river, or eiuht miles on each side, and might 
run as far into the country a- the situation of the occiipie-rs will perndt." Each patroon was 
promised "a full title l)y iidieritance, with the riudit to di-poseot lii- estate l<y will." In case 
any patroon *' should in tmu; pro-per so miicli a- to fuund one or Uiore eine.~," lie was 
** to have power and authority to e.-tabli?h officers and magistrate^ there." — JJ/odhead. 

§ The Patroons of New Netherland were Samuel Go<lyn and Samuel Pdommaert, of 
Stcanandael, Killiaen Van Reu'-selacr, oi liensselaersicyck, Michael Faauw, of Fatonia, Myu- 
VOL. XXXVI. 21* 


The Province of JS'eio J^etherland, 


land, whicli he mirrlit desire, except on ]\Ianliattan Island, not, how- 
ever, to exceed sixteen miles in length. Under this remarkable 
charter, the first Patroon estate was purchased from the Indians by 
Samuel Godyn and Samuel Blommaert* in June of that year, ex- 
tending along the South (now the Delaware) river. In April, 1G30, 
Killiaen Van RensseLaer,f a wealthy merchant of Amsterdam, and 
Director in the Company, purchased an extensive tract of country 
surrounding Fort Orange, which he proceeded to colonize, and 
gave the name of Rensselrterswych. It is to the efforts of tiiis pa- 
troon that is due the settlement of tlie learned and worthy Dominie 
Johannes ^Megapolensis, the first minister of the Reformed Protest- 
ant Dutch Church of Fort Orange. The call asking for the ser- 
vices of this divine in xVmerica is signed by the president and scribe 
s^j,.^^ of the Classis of Amsterdam, in Classical 

Assembly at that city, March 22, 1642. It 
states that '' by tlie state of navigation in the 
East and West Indies, a door is opened, 
^'''t^?{-^'Hrirl:"-'^'\ through the special providence of God, also 
0^-%^'^-t^'^hv^^^-'^ in New Netherland, for the preaching of the 
©'ivl ??^-5^^^^Ci^ GosiK'l of Jesus Christ, for the Salvation of 
^M^m^m^ nien." 

This ancient parish, a cut of whose third edifice, formerly stand- 
ing upon a site now indicated by the junction of the present Broad- 
way and State Street, in Albany, then known respectively as Han- 
deleter and Yonher, we have printed in the 
margin, is yet in vigorous existence, occupy- 
ing the structure known as the North Dutch 
Church in that city. We also are fortunately 
enabled to give a fac-simile of the seal of the 
early church of Fort Orange, around which 
cluster so manv interestinsr historical associa- 


tions. It is still in use, the quaint device in- 
scribed upon it remaining unchanged, while 

the Society's present corporate title is The Reformed Protestant 

Dutch Church, in the Citij of Alb any. X 

dert Myndertsen Van Keren, of Adder Col to Tapaan, Cornells Melyn, of Staaten Island^ 
Adriaen Van der Donck, (jf Colendonck, Heneirik Van der Capelle,of One Third of Staaten 
Inland, Cornells Van Wercklioven, oi Xezesinck and Tapaan. City of Amsterdam, oi South 
River. — Xero Setherland Register. 

* The patroon estate of Godyn and Blommaert consi>te<l of a tract of land on " the south 
corner of the Bay of South River, extendinfj northward about thirty-two miles from Cape 
Henlopcn to the moutli of the said river, and iulund about two miles m breadth, bein^,' knowa 
as Swanandad. — Brodhead. 

t The estate pureha.-ed for Killiaen Van Rensselaer, by Sebastian Jansen Krol, consi-ted 
of "a tract of land on the wot side of the N(jrtlj, or Hud-on'- River, exrendin:,' northward 
from Beeren Inland (now Birreri l.-land, 12 miles soutli of Alljany) to Cahoos, ar)d stretch- 
ing two days journey into the interior." It embraced in all nearly three quarters of a mil- 
lion afrc', anl wa-^ known as R.-nisrhiprsiojck. Ir coiuaitied xlv entire territurv comprised 
in tii<' i>n — -lit fo-iMtj'.'- of VibiMv-. ('oiiun!),a and Ucn.-^elacr. Killiaen Van Rcns>elaer, its 
first ir)nrn>on,die<l in li,\rj.—Jho>//u-a'l. 

t 'Ihi^ vi.'ui'rable or;; ini/.arion, t'>r an imprint of wdioso unique seal the author is indebted 
to the C(.iirtc-v of Jo-«iih W. Rii>-rli, Esq., of Ali»any. one of the trustees of the ancient 

Sari>li, date- it^ luiin !ation fruni a v.ry early period. Its (ir-c re:,'ular pastor was Dominie 
legapolcnsis, settled iii Au^'u^t, IGIJ, and who served until 1650. 

188:i.] The Province of jSFew JSTetherland, 239 

A long period of time elapsed, following the recall of the sagacious 
Mlnuit to Holland in 1G32, during which Van Twiller, Kieft and 
Stuyvcsant successively held, with varying fortune, administrative 
swfkj over the })rovince. But a crisis was at hand in the affairs of 
New Xetherland, which was destined to work an eventful change in 
the future of the promising colony. In KJ5S came the death of 
Qromwell, succeeded by the downfall of the Commonwealth, and the 
restoration of the line of Stuart to the English throne signalized the 
adoption of an aggressive policy towards the Dutch settlements in 

King Charles the Second, heedless of existing treaties, saw in the 
flourishuig settlement only a coveted opportunity to increase his rev- 
enues, by annexation to the dominions of the Crown, and needed not 
the representations made by several of his loyal subjects, to resolve 
to possess himself of the fertile plantations along the shores of the 
Hudson.* He accordingly authorized (March 12, 1664), by royal 
patent, the grant to his ^' trusty and well-beloved James, Duke of 
York and Al!>any, all that inland or islands conmionly called by the 
several name or names of J/«^o?6"«cZ:5, or Long Island, situate, lying 
and being towards the West of Cape Cod and the narrow Iligan- 

" The tirst cliurch was built near the fort, in what is now called Church Street," says the 
Rev. Dr. E. P. Kogcrs, pastor of its lineal tiescendant, the North Dutch Chureii, in lSo7. 
It was a pl.dn wooden building, thirry-tbnr feet long by nineteen wide, furnished with a 
pnlpit ornamented with a canopy, pews for the magistrates and church olttcers, and nine 
benches for tlie people. Here services were conducted until 16-36, when the corner-stone of 
anoilier and more commodious building was erected upon a site now the junction of State 
Street and Broadway, for which an o.iken pulpit and a bell were specially imported from 
Holland, tiie former of which i> still pve-erved in the North Dutch Church in Albany. 
Some sixty years later, in the pastorate ot the Domiine Petrus Van Driessen. a new building 
was put up, being built around the old church, wliich was taken down by degrees, as the 
walls of the later structure were raided. It was built of stone, with a sleep pyramidal 
roof, and a l^elfiy surmonuted by a weathercock. Each of it.-> windows contained the coat 
of arm> (d" some onj of tiie families of the congregation, stained upon the several panes. 
On the we-t ^ide were the seats occuj)icd by tlie governor and the m igi-trates of the city, 
while ui)on the right and left of the [xiipit, were the members of the consi-tory. The seats in 
the body of the hou'-e were occupied bv tlie females, while the prominent burghers and heads 
of families s It upon the seats around the wall', and the galleries were reserved for the 
younger male members of the congregation. In front of the desk of the pulpit was placed 
the hour-gla>-r. It was ihc cu.«toiu lor tlie mini-ter to enter during the singing, and before 
ascending to the pul[)it to stand a moment at the foot of the stairs in silent prayer. The 
chnrch dissolved its eccle.-ia>ticai connection with the rdi-ious courts of Holland in the 
pastorate of Dominie Lilardus We.-terlo, in 1772. The religious services were continued 
in the Dutch languaixe until 178-, when they were u-ed in English The old stone 
church stood till 18J5. when its ^ite was sold to tlie corporation of Albany, and in the 
spring of LSOG the building was taken down." 

* It so happened that tiiree persons had just before this time come over to London, who 
were admirably qualiiied to stimulate English animosirv airainst the Dutch colonists in 
America. These persons were J(jlin Scott and George Baxter, who cherished no '• good 
opinion of the law" under which they had smarted in New Netnerland, and Samuel Mave- 
rick, a zealous E[iiscopi!ian, who had formerly lived in tribulation in Mas-aehusetts. All 
three made ze.dous professions of loyalty. The result of the.>e witnesses' labors was to sat- 
isfy Lord Clarendon, already intluenced by the anruments of Sir George D«jwning, the 
English envoy at the Ha:.'ue. that New Nctherland l^ehnigi-d to the Kinir, and that it had 
been *' only u>urped " by tiie Dutch, who had " no coh^r (jf right to pretend to its i)osses- 
sion. The" t-hance-llor's oi)inion, although niterlv incou>i-teiil with truth and reason, wa3 
conclusive. Yet Charle.-j and his mini-ters were for some time perplexed whether they 
should view the Dutch " intruders " as subjects or aliens. At the risk of war it wa- resolved 
that the principle announced liy Queen Elizabeth and allirmcd Ijy Parliament in 1621, 
should be repudiated and reversed, and New Nctherland seized at all hazards." — Brod- 

240 The Provhice of yeic Netherland, [July, 

setts^ abutting upon the mainland bet\yeen the two rivers there called 
or known by the several names of Connecticut and Hudson's Kiver, 
together also with the said River called Hudson's, and all the laud 
from the West side of Connecticut to the East Side of Delaware Bay, 
and also all those several islands called or known by the names of 
Martin's Yinyard^ and J^^a/itukes, otherwise Xantuckett.'"* 

Preparations were speedily made to substantiate the Duke's claim 
to the territory thus granted, and in the last days of August, 10(54, 
an English squadron cast anchor off Coney Island, f bearing sum- 
mons to StuyvesantJ to surrender his authority to Richard XicoUs, 
duly commissioned as the first English governor. The indomitable 
Director-General proudly spurned the demand, and determined to 
defend the Company's possessions to the last, but the odds against 
him were too heavy, § and finally, realizing the hopelessness of success- 
ful resistance, w-as persuaded by his Council to avoid useless slaugh^ 
ter|| and avail himself of the liberal terms ofiered. Upon the morn- 
ing of Sept. G, the white flag of parley was displayed from the walls of 

* The inland boundary most consistent with this description was " a linefrom the head 
of Connecticut river to the source of Hud;on's river, thence to the lieadof the Mohawk, 
branch ot Hudson's river, and tiieuce to the east side of Delaware Bay." The grant was 
intended to include all t!ie land which the Dutch held there. — Broclhead. 

t By the orders of the King, an expedition was speedily titted out against New Nether- 
land, con?i>tinir of the Guinea, 36 guns, the Elias, of 30 guns, the Martin, of IG guns, and 
the transport William and yicholas, of 10 guns. The tleet, conveying four hundred and 
fifty troops of the line, set sail from Portsmouth for America on May 25, 1664. — O' Callaghan. 

+ Petrus Stuy vesaut, a native of Frieshind. had formerly licen Director of the Cun^.any's 
colony at Cura'coa, and received later (July 28, 1646) the appointment of Governor General 
of the Province of New Netherland. assuming the office May 11, 1647. He was brave and 
enei-getic, and the man of all others best calculated to retrieve the fortunes of tlie colony. 
But he was. also haughty and imf.erious, and his despotic love of power soon weakened the 
affection with which he was regarded on his tirst arrival. With all his faults, however, he 
was the man for the times, and his lirm and vigorous rule contrasts favorably with the ill- 
judged and capricious conduct of his predecessor. Although loyal to the Company until its 
dominion ended over the province, he was at heart attached to the interests of the people, 
with whom he identitied himself, after tiie forced surrender of the city, i;y taking un his 
residence among them as a jn-ivate citizen, dying in August, 1G71, and being buried in his 
family tom!), under a church whose site is now occupiecT by the parish of St. 3Iark, in New 
York city.— 5ooi;/i. 

^ Although there were at this time fifteen hundred souls in New Amsterdam, there were 
not more than two hundred and fifty men able to bear arms, besides the one huudred and 
fifty regular soldiers. The city, entirely open along both rivers, was shut on the noitiiern 
side by a brea.-twork and ptlisades, which, though sutficient to keep out the savages, atlord- 
ed no defence against a military sie::e. A council of war hud reported Fort Amsterdam un- 
tenable, for though it mounted twenty-four guns, its sin:j:le wall of earth, not mure thaa 
ten feet high and four thick, was almost touched by the private dwellings clustered around, 
and was commanded, within a {/istol shot, by hills on the north, whilelhere were scarcely 
six hundred pounds of serviceable powder in store. — Brodhead. 

II The twenty-four articles of capitulation declared all the inhabitants of New Netherland 
to be " free denizens," and secured to them their property. Any persons " might come 
from Holland and plant in this country," while " Dutch vessels may freely come thither, 
and any of the Dutch may freely return home, or send any sort of merchandize home, in 
vessels of their own country. All the Dutch are to enjoy tiie lil)erty of their cotiscieiices in 
divine worship and church di'^cijjline, as well as their own customs concerning their inher- 
itances," wiiiie " the town of Manhattan might choose deputi<-s witli free voices in all pub- 
lic atfaira." Owners of houses in Fort Orange were " to enjoy their property as all people 
do where there is no fort." The article- were to be signed '• ateight o'clock upon the morn- 
ing of .-^eiJteinber 8, at the old mill." (Thi> mill,' says Valentine, was on the shore of 
the Ea-t River, nc;ir the X'<j<ji of what is no\v known asllooscvelt Street.) " The f ^rt and 
town calle.l New Amsterdam, upon the isle of Manliattoes, were to be surrendered, the 
troops to march out with their arms, drums beating, colors flying, and lighted matches." 

1882.] The Province of Xeio jSfetherland, 241 

Fort Amsterdam,* while a few hours later, at the bouicerie of Stuy- 
vesant, were signed the articles of capitulation, by virtue of which, 
New Xetherland passed into English hands, receiving, in honor of the 
Duke, the title of y^ew York. Tlie fortification of Fort Orange 
and the town of Beverwyck surrendered upon the 24:th of the same 
month, and the settlement changed its name to that of Albany, the 
Duke's Scotch title. The change of rulers was regarded by the in- 
habitants of the province with comparative indifference, from the 
fact that the government of the Company had become irksome and 
annoying, through its arbitrary exactions and monopoly of the most 
valuable sources of trade. They were additionally reconciled to the 
Englisii supremacy by the action of Deputy Governor Nicolls, who 
declared the estates of the Dutch West India Company confiscated, 
and had them sold at public vendue. 

The Company's dominion was destined, however, to be tempora- 
rily renewed a few years later, when in 1G72 England declared war 
against Holland. Upon August (3, 1673, nine years after the capit- 
ulation, a Dutch fleet entered the harbor, and lying off Staten 
Island, the redoubtable Evertsenf and Benckes demanded the capitu- 
lation of Fort James, formerly Fort Amsterdam, which had been 
given the name of the new grantee, j; The English commandant, 
taken unawares, and being unprovided with adequate means of de- 
fence, hauled down his flag and surrendered, and once again the 
tri-color of the Netherlands waved above their early province. The 
name of ^q\y York gave place for a time to that of J^ew Orange, 
and that of Albany to Willemstadt, while Anthony Colve assumed 
the duties of governor, in behalf of the Dutch West India Company. 
It was a fleeting triumph only, and the renewed supremacy of Hol- 
land was limited to a short period, for with the signature of the 
Peace of Westminster, in the following year, the settlement was for- 
mally restored to English control, and the authority of the Dutch 
over the colony they had founded faded away. 

* The site of Fort Amsterdam was the space enclosed by the streets now called State, 
Bridge, Wliiteiiall and Bowling Green, in New York city. 

t Admiial Evert.-en was the son (if the famous Admiral Cornells Evcrtsen, and one 
of the most efficient otfkcrs who sailed under the colors of the Dutch Republic. 

X The folltiwinir is the text of the surnmr)ns served upon Manning, the English command- 
ant of Fort James, defending the town of New York, in ir;73, which we quote from Valen- 
tine : "Sir: The force of war now lying in your sight, is sent by the Hiizh and Mighty 
§tate«, and Ills Serene Highness the Prince of Orange, for the purpose of destroying their 
enemies. W'e have s^ent you therefore this letter, together with our trumpeter, to tiie end 
that upon sight thereof you surrender to us the Fort called James, promising good (quarter; 
or by your refusal we shall be obliged to proceed both by land and water in such manner 
as we shall find to be mo-t advantageous for the High a'nd Mighty States. Dated in the 
Ship Sicanenburg, anchored between Staaten and Long Island ye 9'*^ Augt (July 30, 0. S.), 
1673. Cornelis Evertse. Jacob Benckes." 

242 Ancestry of the Late Jacob Wendell. [July, 


By James Rindoe Stakwood, of Boston." 

EVERT JANSEN^ WENDEL,t the first ancestor of that name wlio 
came to these shores, was born in the year 1615.$ in the city of Emb- 
den,§ East Frieslaud (now Hanover), upon the confines of the United Pro- 
vinces of Holland, emigrating thence in 1640 to New Netherhxnd, in Amer- 
ica, under the Dutch West India Company. He was resident at New 

Sf^ev.*<W^£^^t^ (y,^^ 

Amsterdam, on the island of Manhattan (the present site of the city r\ 

of New York), for nearly five years subsequent to his arrivaL|| at the k 

end of that time removing to the growing settlement upon the Mauri- '^ 

tins (as the Dutch called the Hudson), which had risen around the early 
trading post of Fort Orange.^ The exceptional facilities for trafiic with 

* For important assistance in many details relative to this sketch, the author ex- i' 

presses his great indebtedness to Professor Jonathan Pearson, of Union Colleg'e, who \. ■■ 

personally, as well as through his invaluable published worlvs of exhaustive genealogical 
research among the early records of the first settlers of Albany and vicinity, has aided ma- 
terially its accomplishment. , 

t " The Earldom of Embdane," says Jodocus Hondiiis, in an old London work of emi- j' 

Dence, of the print of 163o, '* is so called from the chietTe Cittie thereof, and now it is called 
East Friesland, because it confineth on Friesland. For the Fneslanders did not heretofore e 

possess it, but the Chaucians, of which Plinny and Ptolemie make two sorts, the greater 
and the lesser, so called in regard of their strength. The greater are those that do inhabit 
the Bishopricke of Breyyies, the les«er are tbe Embdayiians and Oldenburgians. The Em- 
perour Fredericke the third, Aano UGo, when this province was governed by divers PraB- J', 

fects, did make it a Coimtie (Earldom), and gave it to one Vdalrich. Afterward it had 
Earles continually, even untiil our Time. 'Ihere are two WaUed Citties m tliat Conntie, 
Embda and Arichum. Embda, or Embdena, commonly called Embden. is the chietfe Citric 
of this Counirie, and a famous Mart Towne, seated by the mouth of the Pi.iver Amisis, 
having a Convenient Haven, ihQ Channell whereof is so deepe that great shi])S may come 
in under sayle, so that for wealth, for the publicke and private buidin^'-, and tor the Mul- 
titude of Cittizens, it is knijwn, not onelyin Germanic, but also in All Part- of Europe. One 
of the chietfest Ornaments is the Earle's sumptuous Pabace. the great Church, and the i 

Piaetor's house. Heere is wonderfull Plenty of All Thing-, both for Necessity and Plea- »• 

sure, which the Haven and the Convenience of importation of Goods, and also the natural ^ 

fertility of Friesland doth yeeld. The Cittie is so called from the River Ems, which Taci- 
tus calleth Amisia, which divides East from We-t Fric-land." 

X The use of patronymics was common among the Dutch, the father's name being 
annexed to that of the son or daughter, with the terminations se or sen, used indiscrimin- 
ately. Thu>, for instance, the name of iii-eri /a;i5e JTenrfe/, Anglicised, means £fer^ Wen- 
del, son of Jan (equivalent to Johannes, or John). 

$ It is to be understood by the reader that all dates mentioned in this sketch previous to 
1751, are Old Style. 

II in 1612 invert Janse "Wendel lived on Beaver Lane, in New Amsterdam, betweeti the 
Brebdiceg (Broadway) ninl Hnigh intrant (Broad Street). ^ 

•I The site of the tiading-po-t, or block house, of Fort Orange, was on the riverside V'C- 
tween Denniston and Lydius Streets, in the present city of Albany. The settlement of Be- 
ver-wyck (or Beaver-town), which at tir^t clustered closely around it, was afterward, in 
Governor Stuy vesant's time, changed further to the ^ox\.\x.—Brodhead. 


Ancestry of the Late Jacob Wendell. 




d. uum. 



Maykex Van Nes. 

bapt. IGi: 

3!aR1TI£ JILLYj 


m. July 3, 159C. 

Abraham ^taets, Jr. 

of CJaverack, 

I Mari 

mj June 

Ja>- JoUaxn)- 

of Alt 

Katarixa De Kk\\=: Abraham. 
, Dec. Z7, 1078. 

Sept. 28. 17;J4. 

Jacobus Davidtsi". Sc.hi 

Elizabeth QLiNov=John=:\lERCY Skinxek. Elizabeth, 

j bapt. bapt. Au!?. 20. 1701 

May 2, m. .April 15, 172.5, 

1703; Ql'ixcv. 
d. Dec. 15, 1762. 

bapt. .March 3, 1706; 
Jane Phillips. 

Helenli De J 
bapt. Seipt. 21 


b. Nov. 2.3, 1725. 



b. Sept. >'3, 1727; 

rl. nnra. 


b. Oct. 16, 1729; 


Solomon Davis. 

.Sarah VVkntwouth ^John=DoKOTHY 
b. i 
! April 
! 29, 
I 180S. 

I .1 ! ! i 

Sarah Wentworth, Elizabeth, John, Daniel Wentworth, Edmund, 

b. Oct. 5, 1754; b. Oct. 11. 1755; b. Oct. 25, 1757; b. Feb. 15, 17tX>; b. July 15, 17G2; b. 

m. d. July 16, 175G. d. Aug. 15, i79y. d. Jan. 27, 17ftO. d. .May 14, 176:j. 
Edward Saboent. 

Dorothy ."'^hi-rburne. 
b. Ffb. Jl, 17-^3; 
ni. Auo:. 7, In)'-'; 
Ski-ben Shapley Kwha 


nril y 

\:. :' '. Mark I{o::f-r^, 
b. June Is, lbl7; 
r.\THAKivK (Gates) Thaxtkr. 

.\[*!u-fahel Itin ige, 

b. June-'-.O, 18)8; 

d. Oct 3, 1^47. 



(■art)line Quimry 

b. Dec. 24. \SM; 

inherit«'d the 

hoinf'.'»t«nid in 


1882.1 Ancestry of the Late Jacob Wendell, 243 

the Indians inhabiting the great tract of forest country extending thence 
far into the interior, made this place, the commercial centre of tlie great 
Patroon estate of Rensselaersicyck. a most attractive location for such set- 
tlers in the new province as came thither for the purposes of trade, 
rather than with agricultural intent, although great encouragement was 
also offered to this interest through the ettbrts of the patroon.* Here 
Wendel settled, and obtained the requisite license to deal with the Indiansf 
in beavers and peltries, his first habitation being evidently one of the few 
houses gathered closely under the guns of Fort Orange.^: These first dwell- 
in<Ts, constituting the earlier portion of the settlement, were removed by or- 
der of Governor Petrus Stuyvesant in 1G52, when he claimed all laud with- 
in " two hundred and fifty Khynlaud rods "§ of the fort, as the property of 
the Dutch West India Company. 

Due compensation, however, to the owners of the confiscated property 
was not omitted, as new patents of land were thereupon granted them upon 
the site of the later settlement, where now stands the city of Albany. From 
the records of that city, we ascertain that the grant to AVendel at that 
tiino by the worthy governor consisted of " a certain lotte of grounde situ- 
ate lying and being on y^ South side of y^ Citty, on y® East side of y^ Hill, 
abutting to y^ North of y^ Land and Orchard belonging to Isaac Casperse." 
It is stated by Professor Pearson that his residence was at a later 
period in a house situated at the corner of James and State (then 
Yonker) Streets, in Albany, at or about He lived in the town 
during a long period of years, closed by his death in 1700, at an ad- 
vanced age, and was, we believe, buried under the old church then stand- 
ing at the junction of Tonker and. Handelaer Straats (the present State 
Street and Broadway) in Albany. It was his fortune to fill various otfices 
of trust and station in the settlement, among which were the positions 
of Regerenden Dijaken of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, in 1G56, 
and Magistrate of Fort Orange in 1660-61. 

Evert Janse^ Wendel was married (July 31, 1644) by the Dominie 
Everhardus Bogardus, in the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church at New 
Amsterdam, to Susanna, the third daughter of Philip Du Trieux,?i "• Mar- 
fhal of New Netherlands'' and his wife Susanna, of SniiCs Valley, in New 

• Killiaen Van Rensselaer, the first patroon, judiciously applied his lar^e resources in this 
direction. He caused a numlKT of farms to be set off on both sides of the river, on which 
he cau'-ed dwtilinir-houses, barns and stables to be erected, wtiioh were stocked witli cows, 
horses, o.xen and slieep. Some of these fanners were then valued, and the places assjjfued 
them at an annual rent, payable semi-annually in grain, beavers and wampum. — Munseli's 

t Under the rights confirmed to the Patroons by the '• Charter of Privileires and Exemp- 
tions," all settlers were bound l)y oath not to trade with tlic Indians in furs within the do- 
main of any patroon, unless duly licensed to carry on such trade from that potentate, Thev 
were obli;:ed to brin<^ all the furs they purchased to the patroon's magazine, to be sent to 
Holhind by him, he retainiriir. as his sh;ire, one hiiif the itruiics. 

I In 1646 the settlement of Beverwyck dil not contain over twelve houses. 

$ The Rliynland rod was twelve feet, each foot containing r2.3'j Engli.-li in. 

I! Evert Janse' Wendel lived m a house situate on the nortli corner of James and State 
Streets, whieh was occupied by his son Thomas in IIW.— Pearson's " Fust Sdtlers of 

^ "Philip Du Trieux (or Du Truy)," says Professor Pearson, in his First Settlers of 
iichenertndy, "a Walloon, l»om in loSo, came to New Amsterdam under Minuit's adminis- 
tration, and was granted in 1040 a patent Un- land in Smit's Valiey. Hi'; wife was Susanna 
De Scheeae, who ^^■as living as late as lG-34. Issue: iifitofa, who married Symon Sym- 
mcjnseGroot; Sfirah, who married Isaac De Foreest ; Susainia, who mariied Evert Janse 
Wendel; iiacAe/, who maiTied first Hendrik Van Bommel, second Dirk Janse DeGnjot; 
Abraham, Isaac, and lastly Jacob, who married Lysbeth Tost, of New York. This ancieut 
name has now become transformed into our modern Truex." 

244 Ancestry of the Late Jacob WendelL [July, 

Amsterdam * and by her he had issue six children, from whom, together 
with the offspring of his second subsequent marriage, through matrimonial 
alliances formed in successive generations, may be traced the lineage of the 
present representatives of the name, and others athliated therewith, through- 
out New England and the Middle States. Issue : 

i. Thomas," bapt , eldest son, who inherited his father's house on the 

Yonker Straat (now iitate Street) in Albany, and who died there 

ii. Abraham, 2 bapt. , who m. (April 12, 1093) Mayken Van Nes, of 


iii. ELSjE,=t bapt. , 1647. 

2. iv. Johannes,^ bapt. -, 1649, who m. first, Maritie Jillysse Meyer, of 

Albany, and second, Elizabeth StaeL';, of Albany. 

y. DiET\'ER,'2 bapt. , 1 053. 

vi. UiERONYMus,- bapt. 1655, who m. Ariaantje llarmenee Visscher,J of 

vii. Philip, =§ bapt. , 1657, who m. (June 17, 1688) Maria Ilarmense 

Visscher. of Albany. 
vili. EvERT,^ bapt. — — , 1660, who m. Elizabeth Sanders, of Albany, and 

died June 16, 1702. 

His first wife dying, Evert Janse* Wendell was again married (1663) to 
Maritje Abrahamse Vosburgh,|| of Beverwyck, widow of Tomas Jansen 
Mingael, by whom he had further issue, to wit: 

ix. Isaac. '^ 

X. Susanna ,2 bapt. , who m. (Aug. 18, 1686) Johannes Teller, of 

xi. DiEWERTJE,^ bapt. , who m. first, Myndert \Vemp,**of Schenectady, 

and second (June 21, 1671), Juhanncs Glen, uf Schenectady. 

Upon the death of his second wife, Evert Janse Wendel, according to the 
records, married Ariaantije , but left no issue b" her. 

2. Johannes Wendel^ {Evert Janse^), the fourth child of his father by 
his first wife (Susanna Du Trieux), was the direct ancestor of that branch 

* The boundary of the city was principally defined by the stockades erected in 1653, 
on the present lincof the way then known a.? lang de Wall, now Wall Street. Along the west 
side of the road, on the shoVe of the Ea>t river, sevenl citizens hud Chtaliiishcd their resi- 
dence at a very early period. This road, between the city irate and the ferr}', at the pre- 
sent site of Peck Slip, was known as de Smit's Vnley, or the Smith's Valley. The origin 
of this name is ascrii^ed to the fact that Cornelius Clor'por, a Macksmith, established him- 
self on the present corner of M liden Lane and Pearl Street. The Smit's Valley wa'^ for a 
long time the name of that part of the town lying between Wall Street and the present 
Franklin Square, and was desi:rnated l)y the Dutcli as the Vuloj or Vly It was one of the 
original straats estai;lished on tlie lirst .s'urvey of the city, ii)a<lc in 1656. — Valentine. 

t It was the cnstom of the Dutch to carry their chldrcn to tlio church for baptism, and 
this rite wa.s often performed on the very day of birth, wljile, except in rare instances, it 
was generally oljserved within seven days from th it time. The entry, therefore, on the 
Doop Boek, was commonly accepted as the date of hirth. 

t The name of VisscheV, according to Profes-or Pearson, was originally de Vijselaer, 
■which has l>een still further corrupted into the modern Fisscher. 

$ E.xcellent portraits of descendants of this Pliilip* Weudei, in the next two generations, 
are now in possession of Mrs. Harriet Park, of Albanv. 

II Abraham Pieterse Vosburirh, of the Wvnant's Kil. fur trader. He wa.s the son of Pie- 
ter Jacobse Vosburgh, the First Settler of the name who came out from Holland. He mar- 
ried Geertruyd Pieterse Coevmans, and died about IGGO, leaving i»ue of four sons and sev- 
eral daughters. The ancient township of Coeymnm, in the County of Albany, indicates 
Ihe jil.iee of residence ol' the lirst represenuitive-^ of the latter WunWy.— O'Calhujhan. 

•1 The baptismal diinijiurive, z^ or'^e, was frequently atme.\ed by the Dntcti to the name 
of a eiiild, as a term of endearment, for instance, as' in this case: Diewertje, signifying in 
Knu^li.-h, little Dthorah. 

•• MyndertWemp, of Schenectady, was appoiatcdJusticeof the Peace by Leisler in 1G89, 
*nd was killed at the massacre there Feb. 'J, 1G90.— /'earson'j First Settlers of Schenectady. 


1882.] Ancestry of the Late Jacob Wendell. .245 


of the family which it is our purpose to trace. Born in New Amsterdam 

1 649, he was 
;ed in the lle- 
}d Protestant 
Itch Chh. there, 
upon February 2 
of that year. He 
received such edu- 
cational advantages as were attainable at that time, and at an early period 
became a general trader in Albany. He was successful and prosperous 
in his affairs, becoming a wealthy merchant, and achieving a very con- 
siderable degree of prominence in the colony. He lived upon the Tanker 
Straat (or present State Street), in that city, and was called repeatedly 
to positions of responsibility and station. He was Magistrate in 1684, 
captain in the colonial service in 1685, alderman of Albany in 168G, and 
in 1690 was empowered, in company wMth others, with discretionary 
authority to treat with the Five Nations, and to superintend affairs relat- 
ing to the defence of Albany.* By the matrimonial alliances which he 
formed, he added materially to what was already a handsome estate of his 
own, controlling extensive tracts of country along the Mohawk valley, also 
in the vicinity of the present Saratoga, and in other parts of the province. 
He died in 1691, leaving a willf which was proved February 9 of that 
year, of which we have appended a copy to this sketch. He was married 
first to Maritie Jillysse. the daughter of Gillis Pieterse and his wife Elsie 
Hendrikse Meyer, of Beverwyck, by whom he had issue two children, to 
wit : 

3. i. ElAie,^ bapt. , who m. (July 3, 1696) Abraham Staets, Jr., of 


ii. Maritie,^ bapt. , who m, (June 23, 1729) Jan Johannese Oothout, 

of Albany. 

Upon the decease of his first wife. Johannes' Wendel married Elizabeth, § 
only daughter of Major Abraham and his wife Katrina (Jochemse) Staesjj 
(Staets), of Rensseiaerswyck, by whom he had further. issue, to wit: 

iii. Abraham,^ bapt. Dec. 27, 1678, heir-at-law. who m. (May 15, 1702) 
Katarina. daughter of Theunis and Helena (Van Brugh) De Fvey, 
of Mew York. 

• In 168S Albany was supposed by the French to have had three hundred inhabitants 
capabl- of bearins arm.s. Tiie population in 1698 was three hundred and seventy-nine men, 
two huridred and twentv-nine women, and eight himilred and three ctiildren. 

-*• " Fehru.iry 8, 179.;^. " Y»-' Will of Cipt. Job:- Wendel proved by Oaths of Barent Lewis 
and Gerrit L insinirh, and y« goedvroaw Elizabeth nominated sole executrix."' — Exlraci 
from Albany Records. 

X Ciaverack, settled by the Dutch at a very early period, received its name, accor.linij to 
Judge Miller, from its situation between tour cliffs or hills upon the Hudson, uud four 
others ui»on its eastern boundary, in the Dutch vevn^Acnlar, K^ai/Jfer-acht, or '* the place 
of eiglit clitf<," while according to another authority the blutf-i froniHig the river were culled 
the Klauvers, or Clovers, and as the limits of the town extended thence, it was called KLau- 
ver-rach, or Clocer -reach. 

^ After the death of Capt. Johanne-^ Wendel (1691), his widow, Elizabeth (Stacs) Wen- 
del, married (April 25, 169-5) Capt. Johannes Schuyler, of Albany. — Pearsoiis First Set- 
tlers of Alha7\y. 

II >tajr)r Abraham Staes (Staets), surgeon, came to Rensseiaerswyck from Holland in 
164'i, with Dominie Meirapolcnsis, in the galleon Iloidtwjn. He became one of the Council 
in 1G43, and Pre>ident of the board in 164+, at a .«alary of 100 florins (about .^'i"). He ob- 
tained llceiise to trade in furs, and had also a consideralile iiouwerie (farmi, at the same 
time pur-uing the practice of W\< profession. He wa.- the aiicest(jr of the Staats (jf the pre- 
sent day. He married Katrina Jochemse, by whum he had i.>sne hve childien, to uit : 

Jacob, who m. Ryckie ; Abraham, b. lC6o, who m. El-ic Wendel; Hajnuel, who m. 

first, , seiond (Mav 7, 1709), Catharina Hawardcn; Jochem, who m. Antjc Barentsc, 

and Elizabeth, who m. Johanne.>2 Weudel. — Ihid. 



^^^ Ancestry of the Late Jacob Wendell, [July, 

iv. Susanna,^ bapt. , who m. Jacobus Davidtse Schuyler, of Albany. 

V. Catalvntje,^ bapt. , who m. Jacobus Davidtse Schuyler, of Albany. 

vi. Elizabeth.^ bapt. , who m. Johannes Ten Brueck/uf Albany. 

vii. JonANNES.^'* bapt. Mar. '2, 1634, who m. Elizabeth Walters, of Albany. 

viii. Ephraim,^ bapt. June 3, 16S5, who m. Anna . 

is. Isaac, H bapt. Jan. "23, 16S7, who m. Nov. 28, 1717, Catalyna Van Dyck, 

of Albany. 
X. Sarah, ^ bapt. Nov. 11, lfiS3, and who was living at the time of her 

father's decease in 1691. 
xi. Jacob,^]: bapt. Auir. 5, 1691. who removed to B )Pton, Mass., and who 

m. (Aug. 12, 1714) Sarah Oliver, of Cambridge. 

3. Abraham' T\rENDELL§ {Johannes' Evert Janse^), eldest son and heir- 
at-law of his father Johannes^ by his second wife (Elizabeth Staes), was 

I ^^ born in Albany in 1678, 

- ^~^ and when of age removed 

to New York, where he 
became an importer of con- 
^^n:^^ siderabie degree, engaged 

C>^ in trade with the leading 

cities of Holland, and also with those of New England. Inheriting a 
large share of the handsome estate of his father, he increased his pos- 
sessions very materially by marriage, and was an extensive laud owner in 
the province. He was a merchant of liberality and generous character, and 
a worthy citizen. Retiring from business later in life, he removed to Boston, 
Mass., with his f\imily. dying there (September 28, 1734), and was buried 
in the family tomb of his son, John"* Wendell, numbered hh in the Gran- 
ary Burial Ground on Tremont Street in that city. He married [j (May 15, 

* This .JolianncN^ Wendell, to whom, by the will of his father Johannes,- descended 
^teen Rnhie (or Stone Arabia) the present site of Lansingbur;:::h, N. Y., had a son Johannes 
(born February 8, 170S* whu removed to Boston, Mass., where he married (Nov. 11, 1731) 
Mary, first child of James and Rebecca (Lloyd) Oliver. He died at Boston, February, 
1772, leaving a \vill. of which his widow was appointed sole executrix. 

t Hendrik Van Dyck, tirst of the name in tliis country, came to New Amsterdam from 
Holland in 164-5. He lived, according to Valentine, in 168'^, upon the Heere Straat (the 
present Broadway^. He was in the service of the Dutch West India Corapanv, and at a 
later period officiated as ;ittorney-general under Stuyvesant. He died in 1688, leaving a 
wife (Diewertje Corneli.-e Van Dyck) and is>ue. 

t Jacub^ Wendell (bapt. Auix. .5, 1691), the younirest son of Johannes- and Elizal^eth 
(Staes) Wendel, was the tirst of the name to remove to New England, and came to Boston 
when a youth, receiving his business education in the counting-house of Mr. John Mico, a 
well known Bo-ton merchant of the perioil. At the close of this connection he entered 
into business upon his own account, accumulated a handsome estate, and became one of the 
most prominent citizens of his day. He was uncle to John^ Wendell, the son of his eldest 
brother Abraham, who came to Boston at a later perioil, and became associated with him 
in business. He was of his Majesty's Council from 1737 to 1760, commander of the An- 
cient and Honorable Artillery 17-3o and 174o, and in 1733 director of the fir'=t banking 
institution in the province. In evidence of the fact that he was not forgetful of the early 
Dutch settlement, where (Iwelt so many of his kindred, may be mentioned the possessiuii, 
by the old church in .Vlbany, of an antique chri-tenm^- ba'^in of coin silver, bearing tlic 
following inscription : De Gift Van Jacob \V(-nrlell tot Basto?i, voor de Duytse Kerck tot Al- 
bamj, Anno 1719. The Hon. Col. Wendell lived at the corner of School and Common (the 
present Tremont) Sts., and married ( 12, 1714) Sarah, daughter of Dr. James iind Mercy 
(Bradstreet) Oliver, of Camhrid'_'e, by whom he had issue twtdve children, tour sons and 
eight daughters. His s.,n Oliver (born March o, 1733) marri'd (176'2) Mary, daughter of 
Edward and Dorothv (Quincv) Jackson. Sarah Wendell, ids daughter, manded the Rev. 
Dr. Abiel Holmes, of Cambridge, and their fourth child (born Au-. 2'J. IN(J9) is Dr. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes Margar.'t, the twelfth child of Hon. Jacob' Wendell, married (June iL', 
1760) William Phillips, of Boston, and their third child, John Phillips (t,oru Nov. 26, 1770), 
married .^sarah, daughn.T of Thomas and Sarah (Hard) Walley, wio-^e eiirlith child ('oorri 
Nov. 29, 1811) is our pre-ent fellow citizen, Wemlell Phillips, in whose possession is an 
admirable portrait, by Smibert. of the Hon. Jacol>' Wendell, his ance-tor. 

$ In this generation the farnil v changed the ortho^rraphy of their n.ime to Wendrll. 

H This branch of the Wcndello mav tnce descent on the maternal .-idc tVom Annekn Janse, 
through this marriage of Abraham^ "Wendell with the great-granddauglitcr of that celebrat- 
ed character. 

1882.] Ancestry of the Late Jacob WendelL 247 

1702) Katarina, eldest clauizliter of Theunis and his wife Helena (Van 
Brugli)* De Key,t of New York, by wl]om he had issue of twelve children, 
to wit : 

4. i. Jon.v,* bapt. May 2, 1703, who m. (Nov. 10, 1721) Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Hon. Edmund and his wife Dorothy (Flynt) Quincy, of Brain- 
tree, Ma.-^s. 

ii. Eliza BETH,"* hapt. Aug. 20, 1704, who m. (April 15, 1725) Edmund 
(Quincy. of Boston, and died tliere Nov. 7, 1769. 

iii. Abrauam,* bapt. March 3, 1706, who m. Jane Phillips, and died April 
17, 1741. 

iv. Helena De Key,"* bapt. Sept. 21, 1707, who m. John Rogers, and died 
at Jamaica. West Indies. 

V. Catharina,-^ bapt. March 27, 1709, who m. William Bulfinch, of 

vi. jACOBrs,-* bapt. Auo:. 31, 1712. 

vii. LucRETiA,"* bapt. July 18, 1714, who m. Samuel Sturgis, of Barnsta- 
ble, Mass.. and died there March, 1752. 

viii. TuEUNis De Kev."^ bapt. June 24, 1716, who died young. 

ix. Theuxis De Key.'* bapt. Oct. 30, 1717. 
, .-. X. Hendrikus,* bapt. Auir. 3, 1719. 

xi. Sar.ah,"* bapt. Jan. 20, 1721, who m. John Dennie, of Boston, Mass. 

xii. Mary,"* who m. Peter Oliver. 

4. John* Wendell {Abraham,^ Johannes,^ Evert Janse^), eldest son of 
Abraham^ and his wife Katarina (De Key) Wendell, was born in New 
York in 1703, and baptized in the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church 
there. May 2 of that year. Pie was educated in that province, remaining 
there for some years, but subsequently removed to Boston, Mass., where he 
entered upon business. He was a merchant and importer, doing an exten- 

* The Hon. Julianncs Van Brugli, prominently connected with the Dutch Wes^t India 
Coni[)any. lived in New Amsterdam, of 'uhich lie was Bariromaster in IG06, and again in 
1673, when the Dutch retook tlie city from the EuLdisli, and named it Netc Orange. Accord- 
ing to liistorians of the period lie resided upon Thetcater zyde, the loc.ition of his house 
being upon the west side of the present Pearl Street in New York, between Wall and Wil- 
liam Streets. He maiTied (March 29, 16o«) Katrina Roe/njf'se, daughter of the celebrated 
Anneke (or Ani.erje) Juiise, liy whom he hudi-sue as follows : Helena (bapt. April 4. 1659) ; 
Helena (bapt. July 2:5, 1660). who married (May 26, 1680) Theunis De Key; Anna (.japt. 
Sept. 10, 1662), who married (Julv 2, 1684) Andries Gicvcnraat ; Catharina (bapt. April 19, 
166-5), who married (March 19. 16^8) Hcndrik Van Rens-elacr; Fetrus (bapt. July 15, 
1666), who married (Nov. 2, 1688) Sara Cuyler; Johannes (bapt. Xov. 22, 1671), who mar- 
ried (July 9,1606) Margu-ita Provoost ; and lastly, Maria (bapt. Sept. 20, 1673;. who 
married Stephen Richards. 

t The family of De Key was represented at an early period among the settlers of New 
Amsterdam. The {ir?t mention of the name in connection with the colony is found in the 
archives of the Dutch West India Company at the Hague, from which it appears that Jacob 
De Key, of Hacilem, Holland, was one of the Lords Directors of the Ain.-terdam Cham- 
ber, previous to 1631. Wiliem De Key was Receiver General of New Amsterdam in 16U, 
and was, we l»elicve, the tir.-t of the name ujton Manhatt;in. Jacob Thcunisen DeKey is found 
in New Am-ierdam prior to 16^0. He wa.'^, probably, a l^rother of Willem, and lived in 1C64 
upon Bears StraaC, in that citv, otxupyiug a hou^e upon the pre.-cnt ea.-t side of what is now 
Whiteliall Srrcit, berween lY-arl and lieaver. " He was esteem<'d,'' .-ays Valeittine, " as a 
citizen of prolMtv and honor, ainl was prominent in the councils of the church. He died in 
the posses.-ion of a large property, leaving, amonir other issue, two sons, Theunis and Jaco- 
bus, from whom descend the representatives of the name." Theunis lived upon the Heeren 
Grac/i< (the present Broad Street), and married (May 2), \6S'j) Helena Van Brnyh, \>y whom 
he had is.'-uc twelve children, to wit: Katanna {\)\x\n. March lo, 1681), who married Abra- 
ham W'jndell ; He'oijonda (liapt. N<jv. I, 1682), who married Jacolais Bav:ud: Jacnbus 
(l>apt. Au- 31, 16811. wiio died Nov. 29, 1719; Lucretia (b>pt. Aug. 8, 1686), who died 
June 11, 1711; Joltaanes (bapt. March 4, 1()88), died Julv 10, 1689; JoAa/</(e.M bapt. Nov. 
13, 168:,') , die-l 17->0; Hd-^na (ba|)t. Dec. 6. 16c*l), died same year ; Rachel (Inipt. April 9. 
16'J3), <Iied 1691; H.'n<lrikut (bapt. Scjtt. 22. 169.5), died 1719; Petnis (bapt. 1697), died 
1717; Helena (bapt. April 22, 1699), died 17"0 ; and la>tly Helena (\).\\)i. Fe!). 1, 1702), who 
married (Sept. 1, 1727) Samuel Shefticld, and at his deatli again niarri<-(l (Auir. 11, 174t) 
G'l. Haeghuort. A <piaiiit >ilver-m'iunted ciine, with the iii-cri[)tion, Teunis De K-jy, 1697, 
i» in the posses-rdou of Miss Curoliuc Quincy Wendell, of Portsmouth, N. li. 

248 Ancestry of the Late Jacob Wendell, [July, 

sive traffic with foreign parts, being associated in copartnership with liis 
^o uncle, the Hon. Jacob^ Wendell, 

C^ /^ yy^ tlie firm having a large whole- 

^^^^^'^^'i-.^i^^^^'^^'"'*' warehouse located in 17.54 
^ ^^ upon Merchants Row.* then the 

commercial centre of the "West 
India trade, situated at that time 
upon the edge of tide-water. The firm of Jacob' Wendell & Co was, 
however, a great sut^erer by the destructive fire which visited Boston on 
March 20, 17 GO, sustaining, in common with nnmerous others, heavy losses 
from which it never fnlly recovered. John"* Wendell was a citizen of hish 
standing and respectability, and the contemporary in mercantile circles of 
William Phillips, Benjamin Greene. Josiah Quincy, John Erving, Thomas 
Hancock and others, and while he does not appear to have been called to 
public station, took, notwithstanding, great interest in the advancement of 
colonial affairs. He was repeatedly commissioned in the military establish- 
ment of the province, and ranked as a field officer at the time of his death. 
He was identified with the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company from 
1733, was Ensign of that corps in 1735, and its commander in 1740. His 
mansion stood in 17 GO, upon the corner of Queen (the present Court) and 
Trea-mnnnt (now Tremont) Streets, facing in that day upon the latter. 
Tlie building jiovv standing upon that site, at present occupied by lawyers' 
offices, and the store of Messrs. 8. S. Pierce & Co., is the identical struc- 
ture, although it has since undergone very material alterations. A taijiet 
inserted in the Court Street end commemorates the fact of its occupa- 
tion by Washington upon the occasion of his visit to Boston in 1789. 
John^ Wendell married (November 10. 1724) Elizabeth, second daughter 
of Hon. Edmund and his wife Dorothy (Flynt) Quincy, j of Braintree, by 
whom he had issue of fifteen children, to wit : 

i. Jacob,* b. Nov. 23, 1725. 

ii. Abraham,* b. Sept. 23, 1727, who died unmarried at Boston, April 13, 

iii. Elizabeth,* b. Oct. 16. 1729, who m. Solomon Davis, of Boston. 
5. iv. John,* b. Sept. 10, 1731, who m. (June 20, 1753) Sarah Wentworth, 

* The coraraercinl street: upon whicli the warehouse of the firm of Jacob^ Wendell & 
Co. was located in 17-04. dates tlie formal adoption of its name to a meeting of the select- 
men of the town of Bo>ton, held May 3, 1708. at which the followin:.' vote was passed: Or- 
dered, that the Streets, Lanes ami Alleys of this 'I'own, as they are now hounded and named, 
he recorded in the Town Book." In a transcrii^tof this record we find it declared that " the 
Way leadin.2 from Madam Butler's corner, at y*-' Lower End of King (the present State) 
street, to the Swinging Bridtr, an^l from thence to y*^ Lower End of W'oodman-i.-'s Wharfe, 
shall l)e called Merchmits lioic." The hridge retcrred to cro-<ed the cove running inland at 
that d;iy above the present Fanenil Hall, known as the I'own Dock, in the vicinity of the 
prescntFaneuil Hall Square. 

t The Hon. Edmund Qumcy, a citizen of grc it prominence and influence in the province, 
who married (1701) Dorothy, daughter of Rev. Josiah and Esther (Willet) Flynt, of Brain- 
tree. He was the grand-on of E<Jmund Quiticv (l>orn in Encrland, 1602), who arrived in 
Boston, Mas.s., Sept. 4, 1633. He graduated at Harvard Collcire in 1699, and ,-ubsequentlv 
was in llie pniiiic service nearly all his life. He was of His Maje-ty's Council, Colonel of 
the Suffolk Reiriment of vcom inry. a mairistrate of tiie province, anil one of the Ju-tices of 
the Supreme Court. In 1737 he was appninrcd Acrerit for the province at the Court of Great 
Britain, to settle the l^oundary line lictween Massachusetts and New Hampshire, but (hed 
in London. Entrlaml, Fi'hruary 23, 1738. His dt-ath was deeply lamented Ijy his country- 
men, and the General Court of Ma*>achusetts, ;i< an acknowledgment of his public services, 
griinted to his heirs a'i acre^ of land in the town of Leiiox. and (■au>ed a monument 
to be erected over his irrave in BuahiU-rit'lds, London, at tii" t'\!»en«i; ol the provim-e, with 
an inscription which thus terminates: " He di'parted the delight of h\<. own f>eople, but of 
none more than the Sen itc, wiio its a testirnonv uf their love and gratitude, have ordered 
this epit;iph to be inscribed on his monument." 

1882.] Ancestry of the Late Jacob Wendell. 249 

of Portsmouth, N. 11.. and at her death a<;aia m. (Aug. 20, 17TS) 

Dorothy Sherburne, uf Portsmouth, N. II. 
V. DoROTUY,^ b. March 19, 1733, who m. Richard Skinner, of iMarblehead, 

vi. Edmund,* b. May 13, 1735. Avho m. Knight, at Antigua, West 

Indies, and died'there (March "2. 1793). leaving no issue. 
vii. Jacou,* -d, b. Oct. 19, 1730. who died in Boston. 
viii. Henry Plynt,* b. Dec. 23, 1737, who died on the voyage from Jamaica, 

West Indies. 
ix, JosiAU,* b. , who was lost at sea on the voyage from Monte Cristo, 

Jan.21. 17f)2. 
X. ("'atuarine,** b. , who m. Solomon Davis, of Boston, and died there 

April 7, 1805. 

xi. Sarah.* b. . 

xii. TiioiiAS,* b. April — , 1744, who m. Elizabeth Tnvett, of Marblehead,, 

xlii. Sarah,* b. May I, 1745, who m. John Gerry, of .Marblehead, Mass., 

and at his death again m. June 18, 1786, Gen. John Fiske, ot Sa- 
lem, Mass. 

xiv. Isaac,* b. . 

XV. A child,* unnamed, stillborn. 

John"* Wendell, upon the death of his first wife Elizabeth, was again mar- 
ried (1751) to Mercy Skinner, of Marblehead. but we find no record of 
his having had issue by her. He died Dec. 15, 1762. 

5. JoFTN^ Wendell (Jolin^ AbrahamJ^ Johannes^ Evert Janse^), fourth 
son of Joliu^ aud his wife Elizabeth (Quincy) Wendell, was born in Boston 
September 10, 1731. He received the requisite preparation tor Harvard 
College, entered that institution at the a^e of fifteen, and was graduated 
thence in 1750. Shortly afterwards he removed to Portsmoutli, in the 
Province of New Hampshire, where he established himself as a real estate 

lawyer and conveyancer, and 
yr ^ became subsequently possess- 

*^ '^ He held professioiial and 

social relations with many of the leading citizens of the time, who were 
prominent during the Revolutionary period, among whom we note the 
names of Hancock. Quincy, Otis, Laugdou, Livingston, Morris, Hamil- 
ton. Jay. and Ethan Allen, while he was the warm personal friend of Hon. 
Elbridge Gerry, Gen. Philip Schuyler, Gen. Peter Gansevoort, Gen. John 
Sullivan and Thomas Dudley. He was a man of vigorous mind and ener- 
getic <lisposition, and it may be justly said of him that he contributed iv^^Xy 
from his moderate fortune, as well as by his pen, towards sustaining the 
stand early taken in the province against the arbitrary exactions of the 
Crown. Although repeatedly solicited to occupy official station, he persis- 
tently declined so doing, preferring to remain apart from public life, and 
unbiassed in his political opinions. He was a ready speaker and writer, 
and a man of considerable scholastic taste, in recognition of which he re- 
ceived the degree of Master of Arts from Yale College in I7G8, and from 
Dartmouth in 17 ".'3. He died in Portsmouth. April 29, 1808, in his sev- 
enty-seventh year. John^ Wendell married (June 20, 1753) Sarah, eldest 
daughter of Danielt and Elizabeth (Frost) Wentworth, of Portsmouth, by 
whom he had issue of eleven children, to wit : 

• Solomon Davis married two sisters si)ccc?;^ively. 

t D.-iniei Wentworth (horn Jan.. 5, 1713), a merchant of Portsmouth, N. II.. who died 
there; June 19, 1747. He was a desceii(l;mt through Lieut. G(jveriior John ot Port.>riioutk 
(bora Jan. IG, 1G71), aud Samuel of Dover (boru IGilj, of Elder William Wentworth 
VOL. XXXVI. 22* 

250 Ancestry of the Late Jacob Wendell. [July, 

i. Sarah Wentwortu.^ b. Oct. 5, 17.54. who m. (Dec. 31, 1784) Edward 

k?ar<iep.t, nf Pdrt^uiDUtli 
ii. Elizabeth. "^ b. Oct. 11. 1753 ; died July \C^. 17.56 
iii. Joux,* li. Oci. '25. 1757 ; dud Aug. 15, 17S)9. unmaiTied. 
iv. Daniel Wentworth.^ b. Fet). 15. 1760; died Jan. 27, 1780. 
V. Edmund.^ b. July 15, 1762 ; died May 14, 1763. 
vi. Elizabeth.^ b. April 9, 1764. 
vii. Helena De Key,^ b. Feb. '2ri, 1766, who m. Benjamin Sherburne, of 

viii. Edmund,^ b. March 4, 1769, who m. Elizabeth Cotton. 
ix. Hannah.^ b. March 3, 1770; died April 17, 1771. 
X. George Wentworth,^ b. March 22, 1771, who m. (Aug. 15, 1795) 

Rebecca Sherburne. 
xi. A child,® unnamed, stillborn. 

Upon the decease of his first wife (Nov. 17, 1772) John* Wendell again 
married (Aug. 20, 1778) Dorothy, second daughter of Judge Henry and 
his wife Sarah (Warner) Sherburne,* of Portsmouth (b. Aug. 20, 1752), 
by whom he had further issue, to wit: 

xii. DoROTHr Sderburne,® b. Feb. 11, 1780, and who m. (Aug. 7, 1802) 

Reuben Shaplev Randall. 
xiii, Mary, 6 b. Se])t. 30. 1781. and died March 20. 1787. 
xiv. Daniel,^ b. Nov. 25. 1783. and died unmarried March 24, 1807. 
XV. Abraham.^ b. March 18, 1785. who m. Susan Gardner, of Portsmouth, 

and died there March — , 1865. 
xvi. Isaac,® b. Nov. 1, 1786, whom. (1809) Ann Austin Whittier, of Dover, 

N. H. : removed (18.30) to Bustleton,<l died there. 
6 . xvii. Jacob,® b. Dec. 10, 1788, who m. (Aug. 15, 1816) Mehetabel Rindge 

Rogers, of Portsmouth, and dieil there on Aug. 27, 1865. 
xviii. Mary Suerbl'Rne,® b. Aug. 7. 1790, who died Aug. 19, 1790. 
xix. Henry Flynt,® b. July 10, 1791, who died Aug. 25, 1796. 

6. J.\C0B Wendkll® {John? John^ Abraham,^ JoJiannes? Evert Janse^), 
the sixth child of John by his second wife, Dorothy (Sherburne) Wendell, was 
born in Portsmouth, N. H., December 10, 178S. Educated in his native 
town, he entered business life on leaving school, and acquired, within a com- 
paratively short period, such thorough mercantile training and familiarity 
^ .y y. with commercial matters, as enabled him, 

^^^^ / yy ^ fsw years later, to become a merchant 
-^^^^^^"^^^^^/^ and importer on his own account, in the 
X Russian and West India trade. In this 
^ pursuit he was remunerated by abundant 

returns, and, with judicious and conservative management, he rapidly ac- 
cumulated what was for those days a handsome property, becoming a prom- 
inent and respected citizen. 

{l>orn 1616), of AlforJ, co. Lincoln, the first Encrlish emigrant of the name to America, 
who settled at Exeter, N. H., in loiJD. — Wenticorth Genealoay. 

* The Hon. Henry Sht-rhnrne (liorn April 4, 1709;, a citizen of abundant wealth, prorai- 
Dent station and influence in the Province of New Humpsliii-e, who married (Oct. 2. 1740) 
Miss Sarah, daughter of Daniel and .Sarah (Hill) Warner, of Portsmouth. He graduated 
at Harvard CoUe'i^'e in 1728, was Clerk of the Courts of the Province from 1729 to 173D, and 
from 1745 for twenty-one years representative fnjm Portsmouth to the Provincial A>-em- 
bly, of which he was Sneaker the last ten years. He was delc;;are to the Colonial Cont^'ress 
at Alljany in 17-54, in 176-5 was made Chief Justice of the ."^upL-rior Court, and in 17<;6 
was appointed Counsellor. He great-grand^-on throiiirh Henry (tiorn 1671), Su/nuel 
(born 1G3S). of the lirst American an<;csror, Ifennj Sherbunie (\)Ovn IGll), whoemigiutcd 
from Hampsliire, England, to the Piscataqua in 1632, who was the second son of Joseph 
^herbarw;, ofOdihnm, Hampshire (fjied lG:il), who was the lineal descendant in a younger 
branch, through Henri/ (b.jrn 1.5>;), of Oxtord ; Hugh (horn 1->U), of Ilaighton ; Rich- 
ard (born I.JIO), of Bayley and Hai.diton ; Richard (born 1488), of Wiswall, the second 
son of Sir Richard Sh^-rhunip, Kniudit, of Stonyhurst, in the town of Aight.>n, L.uica- 
shire (born 146.5), the ninth in regular descent, to whom had f.dlen that princely inheri- 
tance. — MiS. of Edward Raymond Sherburne. 

1882.1 Aticestrf/ of the Late Jacob Weridcll, 251 

The responsibilities of affairs unquestionably tend, in a greater or less de- 
gree, toAYards absorption of the social and domestic tastes. Too often 
is the man of business, engrossed in watchful scrutiny of his interests, and, 
wrapped in conteinphition of fresh plans for added iutiuence and prolit, in- 
clined to subordinate to an inditferent place tliose cheering and brightening 
associations of liome and its surroundings, which do so much to render life 
desirable and happy. Tliis could not i)e said of Mr. Wendell. He possess- 
ed strong points of ciiaracter. He was energetic, clear-headed and prudent, 
of sterling integrity and honor ; devoted to his business, and unceasingly 
faithful to its demands upon him; but he did not allow it to mar or lessen 
the force of social ties. He wa^ a lovnni;^ and atfectionate husband and fa- 
ther, a generous brother and an iiuhilgent friend, and it was in the congenial 
domestic circle that he sought and found his respite from the care and bus- 
tle of business life. ^ 

It was in 1815 that he embarked with his brother Isaac^ Wendell and 
others in the enterprise of establishing and operating some of the earlier mills 
founded in New Hampshire for the manufacture of cotton cloth.* The indus- 
try of weaving textile fabrics was then in its infancy upon this side the Atlan- 
tic, very iittle being known here at thar period of the improved machinery 
patented in Great Britain, which was prohibited by the government 
from exportation abroad. The embiyo manufacturers purchased, through 
Daniel Webster, then resident in Portsmouth, several tine water privilei]:;es, 
the first acquisition being the estate in Dover, known as the Waldron 
farm, upon v/hich they erected successively several structures. In the fall 
of 1821, the tirst mill was ready to commence operations, and its machinery 
was started in control of a skillful superintendent, under such favorable 
auspices, and with such satisfactory results, that two years later another mill 
was built upon the Salmon Falls river, upon a site purchased of Mr. 
Gershom Horn, which was the pioneer factory of the Great Falls corpo- 

For some time everything went prosperously. The mills earned a hand- 
some protit upon the cajiital inve>tt:-d. the stock advanced to a premium, 
and all seemed to augur well for tiie future, when the notable commercial 
panic of 1827-28 swej)t the country, and one mercantile crash succeeded 
another. The destruction of all confidence in business credit and financial 
strength was rapid and wide-spread, involving on all sides extended com- 
mercial ruin, among; which was the failure of the Great Falls ]Manufactur- 

* This undcrtakinfr was first initiiited by some gentlemen of Dover, at what was known 
as the Upper Factor}/, where rhey were ;U that time spinning yum and also makin:; nails. 
Isaac Wendell, my father, entered wariuiv into the enterpri.^e, and enlisted in hs intere.-iis, 
and in those of the new mills estai>lished at Dover, an i subsequent!}' at Great Falls, his 
brother Jacob Wendell ani orii-ii-. wuti lii> partner, John Williams, of Dover. Th; loai- 
tion and ri.-e of the Great Fall.-> Mauufieturing Company datei from 1823, the ie^'i-iative 
act granting it incorpor.ition bearing date June 11 of that year. The inspecti'*!i ( t me- 
chanical details iti the factory at Dover was intrusted to William Blackburn, an experi- 
enced weaver t'rom the city'uf Maneiie-ter, in England, wiiile Is;uic Wendell oeeU[)ied 
the position of agent, and exercised a ireiieral supervision over the interests uf the mills. 
Of the working capacity of these factories some idea may be gained when we state that the 
first year (1821) tijree thousand spindles were put in operation in the woixien mdlat Dover, 
since removed, whde the total imitiiier operateil at l)oth pLices exceeded thirty thou.-and. The 
bricks necessary for the-e Oiiildini^s vvere made on the uTound, while much uf the iroii work 
needed was furni-hed by a .-mall furnace erected on the Bellamy river. The mill- made 
shirtin'_'>. [iiint iiutli- and ^heetiii,^-, aril tin,' atmuai production was very large. Tuelve to fif- 
teen Imii'ired oiv.iiitive- were einplu>id nu the corporation, while the amount of money dis- 
bursed monthly, exclusive ni' the <-u-c m v.owm, ainuunted to a large >um. In l>^2-7 the 
Company attem|jteil the mainif letuie of wouJen cloth and carpets, erecting a mill inv that 
purpose, but it soon relinquisin-d this project, and put the new factory also upon cotion. — 
MS. of Ann Elizabeth Wtndtll. 

252 Ancestry of the Late Jacob Wendell, [J'jl}^* 

ing Company, and the consequent precipitation of heavy losses upon Jacob® 
Wendell, with others, which were tenihly severe. The shock of this ca- 
lamity, though it very seriously and almost hopelessly crippled him linan- 
cially, did not, however, cause him utter discouragement. While over- 
whelmed by the sudden and terrible revulsion of fortune, his spirit was not 
crushed, and accepting the unwelcome circumstances in which he was placed, 
he devoted his energies, for the long years which were to come, towards 
the amelioration of the catastrophe. 

He held firm and pronounced religious convictions, being from early 
years connected with the well known South Parish Society* of Portsmouth. 
He united with its church membership during the memorable pastorate of 
the Rev. Dr. Nathan Parker, between whom and himself existed tlie most 
cordial friendship, while the active interest he evinced in all relating to the 
welfare and prosperity of the ancient parish iu which he was brought up, 
continued to the time of his decease, fie had marked taste for historical 
and antiquarian matters, and was a corresponding member of the 2Sew Eng- 
land flistoric. Genealogical Society from 1847. He was married (Aug. 15, 
181 G) to Mehetabel Rindge.f only daughter of Mark and Susanna l\ogt;rs,$ 
of Portsmouth, with whom he lived most happily for a long period of years, 
only terminated by her death, v.hich occurred April 30, lis59. They were 

♦ The records of the religious organization known as The South Parish, of Purtsmouth, 
N. H., run back into the early annais of the province, bein:r contemporarv with that iieriod 
when Churcliraan and Puritan :^trove zealously for ecclesia-tieal control of the st-ttlcuieiits 
along the Piscataqua. " Its first pastor, the Kev, Jotin Emerson," says Rev, Dr. A. P. 
Peabudy, in a discourse deseri.itive of its history, in 18-59, " was insr.iik-d in March, 1715. 
Its first house of worship was the building wliich had been erected in 16)8, upon the hill 
below the Sou»-h Mill Bridge, at the present junction of Waiter and South Streets. This 
was a suljstautial structure, sixty feet by thirty, with galleries, a low belfry and a bell, the 
window- with diamond panes, set in lead. It originally had no pews; the men and women 
being seated on opposite sides of the main tioor, according to their respective claims to pre- 
cedence, and the iioys and girls occupying places in opp(jsue galleries. Pews were suiise- 
quently built in various paits of the house by individual wor-hippers. In 17^1, the edifice 
known as the Old South Meetirig-h(»u>e was built, on a site bequeathed to the parish i)y the 
JohTi Pickering who had been so larirely instrumental in its separate organization." Here, 
successive to the pastorate of Rev. Mr. Emer.-on, who died in office in 1732, were conducted 
the nunistries of Rev. William Shurtlefi', Re-. Job Strontr, and Rev. Dr. Samuel Haven. 
In the pastorate of tlie next i!icunii)ent. Rev. Dr. Nathan Parker, came that religious 
change which stirred New England so ])rotbundly, which may be defined as '• the Channing 
movement," initiated at Baltimore in 1^19, and to which the parish, m common with many 
Others, thenceforth transferred its allegiance. The Old South was vacated in ib'lQ, wtien the 
society completed and occupied the pre-tnt Stone Church, but it stood until 18G3, being used 
during a jiortion of the time for religious purposes, and was then taken down. 

t The family o( Rindf/e is ot Enirlish oii;:in, the first refire-entative of tiie name of whom 
we have record in Ma«s;ichusetts being found in the person of Daniel Rindge, first of Rox- 
bury (10.39), who removed to Ipswich in 164s. He married Mary KiuMuaii, and died ia 
February, 1661, leaving amom; other issue, three sons, Diuuel, Roger and hudc, of wiiom 
the present bearers of the name are the descendants. Isaac married Elizaheth Dutch, and 
theireldest son Jolin Rindf/e (Lorn June 1, 169-5), ot Portsmouth, N. H.(I7i'J), married Ann, 
daughter of Plon. Jotliam Otiionie, of Newcastle. The Hon. John Rindye was a merchant 
of high standing and haml-ome estate. He served repeated terms in the provincial assem- 
bly, was Commissioner to the Court of Great Britain in behalf of the province, to settle the 
boundary line between New Hampshire and Massachusetts, in 1731-32, while he was of 
his Majesty's Council in 1738-4". Ey his wife Ann Odiorne he had issue of thirteen child- 
ren, to wit: Elizabeth, born July 29, 1717, who ni. Mark Hunking Weiitworrh ; Isaac, b(.»rn 
1719; Georire. born 1721 ; yl/(/i,"l»oin Ani,'. 2U, 1723, who m. Daniel Peiice ; Mehetabel, t-orn 
Sept. 22, 172-5, who m. Mark Ro-ers ; John, b.jrn Julv 23, l7-:7 ; Dam<^L born ^epr. lb, 1729 ; 
Danifl, born Oct. -5, 1731, who m. Olive Hiiske; Williain, Ixjrn Aprir21, 173i; Isaac, born 
Oct. 2u, 173-5, who m. Sarah Parr; Jotha/n, lj(jrn Feb. 28, 1737, who lu. Sarah Vaughan ; 
Benja>nin, i)orn May 31, 1739; and lastly, George, born 1740. 

X Mark Rogers, of Port-uioutli, tenth child of Hon. Daniel and Mehet.abel (Ritidge) 
Ro:_'';rs. He was a d. sCvjiulaiit tliroii;,di Daniel of Portsmoutii, Rev. Xathaniel of Ports- 
moudi, and Rev. Juhn of Ipswich, m the Itev. Nathaniel Rogers, the first New England 
aneest<)r of the family, who t;!iiigrated to Ipswich, Mass., in 1636, v.dio was the son of the 
Rev. John Rogers, of Dedham,'co. Essex, England, a celebrated Puritan preacher of the 
time of James I. 

1882.] Ancestry of the Late Jacob WendelL 253 

blest with a fomily of eight children, six of whom they lived to see grow to 
years of maturity, atul occupy reputable and useful relations in society. 
Jacob* Wendell survived his wife six years, dying at the homestead on Plea- 
sant Street, Portsmouth, Aug. 27, 18 05. Issue : 

i. Mark Rogers,^ b. June 18, 1817, who removed to Boston, who m. 
(June 13, 1849) Catharine (Gates) Thaxter, of that city, and now 
resident there. 

ii. Mehetabel RiNDGE,^ b. June 30, 1818, whom. (Oct. 28, 1844) Isaac 
Henry Stanwood, of Woodville, Mississippi, and died in Cincinnati, 
Ohio (Oct. 2, 1847), leaving issue, and was buried at Portsmouth, 
N. H. 

iii. CAROLrNE Quincy,^ b. Dec. 24, 1820, unmarried, who inherited the 
homestead in Portsmouth, and resident there in 1862. 

iv. Jacob,^ b. iSt'pt. 23, i822 ; died xMarch 20, 1826. and was buried at 
~- V. Mary Evert,'' b. Dec. 25, 1824 ; died April 29, 1826, and was buried 
at Portsmouth. 

vi. Jacob, ^ b. July 24, 1826, who removed to Boston, who m. (Oct. 24, 
1854) Mary liertodi Barrett, of that city, resident (1882) in N. York. 

vii. Mary Evert/ b. Aug. 28, 1828, who m. (June 29, 1852) William 
Hobbs Goodwin, of North Berwick, Me., who removed to Jamaica 
Plain, Mass., same year, and now resident there. 

viii. George Blunt,^ b. Jan. 31, 1831, who m. (Feb. 7, 1861) Mary Eliza- 
beth Thompson, of Portsmouth, removed to Quincy, Mass., and who 
died there, Sept. 25, 1881, leaving issue, and was buried at Ports- 

Will of Johannrs' Wendel, of Albany. 

5-n tijC Kamc OC ^Otr, Slmnt, the Twenty-third day of November, 
1691, in the Tliird Y'ear of our most Sovereign Lord and Lady, William 
and Mary, by the Grace of God, of England. Scotland, France and Ire- 
land, King and Queen, I, Johannes^ Wendel, of the City of Albany, Mer- 
chant, although weak and sickly in body, yet of good, perfect and sound 
Memory, praised be Almighty God therefor, do Make and Ordain this my 
present Will and Testament, in manner and form following; that is to say: 

jFttSt, 3: CTommClllI mvself and all my Whole Estate to the Mercy 
and Protection of Almighty (iod, being fully Persuaded by His Holy Spirit, 
through the Death and Passion of Jesus Christ, to obtain full Pardon 
and Remission of all my sins, and to inherit everlasting life, to which, the 
Holy Trinity, one coequal Deity, be all Honor and Glory forever, Amen. 
And Touching such Temporal Estate of Lands, Houses, Goods, Chattels and 
Debts, as the Lord hath been pleased, (far beyond my Deserts), to Bestow 
upon me, I do Order, Give, Bequeath and Dispose the same in manner 
and form following : 

3-mpvimiS my win is that ray well-beloved wife, Elizabeth Wendel, 
shall IJave and Keep, Hold and Possess my Whole Estate, both Lands, 
Houses, Lots, Goods and Chattels, and all my moveables during her Natu- 
ral Life, out of which she is to Bring up, Educate and Maintain my Eleven 
Children, vizt: Elsie and Mary ^Vcndel, begotten by my first wife Marytje 
Jillysse (]\leyer), to which two daughters my Wife is to pay as soon as they 
come to Age, or to be Married, Three Hundred and-forty Beavers, and the 
other njoveables due to them for their Mother's Portion, or Itdieritance, 
according to the Instrument made thereof, which I Will shall take its Elfect 
to all Intents and Purposes, and moreover have an Equal Share of my Estate 
with my Other Children, and also to Bring up. Educate and Maintain my 

254 Ancestry of the Late Jacob WendelL [July, 

Nine Children begotten by Elizabeth, my Present Wife, called Abraham, 
Susanna, Catalvntje, Elizabeth. Johannes, Ephraim, Isaac, Sarah and Jacob 
Wendel, and such other Children as it shall Please God to send me by her^ 
until they shall severally come of Age, or to be Married, but if my Wife 
shall happen to re-marry, then my Will is that she give and Exhibit a Per- 
fect Inventory upon Oath of all the Whole Estate, Real and Personal, which 
is to be apprised by Indifferent and Judicious Men. and Equally Divided, 
one Moiety thereof for the Behoof of my said Eleven Children, which half 
I Will to be Equally Divided among them, or so many of them as shall then 
be alive ; and the other Moiety for my said well-beloved Wife, which Por- 
tions of my said Children she is to keep until they come to Age or be Mar- 
ried, she giving sufficient Security for the same. J3C0l3lt)CTJ, Lauds and 
Houses be also Apprised and Allotted to my Sons, as hereafter is Specilied, 
they being accountable to the Children what the said Lands shall be Valued 
above their Proportion in the Estate, viz*: I do Give and Bequeath to my 
Eldest Son x\braham. and to His Heirs forever, all my Seventh Part of 
the Land commonly Called Saraghtogo, my share being that Farm tiiat lies 
to the Southward of the Fish Creek, so called, wdiich separates the land of 
Robert Livingston and mine, being Bounded on the South by Dirk Wes- 
sel's, with my Proportion of Wood-Land belonging thereunto, alway Pro- 
vided the same Be Apprised by Indiiierent Persons, when he shall come 
to Age or be Married, he paying the surplusage wdiat it be more valued 
than His Portion with the other Children. I do Give and Bequeath unto 
my son Johannes and to his Heirs forever, all my Land commonly Called 
Steen RaUe^ on the East side of Hudson's River, with all the Houses, Barns, 
Yards and other appurtenances, the Island called Walvisch Idand and that 
Belongs to said tract of Land, which is to be Apprised when he comes to 
Age, and if the apprisement amounts to more than his Equal Share in my 
Estate, he is to pay it to my other Children to make them equal. I do 
Give and Bequeath to my Son Ephraim and to His Heirs forever, all my 
Part, Share and Portion of the land Called Bienkenburgh, both at the Strand 
and upon the Flatts or Plains, which is Also to be Apprised, as the other 
Lands above mentioned, and if the apprisement amounts to more than the 
Equal Proportion in said Estate, he is to pay it to my other Children, to 
make them Equal with him. My Will is further, that if any of the said 
Tracts of Land Bequeathed to my Sons aforesaid should happen to be ap- 
prised less than their Portion in the Estate, that so much of the Estate be 
paid to them as to make it up with the rest of the Children. I do Give unto 
my well-beloved Wife, my House which I now live in, situate and being 
between the widow of Jacob Glen and Peter Davidtse Schuyler, which is" to 
be apprised and deducted out of the Moiety of the Estate which she is to 
have; and if she remains a Widow, she is to Keep, Hold, P^njoy and Pos- 
sess the Whole Estate during her Natural Life, and to Give to my said 
Children such Portions an<l Outtitts as she shall see meet when they come 
to Age, or to be Married, and after my Wife's decease the Whole P^state, 
Real and Personal, to be Equally Divided among my Sons and Daughters, 
Excepting that I do give to my P^Idest Son, Abraham, the Sum of Three 
Pounds current money of this Province, besides his Portion with the Rest 
of my Children, wherewith he is to Rest Satisfied of any Pretence that l^e 
might make as my Eldest Son, and share then as the others «]o. and 
whereas I have Onlered my Sons Abraham, Johannes aiid Ephraim, Lan<ls 
for their Portion as above is Expressed, if any of the said Sons should hap- 
pen to Dye before they come to Age, then my Sons Isaac and Jacob are 
to have the same successively on the said condition. 

1882.] Constables. 255 

ILtl.OtiP, I flo Make. Constitute, Ordain and Appoint my dear and well- 
beloved Wife Sole Executrix of this my Last Will and Testament, who is 
to have the Administration of my Goods and Chattels as Administratrix, as 
by the Laws of this Government are Admitted to do. I do iS'omiuate 
and Appoint my beloved brother-in-law M"" Jacob Staets, and M'' Joli: 
Lausingh, to be Tutors and Trustees over my said wife and Children, and 
to Aid and Assist my Wife in the Administration of .said Estate. 

tU <l21litnCSS VUfjCVCOf, I have Hereunto sett my Hand and Seal, in 
Albany, at my Dwelling House, the Day and Year first above written. 


Signed and Delivered in the Presence of 
Barent Lewis, ] 

Gerrit Lansinofh. f 


By Herbert B. Adams. 
[Continued from page 157.] 

^PHE first landing at Plymouth on " Forefather's Day," was 
JL by one of these exploring parties. They found there a good 
harbor for shipping, and they " marched also into the land," and 
found di\«rs Indian cornfields, a deserted Village Mark, with run- 
ning brooks, altogether " a place very good for situation." So the 
explorers, who had been ranging up and down C^ape Cod for more 
than a month, returned to the ]May flower which had been anchored 
all this time in the harbor of Cape Cod, but which sailed into Ply- 
mouth harbor on the 26th of December. On the 28th another 
exploring party '^ went a land " and '' marched along the coast for 
some seven or eight miles." Two days afterward, on the 30th of 
December, which should be forever memorable as the founders' day 
of Plymouth Town and Colony, the Pilgrims, " after landing and 
viewing the places — came to a conclusion by most voices, to set — 
on a high ground, where there is a great deal of land cleared." 
There above the open Mark rose the '' great hill " upon which the 
Pilgrims proposed to plant their " ordinance," so as to command 
the surrounding country. Fort Hill, now called Burial Hill, was a 
natural acropolis, chosen for the defence of the '' town," which was 
to be built beneath its shelter. The whole locality they thought 
could be easily '' impaled." This was the very idea of a Saxon 
Town, from Tun or Zun, a placed hedged in. Plymouth Rock well 
symbolizes, in the popular mind, the landing of the Pilgrims in the 
place of their settlement, although the final disembarkation did not 

256 Constables. [July, 

occur, perhaps, until March 31, 1621 ;* but on Dec. 30th, 1620, the 
real corner-stone of Plymouth and of New England was laid in the 
"conclusion by most voices to set — on a high ground," on the sea- 
ward slope of Fort Hill, which symbolizes the Town-idea of our 
Forefathers, a self-guarded village community, keeping watch and 
ward, and maintaining peace within its borders. There upon that 
acropolis was afterward '' builte a fort with good timber, both 
strong and comly, which was of good defence, made with a Hate 
rofe & batllments, on which their ordnance were mounted, and wher 
they kepte constante watch, espetially in time of danger. It served 
them allso for a meeting house, and was fitted accordingly for that 

It is a noteworthy fact that after the assertion of the democratic 
principle of " most voices," or a majority vote in tlie choice of a site 
for settlement and for the building of a Town, the first institution 
actually planted was of a military character. Before any Church Meet- 
ing or regular Town Meeting on shore, before the Common House 
which first sheltered both was built, the Pilgrims instituted what 
they called "the court of guard. "J This was a night watch set by 
those on shore, Monday, January 4, 1621, from fear of the Indians, 
and for the protection of the products of the Pilgrims' first day's 
labor in felling timber and providing stuff for building. On the fol- 
lowing day all able-bodied men came ashore and resumed their labor, 
but they returned to the ship that night leaving " some twenty to 
keep the court of r/2'.a7xL'' Thus, ever on the alert, the Pilgrims 
proceeded to build their town " in two rows of houses for more 

* 1621, March 21 (3'), '* a fine warm day. — This day with much ado, we qd^ onr carpen- 
ter, that had been long sick of the scurvy, tu tit our shallop to fetch alf from aboard." 
• Young's Chronicles of the Pilgrims, 190. 

It may be that thi^ passage refers solely to movable goods, and not at all to passengers 
j-et on board ; but the Journal of Jan. 29 (Feb. 8) says on that day, •' Both the Ions-boat 
and the shallop lirought our common ^'oods on shore" (see Young, 170). And yet after 
this date we tind Pilgrims still on board, for the Journal of Feb. 4 ( U) says, '• though we 
rid in a very good harbor, yet we were in danger, because cur ship was light, the goods 
taken out and she unballasted " It is probable that some of tlie pilgrim band did not land 
as early as is commonly supposed, for Bradford (92) speaks of ** ^ch^ch ot ye passengers as 
were yet abonl," who showed great kindness to the ■«ailors when they in their turn began 
to fall ill. When the thatch of the Common Hou-e dt>troyc-d iiy tire on the 24th of 
January, Bradford (100) says " some were faine to retire a!)Ord fur shiiter." There was a 
constant going to and fro between ship and .>hore througiiout ttie winter, the men remtiin- 
ing on board fur days during stormy weather. Proijably there never was any general dis- 
embarkation upon Plymouth Rock at any one time, whether on the 2lst of December, 
when the Maytluwer was far away at Cape Cod, or on the 4th of January, according to the 
view advanced by S. H. Gay, in his article in the Atlantic Monthly, November, 1881, 
" When did the Pilgrim Fathers land at Plymouth ?" 

t Bradford, History of Plymouth Plantation, !'26. It is very interesting that the Ply- 
mouth Church was first sheltered in the Common House and afterward in a Fort surmounted 
by six caimon. So fully were the Pilirrims imi)ued with the martial spirit that they actually 
marched to church, assembling " by beat of drum, each with his mn.-ket or tirelock, in front 
of the captain's door." They marched up Fort Hill three abreast. " Behind ci^mes tlie Gover- 
nor, in a long robe; be«ide him, on the right hand, comes the preaciier with his cloak on, 
and on the left the captain with his side-arms and cloak on, and with a small cane in his 
hand, and so they march in irood order, and each sets his arm^ tiown near him. Thus they 
are constantly orii their guard ni;.dit and day." Letter (;f De Ila-;<-rc:<, a Dutch otticer from 
New Netherlands, who visited New Plvmouth in 1G27. -See Collections of New York Hist. 
Society, New Series, i. 362, or llus-eli's Pilirrim Memorials, 143. 

I Young's Chronicles of the Pilgrims, 169. 

1882.] Constables, Tol 

safety." But tlieir first building was a Common House for a " gen- 
eral! randevoze." Here the first Church fleeting on hmd was 
held January 31, 1621. Here was held the first regular Town 
Meeting in New England, February 27, " for the establishing of 
military orders." INliles Standish was chosen Captain, and was given 
"authority of command in affairs."* This was the first strictly local 
election in Xew England. It occurred more than a month before 
the election of Carver as Governor of Plymouth. To be sure Car- 
ver had been " confirmed " Governor on board the ^layflower in 
the harbor at Cape Cod, Xovcmber 21, 1620, immediately after the 
signing of the Compact, but Governors and Assistants had been 
chosen for each ship " to order ye people by ye way,"f before the 
Colony set sail from Southampton. It is true John Carver was actu- 
ally Governor when the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth ; but it is also 
true that Miles Standish was at that time Captain^ and had long been 
recognized as such in the conduct of explorations. The point is, that, 
in the actual foundation of the Colony at Plymouth, the choice of a 
military officer to command in affairs antedated the choice of civil 
oflScers, just as the "court of guard" antedated the General Court 
or Town Meeting, in the strictest meaning of those terms, although 
of course the " common sense of most " was the actual basis even 
of these martial institutions for defence. The solus puhlica was 
the foundation principle of Plymouth as of all civil society. 

Immediately after the election of Standish, the popular assembly 
was broken up by t\\Q appearance of two savages on Strawberry Hill 
or Watson's Hill. The Townsmen armed at once and sent their 
headman. Captain Standish, accompanied by Stephen Hopkins, 
across the intervening Town Brook to parley with the Indians. 
From this time on, for many year j, Captain Standish served as Chief 
Messenger for the Town Meeting, General Court or Folkmoot of 
Plymouth. He was chief spokesman in parleys with the Indians. 
He demanded of the fishermen at Cape Ann the restoration of Ply- 
mouth property. He arrested Morton at ^lerry Blount, and levied 
the expense of sending the rogue back to England upon Cape Ann 
and other local plantations then existing in Xew England. He ar- 
rested Indians and kept them in custody. He protected the life of 
one Indian simply because he was " a messenger," it being against 
^^ the lav} of arms — in Europe to lay violent hands on any such." 
He exercised the right of life and death over Indians beyond Ply- 
mouth borders, for in Massachusetts, at Mr. Weston's feeble planta- 
tion, where certain treacherous sava^^es were plotting the destruction 
of all the settlements, Standish and his men shut up the leaders in a 
cabin and there killed them, '' striving to the last." Other Indians 
were killed or hanged by his orders. He returned home to IMy- 
mouth, says the Pilgrim record, " in safety, blessed be God ! and 

• Young's Chronicles of the Pilgrims, 180. 
t Bradford, Hist, of Plymouth Plantation, 68. 

VOL. XXXY. 23 

258 Constables, [July, 

brouglit die liead ofWltuwamat with him," \Yhich was "brought to 
the fort and there set up." There is something old English about 
this method of procedure. It looks like primitive martial law. 
During the absence of Standish an Indian had come into Town who 
was suspected of being a spy. By order of the Governor he was 
arrested, taken to the Fort, "locked in a chain to a staple in the 
court of guard, and there kept," being told that he must remain con- 
tent "till the return of Captain Standish from ^lassachusetts.'** 

"What shall we call this Captain of Plymouth's Guard, this Keep- 
er of the Town's Fort or Castle, this leader of expeditions, this or- 
ganizer of militia by "squadrons or companies," appointing his own 
officers, holding "a general muster or training, "| this Captain-Gen- 
eral who became in 1645 the head of a military commission appoint- 
ed by the four United Colonies of Xew England, but who still " con- 
descended " X to review the local militia of Plymouth, this ^^larshal 
exercising the right of life and death in the conduct of Indian cam- 
paigns, this ^Martinet of a little village, where the first oftence was 
John Billington's " contempt of the Captain's lawful command with 
opprobrious speeches," the offender being therefor " con vented be- 
fore the whole company — and adjudged to have his neck and heels 
tied together"? § What shall we call the man under whose direc- 
tion all such penalties must have been executed in early Plymouth? 
Surely not a mere Petty Constable, not simply a Captain of the local 
Militia, for he had also authority of command in public affairs. Pie 
was a colonial officer of the martial type, sometimes carrying the 
law in his own person like an ancient Koman praitor, an Earl 
Marshal or a Lord High Constable of England. Let us call Miles 
Standish the first martial representative in Xew England, as Miles • 
of Gloucester was the first representative in Old England, of the 
iron hand of sovereign constabulary power, whence the "lower con- 
etableship was drawn and fetched, — as it were, a ver} finder oi that 

In the year 1632 it w^as ordered by the General Court " in re- 
gard of our dispersion so far asunder, and the inconveniercy that 
may befall," that every inhabitant provide himself a sufficient nuisket 
or other serviceable piece for war, also with ammunition, jj Such 

♦ Standi^h's Expedition against the Indians of Wessagnsset, in Young's Chronicles of 
the Pilgrims, 336-io. The aijove details have ijcen gatiiered from Mourt's Relation and 
from Bradford's History of the Plynionth Plantation. 

t Young's Chronicler of the Pilgrim?, -284. 

j Collections of the Masi^achusctts Historical Society, Second Series, vol. x. 60, " Notes 
on Duxf)nry." 

^ Young's Chronicles of the Pilgrims, 199. This being "the first offence " committed 
in Plymouth, it was pardoned upon the culprit humbling him.-elf; but soon after two ser- 
vants, who had fought a duel, were adjudged to the above Old English penalty, which was 
duly intlicted. John Biilingtoa was after^vard, in 1630, hung for murder, being tried and 
executed by due forms of law. See Hutchinson, Hist, of Ma-s:ichusetts, vol. ii. 413. The 
execution must have been under the supervi-ion of Captain Miles Standish. tor tln-re was, 
at that tim.e, no uthcr High SiiLrilfor Constable in riymouth Colony. The rir-t diii'.ixniia- 
tion of the.-e offices did not occur until IGli. 

II Plymouth Col. Records, i. G.; Laws, 14, 31. For "Public Armcs," see Laws, ol, 105; 
" "I'ownes Armcs," 181. Town Armor! 

1882.] Constahles. 259 

requirements, involving constabulary inspections and the evolution 
of a system of penalties for default in armor, carry us back to the 
anciei>t Statute of Winchester, wliereby every man in the kingdom 
was obliged to have in his house defensive armor for keeping the 
peace; or, to the still earlier Assize of Arms (1181) whereby the 
freemen of every community were to have each a doublet of mail, 
a head-piece of iron, and a spear.* Xew England is linked to Old 
England by an iron chain of martial habits and martial institutions. 
Captain ]\Iiles Standish and the Town Constables of Plymouth Col- 
ony are as much links in this chain connecting the beginnings of our 
Towns with the Parishes of the mother country as if these men had 
come over to New England with the Town Armor and Parish Rec- 
ords of their native hamlets. In fact, the Pilgrims entered New 
England in coats of mail, armed also with the Town idea and the 
Common Law. "There already — ay in the Mayflowers cabin," 
said Rufus Choate, "was representative government. There already 
was the Icc^alized and ors^anized town, that seminarv and central 
point and exemplification of elementary democracy.''! 

By the law of England, the criterion of the existence of a Parish 
or Township is the presence of a local Constable. It is worth while 
to apply this criterion to a study of the genesis of Towns and Par- 
ishes in Xew England. "We do not suppose that this has always been 
a conscious standard for legislative action in the recognition of towns 
or for the actual determination of Town or Parish units, but w^e 
claim that without a Constable, or some power representin^f the cor- 
porate responsibility of the community for the preservation of the 
local peace, a Town would be an impossibility. There have been 
Towns in Xew England without Selectmen, without Ministers, with- 
out a Cluu'ch or a Common School, but there never was a Town 
without a Constable. lie is the sine qua non of an organized Par- 
ish or Township, and that by the authority of the Common Law, 
than which there is no greater authority in the history of English 
institutions. ]\Iiles Standish was practically the first Constable of 
Plymouth. He was the first officer chosen with "command in 
affiiirs." There is no evidence of the existence of any other Consta- 
ble at Plymouth until Jan. 1, 1(334, when Joshua Pratt was "cho- 
sen to the office of messenger and constable for Plymouth, and sworne 
to faithfalncs in the same. "J The Constable of Plymoutli in his ca- 
pacity of ^Iesscn2:er, appears to have been a kind of lli'j^h Sheriff. In 
1637 we find a Plvmouth man sworn ^lessen jrer for the whole Gov- 
ernment and Constable for the Town of Plymouth. The duties of 
Messenger, according to the earliest law upon tlie subject, were to be 
ready at the Governor's command or any of the Assistants' warning, 
" to doe such service as shall be appointed for the good of the seve- 

• Stiibbs's Select Charters. 1.34. 

t Life and Writing's of Rufiis Choafc, i. 385. 

+ Plymouth Col. Records, i. 21. 

260 Constables, [July, 

ral Colonies,* within this Government," and to be esteemed a pub- 
lic officer for the execution of warrants in any part thereof. The 
use of the plural form " Colonies " as synonymous with Towns or 
Plantations witliin the Government of Plymouth, is curious and sug- 
gestive. As Constable for tlie special " ward " of Plymouth, this 
officer was to have charu^e of the re^-ion from Jones's Piver south- 
ward, as far as any inhabit. He was to serve as " Jaylor to 
keep sucli as shall be committed." He w^as to execute punishment 
and penalties, and to give warning of marriages approved by civil 
authority. He was furthermore to act as Sealer of Weights and 
Measures, and as Surveyor of land, according to government orders. 
In his oath the ^leesenger swore loyalty to the King, and promised 
to promote " the welfare of the severall Colonies w*"in this Gov- 
ernment of New Plymouth," and as ^'Constable in the ward of 
New Plymouth," to see that his Majesty's peace be not broken. f 
Here, therefore, in the hands of one local officer, we see a bundle of 
powers derived from the Petty Constable of the English Parish, the 
High Constable of the Hundred, and the High Sheriff of the 

On the very day Joshua Pratt was chosen Constable and Messen- 
ger for Plymouth, Christopher AVadsworth was "chosen constable for 
the ward of bounded between Jones River & Green's Harbour, and 
to serue the King in that office for the space of one whole yeare & 
to enter upon the place w^ith the Gov*" elect. "J In like manner and 
at the same tin^e, Anthony Annable was chosen Constable ft>r the 
Ward of Scituate. The omission of the name Duxbury in the first 
instance is interesting, for the omission implies that the locality 
bounded by Jones's Piver and Green's Harbor was literally a Ward 
of Plymouth, although there can be no doubt as to the identity of 
the place with Duxbury, which name, according to Justin Winsor, 
was bestowed in compliment to Standish, who settled in the above 
re;2:ion, and whose ancestral acres in England were knowm as Dukes- 
berry. "As early as 1630," says Winsor, "for facilities of pastur- 
age and better planting, lands had been occupied in Duxbury, the 
people returning to Plymouth in the winter for better housing and 
ease of attending worship. "'§ In the Plymouth Colony Pecords, 
under the date 1G32, we find a formal agreement on the part of 
Captain Standish, John Alden, Jonathan Brewster and Thomas 
Prince, to move back into Plymouth for the winter time, in order 
that tliey may the better repair to the worship of God.|| In 1634 
" a palisade was ordered to be made beyond the creek at Eagle's 
Kest, where Standish, Brewster and Paybody lived, "^ and that same 
year a Constable's Ward was instituted in the above district. 

• Plvmouth Law<!, 18. f Ibid, 19. 

1 PIvnioutli C(-l. Records, i. 21. 

$ Winsor, Hi-tdrical Account of Plvmouth Colony and County, 5, in Plymouth County 
Atla-s G. H. Wiilkcr & Co., Boston, 1S78. 
jj Plymouth Col. Rtconl?. Boc^k of Deeds, 6. 
If Collections of Mass. Hist. Soc, Second Series, x. 68. 

1882.] Constables. 2G1 

The term "Ward," first used in desii^nating Diixbnrv as a civic 
unit, is a very important connecting link between the Parish insti- 
tutions of Old and New England. Wards are familiar enough in 
modern city politics, but historically City Wards were derived from 
Hundreds, each AVard being under a Ilundredes Enldor of Alder- 
rtiayinns Hinidreti^ and each AVard having subdivisions called 
Tithings or Precincts.''* But Old English Parishes had also their 
AVards and Precincts, which were often synonymous with Vills or 
Townships. The Parish AVard was simply a Constable's Beat or 
District. The term AVard is derived from the Saxon Weard or 
Guard, and is closely connected with the ancient system of AVatch 
and AVard, from which our modern police system has evolved. Both 
AVatch and AA^ard were under the direction of a local Tithingman 
or Constable. The AA^ard was kept by day and the Watch by night. 
By the Assize of Arms (1252), for enforcing AVatch and AVard, 
there were to be appointed in every A^ill or Parish four or six men, 
according to the size of the place, who should watch throughout the 
night from sunset to sunrise, and if any stranger attempted to pass 
them, they were to arrest and detain him until the morning, when, 
if he could give a good account of himself, he was set free, but if 
he proved a suspicious character, he was handed over to the Tun 
Gerefa or Town Constable. If strangers would not allow them- 
selves to be arrested, the aforesaid watchman levied the Hue and 
Cry upon them, that is, they raised the Town and pursued the fugi- 
tives with shouts and cries from Parish to Parish, until they were 
finally captured, cum clamore et hutesio (Hue and Cry) de villa 
in villain, do7iec capiantur.-\ 

The ancient Plymouth records contain frequent allusion to " those 
on Duxborrough Side." In old English usage, a ^' Syde " was 
something more than the name would seem to imply : it was a dis- 
trict, an outlying quarter of the Town or Parish, but frequently an 
organic part of the same, like Fulham Syde of Fulham Parish. The 
Syde had its Sydeman,:t whose duties were much the same as those 
of a Tithingman or Petty Constable. A Syde without a local oflOicer 
was only a geographical idea. A Sydeman made the place a civic 
community. The term Side is not uncommon in the Towns of Xevv 
England ; for example. East Side in the Town of AVoburn. The name 
frequently occurs as the designation of a particular neighborhood as 
lying on this or that side of the Town, just as we say "Xorth End" 
or "North Part." Vills, like Sides in New England, are frequently 

* Palgrave, English Commonwealth, i. 200 ; Thorpe, Ancient Laws and Institutes of 
Enrrland, ii., Glossary, " Hunrlredes Ealdor." Accordinir to Smhbs, in the North of Eng- 
land " the shires are divided into Wardi, and to the south into Hundreds." Const. Hist. 

t Stuhbs's Select Charters, 371. See al?o Statute of Winchester. 1285, for similar regula- 
lations concerning Wateli and Wunl, Stuhli^'s Select Charters, 473-4, 

X In the 4 Jac. I., Cii[). v., we find penalties procribcd lor the repression of drunkenness, 
and the presentment of otlenders is made one of ti;e duties of " Coiistai^les, Churchward- 
ens, Headboroughs, Tithingmen, Alecunners and Sydemen." 

VOL. XXXYI. 23* 

262 Constables, [July, 

mere localities -without any orfranic life, although the Vill ia usually 
more personal, for example, A'e Z/o-y^v ill e, whereas the Side is more 
geographical, taking its name usually from some point of compass. 
But a Side or a Vill without a Constable has no civic existence in 
the Common Law. 

We must regard Duxbury Side as a Vill or Parish of Phniiouth 
until June 7, 1(337, wlien it was recognized as an independent, self- 
governing "township "* by the General Court. A church, or chapel 
of easement, was established on Duxbury Side as early as 1632, but 
the existence of a Church does not constitute a Parish according to 
the Common Law. The Parish is a civil institution both in origin 
and history. The only fact which gave Duxbury, in 1634, a legal 
existence as a Vill or Parish within the Town or larger Parish of 
Plymouth was the election in a Plymouth Town Meeting of a Con- 
stable for that Ward. As a Church-society Duxbury enjoyed nei- 
ther unity nor pastoral headship for several years after her first set- 
tlement. Many of her leading citizens continued to attend church 
at Plymouth, and there was no regular minister in Duxbury until 
1636.f But the presence or settlement of a minister does not make 
a Parish. In point of law and in point of fiict, however, Duxbury 
was a Parish unit from the moment Christopher Wadsworth was cho- 
sen Constable for a Wardj of Plymouth bounded by Jones Eiver 
and Green's Harbor. 

For several years after 1634 Constables for the Wards of Duxbury 
and Scituate continued to be chosen in Plymouth Town ^Meeting. 
For instance, it was agreed January 1, 1635, that Christopher 
Wadsworth and Anthony Annable, Constables of Duxbury and Scit- 
uate, should continue in their places another year.§ The practice 
of electing Constables in the presence of all the freemen of the colo- 
ny appears to have gone on for several years after the recognition 
of Duxbury and Scituate as independent self-governing Towns, but 
we are inclined to suspect that, from the very beginning of constab- 
ulary elections, the candidate was nominated by the neighborhood 
or precinct which he was appointed to govern. In 1645 we find 
" constables chosen by the severall townships and presented to this 
court and sworn."|| Plymouth and Scituate then had two Consta- 
bles each; Duxbury, Sandwich, Marshfield, Barnstable, Yarmouth, 

• Plymouth Col. Records, i. 62. Cf. ii. 31, for an interesting case where " eich side of the 
tO'wne, viz. the Eele Kiuer and Joames Riuer shall for eich side bring six musketts vf^^ 
fihott, pouder, and the towne of Plymouth other six euery Lord's day to tlic meeting with 
their swords and furniture to euerv piece, ready for service if need require." 

t Clark, Historical Sketch of the Congregational Churches in Masiachusetts, 15. ^Vin- 
sor, History of Duxbury, 171. 

X The use of the term " Ward " for a germinant town was very general throughout Ply- 
mouth Colony. Constables were always sworn to serve in such and such a Ward (Laws, 
10), always corresponding to a local settlement or Plantation ; for example, "the ward of 
Barnstable (Plym. Col. Hec, i. 137). One of the most interesting cases is the " Ward of the 
River Kennebecke " (iii. -OOj, the Pilgrim trading-post. This ward wa5 something like the 
Constables' Beats along the rivers of Alabama. 

^ Plymouth Col. Records, i. 32. |] Ibid, U. 83. 

1882.] Constables. 263 

Taunton, Relioboth, each one Constable. In 1652 the Constables 
of Sandwich, Yarmouth and Eastham were allowed " to be sworne 
at home."* Thus gradually the Towns of Plymouth Colony settled 
back into old English Parish usages of electing and qualifying their 
own Petty Constables, just as these same towns gradually became 
known under good old English names, although for the most part 
planted in old Indian localities, and at first designated as such. 

The process of reproducing the Parish institutions of the mother 
country could not have been entirely an unconscious one with the 
settlers of Plymouth Colony. Constabulary oaths expressing loy- 
alty to the King prove that the colonists still felt themselves Eng- 
lish subjects and under the sovereignty of English law. The cor- 
respondences between the local institutions of Plymouth and those of 
old England, are too striking to admit of other interpretation than 
conscious imitation. In the prefaces to their Law books, the Ply- 
mouth legislators confess that they did not reject such of the laws of 
their native country " as would conduce vnto the good and grouth of 
soe weak a begining — as any Impartiall eye Not forstaled with pre- 
judice may ezely deserne.''t The Plymouth lawgivers even re-insti- 
tuted Tithings for the government of the Indians by a system of 
Frank Pledge. As the conquered Saxons, living under Norman 
lords, were held to right in their own villages by a system of Ten- 
mentale under their own elected Tithino:men, so the Indian villarjers 
were bound to keep the peace in groups of ten, each group under 
the charge of an Indian Tithingman, whose duty it was to " take 
the mspection, care, and oversight of his nine men and present theire 
faults [and] Misdemenors to the overseer, "^i who was appointed by 
the Governor. The white overseer and the Indian Tithingmen ap- 
pointed Indian Constables, holding office for a year, whose duty it 
was to attend the courts kept among the Indians for the purpose of 
" ciuilliseing "§ them,^and to execute the warrants of the Overseer. If 
an Indian servant of a white man ran away into an Indian neigh- 
borhood, the Indians with whom he took refuge were bound by law 
to give immediate " notice of the said Kunaway to the Indian Con- 
stable who shall imediatly apprehend such Indian servant ; and 
cany him or her before the Overseer or next Majestrate, whoe shall 
cause such servants to be whipt ; and sent home by the Constable to 
his or her master whoe shall pay said Constable for his service." || 

It was required by law that " in every Constablerick there be a 
paire of stocks and a whipping post erected. Also a cage wV shall 
be of competent strength to detaine a prisoner, & these to be erected 
in such places as shall be thought meet by the severall neighbor- 
hoods where they concerne, vpon the penalty of X s. for any towne- 

♦ Plymouth Col. Records, iii. 8. f Ibid, Laws, 72. 

1 Ibid, 2.53. 

f Ibid, 2.39. Courts were held also among the Indians of Massachusetts. Mass. Col. 
Bee, ij. 188. 
I Ibid, 255. 

264 Constables. [July, 

ship w^^ shalbe clefectiue herein."* Such local institutions as the 
Town Cage,t the Parish Stocks, the Whipping Post, and a Consta- 
ble to superintend wliippings, cannot be explained as indigenous to 
New England, for they are the common inheritance of all English 
colonies in America. One Parish custom in particular clearly allies 
the Towns of Plymouth Colony with Old English Parishes, and that 
is the method of dealing with Tramps. By a law of lt}61, reenacted 
in 16G3, it was ordered by the General Court of Plymouth, that 
"if any person or persons shall come into this Gouvernment, that 
according to the law of England may justly be accounted vaga- 
bonds ; the Jlarshall or the Constable of the Towne wherevnto they 
come, shall apprehend him or them ; and vpon examination soe ap- 
peering ; hee shall whip them or catise them to be whipt with rodds ; 
soe as it exceed not fifteen stripes ; and to give him or them a passe 
to depart the Gouvernment, and if any such person or persons shal- 
bee found without theire passe ; or not acteing according therevnto 
they shalbee punished again as formerly.''* 

The above regulation was first revived at Plymouth, not by Stat- 
ute but as a part of English law, for as early as 1(341 we find that 
Jonathan Hatch was taken as a vagrant, and for his misdemeanors 
was censured to be whipt, & sent from constable to constable to 
Leiftennant Davenport at Salem. ''§ How minutely this procedure 
corresponded with old English Parish usage may be seen by exam- 
ination of Lambard's Duties of Constables, where it is said to be 
incumbent upon the Constable, Headborough, or Tithingman of the 
Hundred, Parish or Tithing, to arrest every Rogue and publicly 
whip him upon the bare back until it be bloody, and then send him 
from Parish to Parish, by the ofticers of the same, until the Pogue 
come to the place where he was born ; but if that place is not known, 
then to the Parish where the Pogue last dwelt for a whole year ; 
and if that also is unknown, then to the Parish through which the 
Kogue last passed without receiving a flogging. || Such a vigorous 
policy would probably exterminate the modern Tramp. 

The law against vagabonds was applied with considerable severity 
to strolling Indians. It was enacted by the General Court that no 
Indian should remove from one place or '' ])lantation " to another 
without a permit in writing from his " overseer," declaring whither 
he was ^roin^r, for what reason, and how lorn; he was o^oinf^ to stav. 
If any Indian was found without his pass, he was arrested by the 
Constable of the place into which he came, taken before "the next 
overseer," who made the Indian pay a fine of five shillings " or be 

• Plymouth Col. Rocord'J. La-rs, p. 11, 95 circa 1G36. 

t Cages were set up in the market places of the larger towns in Maesachusetts. Mass. 
Rec, V. 133. 

+ Plymouth Col. Records, Laws, 206. 

{ Plymouth Col. Reconl.s, ii.3G. 

I Lamt)ard, Duties of Constables, 4-5-G. Compare with Lambard's Eirenarcha, 204. The 
English Statutes arc full of legislation regarding Rogues, Vagabonds, and Sturdy Beggars, 
e. g. 7 James I. cap. 4. 

1882.] . Cofisiables. 265 

■whipt and sent home to liis owne place." If there was no local 
"overseer" of Indians in the place whither the vagabond came, then 
"the English Constable inthatTowne " discharged the above office.* 
If Indians were found drunk in any " Township," they were taken 
by " the Constable of the Towne and sett in the stockes.''f By ano- 
ther law, the penalty for the first offence was five shillings " or be 
whipt;" for the second, ten shillings "or be whipt; and soe for 
euery time any of them shalbe convicted of drunkenes before any 
Court, Majestrate, ouerseer, tithingman or English Constable. ''J 
The judicial functions of old English Parish officers are here revived. 
It is noteworthy that the first Selectmen of Plymouth Colony had 
judicial duties. 

The close connection between Petty Constables and Tithingmen 
in Plymouth Colony is evident from the coexistence of these institu- 
tions in the regulation of Indian Tithings and Indian villages, and 
from the fact that, in early Plymouth Towns, Constables discharged 
the Sunday duties, which, in later times, were usually associated 
with the office of Tithingman, although, as we have elsewhere 
shown, § the Tithingman in early New England was by no means 
a mere Sunday Constable or ecclesiastical whipper-in, but the 
head-man of a neighborhood of at least ten families^ as in Saxon 
England. From the laws of Plymouth Colony we learn that great 
abuses had arisen in sundry Towns by reason of certain persons be- 
having themselves profanely on the Lord's day, staying out of 
Meeting, playing, jesting, and sleeping in the vicinity of the Meet- 
ing House. The Constables were instructed to take notice of such 
persons and to "sett them in the stockes." The Constables were also 
to prevent " vnessesary violent ryding on the Lord's day."jl All 
these peculiar customs originated, not with the Pilgrims or Puri- 
tans, but in the Parislies of Old England. 

The reproduction of constabulary institutions in the Massachusetts 
Colony we cannot notice in detail, but the process was immediate, 
and even more perfect than in Plymouth Colony. At the third 
Court of Assistants held at Charlestown September 28, 1G30, John 
"Woodbury was chosen Constable of Salem, and Thomas Stoughton 
Constable of Dorchester. At a Court held three weeks later, Con- 
stables were appointed for Charlestown, Roxbury and Watertown.^ 
It is not likely that these colonial appointments were anything more 
than the confirmation of existing ofiicers and of candidates presented 

• Plvmoutb Col. Records. Laws, 254. 

t Ibid, 140. : Ibid, 253. 

6 " Tithingmen." Prociedintrs of American Antiquarian Society, New Ser., toI. i. Part 3. 

J] Plymouth Col. Records, I^iws, 214, 224. Compare the Sunday duties of Plymouth 
Constables with those of the Salem Constahie.'', see extract from MS^ Town Records, 1676, 
in OsfTood and Bar>helder, Sketch of Salem, 17: " three constables are to be at the three 
great (lo<>rs«f the nieeiin;-'-houxc and allow none to go out till all the exercises are tinished. 
All the boys are to sit on the three pair of stairs in the meeting-house, including those of the 
pulpit. One constable is to keep tlie dogs out of the meeting-house." This office reminds 
ns of the Dog-Whipper in English Parishes. 

H Mass. Col. Rec, i. 76, 79. 

266 Constables. [July, 

by a local constituency. John T\'oodbury, who "did now [in 1G30] 
take the oath of a constable/' was the old planter who had been 
sent as messenger to England in 1G26 by Koger Conant and his 
companions. In 1628, before Captain Endicott came over, old 
Naumkeag had levied a local tax* of £1 10 shillings, in payment 
of an assessment made by Plymouth colony for the expenses incur- 
red by Captain Miles Standish in arresting Morton at Merry IMount 
and in sendins^ the rog^ue back to En2:land. Who more likely to 
have collected and paid over this tax than faithful John Woodbury ? 
In 1629 Gov. Endicott received orders from the Massachusetts 
Company to " appoint a carefidl and dilligent overseer to each fami- 
ly. "f "With the adoption of this system, which is the first approach 
in New Ens^land to the old Emzlish svstem of Tithino^men, it is 
highly probable that some one family overseer should have had su- 
perior authority over all the rest, just as did the ^'overseer " appoint- 
ed by the Governor of Plymouth colony, over the Indian Tithing- 
men throughout Plymouth towns. Governor Endicott was distinctly 
instructed J by the Massachusetts Company to look into the work- 
ings of his government by families, and, if need be, to make an 
example of offenders ; " otherwise," said the Company, " your 
government wilbe esteemed as a scarcrow." Correction, they 
added, was ordained for the fool's back. As a wholesome warning 
to offenders, " a house of correction " was to be instituted. Endi- 
cott had authority to inflict punishment according to the nature of 
the offence and the laws of England. Public whippings and com- 
mitment to a lock-up or house of correction imply the existence of a 
Constable. When, therefore, we find Captain Endicott at the Court 
of Assistants, September 28, 1630, nominating John Woodbury as 
Constable for Salem, we are inclined to think it was merely for tlie 
sake of confirmation under the new government, and that John 
Woodbury was already quite familiar with constabulary duty. 

Let us now sum up in brief the more important functions of Petty 
Constables as reinstituted in New England. The following enu- 
meration is drawn from the laws of the ^lassachusetts Colony, but 
what w^as true of the localinstitutions of that Colony is true to a great 
extent of other New England Colonies. Every one of the following 
duties has its Old English prototype : a Constable had power to 
" whipp & punish " or to provide for the same ; to send or convey 
persons " from connstable to connstable ; " to '' speede away all hues 
& crys " against thieves, robbers, murderers, manslayers, peacebreak- 
ers, on penalty of forty shillings in capital cases ; to a})prehend with- 
out warrant all persons "overtaken with drinckc," all profane 
swearers, Sabbath breakers, vagrants, night-walkers ; to search for 

♦ Morton, New Encrland's Memorial (ed. 1826), 142; Gov. Bradford's Letter Book, 1G24- 
30, in Collections of Mass. Ili.^t. Soc, l=t series, vol. 3, p. G3. 
t Mass. Col. Kec, i. 400. 
X Massachusetts Col. Records, i. 393, 397, 400, 401, 405. 

1882.] Constables. 267 

such persons in suspected or disorderly places and in houses licensed 
to sell beer or wine ; not to apprehend by order of magistrate with- 
out a warrant ; to warn any person to assist him, and none to refuse 
on penalty of ten shillings ; to " carry his black staffe " in execution 
of his office that none may plead ignorance ; to take notice of '* com- 
mon coasters, vnprofitable fowlers, c^ other idle persons, & tobacco 
takers — and of such as harbor any young people, children, servants, 
apprentices, students or schoUers,*' without hastening them to their 
respective employments ; to aid custom house officers in the search 
for wines, by breaking open cellars, &c. ; to levy all fines and 
" gather all toune rates ; " to clear accounts with the " countrje Tre- 
surer ;" to register in a book all lost goods or strays and to cry the 
same at " tliree generall toune meetings or lectures ; " to present the 
names of all persons refusing " to watch & ward ;" to begin " the 
constables w-tch " annually on the first of May and not give over 
nntil the last of September : to see that the watch be of " sufficijent 
able men, Sz not youths ; " to secure or commit " any inhabitant or 
stranger after tenne of the clocke at night, behaving themselves de- 
boist,"* and not giving a good account of themselves to "ye con- 
stable or watchman," the Constable to carry tliem before a magis- 
trate the next morning ; to provide " at the tonnes charge " all 
weights and measures required by law for "toune standards," and, 
upon warrant from tlie " toune sealer " to warn all inhabitants to 
bring in their weights and measures to be tried and sealed ; to serve 
all attachments as may be directed in any civil case ; to " warne the 
freemen of theire toune in the 2d week of March annually to mete 
together ; " to make return under their hand of the names of depu- 
ties ; to pay the Marshal General three pence out of every attachment 
that may be served ; to execute warrants for the choice of jurymen, 
and to warn the persons chosen ; in case of the untimely or unnatu- 
ral death of any person, to "summon a jury of twelve discreete 
men " to inquire into the cause and manner of the death ; to give 
warning unto the inhabitants of their town of husbands living 
apart from tlieir wives ; not to refuse the office of a Constable being 
orderly chosen thereto under penalty f of five pounds, and if in 
Boston, ten pounds; "in case of any servants running from theire 
master, or inhabitants going privily away, with suspition of the in- 
tention, in ye absence of a magistrate, the connstable and two of the 
cheife inhabitants is to presse men, boates and pinnaces, at the pub- 
lique charge, to pursue such persons by sea or land, & bring them 

* Deboist, perhaps from the past participle of "debosh," an old English corruption of 
debauch, to lie found in Beaumont and Fletcher. 

t In Old Ent^latid penalties were everywhere in vo;2;uc for refusinpf local offices. Lam- 
bard gives aljundant examples. It was regarded as a duty for the best men in tliu Farisli to 
serve in the otfice of Constable, and that l»y a svstcm of rotation, not indeed fur the .*ake of 
spoil, but in order that the burden of the oilk-e mit,dit be shared by all. Wc have as yet 
found no Engli-h precedent for the town policy of Ashbv, Ma>s., which from Ibll to 1S35, 
sold the oflice of Constable to the liiLrhest bidder. Sec' Drake, S. A., Hist, of Middlesex 
County, i. 22.5. And yet military offices used to be sold in England. 

268 Constables* [July, 

backe by force of armes ; " to inform the Court of all new comers 
who settle themselves without license.* 

This remarkable list of duties, which we have given in the very 
language of the original laws, comprises, together with the control of 
Plighways and Bridges, the chief substance of constabulary duty in 
early New England. By comparing this list with that given in the 
Humphrey manuscript-warrants of constabulary duty issued in Old 
England, it will be seen that the early English institution was repro- 
duced in every essential detail. f The original object of Massachu- 
setts in proclaiming its constabulary law was that " each connsta- 
ble may vnderstand his duty." The object of the English warrants 
was to give the '' Articles to be diligently enquired of — by the Petty 
Constable & Tithingmen in euery parish, town, & hamlet." This 
spirit is very different from the degenerate conception of Constables 
entertained by Blackstone, who says of constabulary power, "con- 
sidering what manner of men are for the most part put into these 
offices, it is perhaps well that they are generally kept in ignorance." 
Our Forefathers in Ens^land and New Emrland made their best men 
Constables and Captains of ^Militia, and clothed both offices with 
dignity and honor. Historically the one office is as honorable as 
the other, for Constables and Commanders of the ]\Iilitia were in 
ancient times one and the same. Militia Captains represent more 
fully perhaps the survival of the original constabulary spirit, the 
idea of armed force, which is the foundation and defence of all civil 

• But Constables, in their civil capacity, are also cases of historic 
survival. Every one of the powers enumerated above, however 
ignorant the modern Petty Constable may be of their full signifi- 
cance, links the communal life of to-day to its Old English be- 
ginnings. Every item of constabulary duty is an assertion of a fun- 
damental principle in civil society, the sovereignty of the communi- 
ty, of the salus ^9Z((^//ca, over the individual. The Constable rep- 
resents the organized force of the State or Commonwealth. The 

* Mass. Col. Record^, iv. Part I., 324-27. Cf. ii. 150-1. See also Lan-s of the Colony and 
Province of Massachusetts Bay (1814), 82-81-, and the recent edition of the Acts and Re- 
solves of the Province of Massachusetts Bav, under ** Constables." Public Statutes of 
Massachusetts (1882), "Constable." We have examined the Cf^lonial Records ot Con- 
necticut, the New Haven Colonial Records, and the Records of the Colony of Rhode Isl- 
and and Providence Plantatiims, as well as those of Plymouth Colony, but have no where 
found so complete an exhibition of constabulary dutyas that given "in the first citation of 
the Col. Records of Massachusetts. In the lastedition of the Public Statutes of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts (1882) may be found certain cases of survival, such as the 
power of requirinj^ aid in cases of escape (217, 239), and the duty of enforcing the law 
against Sabbath-breaking and i)rofane swearing. 

t For other means of comparison l^etween constabulary duty in Xew En^rland and Old 
England, see Larabard's *' Duties of Constables," and Wilcox's *' Office of Constable, com- 
prising the laws relating to High, Petty and Special Constables, Headboroutrhs, 'litiiing- 
men, BorshoMers and Watchmen, with an account of their in.>titutlons and appointment." 
This is an English l>ook, leased upon Lambard and published about l.'S27, republi^hed in 
Philadelphia, in 1840, by John S. Littell, in the 5f)-called " Law Lil*rary." There are >ome 
interesting remarks upon Constables in The Xi/ied'enth Century, Feb. 1881. by Heniy A. 
Blake, on "The Irish Police." He says, " Everything in Ireland, from the muzzling of a 
dog to the suppression of a rebellion, is done by the Irish constabulary." 

1882.] Constahhs. 269 

entire strength of the People, the whole wei_<]:ht of the Common Law, 
the accumulated force of civic experience and institutional history, may 
be broup^ht to bear in the restraint of violence and in the keeping of 
the public peace by constabulary power. Consider what was rep- 
resented by the " black staffs " which the Constables of early Xew 
England carried in the execution of their othce, that none might 
plead ignorance. It was a black statT, ''about five foote, or five & 
a halfe foote long, tiped at ye upper end, about five or six inches, 
with brasse."* This Tipstafie was something like the Black Rod 
still borne by the Gentleman Usher of the English Parliament, when 
he taps at the door of the House of Commons and summons them 
to the bar of the House of Lords. The black staff of the Xew Eng- 
land Constable was " provided by ye towne "' as a symbol or badge 
of office. AVe find mention of the Black Staff in the Town Records 
of Salem and Groton.f What did this emblem signify historically? 
It meant the approach of royal authority or of the sovereignty of the 
Commonwealth. Among the East Saxons it was customary, once 
a year, to carry the Wardstatf of the King, which represented his 
person, from Hundred to Hundred, from Manor to ]\Ianor, and from 
Parish to Parish, as a token of the entrance of the King's peace. 
Wherever the Staff came, borne by the Bailitf of Ongar Hundred, 
tenants and land-owners kept watch with the sacred emblem over 
night " until the sunne arrising," so that " the King be harmless and 
the countree scatheless." In the morning the Lord of the Town or 
Manor repaired to the Wardstatf, and, in the presence of all the 
Watch, scored thereon a notch as a token of loyal service done that 
year. Then the Staff was delivered again to the Bailiif and sent on 
to the Lord of the next Town or ^Nlanor, with a message in verse 
called the "Tale of the Wardstaffe," ending with these words ; 

" Sir, bv leave, take this Staffe, 

This is the Tale of the Wardstafife," 
And thus through all the Towns and Hundreds of Essex, the 
willow staff was borne until it came to Atte Wode, where it was 
thrown into the sea.:j: With some such ceremony perhaps the Con- 
stable's Tipstaflfe was early associated as symbolizing the presence 
of the King. Possibly the local keepers of the King's peace simply 
touched the Wardstatf with their own staves, thus deriving a certain 
measure of royal authority. It was certainly the custom in the Hun- 
dreds or Wapentakes of the Xorth of England for the chief men of 
the district to recognize the authority of the Hundredman by touchin": 

• Mass. Records, ii. 151 ; iv. Part T. 325. Constables " acting from their onne authority " 
were required by law to take with tlietn their black staves in the execution of tlioir office ; 
but wh. n armed with a warrant, they mi^lit carry their Tip-tatfe or not, as they pleased, 
see V. 29. Items concerninLr the u«e of tliis ancient emblem may slUo be found in the Acta 
and Resolves of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, e . g. i. lo-5. ' 

t Salem Town RccordM Historical C(;ilections of E-sex Institute, Second Series, vol. i. 
147 : " two blackstanes of >ixe foot long or thereabout be provided for ye Constables, & Ed : 
Batter to speak to tfran; Perrv to haue them m:ide." S. A. Green, Early Records of (Jro- 
ton, 19: Item " toe black '•tatfc 3 G." 

J Palgruve, English Commonwealth, ii. clviii.-clxiL, " Tale of the Wardstaflf." 

TOL. XXXV. 24: 

270 Constables. [July, 

his lance with their own weapons in a public assembly.* If we may 
believe Herbert Spencer, tlie idea of royal sceptres developed from 
the chieftain's spear, and " the spears borne by subordinates, sym- 
bolizing their deputed authority, gradually champed into staves of 
office, batons of conmiand, and wands. ''f Tlie Old English Tip- 
stafFe was tlie legal badge of office for both Constables and Tithing- 
men in the Massachusetts Cok)ny. In the Plymouth Towns every 
Constable was required by law to have " a constables staffis '' to distin- 
guish him in the discharge of his office, and to be delivered to his 
successor as a symbol of the transfer of power.! These Tipstaves 
have continued in use in many Xew England Towns down to a very 
recent date. ^Ve remember to have seen within a few years at Am- 
herst Colleije Commencements, held in the old Parish Meetinor 
House, a force of special Constables employed to scat the ** congre- 
gation," and bearing black staves as an emblem of their official au- 
thority. An aesthetic transformation of ancient custom may be seen 
at Smith College Commencements, Northampton, where young 
ladies acting as ushers carry tasteful wands, tipped, not with brass, 
but with ribbon, and where the only vestige of constabulary duty 
is a male professor, who stands on guard. 

Perhaps the most remarkable feature of ancient constabulary power 
as perpetuated in Xew England down to the present day, is the pow- 
er to "speede away all hues & crys ''§ against thieves, robbers, mur- 
derers, and breakers of the public peace." This power connects New 
Eno:land Towns most intimately, not onlv with Old Enixlish Parishes 
but with Saxon Village Communities. In the early middle ages 
the Hue and Cry wag a terrible means of executing justice. It let 
loose an entire village, like a pack of wolves, in pursuit of an out- 

* Laws of Edward the Confessor, xxx. (Thorpe, Ancient Laws and Institutes of Enij- 
land, i. 4.>5). Everwicht"^cire. Nicholescire, Notingehamsciie, Leicestrescire, Norhamtun- 
escire, et usque ad Watli!)!ze-trete, et viii. milliaria ulrra Watlingestrete, sub lene An- 
gloruin. Et quod alii vocant hundrcduin, supradicti comitatus vocant wat'cntagium, et 
hoc non sineaiusa: cum euim aliquis accipiebat prcfecturaui wapentagii, die constitute, 
conveniebant omnes m;ijores contra eum in loco ubi soliti erant cougregari, et, dcsccndente 
eo de cquo suo, omnes assur^rebant contra eum, et ipse eriirei^at lanceam suam in altum, et 
omnes de lanceis suis tangebani hastam ejus, et sic confirmabant sc sibi. Et de amiis, quia 
arraa vocant wappa, et taccare, quod est confirmare. 

t Herbert Spencer, Ceremonial Institution'^, 177. In Hazlirt's edition of Blonnt's Ten- 
ures of Land and Customs of Manors, p. 80, is a very curious alIu>ion to the Tithingman's 
wand. "The Titliingman of Combe Keynes is obliged to do suit at Wmfrith-court ; and 
after repeating the following incoherent 'lines, pays threepence, and goes out without say- 
ing another word : 

With my white rod, 

And I am a fourth post, 

That threepence makes three, 

God bless the King and the lord of the franchise ; 

Our weights and our measures are lawful and true, 

Good-morrow, Mr. StcwanJ ; I have no more to say to you. 
On default of any of the-e particulars the court leet of Combe is forfeited." 
X Plymouth Colony Uecords, Laws, 122 ; Brigham's edition o* Plymouth Laws 
(18'56), 2G6. " Every Constable shall have a Black Statfe tipped with" Bras.-e, as a 
Badge of his office, which as he hath opporturiitv, he shall take with h\n\ when he 
goeth to discharge any part of his (jihce, yet nc^twitliatandimr, the want of his !-tatfe shall 
not hinder him from executing his otiice in any kindc, if occasionally he be without it, nor 
exempt any from assi-ting liim therein tliatmay know him to \k the Constable." 
J Mass. Col. Records, iv. Part I. 324. 

1882.] Constables. 271 

law or fugitive. Every man called upon by the Heeve or Tithing- 
man was obliged to leave work or repose and join the human hunt. 
AYhen the Hue and Cry reached the next village, the head man of 
that place was obliged by the law of the Saxons to summon his 
villagers and speed aicay. The whole Hundred and the whole Shire 
were thus quickly aroused, and woe then to the wretched outlaw. 
The country was filled with human hounds thirsting for his blood. 
It is fearfully significant of the immense power invested in the early 
New England Constable that he too could raise the old Saxon Hue 
and Cry, "by foote, & if need be, by horse,"* in hot pursuit of all 
capital offenders. In the King's name the Constable could raise the 
Town and compel all men to join him in the pursuit of a criminal. 
Not even the Selectmen could refuse his call for aid, under penalty 
of the law.f And to this day the Petty Constables of Xew 
England have the same old power. Should it become necessary, 
the lowly officer of any obscure handet could assert, like tlie High 
Sheriff;;: of a County, the autliority of the Commonwealth and com- 
mand all the men in his neighborhood to join him in the preservation 
of the peace. Petty Constables have the power of the State behind 
them, and rely upon it. We have seen a crowd of men called u[)on 
by a Parish Constable to aid him in arrest. The familiar cry of " Stop 
Thief!" if raised by a Petty Constable, converts all persons who 
hear it into a constabulary band, or regular Hue and Cry to chase the 
oflPender. AVith a warrant issued in due form, a Petty Constable 
may pursue a criminal by foot or by horse, by railroad or tele- 
graph, from Town to Town, from County to County, and may "ap- 
prehend him in any place in the Commonwealth. "§ 

In these modern times of civic order and well-regulated peace, the 
iron hand of Law is seldom laid with its full force upon a transgressor. 
Constables occasionally serve a writ, or arrest a vati^abond "overtaken 
with drincke," but the chief duty of their office now appears to be 
that of attending to their own private concerns and ignoring the 
pranks of small boys. The Constable may be a quiet, unobtrusive 
man, but he still represents the majesty of Law. There is latent 
power in the constabulary office, as in all our homely local insti- 
tutions. The authority of the Townsmen sometimes sleeps, but it 
is a lion sleeping before the gate of a citadel. The young lions of 
liberty play fearlessly within the reach of Law, and still the lion 
sleeps. But let an enemy approach from without, or a traitor come 
forth from within. Behold, a lion stands in the way. There is 
a lion in the street. 

• Ma.s«:. Col. Records, ii. 182. f Ihid, ii. 150. 

I Public Statutes of Mass. (IS82), 217, 239. 

J Herrick, Town Oliiccr (IsrO), 14i. Public Statutes of Mass. (1882), 239. 

272 Constithles, [July, 

Hog-Reeves or Hog-Constahles. 

In many old Towns in Xew England, for example in tlie ancient 
Town of Plymouth, there is a survivini^ type of a local officer, 
•which is mora primitive than the otHce of Tithingman or Petty Con- 
stable. Before there were keepers of the village-peace in the Sax- 
on sense, there were keepers of swine which roamed tribal domains. 
Before nomad chieftains had stables and hostlers, they had their 
flocks and herds and droves of swine, all with appointed herdsmen. 
Although doubtless every chief had his servants trained for tribal 
defence, as did Abraham his three hundred and eighteen men,* yet 
pastoral institutions, like the herdsmen of Gerar wlio strove with 
Isaac's herdsmen, f carry us back to a more rudimentary stage of soci- 
ety than a numerically organized martial Host, like the Hundreds 
and Tithings of the Saxons when they occupied Britain. In fact 
the invading Saxons brought with them, in all probability, ideas of 
older institutions than Hundred men and Tithingmen, in short primi- 
tive, more or less servile institutions, inherited by their ancestors from 
the high pasture-lands of Asia, and connecting our Aryan race with 
all pastoral peoples, if not with primitive savagery. Among those 
institutions was that one of which Scott has given us a graphic de- 
scription in the person of Gurth,| the Saxon Swine-IIerd, who in 
the upland pastures of the West Riding of Yorkshire represented not 
merely the survival of primitive Saxon speech, but the survival of a 
primitive pastoral office. In fact Scott calls him a second Euma^us, 
who was the Swine-Herd of Odysseus. In Saxon England S wine- 
Herds were a very necessary institution. Swine were so numerous in 
the days of King Edgar that he was obliged to proclaim a law to the 
effect that no animal of this species should be allowed to enter Church 
if it could possibly be hindered. § Hog-Reeves and Dog-Whippers 
were stationed at cathedral doors in time of service to prevent pro- 
fane intrusion. The function of dog-whipping was handed on to 
New England Tithingmen and Constables, who sat at the doors of 
the Meeting-House to keep out dogs and keep in boys. Hogreeves 
were almost everywhere instituted in our early Towns. 

In New England the very first liberties specifically granted to 
Towns were concerning: the herdin^r of cattle and swine, and the res;- 
ulation of fences and common fields. In the colonial records of 

* Genesis, xiv. 14. f Ibid, xxvi. 20 ; cf. xiii. 7. 

J Scott. Ivan lifx?, chap. i. ** One pan of his dress . . . was a brass rine resembling 
a doer's collar — soldered fast around his neck, so loose as to form no impediment to his 
breathing, yet so ti;,'ht as to be incap ilde of bein;? removed, exceptin;j^ l).v the use of the 
file. On this singular gorget vvas engraved in Saxon characters, an in-^cription of the fol- 
lowing purport : ' Gmth, the son of Beowulph, is tlie Ijorn thrall of Cedric ofRocher- 
wood.' " Rotherwood is an old name dc<it:natin<r a place for Rother-bt^ists (from the 
Saxon hrudher, mud. Ger. Rind). Th'j term was usually applied to cows and oxen. Rorher- 
bea.^ts are mention<d in the 3 and 4 Edward VI. Rothcr-l;ea-t- were t»rouglit over to New 
lingland, see White's Planter's Plea, in Y»jun'_''s Chronicles of Massachu-setts. 

§ Thorpe, Aacieut Laws and lusiitutea of England, ii. 2ol. 

1882.] Constables. 273 

Massachusetts we find resolutions like the following : " Euery towne 
shall haue liberty to make such orders aboute swine as they shall 
judge best for themselues.'** Towns were ordered to choose yearly 
'^ some one discreet person, who shalbee called tlie hogreeve,''f wiio 
had power to seize all " wild swine," going without a keeper, with- 
out yoke or tethering line, or some means of restraint. Swine were 
often allowed to run at large if properly yoked or ringed.:} It is 
rather surprising to one familiar with the open lawns and beautiful 
streets of Stockbridge, the model town of Berkshire, to lind in its 
original Town Records repeated entries like the following : " Voted, 
that the hoggs be yoked and run at large by the 15th of April next."§ 
In Stockbridge tlie Hogreeves, as indeed all Town Officers, with the 
exception of ^Moderator and Town Clerk, were originally Indians. 
The Town Records are full of strange, uncouth Indian names, which 
appear all the stranger from their combination with Old Testament 
or Christian names ; for example, Jehoiakim Nau-naum-pe-tonk, 
Constable ; David Xau-nau-nee-ke-nuk, Tithingman ; Jacob Xau- 
nauqhtaunk, Ilogreeve ; Solomon AVaunaupaugus, Peter Popgun- 
aupeet, and John Konkapot, Selectmen. AYe iind " hog constibls 
and fens uewers " in the Early Records of Groton, recently edited 
by Dr. Samuel A. Green with careful reference to historical ortho- 
graphy. The variety of ways in which Groton Town-Clerks con- 
trived to spell II the same office is marvellous to behold. Evidently, 
like General Jackson, they despised a man who could spell a word 
in only one way. 

The election of Hogreeves is still kept up in many old Xew Eng- 
land Towns. The conferment of that office at the annual Town- 
Meeting is now regarded as a kind of municipal joke. Almost in- 
variably the honor is given to persons who are least likely to appre- 
ciate it, for example to newly married men. In the town of Ply- 
mouth a rising young lawyer and a Harvard graduate, soon after his 
marriage, was dignified by his fellow townsmen with the venerable 
office of HoG^reeve. In a AVestern Massachusetts Town we have 
heard of a popular minister who was elected Ilogreeve by the unani- 
mous vote of his parishioners. He retaliated in a little speech, say- 
ing that he had always supposed that he had been invited to that 
town as a shepherd of the sheep, but he was now surprised to learn 
that it was really as keeper of quite a ditierent sort of animals. 

• Mass. Records, i. 119 ; cf. i. 110, 86, 87 ; Plymouth Col. Records, Laws, lo, 2-5, 27, 32. 

t Mass. Records, i. Ib2. In Groton, Mass., tlieie were Swine-lierds and Overseers of 
the Swine. See Green, Early Record-, 114, Ilo, " Swinerd." 

X Green, Early Records of Groton, 48, 108; Town Records of Salem, 64,68, 85, 130, 143, 

6 MS. TowTi Records of Stockbridge, March 15, 1748. 

} Green, Early Records of Groton, b'i; cf. QU, " Constil)!!;" 98, " Constabelle ;" 99, 
'* cunstabell;" 108, '-fenefuer;" 115, " fence u£ers," lU), "feuc newer." 

VOL. XXXVI. 24* 

27-4 Constables. [Julj* 


18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass., 
Sept. 15, 1881. 
H. B. Adams, Esq., 

Dear Sir : Jonas Humfrey,* of Dorchester, the ancestor of the family 
(Humphrey or Humphreys) in that town, arrived in " 1637," on '' the 
^^^ of September."t The next day, as appears by the Dorchester Town 
Records, he bought the house, home lot, and other lands of WilHam lian- 
iium.$ This home lot has been in possession of the family to the present 
time, and is now owned and occupied by Deacon Henry Humphreys, of the 
seventh generation in descent from Jonas, § who was, according to tradition, a 
constable in Weudover, co. Bucks, Encrlaud, before comin^; to this country. 
Tradition further states that he brought with him two original papers in 
■which the duties of a constable are set forth very explicitly, in twelve arti- 
cles. The first document sent you with this, I carefully copied from one 
of those papers. The second was transcribed from a manuscript copy. 
The original of the latter I saw and made a fac-simile of more than tliirty 
years ago. I am sorry to say that both the original and the fac-simile are 
now missing. Yours truly, 

William B. Trask. 

To the Constables of Wendouer Burrough cum fForence|| and to eu'y of 

These are in his Ma*': name to will & require yo"^ to giue notice of these 
Articles hereunto annexed to the Church wardens & ou'seers of y® poore of 
yo"^ pish and that both you and the said Church wardens & ou'seers doe 
bringe vnto his Ma": Justices at the Red Lyon in Wendouer on Wednes- 
day the 27'\ of this Instant Moneth of June by Eight of the Clock in the 
forenoone their Presentm'': according to each Articles as they shall be- 
longe to their seu'all offices And farther that Yo"^: doe certifye to his 
Ma" Justices exactly w': Alehouses are licensed and W*: vnlicensed w'^in 
yo"" lib'ties Strictly enio\-niug all the said Alehouse keepers licensed and 
vnlicensed not to tayle to be before his Ma'': Justices at the same tyme and 
that w'^ the aduice of the minister &; some three o"" fower of the most Sub- 
stantiall Inhabitants yo"^ doe certifye vnto them what number of Al^luyuses 
are fit to be licensed in you"" pish and what psons are fittest to kee})e*them 
and alsoe that you certifye to them what psons there are that doe vsually 
vent & sell Tobacco by retayle in yo"" towne & of their fitnesse soe to doe, 
together w'^ the names of such othe"" psons as you shall thinke fitt to be 
admitted to vse that trade together with the trade w*^^ they now vse And 
farther that you keepe a diligent and strict Warde by daye & Wacth by 
Dight and that you doe vpon Tewsdaye the 20"" of this Instant June take 

♦ See History of Dorchester, 101, 124. 

t Manuscript of the late Deacon James Humphreys, who died in Dorchester, July 13, 
184-5, aged 92 years. 

t See Fourtli Report of the Record Conimissioners, Boston, 1880, page 24. 

f Clapp Memorial, xvii., 274, 27.5. 

II "The parislj of Wendover includes the Borough and the Forrens, the latter T)oing that 
portion, within the limits of the township, which was not entitled to burgage privileges." 
Ibid, XV il. 

1882.1 Constables, 21h 

w*^ you sufficient ayde and make a priuate & dilygent search w*^in yo' lib- 
ertyes fo'" Rogues vagabonds and idle persons & that yo'^ bringe before bis 
Ma^: Justices to the place aforesaid on the sayd 27^ day of June all such 
of them as shall seeme sturdye dangerous and incorrigible and that yo"^: doe 
punish & send away accordinge to law all such as are not dangerous & in- 
corrigible and that yo"^: be then & there p'"sent to giue a strict accompt of 
the due execution hereof fayle not dated this 20'^ day of June 1632 : 
ffrom S' Leonards p me W'" Graunge 

You and the Church wardens remember to pay the q'teridge fo' the kings 
bench Marshalseys and mayned souldyers to me on the Day abouesayd at 
yo' towne. 

Warrant — Bucks. — 

Articles to be diligently enquired of and distinctly & particulary an- 
swered unto in writing by the high Constables within every hundred, and 
by the petty Constables & Tithing men in euery parish, town & hamlet, at 
the assises to be holden for the Countye of Bucks. 

1. You shall enquire of and triiely report the name of all Popish recu- 
sants in your parish who do forbeare to repaire to the Church according to 
the law. The names of men & women or dame of the 1 Who do not 
familye, The names of the servants by their surnames ordinarily 

& names of baptisms, the names of all Scholimasters \ resort 

And you shall certifye the names of all such persons, as J to the Church 
make or resort unto any pryvate Conventicles, or meetings, under colour of 
exercise of religion. 

2. You shall present the names of all such, as doe not resort to devine 
service every sunday according to the law, & Certifye, whether the 12*^ for- 
feyted be required s<c received and duely imployed for the poore ; of whom it 
hath been levied & of whom neglected. 

3. You shall certifye, what felonyes have been comited within your 
towne & parish, which have come to your knowledge ; against whome, of 
what kind & nature, & who hath prosecuted the same ; & if any robbe- 
ryes since the assises last past have been committed, you certitie whether 
hue and cry have been made, and the same have been duely pursued by 
horsemen & footmen, or in whose default, or by whose negligence the 
same hath fayled to be duely pursued, &; also whether watches have been 
duely kept for the apprehension of fellions or vagrants, or by whose default 
the same have been neglected. 

4. You shall Certifye, what vagrant persons have been apprehended 
within your parish since the tyme aforesaid, and what lett pass not appre- 
hended, or not punished ; who have been sent to the house of correc- 
tion, when & how they have been delivered from thence ; & by whose neg- 
ligence same hath happened, & who have relieved such vagrants with meat, 
drink, or lodginfj. 

5. You shall enquire & certifye what cottages erected, by whom, & by 
whose meanes contrary to the statute of 3*^ Eliz. & what inmates intertayn- 
ed, & by whom. 

6. You shall certifye how many tavernes, innes, alehouses, & typling 
houses their are in the parish, who keep the same, how long they have kept 
them, & which of these alehouses are licensed, and which not, & in what 

276 Constables, [July, 

places their houses stand, & whether they sell ale or beere according to 
the assise or not; which of these innes intertayne neighbours as alehousas ; 
who hath been drunk within the parish since the last assise, <fc in what inne 
or alehouse, the same hath hapned, & who have mayntajned any unlawful 
games their. 

7. You shall enquire who are or have been since the tyme aforesaid in- 
grossers, forestallers, regrators. of corn within said county, or any other 
county, who dwell or reside witliin your precinct, what kind of corne or 
grain & of what quantitye they have been ingrossers, & forestallers, or re- 
grators ; & who are maltsters within your parish to sell there mault againe, 
& who use brew houses for ale or beere within your parish, & who of them 
sell to any unlicensed alehouse. 

8. You shall certitie the names of all the petty Constables in your towne 
& parish, & their abilyties, & by whom they have been made, nominated, 
or chosen to the end that men of abilytie & good discretion maybe chosen 
to these places. 

9. You shall enquire, & certifye, what servants have been put out of 
service, or have put themselves out of service, & their termes not expired, 
where this hath hapned, & what is become of such servants ; & what un- 
married persons of able bodye live out of service, whether they have meanes 
to live without labor ; if they doe labor, who sett them on worke. 

10. You shall enquire what bridges, or highwayes are in decay in your 
parish, & through whose default the same hath hapned. 

11. You shall enquire and certifie what causes are provided in your 
parish for setting the poore on worke, or how or by what meanes the 
poore are sett on worke in your parish ; & what apprentices have been 
placed, or bound forth in your parish, & who refused to receive & keep any 
apprentice soe offered to be put forth by the Justices of peace ; what bas- 
tard hath been born within your parish, who tlie mother, who the reputed 
father, how they have been punished, & how the bastard provided for. 

12. You shall enquire & certifie what ryotts have beene committed in 
your parish, within the time aforesayd, by whome, when & how the same 
hath beene punished. 

High Constable of the hundred shall call the petty constables before him, 
a weeke before the Assises, & receive their answers in writing, to every one 
of these 12 articles. 

And, the High Constable & every of the petty Constables shall affirme 
the truth of their Certificates upon their Oath, on or before the Assises, be- 
fore one of the Justices of the peace, a week before the assises or at the 
monthly meetings of the Justices of that division. 

You are to returne answer Jo. Heath 

in writing to euery of Fr' Haynes 

these 12 articles to me 
Wendouer the 
of June alsoe. 

1882.] Ezekiel Williams, of Xew Hartford, JST. F. 277 


Compiled by Thomas W. Seward, of Utica, N. Y. 

THIS genealogical list is confined to the descendants of Ezekiel Wil- 
liams, the third sou of John Williams, of Roxbury, Mass., who was of 
the fourth generation from Robert through his third son Stephen. This 
list is a companion piece to the article relating to Thomas Williams, which 
appeared in this magazine under the date of January, 1S80. Thomas and 
Ezekiel were brothers, born in Roxbury, the one in January, 1751:, and 
the other in October, 1755, and were of the iifth generation from Robert of 
that town. Together they learned the tanner's trade of their father John 
in Roxbury, and jointly carried it on there until the year 1783. Two sis- 
ters, Susanna and Garah, daughters of Thomas Dana, were married, the one 
to Thomas, the other to Ezekiel, Nov. 20, 1777. In the year 1783 the 
two brothers moved to Framingham, Mass. Here disaster fell upon 
them, through suretyship. By arrangement with lenient creditors they 
were enabled to emigrate in the year 1790 to the infant settlement of New 
Hartford in Whitestown, N. Y. Here they added farming to the business 
of tanning, and trained four of their live sons to both pursuits. Untiring 
industry and rigid self-denial enabled them, in a few years, to pay olf their 
liabilities, repeated journeys to the east being made for that purpose, on 
foot, and in mid winter. Towards the close of the last century they built 
and jointly occupied the framed dwelling house, standing unchanged in 
1882, on the north-west side of the principal village street. In the year 
1810 this joint fiimily and business life was broken by the removal of Tho- 
mas to Cazenovia, N. Y. Ezekiel remained in New Hartford until the 
year 1816, when the property was sold, and he moved to Yefnon, N. Y. 
In the year 1829 he repurchased the New Hartford homestead, returned to 
it, and there died August 30, 1849. 

1. Robert^ Williams, of Roxbury, Mass., was probably bom in Nor- 
wich, Norfolk Co., England, about 1593. He came to America in 1637, 
settled in Roxbury and was admitted a freeman May 2, 1638. He died at 
Roxbury, September, 1693. He married Elizabeth Stratton, who was 
born 1594, died July 2^, 1674, a. 80 years. Children: 

i. Mary, b. in England ; m. Nicholas Wood. 

ii. Samuel, b. in England, 1632 ; d. Sept. 28, 1698. 

ill. Isaac, b. in Roxbury, Sept. 1, 1638. 

2. iv. Stephen, b. in Roxbury, Nov. 8, 1640 ; d. Feb. 15, 1720. 

V. Thomas, b<jrn in Roxbury ; d. j'oung. 

Robert Williams afterwards married, Nov. 3, 1675, Margaret, widow of 
John Fearing, of Hingham. He also married Martha Strong, who died 
Dec. 22, 1704, a. 91 years. 

2. SxF.pnEN* WiLLiAisrs {Robert^), born at Roxbury, Nov. 8,1640; 
married Sarah, daughter of Joseph AVise, of Roxbury. He died Feb. 15, 
1720. Children : 

278 Ezekiel Williams, of ]^ew Hartford, X. F. [July, 

i. Sarah, b. Aug. 13, 16G7 ; m. Mr. Hastings. 
ii. Mary, b. Dec. :20, 1()69 ; m. Mr. Choate. 
ill. Elizabetq, b. Oct. 1, 1672 ; m. Mr. Tucker. 
i\. Bethiaii, b. April 20, 1076; m. Mr. Rice. 
V. Stepdex, b. Auiz:. 27, 1078 ; in. Sarah Paj'son. 
Ti. Robert, b. 16S0 ; d. 1080. 
vii. Joseph, b. Feb. 24, 1081. 

3. viii. John', b. Jan. 16, 1GS3 ; m. Dorothv Brewer, 
k. Hexry, b. April 9, 1086; d. Aui:."'l6S6. 

X. Grace, b. April 2, 1688 ; m. John Metcalf,Oct. 1718. 
xi. Catherine, b. Nov. 9, 1690 ; d. June, 1707. 
xii. Thomas, b. July 27, 1694 ; d. Sept. 1094. 

3. John' Williams {Stephen,^ Eobert^), born January 16, 1683-4; 
married Dorothy Brewer. Children : 

i. Nathaniel, b. 1717. 

4. ii. JoHX, b. Dec. 25, 1719. 

iii. Dorothy, b. Jan. U, 1721 ; m. Jan. 9, 1739, Ralph Ilolbrook, of 

Brookline, Mass. 
iv. Margaret, b. Feb. 19, 1723 ; m. Sept. 11, 1743, Thomas Greggs. 

4. John'* "Williams (John,^ Stephen,^ Robert^), born Dec. 25, 1719 ; 
married May 25, 1749, Ann, daughter of Thomas Bird, of Dorchester ; 
died Feb. 8, 1794. His wife, born Aug. 10, 1724, died April 9, 17G9. 3Ir. 
Williams was a tanner at Roxbury, and an ardent revolutionary w^hig. 
Children : 

i. John, b. Aug. 20, 1750 ; m, first, PoUy Champney ; m. second, Sarah 

Wheeler. Aug. 7, 1778. 
ii. Anna, b. 1752 ; m. Joseph Houghton Dec. 27, 1772. 
iii. Thomas, b. Jan. 14. 1754 ; m. Sasanna Dana, Nov. 20, 1777. 

5. iv. Ezekiel, b. Oct. 2, 1755 ; m. tirst, Sarah Dana, Nov. 20, 1777 ; m. 

second, Mrs. Lydia Codncr, Dec. 3, 1811. 
V. Stephen, b. June, 1757 ; m. xVbigail Smith, Dec. 23. 1779. 
vi. Mary, b. Aug. 6, 1759 ; m. JohiTSmith, Dec. 9, 1779. 

Mr. Williams afterwards married, January 3, 1770, Rebecca Winslow. 
Children : 

vii. Lucy, b. Feb. 17, 1772 ; m. George Standart. 

viii. Sally, b. May 10, 1775 ; m. first, Eiisha Esty ; m. second, Noah 01m- 

ix. Rebecca, b. March 29, 1781; m. Stephen Childs. 
X. Sa3iuel, d. young. 

5. Ezekiel* Williams (John,^ John,^ Stephen,^ Rohert^), born at 
Roxbury Oct. 2, 1755 ; married Nov. 20, 1777, Sarah, daughter of Thomas 
and Martha (Williams) Dana, of Boston : died Aug. 30, 1849. She was 
born May 2, 1757, died April 9, 1813. Children : 

6. i. John, b. Sept. 10, 1778; d. April 1, 1813. 

7. ii. Sally, b. Jan. 7, 1780; d. Feb. 10. 1851. 

8. iii. Ezekiel, b. Jan. 8, 1782 ; d. Dec. 23. 1850. 

9. iv. Nancy, b. Nov. 29, 1784 ; d. July 18, 1822, 

10. V. Polly, b. Oct. 9, 1787 ; died Jan. 6, 1877. 
vi. Jesse, b. Nov. 2, 1791 ; d. Dec. 27, 1791. 

11. vii. DiCEA, b. June 24, 1796 ; d. Sept. lb, 1851. 

Mr. Williams married Dec. 3, 1814, Lydia, relict of Abraham Codner, 
of Vernon, N. Y., and daughter of Jolin and Lydia Shaw, of 2sew Marl- 
boro', Mass. She was born Dec. 21, 1763, died Aug. 31, 1856. 

6. John' WiLLiA:srs (Ezekiel,^ John* Jolin? Stephen^ RoherO-), born 
at Roxbury Sept. 10, 177S; married June 5, 1803, >.\uicy, daughter of xVbel 
and Elizabeth Ilawley, of Farmiugton, Conn. ; died April 1, 1843. She 
was born Aug. 15, 1782, died March 28, 1852. Children : 










rzel'ie! WilUams, of Xeio Hartford, X Y. 279 

SrsAN, b. June 3, 1804 ; d. May 15, 1831. 

CinRLOTTE. b. M:irch 9, 1806; m. Sept. 1, 1826, Ilorace Biijelow (18) ; 

died Aug. 6, 18-28. 
Mary Ann, b. Jan. 20. 1808. 
Cornelia, b. July 8, 1810; d. Oct. U. 1831. 
Harriet Newell, b. Nov. 5, 1817 ; d. Oct. 15, 1843. 

Mr. Williams settled at Waterville in the town of Sangerfield, Oneida 
( .:itv, N. Y., in 1802, where he built a tannery. In process of time he 
. iT'.'d on two tanneries, an oil mill, a farm and a country store. Pie re- 
t.'rd from business in 1839. 

7. Sally' Williams [Ezehiel^ John,^ John? Stephen,* Eohert^), born 
a! IJrtxbury January 7, 1780; married Feb. 7, 1798, Noah, son of John and 
U U)rah Porter, of Abington, ]Mass. ; died Feb. 10, 1851. He was born 
Jan. 11, 1775, died Sept.\^2, 1860. Children : 

16. i. Francis Dana Porter, b. March 12. 1801 ; d. March 3, 1850. 
IT. ii. William Nelson Porter, h. Oct. I, 1S04. 

iii. John Porter, b. June 24. 1807 ; d. April 10, 1609. 
18. iv. Jclia Ann Porter, b. Feb. 2, 1809. 
lU. V. Edward Porter, b. Sept. 20, 1814. 

Mr. Porter was a carpenter and joiner in New Hartford, N. Y. From 
j*"J5 to 1850 he kept the village hotel. In 1850 he moved to the town of 
J.>boii, 111., where he died. 

H. EzF.KiEL* Williams {E-el-iel" John,* John,"" S'ephen,^ Cohere), 
y Ml cit Koxliury Jan. 8, 1782; married April 10, 1806, Sally, daughter of 
.\.' ill and Olive (Hiekok) Curtis*, of Southboro', Conn.; died Dec. 23, 
^-'**. She was born Aug. 20. 1781, died June 22. 1834. Children: 
20. i. George Curtiss. b. Feb. 27, 1807 ; d. Aug. 1, 1863. 

ii. PiiLRE Trowbridge, b. March 23. ISIO; m. .July 14, 1831. Matthew 
L., son of HiiL^h and Eli/.abeth (Leitch) Watson, of Auburn, N. Y- 
Ile was b. ^hlrch 8, 1805 ; d. Fei). 1. 1845. Mr. ^Vatsun was born 
in Paisley, Scotland, came to Auburn. N. Y., in boyhoijd with his 
father's ihmily, was engaged mostly in the business of brewing and 
distillini^ with his father and b -(jther RoVtert, tirst in the firm of 
Huirh Watson & Sons, afterwards in that of R. & M. Watson. 
iii. Cordelia, b. Oct. 14. 1812; d. Sept. 5, 1813. 
01. iv. Sarah Dana, b. May 30, 1817; d. March 15, 1675. 
Mr. Williams married, Aug. 23, 1836, Helen Lincklaen, daughter of 
Joshua and Margaret Leonard, formerly of Cazenovia, N. Y. She was born 
Jan. 2, 1803. 

He settled first at Middle Settlement, near New Hartford, N. .Y., in 1804, 
"^.i^Te he built and carried on a tannery ten years. In 1814 he removed 
it Auburn, X. Y., where he bought an estal)lished tanning and leather 
b'l-irit's^, which he greatly enlarged. For many years he was one of the 
'-- i:d of managers of Auburn State Prison. He retired from business in 
J '">'••', and removed to Chicajzo, where he died. 

^.^ Nancy' Williams (Ezel-iel,^ John,* John,'^ Stephen,^ Eohert'), born 
»t Frarningham, Mass., Nov. 29, 1784; married Oct. 20, 1808, Lewis, son 
'f Jacob and Clemens Sherrill, of East Hampton, L. I. ; died July 18, 1822. 
He was born June 30, 1781, died March 9, 1871. Children : 

i. Cornelia Sherrill, b. Oct. 2. 1809 ; d. May 4, 1827. 

ii. JouN Sherrill, b. April 15, 1811 ; d. June" 25, 1830. 

--. HI. J./sEi'H Allen Sherrill, b. Dec. 19, 1812. 

*3. i?. Lewis Sherrill, b. Dec. 19, 1814. 

580 Ezekiel Williams, ofKtw Hartford, JV". Y, [July, 

T. Dana SnERRiLL, b. May 21, 1817; m. Sept. 19. 1843, Elizabeth H., 
daughter of Joseph and Kachael Wilcox, of New Ilarttbrd, N. Y. ; 
d. Sent. 7, 1849. She was born Aui;. II, 1821. 

vi. Sarah Williams Sderrill, b. April 11, 18-2-2 ; d. June 20, 1822. 

Mr. Sherrill, in company with his brotlier Jacob, began the making of 

carding machines and the fulling and dressing of woolen fobrics at New 

. Hartford in 1806, and carried on the business until the establishment was 

destroyed by tire in 1826. He was also a farmer, and so continued to bo 

until his death. 

10. PoLLT^ Williams [EzelieJ,* John* John,'* Stephen."^ Robert^), born 
at Framinghara, Mass., Oct. 0, 1787; married Jan. 13, 1813, Calvin, son 
of Reuben and Martha Bushnell, of Savbrook, parish of Westbrook, Conn. ; 
died Jan. 6, 1877. He was born April 29, 1781, died May 15, 1864. 
ChUdren : 

i. Sarah Dana Bushnell, b. Oct. 6, 1813. 

ii. Calvin Williams Bushnell, b. March 24. 1815. 

24. iii. AnnTownsend Bushnell, b. Sept. 4, 1817 ; d. April 20, 1879. 

25. iv. Elizabeth Bushnell, b. Nov, 18, 1819. 

26. V. Charlotte Bushnell, b. AuiX. 31, 1821. 

27. vi. Harriet Bushnell, b. July 29, 1823. 

28. vii. John Williams Bushnell, b. jNIavch 18, 1825. 

29. viii. Sherrill Pierce Bushnell, b. March 24, 1627. 

30. is. Joseph Bushnell, b. March 14, 1829. 

X. Mary Bushnell, b. Feb. 22, 1832 ; m. Oct. 17, 1880, Henry S. Lang- 
don, of Lisbon, 111. He was born Sept. 12, 1828, d. Feb. 2, 1862. 

Mr. Bushnell graduated at Williams College in 1808, was tutor 1800-10, 
studied theology with Rev. Daniel Porter, D.D., of Cattskill, N. Y., or- 
dained by Oneida presbytery pastor of the church in Vernon, N. Y.. in 
1812, resigned in 1829, because of impaired health, and moved to a farm in 
New Hartford, N. Y. In 1836 he emigrated with several families of his 
neighborhood to Lisbon, 111., where he engaged in farming and the clerical 
duties of the infant settlement. 

11. DrCEA^ Williams {Ezekiel,^ Johi*^ John? Stephen," Robert^), born 
at New Hartford, N. Y., June 24, 1796; married Feb. 26, 1817, Huntting 
Sherrill, son of Levi and Mary Pierce of Lebanon, N. Y. ; died Sept. 18, 
1851. He was born in 1792, died March 12, 1826. Children: 

31. i. Levi Pierce, b. Nov. 8, 1822. 

ii. Sarah Williams Pierce, b. July 31, 1826 : m. June 10, 1855, Elisha, 
son of Ebenezer and Beulah Wright, of Rome, N. Y. ; d. June 15, 
1870. He was born June 8, 1802. 

Mr. Pierce was a clothier, or fuller, in w^hich occupation he was engaged 
with his relatives Jacob and Lewis Sherrill, at New Ilartford. 

12. SusAN^ Williams {John,^ Ezehiel,^ John,* John^ Stephen* Roi)- 
ert"-), born at Waterville, N. Y., June 3, 1804; married May 20, 1826, 
Philo, son